Ask The Rabbi Book 3b - Eretz Hemdah

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ASK THE RABBIVOLUME IIIA Sampling of Real World Halachic Questions that WereSent to the Eretz Hemdah Beit MidrashHeaded byHarav Moshe Ehrenreich and Harav Yosef CarmelByThe Eretz Hemdah Students and Faculty

Ask the Rabbi ,Volume 3Eretz Hemdah Institute Eretz Hemdah Institute 2017Additional copies of this book are available at Eretz Hemdah:2 Brurya St.P.O.B. 8178 Jerusalem 9108101 Israel(972-2) 537-1485fax (972-2) 537-9626info@eretzhemdah.orgAlso available at the Eretz Hemdah website:www.eretzhemdah.orgEditor: Rabbi Daniel RosenfeldCover design: Renana Pinis הוצא לאור בהשתתפות המשרד לשרותי דתות All rights reserved. However, since the purpose of this publication is educational,the copyright holder permits the limited reproduction of sections of this book fornon-commercial educational purposes.ISBN , 978-965-436-029-6 hardcoverPrinted in Israel

It is our privilege to present the third volume of Ask the Rabbi.Each year, Eretz Hemdah, through its partnership with theOrthodox Union’s “Ask the Rabbi” program, receives thousands ofquestions. The questions are sent from rabbis and laity in Israel,America, and across the world.In Eretz Hemdah, a small group of extraordinary graduates fromthe finest National-Religious yeshivot learn to prepare for theIsraeli Rabbinate’s rigorous Yadin Yadin examinations. Webelieve that true greatness in Torah can never be disconnected frominvolvement with the needs and concerns of the broader Jewishcommunity. Therefore, we require our young rabbis to devotesome of their time to teaching and answering questions. As part ofthat vision, our young rabbis help answer some of the “Ask theRabbi” questions we receive.The “Ask the Rabbi” questions cover all imaginable issues. In thisvolume, we bring together some of the select questions andanswers from the most relevant areas of halacha.We hope and pray that this book will be used to teach andenlighten. That it will help people observe halacha, while givingthem a sense of the impressive and infinite world of the Talmudand Shulchan Aruch, which serve as the basis and context for ourhalachic practice.With Torah Blessings,Rabbi Yosef CarmelRabbi Moshe EhrenreichRabbinical Deans of Eretz Hemdah

ASK THE RABBI IIICONTENTSTHE LAWS OF for pleasure on ShabbatAsking a non-Jew on Shabbat to do a Psik-ReishaUmbrellas on ShabbatShehecheyanu upon beginning to light Shabbat candlesLactose pills on ShabbatQuestions regarding MuktzahCausing Melacha to be performed in a time zonewhere it is still ShabbatCommunicating with someone when it is still Shabbatin his time zoneKeeping a website open on Shabbat and having a nonShomer Shabbat partnerProperly operating a website on ShabbatWorking as an airport security officer, on ShabbatHow to pay a babysitter on ShabbatPushing a baby stroller on ShabbatOpening a refrigerator on ShabbatThe proper time to have the Friday night Shabbat mealAlternatives to wine for Kiddush and HavdalahHavdalah on milkGoing through a hospital’s metal detector on ShabbatOpening and closing portable cribs and strollers onShabbatMoving a chair wedged in a front door, on ShabbatParticipating in a lottery that is drawn on ShabbatMotion sensors on ShabbatAdjusting a Shabbat clock (timer) on ShabbatUnplugging a Plata on Shabbat that is connected to aShabbat clock (timer) that is set to offWhether non-kosher foods are Muktzeh on ShabbatChemical heating on ShabbatHow to prepare a crockpot for use on 3436

ERETZ HEMDAH .Status of microwave cooking on ShabbatUsing poultry shears on ShabbatRemoving bottle caps on ShabbatSilver foil/tin foil cut by a non-Jew on ShabbatCutting through letters on food, on ShabbatFollow up, cutting through letters on food, on ShabbatProper times for Shabbat meals and placing a rugdown on ShabbatHow to properly use a Shabbat beltPumping mother’s milk on Shabbat, in a case of needFlushing ants down a drain on ShabbatReturning dental implants on Shabbat, using anelevator on ShabbatEntering a nursing home on Shabbat where one mustget “buzzed in”Using perfume for Besamim in HavdalahSaying Shir Hamaalot at a meal on Motzei Shabbat3940414243454749505152545556THE LAWS OF YOM TOV: for an Israeli in Chu”l for Yom Tov SheniHaving a non-Jew attend a business show on one’sbehalf, on Yom TovBlowing the Shofar on the left side of one’s mouthHow to properly wash hands on Yom KippurUsing mouthwash on Yom KippurUsing a pergola for a SukkahWashing before bread in the SukkahWomen making Brachot on the 4 minim (and onoptional Mitzvot in general)Freezing and then reusing an EtrogWhether one should put a Torah back early so that itcan be used by a different Minyan on Simchat TorahMincha and Chanukah candle lighting on Erev Shabbat5860626364656768697173Where to light Chanukah candles if one will be on a74cruise over Chanukah, and what to do with leftover

ASK THE RABBI .70.71.wax from Chanukah candlesWhat to do if one can’t attend Shul to hear ParshatZachorThe timing of Pesach and the Spring EquinoxUsing a hot water urn for PesachTiming of the Fast of Bechorot when Pesach begins onShabbatGuidelines for selling and using food mixtures andcosmetics on PesachWhiskey that wasn’t sold for PesachBurning Chametz found on Pesach in a situation wherethe Chametz was soldScope of the principle of “Achshevai”How the sale of Chametz interacts with Bitul ChametzReasons for the custom to not eat Kitniyot on PesachCooking Kitniyot in Pesach dishesMay an Ashkenazi who is diabetic eat Kitniyot onPesachWhy Shir Hashirim is read on PesachHalachot of Yom Haatzmaut and Yom YerushalayimBackground to Tikkun Leil ShavuotIs it permissible to go to the gym during the Nine Days?Reading Shir Hashirim on Tisha B’Av (when onecommitted to read Shir Hashirim for 40 days)The status of someone who drinks water with pills on afast day767778798082838485878990919294959697THE LAWS OF MOURNING: Mitzvah to watch over the deceased before burial,and seeing the body before burialWho may perform a TaharaDelaying a funeral in order to enable relatives toattendWhen is one required to attend a funeral?Source for the expression “HaMakom Yenachem ”given to mourners99101102103105

ERETZ HEMDAH . for an adopted parentAveilut: Showering during Shloshim and attending aKiddush, after ShloshimAveilut and Birkat KohanimHome repair renovations during the 12 months ofAveilutBeing a Chazan on Shabbat during the year of AveilutHaving an Avel lead the Tefillah on Saturday nightNusach of Kaddish for an Ashkenzai Davening in aSefardi ShulHow long one recites Kaddish for a childWhat day one finishes saying KaddishLength of recital of Kaddish during a leap yearSaying Kaddish on behalf of someone one is notrelated toYahrzeit date when the death occurred during BeinHashemashotMourning for a first spouse while remarriedWhen to observe Yahrzeit for a non-Jewish parentSources regarding fasting on a YahrzeitAttending a Simcha on a YahrzeitSource for the expression “may the Neshama have anAliyah”Custom of placing stones at a 0121122123124THE LAWS OF KASHRUT:95.96.97.Using silverware at a non-kosher mealHow to Kasher a non-kosher ovenOven for Meat and Milk98.Status of a dairy spoon that was found with the meatdishes and then mixed again into the dairy dishesParve food that had been cooked in meat dishes, beingheated up in dairy dishesNon-Jewish help in regards to Kashrut and Bishul AkumCooking kosher and non-kosher foods in a toaster oven99.100.101.126127129130131133135

ASK THE RABBI .at the same timeUsing non-Parve spoons in a Parve food containerBuying sliced fruit or fruit juice without a koshersupervisionBuying fish at a fish store that does not have koshersupervision, & the status of raw meat that fell into milkWhether Chalav Akum affects the dishes it is in:Is grape juice, from grapes crushed by non-Jews,Kosher?Permissibility of milk nowadaysWaiting 6 hours between hard cheese and meatKashrut of blood in animal before and after MelichaKashrut certification for vitaminsKashrut of glucosamineWhether a glass challah board requires Tevillat KeilimBracha on Tevillat Keilim for corelle dishes136137138141146147149150151152154155THE LAWS OF TZEDAKA: a written or oral commitment to give Tzedaka isbindingDelaying the giving of tzedakaHow to calculate profits for the purpose of MaaserUsing Maaser money to buy Mishloach ManotReceiving charity from a Gentile157159161162163THE LAWS OF MODESTY & FAMILY LAWS: with elderly in-lawsQuestions regarding the construction of a MikvahIs a cast a Chatzitza for the Mikvah?Hair covering for married womenMust a woman cover all of her arm above the elbow?165166172173174

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE124. length swimsuits and mixed swimmingWhether marrying is obligatoryHalachic view on a double ring wedding ceremony andequalityFasting on one’s wedding day and if it falls on RoshChodeshHow to properly write the Tannaim and Ketuba for aChatan whose father is not aliveWriting the name of a Chatan who converted, in aKetubaReciting Sheva Brachot at a meal that begins sevendays after the wedding and continues into the eighth.Drinking the wine at a Sheva Brachot Seudah duringSeuda Shlishit.176177179180181182183THE LAWS OF CHILDBIRTH, CHILDREN & CHINUCH: at one’s wife during childbirth185Naming a child “Yaakov ben Yisroel”186Naming a baby before the Brit187Pidyon Haben at night189Teaching Berachot and Torah to children who may be190soiledTHE LAWS OF THE LAND OF ISRAEL & AGRICULTURAL tual significance of the State of IsraelThe mitzvah to live in Eretz YisraelThe mitzvah to conquer and settle Israel nowadaysLiving in Yericho nowadaysHalachic status of GazaGuidelines for OrlahOrlah for passion fruitFourth year trees outside of IsraelThe scope of KilayimFlower seeds and Kilayim192194200203204206208209210212

ASK THE RABBI IIITHE LAWS OF LASHON HARA: on the laws of Lashon HaraScope of Lashon Hara (when it is already written in thepress etc.)Lashon Hara in digital archivesIs praising someone in public considered Lashon Hara?214216219226INTERPERSONAL AND BUSINESS assing in HalachaTipping and Lo TichaneimUsing information gained during a previous job for anew oneWhen to report a co-worker who is suspected ofstealingReturning Gezel Hager nowadaysTransferring copyrighted material to DVDReturning a lost item to a non-JewBuying an item with the intention of returning itDina Dimalchuta regarding taxes and illegal workersTravelling in a taxi “off the meter”228229230231232233235236237242THE LAWS OF KOHANIM: a Kohen must be concerned with a rumorthat a certain area has gravesA Kohen attending a funeral for a relativeHow much wine disqualifies a Kohen from doing BirkatKohanimBirkat Kohanim at Mincha GedolaTHE LAWS OF ANIMALS:244245246247

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE164. regarding Tzar Baalei Chaim-cruelty toanimalsBackground and guidelines regarding the prohibition ofTzar Baalei ChaimFishing with a hookWhich animals Shiluach Haken applies toCaring for animals on Shabbat249251253254255JEWISH THOUGHT & . on balancing Bitachon and HishtadlutHalachic Attitude Towards Cloning and Stem CellresearchNature of the Halachic rule that "its ways are ways ofpleasantness"Judaism and the ZodiacThe Halachic status of Energy HealingCustom of wearing a red string given out at the KotelPictures of the sun, moon, and starsThe Ice AgeChazal and scienceQuestions regarding Judaism and artThe Torah’s perspective on slavery in contemporarysocietyContemporary significance of remembering AmalekOrthodoxy and the modern worldContemporary relevance of a groom’s exemption fromthe armyThe relationship between the authority of the Tanachand the TalmudWho is authorized to be a Posek (Halachic decisor)?Halachic perspective on honoring a living willDonating a 5291293295MISCELLANEOUS LAWS:187.Details regarding the Mitzvah to stand for a Talmid297

ASK THE RABBI .200.201.202.Chacham or the elderlyOwning angel figurines or pictures of angelsShaatnez in a couchText of the Hadran one recites upon the completion ofthe MishnahWhy a Jew may not participate in a non-Jewish funeralWhat to do if one’s parents’ Hebrew names areunknownProper Teshuva for getting a tattooChoosing between attending a Brit or a Bar MitzvahAuthors of TehillimWhen one is allowed to say only parts of PesukimPermissibility of lift and cut shaversDisposing of Challah from Hafrashat ChallahHalachic status of the “Bodies” exhibitWhether practicing vegetarianism constitutes a NederWhether one should wash hands after giving bloodWhen one is required to pick up food from the 9


ASK THE RABBI III1. Running for Pleasure on ShabbatQuestion: I am an avid runner. I do not run simply for fitness, but Itruly enjoy it. I derive great pleasure from running. Am I permittedto run on Shabbat?Answer: Strictly speaking, there is no prohibition to run forenjoyment on Shabbat. Only if it is done for fitness is there aformal prohibition. However, the application of when it isappropriate to run is a serious question of the atmosphere ofShabbat. This question breaks up into two parts; public and private.Shabbat is a day which puts a stress on limiting physicalexertion and having it give way to rest and, more importantly, tospiritual elevation. Spending a day, or a good part of it, on seriousrunning is less than optimal. On the other hand, I am not so naiveas to believe that anyone who isn’t busy running, is busy engagingin Torah study or spiritual introspection all day. So, from thisperspective, it is hard to give practical advice without knowing youand the practical alternatives of refraining from serious running.A similar situation exists on a communal level. For respectedmembers of the community to be seen in full weekday runninggear, involved publicly in that which is perceived as a veryweekday–like activity, is something that may raise eyebrows.Whether or not they are aware of the great pleasure you personallyderive from the activity, the special atmosphere of Shabbat whichhopefully exists in your community on at least some level, may beaffected. Even if it is affected slightly, this is an issue, especiallybecause public activities may create snowball effects. In thisregard, it would be particularly important to confer with a localrabbi to receive his appraisal of the situation.In my running days, I used to enjoy the mental discipline andwillpower it took to keep on going well after part of me wanted tostop. I would like to think that some of that discipline has assistedme in my Torah studies to continue learning even when part of mewas interested in stopping or taking a longer break than necessary.While Shabbat is not the time to work on mental discipline, it2

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTEmight be particularly appropriate for someone who has experiencein that skill to turn his focus to rigorous Torah study even whenpart of him, and perhaps his friends and family, are pulling himtowards other pursuits.3

ASK THE RABBI III2. Asking a Non-Jew to Do a Psik-Reisha onShabbatQuestion: In my apartment building, the front lobby has a lightwhich automatically goes on in the evening hours when a personcomes through the entrance, and passes in the range of a sensor.(From my observation it seems impossible to avoid being in thisrange). There is another source of light present in the lobby whichwould enable someone to see where they are going even withoutthis light. You had answered in the name of Rav Wosner, that inthese circumstances it is preferable (unless it is a sha’at hadchak)not to pass through this lobby on Friday night if this light will beactivated by going through. One should wait for a non-Jew to gothrough first. Can one actively request the non-Jewish doorman towalk in front of the light in order to activate it?Answer: The Rema (253:5) writes that it was the custom for nonJews to place pots on the cold oven, and then light the fire in orderto heat the pots. Even though this is a psik reisha and forbidden fora Jew, it is permitted, since it is performed by a non-Jew. Similarly,it is permissible to ask the doorman to enter because psik reisha ispermitted when asking a non-Jew to do the act.Sources: Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 253:5. Rema and MishnaBerura ibid 99, Sefer Melachim Omnayich pg.265.4

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE3. Umbrellas on ShabbatQuestion: I understand that using an umbrella on Shabbos that wasopened prior to Shabbos is prohibited by the poskim due to maarisayin. Can a person therefore use a “Shabbos umbrella” on Shabbosthat always remains open and never closes to avoid maaris ayinissues?Answer: It has already been accepted by klal Yisrael to forbid theopening or carrying of an umbrella on Shabbat (Noda B’Yehuda,Orach Chaim 30). The reason is that according to halacha it is likebuilding a temporary tent on Shabbat. (According to the Rif this isa Torah based prohibition). Even if the umbrella is opened beforeShabbat it is forbidden to carry on Shabbat for two reasons:A: Marit ayin (giving the appearance of a forbidden act).B: The possibility that it is considered building a temporarystructure: Opening the umbrella is not what makes it forbidden,rather, the lifting and placing the umbrella over one’s head.Similarly, the Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim 301:40) prohibitswearing a hat with a brim wider than a tefach.It should be mentioned that the Noda B’Yehuda hesitates withregards to whether lifting the umbrella above one’s headconstitutes constructing a temporary structure.Your solution does not solve the problem of marit ayin and, inaddition, because the prohibition of building may apply, onecannot permit the use of umbrellas.For these reasons, the Rabbis ruled that the use of umbrellas onShabbat is prohibited even in places where there is a lot of rain,and this custom is widespread. (Shut Yechaveh Daat 4:43 &Mishpetei Uziel 14).Beyond the halachic reasons, the fact that the prohibition ofumbrellas is so widely and unanimously accepted in thecommunity means that it would be problematic to contradict thiscustom even if one had halachic basis to do so. The statement“don’t change a custom in order not to cause dispute” (Pesachim50b) applies here.5

ASK THE RABBI III4. Shehecheyanu Upon Beginning to LightShabbat CandlesQuestion: Does a kallah on the first Shabbos following herwedding make "shehecheyanu" on the candles on Friday night?(Most meforshim seem to say to not make the beracha, but thereappears to be two conflicting views brought down in the TaameiHaMinhagim both in the name of the Ya’avetz).Answer: The Ya’avetz writes in his sefer1 that it would seem that awoman should make a “shehechiyanu” the first time she performsthis mitzva. However there is a big debate whether we make a“shehecheyanu” on every mitzva the first time we do it. There aresome who say that she should make a “shehechiyanu”,2 and thereare some that dispute this3. The poskim of our generation wrote thatshe should not recite “shehecheyanu”, and if she wishes to do so,she should eat a new fruit or wear new clothing so that she canrecite “shehecheyanu” for both together.41Dinei Erev Shabbos.Shut Chatam Sofer, Orach Chaim 55.3Magen Avraham, Orach Chaim 22:1, Biur Halacha ibid.4Tzitz Eliezer 13:24, Mishne Halachot 6, Shmirat Shabbat K’hilchataVol.2 pg.57, and others.26

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE5. Lactose Pills on ShabbatQuestion: In order to properly digest milk, I need to take lactosepills. Would it be permitted to take such pills on Shabbat in light ofthe issur refuah?Answer: It is permitted to take lactose pills on Shabbat, because thepurpose of the medication is preventative and not to cure (SeferRefuat Shabbat & Tzitz Eliezer 11:37).7

ASK THE RABBI III6. Questions Regarding MuktzehQuestion: Is tiltul min hatzad (moving muktzeh indirectly) allowedfor any reason other than the use of the non- muktzeh item-i.e. canyou use tiltul min hatzad to remove unwanted muktzeh?Also, do doors ever become a bassis for a d’var muktzeh?Answer: Answer to first question:Tiltul min hatzad, moving with the help of another object, ispermissible for the need of a permissible thing. For example, it ispermitted to move bones that are not fitting for food consumptionoff of one’s table, with the help of a knife, if you want the table toclean. But if you do this so that the muktzeh object will not bedamaged or because you need the muktzeh object in a differentplace, then it is forbidden to move even via tiltul min hatzad(Shulchan Aruch 311:8).Answer to second question:A door can never become a bassis l’davar hamuktzeh (a base for amuktzeh object), because a door is an important feature of thehouse that it serves, and thus the muktzeh on the door isunimportant relative to the door and becomes batel, nullified, to it(See Mishna B’rurah 277:7 and Shmirat Shabbos K’Hilchita20:74).8

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE7. Causing Melacha to be Performed in aTime Zone Where it is Still ShabbatQuestion: Is one permitted to cause a melacha to be performed onShabbat, if he is in a place where it is no longer Shabbat (such asafter Shabbat in Israel, causing a melacha to take place on Shabbatin America)? If this is prohibited, may one visit websites that arebased in America on Motzei Shabbat in Israel, or is this consideredcausing a melacha to take place?Answer: The fact that melacha is done on Shabbat in America isnot a problem. However, if it causes a Jew to respond or otherwisedo melacha on Shabbat, then that is a problem (of lifnei iver).9

ASK THE RABBI III8. Communicating with Someone When it isStill Shabbat in His Time ZoneQuestion: If someone has non-religious relatives in another timezone, is he allowed to 'talk' with them online when it isn't Shabbatfor him but is for them? Is there any difference taking into accountthat he may be their only religious link/outlet and they may takeoffense to his reluctance to communicate with them because of'religious issues'?Answer: One must not dial or answer a phone call or an internetcall when it is Shabbat on the other end of the line. If there is needfor one to spiritually educate one’s relatives then one must find thetime and the methods to do so without transgressing prohibitionssuch as lifnei iver (putting a stumbling block in front of a blindperson). For more on this issue see Shut Minchat Shlomo (1, siman35), as well as in Shut BeMareh HaBazak, vol. 1, answer 37, and invol. 5, answer 52.10

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE9. Keeping a Website Open on Shabbat andHaving a Non-Shomer Shabbat PartnerQuestion:1. A Jew has a website where people can order products and payfor them using a credit card. Is it permitted to allow this websiteto operate on Shabbat, or must the “store” be prevented fromperforming sales on Shabbat?2. If it is permitted to allow the store to remain open on Shabbat, afurther question: the Jew’s partner is not shomer Shabbat, andwhen orders arrive on Shabbat, he may begin to process themon Shabbat. Are you allowed to participate in this partnershipwith him? Must you make some arrangement to avoid profitingfrom his business activities performed on Shabbat?Answer:1. There are a number of halachic problems with leaving aninternet site open on Shabbat if Jews are likely to visit the site:the prohibition of placing “a stumbling block before a blindperson”, of facilitating someone transgressing the laws of theTorah and of receiving income on Shabbat (which is alsorelevant to payment from non-Jews). Discussions relating to allthe above prohibitions are written in great detail in our bookShut BeMareh HaBazak volume 5. Also see Techumin 19 p.349, which discusses a similar issue. Even though there is logicto be stringent and forbid the opening of the site on Shabbat,since it would be difficult and would cause significant financialloss, the site may remain open. If it is possible to buy theseproducts on other internet sites (belonging to non-Jews) there iseven more room to be lenient and leave the site open onShabbat.2. Regarding partnership with someone who is not shomerShabbat, see Shut Be’er Moshe 5:97:22, who writes that oneshould be stringent. However, it is written in Shut MelamedL’Hoil, Orach Chaim (1:34) that one should begin thepartnership anew, dividing it up so that the partner who isshomer Shabbat will not receive the profits from Shabbat. Inturn, he will take the profits of another day of the week.11

ASK THE RABBI IIIThere are some who prohibit naming the firm after the onewho is shomer Shabbat (lest one think he is profiting from thebusiness on Shabbat). However the Melamed L’Hoil writes that, ifnecessary, it is permitted to keep the name of the firm in his name.All this is in the case of absolute necessity, when one’sincome is dependent on it. However, if one has a choice, it ispreferable not to join a partnership of this kind.12

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTE10. Properly Operating a Website onShabbatQuestion: In answer to "when is it Shabbat on the internet?"(Jewish Star, Dec. 1, 2006) Rabbi Carmel states that the owner of acommercial website does not need to close the site on Shabbos aslong as he does not make money during that time.That sounds either like a legal fiction or an oxymoron.In the final analysis, if business is transacted and profitsaccrue at some time and place along the worldwide web, what sortof sophisticated bookkeeping would sort out when it is Shabbos atthe seller's location and not at the buyer's (if the buyer is evenJewish)? Even with the services of a Shabbos goy, wouldn't thesite-owner ultimately pocket the profits?There's something about the original answer that doesn't seemkosher and your comments would be appreciated.Answer: There are a number of problematic points in operating awebsite on Shabbat. Two of them directly relate to commercialactivity:A. Commercial activity is prohibited on Shabbat due to the verse"nor pursuing thy business, nor speaking thereof" (Yishaya 58,13) from which Chazal learn that a person may not look into hisassets on Shabbat. This prohibition is not connected to a person'sfinancial gain but rather to the very dealing and participation insomething with commercial and financial content.According to most poskim, the owner of a commercial websiteis not transgressing this prohibition since he is totally passive.However, in order to meet the terms of all of the opinions, itwould be proper to ensure that customer's credit cards are notbilled until Motzei Shabbat, and that this is clearly stated on thewebpage. This adaptation is uncomplicated and requires onlyminor adjustments of the website's program – and the paymentcan be postponed to a time when it is no longer Shabbat in anypart of the world.13

ASK THE RABBI IIIB. Chazal prohibited the receipt of payment for work done onShabbat, even for activities that are permitted on Shabbat, andthis includes not receiving salary for watching over someoneelse's belongings on Shabbat. This prohibition applies even ifthe payment is made on a weekday, due to the fact that the workpaid for was done on Shabbat. This prohibition applies also toreceiving salary for services provided over the internet.It is permitted to receive a monthly/annual payment for theright to access the website, due to the fact that Shabbat salary canbe absorbed into a larger payment - and in this way there is noprohibition.However, it is prohibited to receive unique payment for thesupply of information, or for watching a movie etc., because this issimilar to receiving payment for renting things out on Shabbat.This is also the case regarding a virtual market that receivespercentages from every transaction made in it. Receipt of uniquepayment or percentages will only be permitted if the site isoperated in partnership with a non-Jew so that each partner owns iton alternating days. This means that the one-time profits made onShabbat will be given to the non-Jewish partner, while, inexchange, the Jewish partner will receive the one-time profits madeon another day of the week1. This calculation can also be doneautomatically, after the necessary adjustments to the program aremade. Only in a situation of great distress and serious losses can itbe permitted to operate without such a partnership.To summarize: Credit billings must be done only on MotzeiShabbat, and this must be announced on the website. In the case ofa website providing a service that can only be paid for on anindividual use basis, or a website that collects a percentage fromevery transaction, the payments must be divided in an alternatingday partnership with a non-Jew, and only in a situation of greatdistress and serious losses can it be permitted to operate withoutsuch a partnership.1The non-Jewish partner must be a real partner in the company and not afictitious partner.14

ERETZ HEMDAH INSTITUTEFor in-depth perusal of the sources and poskim see ourpublication Shut BeMareh HaBazak Vol. 5, pages 89-100 whichdeal with this topic.15

ASK THE RABBI III11. Working as an Airport Security Officer,on ShabbatQuestion: I am an El-Al ground security officer somewhere inEurope. I was recently told that we will soon be responsible for t

THE LAWS OF YOM TOV: 42. Guidelines for an Israeli in Chu”l for Yom Tov Sheni 58 43. Having a non-Jew attend a business show on one’s behalf, on Yom Tov 60 44. Blowing the Shofar on the left side of one’s mouth 62 45. How to properly wash hands on Yom Kippur 63 46. Using mouthwash on Yom Kippur 64

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