JANUARY 2020 2019 In Review

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Published by The Optimists AlumniDrum & Bugle CorpsPlease direct all enquiries to the Editor:Toronto Optimist@rogers.comA PDF version of this publication is onour website: www.optimists-alumni.org2019 in reviewJ A N U A RY 2 0 2 0Parades, performances, Jeju South Korea Tour, Member photos, AnnualWoods’ Family Party, Old Skool Drum Corps and much more.IN THIS ISSUE.St. Patrick’s Day Parade 2Victoria Day Parade2Director’s Report3AGM Report3The Corps on YouTube3South Korea, Jeju Tour4The 2019Optimists Alumni7Annual Woods’Family Party10Grape Festival Parade12Oktoberfest Parade12Feature Article Old Skool Corps13Bob Carell - Retires22Santa Claus Parades24We RememberDon Daber2727Eric Burton29Jim Dwyer30Penny Tudhope30Rick Roussel31Wendy Paquin31Corps Schedule32How to reach us32DOWNLOAD FULL COLOUR ISSUES OF GCC FROM OUR WEBSITE: www.optimists-alumni.orgJANUARY 2020

PARADESSt. Patrick’s Day Parade - Toronto, March 10.Once again we “floated” through the Toronto St. Pat’s Day Parade. When we marched in this parade it was long and hard.Sitting on a trailer while playing the music, as we do now, makes the parade easier and a lot more enjoyable for us. It’s alsogreat for the crowd since we can play a lot more (when marching we need “recovery time” to catch our breath).Ken Taylor.L-R: Joe Gianna, Soo Lee, Doug Darwin.L-R: Liz Dodsworth, Rick Lang, Heather Hyslop.Brian Collingdon.L-R: Matt Davis and Rick Lang.Lily and Seung Ah Kim.Heather Hyslop.L-R: Laura and Lindsay Weiler.Victoria Day Parade - Woodstock, May 20.This was our 12th annual trip to Woodstock for the Victoria Day parade and we always look forward to it. The people aregreat and, as usual, we had a wonderful time.Ken Taylor.Mike Lang.JANUARY 2020Joe Gianna.Brian Menard.Liz Dodsworth and Heather Hyslop.Soo Lee.Bob Carell.2Debi LaPointe.Doug Darwin.

DIRECTOR’S REPORTCorps Director, Mike LangWELL 2019 WAS anotherexciting year to be a memberof the Optimists Alumni. Wehave grown from just another alumnicorps into an unique show band (it’sthe term most of our audience relateto). So whether it’s an indoor or rainyday performance in Hawaiian shirts,cold weather parades in the green cadettunics and black bibbers or a full blownshow in Mummers for everything else from televised parades tointernational tours we defy comparison.Looking ahead to 2020 we’re working on our first evertour of California aka the “Left Coast” code named “CaliforniaDreamin”. It would see us performing around the DCI showsout there starting the 2020 competitive season in the June18th - 28th, 2020 window. It would also provide opportunitiesto spend time with some of the World Class corps as theycelebrate Family Days before embarking on their full tours. Yesthere will also be time to sight-see (rumours abound they growgrapes out there) and the Pacific Ocean is never far away.Will there be changes in 2020? Definitely but nothingredefining. A few new tunes, some visual changes costumewise, and of course some new faces as we include both newmembers and friends into our performing family.Now on to the thank yous to everyone who providedassistance to us throughout the year whether it was here or offin South Korea. We appreciate all the effort, focus, supportand wisdom so freely given. Our own Executive (see below),Photographers (Eric McConachie and Laura and Lindsay Weileron tour, Website Manager (Bob Carell), Trailer Drivers (BarryWoods, Trisch Greschner and Glenda Roblin), and TrailerDecoration Volunteers (Heather Hyslop and many more),GCC Staff (Bob, Eric and David Johns). A special thanks toour many new brass friends Jason Logue, Kevin Tierney,Geoff Adeney, Keith Matthews, Mark Audino, Russ Bramanand Jim Wise. Finally thanks to Dave and Deb Bruce fortheir involvement on tour. Not to be forgotten thanks to DougDarwin and Dave MacKinnon for all their guidance andpatience. Together we achieved more than any of us couldever have accomplished alone.May the Christmas season bring you and yours all thejoy and warmth you deserve. We look forward to seeing allof you in the New Year.AGM ReportOur 2019 seasonofficially ended inSeptember with ourAnnual Meeting onSeptember 21, 2019and the election ofour Board of Directors.Our Executive for 2019 - 2020 Mike Lang Rick Lang Matt Davis Barry Bell Soo Lee Barry Woods Doug DarwinPresidentVice-PresidentTreasurerDirector at LargeDirector at LargeDirector at LargeBusiness ManagerVIDEOThe Corps on YouTubeA number of videos showing the OptimistsAlumni have been posted on YouTube. I haveyet to find a way to exclusively display videosof the Optimists Alumni (there are alwaysother corps in the list).I’ve posted the majority of the corpsvideos so the best method I’ve found so far, islisted below. It will display everything that I’veposted as well as a video of the 1967 TorontoOptimists at the CYO Nationals.a) go into your browser and go to YouTubeb) then enter the text below in the search bar:“optimists alumni” AND ##”happy snappy”I’ve added an option on the video portion ofthe drop-down menu on our website to do thisfor you.The corps performing at the Jeju Seaside Art Center in Jeju City.3JANUARY 2020

JEJU TOURJeju - South Korea - August 5 - 16.By Judy FergusonIN AUGUST 2019, the Optimists Alumni travelled to South Korea for the second time in three years. Why Korea? The tourdirector and the corps’ business manager, Doug Darwin, enjoys a roughly 30-year association with the country throughdrum corps. His knowledge of events on Jeju Island led to our trips. We performed at the 24th annual Jeju InternationalWind Ensemble Festival. (One guest was French horn player Felix Klieser, a young German born without arms. He plays withhis feet!) According to Doug, the Koreans invited us for our entertainment value. “We add another element with our colour,stage presence, and recognizable tunes. We’re friendly and involve the audience,” he said.JEJU LIES OFF the southernNORTH KOREASEAtip of South Korea. A volcanicOFJA PA Nisland, it has a population ofover 600,000. The UnitedSeoulNations Educational, Scientificand Cultural OrganizationSOUT H K O R E AYEL L OW(UNESCO) named Jeju to itsSEAworld heritage list, as a site “ofoutstanding value to humanity”because of its natural heritage.When planning theEAS T C H I N A S E AJejusecond visit to Jeju, theOptimists faced a problem:some members would miss thetrip. Health and financial concerns prevented some from joiningin; others felt that they’d “been there, done that.” We picked upa conductor and several excellent horn players.Former member Kimiko Yamada joined usfrom Japan, as on our first visit. Professionaltrumpeter Jason Logue acted as music directorand also played with us. Our group comprisedeight trumpets, two mellophones, fivebaritones, two sousaphones, three percussion,Kimiko Yamada.and some relatives who helped out.The direct flight to Seoul lasted 14 hours. (The airport’sslogan is Fly High @ Incheon Airport.) The next day we flew100 milesHaenyeo head out to work from Hallasan National Park.100 kmone hour to Jeju. At the airport, we laughed at the festival’spromotional video. It features footage of sousaphone playerKeith Dearlove dancing in a crowd of haenyeo two years ago.Haenyeo are Jeju’s (mostly elderly) female divers, whomUNESCO has inscribed on the Representative List of theIntangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. They dive withoutoxygen to harvest conch, abalone, sea urchin, and seaweed.Haenyeo sing haunting songs hundreds of years old while theydance with some tools of their trade.During the 2019 tour, the Optimists performed six times,three times in haenyeo villages, twice at the Jeju SeasideOutdoor Stage in Jeju City, and once outside the WorldAutomobile Jeju Museum. Our set list included 11 songs, andAt the Gyeongju airport. L-R: Mike Lang, mascot, Lindsay Weiler, Laura Weiler,Soo Lee, mascot, Matt Davis.JANUARY 2020Haenyeo carry a long net on their shoulders during their folk dance and song.4

JEJU TOUR (CONTINUED)my hand and exclaiming, ‘Annyeonghaseyo!’ [hello]), I wasoverwhelmed by their delightful response (and their giggles).Sometimes I invited children onto the stage and taught themto direct the band with my baton, or got them to march aroundas the ensemble played.”Between rehearsals at the start of the tour and theperformances, we had just one day off, but we fit in sightseeingmost days. Much of it involved nature: Hallasan National Park,with a dormant volcano; Hallim Park, 80 acres of tropicalgardens, caves, aviaries, and a folk village; ECOLAND ThemePark, another nature preserve, which visitors travel through ona small train; Cheonjeyeon forested park with waterfalls; andtwo beaches. We were surprised to find John Lennon’s RollsRoyce, painted in a psychedelic pattern, at the automobilemuseum. Other attractions included the sacred (YakchunsaMark Sichewski and Mike Lang with some officials of the Jeju Wind EnsembleFestival, including former Alumni member Yun Jung Go.The Alumni accompany haenyeo as they perform their folk song and dance at the Gosan-ri Haenyeo Outdoor Stage.performances lasted up to 30 minutes. We played outdoorsexcept when we had to move into a pizzeria’s triple garagedue to a nearby typhoon. At one village, haenyeo showed usphotos of our members from our visit two years ago. Their facesfell when they learned that two heartthrobs had not made thereturn trip.“One of my favourite parts of performing with thegroup was when we had an opportunity to really engage theaudience, young and old,” recalled conductor Yvette. “The firsttime I greeted the crowd in Korean (enthusiastically wavingYvette Byrne-Menardwith with statuette forparticipation.5Buddhist temple) and the profane(Loveland). Pizza Hut pizza (justlike home) fuelled us for a DrumCorps International Finals viewingparty. At the end of the 12-day trip,most people stayed in Seoul for theweekend, and two members wentwith Soo Lee and her daughters(Laura and Lindsay) to Busan fora few days.JANUARY 2020

JEJU TOUR (CONTINUED)Laura and Lindsay took thousands of photos. Visit ourwebsite to see a selection, which our webmaster will augmentover the coming months. As well, the Optimists Alumni’sFacebook site provides links to many performance videos.We are already planning next year’s trip (not to Korea).Join us! We work seriously on our music with the twin goals ofentertaining and having fun. MThe Optimists Alumni perform at the Gosan-ri Haenyeo Outdoor Stage. Waves crash against the shore in the background.Some members joined us for the first time in South Korea. Musicdirector Jason Logue keeps the beat during our first rehearsal.Lindsay, Laura, Soo, Mike andMatt in Busan.A meal in Gosan-ri. Haenyeo cooked seafood for us each time we performedin their village.JANUARY 2020Geoff, Mark Sichewski, Mark Audino, Kevin, Russand Soo pose with a children’s car outside the WorldAutomobile Jeju Museum.A performance outside the World Automobile Jeju Museum.6

THE 2019 OPTIMISTS ALUMNIBarry Bell - Alto,Board of DirectorsBarry Woods - Trumpet,Board of DirectorsBernadette Woods SupportBob Carell - Mellophone,GCC and WebsiteBrian Collingdon EuphoniumBrian Menard - ContrabassDave Bruce - Euphonium (Jeju Tour)Dave MacKinnon Music DirectorDavid Johns - GCCDebbie Bruce - SupportDebi LaPointe - supportDoug Darwin - Drums,Business ManagerDoug Roblin - TrumpetEric Dallosch - DrumsEric McConachie photographerGeoff Adeney - Trumpet (Jeju Tour)Glenda Roblin - SupportHeather Hyslop Mellophone, trailer decorationHa-Bi - TrumpetJason Logue - Music Directorfor Jeju trip - Trumpet7JANUARY 2020

THE 2019 OPTIMISTS ALUMNI (CONTINUED)Jay Walsh - TrumpetJim Wise - Sousaphone (Jeju Tour)Joe Gianna - TrumpetJudy Ferguson - DrumsKeith Dearlove SousaphoneKeith Matthews - Trumpet (Jeju Tour)Kelly Matthews - SupportKen Taylor - Congas andBaritoneKevin Tierney - Trumpet (Jeju Tour)Kimiko Yamada - TrumpetOptimists Alumni Show Band performs at the Jeju SeasideArt Center in Jeju City, South Korea.Laura Weiler - Supportand PhotographerJANUARY 2020Lindsay Weiler - Supportand PhotographerLisa Lin - Trumpet8

THE 2019 OPTIMISTS ALUMNI (CONTINUED)Liz Dodsworth MellophoneLorne Ferrazzutti - DrumsMark Audino - Mellophone (Jeju Tour)Mark Sichewski - BaritoneMatt Davis - Baritone,Board of DirectorsMike Lang - Baritone,Board of DirectorsRic Brown - Bass DrumRick Lang - Trumpet,Board of DirectorsRuss Braman - Baritone (Jeju Tour)Seung Ah Kim MellophoneSoo Lee - Trumpet,Board of DirectorsSue Oswald - BaritoneTrisch Greschner - SupportYvette Byrne-Menard Conductor9JANUARY 2020

THE WOODS’ FAMILY PARTYAnnual Woods’ Family Party - Kitchener, July 21.Once again Barry and Bernadette Woods hosted a party for corps members.Usually we have a BBQ in late August; however, this year’s event was held in July,before the corps headed off to Jeju, South Korea. For various reasons some ofour members could not make this year’s trip to Jeju and a few friends of the corpswent in their stead. This year’s BBQwas preceded by a rehearsal whichincluded everyone! Thanks to theadditional horns the sound of thecorps was amazing!! It made me wishthat we had a few more members.Thank youA bigto Barry and Bernadette!.Our hosts Bernadette and Barry Woods.Ken Taylor.L-R: Geoff Adeney, Ken Taylor, Rick Lang (trumpet) and Lorne Ferrazzutti.L-R: Seung Ah Kim and Mark Sinden.David Bruce and Mark Sichewski.JANUARY 2020Matt Davis.Yvette Byrne-Menard.L-R: Soo Lee and Barry Woods.Russ Braman.Jason Logue.10Kevin Tierney and Geoff Adeney.

THE WOODS’ FAMILY PARTY (CONTINUED)L-R: Geoff Adeney, Doug Roblin, Rick Lang, Kevin Tierney and Jason Logue.L-R: Barry Bell, Bob Carell, Seung Ah Kim, Mark Sinden, Liz Dodsworth, Heather Hyslop and Mike Lang.L-R: Ric Brown, Doug Darwin, Ken Taylor, Judy Ferguson and Lorne Ferrazzutti.11JANUARY 2020

PARADES (CONTINUED)Grape Festival Parade - St. Catharines, September 28.“Back in the day” the Grape Festival was the final parade and contest of the season. Our appearance this year was thefirst in many, many years. I wonder whether anyone watching remembers us from the old days. This year we were wearingour Mummers costumes so they certainly would not have recognized us by our appearance. The crowd loved our musicand we had a great time playing for them.Judy Ferguson.Mark Sichewski and Brian Menard.Ken Taylor.Standing: Doug Roblin.Sitting: Lorne Ferrazzutti and Soo Lee.Oktoberfest Parade - Kitchener, October 14.In 2018 the Optimists Alumni joined the Oktoberfest parade as part of “Oktobercorps”. This year we appeared as theOptimists Alumni. The Haenyeo from Jeju preceded us in the parade. It was cold, but the folks watching the parade warmedour hearts with their appreciation. Another great day.Barry Woods.JANUARY 2020Ha-Bi.Yvette Byrne-Menard.12Seung Ah Kim and Rick Lang. Soo Lee, Mike Lang and a Haenyeo Diver.

FEATURE ARTICLE - OLD SKOOL DRUM CORPSOld Skool Drum Corpsby Bob CarellAS MOST of us already know, the music and design that make up the show for a modern drum corpsis very different from that of “Old Skool” corps; however, many people who have grown up with DCImight not know how they differ. This article will explore some of those differences.Backgroundespecially in the North East area of the USA. One of thebenefits of drum corps was very well articulated by Norm Fachwho was both the Police Chief of St. Catharines, Ontario andthe Director of the local drum corps, the Grantham TownshipBack in the day Drum Corps were often sponsored by serviceorganizations such as Optimists Clubs, Lions Clubs, RotaryClubs, Boy Scouts, Police Athletic Leagues (PAL), CatholicDrum Majors on retreat in Racine, Wisconsin in 1964. This contest was a precursor to the mult-regional shows of today. It included the Casper Troopers from theWest, corps from the Midwest, the Boston Crusaders from the East Coast and the Toronto Optimists from Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Police Boys’ Band. He said “look I can either chase thesekids on the streets or gather them all up here and give themsomething constructive to do”.Corps developed their shows during the winter and springthen competed on summer weekends in the cities and townsof North America. Determining who was best was decided bya group of skilled of judges. Contests were usually “regional”with corps from the Midwest competing against each other andCorps from Canada and the Eastern states competing againsteach other. This presented a challenge for Canadian corps whena 500 mile overnight bus trip often preceded a competition.Upon arrival we had to practice then compete. It could bevery gruelling. The first time that I experienced a contest thatincluded a broad sampling of corps was a 1964 competitionin Racine, WI. In addition to the Midwest corps the contestincluded the Boston Crusaders, the Casper Troopers and, us, theToronto Optimists. It was a harbinger of the contests of today.A typical American corps had access to large indoorYouth Organizations (CYOs) and local organizations (oftentowns or counties helped with the finances). Other sponsorswere Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) or American Legion(AL). In order to compete in the VFW or AL championshipsthe Corps needed to be sponsored by a VFW or AL post. As aresult, American Corps would have both AL and VFW sponsors.Don Daber, a key figure in the Optimists organization(Toronto Optimists and Seneca Optimists) from 1960 untilthe Seneca Optimists disbanded, had a favourite chant: “Whatabout the kids?” As Don knew so well, Drum Corps neededto focus on “the kids” and that happened in many ways. Inaddition to learning to play a musical instrument there was areal camaraderie in drum corps that created friendships whichoften lasted a lifetime. Corps members learned valuable lifeskills such as self-discipline and the value of working as a teamto create something greater than oneself. Drum Corps also gavethe corps members a positive focus. CYOs, with their emphasison young people, were very active in the drum corps activity,13JANUARY 2020

OLD SKOOL DRUM CORPS (CONTINUED)armouries which meant thatline and a horn line. In thethey could develop theirearly days drum corps weredrill during the winter. Asmuch smaller than the corpsa result, they were able toof today. In the late 1950sfinish learning the drill fora typical corps consisted oftheir shows early and their40 to 60 members (eg: the1958 Toronto Optimists hadcompetition season usually39 members); however, corpsbegan in early May. Theirsizes started increasing so that,season would end after theby the end of the 1960s, corpsVFW and AL championshipsoften had 50 to 60 memberwhich were usually heldToronto Optimists practicing on Easter Weekend, 1963, in the parking lothorn lines!in mid-August and earlyof the Shell Tower at the CNE (Canadian National Exhibition) grounds. Thetemperature was a chilly 5ºC , which is 39ºF.Colour Guards wereSeptember.Canadian corps did notvery different from thehave access to large indoor drill spaces so they usually begancolour guards of today. There was always a National Party thatincluded an American or Canadian and American flags pluslearning drill outside, often in the snow, on Easter weekend.someone carrying a weapon (rifle, sabre, pistol) to “guard”Given the late start on creating a drill show the corps seasonthe National Colours. “Old Skool” flag poles were often muchin Canada usually began in late June, with the Rose Festivaltaller than the poles used today and flags were much heavier, asthat was held in Welland, Ontario. The Canadian Nationalsmany were embroidered. For example, the flag poles used bywere held on the second Saturday of September and the seasonmy corps, the Toronto Optimists, included an aluminum pointnormally ended at the end of September with a corps contest at(about 10 or 12 inches) at the top. When assembled (the polesthe Grape Festival in St Catharines, Ontario.were in two pieces) the total height was approximatelyComposition and size of a typical drum corps 11 feet. The flags that we used consisted of two embroideredIn the early days many corps were male-only while others wereflags stitched together with a fringe. Given the height of thepoles and thestrictly female.weight of the flagsAll corps, whetherit was a strugglemale, female orto keep the flagsmixed, competedupright in heavyagainst each otherwinds. In fact,although, for manythe flags were soyears, the Canadianheavy that our flagNationals alsopoles often bentincluded an “Allwhen the guardGirl” category.did a “presentOver the years thearms” (a rapidcomposition ofdip of the flags tocorps changed sosalute the Nationalthat most of ntstepsofDeLaSalle“Oaklands”.Colours at theincluded bothThe total corps size was 39 members.end of the Colourmale and femalePresentation). Given the size of the poles and the weight of themembers.Today we have DCI corps that have a maximum age offlags about all that could be done with the flags was keep then21 and All-Age corps. Back in the day there were Junior Corpsupright, dip them and, on occasion, removewith the maximum age of 21 and Senior Corps for which mostthe poles from their holsters and do some simple movements.A typical drum line consisted of three snare drums,member were over 21. One of the differences, though, was thatthree tenor drums, one or two bass drums, a few cymbals and,Junior Corps sometimes competed in Senior contests.A typical drum corps consisted of a Colour Guard, a drum perhaps, some glockenspiels. By 1960 most corps had stoppedJANUARY 202014

OLD SKOOL DRUM CORPS (CONTINUED)using glockenspiels. Except for small changes in numbersField size and show designthis configuration varied little until the late the 1960s whenCorps contests were held on an American size football fieldadditional types of drums (side-mounted Bass drums, Typanis,(100 yards long x160 feet wide vs 110 x 65 yards for aetc) were added. In 1960 the Toronto Optimists introducedCanadian field). In the old days, the only lines on the fieldwhat was then considered a very big drumline that included sixwould usually be the sidelines and, perhaps, a line indicatingsnares and three tenors; however, the extra tenths in GE werecentre field. Some of these fields were closer to cow pasturesoffset by reduced executionand there was always thescores and they reverted topossibility of steppingthe usual three and three.into a hole on the field andObtaining permission to usetripping. At times a contestnon-traditional instrumentsmight be held on a baseballcould be a challenge. Idiamond which meant thatthink it was 1965 when thethe stands could be at anToronto Optimists plannedangle to the corps. Tryingon playing Temptation.to maintain a straight lineWe wanted to use Steelpanunder those circumstancesdrums (also called Steelcould be a challenge. Ifdrums or Pan drums) inwe were lucky the frontToronto Optimists competing at Roosevelt Stadium in the 1960 “Previewthe music but the rulessideline would be the thirdof Champions”. You can see that the only markings are an outline of theorganizations refused tobase line. A corps wouldcompetition field.allow their use.often step off the line inEarly horn linesa cloud of dust and it wasusually used G bugles thatalways interesting to watchhad a single, horizontallya line of corps membersmounted piston valvego up and down as theywhich altered the note bymarched over the pitcher’sa full tone. A half-tonemound. Today’s fancyslide was eventually addedastro-turf fields with a flatand this was replaced bysurface and marked linesa rotary valve. In terms ofevery five yards areinstrumentation, corps useda definite improvement.Sopranos, Tenors, FrenchTypically a corps’Horns and Baritones. Theshow would include an1961 - Toronto Optimists step “Off The Line” on a dry, dusty field in Windsor, Ontario.Baritones were eventually“Off The Line” number,replaced by larger Bassa stationary concert,Baritone horns. Whaley Royce, a Canadian bugle manufacturera mandatory colour presentation (presenting the Nationalthat had developed the first French Horn bugle in the 1940s,Colours) as well as an exit or “Off The Field” song. A corpsdeveloped the first Contrabass around 1959; however, itwould form up on the starting line (left end from a spectator’swas not until 1962 that the Contrabass was first used by theperspective), play some songs while in motion, perform aGarfield Cadets and the Hawthorne Caballeros. By the way, thestationary “concert” at centre field, near the sideline, play anAugust 2012 issue of GCC contains an article by Don Angelica“out of concert” number and they would end their show on the(reprinted from the August 8, 1962 issue of Drum Corps News)“finish line” (on the right end of the field). Before the “Off Thein which he discusses the controversy that arose from using theLine” number the corps might perform an “opening fanfare”contrabass. Whaley Royce also created the Mellophone andand there might, perhaps, be a “closing fanfare” on the finish line.the Euphonium which were first used by corps in 1964 (theUnlike the free-flowing drills of today M&M showsMellophone was based on the Mellophonium which was created were designed to present effectiveness using company fronts,by Conn in the late 1950s for the Stan Kenton Orchestra).echelons, squads, platoons etc. “Ticks” were assessed (a tickreduced the score by one tenth of a point) if anyone was out15JANUARY 2020

OLD SKOOL DRUM CORPS (CONTINUED)they must be in motionfor at least 8 of thoseminutes. The timing fora performance began atthe first note of musicJudging andor at the first step off thePoint Allocationstarting line and endedToday, scoring and pointwhen the last corpsallocation is standardized;member crossed thehowever, that was not“finish line”. A startersalways the case. We’ll getpistol would be firedto that later. Right nowwhen the show began,let’s look at the types ofagain at the 11 minutejudges we used to have.mark as well as whenThere was alwaysthe final corps membera Timing judge, often a1962 - Rome, New York. Toronto Optimists’ National Party using regulation army issue,Lee Enfield 303 caliber rifles with nine inch steel bayonets. All the metal parts were chromecrossed the finish line.judge who conducted anplated. Total weight: 9.2 lbs. (The breach was welded closed )During a typicalInspection (inspectionsinspection a judge would look at each member to check theirdisappeared around 1965), as well as the mandatory Executionpersonal appearance, their uniform and their equipment.judges on the field and General Effect judges in the stands.Each infraction (eg unkempt appearance, dirt on a uniform,A corps’ final score would be the total of all categories minusan unpolished horn, etc) resulted in a penalty of one tenthinspection infractions and penalties.of a point.Corps could receive “penalties” for a number of reasons.In terms of execution, a corps would begin with theFor example, in the area of timing a corps would receive a twomaximum points for a category and judges deducted a tenth ofpoint penalty for being over-time or under-time. Corps woulda point for every mistake they saw. When it came to Generalalso be assessed a minimum two point penalty for being lateEffect a corps beganfor inspection. Duringwith zero marks in thea performance a corpscategory and the judgeswould be penalizedgave marks based ona tenth of a point forwhat the thought of thedropping a piece ofshow.equipment plus a fullThere wouldpoint if it was pickedtypicallybe six Fieldup. Avoiding a one pointor Execution Judges,penalty meant that, if atwo each for marching,drum stick, mouthpiece,drumming and bugles.rifle, etc was droppedThese judges used awe had to wait until“tick system” in botha judge (hopefully)drill and music. Theypicked it up and handed1965 - Toronto Optimists – “Colour Presentation” at the Canadian Nationalsin Hamilton, Ontario.looked and listened forit to us. In additionerrors and each infraction that they noticed generated a “tick”to these examples, there were numerous rules regarding thewhich decreased a corps’ score by 1/10th of a point.National Flag and Flag Violations often generated penalties.While I can’t comment about the judging for horns andFor example, “nothing could pass between the guard and thedrums I remember M&M judging varied by jurisdiction withNational Flag” or “when the National Flag passes by, all otherthe most stringent judging occurring in the US Midwest. Jackflags must dip in respect”. Each flag violation generated aRoberts was a former M&M judge as well as a drill designerpenalty of two points.and instructor for the Toronto Optimists. He remembers: “theWhen it came to timing, judging rules stated that a corps’Midwest judging was a little different with zero tolerance. If theperformance must be between 11 and 13 minutes long andof step, if lines weren’tstraight, intervals werenot equal, etc.JANUARY 202016

OLD SKOOL DRUM CORPS (CONTINUED)GE scores because thefront had one or ten notjudges needed to “leavein the front, you wouldspace” in case betterreceive a tick for eachcorps performed later.person, one or ten. If theAs you can see, twofront continued like thatmain factors decided thewith no recovery, usuallywinner of a corps contest.10 steps, they would tickThe first of these was,all over. That said, it wasof course, the skill withusually up to the M&Mwhich the performancejudge to decide, as longwas executed. The Fieldas he or she was uniformJudges handled thatthroughout the contest.aspect. The second factor,The judges in Midwest,Mr Baggs with the Chief Judges of the NY and Michigan All-American Association. (1965)General Effect, was lessEast and Canada all didL-R: Al Tevels, NY; Mr Baggs; Col. G. Cutler, Michigan.clear cut. Unfortunately,it similar, but Midwestwhen it came to the allocation of points, there was an absencewas brutal. For example a squad had to have all its membersof uniformity since competitions did not use a standardizedperfectly erect at all times. In Canada and East, if the

NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA Seoul Jeju 100 miles 100 km JEJU LIES OFF the southern tip of South Korea. A volcanic island, it has a population of over 600,000. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) named Jeju to its world heritage list, as a site “of

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January Week 4 1/19/2020 1/20/2020 1/21/2020 1/22/2020 1/23/2020 1/24/2020 1/25/2020 Total Weekly Client total hours worked for DECEMBER _ Client Authorized hours for JANUARY _ Dec-19 Jan-20 Total Hours worked JANUARY 1-25 _ (Add these hours to January hours on top of next month's page.) Feb-20 .

Volume 5 Issue 1 January, 2020 January 1 January 6 January 12 January 15 January 15 January 20 January 28 Church Office Closed Women of the Church Meeting 11:00 am Vestry Meeting 11:30 am St. Jude’s Prayer Guild 11:00 am Outreach Committee Meeting 3:00 pm Church Office Closed for MLK Day Men’s Group Meeting 6:00 pm .

Winter Break Begins/No Classes December 20 December 16 December 17 December 16 College Closed December 21 December 17 December 18 December 17 SPRING SEMESTER Spring Semester Begins : January 7, 2020 . January 5, 2021 : January 4, 2022 . January 4, 2023 : Martin Luther King Day/College Closed January 20 January 18 January 17 January 16