Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, And Physical Health 6 .

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Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Rich6th GradeChapter 1Your Health and WellnessLesson 1 Your Total Health1. Health is a mix of:a. Physical Healthb. Mental/Emotional Healthc. Social Health2. Good health is often pictured as a triangle with three equal sides.3. Total health exists when all three parts are in balance.4. How to be Physically healthy:a. Staying activeb. Eating properlyc. Avoiding harmful substances (such as drugs and alcohol)5. Develop good Mental/Emotional health:a. Learning to handle stressb. Expressing your feelings in positive ways6. Social health determined by:a. The way you relate to people in your lifeb. Respecting othersc. Getting along with people7. Wellness is the ability to successfully balance the three health parts.Lesson 2 Influences on Your Health1. Factors influence your health:a. Heredity is passed to you by your biological parents.i. Physical traits:1. Eye color2. Skin color3. Body shape and typeb. Environment includes all your surroundings.i. Your neighborhoodii. The air you breatheiii. The water you drink are parts of your environmentc. Culture is the collected beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group. Family and culture also affectyour health and influence.i. Your eating habitsii. Religious beliefsiii. Physical activityd. Peers are your friends and other people in your age group. Peers can influence you positively ornegativelye. Media refers to various methods of communicating information. Information from the media canhelp you live more healthfully, but some media messages are more reliable than others. Checkout all media messages carefully.i. Newspapersii. Magazines

Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Richiii. Radioiv. Internetf. Technology is the use of scientific ideas to improve the quality of life.g. Behavior is the way you act in different situations. Some of the factors that influence your healthare out of your control. You do, however, have control over your behaviorh. Attitude, or what you believe or feel about something or someone, also influences your health.Lesson 3 Building Health Skills1. There are many important health skills that can have a positive effect throughout your life.a. Stay informed—know how to access, or get, reliable information.b. Take care of yourself—eat the right foods and get enough sleep.c. Analyze influences—some are more positive than others. Learn to tell the difference betweenhealthy and unhealthy influences.d. Communicate with others—good communication skills include telling others how you feel.e. Make decisions and set goals—these skills are step-by-step processes that require carefulthought.f. Be an advocate—support or speak out in favor of.Lesson 4 Making Responsible Decisions1. Decisions, or the choices you make, may be small or large. To make an important decision, you canfollow a six-step process.a. (1) State the situation.b. (2) List the options.c. (3) Weigh the possible outcomes.d. (4) Consider your values—beliefs that you feel strongly about that help guide the way you live.e. (5) Make a decision and act on it.f. (6) Evaluate, or review your decision.2. To see if a decision is important enough to use the six-step process, ask yourself the following:a. Will the decision affect others?b. Will there be any long-term effects?c. Will the decision hurt anyone or cause any problems?3. If you answer yes to any of these questions, you may want to use the six step process.Lesson 5 Setting Health Goals1. Setting goals is an important skill that will help you achieve and maintain good health.2. There are two types of goals:a. Short-term goals are goals you plan to reach in a short period of time, such as days or weeks.b. Long-term goals are goals you plan to reach in a period of months or years. Long-term goals areoften made up of many short-term goals.3. Process of setting and reaching Healthy goals:a. Thinking about your interests and abilitiesb. Make a plan to help you reach your goalsc. Good planning is crucial to reaching goalsd. Make your goals specific.e. List the steps you will take to reach each goal

Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Richf.g.h.i.j.Breaking down a goal into smaller tasks helps make reaching the goal easierGet help from others when you need itCheck your progress regularlyReward yourself when you reach a goalCelebrating your accomplishments helps you appreciate the process of setting and reachinggoals.6th GradeChapter 2Mental and Emotional WellnessLesson 1 A Healthy Self-Concept1. Self-Concept, the view you have of yourself.2. Many different people influence your self-concepta. Your familyb. Friendsc. Teachers3. As you get older, these people support and reinforce your healthy self-concept:a. Through their actionsb. Messagesc. Hearing positive things4. A positive self-concept:a. Having a high level of self-esteem (is a measure of how much you like and respect yourself)b. Having a high level of self-esteem helps you to be resilient (resilience is the ability to workthrough and recover from disappointment)5. How to develop a positive self-concept:a. (1) Have confidence in yourself and your abilitiesb. (2) Accept encouragement; use it to recognize your strengthsc. (3) Set a goal and work to reach itd. (4) Develop realistic expectationse. (5) Find friends that support and encourage youf. (6) Avoid worrying about hurtful remarks or looksLesson 2 Your Character Counts1. People who are honest, helpful, and understanding of others have good character.2. Character is the way you think, feel, and act.3. Your character is revealed in your attitude, thoughts, and opinions.4. There are six main character traits. People with good character usually share many of the same traits: 1. Trustworthiness and Honesty 2. Respect, even when they do not share their views or opinions 3. Responsibility, for their actions 4. Fairness, treating everyone equally and honestly. 5. Caring of others 6. Citizenshipo They follow rules and obey laws and take action to make their community better.Good citizens practice advocacy, or taking a stand to make a difference.5. Your family and others around you shape your character. You learn character from:a. Experience (such as sports, games)

Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Richb. School.6. One important way you learn character is through positive role models. A role model is a person whosesuccess or behavior serves as a good example for others.7. When you have good character:a. Promote your own healthb. Promote the health of othersc. You make responsible decisionsd. You set good examples for othersLesson 3 Expressing Emotions1. Emotions are feelings, such as happiness, anger, or fear.2. Daily events often trigger emotions. You may experience many emotions, or mood swings, on a dailybasis.3. Mood swings are often caused by hormones, which are powerful chemicals, produced by glands thatregulate many functions.4. All the emotions you experience are normal. Understanding how to express emotions healthfully isimportant. Holding emotions inside can harm all sides of your health triangle.5. There are many ways to deal with strong feelings:a. (1) Engage in physical activity to help reduce tensionb. (2) Talk with friends or family members. They can provide help and supportc. (3) Create something, such as a drawing, or writing a poemd. (4) Listen to music. This can help you relax.6. Dealing with emotions in healthy ways includes abstinence, or refusing to participate in health-riskbehaviors.7. Risky behaviors:a. Joining a gangb. Becoming sexually activec. Using alcohol, tobacco, or illegal drugsLesson 4 Coping with Stress1. Stress is your body’s response to changes around you.2. People sometimes react to stressful events with anxiety (feelings of uncertainty or worry over what mayhappen)3. Positive stress is healthy and can provide you with energy and excitement4. Negative stress is unhealthy and often caused by things you cannot control5. Fight-or-Flight response, the stress response results in physical changes that prepare the body to dealwith threats of harma. During this stress response, your body experiences physical changesb. A faster heartbeatc. Tighter muscles6. Healthy ways to manage your stress:a. (1) Set priorities and limit your activitiesb. (2) Budget your time to avoid having to rush to get things donec. (3) Use the energy caused by stress in a positive way by learning a hobby or helping othersd. (4) Talk to someone

Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Riche. (5) Put things in perspective. Everyone has stress and problemsf. (6) Exercise to help you relaxLesson 5 Emotional Problems1. Everyone feels sad or fearful sometimes. Feeling this way for days or weeks may be a sign of anemotional problem.2. Common emotional problems include:a. (1) Anxiety disorder, a serious emotional problem that keeps a person from functioning normallyb. (2) Mood disorder, a serious emotional problem where a person’s mood goes from one extremeto anotherc. (3) Depression, an emotional problem marked by long periods of hopelessness and despair.3. The effects of emotional problems can be so severe that the person considers suicide, the deliberate actof taking one’s own life.4. Tell a trusted adult if someone you know shows any of the warning signs of suicide:a. avoiding activities that involve family or friendsb. taking greater risks than usualc. losing interest in hobbies, sports, or schoold. giving away treasured possessions5. Sources of help and support for emotional problems:a. Your home or at schoolb. Talk to a parent or other family memberc. A teacher or a school counselor is another good person to turn to6th GradeChapter 3Healthy RelationshipsLesson 1 Communication Skills1. Communication is the sharing of thoughts and feelings between people.2. Healthy relationships are built on good communication.3. People mainly communicate through languagea. Talking with each other in person or on the telephoneb. Writing letters, e-mail, and instant messagesc. Body languagei. Facial expressionsii. Eye contactiii. Gesturesiv. Posture4. Successful communication depends on:a. An effective sender (speaker or writer)(You can be a better speaker by speaking clearly and taking care not to send mixed messages)b. An effective receiver (listener or reader).(You can be a better listener by showing interest, asking questions to show you are following, and notinterrupting)5. There are also different communication stylesa. Aggressive communicators are forceful and most successful style of communicating is to beassertive, or to make your wants or needs known in a positive, active manner.

Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Richb. Passive communicators are shy about speaking upLesson 2 Your Family1. Family is a basic unit of society made up of two or more people brought together by blood, marriage,adoption, or a desire for mutual support.2. There are many different types of families:a. Couple-a husband and a wife who do not have childrenb. Nuclear family-two parents and one or more childrenc. Extended family-a nuclear family plus other relatives such as grandparentsd. Single-Parent family -one parent and one or more childrene. Blended family-two people, one or both with children from previous marriagesf. Foster family-adults caring for one or more children born to different parentsg. Adoptive family-a couple plus one or more adopted childrenh. Joint-custody family -two parents living apart, sharing custody of their childreni. Single-custody family -two parents living apart and one or more children living with only oneparent3. Each family member has a role:a. Family members care for one another by nurturingb. Providing physical, mental/emotional, and social needs.4. Family problems:a. One way of dealing with problems is to have family meetings to talk about them5. Families changes:a. Positive changesi. Job promotionii. Marriageiii. New Home/Schooliv. Birthb. Difficult changesi. Job lossii. Separationiii. Divorceiv. Death in the familyc. Going through changesi. Talk about your feelings with your parents or other trusted adultsii. Abuse, a pattern of mistreatment of another person. A family with an abuse problemshould get help right away.Lesson 3 Your Friends and Peers1. A friendship is a special type of relationship between people who enjoy being togethera. People who live near youb. People that go to your schoolc. People that share your interests and hobbiesd. People that have certain personality traits2. Good friends will often have the same values as youa. Dependable

Unit #1 Mental, Emotional, Social, and Physical Health6th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 37th Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 5, 6, 7th8 Grade - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Dr. Richb. Faithfulc. Caring about each other and support each other through good and difficult times3. Peer pressure is the influence people your own age have on you.a. Positive peer pressure encourages you to be a better personb. Negative peer pressure challenges you to go against your beliefs and valuesStanding up to negative peer pressure can be very difficult.Lesson 4 Refusal Skills1. Refusal skills are ways of saying no when your peers are pressuring you to do something that you knowis not right.2. One way of saying no is to use the S.T.O.P. strategy:a. Say no in a firm voiceb. Tell why notc. Offer other ideasd. Promptly leave if necessary3. You are not alone when you face a difficult decision.a. Talk to a parent or trusted adult, an older brother or sister, or a school counselor about theproblem.b. Some of the negative pressures you face can be major because they are high-risk behaviors, suchas using tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs.c. You practice abstinence when you choose not to participate in high-risk behaviors. Beingabstinent protects your health and shows self-control and self-respect.Lesson 5 Resolving Conflicts1. Conflicts are disagreements about ideas, beliefs, or interests.a. A difference of opinionb. Jealousyc. Prejudice (an opinion or a fear formed without having facts or firsthand knowledge)2. Conflicts can be prevented with good communication skills and tolerance, or the ability to accept otherpeople as they are.3. Sometimes people need to talk about a conflict and decide how to reach a compromise to end it.4. The T.A.L.K. strategy is one way to resolve a conflict:a. Take a time-outb. Allow each person to tell his or her sidec. Let each person ask questionsd. Keep brainstorming for solutions5. When conflicts are not dealt with in healthful ways, they can sometimes lead to violence.6. How to protect yourself against most violent conflicts:a. Learning self-controlb. Avoiding harmful situationsc. Using good communication skillsd. Becoming an advocate for peace

Chapter 1 Your Health and Wellness Lesson 1 Your Total Health 1. Health is a mix of: a. Physical Health b. Mental/Emotional Health c. Social Health 2. Good health is often pictured as a triangle with three equal sides. 3. Total health exists when all three parts are in balance. 4. How to be Physically healthy: a. Staying active b. Eating properly

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