Short Summary Of The Book Adventures Of Tom Sawyer

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Short summary of the book adventures of tom sawyer

1885 novel by Mark Twain For other uses, see Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (disambiguation). Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 2nd (1st US) book cover editionAuthorMark TwainIllustratorE. W. KembleCountryUnited StatesLanguageEnglishSeriesTom SawyerGenereneroPicaresque novelPublisherChatto & Windus / Charles L. Webster AndCompany.Published December 10, 1884 (United Kingdom and Canada) 1885[1] (United States) Pages366OCLC29 489 461Preceded byThe Adventures of Tom Sawyer TextAdventures of Huckleberry Finn on Wikisource Adventures of Huckleberry Finn or, as it is known in more recent editions, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, is a novel byAmerican author Mark Twain, first published in the United Kingdom in 1978. December 1884 and in the United States in February 1885. Commonly called among the great American novels, the work is one of the first in American literature to be written in vernacular English, characterized by local regionalism. It is first-person told by Huckleberry“Huck” Finn, the narrator of two other Twain novels (Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, Detective) and a friend of Tom Sawyer’s. It’s a direct sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. The book is known for “changing the course of children’s literature” in the United States for the “deeply felt representation of children”.[2] It is also known for itscolorful description of people and places along the Mississippi River. Set in a southern antebellum society that had ceased to exist more than 20 years before the work was published, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an often biting satire about entrenched attitudes, particularly racism. Perennially popular with readers, Adventures of HuckleberryFinn has also been the subject of continuous study by literary critics since its publication. The book was widely criticized at its release due to its extensive use of rude language. To the of the twentieth century, and despite the arguments that the protagonist and the tenor of the book book Anti-racista, [3] [4] The criticists to the book continued due toboth their perceived use of racial stereotypes and their frequent use of the racial insult â œThe characters See also: Tom Sawyer's list in order From appearance: Tom Sawyer is the best friend and companion of Huck, the protagonist of other twin novels and the leadership of the city boys in adventures. He is naughty, of good heart, and "the bestfighter and the most intelligent boy in the city" [5]. Huckleberry Finn, «Huck» for your friends, is a child of some «thirteen or fourteen years or asã.» (chapter 17) has been raised by her father, the drunk of the city , and has difficulty fitting into society. In the novel, the good nature of Huck contrasts with the insufficiencies and inequalities of society.The widow Douglas is the kind woman who welcomes Huck after he was saved from a violent home invasion. She does everything possible to civilize Huck, believing that she is the Christian duty of him. Ms. Watson is the sister of the widow, a tough single one who also lives with them. She is pretty hard with Huck, causing herself a lot a lot with her.Mark Twain could have been inspired by this character in several people he knew in his life. [5] Jim is the physically large but gentle slave of Ms. Watson. Huck becomes very close to Jim when he realized after Jim flees from Miss Watson's house to seek shelter from slavery, and Huck and Jim become travel companions at the Mississippi River. «Papâ»Finn, Huck's father, a brutal drunkard. He bothers him that Huck receives any kind of education. The only genuine interest of him in the son of him involves begigating or extorting money to feed his alcohol addiction. Judith Loftus performs a small role in the novel à ì ì being the friendly and perspicious woman with which Huck speaks to find outabout the search for Jimà ì, but many critics believe that she is the character Best drawn of the novel. [5] Los Grangerfords, an Aristocratic family of Kentucky headed by the sexagenary Colonel Saul Grangerford, Grangerford, After it separates from Jim in the Mississippi. Huck becomes close friend of younger family male, Buck Grangerford, whohas the age of Huck. For when Huck knows them, the Grangerford have been in an old blood dispute with another local family, the Shepherdson. The Duke and the king are two anonymous scammers that Huck and Jim carry on board his raft just before the beginning of his adventures in Arkansas. They are passed through the Duke of Bridgewater andthe Dead Louis XVII of France, in an attempt to overcrowd Huck and Jim, who rapidly recognize them for what they are, but fing to accept their affirmations to avoid conflict. Dr. Robinson is the only man who recognizes that the king and the Duke are false when they intend to be British. He warns the people of the town, but they ignore him. MaryJane, Joanna and Susan Wilks are the three young nieces of the rich guardian, Peter Wilks, who recently died. The Duke and the king try to steal his inheritance by passing through siblings apart from Peter of England. The Sally Aunt and the Tão Silas Phelps buy Jim al Duque and the King. She is a "farmer's wife,", affectionate and tense, and him anold worker, both farmer as a preacher. Huck becomes passing through his nephew of him Tom Sawyer after separating from the scammers. Summary of the Huckleberry Finn frame, as described by EW Kemble in the original edition of 1884 of the book In Missouri History begins at the Fictitio St. Petersburg, Missouri (based on the royal city ofHannibal, Missouri), on the banks of the Mississippi River. "Forty or fifty years ago" (the novel was published in 1884). Huckleberry  «Huck» Finn (the protagonist and narrator in first person) and the friend of him, Thomas  «Tomâ» Sawyer, have received a considerable sum of money as a result of your previous adventures (detailed in theadventures of Tom Sawyer) . Huck explains how he is placed under the guardianship of the Douglas widow, Together with his strict strict Miss Watson, they’re trying to “civilize” you and teach you religion. Huck finds civilized life confined. Their spirits are lifted when Tom Sawyer helps her pass over Miss Watson’s slave, Jim, so that she can joinTom’s gang of self-proclaimed “thieves.” Just as the gang’s activities begin to bore Huck, his unchanged father, “Dad”, an abusive alcoholic, suddenly reappears. Huck, who knows that his father will spend the money on alcohol, succeeds in keeping his fortune out of his father’s hands. Pap, however, kidnaps Huck and takes him out of town. In Illinois,Jackson Island and while Downriver Pap forcibly moves Huck to an abandoned cabin in the woods along the Illinois coast. To prevent further violence and escape incarceration, Huck elaborately fakes his own murder, steals his father’s supplies, and goes downstream in a 13/14 foot long canoe that he finds drifting downstream. She soon settlescomfortably on Jacksonâ s Island, where she meets Jim, Miss Watson’s slave. Jim has also run away after hearing Miss Watson plan to sell it “by the river” to supposedly more brutal owners. Jim plans to go to Cairo City, Illinois, a free state, and then buy the rest of his enslaved family’s freedom. At first, Huck is in conflict over the sin and crime ofsupporting a runaway slave, but as the two talk deeply and unite over their mutually held superstitions, Huck connects emotionally with Jim, who increasingly becomes Huck’s close friend and guardian. After a heavy flood in the river, the two find a raft (which they keep) as well as an entire house floating on the river (Chapter 9: “The House of DeathFloats”). Entering the house to look for a loot, Jim finds the naked body of a dead man lying on the ground, by the back. Avoid Huck to see the corpse. [6] To learn about the last novelties of the city, Huck dresses from child and enters Judith Loftus's house, a new woman in the area. Huck learns from her she the news of his own alleged murder; ThePap was initially blamed, but since Jim ran away he is also a suspect and a reward of 300 dollars for capturing Jim has initiated a human hunt. Ma’am. Loftus becomes increasingly suspicious that Huck is a child, finally proving it with a series of tests. Huck develops another story on the fly and explains her disguise as the only way to escape from anabusive foster family. Once exposed, she allows him to leave her house without shock, without realizing that he is the allegedly murdered child they have just spoken of. Huck returns to Jim to tell him the news and that a search party will arrive on Jackson Island that night. The two hurriedly load the raft and depart. After a while, Huck and Jim meet asteamer on the ground. Searching it, they stumbled upon two thieves named Bill and Jake Packard discussing the murder of a third man named Jim Turner, but fled before being seen on the thieves' boat as their raft has moved away. They find their own raft again and save the thieves' booty and sink the thieves' boat. Huck tricks a watchman into asteamer to rescue the thieves stranded in the shipwreck to calm his conscience. Later they part in a mist, making Jim (on the raft) feel intensely anxious, and when they get together, Huck tricks Jim into thinking he dreamed the whole incident. Jim is not fooled for long and is deeply hurt that his friend has mocked him so mercilessly. Huck regrets andapologizes to Jim, although his conscience worries him to humiliate himself before a Black man. In Kentucky: The Grangerfords and the Shepherdsons As they advance, Huck and Jim’s raft is struck by a passing steam, separating them again. Huck is sheltered on the Kentucky side of the river by the Grangerfords, an “aristocratic” family. befriendsBuck Grangerford, a boy his age, and he learns that the Grangerfords are in a bloody 30-year dispute with another family, family, Although Huck asks Buck because he began the fight in the first place, he is already told that no one knows more. Los GrangerFords and pastors go to the same church, which go, ironically preaches fraternal love. Thevendetta finally reaches the head when Buck's eldest sister is ELOPES with a member of the Shepherdson clan. In the resulting conflict, all the males of Grangerford of this branch of the family are killed and killed by the remaining pastors, including Buck, whose horrendous assassination sank witnesses. He feels immensely relieved to meet with Jim,which has since recovered and repaired the raft. In Arkansas: The Duke and the King near the Arkansas-Missouri-Tennessee border, Jim and Huck take two grifptators in the race on board the raft. The youngest man, who has about thirty, presents himself as the lost son of an English Duke (the Duke of Bridgewater). The oldest, about seventy, thentriumphs over this outrageous affirmation claiming that it is the lost Dauphin, the son of Louis XVI and the legitimate law of France. The "Duke" and "King" soon become permanent passengers in Jim and Huck's raft, committing a series of trust schemes in the confident premises along their trip. To divert Jim's public suspicion, they pretend that he isa fugitive slave who has been recaptured, but then he paints it blue and call him the "sick Arab" so he can move through the raft without the links. On one occasion, the scammers announce a commitment of three nights of a work called "The Royal Nonesuch". The play turns out to be just a couple of minutes from an absurd, with a farce of Bawdy. Inthe afternoon of the first performance, a drunkard named Boggs is killed by a gentleman named Colonel Sherburn; A Lynch mafia is formed to retaliate against Sherburn; And Sherburn, surrounded by his house, scatters the mafia making a challenging speech he describes the real lynching must be done. On the third night of “The Royal Nonesuch”,the villagers prepare for their revenge on the Duke and the King for their Scam, but the two are smartly omitted into the city along with Huck and Jim just before the performance begins. In the following city, the two scammers then include Peter Wilks siblings, a recently deceased property man. To match the beads of the Brothers of Wilks, the kingtries an English accent and the Duke aims to be a deaf mute while he begins to collect the heritage of Wilks. Huck decides that Wilks's three Huà RFNAs, who treat Huck with kindness, do not deserve to be cheated, therefore, he tries to recover the stolen inheritance. At a desperate moment, Huck is forced to hide the money in the Wilks AtaúD,which is crowded up to the next morning. The arrival of two new men who seem to be the true brothers launched everything to the confusion, so that the people of the people decide to unearth the AtaúD to determine how are the true brothers, but, with all the others distracted, the leaves Huck for the raft. , with the hope of never seeing the Dukeand the king again. Suddenly, however, the two villains return, a lot to the despair of Huck. When Huck finally can escape a second time, he finds his horror that the scammers have sold Jim to a family that aims to return him to his appropriate owner for the reward. Challenging the awareness of him and accepting the negative religious consequenceshe waits for the actions of him, "okay, then, I will go to hell!" "Huck is resolved to free Jim once and for all, in the Huck of the Phelps farm, he finds out that Jim is being carried out in the plantation of Silas and Sally Phelps. The nephew of the family is expected , Tom, for a visit at the same time as the arrival of Huck, so Huck is confused with Tom andwelcomed his home. Play, hoping to find Jim's location and free him; in a surprising turn of the plot, it is revealed that the Expected is, in fact, Tom Sawyer. When Huck intercepts the real Tom Sawyer on the road and says everything, Tom decides to join the Huck scheme, pretending to be his own half brother younger of him, Sid, while Huckcontinues to continue to be Tom. Meanwhile, Jim has told the family about the two scammers and the new plan for “The Royal Nonesuch”, and so the townspeople capture the Duke and the King, who are then tarred and feathered and taken out of town on a rail. Instead of simply getting Jim out of the shed where he is being held, Tom develops anelaborate plan to release him, which includes secret messages, a hidden tunnel, snakes in a shed, a rope ladder sent with Jim’s food, and other elements from adventure books he has read,[7] including an an anonymous note. the Phelps warning them of the whole plan. During the escape and the ensuing chase, Tom is shot in the leg, while Jim remainsby his side, risking being caught instead of completing his escape alone. Although a local doctor admires Jim’s decency, he has arrested Jim in his sleep and returned to the Phelps. After this, events are quickly resolved. Tom Polly’s aunt arrives and reveals Huck and Tom’s true identities to the Phelps family. Jim reveals himself to be a free man: MissWatson died two months earlier and released Jim in her will, but Tom (who already knew) chose not to reveal this information to Huck so that he could devise an ingenious rescue plan for Jim. Jim tells Huck that Huck’s father (Pap Finn) has been dead for some time (he was the dead man they found earlier in the houseboat), so Huck can safely returnto St. Petersburg. Huck declares that he is very happy to have finished writing his story, and despite Sally’s plans to adopt him and civilize him, he intends to flee west to Indian territory. Theme Adventures of Huckleberry Finn explores themes of race and identity. There is a complexity with respect to Jim’s character. While some scholars point outthat Jim is of good heart and moral, and is not unintelligent (as opposed to several the most negatively portrayed white characters), others have criticized the novel as racist, citing the use of the word “black” and emphasizing the stereotyped “comic” “comic” of the lack of education, superstition and ignorance of Jim. [8] [9] Throughout history, Huckis in a moral conflict with the values received from the society in which he lives. Huck can not consciously refer to the values even in the thoughts of him, but he makes a moral decision based on his own assessment of Jim's friendship and human value, a decision of direct opposition to the things he has taught ADO Twain, in his conference notes,proposes that "a sound heart is a safer guide than a poorly trained conscience" and continues to describe the novel as ". a book Mão in which a solid heart and a consciousness Deformed enter the collision and consciousness suffers the defeat ". [10] To highlight the necessary hypocrise to learn slavery within a moral system ostensibly, TWAIN hasHuck's father enslaved the son of him, isolate him and hit him. When Huck escapes, he immediately encounters Jim "illegally" doing the same. The treatments they receive both receive are radically different, especially in a meeting with Mrs Judith Loftus, who is sorry for him presume to be an apprentice of fugitive, Huck, but and boasts about herhusband sending the dogs afterwards of a fugitive slave, Jim. [11] Some scholars discuss Huck's own character, and the novel herself, in the context of the relationship with African-American culture as a whole. John Alberti removes Shelley Fisher Peschkin, who writes in his book from the Dà cater was Huck Black?: Mark Twain and AfricanAmerican voices, "limiting his field of investigation into the periphery," the white scholars "have lost the forms In that African Americans the voices in the form of creative imagination of TWAIN in their nucleus ". It is suggested that the Huckleberry Finn character illustrate the correlation, and even the interrelation, between the white and blackculture in the United States. [12] Illustrations The original illustrations were by E.W. Kemble, at that moment a young artist who works for Life magazine. Kemble was picked up by TWAIN, who admired his work. Hearn suggests that Twain and Kemble had a one skill, writing that: Anything that may have lacked technical grace . Kemble shared withthe greatest illustrators the ability to give even the smallest individual of a text its own distinctive visual personality; just as Twain so cleverly defined a complete character in a few sentences, so Kemble depicted the same complete character with pen strokes.[13] As Kemble s One could afford a model, most of his illustrations produced for the bookwere made guesswork. When the novel was published, the illustrations were praised even when the novel was harshly criticized. E.W. Kemble produced another set of illustrations for Harperâ s and the American Publishing Company in 1898 and 1899 after Twain lost the copyright.[14] The Effect of Publication on the Literary Climate Mark TwainTwain initially conceived the work as a sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer that would follow. Huckleberry Finn into adulthood. Beginning with some pages he had removed from the previous novel, Twain began work on a manuscript originally titled Huckleberry Finnâ s Autobiography. Twain worked on the manuscript from time to time for thenext few years, eventually abandoning his original plan to follow Huck’s development into adulthood. He seemed to have lost interest in the manuscript while it was in progress, and set it aside for several years. After making a trip down the Hudson River, Twain returned to his work on the novel. Once finished, the title of the novel was very similar tothat of its predecessor, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Comrade of Tom Sawyer).[15] Mark Twain wrote the story in lupis on notepaper between 1876 and 1883. Paul Needham, who supervised the authentication of the manuscript for Sotheby’s books and manuscripts department in New York in 1991, stated: “What you see is [Clemens'] attempt tomove away from the “For example, Twain reviewed Huck Finn’s opening line three times. Initially he wrote, “You won’t know about me”, me, “You don’t know about me”, before deciding on the final version, “You don’t know about me, without having read a book called ’The Adventures of Tom Sawyer'; but that doesn’t matter”[16]. The revisions alsoshow how Twain reworked his material to reinforce the characters of Huck and Jim, as well as his sensitivity to the debate about literacy and voting.[17] A later version was the first machine-written manuscript delivered to a printing press.[19] Demand for the book expanded further. outside the United States. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn wasfinally published on December 10, 1884, in Canada and the United Kingdom, and on February 18, 1885, in the United States.[20] The illustration on page 283 became a problem after an engraver, whose identity was never discovered, added oil to it. last hour to the printing plate of the Kemble picture of the old Silas Phelps, which drew attention tothe groin of Phelps. Thirty thousand copies of the book had been printed before the obscenity was discovered. A new plaque was made to correct the illustration and repair existing copies.[21] In 1885, the curator of the Buffalo Public Library, James Fraser Gluck, approached Twain to donate the manuscript to the library. Twain did it. Later it wasbelieved that the printer had lost half of the pages. In 1991, the first missing half appeared in a steam trunk owned by Gluck’s descendants. The library successfully claimed possession and, in 1994, opened the Mark Twain Room to display the treasure.[23] Relating to the literary climate at the time of the book’s publication in 1885, Henry Nash Smithdescribes the significance of Mark Twain’s already established reputation as a “humorist.” professional”, having already published more than a dozen works. Smith suggests that while the “dismantling of the decadent Romanticism of the late 19th century was a necessary operation”, Huckleberry Finn’s Adventures illustrated The resources ofimaginative power, but they also made vernacular language, with their new sources of pleasure and new energy, available to American prose and poetry in the 20th century”. [24] Critical reception and prohibition in this scene illustrated by EW Kemble, Jim has Dado sunk for dead and when re He appears, thinks it must be a ghost. While it is clearthat Huckleberry Finn’s adventures were controversial from the beginning, Norman Mailer, writing in the New York Times in 1984, concluded that Twain’s novel was not initially “Too Unpleasant.” In fact, Mailer writes: “The critical climate could hardly anticipate TS Eliot and Ernest Hemingway’s Encomiums 50 years later”, revisions that wouldremain in the American consciousness. [25] Alberti suggests that the academic institution responded. To the challenges of the book, both with farewell and with confusion. During Twain’s time and today, defenders of Huckleberry Finn’s adventures “ALL NOT FOLDED CRITICS OF THE Reserve together as extremists and “censors”, which amounts tothe complaints about the ’toughness' of the book of the bourgeois Gentile Trustees of the Public Library of Concord on the day With more recent objections based on race and civil rights”. [12] On the issue of The American Edition in 1885, several libraries banned it from their shelves. [26] Early criticism focused on what was perceived as the rawnessof the book. An incident was reported in the Boston transcript newspaper: the Concord (Mass.) The Public Library Committee has decided to exclude Mark Twain’s latest book from the library. A member of the Committee says that, although he doesn’t want to call it immoral, he thinks it contains a bit of humor, and that of a very fat guy. He thinks ofit as the trash of the ver. The library and the other members of the Committee have similar points of view, which characterize it as hopeful, and inelegant, dealing with a number of experiences that do not rise, the whole book is more suitable for that to intelligent and respectable people. [27] The writer Louisa May Alcott also criticized the publicationof the book, saying that if TWAIN â œYou can think of something better to tell our boys and girls of pure mind, better to stop writing for them. "[28 ] TWAIN commented later to the editor of him: "Apparently, the Concord Library has sentenced Huck as garbage and only suitable for the low neighborhoods." "This will sell us another twenty-fivethousand copies! In 1905, the Brooklyn Public Library of New York also banned the book due to â œthe choice of words "and that Huck had â œIt not only styled but noted" within the novel, which was considered obscene. When a Brooklyn librarian asked him about the situation, TWain responded sarmatically: I am very worried about what yousay. I wrote â Tom Sawyer 'and â Huck Finn' exclusively for adults, and I always anguished me when I realized that children and girls were allowed to access them. The mind that gets dirty in youth can never be washed again. I know it for my own experience, and until today I keep an implacable bitterness against the infidel guardians of myyoung life, who did not only allow me but forced me to read a Bible without purging before turning 15 years. Nobody can do that and return a clean and sweet breath on this side of the tomb. [30] Many subsequent criticists, including Ernest Hemingway, have discarded the final chapters, stating that the book â â "it becomes a little more than aplaystone and a broad comedy" after Jim was arrested. [ 31] Although Hemingway declared, "all modern American literature comes from" Huck Finn, and acclaimed him as "the best book we have had," he warned, "if you should read it, you should stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen [ sic]. That is the true ending. The rest is more than deceiving ". [32][33] However, the outstanding writer Ralph Ellison argues that “Hemingway completely overlooked the structural, symbolic, and moral need for that part of the plot in which the Rescue Jim. However, it is precisely this part that gives the novel its meaning”. [34] Pulitzer Prize Winner Powers states in his biography Twain (Mark Twain: A Life) that“Huckleberry Finn endure as a consensus masterpiece despite these final chapters”, in which Tom Sawyer leads huck through of the machinations devised to rescue Jim. [35] Controversy in his introduction to the Finn Huckleberry noted, Michael Patrick Hearn writes that Twain “could be vulgar uninhibited”, and cites critically William Dean Howells,a contemporary Twain, who wrote that the “author’s humor was not for most women.” However, Hearn went on to explain that “the reticent Howells found nothing in Huckleberry Finn’s tests so offensive that he should have been beaten.” [36] Much of Huckleberry Finn’s modern scholarship has focused on his treatment of race. Many Twain scholarshave argued that the book, by humanizing Jim and exposing the fallacies of the racist assumptions of slavery, is an attack on racism. [37] or Thers have argued that the book comes close to this score, especially in its portrayal of Jim. [26] According to Professor Stephen Railton of the University of Virginia, Twain was unable to rise above thestereotypes of Black people that white readers of his The Age Expected and Enjoyed, and therefore turned to Minstrel Show-Style Comedy to provide humor at Jim’s expense, and ended up confirming rather than challenging the Racist stereotypes of the late 19th century. [38] In one case, the controversy caused a drastically altered Interpretation ofthe text: In 1955, CBS tried to avoid controversial material in a televised version of the book, removing all references to slavery and omitting the character of Jim altogether. [39] [39] Because of this controversy over whether Huckleberry Finn is racist or anti-racist, and because the “nigger” is frequently used in the novel (a word commonly used inTwain’s time that has become vulgar and taboo), many have questioned the This questioning of the word “black” is illustrated by a Virginia school administrator in 1982 who called the novel “the most grotesque example of racism I’ve ever seen”.[40] According to the American Library Association, Huckleberry Finn was the fifth most questioned bookin the United States during the decade of the 1990s. 1990. There have been several more recent cases of protests over the ban on the novel. In 2003, high school student Calista Phair and her grandmother, Beatrice Clark, in Renton, Washington, proposed banning the book from classes in the Renton School District, though not in any public library,because of the word “black”. The two curricular committees that considered her petition finally decided to keep the novel. in grade 11, although it was suspended until a panel had time to review the novel and establish a specific teaching procedure for the novel’s controversial subjects.[42] In 2009, a Washington State high school teacher, John Foley,called for the replacement of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn with a more modern novel.[43] In a column, the novel was published in the United States. Foley wrote in the Seattle Post Intelligencer, claims that all “novels that use the word “N” should disappear repeatedly”. He claims that teaching the novel is not only unnecessary, but difficult due tothe offensive language within the novel, with many students who are uncomfortable “just hearing the N-word”.[44] In 2016, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was removed from a Virginia public school district, along with the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, due to its use of racial insults.[45] Redacted Editions Editors have made their own attempts toalleviate the controversy by publishing editions of the book with the word “nigger” replaced by less controversial words. A 2011 edition of the book, published by NewSouth Books, used the word “slave.” (although the word is not correctly A. Liberated man). The argument of him to make the change was to offer the reader the option to read a"sanitized" version if he did not fe

“Huck” Finn, the narrator of two other Twain novels (Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, Detective) and a friend of Tom Sawyer’s. It’s a direct sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. The book is known for “changing the course of children’s literature” in the United St

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