PART I Instructions:Shade The Letter Of The Correct Answer .

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PART IInstructions: Shade the letter of the correct answer on the machine scorable answer sheetprovided.SECTION ATOTAL VALUE: 42%Instructions: Do ALL of the Questions in Part I, Section A.1.Which plate boundary in the source below resulted from tensional forces?(A)(B)(C)(D)2.Which type of volcano is broad, flat and has thin liquid lava flows?(A)(B)(C)(D)3.ABCDash and cindercompositelava domeshieldWhich type of physical weathering occurs when rock peels off in rounded sheets?(A)(B)(C)(D)exfoliationfrost fractureoxidationplant growthPage 1 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

4.What stage of the river’s life cycle is illustrated below?(A)(B)(C)(D)5.Which is the process by which rivers erode their beds?(A)(B)(C)(D)6.late maturitymaturityold ageyouthexfoliationlateral erosionoxidationvertical erosionWhat type of delta is illustrated in the graphic efinger-likeWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 2 of 30

7.Which refers to a large boulder or rock differing in character from the pre-existing rockon which it rests?(A)(B)(C)(D)8.Which two features are a result of alpine glaciation?(A)(B)(C)(D)9.elevationprevailing windsrevolutionrotationWhich is true regarding cloud cover and temperature range?(A)(B)(C)(D)12.sea archsea cavespitstackWhich is responsible for the four seasons on Earth?(A)(B)(C)(D)11.arête and cirquearête and eskerdrumlin and cirquedrumlin and eskerWhich coastal feature is illustrated by the arrow in the diagram below?(A)(B)(C)(D)10.drumlinerraticoutwash plainterminal moraineCloud cover does not impact temperature range.Cloud cover only impacts temperature range in the daytime.Many clouds increase temperature range.No cloud cover creates the greatest temperature range.Which describes the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere?(A)(B)(C)(D)equal length of day and nightmid-day sun is directly overhead at its farthest point northmid-day sun is directly overhead at its farthest point southoccurs twice per yearPage 3 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

13.Which best represents the impact of global warming on the Greenhouse Effect?(A)(B)(C)(D)14.Which is true regarding the development of a land breeze?(A)(B)(C)(D)15.Winds are deflected to the left of their paths.Winds are deflected to the right of their paths.Winds move from high to low pressure with no deflection.Winds move from low to high pressure with no deflection.Which type of climate is represented below?(A)(B)(C)(D)17.high pressure develops over the sealand cools faster than the sealow pressure develops over the landocean cools faster than the landWhich describes the impact of the Coriolis effect in the Southern Hemisphere?(A)(B)(C)(D)16.decreases precipitationincreases temperaturestabilizes precipitationstabilizes temperaturetemperate coldtemperate mildtropical wettropical wet and dryAt which location would the greatest amount of orographic rainfall occur?Prevailing Wind(A)(B)(C)(D)6ABCDWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 4 of 30

18.Which graph shows the relationship between temperature range and distance inlandduring a summer season?(A)(B)(C)(D)19.Which best describes energy flow throughout an ecosystem?(A)(B)(C)(D)Decomposers obtain energy from 3rd level consumers only.Energy flows from 3rd level consumers to 2nd level consumers.10-15% of energy is passed from one trophic level to the next.There is no energy transfer from one trophic level to the next.Page 5 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

20.Which world ecosystem matches the description below? (A)(B)(C)(D)21.boreal forest º temperate forest º tropical rain forest º tundraboreal forest º temperate forest º tundra º tropical rain foresttundra º boreal forest º temperate forest º tropical rain foresttundra º boreal forest º tropical rain forest º temperate forestBased on the graph below, which soil texture would be least suitable for growing crops?(A)(B)(C)(D)23.boreal forestsavannascrubtemperate forestWhich pattern best describes the change in ecosystems from polar regions to the equator?(A)(B)(C)(D)22.long, snowy winterssummers have moderate temperaturesvegetation is dominated by thick forests of needle-leaf trees10% sand; 30% clay; 60% silt20% sand; 60% clay; 20% silt40% sand; 20% clay; 40% silt60% sand; 30% clay; 10% siltWhich refers to a tractor in a farming operation?(A)(B)(C)(D)human inputhuman processnatural inputnatural processWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 6 of 30

24.Which crop is most suited to the climatic conditions described below? (A)(B)(C)(D)25.27.olivesorangeswatermelonwheatAt which location would shifting cultivation take place?(A)(B)(C)(D)26.large annual temperature range (-10EC to 25EC)less than 75 cm of annual precipitationABCDBased on the table below, what characteristic accurately illustrates the difference betweencommercial and subsistence ldlowlowWhich type of extensive agriculture requires the movement of farmers to obtain food andwater for their animals?(A)(B)(C)(D)agribusinessmixed farmingnomadic herdingshifting cultivationPage 7 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

28.Which is true regarding selective cutting?(A)(B)(C)(D)29.Which would be considered a human factor in an offshore oil and gas operation?(A)(B)(C)(D)30.anticline trapfault trapoil depositoil rigWhich type of oil rig is most suitable for drilling in water greater than 2000 metres deep?(A)(B)(C)(D)31.few roads to be maintainedhigh yieldsleast ecologically damagingvery inexpensivejack-upsemi-submersible anchoredsemi-submersible dynamically positionedsubmersibleBased on the graph below, what is most true within the Ugandan fishery between 19902002?(A)(B)(C)(D)catch has generally declinedcatch has generally increasedexports have generally declinedexports have generally increasedWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 8 of 30

32.33.Which fishing technology would be most damaging to the marine ecosystem?(A)gill netting(B)otter trawling(C)purse seining(D)trollingWhich is a human input in steel manufacturing?(A)(B)(C)(D)34.iron orelabor forcelandpower supplyWhich is an example of a conditioning process?(A)(B)(C)(D)cod cakecod chowdercod filletcod nuggetPage 9 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

35.Which manufacturing operations are best illustrated by custom jewelry-making?(A)(B)(C)(D)36.Which describes products created by heavy industry?(A)(B)(C)(D) and heavy-industrycapital-intensive and light industrylabour-intensive and heavy industrylabour intensive and light industrycreated for the general consumergenerally light in weightmade from bulky raw materialsusually transported by airWhich type of industry location is described below? hich is true regarding tertiary activities?(A)(B)(C)(D)41.emergency room doctorfiremaninsurance brokerpolice officerWhich sector of the economy is directly involved in the development of technology andinformation services?(A)(B)(C)(D)40.agglomerating tendencymarket-orientedresource-orientedtertiary activityWhich is the best example of a private tertiary activity?(A)(B)(C)(D)39.raw materials are heavy and relatively low value for weightprocessing results in overall weight decreaseAs a country becomes wealthier, the tertiary sector expands.As a country becomes wealthier, the tertiary sector shrinks.Developed countries have low levels of tertiary employment.Developing countries have high levels of tertiary employment.Which country in the table below is the most economically developed?Literacy RateGNP per capitaPopulation in Agriculture(A)50 % 24062 %(B)58 % 3 89023%(C)80 % 14 20514%(D)95 % 13 5807%World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 10 of 30

42.According to the graph below, which stage represents a country that is most developed?(A)(B)(C)(D)stage 1stage 2stage 3stage 4SECTION BDo only ONE of the Units in Section B.Either:Or:TOTAL VALUE: 8%Unit 6 - Population Distribution and GrowthUnit 7 - Settlement and UrbanizationUNIT 6 - Population Distribution and Growth43.What does population density indicate?(A)(B)(C)(D)44.Which formula is used to calculate the population growth rate of a country?(A)(B)(C)(D)45.actual population decrease of an areaactual population increase of an areanumber of births / deaths per unit areanumber of people per unit area(absolute change / original population) x 100(birth immigrants) - (deaths emigrants)birth rate - death ratepopulation / land areaWhat is the growth rate of Country Y?At the present rate of population growth, the population of Country X will double in1500 years; whereas, the population of Country Y will double in 8 years.(A)(B)(C)(D)decliningfastmoderateslowPage 11 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

46.Which best reflects the problem of overpopulation resulting from the characteristicsbelow? (A)(B)(C)(D)47.economicenvironmentalhealth / socialpoliticalWhich factor contributes to a graying population?(A)(B)(C)(D)48.environmental pollutantsimproved medical careincreasing death rateslow life expectancyWhich population concept is represented by the arrival of refugees into Canada?(A)(B)(C)(D)49.50.unsanitary living conditionsepidemicslow life expectancyemigrationimmigrationintervening obstaclerepel factorAccording to the table below, which country shows an actual decrease in population?# of Births# of Deaths# of Immigrants# of Emigrants(A)100 000227 00040 00075 000(B)475 000300 000125 00060 000(C)3 762 000175 000116 000426 000(D)38 650 00017 700 0002 750 0001 750 000Which may be used by government to accurately determine future housing concerns forseniors?(A)(B)(C)(D)census datademographic transitiondependency ratiopopulation densityWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 12 of 30

Unit 7 - Settlement and UrbanizationNote: If you are completing this unit, please ensure you shade bubbles for 51-58.51.Which term is best defined by the statement below?any built-up area with a population of 1000 or more and a population density of 400or more per square kilometre(A)(B)(C)(D)52.Which factors would best account for the trend shown in the chart below for a country?(A)(B)(C)(D)53.YearUrban (%)Rural 41990772319987723higher levels of industrial pollution in urban areashigher wages and job opportunities in urban areaslower crime rates in rural areaslower taxes in rural areasWhich characteristic best describes the advantage of an acropolis site?(A)(B)(C)(D)54.linear settlementloose knit settlementrural areaurban areagreater access to inland resourcesmaximum access to river frontagenatural defensesafe harbourWhich is the location of a place relative to other areas or physical tionPage 13 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

55.56.Which set of city population statistics best illustrates a rank-size city arrangement?Population ofLargest CityPopulation of 2ndLargest CityPopulation of 3rdLargest CityPopulation of 4thLargest City(A)800 000725 000475 000250 000(B)4 300 0003 500 0001 800 0001 000 000(C)7 750 0003 250 0002 250 0001 850 000(D)8 250 0001 500 000750 000250 000Which generally results when large cities plan land use activities?(A)(B)(C)(D)57.Which is a settlement where buildings are grouped closely together, usually having awell-defined nucleus?(A)(B)(C)(D)58.conflict between residential and industrial areas is avoidedindustrial agglomeration is avoidedsize of public areas is reducedtraffic speeds are reducedcompactcompositelinearloose-knitWhich city land use zone is shown in the graphic ntialWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 14 of 30

PART IISECTION ATOTAL VALUE: 8%Instructions: Do ALL questions in PART II, Section A.Value4%59.Explain why the owl could be greatly impacted by a pesticide introduced at theprimary trophic level.Page 15 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

Value4%60.Many countries have rich offshore oil resources they have known about for manyyears and have not developed. Explain two factors which could account for thislack of development.World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 16 of 30

SECTION BTOTAL VALUE: 4%Do only ONE of the Units in Section B.Either:Or:Unit 6 - Population Distribution and Growth (# 61)Unit 7 - Settlement and Urbanization (# 62)UNIT 6 - Population Distribution and GrowthValue4%61.Based on the demographic transition model and the population pyramid below,provide two reasons to explain the stage in which Canada can be classified in2008.Page 17 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

UNIT 7 - Settlement and UrbanizationValue4%62.Explain two physical factors that have influenced the settlement of Site X.World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 18 of 30

Part IISection CTOTAL VALUE: 28%Instructions: Do ALL questions in PART II, Section C.Units 1-5CASE STUDY 1: Earthquake Destruction: A Closer LookAn earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of storedenergy in the crust that transmits seismic waves. At Earth’s surface, earthquakes may manifestthemselves by a shaking or displacement of the ground and sometimes results in large wavesknown as tsunamis.Most of the world’s earthquakes take place in the40 000 km long, horseshoe-shaped zone calledthe Pacific Ring of Fire, which for the most partbounds the Pacific Plate. Massive earthquakestend to occur along other plate boundaries, too,such as the Himalaya Mountains. Minorearthquakes happen every day around the world,but most of them go unnoticed and cause nodamage. Large earthquakes, however, can causeserious destruction, loss of property, and loss oflife. Most large earthquakes are alsoaccompanied by other, smaller ones that canoccur either before or after the main shock.The severity of an earthquake can be measured interms of intensity and magnitude. The analysis ofearthquake severity allows scientists to estimatethe locations and likelihood of futureearthquakes. This helps identify areas of greatesthazard and ensures the safety of people andinfrastructure located in such areas.Figure 1 depicts tectonic plates in the regions near the Indian subcontinent where earthquakeactivity is common.2005 Pakistan EarthquakeThe Pakistan earthquake occurred on October 8th, 2005. It registered a magnitude of seven pointsix on the Richter scale. Most of the affected people lived in the mountainous regions whereaccess was blocked by landslides, leaving an estimated 3.3 million homeless in Pakistan. TheUnited Nations reported that 4 million people were directly affected at the worst possible time –just prior to winter snowfall in the Himalayan region. It is estimated that damages incurred werewell over 5 billion Canadian.Table 12005 Pakistan Earthquake SummaryDateMagnitudeCountries affectedDeathsInjuriesOctober 8, 20057.6Pakistan, India, Afghanistan74 500 106 000 Page 19 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

Resulting DamagesAs Saturday is a normal school day in the region, most students were at school when theearthquake struck. Many were buried under collapsed school buildings. Many people were alsotrapped in their homes and, because it was the month of Ramadan, most people were taking a napafter their pre-dawn meal and did not have time to escape during the earthquake. Entire townsand villages were completely wiped out in Northern Pakistan with surrounding areas alsosuffering severe damage. On October 26th, the government urged people at higher elevations tocome to valleys and cities for relief because bad weather, mountainous terrain, landslides andblocked roads were making it difficult for relief workers to reach each house and winter stormswere imminent.Figure 2An assessment of the buildings in urban areasrevealed that 60% were built of unreinforcedconcrete block. Seventy percent of these poorlyconstructed buildings collapsed and wereresponsible for the majority of deaths and injuries.Rescue and Relief OperationsDistributing relief supplies to victims wasespecially urgent as the victims faced the risk ofexposure to cold weather due to the region’s highaltitude and the approaching winter. Manyareas had no power and were without adequatefood and water which increased the spread ofdisease. Food, medicine, tents and blanketswere quickly identified by relief workers asessential items.At least 150 people were trapped beneath therubble when an apartment tower collapsed inIslamabad.Relief efforts in many remote villages were hampered as roads were buried in rubble and manyaffected areas remained inaccessible. Rescue required heavy equipment to clear roads and rescuesurvivors buried under earthquake wreckage. However, many rescuers had nothing to use buttheir bare hands and pickaxes. Rescue efforts were also affected by the numerous aftershocksthat continued to rattle the region. To make the situation even worse, on October 13th, snowstarted on the Indian side of Kashmir. This caused more people to be cut off from help as snowclosed more roads in the mountain region.Lasting Effects: One Year LaterOne year after October’s massive Pakistan earthquake, nearly two-million people faced theHimalayan winter without proper shelter. Teachers in the area were still using make-shiftschools and many children were too frightened to come back to class. Most survivors lived inthe same basic tents they erected 12 months before and they indicated that conditions weregetting worse, not better. The camps were crowded, the tents leaked, and fresh drinking waterwas hard to find.The international aid agency Oxfam said it was much the same story throughout the quake zone.The earthquake had left more than three million people homeless.“In those camps where 40 000 people live, they have not had a lot of attention since lastyear, so the tents are run down and the facilities have not been maintained as well as theycould have been.”Kate Simpson – International Aid Worker (Oxfam)Construction began on thousands of new homes throughout the region. The governmentpromised about 1 200 to every family that lost property in the earthquake, and distributed nearly 500 million for construction projects. Nevertheless, Kate Simpson, an international aid worker,says nearly two million people were living in temporary shelters and only about one in fivefamilies affected by the earthquake were able to start construction on permanent houses.World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 20 of 30

“Many of the quake survivors are also starved for information; how to apply forcompensation, where to pick up the money and, critically, how to properly rebuild theirhomes. Because the risk of future earthquakes is a significant issue, when people arerebuilding they need information on how to rebuild safely.”Kate Simpson – International Aid Worker (Oxfam)Value4%63.Using the case study and your geographical knowledge, provide two waysresidents of this region respond to earthquake destruction.Value4%64.Pakistan’s and Kashmir’s low level of development has slowed recovery effortsfrom the earthquake. Describe two social or economic factors that contributed tothis problem.Page 21 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

Value6%65.Using the case study and your geographical knowledge, propose three possiblesolutions to decrease deaths, injuries and the amount of property damage that mayoccur in future earthquakes.World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 22 of 30

Units 1-5CASE STUDY 2: The Power of PlaceGeneral Motors (GM) announced in January 1985 that it was designing an entirely new car calledthe Saturn, and it would need a factory somewhere in the United States to build it. Theannouncement touched off a fierce competition among states and localities to become home forthe plant. General Motors used geographic factors of site and situation to narrow the choice oflocations and to make the final selection.General Motors felt that the most critical factor was the cost of delivering assembled vehiclesfrom the factory to the consumer. The company calculated the optimal location for the plant tobe within a 1.2 million square kilometre area with a radius of roughly 500 kilometres centered onsouth central Ohio. Locations outside the circle were calculated to add between 400 and 500per vehicle in freight charges, in part because truck drivers would be required to stop overnightmore often, as well as drive longer distances.Figure 1General Motors began toexamine other factors thatwould influence their finaldecision. The search waslimited to a 400 hectare siteless than 50 kilometres froma metropolitan area of at least250,000 people, which alsocontained a major universityand airport. The site also hadto be near two major longdistance interstate highwaysand a rail line. Eleven majormetropolitan areas met thiscriteria.Topographic maps were crucial to the selection committee in narrowing down the choices.These maps displayed elements of the human landscape, such as roads, rail lines, dams andbuildings, as well as physical features such as lakes, rivers, and forests. These maps alsodisplayed contour lines which helped the committee determine if sites were hilly or flat.If the sites under consideration passed the topographic screening process, additional informationwas selected including the suitability of soil for construction, neighboring landscape activitiesand the number of owners on the potential selection site. Also of concern were local tax ratesand the cost and availability of utilities such as water, sewer, natural gas and electricity.After seven months of study, GM announced its factory site: Spring Hill, Tennessee, then avillage of 100 inhabitants, 50 kilometres south of Nashville. The first Saturn rolled off theassembly line in 1990.Just-in-time DeliveryMany automobile manufacturers in the United States have adopted a Japanese production methodknown as “just-in-time delivery”.Just-in-time is an inventory control system based on the idea that instead of maintaining largeinventories of parts within a car manufacturing facility, each workstation on an assembly linekeeps only a few hours supply of parts on hand at any given time. Very small amounts of partsare ordered by workers as they are used. Once an installer finishes with one container of parts, anew one drops into place, and the worker pulls his inventory ticket and processes the new order.The order is then sent to nearby parts suppliers located chiefly on the highways Routes 65 and75 (Figure 2) where parts are packaged and delivered to the factory for installation within abouteight hours. No paperwork, no middle managers, and most importantly, no space-consuming idleinventory.Page 23 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

Just-in-time manufacturing is reshaping the factory floor and is, on a much larger scale, alsochanging the geography of parts supply networks. The old mass production process more easilyaccommodated parts shipped from around the world - an engine from Germany, a transmissionfrom Japan, bumpers from Korea - as an integrated individual car was produced. But just-in-timeputs a premium on proximity and quality control. Parts suppliers in the Midwest have settledalong two major highways, near the assembly plants they serve.Distance and Accessibility Transportation NetworksFigure 2Why did Japanese automakers set upproduction in the Midwest? The answer isdistance and accessibility. The majorautomakers of Japan have virtually eliminatedthe greatest portion of their shipping costs bysetting up shop in the midst of their market.The centrality of the Midwest, not only to alarge consumer base but also to existing partsmanufacturers and suppliers, was a keyelement in the transmigration of this industry.The placement of these new factories waslinked to transportation networks alreadyexisting in the U.S. infrastructure. Whenchoosing factory sites, the Japaneseconsidered the proximity of existing partsmanufacturers to new factory sites and todefined highway systems. This increased theefficiency of parts ordering while,simultaneously, the just-in-time productionmethod decreased the need for large inventorystorage.World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 24 of 30

Value4%66.Automobile manufacturers use site and situation factors in deciding the locationof their factories. Explain the concepts of site and situation and provide oneexample of each from the case study.Value4%67.Using evidence from the case study, explain whether GM’s Saturn factory iseither market or resource-oriented. Provide two pieces of evidence to supportyour choice.Page 25 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

Value6%68.Anytime factories locate in an area, there is concern about pollution and theenvironment. Industry has grown in the Spring Hill area in recent years creatingenvironmental concerns. Identify three environmental risks threatening theSpring Hill area and propose a solution for each.World Geography 3202 August 2009Page 26 of 30

SECTION DTOTAL VALUE: 10%Do only ONE of the Units in Section D. Note: Both units use Case Study 3 below.Either:Or:Unit 6 - Population Distribution and Growth (#s 69 and 70)Unit 7 - Settlement and Urbanization (#s 71 and 72)CASE STUDY 3: Population Change and UrbanizationThroughout most of human history the world’s population has lived a rural lifestyle, but itspopulation is quickly moving to cities. For example, in 1950, less than 30% of people lived inurban areas. This figure grew to 47% by the year 2000 and is expected to exceed 60% by 2025.Presently, developed countries have a higher percentage of urban residents than developingcountries; nevertheless, it is expected that most of the future urban growth will take place inpoorer countries. The rate of urbanization in both types of countries is significantly impactingthe land.Figure 1: Urbanization Growth Rate: Developed and Developing CountriesWhy So Much Urbanization?Urban areas are rapidly growing throughout the world because of natural increases inpopulations. However, migration is also a key demographic factor. While much of the rural tourban movement takes place within the borders of countries, migration between countries isincreasing because of various push and pull factors. Generally, international migration consistsof refugees and labourers that move in search of jobs and a better lifestyle. It is estimated thatgreater than 2% of the world’s population have moved from their country of origin in search ofthese goals.Table 1: Population Change for Selected Countries, 1971-2007CountryEcuadorEl SalvadorMexicoSudanUgandaPopulation 19715 890 0003 390 00048 933 00015 186 0009 500 000Population 1991Population 200710 700 00013 760 0005 300 0006 950 00088 600 000108 700 00025 200 00039 380 00018 000 00023 300 000(Estimated to nearest thousand)In agricultural economies, people are often “pushed” from their land because of the law ofdiminishing returns. Simply put, this means that because of advanced technology only a certainnumber of individuals are needed to make some rural farms profitable. Moreover, the prices paidto these farmers for their outputs compared to the prices they must pay for inputs cause many ofthem to live below the poverty line.Page 27 of 30World Geography 3202 August 2009

In addition to the push factors which drive many from rural lands, strong pull factors exist whichattract these individuals to urban areas. The strongest factor is “agglomerating economies.” Insummary, geographers use this term to refer to the savings one can get by serving the needs of alarge and growing market place in a concentrated urban area. As a result, distance is reducedbetween producer and consumer, thereby favouring many potential labourers.Population Growth and UrbanizationAn interesting aspect of urbanization started in North America following the Second World War.Suburban living symbolized the American dream of returning to nature in search of a betterquality of life. In Europe, as well, urbanization continued. It is estimated, for example, thatbetween 1969 and 1999 the urbanized land areas of France increased five times. Opponents ofsuch rapid growth are concerned with increased traffic, pollution of air and water, flooding andloss of agricultural land, parks and open space. They also believe the strain placed ontransportation and water and sewer infrastructures are issues which need to be addressed.The pattern of urban growth in many developing countries, as illustrated in Figure 1, is alsorequiring the usage of more land. In many of the countries of East Asia, for example, improvedcommunication and transportation linkages make outlying areas more accessible to the migrantworkforce. As a result, some of these areas are transformed from agriculture to manufacturingeconomies. Conversely while some areas are beginning to prosper, in other large citiesthroughout the world such as Mexico City, nearly 40% of the city-dwellers face issues related topoverty and destruction of the environment.“As roads stretch cities to new limits, paving over farms and forests, polluting air and water,and wasting motor fuel, {urbanization} is beginning to seriously endanger the planet. Whatwe need now is for some prominent national capitals to demonstrate what a shift towardmore compact, energy efficient, and people - friendly urban design can do.”Molly O’ Meara Sheehan, Author, “What Will It Take to Halt Sprawl?”“. we now need to build urban areas yet again that are at least equivalent in size to thecities we have already built, we need to do it better, and we need to do it in a very shorttime.”S. Angel, Dynamics of Global ExpansionWorld Geography 3202 August 2009Page 28 of 30

SECTION DTOTAL VALUE: 10%Do only ONE of the Units in Section D.Either:Or:Unit 6 - Population Distribution and Growth (#s 69 and 70)Unit 7 - Settlement and Urbanization (#s 71 and 72)Unit 6 - Population Distribution and GrowthValue4%69.Using examples from the case study, describe two push a

(A) boreal forest º temperate forest º tropical rain forest º tundra (B) boreal forest º temperate forest º tundra º tropical rain forest (C) tundra º boreal forest º temperate forest º tropical rain forest (D) tundra º boreal forest º tropical rain forest º temperate forest 22. Based on the

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