2009 Amendments To The Delaware General Corporation Law

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2009 Amendments to the DelawareGeneral Corporation LawpresentsRevising Corporate Governance Practices to Respond to IncreasedShareholder Proxy DemandsA Live 90-Minute Audio Conference with Interactive Q&AToday's panel features:Michael K. Reilly, Partner, Potter Anderson & Corroon, Wilmington, Del.Jeffrey R. Wolters, Partner, Morris Nichols Arsht & Tunnell, Wilmington, Del.Barry H. Genkin, Partner, Blank Rome, PhiladelphiaWednesday, July 1, 2009The conference begins at:1 pm Eastern12 pm Central11 am Mountain10 am PacificThe audio portion of this conference will be accessible by telephone only. Please refer to the dial in instructions emailed to registrantsto access the audio portion of the conference.CLICK ON EACH FILE IN THE LEFT HAND COLUMN TO SEE INDIVIDUAL PRESENTATIONS.If no column is present: click Bookmarksor Pageson the left side of the window.If no icons are present: Click View, select Navigational Panels, and chose either Bookmarks or Pages.If you need assistance or to register for the audio portion, please call Strafford customer service at 800-926-7926 ext. 10

2009 AMENDMENTS TO THE DELAWAREGENERAL CORPORATION LAWRevising Corporate Governance Practices to Respondto Increased Shareholder Proxy DemandsSponsored by the Legal Publishing Group of Strafford PublicationsWednesday, July 1, 2009Jeffrey R. WoltersMorris, Nichols, Arsht & Tunnell LLPMichael K. ReillyPotter Anderson & Corroon LLP

OVERVIEW OF RESPONSES TO CALL FOR INCREASED SHAREHOLDER INFLUENCE Congress Sen. Schumer's "Shareholder Bill of Rights Act of 2009" Rep. Peters' "Shareholder Empowerment Act of 2009" Analogous bill in the House; also covers broker voting and compensation clawbacksSEC "Facilitating Director Shareholder Nominations" Proposed Rule Non-binding shareholder vote on executive pay and golden parachutes, mandatorymajority voting, no staggered boards, mandatory independent board chairman,mandatory board "risk committee," establishes SEC authority re: proxy accessNew Rule 14a-11 – akin to a Rule 14a-8 for elections; allows shareholders meetingcertain ownership requirements to place nominees on the company's proxystatement and cardAmended Rule 14a-8(i)(8) – allows shareholder proposals to amend bylaws to adoptnomination procedures or disclosures related to shareholder nominationsDelaware CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan, 953 A.2d 227 (Del. 2008) Procedural bylaws related to proxy solicitation process generally valid; subject toboard's exercise of fiduciary duties2009 Amendments to the Delaware General Corporation Law New Section 112 – Permits proxy access bylawsNew Section 113 – Permits proxy solicitation expense reimbursement bylawsNew Subsection 225(c) – Permits judicial removal of directors in certaincircumstancesOther amendments – Subsection 145(f) re: indemnification and Subsection 213(a)re: empty voting2

SECTION 112 – BYLAWS ON STOCKHOLDER ACCESS TO PROXY MATERIALS Permits Proxy Access Bylaw: Bylaws may provide that if the corporation solicits proxies withrespect to an election of directors, it may be required to include individuals nominated bystockholders in its proxy solicitation materials (including any form of proxy)Proxy Access Bylaw May Include Conditions: Bylaw may provide that proxy access issubject to specified procedures or conditions. A nonexclusive list of procedures or conditionsincludes: Requiring minimum record or beneficial stock ownership or minimum duration of stockownership by the nominating stockholder Beneficial ownership may be defined to take into account options or other rights inrespect of or related to stock Requiring the nominating stockholder to submit specified information regarding thestockholder and the stockholder's nominees, including stock ownership by such persons Conditioning eligibility upon the number or proportion of directors nominated bystockholders or whether the stockholder previously sought to require such inclusion Precluding nominations by any person if such person, any nominee of such person, orany affiliate or associate of such person or nominee, has acquired or publicly proposed toacquire shares constituting a specified percentage of the voting power of the corporation'soutstanding voting stock within a specified period before the election of directors Requiring that the nominating stockholder undertake to indemnify the corporation inrespect of any loss arising as a result of any false or misleading information or statementsubmitted by the nominating stockholder in connection with a nomination3

SECTION 113 – BYLAWS ON REIMBURSEMENT OF PROXY SOLICITATION EXPENSES Permits Expense Reimbursement Bylaw: Bylaws may provide for reimbursement by thecorporation of expenses incurred by a stockholder in soliciting proxies in connection with anelection of directorsExpense Reimbursement Bylaw May Include Conditions: Bylaw may provide that expensereimbursement is subject to specified procedures or conditions. A nonexclusive list ofprocedures or conditions includes: Conditioning eligibility for reimbursement upon the number or proportion of personsnominated by the stockholder seeking reimbursement or whether such stockholderpreviously sought reimbursement for similar expenses Limitations on the amount of reimbursement based upon the proportion of votes cast infavor of one or more of the persons nominated by the stockholder seekingreimbursement, or upon the amount spent by the corporation in soliciting proxies inconnection with the election Limitations concerning elections of directors by cumulative voting pursuant to § 214 ofthe DGCLProspective Application Only: Expense reimbursement bylaw shall not apply to elections forwhich any record date precedes its adoptionIn response to CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan, 953 A.2d 227 (Del. 2008)4

SECTION 145(f) – INDEMNIFICATION A legislative response to recent case law Schoon v. Troy Corp., 948 A.2d 1157 (Del. Ch. 2008) Protective of an indemnitee's rights A corporation cannot eliminate or impair an indemnitee’s right to indemnificationor advancement of expenses granted under a provision in the corporation’s charteror bylaws through an amendment to such provision adopted after the occurrence ofthe act or omission to which the indemnification or advancement of expensesrelates Charter and bylaw provisions remain relevant Consideration must be given to whether charter or bylaw provision in effect at thetime of the act or omission explicitly authorizes such elimination or impairment5

SECTION 213(a) – EMPTY VOTING Addresses concern with separating voting power from economic interest Empty voting potentially disrupts the presumed tendency of stockholders to vote ina manner that maximizes their ownership interests in the company Implicates tactics of hedge funds and others Permits a board of directors to fix a record date for voting separate from the record datefor notice of the stockholder meeting Must do so in advance No limit on proximity to the meeting But practical requirements may provide a limit (e.g., transfer agents, stockexchanges, proxy voting services) Decision to separate the record dates requires case-by-case analysis Delay of record date could facilitate affirmative votes on mergers Intervening events could be problematic6

SECTION 225(c) – JUDICIAL REMOVAL OF DIRECTORS Authorizes the Court of Chancery to remove a director in certain narrow circumstancesupon the application of a corporation or derivatively by a stockholder on behalf of acorporation When applicable? Convicted of a felony Judgment on the merits of a breach of the duty of loyalty In each case, if the Court of Chancery determines that the director did not actin good faith in performing the acts underlying the conviction or judgment andthat the removal of the director is necessary to avoid irreparable harm to thecorporation Purposely drafted very narrowly Expressly requires that the action be brought “subsequent” to the one in which theunderlying conviction or judgment is determined7

SEC PROPOSAL – FACILITATING SHAREHOLDER DIRECTOR NOMINATIONS (June 10, 2009) Proposed New Rule 14a-11 - Mandatory Proxy Access Number of Nominees Nominating Shareholder Eligibility Requirements The maximum number of nominees or board members that may result fromthe Rule 14a-11 process is the greater of 1 director or 25% of the boardNominating shareholder or shareholder group must own 1% of the votingsecurities of a public company with a market value greater than 700m. Theownership threshold is increased to 3% for a public company with a marketvalue between 75m and 700m and 5% for a public company with a marketvalue less than 75m.Nominating shareholder must have held its shares for one year and certify that(1) it will continue to hold its shares through the annual meeting and (2) it isnot holding its shares for the purpose of changing control or gaining more thanminority representation on the boardNominee Requirements Nominee's candidacy or, if elected, board membership must not violateapplicable laws and regulationsNominee must satisfy independence standards of the applicable securitiesexchange or associationNominee and nominating shareholder must not have a direct or indirectagreement with the company regarding the nomination8

SEC PROPOSAL – FACILITATING SHAREHOLDER DIRECTOR NOMINATIONS (June 10, 2009) Proposed New Rule 14a-11 - Mandatory Proxy Access (Cont.) Mechanics Nominating shareholder provides notice to the company through Schedule 14N,which is required to contain certain disclosures and representations regarding theaforementioned requirements Schedule 14N must be filed by the date specified in the company's advance noticebylaw, or, if none, no later than 120 days before the date of the prior year's annualmeeting Procedure analogous to Rule 14a-8 for excluding a shareholder nominee No opt-out Nominees may not be excluded for failure to comply with more restrictive eligibilitystandards or more extensive disclosure requirements contained in a company'scharter or bylaws9

SEC PROPOSAL – FACILITATING SHAREHOLDER DIRECTOR NOMINATIONS (June 10, 2009) Proposed Amendment to Rule 14a-8(i)(8) – Shareholder Proposals Regarding NominationProcedures or Disclosures Amended Rule 14a-8(i)(8) "election exclusion" would permit shareholder proposals thatwould amend, or request to amend, a company's charter or bylaws regarding nominationprocedures or disclosures related to shareholder nominations Shareholder proposal must not conflict with Rule 14a-11 (i.e., prevent a shareholder thatmeets the requirements of Rule 14a-11 from having its nominee included in thecompany's proxy materials) Amended Rule 14a-8(i)(8) would allow exclusion if the shareholder proposal: Would disqualify a nominee who is standing for election Would remove a director from office before his or her term expired Questions the competence, business judgment, or character of one or morenominees or directors Nominates a specific individual for election to the board of directors, other thanpursuant to Rule 14a-11, an applicable state law provision, or the company’sgoverning documents Otherwise could affect the outcome of the upcoming election of directors10

2009 Amendments to the DelawareGeneral Corporation Law“Preparing for Increased Shareholder Activism”Wednesday, July 1, 2009Barry H. GenkinChair – Business Department(genkin@blankrome.com)0

Current Trends Page 1Institutional investors and activists –common goalsGreater willingness to take aggressivepositionsStockholder focused governance as opposedto director focused governanceGreater stockholders demands on board ofdirectors and managementShareholder activism garnering greatersupport in courts and marketplace

Current Trends (Cont’d.) Expansion of hedge fund activismDisplaced investment bankers or researchanalysts augmenting hedge funds Hedge funds joining forces – emergence of “wolfpack” Greater press coverage Established relationships with financialcommunity More sophisticated strategic approachPage 2

Purposes of Proxy Contest Enhance Shareholder Value – Stock UndervaluedInfluence Board/Management – Take Action - “Sell”Gain Control (Without Buying Stock) – of BofDNo Premium to ShareholdersQuicker Timing than Other Methods – Short as aCouple of Months (Consent Solicitation)Lower Cost – Several Hundred ThousandAchieve a Quick SettlementPage 3

Legal/Regulatory Framework ArticlesBy-lawsState Law (Incorporation)Change-in-Control Documents – EmploymentAgreementsSEC Rules and Regulations §13 – Schedule 13D – Filing “Group”) Derivatives – UK – Cash Settled Derivative Positions(“Cads”) – (i.e. Contracts for Differences) Children's Investment Fund v CSX Corporation §14 – Proxy RulesPage 4

Proxy Contest Team – Company Side Page 5Selected Company OfficersBoard of Directors (or Committee)Lawyers (and Local Counsel)Investment BankersInvestor RelationsPublic RelationsProxy Soliciting Firm

Due Diligence on Target – VulnerabilityAssessment Undervalued – Stock TradingVulnerabilities Page 6Shareholder Action by Written ConsentAdvance Notice Provisions (CNET)Advance Notice Nomination Provisions (CNET)Rights Plan (“Poison” Pill)Staggered BoardCumulative Voting

Due Diligence on Target – VulnerabilityAssessment (Cont’d.) Vulnerabilities (Cont’d.) Removal of Directors With and Without Cause(and definition) and by Whom Size of Board Filling Vacancies Calling Special Meeting Amending Company By-laws (super majority) OtherPage 7

New Proxy Access Bylaw Should we, or should we not, adopt shareholder proxyaccess bylaws not one size fits all wait and see attitude preemptive adoption of a prudently drafted provision deter more extreme versions proposed by short-term oriented activistshareholders Federal Regulation of Securities Committee Illustrative Access Bylaw and Commentary – CL410000Page 8

Questions You Need to Ask? Page 9What do your long-term shareholdersdesireIs there confidence in managementAre you catering to the whims of shortterm oriented activist shareholdersAre you turning director elections into anexpensive, time consuming distraction

Questions You Need to Ask? (Cont’d.) Page 10What will be the impact of proxy accessbylawWill it facilitate special interests of certainshareholders or directorsWill the board’s normal functioning beimpairedWill it help/harm board’s interplay withshareholders

Questions You Need to Ask? (Cont’d.)Will it enhance or detract from attractingdirectors with the appropriate skill setIs the Company’s shareholder compositionsuch that it could defeat a proxy accessproposalWill adopting the proxy access proposal of theCompany’s choosing discourage morestringent ones from being profferedPage 11

Questions You Need to Ask? (Cont’d.)Given the timing of your 2009 annual meeting,can consideration be put off until next yearHow does the proxy access bylaw interplaywith other related provisions of acompany’s charter and bylawsWhat is the Company’s vulnerabilityassessmentWhat is the Company’s activist shareholderprofilePage 12

Important Provisions of a Proxy Access Bylawto Be Considered: Length of time for being a shareholder ofrecord (continuous ownership for 1 or 2 years) % ownership requirement (e.g. 5%) cover synthetic and derivative securities Require nomination/election not be part oftakeover proposal Information requirements UndertakingsPage 13

limit nomination to one (1) Signed undertaking Page 14Not reduce ownership interest below a certain levelComply with Charter/Bylaws and lawsIndemnificationLimit use of proxy cardStandstill for one (1) yearAgree to resign if violate agreement or provideinaccurate information

Strategy – From the Viewpoint of theInsurgent Page 15Knows companyHas been an investor for a whileRecognizes company undervaluedHas done a vulnerability analysisHas a game plan in mindBelieves he can be successful (or is a greatcard player)Will not easily go away

Strategy – From the Viewpoint of theInsurgent (Cont’d.) Page 16Will operate in stealth mode as long aspossible (13D loophole for swaps)Has likely left a trail of warning signsHas spoken to others (institutionalinvestors) who may share his viewsWilling to commit time and financialresources to the causeLikely has a track record of having donethis beforeUnderstands benefits of e proxy rules

Strategy – From Target’s Viewpoint Page 17Know thine enemy (do your homework)Be vigilant to warning signsBe realistic (don’t put on blinders or be indenial)Be prepared, be organized and have astrategyKnow your vulnerabilitiesFine tune strategic plan

Strategy – From Target’s Viewpoint Page 18Understand your shareholder base andmonitor stock movementsBe alert to communications from HedgeFundsHave a Plan A, B and CMaximize communication opportunitieswith RiskMetrics Inc. (ISS)The best defense is a good offenseBe nimble - ready to turn on a dime

Strategy – From Target’s Viewpoint(Cont’d.) Recognize time is not your friendCommit necessary time and resources early onGet support of Board/management early onKeep Board (or Committee) up to speed –communicate regularlyDon’t take eye off running the businessHave your team ready to hit the ground runningConsider pre-emptive communication planManage pressure to settlePage 19

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An M&A Lawyer’s Guide to the DGCL AmendmentsApril 2009Michael B. Tumas,John F. Grossbauerand Michael K. Reillyare partners in theWilmington, Delawarelaw firm of PotterAnderson & Corroon LLP.The views expressedare those of theauthors and may notbe representative ofthose of the firm or itsclients. This article waspublished in the Spring2009 issue of DealPoints: The Newsletterof the Committee onMergers and Acquisitionsof the Business LawSection of the AmericanBar Association.1313 North Market StreetP.O. Box 951Wilmington, DE 19899-0951(302) 984-6000www.potteranderson.comThe recently approved amendments to the General CorporationLaw of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”) have garnered significant publicinterest.1 Much of that interest has focused on certain amendments relatingto proxy access and proxy expense reimbursement. Although those particularamendments have received much of the attention, M&A counsel should bemindful of the impact of two other amendments on the negotiation of M&Atransactions. One amendment addresses the problem of “empty voting” andpermits a board of directors of a Delaware corporation to provide separaterecord dates for determining stockholders entitled to notice of and to vote atstockholder meetings, including meetings convened to vote on the approvaland adoption of a merger agreement. Another amendment implicates thenegotiation of indemnification and advancement rights of a target corporation’sformer officers and directors by expressly providing that pre-existingindemnification and advancement rights provided in a corporation’s governingdocuments cannot be impaired by later amendments to those documents.“Empty Voting” AmendmentsFor M&A counsel, the most salient issue to be addressed in the 2009amendments has its origins in the concern over the effects of “empty voting”.Empty voting most commonly occurs when a stockholder: (i) sells its sharesduring the period of time after the record date, (ii) acquires voting rights toa significant block of publicly traded stock without acquiring a comparableeconomic interest in the company prior to the date of a stockholder meeting,or (iii) simultaneously takes a short position that offsets the stockholder’seconomic interest in the company. By divorcing voting power from economicinterest, empty voting potentially disrupts the presumed tendency ofstockholders to vote in a manner that maximizes their ownership interests inthe company.Hedge funds and other large stockholders that are successful inborrowing a significant number of shares and/or shorting the underlyingstock may acquire enough voting power to swing a stockholder vote in theirfavor without having to take a comparable economic stake in the corporation.Under such circumstances, a significant number of shares could be voted ina manner that is inconsistent with the best interests of the corporation or itseconomic owners. For example, a hedge fund could borrow a large number ofshares prior to the record date for the vote on a proposed merger, vote againstthe merger and sell the shares short, resulting in a profit derived from theknowledge that the proposed merger would be defeated.1 The Governor of the State of Delaware has signed the amendments into law. The amendments willbecome effective on August 1, 2009.

An M&A Lawyer’s Guide to the DGCL Amendments 2One of the factors contributing to empty voting is the relatively long periodof time between the record date and the date of a stockholder meeting. Theamendments to Section 213(a) of the DGCL, which outline the process by whichcorporations may determine stockholders of record for purposes of stockholdermeetings, provide a partial answer to this issue by permitting a board of directors tofix a record date for voting separate from the record date for notice of the stockholdermeeting.2 In this way, a board may fix a record date for voting, at the time it fixesthe record date for notice, that is closer to the meeting date, and presumably morereflective of the stockholder base, than a record date that is as many as 60 days priorto the meeting date.The need to provide for notice well ahead of a meeting frequently occurs inthe case of votes to approve mergers and other similar matters requiring a longersolicitation period. This has sometimes led to difficulty in obtaining required majorityvotes in cases in which a large number of shares change hands following a recorddate because the holders of sold shares often fail to vote, and purchases in thepublic markets do not automatically carry with them associated authority to direct thevoting of shares acquired after the record date. Revised Section 213(a) of the DGCLprovides no limit on how close the voting record date may be to the meeting date. Forpublic companies, this will need to be determined in consultation with non-Delawareactors such as transfer agents, stock exchanges and proxy voting services.3For M&A counsel, the changes permitting the separation of the recorddates for purposes of voting and notice are significant. In connection with an M&Atransaction, counsel will need to consider whether a board of directors should set arecord date for the vote on a merger, at the time it sets the record date for the notice,so that it occurs closer to the time of the meeting. In general, setting the recorddate closer to the time of the meeting should have a positive effect on the outcomeof the vote, as the stockholders of record closer to the date of the vote should havean economic incentive to vote in favor of the merger. It is conceivable, however, thatthere could be particular circumstances in which a merger could be defeated as aresult of a change in circumstance between the time of the notice of the meeting andthe time of the vote.4 As a result, any decision to bifurcate the record dates should bedone on a case-by-case basis depending on the particular circumstances.2 The changes in Section 213 necessitate conforming changes to a number of other sections to include theconcept of different record dates for determining entitlement to notice and to exercise voting rights. Theseinclude Sections 211, 219, 222, 228, 262 and 275 of the DGCL.3 The amendments to Section 213(a) of the DGCL also add language applying the separation of notice andvoting record dates to adjourned meetings.4 Not only late arriving offers from competing bidders, but also other late breaking news relating to the valueof the target corporation (or other information) could lead to a rejection of a merger transaction. For example, adifferent result on a merger vote would have been likely in the merger involving Transkaryotic Therapies, Inc. SeeIn re Transkaryotic Therapies, Inc., 954 A.2d 346 (Del. Ch. 2006) and In re Appraisal of Transkaryotic Therapies,Inc., 2007 Del. Ch. LEXIS 57 (Del. Ch. Feb. 9, 2007). After the record date but prior to the vote on the merger,the target corporation learned of extraordinarily positive results for one of its pharmaceutical products. Themerger was approved by a slim margin. If the record date for the vote occurred after the announcement of thelate breaking news, the approval of the merger would have been placed in doubt.

An M&A Lawyer’s Guide to the DGCL Amendments 3Indemnification and Advancement RightsThe amendments also include a revision to Section 145(f) of the DGCL thatadopts a default rule that is contrary to that articulated by the Court of Chancery inSchoon v. Troy Corp.5 In connection with M&A transactions, the revision is significantfor purposes of negotiating indemnification and advancement rights of former officersand directors of target corporations.In Schoon, the Court of Chancery held that a board of directors can amend acorporation’s bylaws to eliminate indemnification or advancement rights for claimsrelating to actions taken prior to such amendment, provided that no claim has actuallybeen made against the indemnitees before the amendment is adopted. In Schoon,William J. Bohnen (“Bohnen”), a former director of Troy Corporation (“Troy”), pursuedclaims for advancement in connection with defending threatened and pendingfiduciary duty claims asserted by Troy. Bohnen was the director-nominee of SteelInvestment Company (“Steel”) from 1988 until February 2005, at which time RichardW. Schoon (“Schoon”) replaced Bohnen. In September 2005, Steel and Schoon suedTroy for access to certain books and records under Section 220 of the DGCL. Shortlythereafter, in November 2005, Troy’s board of directors amended the bylaws toremove the word “former” from its definition of the directors entitled to advancement.6In early 2006, Troy initiated fiduciary duty claims against Bohnen and Schoon, allegingthat the former and current directors provided proprietary information to Steel incontravention of their fiduciary obligations to Troy.While the proceedings were pending, Bohnen and Schoon formally demandedadvancement of their fees and expenses in defending the fiduciary duty claims. TheCourt of Chancery determined that, as a former director, Bohnen was not entitledto advancement under the amended bylaws. Bohnen argued that his rights in thepre-amendment bylaws, which granted former directors the right to advancement,vested before the adoption of the amendment.7 The Court of Chancery rejected thisargument and found that the right to advancement vests upon the triggering of thecorporation’s obligations. Thus, even though the alleged breaches occurred beforethe bylaw amendments, because Bohnen was not named as a defendant until afterthe Troy board amended the bylaws (nor was there any evidence that Troy was evencontemplating claims against him prior to the amendments), his rights under the pre-5 948 A.2d 1157 (Del. Ch. 2008).6 Id. at 1161.7 Id. at 1165. In support of his argument, Bohnen cited Salaman v. National Media Corp., 1992 Del. Super.LEXIS 564 (Del. Super. Oct. 8, 1992), wherein the Superior Court granted advancement rights to a director forfees incurred in connection with defending a breach of fiduciary duty claim. In that case, after advancing theplaintiff a portion of his fees, the defendant corporation amended its bylaws to repeal the basis for the claimedright and then refused any further advancement. The Salaman Court rejected the corporation’s argument thatit could amend the bylaws to deny Salaman his preexisting right to advancement, holding that the corporationcould not “unilaterally rescind a vested contract right upon which Salaman relied.” Id. at *17. In the instantcase, however, Bohnen “fail[ed] to acknowledge that the Court only upheld Salaman’s right to advancementbecause he was named as a defendant before the bylaw was amended.” Schoon, 948 A.2d at 1166 (emphasisadded).

An M&A Lawyer’s Guide to the DGCL Amendments 4amendment bylaws had not been triggered.8Schoon heightened the concerns with respect to the protection of theindemnification and advancement rights of a target corporation’s officers anddirectors following the effective time of a merger. The amendment to Section 145(f)of the DGCL adopts a statutory rule that alleviates those concerns. Specifically,pursuant to revised Section 145(f) of the DGCL, a corporation cannot eliminate orimpair an indemnitee’s right to indemnification or advancement of expenses grantedunder a provision in the corporation’s certificate of incorporation or bylaws through anamendment to such provision adopted after the occurrence of the act or omission towhich the indemnification or advancement of expenses relates.Such an amendment eliminating indemnification or advancement rights maybe permitted, however, if the provision in the certificate of incorporation or bylawin effect at the time of the act or omission includes language expressly authorizingsuch elimination or limitation. It remains important, therefore, for counsel in M&Atransactions to carefully scrutinize the existing governing documents of the targetcorporation and to negotiate the relevant provisions of the merger agreement in lightof the particular context.Other AmendmentsThe other amendments to the DGCL, although significant and generatingintense interest, are of less significance in the context of negotiated M&Atransactions. Those amendments create new Sections 112 and 113 of the DGCL thatexpressly permit Delaware corporations to adopt bylaws implementing proxy accessand requiring reimbursement of stockholder proxy expenses in certain circumstances,as well as a new provision permitting judicial removal of directors under specifiedcircumstances.Ac

Jul 01, 2009 · 5 SECTION 145(f) – INDEMNIFICATION A legislative response to recent case law Schoon v. Troy Corp., 948 A.2d 1157 (Del. Ch. 2008) Protective of an indemnitee's rights A corporation cannot eliminate or impair an indemnitee’s right to indemnification or advancement of expenses granted under a provision in the corporation’s charter or

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