Exodus 28 - Kukis

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Exodus 28Written and compiled by Gary KukisExodus 28:1–43Instructions for the Clothing Worn by the PriestsThese studies are designed for believers in Jesus Christ only. If you have exercised faith in Christ, then you arein the right place. If you have not, then you need to heed the words of our Lord, Who said, “For God so loved theworld that He gave His only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son, so that every [one] believing [or, trusting] in Him shallnot perish, but shall be have eternal life! For God did not send His Son into the world so that He should judge theworld, but so that the world shall be saved through Him. The one believing [or, trusting] in Him is not judged, butthe one not believing has already been judged, because he has not believed in the Name of the only-begotten [or,uniquely-born] Son of God.” (John 3:16–18). “I am the Way and the Truth and the Life! No one comes to theFather except through [or, by means of] Me!” (John 14:6).Every study of the Word of God ought to be preceded by a naming of your sins to God. This restores you tofellowship with God (1John 1:8–10). If there are people around, you would name these sins silently. If there isno one around, then it does not matter if you name them silently or whether you speak aloud.Document NavigationPreface and QuotationsOutline of ChapterCharts, Graphics, Short DoctrinesDoctrines Alluded toDictionary of TermsIntroduction and TextChapter SummaryAddendumA Complete TranslationVerse NavigationExodus 28:1–3Exodus 28:4Exodus 28:5–7Exodus 28:8Exodus 28:9–11Exodus 28:12Exodus 28:13–14Exodus 28:15–16Exodus 28:17–21Exodus 28:22–25Exodus 28:26–28Exodus 28:29Exodus 28:30Exodus 28:31–32Exodus 28:33–34Exodus 28:35Exodus 28:36–38Exodus 28:39Exodus 28:40–41Exodus 28:42–43Links to the word-by-word, verse-by-verse studies of Exodus (HTML) (PDF) (WPD) (that is what this documentis). This incorporates 2 previous studies done in the book of Exodus. However, much of this material was throwntogether without careful editing. Therefore, from time to time, there will be concepts and exegetical material whichwill be repeated, because there was no overall editing done once all of this material was combined.There is a second, less complete set of weekly lessons of Exodus (HTML) (PDF) (WPD). Every word of thatstudy can be found in this word-by-word, verse-by-verse study.This study makes reference to a wide-range of sources. There are quotations from doctrinal teachers, of course;but from Catholic commentaries and from other sources as well. Wherever I found relevant truth, I quoted fromit or was inspired by it. Even though it is clear that some churches have a better concept of our reason for beinghere, that does not mean that there is no truth to be found anywhere else. So, from time to time, I will quote fromJohn Calvin, even though I do not subscribe to 5-point Calvinism; I will quote from some Catholic sources, even

Exodus Chapter 282though I believe that they are very wrong regarding Mary, the pope, apostolic succession and other such doctrines.The intention is for this to be the most thorough and accurate study of Exodus available anywhere.Also, it is not necessary that you read the grey Hebrew exegesis tables. They are set apart from the rest ofthe study so that you can easily skip over them (based upon the suggestion of a friend). However, if you everdoubt the translation of a word, phrase or a verse, these translation tables are then available.Preface: This chapter describes how the uniforms for the priests (Aaron and his descendants) are to be made.The Bible Summary of Exodus 28 (in 140 characters or less): Set apart Aaron and his sons to ministeras priests. Make a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a tunic, a turban and a sash for them.1There are many chapter commentaries on the book of Exodus. This will be the most extensive examination ofExodus 28, where you will be able to examine in depth every word of the original text. Every attempt has beenmade to make this both a complete and self-contained study. Therefore, all references, vocabulary, and relatedconcepts should be found within this extensive study. Easy access links to more in-depth studies of somevocabulary words, concepts and doctrines are also provided.Quotations:Outline of Chapter 3031–3536–383940–43Garments for the High PriestThe EphodThe BreastplateThe Robe (an Undercoat)The Plate/HatBasic Materials to be UsedClothing for Aaron and his DescendantsChapter SummaryAddendumCharts, Graphics and Short troductionThe Garments of the High Priest (a graphic)Titles and/or Brief Descriptions of Exodus 28 (by various commentators)Brief, but insightful observations of Exodus 28 (various commentators)Fundamental Questions About Exodus 28The Prequel of Exodus 28The Principals of Exodus 28The Places of Exodus 28By the NumbersTimeline for Exodus 28From http://www.biblesummary.info/exodus accessed June 26, 2017.

3The Book of A Synopsis of Exodus 28Outlines of Exodus 28 (Various Commentators)A Synopsis of Exodus 28 from the Summarized BibleThe Big Picture (Exodus 25–30)Paragraph Divisions of Modern Translation for Exodus 28Changes—additions and subtractions (for Exodus 28)4The Ephod and Its Component Parts (a graphic)788The Ephod of the High Priest (a photo of a mockup)The Belt (Sash or Girdle) (a graphic)The (Barefoot) Priest in Full Regalia (a photo of a mockup)11111212The Two Onxy Stones with the Names on Them (a photograph)The Stone of Remembrance (a graphic)Onyx Stones on the Priest’s shoulders (a photo)The Shoulder Pieces (a slide)1414One Setting and One Chain (a photo of a mockup)The Ephod (a graphic)1617Garments of the High Priest (a graphic)The Breast Plate (graphic and text)2125The Stones of the Breastpiece (a graphic)Exodus 28:22–25 (a photo of a mockup)2929The Breastpiece (a graphic with text)The Ephod of the High Priest (a graphic with text)30Urim and Thummim (a graphic)32323434353637383939Exodus 28:31–32 (a graphic)Robe for the High Priest (a graphic)Pomegranates and Golden Bells (photo of a mockup)The Bells and the Pomegranates at the Hem (a graphic)Exodus 28:35 How does the wearing of the bells preserve Aaron? (commentators)The Golden Plate (photo of a mockup)The Turban and the Crown of Aaron (a graphic)The Anatomy of the Jewish High Priest (a graphic)The Tunic (a photo of a mockup)Aaron’s Garments and Their Possible Meanings (a graphic)

Exodus Chapter 28v.v.v.v.v.v.440Modern Israeli Skull Caps (a photograph)42The Priestly Boxer Shorts (a SummarySummaryA Set of Summary Doctrines and CommentaryWhy Exodus 28 is in the Word of GodWhat We Learn from Exodus 28Jesus Christ in Exodus 28Garments of the High Priest (a graphic from Exodus 28)Shmoop Summary of Exodus 28Edersheim Summarizes Exodus ’ History of this Time PeriodA Complete Translation of Exodus 28Doctrinal Teachers Who Have Taught Exodus 28Word Cloud from a Reasonably Literal Paraphrase of Exodus 28Word Cloud from Exegesis of Exodus 28Beginning of DocumentChapter OutlineCharts, Graphics, Short DoctrinesIntroduction and TextFirst VerseAddendumwww.kukis.orgExodus folderExegetical Studies in ExodusDoctrines Covered or Alluded ToAdditional doctrines and links are found in Definition of Terms below.Chapters of the Bible Alluded To and/or Appropriately Exegeted with this ChapterMany who read and study this chapter are 1st or 2nd generation students of R. B. Thieme, Jr., so that much ofthis vocabulary is second nature. One of Bob’s contributions to theology is a fresh vocabulary along with anumber of concepts which are theologically new or reworked, yet still orthodox. Therefore, if you are unfamiliarwith his work, the definitions below will help you to fully understand all that is being said. Also, I have developeda few new terms and concepts which require definition as well.In addition, there are other more traditional yet technical theological terms which will be used and thereforedefined as well.Sometimes the terms in the exegesis of this chapter are simply alluded to, without any in-depth explanation ofthem. Sometimes, these terms are explained in detail and illustrated. A collection of all these terms is foundhere: (HTML) (PDF) (WPD). Often, the terms below are linked to complete doctrines.

5The Book of ExodusDefinition of TermsChurch AgeThe period of time in history where God works through the body of believers, also knownas the church. This age began on the Day of Pentecost, following our Lord’s resurrectionand ascension, and continues today. See the Three Dispensations: The Age of Israel,the Age of the Hypostatic Union and the Church Age (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).LeviticalPriesthoodLevi, one of the tribes of Israel, was entrusted with the spiritual responsibilities of Israel.One branch of Levites, the descendants of Aaron, would make up what is called theLevitical Priesthood. See the Priesthoods of God and the Priesthoods of Man (HTML)(PDF) (WPD).PriesthoodIn the Old Testament, priests, in general, represented man before God. They offeredanimal sacrifices on our behalf. The Levitical priesthood is actually a reference to Aaronand his descendants, all of whom were potentially priests under the dispensation of Israel.Aaronic priests had specific duties, outlined in the Law of Moses; but, essentially, theyrepresented man to God, through animal sacrifices; and they taught the Law of God to thepeople. The High Priest is a type of Christ. See the Priesthoods of God and of Man:(HTML) (PDF) (WPD).Rebound(Restoration tofellowship withGod)In the New Testament, this is naming your sins to God, so that you are both restored totemporal fellowship with God and are then filled with the Spirit of God. In the OldTestament, naming your sins to God would result in a restoration of fellowship and, insome cases, the empowerment of the Holy Spirit once again (the Holy Spirit was not givento all Old Testament believers). See the Doctrine of Rebound (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).Type, Typical,TypologyA type is a preordained representation wherein certain persons, events, and institutionsof the O.T. stand for corresponding persons, events, and institutions of the N.T. Types arepictures or object lessons by which God has taught His redemptive plan. They are ashadow of things to come, not the image of those things (Col. 2:17 Heb. 8:5 10:1). TheMosaic system, for example, was a kind of kindergarten in which God's people weretrained in divine things and taught to look forward to the realities of things yet to come.2See Typology (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).Some of these definitions are taken p://www.gbible.org/index.php?proc definitions/http://www.theopedia.com/Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short Doctrines——————————An Introduction to Exodus 28ntroduction: Exodus 28 covers the clothing to be worn by those in the Levitical priesthood (two separatelinks; one for the Levitical Priesthood and the other for the Priesthood). The gifts to underwrite these garmentsare named in Exodus 35:20–29 and the manufacturing of these garments is alluded to in Exodus 35:30–35.The actual construction of these garments is described in Exodus 39.IThe Garments of the High Priest (a graphic); from Carpe Diem Dona; accessed January 4, 2021.2From Dake, accessed October 15, 2013.

Exodus Chapter 286There is a fair amount of interpretation given overto the exact look of the priest. Sometimes, thereare even disagreements as to what part of hisuniform is what. I have always understood theEphod to be the larger term for the breastplate andwhat holds it on; but this person sees it assomething separate from that entirely.A general description of this uniform is given in v. 4.In the section of vv. 5–7, under the Kaplantranslation, there are a number of possibledescriptions offered.The Complete Tanakhappears to be more dogmatic in its description ofthe Ephod.Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesTitles and/or Brief Descriptions of Exodus 28 (by various commentators)Chapter OutlineCharts, Maps and Short DoctrinesSometimes, a commentator will begin with a good observation of this chapter of the Bible.Brief, but insightful observations of Exodus 28 (various commentators)Chapter OutlineCharts, Maps and Short DoctrinesAs I study a chapter, questions will occur to me—some of them important and many of them minor. Not all ofthese questions will be satisfactorily answered.Fundamental Questions About Exodus 28

7The Book of ExodusChapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesIt is important to understand what has gone before.The Prequel of Exodus 28Exodus 28 will begin withChapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesWe need to know who the people are who populate this chapter.The Principals of Exodus 28CharactersCommentaryChapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesWe need to know where this chapter takes place.The Places of Exodus 28PlaceDescriptionChapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesBy the NumbersItemDuration; size

Exodus Chapter 288By the NumbersItemDuration; sizeChapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesTimeline for Exodus 28LegendBirth or deathGod speaks with AbrahamHistorical incidents (most of which are related to Abraham)Parenthetical dates (2065 B.C.) simply refer to taking the date assigned by the chronologist and using Scriptureto determine the next date.The entire Abrahamic Timeline (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).The entire Patriarchal Timeline (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).Much of the commentary on the far right came from others’ works (like Brent MacDonald).BrentMacDonaldSteve Rudd1805 B.C.1806 B.C.Age of MosesReese’sChronologyBibleScripture1606 B.C.Gen. 50:26Exodus 6:1Joseph dies at age 1101625 B.C.(1620 B.C.)Num. 26:58Birth of Amram (Levi’sgrandson, Moses’ father.1590 B.C.(1584 B.C.)Event/DescriptionThe death of Levi (age 137)Reese occasionally supplies 2 dates in his Chronological Bible; the first is his and the second is Klassen’s.1606–1462 B.C.1783 B.C.1570 B.C.Gen. 47:27Exodus 1:7From the Patriarchs to theExodus.1656 B.C.Hyksos begin ruling inEgypt (Semite kings).1556 B.C.Defeat of Hyksos dynasty1557–1532 B.C.Ahmose reign (wifeNefertiri); beginning of the18th Dynasty in Egypt.

9The Book of ExodusBrentMacDonaldSteve Rudd1546 B.C.1532–1511 B.C.Age of ptionAmuntotep reign1580 B.C.(1542 B.C.)Exodus 1:8–141526 B.C.Egyptian bondage andoppression increases.Amuntotep kills children1522 B.C.1526 B.C.0Exodus 2:2Birth of Moses1522 B.C.1526 B.C.Exodus 2:5Hatshepsut, age 15, adoptsbaby Moses.1526 B.C.1511–1498 B.C.Thutmose I reign (wifeAhmose)1514 B.C.1498–1485 B.C.Thutmose II – Hatshepsut(his half-sister and co-ruler)Pharaohs of OppressionHatshepsut continues reignwith Thutmose III1504 B.C.1466 B.C.Num. 11:29Ex. 33:11Birth of JoshuaMoses flees to Midian toescape the wrath ofThutmose III. PharaohExodus 2:11-15Thutmose III now rulesActs 7:23Egypt alone, subsequentlydestroying most traces ofHatshepsut.1482 B.C.Egypt - PharaohAmenhotep II (alt.Amenophis II). He was notthe oldest son of ThutmoseIII. Bloodthirsty; liked handto hand combat, led troopsinto battle with howls ofrage.1450 B.C.1446 B.C.Ex. 4:18-5:11Kings 6:11446 B.C.Moses leads people out ofEgypt; the beginning of theexodus. note 3. ScriptureEx. 12:40-41does not state that Pharaohwas killed at this time (readabout it here).1446 B.C.Egypt - Moses returns andconfronts Amenhotep II.

Exodus Chapter 28BrentMacDonald10Steve RuddAge of ptionSinai (Marah, Elim,Rephidim, Mount Sinai, etc.)- Israel in wilderness 40years (Exodus 16:35). Atimeline of stops on theExodus is here.1424 B.C.Egypt - Pharaoh ThutmoseIV (alt. Tuthmosis IV)reigns, son of Amenhotep IIand lesser wife Tiaa. Hewas not the oldest son. Haddream at the sphinx that hewould rule - recorded onstele there.1414 B.C.Egypt - PharaohAmenhotep III (alt.Amenophis III). The clossiof Memnon are all thatremains of his temple nearThebes.1402 B.C.Deut. 1:1, 5Israel - Moses writes andteaches the book ofDeuteronomy in land ofMoab.Deut. 34:7Moses dies at Mount Neboat 120 years oold1402 B.C.120Joshua crosses JordanRiver.1406 B.C.Israel - Conquests ofJoshua in Promised Landbegin. Battle of Jericho.1401 B.C.BibliographyMacDonald’s timeline is from: http://www.bibleistrue.com/qna/qna63.htm accessed January 29, 2016.See http://www.bibleistrue.com/qna/qna63dating.htm for his justification of his timeline.Steve Rudd from odus-route-date-1440bc.jpg accessedJanuary 29, 2016.The Reese Chronological Bible; KJV translation; Editor: Edward Reese; 1977 by Edward Reese and Klassen’s datingsystem 1975 by Frank R. Klassen; h1980 by Bethany House Publishers, South Minneapolis, MN; pp. 18–19, 54–74.Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short Doctrines

11The Book of ExodusHere is what to expect from Exodus 28:A Synopsis of Exodus 28Like all chapters of the Word of God, you need more than just the simple plot outline to understand what Godwants us to know.Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesOutlines of Exodus 28 (Various Commentators)Chapter OutlineCharts, Maps and Short DoctrinesA Synopsis of Exodus 28 from the Summarized BibleContents: Directions about the priesthood.Characters: God, Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Eleazar, Ithmar.Conclusion: The believer need never fear God has forgotten him for the Great High Priest bears the names ofHis own on His breast before God, presenting them as “those accepted in the beloved.”Key Word: Ministry, Exo 28:1.Strong Verses: Exo 28:29, Exo 28:41.Striking Facts: Every true believer, through identification with Christ, is an earthly priest of God’s family(Rev 1:8) properly clothed for the work, (Rev 19:7, Rev 19:8), and should be duly consecrated and sanctifiedfor his work of testimony.Keith L. Brooks, Summarized Bible; Complete Summary of the Bible; 1919; from e-Sword, Ex. 28.Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesIt is helpful to see what came before and what follows in a brief summary.

Exodus Chapter 2812The Big Picture (Exodus 25–30)ScriptureText/CommentaryExodus 25God describes the ceremonial things which are to be made/built. A description of the sacredfurniture is given: the Ark of the Covenant, the Mercy Seat, the Table of Showbread, and theGolden Lampstand.Exodus 26God describes how the Tabernacle is to be designed, as well as the Holy of Holies. Wherethe furniture is to be placed is also described.Exodus 27The Altar, the Courtyard area, and the oil for the Lamp are described.Exodus 28A description of the priest’s clothing, including the Ephod and the Breastpiece, is given.Exodus 29The consecration of the priests is described.The Altar of Incense, the Bronze Basin, the anointing oil, and the incense are described.Exodus 30God speaks of the redemption price which must be paid for each person.Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesThe first chapter heading sometimes does double duty, giving an overall view of the chapter and/or telling whatthe first section is about. I make an attempt to find 5 translations with very different divisions.Paragraph Divisions of Modern Translations for Exodus 28NASBNKJVNRSVTEVNJB (FOLLOWS MT)Inspired by Dr. Bob Utley, Copyright 2014 Bible Lessons International; www.freebiblecommentary.org.Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesChanges—additions and subtractions (for Exodus 28): Very often, when I begin a new chapter, I have eitherdiscovered a new translations, a new commentary; or have decided to leave out a particular translation orcommentary. Sometimes, I make a minor formatting change. I have always placed such comments before thebeginning of the first verse. So one formatting change is, the addition of this more formal approach to changes,giving it a section of its own. Many times, if I like a change a lot, I will occasionally go back and make that changein previous chapters.

13The Book of ExodusPreviously in the weekly study of Genesis, I used the Modern KJV translation (this is the second set of originalnotes placed in the chapter-by-chapter study of Genesis). For the book of Exodus, I will use the New King JamesVersion (unless otherwise noted), which is a superior (but not perfect) translation. Therefore, an unnamedtranslation of Exodus will either be the NKJV or it will be one of the three original translations developed for eachchapter.I have decided to drop the New Revised Standard Version or the Scriptures 1998 (which was rarely different fromthe Scriptures 2009). I rarely used those translations.As I have done previously, since this chapters is what God is saying to Moses, I will begin and end the chapterwith quotation marks. I will not insert a new set of quotation marks for each new paragraph.I will place numerous photos and graphics throughout, to help ascertain what the High Priest’s uniform looked like;and to help make the descriptions easier to understand. Even though I will note where the graphics came from,I can almost guarantee that these pages are not where these graphics were originated.I need to look back at previous chapters and see if they might be helped by the insertion of graphics.——————————Chapter OutlineCharts, Graphics and Short DoctrinesGarments for the High Priestcompare Exodus 39:1As always, 3 separate translations will be produced for each verse. The slavishly literal translation attempts topreserve word order and number, making it more literal than Young’s translation (however, I do not preserve theconsistency of the translation that Young does). The moderately literal translation may add or delete a definitearticle, change the number of a noun to correspond with the English sense of thinking, and the order is oftenchanged in order to better represent our English sentence structure. The paraphrase is an attempt to give athought-for-thought interpretation of what each verse tells us.Kukis slavishly literal:Kukis moderately literal:“And you [even] you bring near unto youAaron your brother and his sons with himfrom a midst of sons of Israel to him servingas a priest to Me: Aaron, Nadab and Abihu,Eleazar and Ithamar, sons of Aaron. And youhave made garments of holiness for Aaronyour brother for glory and for splendor. Andyou will speak unto all [those] wise of heartwho I have filled with a spirit of wisdom. Andthey have made garments of Aaron toconsecrate him to him serving as a priest toMe.“You will bring Aaron your brother near to youand his sons with him out from the sons ofIsrael to serve Me as a priest. [Assemble,therefore] Aaron, along with Nadab and Abihu,Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron. Youwill make set-apart garments for your brotherAaron [designed] for honor and splendor. Youwill give instructions to all [those who have] awise heart, [and to those] whom I have filledwith a wise spirit. They will make garments forAaron [and for his sons] to consecrate him, toserve as a priest to Me.Kukis not-so-literal paraphrase:Exodus28:1–3

Exodus Chapter 2814“You will bring your brother Aaron and his sons away from the people of Israel and they will serve aspriests—specifically, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. You will manufacture specific andappropriate clothing for them which give them an air of sanctity, honor and flair. You will give the properinstructions to the craftsmen whose hearts are filled with Bible doctrine, those whom I have filled witha wise spirit. They will make the clothing for Aaron and his sons, which clothes will set them apart so thatthey may serve as priests to Me.Here is how others have translated this verse:Ancient texts:Note: I compare the Hebrew text to English translations of the Latin, Syriac( Aramaic) and Greek texts, using the Douay-Rheims translation3; George Lamsa’stranslation, and Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton’s translation as revised and editedby Paul W. Esposito, respectively. I often update these texts with non-substantivechanges (e.g., you for thou, etc.). I often use the text of the Complete Apostles’Bible instead of Brenton’s translation, because it updates the English text.The Septuagint was the earliest known translation of a book (circa 200 B.C.). Sincethis translation was made before the textual criticism had been developed into ascience and because different books appear to be translated by different men, theGreek translation can sometimes be very uneven.When there are serious disparities between my translation and Brenton’s (or thetext of the Complete Apostles’ Bible), I look at the Greek text of the Septuagint (theLXX) to see if a substantive difference actually exists (and I reflect these changesin the English rendering of the Greek text). I use the Greek LXX with Strong’snumbers and morphology available for e-sword. The only problem with thisresource (which is a problem for similar resources) is, there is no way to furtherexplore Greek verbs which are not found in the New Testament. Although I usuallyquote the Complete Apostles’ Bible here, I have begun to make changes in thetranslation when their translation conflicts with the Greek and note what thosechanges are.The Masoretic text is the Hebrew text with all of the vowels (vowel points) inserted(the original Hebrew text lacked vowels). We take the Masoretic text to be the textclosest to the original. However, differences between the Masoretic text and theGreek, Latin and Syriac are worth noting and, once in a great while, represent amore accurate text possessed by those other ancient translators.In general, the Latin text is an outstanding translation from the Hebrew text intoLatin and very trustworthy (I say this as a non-Catholic). Unfortunately, I do notread Latin—apart from some very obvious words—so I am dependent upon theEnglish translation of the Latin (principally, the Douay-Rheims translation).The comparisons which I do are primarily between the English translations whichare taken from the ancient tongues. For the most part, the variances are so minorthat I rarely investigate them any further than that.Underlined words indicate differences in the text.Bracketed portions of the Dead Sea Scrolls are words, letters and phrases lost inthe scroll due to various types of damage. Underlined words or phrases are thosein the Dead Sea Scrolls but not in the Masoretic text.3I have begun to doubt my e-sword Douay-Rheims version, so I now use www.latinvulgate.com.

15The Book of ExodusI will only list the translation from the Dead Sea Scrolls if it exists and if it is differentfrom the Masoretic text.The Targum of Onkelos is actually the Pentateuchal Targumim, which are TheTargums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel. On the Pentateuch With TheFragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee by J. W. Etheridge, M.A.From http://www.becomingjewish.org/texts/targum/onkelos Exodus.html andfirst published in 1862.Occasionally, there is an obvious error in the English translation, and I correct thosewithout additional mention or footnoting. For instance, the online version of theTargum of Onkelos which I use has gorund in Ex. 4:9; I simply corrected the text.This may occur once or twice in a chapter.I attempt to include translations which are different in their vocabulary and phrasing.On many occasions, I may include a translation which is not substantially differentthan another listed translation.Most of the translations can be found here.The very fact that we have ancient Greek, Latin, Syriac and Arabic translations ofthe Bible testifies to its accuracy. There may be a difference word or phrase hereor there; the Greek may have a singular where the Hebrew has a plural, but thereis no set of doctrines in the Latin Bible which are any different from those found inthe Greek Bible or the Syriac Bible. These different cultures when they chose totranslate the Bible chose to translate it as accurately as possible. Where humanviewpoint would expect to find doctrinal differences between the Bible of theHebrews, of the Greeks or of the Romans, no such differences exist.Ancient texts:Masoretic Text (Hebrew)“And you [even] you bring near unto you Aaron your brother and his sons with himfrom a midst of sons of Israel to him serving as a priest to Me: Aaron, Nadab andAbihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, sons of Aaron. And you have made garments ofholiness for Aaron your brother for glory and for splendor. And you will speak untoall [those] wise of heart who I have filled with a spirit of wisdom. And they havemade garments of Aaron to consecrate him to him serving as a priest to Me.Dead Sea Scrolls.Targum (Onkelos)And thou, bring to thee Aharon thy brother and his sons with him from among thesons of Israel, that they may minister before Me; Aharou, Nadab and Abihu, Elazarand Ithamar, sons of Aharon. And thou shalt make the holy vestments for Aharonthy brother for glory and for praise. And speak thou with all the wise of heart whomI have filled with the Spirit of wisdom, that they make the vestments of Aharon toconsecrate him to minister before Me. Translation for Onkelos and PseudoJonathan by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. (1862).Targum (Pseudo-Jonathan) And thou, bring near to thee Aharon thy brother, and his sons with him, from amongthe sons of Israel, to minister before Me: Aharon, Nadab, and Abihu, Elazar andIthamar, the sons of Aharon. And thou shalt make garments of holiness for Aharonthy brother, for glory and for praise. And thou shalt speak with all who are wise ofheart

Exodus Chapter 28 4 v. v. 40 Modern Israeli Skull Caps (a photograph) v. v. v. 42 The Priestly Boxer Shorts (a graphic) v. Summary A Set of Summary Doctrines and Commentary Summary Why Exodus 28 is in the Word of God Summary What We Learn from Exodus 28 Summary Jesus Christ in Exodus 28 Summary Garments of

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Genesis 24:28-26:35 Genesis 27-29 Genesis 30:1-31:42 Genesis 31:43-34:31 Genesis 35:1-37:24 Genesis 37:25-40:8 Genesis 40:9-42:28 Genesis 42:29-45:15 Genesis 45:16-48:7 Genesis 48:8-50:26; Exodus 1 Exodus 2:1-5:9 Exodus 5:10-8:15 Exodus 8:16-11:10 Exodus 12:1-14:20 Exodus 14:21-17:16 Exodus 18:1-21:21 Exodus 21:22-25

Day 16 - Exodus 19, Exodus 20:1-21, John 1:14-17, Hebrews 8:7-13 Day 17 - Exodus 20:22-26, Exodus 21, Isaiah 44:6, Matthew 22:36-40 Day 18 - Exodus 22, Exodus 23:

Exodus Chapter 34 4 v. v. v. v. v. 21 Exodus 34:21 (WEB) (a graphic) v. 22 What is the Feast of Tabernacles / Booths / Sukkoth? (From Got Questions) v. 26 “You will not boil a kid in its mother’s milk” (from several expositors) v. 27 Short Excursus on Solemn Nature of Covenant (from Precept Austin) v. 28 Exodus 34:27–28 (from Sina

the book of Exodus, we are able to see how we can respond in these difficult and joyful times. Contents Week One: Exodus 3:1-10 2 Invitation to a Journey with God Week Two: Exodus 3:7-4:16 4 Saying Yes to God Week Three: Exodus 4:29-5:2, 7:13-24, 8:1-15, 9:13-35, 11:1-10 6 Idolatry: Our Biggest Plague Week Four: Exodus 13:17-22, 14:1-31 9

13. The Heavenly Plan - Ark to the Brazen Altar The Human Practice - Brazen Altar to the Ark 14. Scripture gives at least 5 names to the Tabernacle 1. A Sanctuary - Exodus 25:8 2. Tabernacle - Exodus 25:9 3. Tent - Exodus 26:36 4. Tabernacle of the Congregation - Exodus 29:42 5. Tabernacle of Testimony - Exodus 38:21 15.

40. Exodus 17–18 40. Matthew 21:1–17 Psalm 105 traces the history of Israel from Egypt into the wilderness. 41. Psalm 105 41. Matthew 21:18–32 42. Exodus 19–20 42. Matthew 21:33–46 43 Exodus 21–22:15 43. Matthew 22:1–22 44. Exodus 22:16–23 44. Matthew 22:23–46 45. Exodus 24–25:30 45.

EXODUS 20:1-17 MEMORY VERSE: EXODUS 20:3 PREPARE TO LEAD THE GROUP TIME READ Exodus 19:1–24:18, First Thoughts (p. 64), and Understand the Context (pp. 64–65). Make notes about words and phrases that may require additional explanation during the group Bible study session. STUDY Exodus 20:1

May 18, 2020 – Mr. Burgess The Exodus from Egypt Read: Exodus 15:1-21 Key Verse: Exodus 15:11 As we near the end of the school year, I think we should look back and celebrate what God has

Exodus 1-18 Introduction The book of Exodus, volume 2 of the Pentateuch, develops the story that Genesis began. Exodus shows the outworking of the nation aspect of the 4-part covenant God made with Abraham: A great nation, a great land, a great name, and a great blessing (Genesis 12:1

Exodus 34:29-35 I didn’t realize how appropriate the title, “God Provides,” was until I began studying Exodus in preparation for sermons each week this summer. Back in April 4-5 members of our staff team met over lunch to do some

Feb 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ruary Old Te 1 Exodus 1 2 Exodus 1 3 Exodus 1 4 Exodus 1

A Deuteronomy, Numbers, Leviticus, Exodus, Genesis B Exodus, Deuteronomy, Genesis, Numbers, Leviticus C Leviticus, Genesis, Numbers, Exodus, Deuteronomy D Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Which day is considered the spiritual birthday of the Church? A Christmas B Pentecost C The Annunciation D Ascension Thursday Test

Exodus Study Guide 2 2 LESSON ONE OVERVIEW OF THE BOOK Exodus 1-40 Its Position Exodus is a part of a pentalogy, one of five works which build upon one another.The Pentateuch, penta- (five) teuchos (books) was likely written for the benefit of the second generation to l

Exodus Pt. II- The Covenant with God’s People Lesson Ten Page 5 Sidebars 1.For Further Study: Learn more about Joshua's preparation for leadership in Exodus 24:13; Exodus 32:17; Exodus 33:11; Numbers

Sinai in order that they become His people (Exodus 19:3-6), why are the events in Exodus 33:7-11 so poignant?22 Provide other evidence that the covenant of Exodus 19-24 has been broken and annulled! A. In Exodus 32:9-10 Adonai threatens to annihilate the entire nation! Were it not for

1. Exodus 33:1-6. How Will God be Present to Israel? 2. Exodus 33:7-11. Moses and God fiface-to-facefl 3. Exodus 33:12-17. God decides to dwell with Israel 4.

Tourism 2020 is a whole-of-government and industry strategy to build the resilience and competitiveness of Australia’s tourism industry and to increase its economic contribution to Australia’s economy. When the Tourism 2020 goal was introduced, it was set at between 115 billion to 140 billion in overnight visitor expenditure, reflecting a range of scenarios, from holding market share to .