Socio-Economics, Inclusion, And Study Abroad

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Socio-Economics, Inclusion, and StudyAbroadKeshia N. Abraham, Ph.D., Senior Director of Diversity and Inclusion (CIEE); Ray Casserly, Ph.D., AcademicDirector of Global Institutes (CIEE); Quinton Redcliffe, Director of Diversity and Inclusion (CIEE)

Agenda1. Introductions2. A Story of Hope: Socio-Economics, Inclusion, and Study Abroad (Keshia N. Abraham)3. Challenges of Cost, Culture, and Class Context (Ray Casserly)4. Socio-economics, Inclusion, and Study Abroad in Cape Town South Africa (Quinton Redcliffe)5. Breakout (Keshia N. Abraham)6. Debrief

A STORY OF HOPE: SOCIOECONOMIC DIVERSITY ANDEQUITY ABROAD

Hope.

Key Take Aways?What do we hope for?What do we do for Hope (and others like her)?What is your hope here?How do we build with hope/Hope in mind?

CHALLENGES OF COST,CULTURE, AND CLASS

The Host Context (UK)“Not every student benefits equally from theirUK university experience. Substantialinequalities persist throughout the student 13% British White to British BAME studentattainment gap 10% Attainment gap for students living at homelifecycle between students of different socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds.” 15.6% attainment gap for students living inLondon(NUS 2019:1-13)

The Host Context (UK) 1/25 British White unemployed versus 1/10British BAME unemployed Black male graduates experience 17% paygap from White male graduates 26% pay gap at Universities between BAMEand White academics FSM-entitled had lower attainment thannon-FSM young people in NI FSM-entitled Protestant males had thelowest achievement rates with consistentlylower attainment proportions at GCSE and ALevel than all other groups.

COMPARING THE COST CONTEXT ISA [KA]HOOT!

Comparing the Cost Context Join at www.kahoot.it or with the Kahoot! App with Game PIN: Work in pairs or individually Use pseudonyms if you prefer

SOLUTIONS

Academics and Student LifeAcademic Affairs’ 2-day workshops at existingCIEE sites and new Global Institutes covering:Embedded Intercultural Component and StudyTours: Half board Lesson Planning and Delivery Grading and Feedback All scheduled activities included Reduces social-economic isolation

SOCIO-ECONOMICS,INCLUSION, AND STUDYABROAD IN CAPE TOWNSOUTH AFRICA

Outline An understanding of the Cape Town, South African Socio- EconomicReality. South African Student Protests as a result of Social and EconomicExclusion. Our US students and the Socio-Psychological Impact on them becauseof the South African Socio- Economic Context. Study Abroad that results in Exclusions US Students Locals

South African DemographicsIn 2010 of the total South African population at the time, 79.4 percent declared themselves to be Black African 9.2 percent were shown as White 8.8 percent colored and 2.6 percent Indian or Asian. A final category shown as unspecified / other but the results werenegligible and as such were ultimately omitted.

The World Bank Called South Africa the most Unequalcountry in the world About a tenth of the country’s population is estimated toown about nine-tenths of the wealth. The inequality reflectsthe old racial divide. South Africa has one of the world’s highest unemploymentrates at 27%. On average black South African households earn less than20 per cent of white South Africans’ average earnings.

Most Unequal SocietyThe divide is entrenched early in people’s lives: In the education system. Almost all white pupils pass the final-yearsecondary school exams that are required to enter university. Only two-thirds of their black counterparts manage the same feat.Black South Africans also face disadvantages accessing healthcare andother services.

Cost of Living in South Africa The Cost of living in South Africa is 42.69% lower than in UnitedStates (aggregate data for all cities, rent is not taken into account).Rent in South Africa is 60.48% lower than in United States (averagedata for all cities). Most of our students can manage their daily expenses like food,transport, toiletries, airtime, etc. (Basic Needs) Many students live a very lavish lifestyle while they are in South Africabecause of the low cost of living relative to the US. They live they areLARGE and INCHARGE.

Exclusion of our students Are you Black or Coloured? White and Black guilt. Checking my Privilege and Power. You must be rich because you are an American Study Abroad Student. Things start becoming expensive when students start going toexpensive restaurants, renting an Air B&B that overlooks the AtlanticOcean, a visit to a Private Game Reserve, flying off to anotherSouthern African Country, . Feeling excluded as a Black American who wants to be in support ofthe struggle of African black people.

Exclusion of our students cont Suggesting things to do during your free time that is too expensive forstudents. Like Shark Cage Diving, Zip Line experience, Riding anOstrich. Students who have to wait for their Financial Aid feel anxious aboutmeeting their basic needs. Some students are not able to participate in the high end trips duringthe breaks. Poor financial planning also results in students not being able to meettheir basic needs. The pressure to participate in things is often veryhard for them.

How Study Abroad Excludes some locals Many host families are wealthy middle class and white. This excludes blackfamilies who don’t have American style houses. Blacks are excluded because they don’t have wifi, smoke detectors and otherimportant American things. Blacks are excluded because they cannot get police clearance for every familymember. Family is viewed and experienced differently than in the US. Familymembers can show up at any time to stay. Homestays need to emulate an American experience in order to keep studentshappy. Its often called “ Africa Lite”. The price of rent escalates in and around the university because of US studyabroad programs. This forces black students to have to move further away toget housing.

More Questions than Answers What can we do to better prepare our students to deal with theadvantages and the disadvantages of a strong dollar in South Africa? What can we do to help our students deal with the guilt of theirprivileged economic position. What can we do to make sure that we are not excluding loweconomic study abroad students from participating fully in theirinternational experience? What can we do to ensure that black people in South Africa alsobenefit from the revenue generated through study abroad?

SOCIO-ECONOMICS,INCLUSION, AND STUDYABROAD: BREAKOUT

Key Take Aways?What do we hope for?What do we do for Hope (and others like her)?What is your hope here?How do we build with hope/Hope in mind?

An understanding of the Cape Town, South African Socio- Economic Reality. South African Student Protests as a result of Social and Economic Exclusion. Our US students and the Socio-Psychological Impact on them because of the South African Socio-Economic Context. Study

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