Exploring The Many Styles Of Cider Eric West

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Exploring the Many Styles of CiderEric WestDirector – Great Lakes International Cider & Perry CompetitionInterim Director – Cider Certification ProgramContributing Writer – CIDERCRAFT MagazineFounder – Cider Guideciderguide.com/about

Great Lakes International Cider andPerry Competition (GLINTCAP)First held in 2005 at Great Lakes EXPO in Grand Rapids.617 entries in 2015. 1000 expected in 2016.Most respected judging in North America.glintcap.org

New World Modern CiderNew World broadly refers to the ciders typically madein the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and SouthAfrica. Typically less than 7% ABV.Commonly grown apple varieties such as Winesap,Macintosh, Golden Delicious, Jonathan are used.Often packaged like craft beer: 12oz or 16oz bottlesand cans, 22oz bottles, and on draft.glintcap.org/styles/new-world-cider

Uncle John’s AppleNew World Modern CiderSt. Johns, Michiganujhardcider.com

Tandem The CrabsterNew World Modern CiderSuttons Bay, Michigantandemciders.com

Tandem SmackintoshNew World Modern CiderSuttons Bay, Michigantandemciders.com

New World Heritage CiderInspired by Old World traditions but with a clean, NewWorld fermentation. Typically 6-9% ABV.Heirloom and dual-purpose varieties like Northern Spy,Baldwin, Winesap, Rhode Island Greening, NewtownPippin, Gravenstein. English and French apples are alsoused.Often packaged like wine: 375ml, 500ml, 750ml bottles.glintcap.org/styles/new-world-cider

Wandering Aengus WanderlustNew World Heritage CiderSalem, Oregonwanderingaengus.com

English CiderTypically drier and more austere than New Worldciders. Often made with tannic varieties known asbittersweets and bittersharps.Natural fermentation often used. Aroma and flavornotes may include spice, smoke, barnyard.Carbonation is typically still to lightly carbonated. 5-8%ABV is normal.glintcap.org/styles/english-cider

Aspall ImperialEnglish CiderDebenham, Suffolk, Englandaspall.co.uk

French CiderCider production in France is centered in thenorthern regions of Normandy and Brittany.Most French ciders are sparkling and low alcohol(3-5% ABV). Cork-and-cage bottle presentation.Calvados is a highly prized oak-aged apple brandydistilled in parts of Normandy.glintcap.org/styles/french-cider

Le Père Jules Cidre BrutFrench CiderCalvados, Lower Normandy, Francecalvados-leperejules.com

New World Perry / Traditional PerryJust as cider is fermented apple juice, perry isfermented pear juice. Not the same as “pear cider”.New World Perry is made from culinary/table pears.Traditional Perry is made from small, tannic pears thatare often hard and nearly inedible.Perry can be challenging to ferment successfully. Nonfermentable sorbitol means that perry is rarely y

Le Père Jules PoiréTraditional PerryCalvados, Lower Normandy, Francecalvados-leperejules.com

Spanish CiderCider production in Spain is centered in the northernregions of Asturias and the Basque Country. Made withsharp and semi-sharp local apple varieties.Traditional sidra natural is packaged in a 700ml greenbottle. Naturally fermented, unfiltered, unpasteurized,unsulfited, uncarbonated. 5-6.5% ABV.Citric, floral, spice, leather, smoke aromas.glintcap.org/styles/spanish-cider

IsastegiSpanish Cider (Basque Country)Tolosa, Gipuzkoa, Spainisastegi.com

Trabanco AvalonSpanish Cider (Asturias)Siero, Asturias, Spainsidratrabanco.com

Fruit CiderCider with other fruits or fruit juices added. Forexample, “pear cider” is made from a base of ciderwith pear juice added.Blueberry, cherry, apricot, peach, and many otherfruits commonly added.Very popular commercially.glintcap.org/styles/fruit-cider

Uncle John’s Apple PearFruit Cider (Pear Cider)St. Johns, Michiganujhardcider.com

Bonny Doon QuerryFruit CiderSanta Cruz, Californiabonnydoonvineyard.com

Hopped/Herbal CiderA cider with any combination of botanicals added,typically hops.Hopped cider was at first an attempt to encouragebeer-drinking men to try cider. It has become alegitimate style of cider and very popular product,particularly in the Pacific Northwest.glintcap.org/styles/hopped-herbal-cider

Vander Mill Nunica PineHopped/Herbal CiderGrand Rapids, Michiganvandermill.com

Sietsema’s LemongrassHopped/Herbal CiderAda, Michigansietsemaorchards.com

Specialty Cider & PerryAn open-ended category for cider or perry with otheringredients that does not neatly fit in any of theprevious categories.Cider or perry that combines elements of two or morestyle categories—such as a hopped cider with addedfruit—should be entered here.Entries that have especially intense flavors—such asjalapeño peppers—appear at the end of a ry

Vander Mill Totally RoastedSpecialty Cider and PerryGrand Rapids, Michiganvandermill.com

Blakes El ChavoSpecialty Cider and PerryArmada, Michiganblakeshardcider.com

Ice CiderA cider in which the juice is concentrated beforefermentation either by freezing fruit before pressing(cryoextraction) or by freezing juice and removingwater (cryoconcentration). Fermentation stops or isarrested before reaching dryness.Ice cider originated in Quebec in the 1990s andremains commercially popular. Often packaged in187ml or 375ml bottles.glintcap.org/styles/ice-cider

Entre Pierre & Terre Cidre de GlaceIce CiderFranklin, Quebecvindefruit.ca

Entre Pierre & Terre Poiré de GlaceIce CiderFranklin, Quebecvindefruit.ca

PommeauPommeau is essentially a blend of apple brandy withapple juice. The juice is typically fermented as little aslocal jurisdiction will allow.Pommeau is well suited as an aperitif or as a cocktailingredient. Fruit should be forward and acidity shouldbe well balanced. 16-18% ABV is common.Originally from Normandy and Brittany, butincreasingly popular in North America.glintcap.org/styles/pommeau

Uncle John’s Apple Dessert WinePommeauSt. Johns, Michiganujhardcider.com

Eau de vieEau de vie is an unaged fruit spirit. It usually rangesfrom 30-50% ABV, though products under 40% ABVare uncommon in the United States.Apple eau de vie is usually subtle on the fruit and maycarry a hint of spice.Pear eau de vie may be heavily aromatic to the point ofperfume. Pear spirits often bear a subtle spicyaftertaste. Bartlett pear is readily identifiable.glintcap.org/styles/eau-de-vie

Uncle John’s Vodka From ApplesEau de vieSt. Johns, Michiganujhardcider.com

BrandyFruit brandy is simply an eau de vie that has been aged inwood, typically oak. Apple brandies fall into two maincamps – French and American.Calvados is fermented from a French style cider and isdominated by wild fermentation flavors. A calvados-styleapple brandy should be heady with muted barrel character.American apple brandy (sometimes known as applejack)should not evidence heads, but rounded, generic apple orapple blossom flavors and aroma.glintcap.org/styles/brandy

Uncle John’s Apple BrandyBrandySt. Johns, Michiganujhardcider.com

Cider, Hard and SweetBen WatsonAmazon / IndieBound

World’s Best CidersPete Brown and Bill BradshawAmazon / IndieBound

Cider Made SimpleJeff AlworthAmazon / IndieBound

The New Cider Maker's HandbookClaude JolicoeurAmazon / IndieBound

Craft Cider MakingAndrew LeaAmazon / IndieBound

Exploring the Many Styles of CiderEric WestDirector – Great Lakes International Cider & Perry CompetitionInterim Director – Cider Certification ProgramContributing Writer – CIDERCRAFT MagazineFounder – Cider Guideciderguide.com/about

The New Cider Maker's Handbook . Claude Jolicoeur . Amazon / IndieBound . Craft Cider Making . Andrew Lea . Amazon / IndieBound . Exploring the Many Styles of Cider . Eric West . Director – Great Lakes International Cider & Perry Competition . Interim Director – Cider Certification Program .

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