Fall 2015 Vol. 103, No. 4 Mobot

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M i s souriB otan icalG ar den1bulletinFall 2015Vol. 103, No. 4www.mobot.orgMissouri Botanical Garden BulletinFall 2015

Did you know?photo by Koraley NorthenYour membership provides critical support for our international andlocal plant science and conservation work, and Garden membershipscontribute 20% of our annual operating funds.President’sCommentSeems like summer is always a busy time ofyear—lots of activities, travel, and festivals.And summer at the Missouri Botanical Garden,Sophia M. Sachs Butterfly House, and ShawNature Reserve was no different. In additionto the wide variety of classes, concerts, andmember events we offer every year, this summerwe also hosted our second Chinese LanternFestival. The exhibit, which celebrated China’smagnificent flora and the Garden’s work todiscover and protect it, was so popular that weextended it by a week.Through it all, conservation work continueslocally and throughout the world, and we areexcited to be a part of some of these efforts.From ex situ conservation inside the Climatron(see page 16) and cataloging the species at theReserve (see page 15) to St. Louis’s Milkweedsfor Monarchs Workshop (see page 7) andconservation in Madagascar and Gabon (seepages 4 and 5), efforts range in size and reach.But make no mistake; they are all importantto secure a healthy, biodiverse world for futuregenerations.As the seasons begin to change, you’ll alsosee changes at the Garden. Most noticeably,renovation of the Brookings InterpretiveCenter begins this fall (see page 9) as part ofour Garden for the World campaign. Whetherit’s through the expansion and enhancementof one of our popular year-round attractionsfor school groups and families or bringing thepower of plants to those who can’t visit us (seepage 17), the Garden is committed to providingeducational opportunities for visitors of all agesand abilities to engage with, learn about, andlove plants.Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson,President2Plus, as a Garden member: You receive free admission for two adults and all children (12 andyounger) at Shaw Nature Reserve and the Butterfly House. Special Member Days offer you exclusive activities, tram rides, anddiscounts in the shops and café. The Children’s Garden is free to you all day Tuesday (April–October). You are eligible for free or reduced-price admission to over 300botanical gardens and arboreta across the U.S. and Canada.Visit www.mobot.org/membership, email membership@mobot.org,or call (314) 577-5118 to learn more.Board of TrusteesOfficersLelia J. FarrChairPeter S. Wyse Jackson,PresidentMA, PhD, FLSPeter H. Raven, President EmeritusPhDMembersMrs. Walter F. Ballinger IICatherine B. BergesDaniel A. BurkhardtArnold W. DonaldSharon D. FiehlerRobert R. Hermann, Jr.David M. HolloDavid W. KemperCharles E. KopmanCarolyn W. LososDaniel J. LudemanW. Stephen MaritzCynthia S. PetersNicholas L. RedingSteven C. Roberts, Sr.Marsha J. RusnackRakesh SachdevStephen C. SachsScott C. SchnuckThad W. SimonsRex A. SinquefieldMichael K. Stern, PhDAndrew C. TaylorEugene M. ToombsJosephine WeilRobert M. Williams, Jr.Ex OfficioThomas F. George, PhDBenjamin H. HulseyFred P. Pestello, PhDThe Honorable Francis G. SlayBishop George Wayne SmithThe Honorable Steven V. StengerRick SullivanMark S. Wrighton, PhDMembers EmeritiClarence C. BarksdaleJohn H. BiggsStephen F. BrauerWilliam H. T. BushBert Condie IIIProf. Sir Peter R. Crane FRSL. B. Eckelkamp, Jr.M. Peter Fischer*Marilyn R. FoxRobert R. HermannEdward D. HigginsPaula M. KeinathRosalyn H. KlingRobert E. KreskoHal A. KroegerJune M. KummerJames S. McDonnell IIICheryl MorleyEvelyn Edison NewmanRoy PfautchMabel L. Purkerson, MDPeggy RitterJoseph F. ShaughnessyNancy R. SiwakRobert B. Smith IIINora R. SternWilliam K. Tao, DScJack E. ThomasJane S. TschudyJohn K. Wallace, Jr.O. Sage Wightman IIIRoma B. WittcoffHonorarySurinder (Suri) Sehgal, PhDMembers’ BoardMary Kay Denning, PresidentMary Ella Alfring*Ann M. BowenEileen M. CarrSue CohenKristen Cornett KnappJean CorseJeanne P. CrawfordAngela DaltonJeanie C. DavisEllen DubinskyKathy DurelAudrey FeuerbacherMichael C. HeimJanet HennesseyJanice A. HermannLeslie P. HoodLaure B. HullversonMaureen R. JenningsEllen E. JonesCeleste KennedyLynn KoenemanMartha LaFataJanet B. LangeStepanie LittlefieldMary V. LongraisVirginia McCookParker McMillanIsabelle C. MorrisJanet MikaAnita D. O’ConnellSue B. OertliSue M. RappSusan N. RoweMarsha J. RusnackBetty SalihMary Lee Salzer-LutzNancy L. SauerhoffSusie Littmann SchulteDavid SchulzCarol A. SquiresSusan Squires GoldschmidtPatricia SteinerNora R. SternElizabeth TeasdaleJane S. TschudyNorma WilliamsDebbie WilhelmDouglas R. WolterBotanical Garden Subdistrict of theMetropolitan Zoological Park andMuseum DistrictYemi Susan Akande-BartschAdrian E. BracyJohn C. McPheetersMarcia B. MellitzBrian A. MurphyMartin Schweig, Jr.Pamela ShephardMarjorie M. WeirFrancis YuehHillary B. ZimmermanN on-voting advisory members:Janice M. NelsonJames H. Yemm*deceasedMissouri Botanical Garden BulletinFall 2015

Hours and AdmissionFor our current hours and admission prices atour three locations, visit www.mobot.org,www.butterflyhouse.org, andwww.shawnature.org.ContentsContactMissouri Botanical Garden4344 Shaw Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63110(314) 577-5100 www.mobot.orgOn the CoverStiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida), a Missourinative that blooms in the fall. Find this and manyother native species at Shaw Nature Reserve.Photo by JJ Mueller.9InnovativeMakeoverCreditsEditor/Designer: Andrea Androuais 2015 Missouri Botanical GardenThe Bulletin is a benefit of Garden membership.The BULLETIN (ISSN 0026-6507) is publishedquarterly by the Missouri Botanical Garden,4344 Shaw Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63110.Periodicals postage paid at St. Louis, MO.Expansion and renovation ofthe Brookings InterpretiveCenter begin this fall.13The NewPlantLabPOSTMASTER: Please send address changesto Bulletin, Missouri Botanical Garden,P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299The greenhouse-like classroomfor hands-on learning.SustainabilityThe Missouri Botanical GardenBulletin is printed on papercontaining 100% post-consumer recycledcontent, that is, paper that you might haveplaced in the recycle bin in your home or officethis year. It is manufactured using biogas,a renewable energy source. We print locally,so there is no long-haul transportation, andwe’re reinvesting in our community. We workhard to choose the most environmentallyresponsible paper around. So if you aren’tquite ready to go completely electronic withour online version, you can still enjoy yourpaper Bulletin in good conscience. Onceyou’ve read it, please recycle.President’s Comment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Butterfly House. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Shaw Nature Reserve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Horticulture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Member Events. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Shop & Dine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19The Story of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Commemorative Gifts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Why I Give. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23photo by Nathan WagnerTO-GO Calendar3To discover and share knowledgeabout plants and their environmentin order to preserve and enrich life.– mission of the Missouri Botanical GardenMissouri Botanical Garden BulletinFall 2015

NewsIn Memoriam:Blanton Whitmire andLeo DreyLeo Drey was a savvybusinessman, World War II veteran,and a passionate conservationistof Missouri’s Ozark forests. In theThe Missouri Botanical Garden1950s, he purchased great swathshonors the lives of philanthropistsof Ozark timber land from lumberBlanton Whitmire and Leo Drey,companies who frequently clearwho both passed away in May.cut the acreage. Leo, on the otherBlanton Whitmire was a wellhand, worked with forestry expertsknown businessman, World War II to manage the land by cuttingveteran, and supporter of a varietyindividual trees. This selective useof causes and organizations. Heallowed the remaining trees towas president of Whitmire Research grow taller, thicker, and healthier,Laboratories, an innovator in thepreserving the forest ecosystem.pest-control field, particularlyWith this great success, Leoregarding environmental concerns.helped form the Open SpaceAt the Garden, Blanton is bestCouncil in 1965 and the Missouriknown for his extraordinaryCoalition for the Environment ininvolvement with Shaw Nature1969. He was also instrumentalReserve. He and his wife Margaret in the congressional establishment“Peg” Whitmire became membersof the Ozark National Scenicof the Garden in 1974 andRiverways national park. Heconnected with the Reserve onacquired and protected significantmany levels. In the 1980s, Blantonnational areas that became stateworked with the Reserve to createmanaged historic sites and parks.the five-acre Whitmire WildflowerLeo and his wife Kay, aGarden to showcase the diversity of prominent environmental, civilMissouri native wildflowers.rights, and anti-nuclear activistOriginally conceived as awho partnered with him on manybirthday gift for his beloved Peg,initiatives, have also been membersthe Whitmire Wildflower Gardenand donors to the Garden for moreis enjoyed by thousands of Reservethan 50 years.visitors every year. It also hostsGarden Receives Grant forclasses and programs all year longfor casual gardeners, PhD-levelPilot Conservation Projectresearchers, and everyone inThis year, the Garden launchedbetween. Throughout his life,the project “Developing the ApproachBlanton continued to support theto Identify High-Conservation Valuewildflower garden and other facetsAreas for the Flora and Vegetationof the Reserve’s work in science,of Gabon.” The project benefitsconservation, and education.from the support of the PrinceMany members of the ReserveAlbert II of Monaco Foundationteam consider him a friend, and he(www.fpa2.com), which awardedwill be greatly missed.the Garden 200,000 euros4(or 222,000 USD) to identify areasof conservation importance basedon the botanical data gathered andanalyzed by Garden researchers.The three-year project willalso have a broader impact forGabon’s conservation efforts.The approach can be applied toprimates, birds, and other elementsof the country’s biodiversity todevelop a national conservationanalysis. “This model will serveas the pilot for doing this at anindividual country level or evenat a regional level,” says Dr. PeteLowry, Senior Curator and Directorof the Africa and MadagascarProgram at the Garden. “With thisinformation, governments can makedecisions related to establishingnational parks and which parts offorestry concessions to set aside forconservation.”With about 650 endemic speciesof the 4,500 recorded to date,Gabon has a rich flora. However, itis estimated that the total is close to7,000 species—many unknown toscience and waiting in unexploredareas. The Garden’s program aimsto document the country’s botanicaldiversity and assist in production ofthe Flora of Gabon in collaborationwith the National Herbarium ofGabon and the Herbarium of theBotanic Garden Meise in Belgium.The project is co-funded bythe Garden, the World WildlifeFund, the Wildlife ConservationSociety, and the Université Libre deBruxelles, where Assistant Curatorand project coordinator Dr. TariqStévart is based.Missouri Botanical Garden BulletinFall 2015

Dr. Croat has collected more than 100,000 specimensin the field and built up the world’s largest collectionof Araceae at the Garden. (photo by Kat Niehaus)Dr. Tom Croat ReceivesNSF’s OPUS GrantEarlier this year, the NationalScience Foundation (NSF)awarded Dr. Tom Croat, P.A.Schulze Curator of Botany at theGarden, a 105,135 grant underits Opportunities for PromotingUnderstanding through Synthesis(OPUS) program. OPUS’s goal is tocompile a body of related researchprojects done over an extendedperiod of time. In Dr. Croat’scase, it means gathering all theinformation he’s collected for morethan 50 years to describe about3,000 species of plants, mostlyfrom Araceae.The aroid family is highly soughtafter for ornamental purposes. It isalso an important tool in teachingbiology due to the many uniquefeatures the plants exhibit, such asthe production of heat and a widearray of flower types and pollinationsystems. “In all the years I’ve beenworking with aroids, I can say thatI can’t go anywhere without finding5Anadabolava–Betsimalaho Thicket, one of the new protected areas included in the new decrees, is one of theGarden’s conservation sites in Madagascar. (photo courtesy of Dr. Chris Birkinshaw)Protecting Madagascar’sPriority AreasSenior Vice President of Scienceand Conservation Dr. Jim Miller.“The Missouri Botanical Gardenhas been involved throughout theprocess working with local partnersto advocate for protection anddevelop management plans.”After identifying the areas, theGarden became directly involvedin working to conserve the mostimportant ones by establishing 12new reserves over the years. TheGarden continues to collaboratewith local communities to overseetheir management.new species,” Dr. Croat says. “It’sastonishing how many there are andhow many are still undescribed.”While they are rich in species,aroids are also highly endemic.“Many species are going extinct—some new to science—and the onlyway to conserve them is to protectthe forests where they live,” he says.The project will producetaxonomic descriptions of anestimated 2,700 species ofAnthurium and Philodendron,which are the two largest Araceaegenera and make up about 45% ofthe entire family. Dr. Croat will alsotrain botanists in Latin Americawho are interested in aroids.The government in Madagascarrecently issued a series of decreesformally establishing 94 newprotected areas. Of those, 41 wereoriginally identified by the Gardenmore than 10 years ago as prioritiesof plant conservation. The decreescome as part of the government’seffort to triple the size ofconservation areas in the country.“This is an important step forwardfor conservation of both species andlandscapes in Madagascar,” saysMissouri Botanical Garden BulletinFall 2015

News cont.Garden Honors VolunteersThe Garden would not be theworld-renowned institution itis today without its dedicatedvolunteers. In 2014, more than1,800 people volunteered morethan 148,000 hours of service atthe Garden—the equivalent of 76full-time staff.The Garden celebrated thisremarkable service during theVolunteer Appreciation Evening onMay 18 and the Volunteer ServiceRecognition Luncheon on June 3.“We couldn’t run the Garden,the Butterfly House, or ShawNature Reserve without you,”Garden President Dr. Peter WyseJackson told the group at theluncheon. “It is thanks to you thatso much of our work is possible.”To learn more about volunteeropportunities, please visitwww.mobot.org/volunteer.Garden and DanforthCenter Holding JointSymposiumThis fall, for the first time sinceits inaugural symposium in 1953,the Garden will join the DanforthPlant Science Center and hosta joint symposium titled “FromDarwin to Borlaug: Biocomplexityin Natural and AgriculturalSystems.” It will be the 62nd annualand 17th annual symposia for theGarden and the Danforth PlantScience Center, respectively.The event, happening October8–10, will consist of 16 talks,half of them taking place on theDanforth Plant Science Center’scampus in Creve Coeur on Thursday630years30 years–Rosemary Murphy, Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson,and Suze Stark; not pictured: Jean Beck40years40 years–Joanne Fogarty, Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson20years20 years–back row, from left: Elaine Bante, Virginia Horrell, Dick Cone, Mary Jo Nowobilski, Irene Hercules, DaveHorton, Don Kinsey, Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson, Marilyn Chryst, Lucyann Boston, Todd Schroeder, Mary Smidt, GordonGosh; front row, from left: Judy Lincoln, Suzanne Moak, Angie Menard, Sonya Kendrick, Virginia Noe, Sophie Connor,Maud Jeanty, Bernice Raineri; not pictured: Jim Schuck, Lynn Slackman, Leigh Walker.10years10 years–front row, from left: Loretta Claes, Judy Headley, Mary Neher, Sally Carpenter, Jim Davis, Dr. Peter WyseJackson, Lynda Sharpe, Pat Jones, Arlene Nazzoli, Mike Schade; back row, from left: Lee Erickson, Gail Cammarata,Frank Frawley, Christopher Schulte, Ann Tansey, Jan Moran, Carol Agatstein, Marlena Gregory; not pictured: BetsyAlexander, Bonnie Bailes, Barbie Brueggemann, Cynthia Corley Crapsey, Holly Currier, Suzanne Dorris, Gina Fusco,Katie Garner, Ann Gulick, Peggy Knippel, Anna Leavey, Frank Luechtefeld, Patty Mendicino, Mary Mertz, Jon Newell,Lucy Ryan, Kathy Simons, Anna Thornhill, Linn Wells (photos by Ryan Lay)Missouri Botanical Garden BulletinFall 2015

and part of Friday, and the otherhalf taking place at the Garden onFriday evening and Saturday.The talks will cover a widerange of topics, each presentedby one expert in agriculture andone in natural populations. “Ingeneral, we don’t have the sameaudience, but we know we canlearn a lot from each other,” saysDr. Peter Hoch, Garden Curatorand lead organizer of the Garden’ssymposium. “This joint symposiumwill allow us to bring togethergroups of people that don’t often gettogether.” For more information,visit www.mobot.org/symposium.Japanese FestivalCelebrates AnniversariesThis year’s Japanese Festivalwill commemorate two keymilestones. The Niji Choral Groupis celebrating its 25th anniversary,and this year’s performance willinclude well-known songs featuringJapanese instruments such as theKoto, Shamisen, and Jabisen.The Kimono Show will celebrateits 30th anniversary. For thosethree decades, one person has beenthe force behind the exhibition:Ms. Hatsuko Eilers. “Few festivalparticipants have contributed somuch time, effort, and expertise,”says Dave Lowry, Chairman of theJapanese Activities Committee.“Ms. Eiler’s unfailing charm, grace,and commitment will remain alasting legacy to the Garden.”Don’t miss the Japanese Festivalthis Labor Day weekend! Visitwww.mobot.org/japanesefestivalfor tickets and event information.7Susan Raney, Science Curriculum Specialist for St. LouisPublic Schools, planted milkweed in the Garden’smonarch garden as part of the community workshop.(photo by Ryan Lay)Milkweeds BringingCommunities TogetherThis summer, the Gardenhosted the 2015 Milkweeds forMonarchs Community Workshopin partnership with the City ofSt. Louis, the Saint Louis Zoo,and BiodiverseCity St. Louis.More than 75 local educators andcommunity leaders participatedin this one-day event to envisiontheir neighborhoods as naturerich places. “Schools are usuallyhubs within their community, sowe wanted to bring together botheducators and local neighborhoodstabilization specialists to sharedifferent perspectives of what’simportant for their communitythrough the lens of a naturalhabitat,” says Sheila Voss, VicePresident of Education.The event was part of thecapacity-building efforts ofMilkweeds for Monarchs: TheSt. Louis Butterfly Project, andactivities included the plantingof a monarch garden on Gardengrounds and information sessionsabout monarchs, butterflyattracting plants, and citizenscience opportunities. “I feelmore confident to spread theword in my community aboutthe importance of milkweedsand share with them that this ishealthy for the environment andbeneficial to everyone,” says JoeJones, Neighborhood ImprovementSpecialist for the City of St. Louis’s1st Ward. Attendees also walkedaway with lesson plans and mapsshowcasing existing communityassets and potential plans to be apart of this city-wide effort.The workshop, along withschool/community monarch gardeninstallations and programmingthroughout the coming year, issupported by a grant from the U.S.Fish & Wildlife Service.Updated Display GardensOffer Native AlternativesVisitors walking through thesouth end of the William T. KemperCenter for Home Gardening willnotice a few changes startingthe fall. First, the middle sectionof the Lucy and Stanley LopataPrairie Garden will feature shortervariations of native plants

2015 Missouri Botanical Garden The Bulletin is a benefit of Garden membership. The BULLETIN (ISSN 0026-6507) is published quarterly by the Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63110. Periodicals postage paid at St. Louis, MO. POSTMASTER: Please send address changes to Bulletin, Missouri Botanical Garden,

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