Alamy Russian Language & Culture - British Council

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AlamyRussianLanguage& CultureEducation Pack1

ShutterstockIntroductionLanguages are the bedrock of theworld’s cultural heritage. Everylanguage offers a rich and uniqueinsight into different ways ofthinking and living as well as intothe history of the myriad of culturesand peoples across the globe.British Council: Languages for the FutureRussia is a fascinating, diverse country stretching over twocontinents with a rich culture and history. This education pack helpsprimary teachers to introduce some aspects of Russian languageand culture to their pupils. It contains lessons and assembly plans,factual information and resources to help pupils develop a deeperknowledge and understanding of the rich language and culture ofRussia and the lives of young Russians.The materials are designed to be flexible and adaptable for use in avariety of settings. They can be used as starting points for individuallessons and assemblies or form part of larger cross-curricular jointprojects involving collaboration over a number of subjects. Yourpupils can learn how to greet a friend in Russian and start to decodeits unfamiliar alphabet, find out about Russia’s exciting contributionto our understanding of space and make a balloon rocket. You canalso sample its rich literary heritage and get to know about daily lifein Russia from some of its young people.Did you know that Russia is the largest country in the world? It isabout 6000 miles in length and that means that when we are wakingup in the UK it is mid - morning in Moscow and nearly bedtime in thefar east.Russian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources2

Contentspage 2Assembly plan:Let’s find out about Russiapage 4Russian languagepage 12page 14Russian literaturepage 18Everyday life for young peoplepage 21Letters from Russian childrenpage 22Celebrationspage 25Russian food and recipespage 27Make a Fabergé eggpage 28Find out morepage 30 ShutterstockRussian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources Shutterstock ShutterstockRussians in space– balloon rocket challenge AlamyIntroduction3

AlamyAssembly plan:Information for teachersThese notes include background information and ideas thatyou can use or adapt for an assembly.Play some music by the Russian composer Pyotr IlyichTchaikovsky for your pupils to listen to as they come into andout of assembly. Tchaikovsky was probably the most popularRussian composer in history and is celebrated for his balletmusic, especially Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty and TheNutcracker.Begin the assembly with the Russian greeting for hello: привет– pronounced preev-yet. Then explain that in today’s assemblywe are going to find out about the country of Russia. Ask whatthey already know about this fascinating country? Did theyrecognise the music on the way in by the famous Russiancomposer Tchaikovsky? What did it make them think of?Have any of them danced to it?If you have pupils whose families are from Russia, you couldinvite them to help you to present the assembly and preparesome short phrases in Russian to demonstrate and translate.Russian Language & Culture Education pack embly slides1: Introduction to Russia2: Map of Russia3: Russian flag4: Russian alphabet5: Russian names6: Russian dolls7: The Crow and the Fox4

AlamySlide 1Russia is the largest country in the world.It is so big that it has 9 time zones and is partof two continents - both Europe and Asia.The border between the two continents runsthrough a mountain range called The UralMountains. On one side is Europe and on theother is Asia. A lot of Asian Russia is coveredin forest. It can be hot in the summer, butVERY cold in the winter.There are bears (and wolves and tigers) in theRussian forests! Bears in Russia (includingteddy bears and bears in stories) are knownas Миша (Misha, pronounced Meesha). Mishais a short form of the name Michael, likeMicky or Mike.Russian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources5

Slide 2Can you see that Russia shares borders with manycountries? Ask pupils sitting near the front to comeand point out some of the countries they can see onthe map and the location of the capital city Moscow.Russian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources6

Slide 3:Russian flag and architectureRussia’s main religion is Christianity, and themain denomination is the Russian OrthodoxChurch. Russian churches have “oniondomes”, sometimes covered in gold like thisone. There are a number of other religionspractised too, including Islam.This is the Russian flag. Many other countries’ flags alsohave red, white and blue stripes. One way to rememberwhich is the Russian flag, is that it shows the red earthunder blue water with a white snowy sky on top. Shutterstock ShutterstockRussian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources7

Slide 4The alphabet used by the Russian language has 33 letters andis called the Cyrillic alphabet, (named after Cyril the monk who issaid to have created it). It is used by a variety of languages, withsome slight variations, around the world including many Slavoniclanguages such as Bulgarian and Serbian and others, including manyof the non-Slavonic languages of the former USSR and Mongolianwithin the Peoples’ Republic of Mongolia.You can see some Russian letters in this grid. Some of the letterslook familiar, but some are completely different. Can the pupilsspot letters that look like English (Latin alphabet) letters?Letters that don’t lookLetters in disguise! They look likeLetters that look like Englishletters and sound like them too. English letters but sound different. like English letters at all! Аа Ее Кк Мм Оо Ттsounds like cat Ввsounds like verysounds like yellow Ннsounds like netsounds like kettle Ррsounds like redsounds like man Ссsounds like snowsounds like offer Ууsounds like boomsounds like tiger Ххsounds like ha!Russian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources Бб Гг Ии Лл Пп Фф Шшsounds like ballsounds like goalsounds like meetsounds like lovesounds like potsounds like footsounds like shoe8

ShutterstockSlide 5:Russian namesAll Russians have middle names that are based on their father’sfirst name. This is formed by adding an ending to their father’sfirst name. A boy would add an ending such as -ovich. A girlwould add an ending such as –ovna. So for example, Harry Potterwhose father’s name was James, would be Harry JamesovitchPotter and Ginny Weasley would be Ginny Arthurovna Weasley.However, it can be a bit more complicated as there is no H soundin Russian, so Harry Potter is known as Gary Potter in Russian.Invite a boy and girl who you know will be comfortable to talkabout their family, to come out and tell you the first name oftheir father. Ask them to have a go at making a Russian versionof their name.Russian Language & Culture Education pack www.britishcouncil.org/schoolsonline9

Russian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources ShutterstockSlide 6Other familiar objects that are often associatedwith Russia include decorated wooden dolls witha secret inside them known as – a матрёшка (ormat-ryosh-ka) in Russian. One well known Russiandoll maker has made a matryoshka set thatincluded seventy-two figures! If you are able tofind a set of Russian dolls, demonstrate and askthe pupils to guess how many smaller dolls theythink will be inside before revealing them.10

Slide 7Slide6: ?TheCrowand the FoxHow many times has the world been told?That flattery is vile and harmful?But it has done no good:In the heart the flatterer always finds a little corner.God sent to a Crow somewhere a little piece of cheese.Having settled herself on a fir tree,The Crow prepared to breakfast.Russia is well known for its stories andliterature. To conclude the assembly, readaloud a famous Russian fable by IvanKrylov about a vain crow and a cunningfox. Perhaps ask pupils to help you byholding up pictures or puppets as you tellthe story. Fables always contain morals intheir stories. Ask your pupils if this storyreminds them of any other fables theyknow. What do they think is the moral ofthis Russian tale?She grew thoughtful, holding the cheese in her beak.Unfortunately, a Fox happened to be running near:The scent of the cheese stopped the Fox in her tracks:She saw the cheese and was captivated by it.The cunning creature approached the tree on tiptoe.Twitching her tail, and not taking her eyes off the Crow.She said so sweetly, scarcely breathing:“My dear, how beautiful you are:What a neck you have, what wonderful eyes!They are such as to be found only in fairy tales!What feathers! What a nose!And indeed, angelic must be your voice!Sing, my dear, don’t be shy! If, little sister.With such beauty you are also good at singing,Surely you would be our queen of birds!”From flattery the Crow’s head was turned,With delight her breath was taken away;And at the friendly Fox’s wordsShe cawed with all her might.The cheese fell - and was caught by the cunning Fox.The Fables of Ivan Krylov by Ivan Krylov. 1809-44.Translated by Stephen Pimenoff. Publ. Dedalus 201711 ShutterstockRussian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources

Curriculum Links: LanguagesCore skills: Communication and collaborationLearning objectives: To find out more about the Russian alphabet,learn how to greet someone and count from 1 – 10 in Russian.An introduction to RussianLanguage Русский языкInformation for teachersOver 150 million people speak Russian, making it the 8th mostcommonly spoken language in the world. In the UK, about 65,000people speak Russian as one of their main languages. It is alsospoken in many other countries, such as Uzbekistan, Belarus, Latvia,Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Lithuania, Azerbaijan. Moldova and Estonia.The Russian alphabet is phonetic. However, it’s not as difficult toread as you might think. Some of the letters are the same as Englishones, and once you recognise the letters, you can read aloud inRussian and a Russian person will understand you.Russia is such a large country that you would think that there mustbe lots of different dialects and accents, but that is not the case.Once you can speak Russian, you can usually understand and beunderstood by anyone else who speaks it.Russian Language & Culture Education pack re the copy of part of theRussian alphabet on slide 4, whichcontains some of the most commonletters in Russian.Discuss other languages that are written using different alphabets.Ask your pupils to choose a Russian letter from the third column,‘trace’ it with their fingers, and then write it on mini whiteboards.Then quiz their partner who will try to say the sound of the letter outloud. Ask them to try writing a secret message - English words inRussian letters – and ask their partner to decode it. A full version ofthe Russian alphabet can be found in Appendix 1 at the end ofthe pack.Partner school activities ShutterstockFor English speaking learners of the language, the Russian alphabet anbe divided into 3 main groups: letters similar or identical to English,letters similar in appearance to English but which have differentsounds, and those totally alien to the English reader, though somehave very similar sounds to English!Resources: You will need copies of Russian greetings, letters andnumbers on the activity sheet, access to the Internet.If you are working with a partner school, youcould share secret messages with your partnerschool to translate.12

Activity sheet 1The Russian alphabetGreeting and counting in RussianWatch a short clip of two people greeting each other inRussian. https://vimeo.com/421587519. Encourage your pupils tolisten carefully to these Russian phrases. Ask them to try sayingthem aloud, and then work with a partner to introduce themselvesin Russian. The phonetic pronunciation is in brackets.You could also try counting from zero to ten in Russianusing the following information and short videohttps://vimeo.com/421587746 and learning some moreRussian phrases using an app such as Duolingo1 – Один (adeen)2 – Два (dva)3 – Три (tree)Привет (preevyet) – hi (informal)5 – Пять (pyat)Как дела ? (kak dela ?) – how are you?7 – Семь (seeyem)Плохо (plokha) – bad9 – Девять (dyehvyet)До свидания (da svidaniya) – good bye4 – Четыре (chiteereh)Пока (paka) – bye/see you later (informal)6 – Шесть (shest)Хорошо (harasho) – good8 – Восемь (voseeyem)Спасибо (spasiba) – thank you10 – Десять (dyehsyet) ShutterstockЗдравствуйте (zdravstvuyute) – helloКак тебя зовут? (Kak teeb-ya zavoot?) – what is your name?Меня зовут Ольга (Menya zavoot Olga) – My name is OlgaДа (da) – yesНет (nyet) – noRussian Language & Culture Education pack https://www.britishcouncil.org/school-resources13

ShutterstockRussians in spaceNotes for teachers to share with pupilsRussia was one of the leaders in the early years of spaceexploration. It achieved a number of pioneeringaccomplishments and continues to be actively involved in thisfield of science today. These achievements included Sputnik 1, theworld’s first satellite which was launched on October 4th 1957 froma launchpad in Kazakhstan - used by all Russian space flights since.Sputnik 1 was 58cm in diameter and designed to be circular likethe planets. A lot of people saw the light of Sputnik’s rocket boosteron the night of the launch and radio enthusiasts could pick up itssignals. It took 96 minutes to orbit the earth and travelled at 29,000km/hour. It kept going for 3 months then burned and fell backto earth.Russia also sent the first men and women into space. On 12 April1961, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin squeezed into the Vostok 1 capsule.He orbited the earth once in 108

An introduction to Russian Language § ª« Information for teachers Over 150 million people speak Russian, making it the 8th most commonly spoken language in the world. In the UK, about 65,000 people speak Russian as one of their main languages. It is also spoken in many other countries, such as Uzbekistan, Belarus, Latvia,

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