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Official FFA ManualTHE FFA MISSIONFFA makes a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential forpremier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education.THE AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION MISSIONAgricultural education prepares students for successful careers and a lifetime of informedchoices in global agriculture, food, fiber and natural resources systems.The National FFA Organization is a resource and support organization that does not select,control or supervise state association, local chapter or individual member activities.Educational materials are developed by FFA in cooperation with the U.S. Department ofEducation as a service to state and local agricultural education agencies.The National FFA Organization affirms its belief in the value of all human beings andseeks diversity in its membership, leadership and staff as an equal opportunity employer. NATIONAL FFA ORGANIZATION 2015 The letters “FFA,” the FFA emblem, Future Farmersof America and Forever Blue are registered trademarks of the National FFA Organizationand cannot be used without permission.OfficialFFA Manual

School-Based AgriculturalEducation 3-Component ModelWhen you put on an FFA jacket, you become part of a school-based agricultural educationprogram that can connect you to exciting careers in the science, business and technologyof agriculture. FFA is one of three essential components of this integrated system, whichwork together to provide personal, academic and career experiences that help you buildsuccess.School-based agricultural education is delivered through career and technical educationin the United States and five U.S. Territories. Approximately one million agriculturaleducation students are taught by nearly 12,000 secondary, two-year postsecondary andadult instructors in more than 7,500 schools. School-based agricultural education consistsof three integral core components:Classroom and laboratory instruction that is contextual,inquiry-based and interactive.2. FFA and organizations such as PAS and NYFEA that help membersdevelop premier leadership, personal growth and career success.3. Supervised agricultural experience (SAE) programs that allowyou to apply knowledge and skills through experiential, service andwork-based learning opportunities.1.Give the Gift of BlueD ONAT E A PPLY NOM I NAT EFor those who have worn it,the iconic blue corduroy ismore than just a jacket— it isthe outward symbol of honor,faith and pride. It is thetradition that unifiesmembers of FFA everywhere.Some though, can’t afford tobe part of that tradition.GIVE the Gift of Blue by donating online to ensure that thistime-honored tradition lives on.RECEIVE the Gift of Blue by applying online for your ownjacket or nominating a member for this great opportunity.LEARN MORE AT FFA.ORG/GIVEBLUE2 Official FFA ManualFFA-15108 Official Manual Ad GTGOB-NEW.indd 16/4/15 1:33 PM

Official FFA ManualNational FFA Organization6060 FFA DriveP.O. Box 68960Indianapolis, IN 46268-0960(317) 802-6060(888) 332-2668FFA.orgNational FFA OrganizationHeadquartersUnited States Departmentof Education550 12th Street SWWashington, D.C. 20202National FFA HeadquartersOperations Office1410 King Street, Suite 400Alexandria, VA 22314(703) 838-5889For members of theNational FFA OrganizationMore than 85 years of service to youth in agricultureThe National FFA Organization is a resource and support organization that does not select,control or supervise state association, local chapter or individual member activities.The National FFA Organization affirms its belief in the value of all human beings and seeksdiversity in its membership, leadership and staff as an equal opportunity employer.Electronic text files for preparation of materials for the visually impaired can be obtained bycontacting the National FFA Organization’s educational resource specialist at (317) 802-6060.The Official FFA Manual is available on at no cost to you. This online version will beupdated each year and will serve as the official version of the manual. The print edition isavailable for purchase on 2015 National FFA Organization. All rights reserved.3

Official FFA ManualTable of ContentsThe FFA Mission and Strategies. 6» FFA HistoryWhat is FFA?. 8FFA Organization Structure. 9Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) Programs. 10Program of Activities.12Middle School Activities.12History of FFA.13History of New Farmers of America (NFA). 14Past National Presidents of FFA and NFA.15Historical Timeline of FFA. 16National FFA Organization Membership by State.21» FFA TraditionsEmblem.22Motto. 23Creed. 23Colors.24Salute.24Official Dress.24Proper Use of the FFA Jacket.25Give the Gift of Blue Program.25Responsibilities of Members.26The FFA Code of Ethics.26Kinds of FFA Membership.26FFA Degrees.27Procedure for Equating Hours Worked with Dollars Earned (American FFA Degree).30» FFA CeremoniesOpening and Closing Ceremonies.31Discovery FFA Degree Ceremony. 33Greenhand FFA Degree Ceremony.34Chapter FFA Degree Ceremony.36State FFA Degree Ceremony. 37American FFA Degree Ceremony.38Honorary Member Ceremony. 40FFA Alumni Membership Induction Ceremony. 41Ceremony for Installing Officers.42» FFA Chapter OperationsEssentials of a Successful Chapter.43Program of Activities. 44Chapter Officers. 46Becoming a State or National Officer. 48Chapter Meetings. 48Planning. 48Arranging the Meeting Room. 48The American Flag. 49Order of Business. 494

Parliamentary Procedure. 50Use of the Gavel. 50Summary of Parliamentary Motions.51Chapter Banquet.52Public Relations.53Tips for Social Networking.54FFA Resources.55» FFA Programs and EventsService Engagement.57Living to Serve.57Community Service.57Service-Learning.57National FFA Week.57Leadership Conferences.57State FFA Officer Leadership Continuum.58National FFA Convention & Expo.59» Awards and RecognitionsNational FFA Agriscience Fair. 61Career Development Events (CDEs) . 61National Chapter Award Program.62Model of Excellence.62Model of Innovation.62Outstanding Middle School.62Proficiency Awards.62SAE Grants.63Distinguished Service Citation.63VIP Citation. 64Scholarships. 64Star Awards. 64» Collegiate FFA Programs and ActivitiesNational Collegiate Agriculture Ambassadors.67New Century Farmer (NCF).67» National FFA Alumni Association.68» National FFA Foundation.69» National FFA PoliciesNational FFA Organization Constitution and Bylaws. 70Legislation: Public Law 105-225.82Official Board Policy on FFA Trademarks. 865

Official FFA ManualThis document connects the FFA mission to the FFA vision and explains how we deliver premierleadership, personal growth and career success. Over the years, the FFA mission and the FFA visionhave remained constant. How the mission is delivered has changed, and it will continue to do so inorder for FFA to remain relevant in the future.FFA is the premier youth development organization for agricultural education students that provideslife-changing experiences for its members. Those experiences are driven by a strong mission and acompelling vision.This “Delivery of the FFA Mission” document was created to serve as a reference guide to helpexplain the what, why and how of delivering the FFA mission.To learn more, visit and click on What is FFA/Delivery of the Mission.6

The FFA Mission andStrategiesCharacterDo you possess a collection of virtues bywhich to live your life?AwarenessDo you have a quest for purposefulunderstanding?FFA makes a positive difference in the livesof students by developing their potentialfor premier leadership, personal growthand career success through agriculturaleducation.Continuous ImprovementHave you shown the pursuit of learning andgrowth?To accomplish this mission, FFA: Develops competent and assertiveagricultural leadership. Increases awareness of the global andtechnological importance of agricultureand its contribution to our well-being. Strengthens agriculture students’confidence in themselves and their work. Promotes the intelligent choice andestablishment of an agricultural career. Encourages achievement in supervisedagricultural experience (SAE) programs. Encourages wise management of thecommunity’s economic, environmentaland human resources. Develops interpersonal skills in teamwork,communication, human relations andsocial interaction. Builds character and promotes citizenship,volunteerism and patriotism. Promotes cooperation and cooperativeattitudes among all people. Promotes healthy lifestyles. Encourages excellence in scholarship.Personal GrowthDefinition: The positive evolution of thewhole person.Physical GrowthAre you striving to remain healthy byunderstanding, respecting and managingyour body’s needs?Social GrowthCan you have successful interaction thatrespects the differences of a diverse andchanging society?Professional GrowthDo you have an awareness and application ofskills necessary for career success?Mental GrowthAre you developing the effective applicationof reasoning, thinking and coping?Emotional GrowthHave you experienced the development ofhealthy responses to your feelings?Spiritual GrowthDo you have the reflective inner strengthto allow you to define your personal beliefs,values, principles and sense of balance?FFA Mission PreceptsComponents of premier leadership, personalgrowth and career successCareer SuccessPremier LeadershipActionDo you have the skills and competenciesneeded to achieve the desired results?Definition: Continuously demonstratingthose qualities, attributes and skillsnecessary to succeed in, or further preparefor, a chosen profession while effectivelycontributing to society.RelationshipsCan you build a constituency throughlistening, coaching, understanding andappreciating others?CommunicationsHave you developed the oral, written andverbal means whereby interaction takesplace?VisionHave you set a clear image of what the futureshould be?Decision MakingDo you have the ability to analyze a situationand execute an appropriate course of action?Definition: Influence.7

Official FFA ManualFlexibility/AdaptabilityDo you have the traits that allow you to becapable of and willing to change?The following organizations make up TheNational Council for Agricultural Education: Agricultural Education Division of theAssociation for Career and TechnicalEducation (ACTE) American Association of AgriculturalEducators (AAAE) Association of Public and Land GrantUniversities (APLU) National Association of AgriculturalEducators (NAAE) National Association of Supervisors ofAgricultural Education (NASAE) National FFA Alumni Association National FFA Foundation, Inc. National FFA Organization National Farm & Ranch BusinessManagement Education Association(NFRBMEA) National Postsecondary AgriculturalStudent Organization (PAS) National Young Farmer EducationalAssociation (NYFEA)Technical/Function Skills in AgricultureDo you have the knowledge and skillsneeded for a career in agriculture and relatedindustries?The National Council forAgricultural Education( National Council for AgriculturalEducation is the coordinating leadershiporganization for shaping and strengtheningschool-based agricultural education at alllevels in the United States.The National Council for AgriculturalEducation Mission:The mission of The National Council forAgricultural Education is to establish highquality agricultural education programs inAmerica’s schools by stimulating: The preparation, retention andadvancement of high-quality agricultureeducators. The development of programs thatprepare students for academic and careersuccess. Program innovation and adaptability inresponse to changing student and industryneeds. The use of research-based practices inagricultural education programs at alllevels. Expanded opportunities for studentsto experience high-quality educationalprograms in agriculture.What is FFA?Because of its multi-faceted structure, FFAmembers face a continuing challenge fromthe public and news media when asked,“What do the letters FFA stand for?” or“What is FFA?” The following was developedby the National FFA Organization andapproved in January 2002 by the board ofdirectors. When providing information to thegeneral public and media in news releases,brochures, website postings or generalconversation, the following language shouldbe used to help position the organization andits proper name.What is FFA?FFA is a dynamic youth organization withinagricultural education that prepares studentsfor premier leadership, personal growth andcareer success. FFA was created in 1928 asthe Future Farmers of America; however,the name was changed to the National FFAOrganization in 1988 to reflect the growingdiversity of agriculture. Today, more than610,000 student members are engagedin a wide range of agricultural educationactivities, leading to over 300 careeropportunities in the agricultural science,food, fiber and natural resources industry.8

National FFA StructureYou! An FFA Member Collegiate Chapter Local FFAAlumni AffiliateLocal ChapterChapter MembersChapter OfficersChapter AdvisorChapter Advisory CommitteeSchool Administration and Board of Education State FFA AlumniAssociation State FFA FoundationState AssociationChapter DelegatesState OfficersState Advisor and State LeadersState Department of Education National FFAAlumni Association National FFAFoundationNational FFA OrganizationState DelegatesNational OfficersNational Advisory LeadersNational Board of DirectorsU.S. Department of EducationPossible district,area, regionor federationFFA associationsof directors and six student national officers.Together, they act on recommendationsfrom the national convention delegates andagricultural education’s stakeholders to setthe vision and policy for FFA. The directionand policy set by the board of directorsreflects the integral nature of FFA to theentire agricultural education program. Thenational FFA staff carries out the policiesand provides programs and services for theorganization. Just like chapter officers at thelocal level, the national officers represent themembers and actively guide the course ofthe organization during their year of service.A president, secretary and four regionalvice presidents are elected each year at thenational convention and expo.Student success remains the primary missionof FFA.What do the letters FFA stand for?The letters FFA stand for Future Farmersof America; however, the Future Farmersof America organization shall be knownand shall do business as the National FFAOrganization (Article I. Name, NationalConstitution and Bylaws). Over the past85 years, FFA and agricultural educationhave grown to encompass all aspectsof agriculture, from production farming,agribusiness and forestry to biotechnology,marketing and food processing.FFA OrganizationStructureState associations function within theconstitution of the national organizationbut may also create individual leadership,award and competition programs. Chaptersare chartered through the state associations.FFA is structured on three levels—local,state and national. (See chart above.) TheNational FFA Organization is led by a board9

Official FFA ManualSupervised AgriculturalExperience ProgramsIf you want to be the master of your universe,including what you learn in agriculturaleducation, your supervised agriculturalexperience program is a critical component.Your SAE is one of the best ways to controlwhat you learn, do and earn. There’s potentialto earn cash, awards and recognition in yourcommunity.Your SAE program is year-round and madeup of projects or enterprises where you applyagricultural skills and knowledge taught inthe classroom.There are six types of SAEs, some of whichmay be subdivided in your chapter or state.Your SAE program may include any one ofthese types or even a combination of severaltypes of enterprises or projects. Below arethe six types of SAEs and an example of each:1. Ownership/Entrepreneurship - Youwant to be the boss? Now’s your chance.Own and operate an agriculture-relatedbusiness or enterprise—start small andwatch what happens with hard work andperseverance. The basic requirement isthat you own the enterprise, equipmentand supplies, making the managementdecisions and taking financial risk, with theultimate goal of earning a profit. As partof an ownership/entrepreneurship SAE,you might own and operate a lawn careservice; produce bedding plants, flowersor crops; or raise animals or livestock.As on the national level, state officers leadthe membership of the associations and areelected by state convention delegates. Thenumber and types of officers at the statelevel may vary.The heart of the organization is at the locallevel. FFA chapters may be chartered in anypublic school with an agricultural educationprogram. Leadership is provided by studentofficers elected each year and the agricultureteacher who serves as an advisor to guidethe chapter. Officers include a president,vice president, secretary, treasurer, reporterand sentinel. Additional officers may beelected to serve other chapter needs, suchas a parliamentarian and historian. Moremembers can get involved in leadershippositions with a mini-chapter systemwhere each agriculture class elects its ownofficers. FFA is part of a larger program calledagricultural education. Agricultural educationworks to prepare students for futurecareers in agriculture through three integralcomponents: classroom and laboratoryinstruction, FFA and SAEs. All three areimportant to agricultural education’s success.2. P lacement/Internship - If you likeworking for someone else, this is theSAE for you. You’ll gain experience andknowledge, and you may be paid, too.Your job or internship could be on a farmor ranch or in an agricultural business,school laboratory or community facility.Track your progress by keeping recordsof the number of hours you work, yourresponsibilities and any earnings. Yourplacement SAE might involve workingafter school at a farm supply store, onSaturdays at a riding stable or even in aflorist shop. Placement programs also10

needs assessment; planning the goals,objectives and budget; implementationof the activity; promotion; and evaluation/reflection of a chosen project. It may be for aschool, a community organization, religiousinstitution, or non-profit organization.The student(s) are responsible for raisingnecessary funds for the project (if funds areneeded). A project must be a stand-aloneproject and not part of an ongoing chapterproject or community fundraiser. The projectmust present a challenge that requiresleadership but also something that studentscan do with unskilled helpers and within areasonable period of time. Service-learningSAEs may be individual or a small groupeffort amongst students.include activities where you volunteer yourtime, learning valuable skills, but are notpaid for your time. These unpaid hourscan be done as directed school laboratory,community service or service-learning hours.3. Agriscience Research andExperimentation - If you like to research,invent or analyze, this is the SAE foryou. You will plan and conduct a majoragricultural experiment using the scientificprocess and discover new knowledge.As a part of your research SAE, youverify and demonstrate or learn aboutscientific principals in agriculture. Sometypes of research opportunities includedetermining if phases

National Young Farmer Educational Association (NYFEA) What is FFA? Because of its multi-faceted structure, FFA members face a continuing challenge from the public and news media when asked, “What do the letters FFA stand for?” or “What is FFA?” The following was developed by the National FFA Organization and

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