Structure And Funcon - Weebly

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Structure and Func8on Anatomy– Describes the structures of the body What they are made of Where they are located Associated structures Physiology– Is the study of Func8ons of anatomical structures Individual and coopera8ve func8onsCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomy and Physiology Integrated Anatomy– Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy,examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: groups of organs working together Developmental anatomy: from concep8on to death Clinical anatomy: medical special8esCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomy and Physiology Integrated Anatomy– Microscopic anatomy examines cells andmolecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt‐ cell Histology: study of 8ssues and their structuresCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomy and Physiology Integrated Physiology– Cell physiology: processes within and betweencells– Special physiology: func8ons of specific organs– Systemic physiology: func8ons of an organ system– Pathological physiology: effects of diseasesCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8on The Chemical (or Molecular) Level– Atoms are the smallest chemical units– Molecules are a group of atoms working together The Cellular Level– Cells are a group of atoms, molecules, and organellesworking together The Tissue Level– Tissues are a group of similar cells working together The Organ Level– An organ is a group of different 8ssues working togetherCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8on The Organ System Level– Organ systems are a group of organs workingtogether– Humans have 11 organ systems The Organism Level– A human is an organismCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onFIGURE 1–1 Levels of Organiza8on.Copyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Levels of Organiza8onCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Homeostasis Homeostasis: all body systems workingtogether to maintain a stable internalenvironment– Systems respond to external and internal changesto func8on within a normal range (bodytemperature, fluid balance)Copyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical Terminology Superficial Anatomy– Anatomical posi?on: hands at sides, palmsforward– Supine: lying down, face up– Prone: lying down, face downCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical Terminology Superficial Anatomy– Anatomical Landmarks References to palpable structures– Anatomical Regions Body regions Abdominopelvic quadrants Abdominopelvic regions– Anatomical Direc?ons Reference terms based on subjectCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyFIGURE 1–6 Anatomical Landmarks. PosteriorCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyFIGURE 1–6 Anatomical Landmarks. AnteriorCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyFIGURE 1–6 Anatomical Landmarks. AnteriorCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyFIGURE 1–6 Anatomical Landmarks. PosteriorCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyFIGURE 1–8 Direc8onal References. An Anterior View.Copyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyFIGURE 1–9 Sec8onal Planes.Copyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Anatomical TerminologyCopyright 2009 PearsonEduca8on, Inc., publishing asPearson Benjamin Cummings

Pearson Benjamin Cummings Anatomy and Physiology Integrated Anatomy – Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: groups of organs working

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