2011 Poverty Simulation PowerPoint - Weber State University

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Walking in YourStudent’s ShoesIn search of educational strategies tobreak poverty’s cycleByMarilú DuncanFall, 2011Based on Dr. Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty

Some Elements of Poverty Poverty is not a choice Poverty occurs in all aspects of life Poverty touches race, ethnicity andsocial class Poverty can become a way of life Poverty is relative Poverty can be overcome

Operational Definitions Poverty is wanting in material riches orgoods Poverty is the lack of resources to coverbasic needs Poverty is the extent to which a person cansurvive without resources

Framework Financial aspects Social aspects Intellectual aspects Emotional aspects Spiritual aspects Communication aspects

Financial Aspects JoblessVarious lowlow-paying jobsShort--term jobsShortOne salary for large householdNo access to discountdiscount-bulk storesNo safety net: savings, credit, etc.

Social Aspects Lost maternal language Single parenting Encounters with lawrepresentatives SelfSelf--destructive individualbehaviors Dangerous group behaviors Lack of positive role models

Intellectual aspects Low academic level Low academic expectations No access to cultural media Written illiteracy

Emotional Aspects Life happens in the present Generational pain Response only to instantgratification ShortShort--lived childhood Low selfself-esteem Lack of hope

Spiritual Aspects Declining knowledge of traditionalbeliefs Conflicting religious promises Apparent uselessness of religion aslife support Emergence of easy money as lifesupport

Communication Aspects Registers of language Discourse patterns Story structure Three voices Nonverbal communication Noise

Registers of LanguageA register is a variety of a language used for a particularpurpose or in a particular social setting.The appropriate language register depends upon theaudience (who), the topic (what), the purpose (why), andthe context (where).Most languages have five Intimate

Discourse patternsThe organization in which the speakerpresents information Formal register:register: speaker gets directly to thepoint Casual register:register: speaker goes around orthrough a tangent beforegetting to the point

Story StructureThe organization of the narrative Formal register:beginning, plot, wrapping up Casual register:beginning, audience participation,tangent, audience participation,wrapping up

Three voices Child Voice:Defensive, victimized, whining, manipulative, negative nonnonverbal, prevents resolution. Can be playful ,spontaneous, curious. Parent Voice:Judgmental, bossy, punitive, authoritative, demanding,win--lose mentality. Can be loving and supportive.win Adult Voice:Factual, nonnon-judgmental, question format, winwin-winmentality

Some Hidden Ruleson Use of Money WEALTH: Conserve and invest MIDDLE CLASS: Manage POVERTY: Spend

Some Hidden Ruleson Time WEALTH: PastPast-oriented, traditions andhistory determine decisions MIDDLE CLASS: FutureFuture-oriented, futureramifications determine decisions POVERTY: PresentPresent-oriented, circumstancesand survival determine decisions

Some Hidden Ruleson Education WEALTH: Necessary tradition for makingand maintaining connections MIDDLE CLASS: Crucial for climbingsuccess ladder POVERTY: Perceived as goal but not asreality

Some Hidden Ruleson Driving Force WEALTH: financial, political, socialconnections MIDDLE CLASS: work, personalachievement POVERTY: Survival, relationships,entertainment

Poverty Richness! Community/ group orientedResourcefulnessElders & children are valuedSense of humorAwareness of selfValue natural knowledgePlayfulnessGenerosity/ Solidarity

Reasons for Leaving Poverty Goal vision Painful situation Specific talent or ability Support of “mentor”

Relationship DynamicsStephen Covey’s emotional bank* Deposits Seek first to understandKeeping promisesKindness, courtesiesClarifying expectationsLoyalty to the absentApologiesOpen to feedback Withdrawals Seek first to be understoodBreaking promisesUnkidnesses, discourtesiesViolating expectationsDisloyalty, duplicityPride, conceit, arroganceRejecting feedback* The Seven habits of Highly EffectivePeople.

Deposits & Withdrawalsfor students living in poverty Deposits Withdrawals Appreciation for humor Put downs o sarcasm& entertainmentabout humor of individualprovided by individual Acceptance of what Insistence and demandsindividual cannot sayfor full explanation aboutabout situationsituation Respect for demands Insistence on the middlemiddleand Priorities ofclass view ofrelationshipsrelationships

Deposits & Withdrawalsfor students living in poverty (continued) Using adult voice Assisting with goalgoalsetting Identifying options,available resources Understandingimportance of personalfreedom, speech,personality Using parent voice Telling the individualhis/her goals Making judgments onvalue and availabilityof resources Assigning pejorativecharacter traits toindividual

Some Points to Remember Poverty and lack of intelligence are notsynonyms Poverty and lack of values are not synonyms Individuals are doing the best they can with whatthey know and have Attitudes are integral part of culture and beliefsystem Many people stay in poverty because they don’tknow other choices

School is a safe place to learn middle class rules Formal register and direct discourse need to betaught Relationship between language, academicsuccess and jobs, need to be taught Hidden rules need to be directly taught Educators need to assume role modelresponsibility Educators need to take the lead buildingrelationships with students

break poverty’s cycle By Marilú Duncan Fall, 2011 Based on Dr. Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty. Some Elements of Poverty Poverty is not a choice Poverty occurs in all aspects of life Poverty touches race, ethnicity and social class Poverty can become a way of life

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