2018 Drama National 5 Finalised Marking Instructions

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NationalQualifications20182018 DramaNational 5Finalised Marking Instructions Scottish Qualifications Authority 2018The information in this publication may be reproduced to support SQA qualifications only on a noncommercial basis. If it is reproduced, SQA should be clearly acknowledged as the source. If it is tobe used for any other purpose, written permission must be obtained from permissions@sqa.org.uk.Where the publication includes materials from sources other than SQA (secondary copyright), thismaterial should only be reproduced for the purposes of examination or assessment. If it needs tobe reproduced for any other purpose it is the centre’s responsibility to obtain the necessarycopyright clearance. SQA’s NQ Assessment team may be able to direct you to the secondarysources.These marking instructions have been prepared by examination teams for use by SQA appointedmarkers when marking external course assessments. This publication must not be reproduced forcommercial or trade purposes.

General marking principles for National 5 DramaThis information is provided to help you understand the general principles you must apply whenmarking candidate responses to questions in this paper. These principles must be read inconjunction with the detailed marking instructions, which identify the key features required incandidate responses.(a)(a)Marks for each candidate response must always be assigned in line with these generalmarking principles and the detailed marking instructions for this assessment.(b)(b)Marking should always be positive. This means that, for each candidate response, marksare accumulated for the demonstration of relevant skills, knowledge and understanding:they are not deducted from a maximum on the basis of errors or omissions.(c)(c)Candidates may have performed a piece of text that is unknown to the marker, or basedtheir answer on a devised performance. Markers should use their professionaljudgement.(d)(d)Candidates who do not respond to all aspects of a question cannot be awarded fullmarks.(e)(e)Candidates can answer Section 1 from the viewpoint of an actor, lighting designer,costume designer, make-up and hair designer, sound designer, set designer or propsdesigner.(f)(f)Candidates are expected to use drama terminology throughout.(g)(g)In Section 2, candidates must base their drama on one of the stimuli.(h)(h)At this level, candidates are expected to justify and substantiate their responses,demonstrating a knowledge of drama. Marks should not be awarded for descriptivecomment.OverviewNational 5 level candidates are required to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of bothprocess and performance.Section 1 is designed to test candidates’ ability to evaluate their own work and the work ofothers.Section 2 tests the candidates’ ability to respond to stimuli and create their own piece ofdrama.page 02

Marking instructions for each questionSECTION 1These questions require candidates to give a personal evaluative response (not from a groupperspective) of self and of others on a piece of work that they have been involved in or seenduring the course, either as an actor or in a production role. This may be from the courseassessment performance or another performance they have taken part in during the course.The questions require candidates to demonstrate their reflection and evaluation skills.Question1.(a)Expected responseThe candidate is asked to statethe main theme/issue of theirdrama, with justification.MaxmarkAdditional guidance2If the candidate merely retells thestory/plot, no marks can beawarded.1 1The candidate must state themain theme/issue, not themessage of the drama.The candidate: If only a message is given, with notheme/issue stated, no marks canbe awarded.Has stated the maintheme/issue of their drama.1 mark If more than one theme/issue isstated, mark the best response.Has justified the maintheme/issue.1 mark(b)The candidate should identify anappropriate target audience forthe drama, based on the maintheme/issue stated in (a), withjustification.The candidate: Has identified an appropriatetarget audience, based on themain theme/issue, withjustification.2 marks Has identified an appropriatetarget audience, based on themain theme/issue, with littleor no justification.1 markpage 032If an appropriate target audienceis not identified, then no markscan be awarded.A variety of audiences could begiven eg teenagers, upperprimary, 18-25-year-olds, theelderly, history students, women.All are acceptable, butjustification should be positive,not negative.The link between target audienceand main theme/issue can beimplicit.If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response(NR) in (a), but a theme/issue isclearly implied in the answer to(b), the full range of marks (2) areavailable.

QuestionExpected responseMaxmark(c)The candidate is asked in whatway they would expect the targetaudience to react to the maintheme/issue identified, withjustification.2The candidate: Has described an appropriateaudience reaction to the maintheme/issue, with fulljustification as to why anaudience might react in thatway.2 marks Has described an appropriateaudience reaction to the maintheme/issue, with little or nojustification as to why anaudience might react in thatway.1 markpage 04Additional guidanceIf the candidate does not give aclear justification, the maximummark is 1.If the candidate discusses adifferent theme/issue from thatidentified in (a), the maximummark is 1.If the candidate discusses adifferent target audience fromthat identified in (b), themaximum mark is 1.If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response(NR) in (a) and (b), but atheme/issue and target audienceare clearly implied in the answerto (c), the full range of marks (2)are available.

Question2.Expected responseMaxmarkThe candidate is asked to describeone rehearsal activity or practicaltask they carried out to preparethemselves for this drama.2The candidate: Has given a detaileddescription of an appropriaterehearsal activity or practicaltask they carried out toprepare for their drama.2 marks Has given a basic descriptionof an appropriate rehearsalactivity or practical task theycarried out to prepare fortheir drama.1 markpage 05Additional guidanceCandidates may refer to: workshop of the scriptdesign/performance tasksdiagrams and sketches etcimprovisationscharacterisation techniquesmaking props/costumes/setcreating sound effects playlistsrigging/focusing lanternsapply/practice make-up andhair.Or any other appropriate rehearsalactivity or practical task.

Question3.(a)Expected responseMaxmarkCandidates are asked to identifythe genre of their drama, with arelevant reason.The candidate: Has identified the genre of thedrama, with a relevant reason.2 marks Has identified the genre of thedrama.1 markpage 062Additional guidancePossible genres may include comedy, tragedy, crime, dancedrama, documentary drama,historical, kitchen sink drama,melodrama, musical theatre,horror, fantasy, satire, or anyother appropriate genre.If more than one genre isidentified, mark the best one.If no genre is identified, then nomarks can be awarded.

QuestionExpected responseMaxmarkAdditional guidance(b)Candidates are asked to describethe ways in which they helped tohighlight the genre of their dramaas an actor or in a productionrole.4If a candidate merely lists tasksassociated with their role, withoutlinking it to the genre, no markscan be awarded.The candidate: Has given a full and detaileddescription of the ways inwhich theirperformance/design conceptshelped to highlight the genreof their drama.4 marks Has given a good description ofthe ways in which theirperformance/design conceptshelped to highlight the genreof their drama.3 marks Has given an adequatedescription of the ways inwhich theirperformance/design conceptshelped to highlight the genreof their drama.2 marks Has given a limited descriptionof the ways in which theirperformance/design conceptshelped to highlight the genreof their drama.1 markMarks should not be awarded formere storytelling or generaldescriptive comments about thegroup’s performance.If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response(NR) in (a), but a genre isidentified in the answer to (b), thefull range of marks (4) areavailable.Acting voice, movement,blocking, mood and atmosphere,impact on the audience.Lighting design concept, moodand atmosphere, operation, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.Sound design concept, mood andatmosphere, operation, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.Costume design concept, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.Make-up and hair designconcept, use of resources andimpact on the audience.Set design concept, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.Props design concept, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.page 07

4.QuestionExpected responseMaxmarkAdditional guidance(a)Candidates are asked to considerthe work of one other dramastudent during a performance anddescribe the mood and/oratmosphere of that drama, withjustification.2Candidates may refer to a memberof their own group or a member ofanother group.1 1The candidate: Has described the moodand/or atmosphere.1 mark Has justified the mood and/oratmosphere.1 markpage 08

Question(b)Expected responseMaxmarkCandidates are asked to describethe ways in which another dramastudent, identified in (a),highlighted the mood and/oratmosphere of their drama as anactor or in a production role.The candidate: Has given a full and detaileddescription of the ways inwhich the student’sperformance/design conceptshelped to highlight the moodand/or atmosphere of thedrama.Has given a good description ofthe ways in which thestudent’s performance/designconcepts helped to highlightthe mood and/or atmosphereof the drama.3 marks Has given an adequatedescription of the ways inwhich the student’sperformance/design conceptshelped to highlight the moodand/or atmosphere of thedrama.2 marks Marks should not be awarded formere storytelling or generaldescriptive comments.Marks should not be awarded ifthe candidate makes a generalevaluation about a group’sperformance.If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response(NR) in (a), but the work ofanother student and a moodand/or atmosphere is clear in theanswer to (b), the full range ofmarks (4) are available.Answers may include commentson:4 marks 4Additional guidanceHas given a limited descriptionof the ways in which thestudent’s performance/designconcepts helped to highlightthe mood and/or atmosphereof the drama.1 markpage 09Acting voice, movement,blocking, impact on the audience.Lighting design concept,operation, use of resources andimpact on the audience.Sound design concept,operation, use of resources andimpact on the audience.Costume design concept, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.Make-up and hair designconcept, use of resources andimpact on the audience.Set design concept, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.Props design concept, use ofresources and impact on theaudience.

SECTION 2Candidates are required to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of creating drama byresponding to stimuli. The drama must be suitable for a live theatrical performance.Question5.(a)Expected responseMaxmarkCandidates are required to statethe structure of their drama for1 mark.1The following drama structuresmay be stated: The candidate: Additional guidanceHas stated the structure oftheir drama.linearnon-linearepisodic.1 mark(b)Candidates are asked to explainwhy they chose this structure,with reference to their drama.The candidate: Has explained why they chosethis structure, with referenceto their drama.2 marks Has explained why they chosethis structure, with little or noreference to their drama.1 markpage 102If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered no response(NR) in (a), but a structure isclearly implied in the answer to(b), the full range of marks (2) areavailable.Candidates may refer to:Dramatic impact, creation oftension, plot twist, creating shockor surprise, dramatic irony,development of character, or anyother relevant reason.Explanation should be positive andnot negative.

Question6.(a)Expected responseMaxmarkCandidates are asked to selectone character from their dramaand identify their motivation.1Additional guidanceCharacter can be identified byname or role within the drama.Candidates may describe thecharacter’s motivation as beingmotivated by anexperience/character, ormotivated to achieve something,either is acceptable.1 mark for identifying themotivation.For example:A character could be motivated bygreed.orA character could be motivated tobecome popular.(b)Candidates are asked to describe amoment in their drama when thecharacter reveals theirmotivation.The candidate: Has given a full description ofthe moment when thecharacter reveals theirmotivation.2 marks Has given a basic descriptionof the moment when thecharacter reveals theirmotivation.1 markpage 112Accept moment in the broadestsense.The character’s motivation doesnot necessarily need to berevealed to another character.For example, the motivation maybe revealed to the audiencethrough use of monologue, or anyother relevant convention.If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response[NR] in (a), but a character andmotivation is clear in the answerto (b), the full range of marks (2)are available.

QuestionExpected responseMaxmarkAdditional guidance(c)Candidates should describe andjustify two rehearsal activities anactor would use to understand thischaracter’s motivation.4Where candidates have describedmore than two activities, mark thebest two.Two marks available for eachrehearsal activity described andjustified.Although candidates might choosefrom a wide range of activities,good answers will show anunderstanding of thecharacterisation process.2 2The candidate: Has given a description of therehearsal activity,demonstrating anunderstanding of the activityin practice.1 mark Has given a reason why itwould help the actor developan understanding of thecharacter’s motivationidentified in (a).1 markpage 12Activities described may includeimprovisation, research, hotseating, thought tunnel, thoughttracking or any other relevantrehearsal activities.Candidates may choose to refer tothe moment they have writtenabout in (b) or not, either isacceptable.If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response[NR] in (a) and (b), but acharacter and motivation is clearin the answer to (c), the full rangeof marks (4) are available.

7.QuestionExpected responseMaxmark(a)The candidate has been asked toidentify another character fromtheir drama and give a descriptionof their personality.2The emphasis is on a descriptionof the character.Candidates may choose todescribe a number of features ofthe character’s personality, ordescribe the character’spersonality in the context of theirdrama, either is acceptable.The candidate: Additional guidanceHas identified one characterand has given a full descriptionof their personality.2 marks Has identified one characterand has given a basicdescription of theirpersonality.1 mark(b)The candidate is asked to describethe way an actor would use two ofthe listed voice terms to highlightthis character’s personality.2Description should relate tocharacter personality described in(a), though this can be implicit.1 1Candidates should choose from thegiven list – emphasis, tone, pace,volume.One mark is available for eachdescription of how the chosenvoice term would highlight thecharacter’s personality.If they refer to one not on the listno marks can be awarded.2 marks(c)The candidate is asked to describethe way an actor would use two ofthe listed movement terms tohighlight this character’spersonality.1 1One mark is available for eachdescription of how the chosenmovement term would highlightthe character’s personality.2 markspage 132Description should relate tocharacter personality described in(a), though this can be implicit.Candidates should choose from thegiven list – facial expression, eyecontact, body language, posture.If they refer to one not on the listno marks can be awarded.

Question8.Expected responseMaxmarkCandidates are asked to chooseone of the production areas listedto help portray two charactersfrom their drama, withjustification.4Two marks available for eachexplanation, with justification, ofhow they would use one of theproduction areas to help portray acharacter in their drama.2 2The candidate: Has given a full explanation,with justification, of howthey would use one of theproduction areas to helpportray a character in theirdrama.2 marks Has given a basic explanation,with little or no justification,of how they would use one ofthe production areas to helpportray a character in theirdrama.1 markpage 14Additional guidanceCandidates must use correctterminology in their response.Candidates must refer to oneproduction area from the givenlist.The ideas must be practicable.If more than one production areais explained, mark the best one.

9.QuestionExpected responseMaxmark(a)Candidates are asked to identify akey moment in their drama andexplain their answer, for twomarks.2Candidates are only required toidentify a moment (not a wholescene).A key moment is defined as a veryshort period of time.1 1The candidate: Additional guidanceCandidates may refer to thenarrative/plot in theirexplanation.Has identified a key momentfrom their drama.1 mark Has given an explanation fortheir answer.1 mark(b)Candidates are asked to describeone convention they would useduring this key moment tohighlight its importance, withjustification.The candidate: Has described the use of anappropriate convention tohighlight the key momentidentified in (a), withjustification.If candidate does not refer to themoment described in (a), then nomarks can be awarded.Conventions may include:Flashback, flash-forward, freezeframe, frozen picture, mime,monologue, movement, slowmotion, narration, voice over,aside, soliloquy, tableau, splitstage, or any other relevantconvention.If more than one convention isdescribed, mark the best one.2 marks 2Has described the use of anappropriate convention tohighlight the key momentidentified in (a), with little orno justification.1 markpage 15

Question10. (a)Expected responseMaxmarkCandidates are required to statethe type of staging they would useto present their drama.1Candidates may refer to thefollowing types of staging:Thrust, theatre in the round,promenade, end on, prosceniumarch, avenue or traverse, or anyother relevant type of staging.The candidate: Additional guidanceHas stated a type of stagingfor their drama.1 mark(b)Candidates are asked to describetwo advantages of using this typeof staging for their drama.2 24Candidates’ answers should bepositive, not negative (ie acandidate cannot describe whyone type of staging has been usedby explaining why anotherwouldn’t be suitable).The candidate: Has described an advantage ofthe type of staging stated in(a), with clear reference totheir drama.2 marks Has described an advantage ofthe type of staging stated in(a), with limited reference totheir drama.1 markDescription should relate to thetype of staging described in (a).If a candidate has been awarded0 marks or offered No Response[NR] in (a), but a type of staging isclearly implied in the answer to(b), the full range of marks (4) areavailable.If the candidate offers an implicitadvantage to the type of stagingstated in (a), with reference totheir drama, 1 mark can beawarded.If a candidate uses the sameadvantage twice, but havereferenced different points intheir drama, the full range ofmarks (4) are available.If more than two advantages aredescribed, mark the best two.Some advantages candidates mayrefer to are:Audience response, audiencesightlines, actor/audiencerelationships, use of set, props,lighting, sound, costume, make-upand hair, plot twists, performanceconcepts, design concepts, use ofconventions or any other relevanta

the genre of their drama, with a relevant reason. The candidate: Has identified the genre of the drama, with a relevant reason. If more than one genre is 2 marks Has identified the genre of the drama. 1 mark 2 Possible genres may include - comedy, tragedy, crime, dance drama, documentary drama, historical, kitchen sink drama,

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