ETSI Newsletter 2 12 - DKE

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THE STANDARDNews From ETSI . Issue 1, 2018ETSI creates City Digital Profile group on Smart CitiesCities to procure interoperable smart solutions for their citizensETSI has created a new IndustrySpecification Group “City Digital Profile”(ISG CDP). It will help accelerate thedelivery of integrated citizen servicesand provide a technology road mapfor city leaders who will benefit fromstandardized solutions from theirsuppliers.In providing this technology frameworkand clear roadmap for technologyinvestment and deployment,market confidence levels in the cityinfrastructure investments shouldincrease and in addition this will givecities the possibility to replicate thosesolutions across domains, betweencities and on a large scale. Smartservices are intended to improve theoverall quality of living in the cityand make them attractive to citizens,investors, business, innovators, visitorsand tourists.The City Digital Profile ISG will enablecities to procure smart solutionswith confidence that those solutionswill be extendable, configurable andinteroperable with similar servicesfrom other cities and providers.City administrators will thereforedeliver advanced services to theircitizens, whilst respecting essentialenvironmental factors, sustainabilityFirst 5G New RadioSpecifications approved3GPP has approved the first 5Gspecifications: the non-standalone5G New Radio specifications wereapproved on 20 December 2017.Balazs Bertenyi, RAN Chair calledit “an impressive achievement in aremarkably short time, with credit dueparticularly to the Working Groups”.In the 3GPP plenary meeting at theend of December in Lisbon, Portugal,he presented details of the group’sapproval of the Non-standalone 5GNR specifications and also outlinedhow RAN will now turn towards thecompletion of the first phase of 5Gradio, Release 15, by June 2018.To know more about 5G new radio,watch our CTO and 3GPP RAN and SAchairs: http://bit.ly/2pd9GgCETSI launches new groupon Augmented RealityETSI has launched a new IndustrySpecification Group called AugmentedReality Framework (ISG ARF). This newgroup aims to synchronize efforts andidentify key use cases and scenarios fordeveloping an Augmented Reality (AR)framework with relevant componentsand interfaces. It will provide technicalrequirements for AR specificationsin order to ensure interoperableimplementations that will benefit bothtechnology providers and end-users.Continued on page 2 objectives and reducing the overall costof deployment.Continued on page 2 Releasingthe FlowData protection andprivacy in a datadriven economyCome to our ETSIsummit, 19 April 2018Get a grasp of the policy andlegislative landscape arounddata flow in EU and beyond.Discuss the interplay of datawith regulation, legislation,technologies and standards.Hear viewpoints and debatewith experts coming fromdifferent points of theecosystem.For more information:http://www.etsi.org/etsisummit

Welcome to theWorld of StandardsETSI creates City Digital Profile groupon Smart Cities Continued (from page 1)Cities to procure interoperable smart solutionsfor their citizens“I am excited that this group will enablecity leaders and suppliers to worktogether to embrace mass marketreplication of citizen centric systemsthat are innovative, agile and creativewhile also fully standards compliant,secure, resilient and cost effective,” saysPaul Copping, chair of the City DigitalProfile ISG.Welcome to this first issue in 2018of our newsletter, The Standard. Asyou can see from our cover pagelogo, this year marks 30 years sincethe foundation of the institute. Whileevery new year offers new milestonesto honour, we prefer to look forwardsinstead of backwards. 5G will dominatemuch of our work in ETSI and 3GPPin the near future. 2018 will be amajor milestone for 5G, since 3GPPplan to complete the first full setof 5G specifications (3GPP Release15) in June, and ETSI will publishthem shortly afterwards. 3GPP havealready finalized an initial set of 5Gspecifications, you can read a noteabout that in these pages.Our articles in this edition will giveyou some insight into other newtechnologies which may change ourday-to-day lives: augmented reality,automation, cybersecurity, quantumsafe cryptography, software definedradio, smart cities and much more.We’re preparing the innovation whichwill bring us forward another 30 years.Once again,I hope you enjoy this edition.Luis Jorge Romero,Director General, ETSI2 THE STANDARDIssue 1, 2018Other key issues such as citizen relateddata retention and privacy protectionwill also be considered, in cooperationwith such groups as oneM2M, the ETSIfounded partnership project and theETSI Technical Committee Cyber.Initial cross domain city applicationswill include:h Health and social care (disabilityentitlement; housing benefit and rentpayment; housing condition, assistedliving and vulnerability)h Building management and connectedhomesh Urban lightingh Water and waste management andenergyh Transportation and mobilityh Environmental issues such aspollution and resource optimizationETSI launches new groupon Augmented Reality Continued (from page 1)The group held its kick-off meeting on30 November and 1 December 2017,and elected Ms Muriel Deschanelfrom b com as chair of the groupand Ralf Schäfer from Fraunhofer HHIas the vice chair. The work of the ISGwill start with an analysis of the ARstandards landscape, the analysis ofuse case requirements and obstacles,and the development of a frameworkarchitecture.“There are huge differences in ARapplications but mapping digitalinformation with the real world impliesthe use of a set of common componentsoffering functionalities such astracking, registration, pose estimation,localization, 3D reconstruction or datainjection. The development of sucha framework will allow componentsfrom different providers to interoperatethrough the defined interfaces.”says Ms Deschanel, chair of theISG ARF. “This will in turn avoid thecreation of vertical siloes and marketfragmentation and enable players inthe eco-system to offer parts of anoverall AR solution.”Augmented Reality is the ability tomix in real-time spatially registereddigital content with the real world. ARtechnologies and applications will playan essential role in Industry 4.0, andthe success of smart cities and smarthomes. Mobility, retail, healthcare,education, public safety are otherexamples of domains where AR willbring significant value. AR is quicklyadvancing into a new phase of enablingcontext-rich user experiences thatcombine sensors, wearable computing,the Internet of Things and artificialintelligence. That capability is a uniqueopportunity of value creation. Theneed for transparent and reliableinterworking between different ARcomponents is key to the successfulroll-out of such services.Participation in the AugmentedReality Industry Specification Groupis open to all ETSI members as well asorganizations who are not members.For information on how to participateplease contact ISGsupport@etsi.org

Smart to Future Cities25-26 April 2018, Radisson Blu Portman Square, LondonJoin us for Europe’s only city centric event for citizen centric smart cities. The event will focus on practical,scalable applications of smart city initiatives to improve infrastructure and quality of life.Several ETSI groups and speakers will debate during the session on Accelerating Smart City DeploymentsThrough Standards-Based Technology Solutions, in the afternoon of 26 April.Visit the event’s website to know ETSI and OpenFog Consortium collaborateon Fog and Edge applicationsLeading organizations in fog and multi-access edge computing sign MOU to share work relatedto global standards development for fog-enabled mobile edge applications and technologiesETSI and the OpenFog Consortium willcollaborate to develop fog-enabledmobile edge applications andtechnologies. The two organizationshave recently signed a Memorandumof Understanding (MOU) with intentto benefit organizations workingto develop 5G, mission-critical anddata-dense applications through fogcomputing and networking and thusreduce technical overlap across themultitude of domains.“This OpenFog-ETSI MOU is asignificant step in our efforts to buildinteroperability for efficient andreliable networks and intelligentendpoints operating along the Cloudto-Things continuum,” said HelderAntunes, chairman of the OpenFogConsortium and Senior Director, Cisco.“We’re now positioned to leverage ourrespective work to give the industry acohesive set of standards around fogcomputing in mobile environments,while eliminating any redundancy inour respective efforts.”“Establishing a cooperationframework with OpenFog representsa significant step towards adoptionof our standards by the industry,”said Alex Reznik, Chairman of ETSIMEC ISG. “This alignment of a leadingindustry consortium and a leadingstandards setting organization in thefog/edge space should make it easierfor both application developers andinfrastructure solution providers todevelop towards a common, openand interoperable edge computingenvironment.”OpenFog will work with the ETSIMulti-access Edge Computing (MEC)Industry Specification Group (ISG).The two organizations will cooperateon Information and CommunicationTechnologies (ICT) standardizationand interoperability requirements bysharing and applying selected technicalwork in process. MEC’s work addressesmultiple multi-access edge hostsdeployed by different operator-ownednetworks which run edge applicationsin a collaborative manner. The OpenFogReference Architecture will extend themobile edge with a physical and logicalmulti-layered network hierarchy ofcooperating fog nodes that interfacebetween cloud and edge, allowing forinteroperability across operators.One of the first initiatives fromthe agreement will be focused onApplication Programming Interfaces(APIs) which support edge computinginteroperability. The recentlyreleased package of MEC APIs containimportant properties that can beadapted and used in the OpenFogreference architecture. The ETSI MECspecifications also include an APIframework which provides a frameworkfor delivering services to be consumedor offered by locally hosted or remoteauthorized applications. By adoptingand re-using APIs across the OpenFogand MEC architectures, it will be easierfor developers to create commonarchitectures, unify managementstrategies, and write a single applicationsoftware modules that run on bothOpenFog and MEC architectures.Issue 1, 2018THE STANDARD 3

ETSI hosts second NFV Plugtests eventETSI has shown continued commitmentto drive the progression of NetworkFunctions Virtualisation (NFV)technology through our efforts toensure that widespread interoperabilityis supported. Following on fromthe success of our previous NFVinteroperability Plugtests gathering,ETSI has just finalized the second event.This latest NFV Plugtests event washeld at ETSI, in Sophia Antipolis, France,between 15 and 19 January. Once againthe primary objective was to providea valuable opportunity for extensivemulti-party interoperability testingto be carried out. Representativesfrom vendors and several open sourcecommunities were able to evaluatethe level of interoperability of theirimplementations and confirm that theyadhere to the NFV specifications thatare being defined by ETSI. Supportingopen source communities include ETSIOSM (Open Source MANO), OPNFV,OpenStack and Open Baton.The five day interoperability sessiondealt with all key components of NFVdeployments, including virtual networkfunctions (VNFs), NFV infrastructure(NFVI), Virtual Infrastructure Managers(VIMs) and management andorchestration (MANO) solutions.Over the course of the week a seriesof comprehensive interoperability testsessions were embarked upon.These covered the combining togetherof various different VNFs, NFV MANOsolutions and NFV platforms.Extending the scope of what wasundertaken at the previous NFVPlugtests event, which took placeearlier this year in Leganés, Spain,the sessions encompassed furtherimportant aspects that are nowemerging. These included multi-siteoperation, network path, enhancedplatform awareness, fault andperformance management and NFVapplication programming interfaces toname a few.Use CasesArchitecturalAspectsRequirementsA vital aspect of this latest eventwas the continuous and ubiquitoustesting environment that attendeesaccessed to as they join the NFVPlugtests Programme. This excitinginnovation, based on the ETSI Hubfor Interoperability and Validation(HIVE), enabled remote integrationand pre-testing for the event, butalso further collaborative testing andvalidation activities such as remoteinteroperability testing, PoCs, demos orAPI validation during and between NFVPlugtests events.In parallel, ETSI OSM organized an OSMHackfest which supported onboardingactivities focusing on Day 0/1/2operations (install, configure, optimize)that leverage the latest capabilitiesoffered by the OSM platform.Proof orkManagementETSI adds extra dimensions to virtualization of communicationnetworks with continued NFV specification activityThe ETSI NFV Industry SpecificationGroup (ETSI NFV ISG) has takenfurther steps towards establishing aubiquitous platform upon which theglobal adoption of network functionsvirtualization (NFV) technology can bedriven thanks to the completion of aseries of key specifications.Over the course of the last quarter2017, 6 new NFV specifications havebeen published. These cover virtualnetwork function (VNF) packagestructure, the dynamic optimization ofpacket flow routing, and accelerationresource management right throughto hypervisor domain requirements. Inaddition, a total of 18 different workprojects have been approved.Central to these endeavours isthe defining of unified applicationprogramming interface (API)specifications in order to ensurethat widespread multi-vendorinteroperability can be achieved.This will mean that the numerousintegration challenges that the industrycurrently faces can be fully addressed,and the pace at which NFV roll-outoccurs thereby accelerated.4 THE STANDARDIssue 1, 2018As a direct consequence, it will leadto solutions and network servicesfrom different vendors being broughtto market in the future that are allinteroperable with independentlydeveloped NFV management andorchestration systems.Two of the six latest specifications ofETSI NFV, which detail REST APIs formanagement and orchestration, canbe accessed by visiting the followinglinks - ETSI GS NFV-SOL 002 and ETSI GSNFV-SOL 003. ETSI GS NFV-SOL 004, hasalso been completed, it specifies theformat and structure of a VNF Packageand is based on the OASIS TOSCA CloudService Archive (CSAR) format.An OpenAPI representation of thespecified APIs will also be madeavailable on the ETSI forge, a set ofcollaborative tools for standardizedtechnologies, by the end of this year.“It is clear that NFV will thrive throughbeing backed up by an expansive openecosystem that encourages innovationfrom the broadest possible range ofsources. By delivering standardizedopen interfaces and descriptors,ETSI is giving new players that havenot previously been involved in thissector the opportunity to make a majorcontribution to its ongoing progression,”states Diego Lopez, Chairman ETSI NFV.“With the ground-breaking work that isnow being done we are getting closerto a stage when universal integrationis finally achievable and vendors’ VNFsolutions can be executed and managedvia any orchestrator and managementsolution without integrationproblems arising. Furthermore, allof the components parts of suchmanagement/orchestration systemswill be completely interoperable withone another.”The ISG continues with thedevelopment of a third release ofdeliverables (NFV Release 3), withobjectives of providing specificationsand guidance for operationalizing NFV.It will also perform in-depth studieson forward-looking topics, such asenhanced security for the entire NFVenvironment or considerations onapplying NFV to network slicing forfuture 5G deployment.

ETSI completes work on VoIP emergency caller locationThe standard developed in the Technical Committee Network Technologies represents anessential step to support emergency services with systematic location information delivery.EC Mandate 493 (2011) required ETSIto develop a solution to enable thelocalization of VoIP emergency callers,in response to the Universal ServiceDirective 2002/22/EC. The potentialimpact on existing emergency servicearchitectures, with the risk of highadaptation costs that a completelynew technological approach couldhave brought, had to be carefullyconsidered to design a viable solution.An unbalanced one could have ledto important impairing in case theEC would mandate the deployment,favouring one or the other marketarea. Some of these touchy aspectswere related to, for instance, securityand opening of access to databases.A careful technical work has allowedattaining a balanced solutionacceptable to all parties involved.ES 203 283 leverages a number of IETFdefined protocols, some of which didnot initially fulfil all the requirementsidentified in the service architecturespecification. In order to fill this gap,TC NTECH has proposed, throughcontributions submitted by some ofits members to IETF, updates to HELD(HTTP-enabled Location Deliveryprotocol) and SIP (Session InitiationProtocol). A new version of HELD (RFC7840) now supports the provision, uponrequest, of routing information alongwith location information. SIP changesare still in the process of finalizationand will allow providing information onthe location information source alongwith the location information itself inan emergency call.Taking into account requirements fromthe industry to enable the supportof emergency services for private IPnetworks, the specifications publishedby ETSI in response to Mandate 493provide a solid technical referencefor enabling the determinationand transport of emergency callers’location information regardless of thevoice service provider they use. Theprovisions in the two documents alsosupport the cases where regulationimposes an aggregation providerinterfacing all active voice serviceproviders with network providers andemergency service providers.Architecture for VoIP emergency caller localisationsupportAfter the definition of the servicearchitecture in ES 203 178 in 2015, TCNTECH has completed the work byspecifying the protocols to be usedat the interfaces exposed in thisarchitecture. Consequently ES 203 283was published at the end of November.The challenge of these specificationswas to conciliate the interests ofnetwork operators, who alreadyprovide the localization of emergencycallers connected to their IMS networks,with those of service providers thatoffer VoIP call services using differenttypes of IP platforms. The possibilityfor the users to benefit from VoIPservice providers independentlyfrom the location and the regulatorydomain poses several challenges forthe definition of a suitable solutionthat still has to comply with traditionalimplementations of emergency servicesand legacy Public Safety AnsweringPoints (PSAPs), as the mandateexplicitly required.TC NTECH has therefore taken intoconsideration all these aspects andworked out the most balancedpossible solution. It allows the requiredopening to new market players withthe definition of the needed interfacesbetween the access network providers,the VoIP service providers, theemergency service providers and finallythe PSAPs, but is still compliant with aclassic 3GPP network.NFV & Zero TouchWorld Congress24-27 April 2018, San Jose, CA, USAWith NFV and the transformation to a virtualized networkingplatform now well underway at Carriers - and already extant at Cloudproviders - the stage is now set for further transformation. With astrategic vision of Zero Touch, both Carrier and Cloud providers havean objective of full network and services Automation. So join us forthe NFV &

ETSI NFV, which detail REST APIs for management and orchestration, can be accessed by visiting the following links - ETSI GS NFV-SOL 002 and ETSI GS NFV-SOL 003. ETSI GS NFV-SOL 004, has also been completed, it specifies the format and structure of a VNF Package and is based on the OASIS TOSCA Cloud Service Archive (CSAR) format.

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A. General guidance for academic writing The style of writing required for LSHTM assessments may call for different skills to those you have used in your previous education or employment. If you are not entirely confident in this, remember that the more academic writing you do, the better you will become at it. Aspects that may be new or unfamiliar, such as citing and referencing, should .