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INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATIONLesson OverviewPurpose: To provide workers with introductoryinformation about OSHATopics:Introduction toOSHA1. Why is OSHA important to you?2. What rights do you have under OSHA?3. What responsibilities does your employer haveunder OSHA?4. What do the OSHA standards say?5. How are OSHA inspections conducted?6. Where can you go for help?1-hour LessonDirectorate of Training and EducationOSHA Training Institute2Large Group Discussion Questions Topic 1Why was OSHACreated?What is OSHA’sMission?OSHA’S MISSION3OSHA’s MissionWhy OSHA Was Created OSHA began because, until 1970, there wereno national laws for safety and healthhazards.On average, 15 workers die every day fromjob injuriesOver 5,600 Americans die from workplaceinjuries annuallyOver 4 million non-fatal workplace injuriesand illnesses are reported The mission of OSHA is to save lives, preventinjuries and protect the health of America’sworkers.Some of the things OSHA does to carry out itsmission are: developing job safety and health standards andenforcing them through worksite inspections, maintaining a reporting and recordkeeping system tokeep track of job-related injuries and illnesses, and providing training programs to increase knowledgeabout occupational safety and health.504.20104This Photo by Unknown Author islicensed under CC BY-SA61

INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATIONSmall Group Discussion Questions History of OSHAWhen, during your work experience, did youfirst hear about OSHA? What did you think about OSHA then? What do you think OSHA’s job is? OSHA stands for theOccupational Safety andHealth Administration, anagency of the U.S.Department of LaborOSHA’s responsibility isworker safety and healthprotectionOn December 29, 1970, President Nixon signedthe OSH ActThis Act created OSHA, the agency, whichformally came into being on April 28, 197178What do the OSHA Standards Say? OSHA standards fall into four categories: Topic 2 OSHA STANDARDSGeneral 51928Where there are no specific OSHA standards,employers must comply with The GeneralDuty Clause, Section 5(a)(1)9Understanding Standards10Most Frequently Cited StandardsMost Frequently Cited (MFC)- Shown are search results for: Allsizes of establishments, in Federaljurisdiction, with Construction SICcodes29 CFR 1910.178 (l) (1)(ii)1104.2010122

INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATION What is the Subpart for Personal ProtectiveEquipment? Subpart IWhat is the Subpart for Machinery andMachine Guarding? Subpart OTopic 3EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIESWhat topic does 1910, Subpart H cover?Hazardous Materials13 14KEEP RECORDS OF INJURIES AND ILLNESSESProvide a workplace free from recognized hazards andcomply with OSHA standardsProvide training required by OSHA standardsProvide medical exams when required by OSHAstandards and provide workers access to their exposureand medical recordsNot discriminate against workers who exercise theirrights under the Act (Section 11(c))Post OSHA citations and abatement verification noticesREPORTING AND RECORDING CHECKLISTEmployers must: Report work related fatalities – 8 Hours Report work related in-patient hospitalization,amputations and losses of an eye – 24 Hours Inform workers how to report an injury orillness to the employer Make records available to workers Allow OSHA access to records15OSHA 300 Log16 Keep records of injuries and illnessesPost annual summary of injuries & illnesses 1704.2010Does anyone wear personal protectiveequipment on their job?Employers are required to determine if PPEshould be used to protect their workers.Provide and pay for PPE183

INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATIONWorkers Rights & ResponsibilitiesWORKERS RIGHTSOSHA Provides Workers the Right to:Topic 4WORKERS RIGHTS /RESPONSIBILITIESA safe and healthful workplaceKnow about hazardous ConditionsInformation about injuries and illnesses in your workplaceComplain or request hazard correction from employerTraining as Provided in the OSHA StandardsHazard exposure and medical recordsFile a complaint with OSHAParticipate in an OSHA inspectionBe free from retaliation for exercising safety and health rights19Workers Rights & ResponsibilitiesWorkers Rights & Responsibilities 20The creation of OSHA providedworkers the right to a safe andhealthful workplace. Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act states: “Eachemployer shall furnish to each of hisemployees employment and a place ofemployment which are free from recognizedhazards that are causing or are likely tocause death or serious physical harm to hisemployees." Workers may bring up safety and healthconcerns in the workplace to their employerswithout fear of discharge or discrimination,as long as the complaint is made in goodfaith.OSHA regulations [29CFR 1977.9(c)] protectworkers who complain to their employerabout unsafe or unhealthful conditions in theworkplace.21Workers Rights & Responsibilities Workers Rights & ResponsibilitiesWorkers have a right toget training fromemployers on a variety ofhealth and safetyhazards and standardsthat employers mustfollow.Some required training covers topics such as,lockout-tagout, bloodborne pathogens, noise,confined spaces, fall hazards in construction,personal protective equipment, along with a varietyof other subjects. 1910.1020: right to examine & copy recordsExamples of toxic substances and harmfulphysical agents are: Metals and dusts, such as, lead, cadmium, andsilica. Biological agents, such as bacteria, viruses, andfungi. Physical stress, such as noise, heat, cold, vibration,repetitive motion, and ionizing and non-ionizingradiation.2304.201022244

INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATIONWorkers Rights & Responsibilities Workers Rights & ResponsibilitiesWorkers may file a complaint with OSHA ifthey believe a violation of a safety or healthstandard, or an imminent danger situation,exists in the workplace.Workers may request that their name not berevealed to the employer.If a worker files a complaint, they have theright to find out OSHA’s action on thecomplaint and request a review if aninspection is not made. Employee representative can accompanyOSHA inspectorWorkers can talk to the inspector privately.Workers may point out hazards, describeinjuries, illnesses or near misses that resultedfrom those hazards and describe any concernyou have about a safety or health issue.Workers can find out about inspectionresults, abatement measures and may objectto dates set for violation to be corrected.25Workers Rights & Responsibilities 26Small Group ActivityWorkers have the right to be free fromretaliation for exercising safety and healthrights.Workers have a right to seek safety andhealth on the job without fear of punishment.This right is spelled out in Section 11(c) ofthe OSH Act.Workers have 30 days to contact OSHA if theyfeel they have been punished for exercisingtheir safety and health tionOSHAExposureHazardousHealthful2728Enforcing Standards Section 5ENFORCING STANDARDS 2904.2010The OSH Act authorizes OSHA compliancesafety and health officers (CSHOs) to conductworkplace inspections at reasonable times.OSHA conducts inspections without advancenotice, except in rare circumstancesIn fact, anyone who tells an employer aboutan OSHA inspection in advance can receivefines and a jail term.305

INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATIONEnforcing StandardsEnforcing StandardsVIOLATION TYPEPriority1stCategory of InspectionImminent Danger:Reasonable certainty an immediate danger exists2ndFatality/Catastrophe:Reported to OSHA; inspected ASAP3rdComplaints/Referrals:Worker or worker representative can file a complaintabout a safety or health hazard4thProgrammed Inspections:Cover industries and employers with high injury andillness rates, specific hazards, or other exposures.PENALTYWILLFULA violation that the employer intentionally and knowinglycommits or a violation that the employer commits with plainindifference to the law.OSHA may propose penalties of up to 70,000 129,336 for each willfulviolation, with a minimum penalty of 5,000 for each willful violation.SERIOUSA violation where there is substantial probability that deathor serious physical harm could result and that the employerknew, or should have known, of the hazard.There is a mandatory penalty forserious violations which may be up to 7,000 12,934.OTHER-THAN-SERIOUSA violation that has a direct relationship to safety and health,but probably would not cause death or serious physicalharm.OSHA may propose a penalty of up to 7,000 12,934 for each other-thanserious violation.REPEATEDA violation that is the same or similar to a previous violation.OSHA may propose penalties of up to 70,000 129,336 for each repeatedviolation.31 32Give an example of a reason why OSHA wouldconduct an inspection at your workplace.What are the types of OSHA violations?Topic 6REPORTING SAFETY HAZARDS33Reporting Safety HazardsReporting Safety Hazards3504.201034366

INTRODUCTION TO OSHA PRESENTATIONWhistleblower ProtectionIf you have been punished ordiscriminated against for using yourrights, you must file a complaint withOSHA within 30 days of the allegedreprisal for most complaints.Section 7WORKER RESOURCES37Worker Resources Safety Data Sheet (SDS) Labels and warning signs Worker ResourcesEmployer or supervisor, co-workers andunion representatives 38 Employee orientation manuals or othertraining materials Work tasks and procedures instruction 3904.2010OSHA website: andOSHA offices (you can call or write)Compliance Assistance Specialists in the areaofficesNational Institute for Occupational Safety andHealth (NIOSH) – OSHA’s sister agencyOSHA Training Institute Education CentersDoctors, nurses, other health care providersPublic librariesOther local, community-based resources407

Nov 01, 2019 · OSHA 1-hour Lesson Directorate of Training and Education OSHA Training Institute Lesson Overview Purpose: To provide workers with introductory information about OSHA Topics: 1. Why is OSHA important to you? 2. What rights do you have under OSHA? 3. What responsibilities does your employer have under OSHA? 4. What do the OSHA standards say? 5.

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