Biodiversity Conservation Trust Revegetation Plan Template

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BiodiversityConservation TrustRevegetation plantemplateTemplate for guiding best practice revegetationOctober 20201

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateContentsIntroduction. 2Revegetation plan template guidance . 3Establish revegetation objectives . 4Planting thresholds . 4Seed and plant supply . 5Revegetation management . 7Capacity to deliver works . 10Monitoring . 10Works schedule . 11Risk analysis summary table . 11Budget . 13Revegetation plan template . 14Establish revegetation objectives for whole of BSA . 14Planting thresholds . 14Outline seed and plant supply requirements . 14Revegetation management (MZ x) . 17Capacity to deliver works . 21Monitoring . 22Works schedule . 23Risk analysis summary table . 24Budget . 251

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateIntroductionWho is this template for?This best practice revegetation plan template is to assist Accredited Assessors in implementingBiodiversity Assessment Method (BAM) requirements for native vegetation and habitat management, andaugmentation activities as they relate to ‘13.3.3 - Active restoration management actions’ of the BAM. Itwill however also be useful as a decision tool for anyone planning supplementary planting or revegetationactivities on public and private land across NSW.Completion of the revegetation plan template will be a requirement for any biodiversity stewardshipagreement (BSA) application if supplementary planting is proposed for more than 100ha, and where anassessment of site constraints deem the proposal as high risk.The Biodiversity Conservation Trust (BCT) will reserve the right to require the template be used forproposals less than 100ha and where an assessment of site constraints deem the proposal as high risk,or requiring further supporting evidence.The Accredited Assessor will have collated information in accordance with Appendix 2 of the BAMOperational Manual Stage 3. This information will provide detailed guidance on the likely success of theproposed supplementary planting, identified constraints and areas of risk, and through doing so, met theobligations outlined in BAM section 13.3.3 - Active restoration management actions.This best practice revegetation plan template is a supporting document to the BCT’s Restoring NativeVegetation Guidelines for assisted regeneration and revegetation.Guideline StructureThis document has two sections:Section 1 is supporting information and instructions to assist complete the template.Section 2 is the best practice revegetation plan template that provides tables and fields for theAccredited Assessor to complete in order to demonstrate consideration of all factors relating to theeffectiveness and practicality of supplementary planting in the relevant management zone(s).Glossary of AcronymsAPZs – Asset Protection ZonesARMA - Active restoration management actionsBAM – Biodiversity Assessment MethodBAM-C - Biodiversity Assessment Method Credit CalculatorBCT – NSW Biodiversity Conservation TrustBSA - Biodiversity stewardship agreementBSSAR - Biodiversity Stewardship Site Assessment ReportPCT - Plant Community TypeSPA – Seed Production AreaSMART – Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-boundVI – Vegetation Integrity scoreWHS – Work Health and Safety2

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateRevegetation plan template guidanceThis section includes supporting information to assist in completing the template. Particular attentionshould be given to completion of fields requiring risk identification and defensible explanations ofmitigation strategies and subsequent changes to risk ratings.As outlined in the BAM and the Stage 3 BAM Operational Manual, evidence required for thewhole site includes:13.3.3.6 The BSSAR must provide evidence of the proponent’s capability to implement the activerestoration management actions set out in the management plan. The BSSAR must:a) set out the vegetation attributes and habitat that is subject to the restoration managementactions, andb) identify any topographical, biophysical, financial, knowledge, resource, methodological orother constraint that is likely to affect reaching the restoration target value for each attribute orthreatened flora species, andc) demonstrate how each constraint has been addressed in the management plan, includingproviding evidence of the capability of the proponent to implement the action.13.3.3.13 The assessor is required to record the duration and timing of additional managementactions in the BSSAR.13.3.3.14 The BSSAR must specify the expected limitations and constraints of the proposed methodand availability of appropriate resources and material proposed to be used for active restoration.The headings in this section align with the section headings in the template and should be used toguide completion of the template.3

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateEstablish revegetation objectivesThese objectives are a high-level summary. The detail of specific objectives and outcomes per management zone are to be outlined in the revegetation plantemplate.Content descriptionGuidanceThere are clear linkages between benchmark or target condition andproposed objectives.Restoration target value for each attribute clearly stated per zone.Scale of works proposed are understood by reading the restorationobjectives.The number of hectares subject to supplementary planting andnumber of plants to be established in total across the BSA.Expected delivery timeframe is understood by reading therestoration objectives.Timeframes against critical milestones are identified and supportedby a chart in the ‘Monitoring’ section of the template.Restoration objectives propose measurable changes.Anticipated future VI score or attribute scores via active restorationmanagement actions.Objectives clearly link to BAM calculations.All site attributes that the assessor has manually increased in theBAM-C as a result of the proposed active restoration are referencedin the objectives.Planting thresholds4

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateEvidence required for the whole siteGuidanceSeasonalityPreferred revegetation season; preferred months.Soil moistureIdeal soil moisture levels to be determined by PCT and region.Catalyst eventsList specific events relevant to the region e.g. seasonal rainfall, periodic flooding, frost daysetc (determine as per locally appropriate).Seed and plant supplyContentdescriptionEvidence required for the whole site.GuidanceProvenance –prescribedrange andrationaleDefine the proposed provenance range and rationale with reference toappropriate literature. At a minimum refer to Florabank blications/) and the Restore andRenew Project Webtool https://www.restore-and-renew.org.au/Ensure that provenance ranges andadditional species are climate adjustedwith reference to likely future climatescenarios identified in Section 3.3SeedrequirementsList of all species and their likely availability. This will be partially determinedthrough an analysis of constraints in the BSSAR and, to gain an accuratereflection of the diversity expected in the target PCT, will require liaison withsuppliers to determine if the proposed actions are viable based on the amountof seed available or able to be supplied within proposed project timeframes.If diagnostic or species that are critical forstructure and composition of the PCT areunavailable and are unlikely to beavailable at the time of revegetation,Seed andsource materialCollection: Document the collection potential for the target species from theBSA site and surrounding landscape including;If there is little or no viable seed availablethrough wild collection and local suppliersor establishment of a seed production A list of target species for collection5

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateAvailabilityassessment A list of the locations from which they are available in the provenancerange. An assessment of the capacity of the proposed collection sites forharvesting in line with FloraBank Collection Guidelines Any licenses or permissions required to access the sites Details of landholders who own potential collection sitesarea to supply the proposed works isunviable, supplementary planting isunlikely to successfully achieve thepredicted gains.Purchase:List of seed for target species available from commercial providers including;Plant Supply Name of suppliers Provenance of seed Age of seed Quantity availableDocument capacity of nurseries to produce sufficient tube stock to supportproject outcomes: List of stock held/ able to be produced from local nurseries Capacity of local nurseries to work to FloraBank guidelines Capacity of local nurseries to track seed and provenance through theirproduction systems Nursery hardening off procedures Holdover or stock replacement strategies if plants are grown but onground works are delayedIf there are no local nurseries or localnurseries to not have capacity to fill theproject’s needs, consider working withnurseries in similar climates to the BSAlocation. If there are no nurseries withcapacity and processes within appropriategeographic and climatic equivalent areas,reassess whether tubestock revegetationis a viable option for the BSA.6

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateRevegetation managementContentdescriptionEvidence requiredGuidanceManagement zonerevegetationobjectivesSMART objectives and detailed documentation ofanticipated change to VI and attribute scores throughthe proposed Revegetation activitiesIf proposed score change is negative or has no appreciablegain, reconsider whether revegetation is appropriateMethod selectionTable outliningMust include; Proposed methodoReference to peer reviewed literature and/or Anticipated effectiveness of proposed methods inachieving predicted gain withofield tested local case studies and/or Rationale for practicality of method based on osite characteristics andoapplicant’s capability to implement the activerestoration management actionsAuthorship of supplementary planting methodologycompleted by Native Vegetation Restoration practitionerwith proven experience delivering on-ground outcomeswithin the region of the BSA or comparable landscapes.Performance measures and IndicatorsTable of: revegetation objectives – related to predicted VIscore increase and site attributes in the BAM-C. species to be used target stem density per/ha any additional restoration methods being toaugment revegetation (habitat enhancement, litterharvesting etc) adaptive management actions7

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateRevegetation map (if required) areas within management zone where eachrevegetation method will be used. Only needed inaddition to existing management actions map inBSA if complexity of supplementary plantingmethods and timing.Additionalrestorationmethods beingused in themanagement zoneDocumentation of other active restoration proposed forthe management zone.Management zoneSupplementaryPlanting specieslistList the specific species that will be prioritised forrestoration within the management zone, includingwhich structural or compositional element they willimprove.Site preparationTable outliningAnticipatedestablishment andsurvival rates andcontingency plan methods chemical proposed to be used anticipated resourcing requiredPost planting replanting methods and successionmanagement.Consider whether these actions in combination with requiredmanagement actions will be sufficient to achieve benchmarkor target condition. If so, reconsider if revegetation isnecessary.Consider if additional fencing will be required (refer toBiodiversity.Conservation Trust Restoring Native Vegetation Guidelinesfor assisted regeneration and revegetation for advice) and ifthe condition of current fences will be adequate to managethreats once plants are established.Plant survival rates will depend on local conditions. Previousprojects run by local practitioners will provide the best guidefor survival rates.8

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateSite maintenanceDocumentation of technique and frequency of; Watering regime Weed control Insect and vertebrate herbivore control Supporting passive techniques (eg. assistedregeneration techniques)Activities should be planned according to local climaticmeans and anticipate site response to site preparation andrevegetation activities. However, when putting together abudget for site maintenance it should be considered closelyin relation to adaptive management allowances to enableadjustments to maintenance in response to unexpected siteconditions or events.9

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateCapacity to deliver worksThis section outlines of skills and capacity in the region where work is proposed and reduceslikelihood of work being delayed or under-delivered through an unforeseen lack of locally experiencedcontractors. Given that any NVR practitioner engaged to provide technical guidance duringcompletion of the template will not necessarily be the one undertaking the on-ground works, thissection seeks to document the availability of suitable qualified and experienced practitioners who areable to service the region where the BSA is proposed. Documentation here seeks to also understandif it is intended that the work be undertaken with the landholder’s own personnel and equipment or bysuitably qualified and experienced restoration practitioners.ContentdescriptionEvidence required for the whole site.ProjectmanagerLandholder/lead contractor previous experience delivering restorationprojects.PersonnelProposed delivery team CVs and documentation of their availability toundertake project tasks around other work/projects they are committed to.EquipmentMachinery and equipment necessary for proposed works owned oravailable.Contractorsand partnersDocumentation of skills, experience and capacity to implement proposedworks.MonitoringSelection of revegetation methods and species should be evidence-based, and support generation ofthe predicted gains where revegetation is successful. It is anticipated that ecological monitoring byBCT or to BCT guidelines as scheduled through the BSA Management Plan will measure progresstowards predicted gains and be used to validate credit generation. Monitoring requirements for thesite must be guided by the BCT Ecological Monitoring Module.The chart in the ‘Monitoring’ section of the template is to be used as a guide and should be updated into indicate specific months for initial planting and periodic monitoring.In the case of non-tubestock supplementary planting methods, there is some value in makingallowances for unscheduled monitoring events that may occur after catalyst events that initiategermination (e.g. first rainfall of the year). For all supplementary planting techniques, monitoringshould be undertaken, once it is safe to do so, immediately after any event that is unforeseen but hasa significant impact on a management zone (e.g. fire or flooding).10

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateWorks scheduleThe chart in the ‘Works schedule’ section of the template is a guide based on revegetation activitiesoccurring in the temperate zones of NSW with an assumption of ongoing, reliable rainfall patterns. Itwill require adaptation based on local climatic conditions.Activities that relate to the entire site, such as seed collection, can be included in the chart as acollective action across the five-year period. However, actions that are individualised based onmanagement zone requirements, such as preparation, installation and maintenance, need to be splitinto task rows within the chart for each specific method and task outlined in the ‘Outline seed andplant supply requirements’ section of the template.Risk analysis summary tableRisk in the project should be addressed against likelihood and consequence using a similar approachto WHS risk assessment. The purpose of this section is to identify all known material risks apparentthrough supplementary planting planning, data collection and works in order to reduce uncertaintyaround the proposed active restoration in delivering predicted gains. All risks should be listed in thetable in the template with reference to the risk matrix and guidance tables on the following page.Risks that remain high after mitigation/control actions have been put in place should be considered assignificant limiting factors to successful delivery of predicted gains through the proposedsupplementary planting activities. This can be dealt with through reassessing the appropriateness ofthe proposed activity or be recommended for a staged release of ecosystem credits contingent on therisk being managed and the activity delivering the predicted outcome.11

LikelihoodABLikelihood stCertainLLLMMRankDescriptorLLMHRareWill occur once every 30 yearsOnce in 30 years or lessfrequent.BUnlikelyWill occur once in 10 years.Could occur once in 10 years ormultiple times over 20 ncyWill occur once every 5 years.Once in 5 years or multipletimes over 10 years.Once per year. Once in a yearor so.Will occur more than once ayear. Multiple times in a year.The event may occur inexceptional circumstances. Notlikely to occur, but it’s notimpossible.The event could occur at sometime, usually requires acombination of circumstances tooccur.The event should occur at sometime. Is sporadic, but notuncommon.Known to re-occur approximatelyannually.The event is expected or known tooccur often.Major5CatastrophicConsequence RatingRank1DescriptorInsignificantShort term or low-level long-termimpact on predicted gains2Minor3ModerateLong term impact significantlylimiting predicted gainsMajorExtensive, long term impact onpredicted gains with uncertainoutcomes45CatastrophicAcceptance evaluationEnvironmentalNo impact of delivery of predictedgainsImpacts are irreversible and/orpermanentRankThis decision should beconsiderate of compliancerequirements and As Low AsReasonably Practicable(ALARP)ExtremeUnacceptable Rick tooutcomeHighUndesirable risk to outcomeModerateMonitor activity and ongoingriskLowAcceptable ProceedDescriptionRevegetation shall not proceed without furthercontrols to reduce risk.Work shall only proceed with BCT approval andrisk mitigation recorded.Work may proceed with ongoing monitoring ofcontrol measures.Work may proceed, working in accordance withplanned controls.12

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateBudgetThe project budget is derived from the activities identified in the ‘Outline seed and plant supplyrequirements’ and ‘Revegetation management’ sections of the template. Planning, management,monitoring and seed services should be budgeted for at a whole of BSA level. Other activities relatedto specific management zones (site preparation, revegetation, maintenance) should be itemised byactivity or task per management zone and be derived through accurate assessment of time andresources required to complete the outcome successfully.Applicants are required to budget for an operational contingency aligned with the risk profile of theproposed methods. Applicants are also encouraged to consider allowances for adaptive managementin order to be able to respond to results from monitoring or unexpected events such as fires andfloods. These budget items will be largely determined by the assessed risk in the project and will flowthrough to the Total Fund Deposit.The budget headings in the template are indicative and high level. Detail is expected underneath eachheading that fully explains the costs and associated activities.13

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateRevegetation Plan TemplateEstablish revegetation objectives for whole of BSAObjective 1Objective 2Revegetation objectiveeg. Revegetate XXX hectares of XXX PCT to benchmark conditioneg. Revegetate XXX hectares of XXX PCT to future site value withmanagement from BAM-CPerformance indicatorChanges in attribute scores for PCTChanges in attribute scores for PCTDelivery timeframe20 years20 yearsObjective 3Planting thresholdsSite factorMost appropriate season for revegetationPreferred soil moisture levelsCatalyst events that may change revegetation scheduleThreshold levelOutline seed and plant supply requirementsProvenance – prescribed range and rationaleDistance fromsite (km)Description of geographical range and predictedadditional species to create ‘climate ready’plantingsCurrent local provenance range (ref. FloraBank guidelines)Climate adjusted provenance range (Ref AdaptNSW Climate Projections 20202039)14

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateSeed requirementsThis list is for the entire site and is derived from species lists and seed quantities defined for each management zone outlined in the ‘Outline seed and plantsupply requirements’ section. The intent is to have a complete list of seed requirements in a single place to make the quantum of the project seedrequirements easily communicable to collectors and suppliers when undertaking seed availability assessments.SpeciesRelevantPCT/s(list by PCTNumber)Quantity ofseedrequired(gm)Available forcollection?(Y/N)Available forpurchase?(Y/N)Viable under seedproduction? (Y/N)Pre-treatment of seed requiredbefore propagation or directapplication? (Y/N and specifytreatment method)Collection locationsLocation(Latitude andLongitude in DecimalDegrees)Landholder details(Name, PropertyAddress)License/permissionrequired (specify)Other collectorsaccessing site(List)Speciesavailable(list per site)Predicted capacity of proposedcollection site per species (gm)Seed available through suppliersSpeciesName of supplierProvenance of seedAge of seedViability of seedQuantityavailable15

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templatePlant supplyNurseryCapacity (No. of plants)Experience working with FloraBank GuidelinesProcedure for tracking seed and provenance through productionsystemsHoldover and stock replacement strategyList of target species able to be producedSpecies list16

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateRevegetation management (MZ x)The information in this section is to be completed for every management zone proposed for supplementary planting – management zone number/ID needs to be clearly identified. Include attributes in the table below that are the target of revegetation (i.e. values that have been manually increased inthe BAM-C).Management zone revegetation objectivesObjectives (targetvalues) 1VIScoreTreerichnessShrubrichnessGrass overFerncoverOthercoverTotallength offallenlogsLittercoverStemsizeclassCurrent valueYear 5uppertargetlowerYear 10uppertargetlowerYear 15uppertargetlowerYear 20upper 2targetlower 31See EMM Operational Manual for guidance on target-setting. Targets are only essential for attributes which are being actively restored2This value is entered into BAM-C by the assessor: Future value with active restoration gain3This value is generated in the BAM-C after applying the risk weighting: Future value with offset (After restoration)17

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateProposed revegetation method effectiveness and practicalityMethodAnticipated effectivenessPracticality of methodPerformanceindicators1.2.Anticipated risks and consequences (NB. record risk and consequence in this section and undertake analysis in the ‘Risk analysis summary table’below)Provisions for adaptive managementSupporting information required: Revegetation map (if required due to multiple methods and stages)Additional restoration methods being used in the management zoneTechniqueRationaleScale of works18

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateTargeted Supplementary Planting species listSpeciesStructural or compositional element being addressedManagement zone preparation planActivityMethodFrequencyResourcing required1.2.3.4.Chemical usage required (name of chemical and quantity – to be undertaken in line with chemical regulations)Anticipated risks and consequences (NB. record risk and consequence in this section and undertake analysis in the ‘Risk analysis summary table’ below)19

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateManagement zone contingency planAnticipated plant establishmentand survival rate (%)Contingency strategy andreplanting methodsManagement zone maintenance planActivityMethodFrequencyResourcing required1. Watering2. Weed control3. Insect and vertebrateherbivore control4. Supporting passivetechniquesChemical usage required (name of chemical and quantity – to be undertaken in line with chemical regulations)Anticipated risks and consequences (NB. record risk and consequence in this section and undertake analysis in the ‘Risk analysis summary table’ below)20

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateCapacity to deliver worksProject TeamRelevant experience (Dot point summary of qualifications, previous related projects, and/or technical, trade or machinery skillsas relevant to the project activities)Revegetation projectleader/landholderOther project membersas appropriateContractors or partners with capacity to service proposed revegetationOrganisation 1:Capacity (no. of staff)Previous experience undertaking revegetation projects (list here orattach case studies)Availability and suitability of contractor equipment to undertakeproposed tasks (list relevant equipment)Organisation 2:Capacity (no. of staff)Previous experience undertaking revegetation projects (list here orattach case studies)Availability and suitability of contractor equipment to undertakeproposed tasks (list relevant equipment)21

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateMonitoringMonitoring - Years 1-51 monthPlant germination (direct or hand seeding)Plant survival (tubestock)Plant survival post germination (direct seeding)Species diversity vs. species listSecond generation establishment (herbs, forbs andgrasses)Seed set (woody shrubs and small trees)Threat monitoringMonitoring Years 6-20Year6Year 7Year 8Plant survival (allplants)Second generationestablishment(herbs, forbs andgrasses)Seed set (woodyshrubs and smalltrees)Threat monitoring1 p.a.1 p.a.1 p.a.3months6months12months18months2 years3 years4 years5 yearsFrequency of threat monitoring is dependent on site characteristics as well as budget and resourcingallocated to site preparation and maintenance. Can be undertaken at the same time as performancemonitoring.Year 9Year101 18Year19Year201 p.a.1 p.a.Frequency of threat monitoring is dependent on site characteristics as well as budget and resourcing allocated to site preparation andmaintenance. Can be undertaken at the same time as performance monitoring at least annually.22

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateWorks scheduleWinY1Spr SumAutWinY2Spr SumAutWinY3Spr SumAutWinY4Spr SumAutWinY5Spr SumAutSpeciesselectionSeed collectionPlantpropagationSite preparationPlant installationDirect or nting23

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateRisk analysis summary tablePart ofrevegetationplanRisk itigation actionLikelihoodConsequenceRevisedrisk rating24

Biodiversity Conservation TrustRevegetation plan templateBudgetBudget line itemWhole of BSA Supplementary Planting activitiesPlanning and managementSeed supply and servi

Revegetation plan template . 4 . Establish revegetation objectives . These objectives are a high-level summary. The detail of specific objectives and outcomes per management zone are to be outlined in the revegetation plan template. Content description Guidance . There are clear linkag

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