Remedial Law - Civil Procedure

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Remedial Law Civil ProcedureCase Digest

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAWUNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMASFACULTY OF CIVIL LAWLIST OF CASESCivil ProcedureI. General PrinciplesA. Concept of Remedial or Procedural Law1. Alfonso Singson Cortal vs Inaki Larrazabal, G.R. No. 199107. August 30, 2017,2. Vivencio, Eugenio, Joji and Myrna, All Surnamed Mateo vs. Department of AgrarianReform, Land Bank of the Philippines and Mariano T. Rodriguez, et al., G.R. No. 186339,February 15, 20173. Priscilla Alma Jose v. Ramon C. Javellana, et al., G.R. No. 158239, January 25, 2012B. Nature of remedial lawo Ateneo v. De La Rosa, G. R. No. L-286, March 28, 1946C. Substantive law vis a vis remedial law1. Rodante Guyamin, et.al. v. Jacinto Flores, et.al., G.R. No. 202189, April 25, 20172. Bustos v. Lucero, G.R. No. L-2086, March 8, 1949D. Procedural laws applicable to actions pending at the time of promulgationo Panay Railways Inc. v. Heva Management and Development Corporation, et al., G.R. No.154061, January 25, 2012E. Liberal construction of procedural rules1. Felix Martos, et al. v. New San Jose Builders, Inc., G.R. No. 192650, October 24, 20122. Maria Consolacion Rivera-Pascual v. Sps. Marilyn Lim, et al., G.R. No. 191837,September 19, 2012F. Rule-making power of the Supreme Court1. Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Migrant Pagbilao Corporation, G.R. No.159593, October 12, 20062. Salvador Estipona, Jr. v. Hon. Frank E. Lobrigo, G.R. No. 226679, August 15, 20173. SM Land, Inc., et al. v. City of Manila, et al., G.R. No. 197151, October 22, 20124. Pinga v. Heirs of Santiago, G.R. No. 170354, June 30, 20065. In the Matter of the Petition for the Issuance of a Writ of Amparo in Favor of LilibethLadaga v. Major General Reynaldo Mapagu, et al., G.R. No. 189689/G.R. No. 189691,November 13, 2012G. Nature of Philippine Courtso BP Oil and Chemicals International Philippines, Inc., Petitioner vs.Total Distribution& Logistic Systems, Inc., Respondents, G.R. No. 214406, February 6, 20171. Classification of Philippine Courts2. Principle of judicial Hierarchya. Senator Leila de Lima vs Hon. Juanita Guerrero, et al, G.R. No. 229781, October 10,2017b. Audi AG v. Mejia, G.R. No. 167533, July 27, 2007c. Delos Reyes v. People, G.R. No. 138297, January 27, 2006d. COMELEC v. Quijano-Padilla, G.R. No. 151992, September 18, 2002e. United Claimants Association of NEA v. National Electrification Administration, G.R.No. 187107, January 31, 2012f. Emmanuel De Castro v. Emerson Carlos, G.R. No. 194994, April 16, 20131

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAW3. Transcendental importanceUnited Claimants Association of NEA v. National Electrification Administration, G.R. No.187107, January 31, 20124. Doctrine of non-interference or judicial stabilitySinter Corporation and Phividec Industrial Authority v. Cagayan Electric Power andLight Co., Inc., G.R. No. 127371, April 25, 20025. Doctrine of Primary jurisdictiona. Omictin v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 148004, January 22, 2007b. Republic v. Lacap, 517 SCRA 255 [2007]6. Doctrine of adherence of jurisdiction/continuing jurisdictionAbad, et al. v. RTC of Manila, et al., G.R. No. L-65505, October 12, 1987II. JurisdictionA. Over the parties1. How jurisdiction over the plaintiff is acquired2. How jurisdiction over the defendant is acquireda. Optima Realty Corporation v. Hertz Phil., Exclusive, Inc., G.R. No. 183035, January 9,2013b. Afdal & Afdal v. Carlos, G.R. No. 173379, December 1, 2010B. Over the subject matter1. How jurisdiction is conferred and determineda. Joseph Regalado vs Emma de la Rama vda. de la Pena, Jesusa de la Pena,Johnny de la Pena, Johanna de la Pena, Jose de la Pena,Jessica de la Pena, and Jaime Antonio de la Pena, G.R. No. 202448, December 13,2017b. Union Bank of the Philippines vs. The Honorable Regional Agrarian Reform Officer,G.R. No. 200369, March 1, 2017c. Jonathan Y. Dee v. Harvest All Investment Limited, et al., v. Alliance Select FoodsInternational, Inc., et al., G.R. No. 224834 G.R. No. 224871March 15, 2017a. Fe V. Rapsing, et al. v. Hon. Judge Maximino R.Ables, et al., G.R. No. 171855, October15, 2012b. Mendoza v. Germino & Germino, G.R. No. 165676, November 22, 2010c. Remedios Antonino v. The Register of Deeds of Makati City, et al., G.R. No. 185663,June 20, 2012d. Loloy Unduran, et.al. v. Ramon Aberarturi, et.al., G.R. No. 181284, April 18, 20172. Objections to jurisdiction over the subject mattero Lasmis v. Dong-E, G.R. No. 173021, October 20, 20103. Effect of estoppel on objections to jurisdictiona. De Leon v. Court of Appeals, 245 SCRA 166 [1995]b. Tijam v. Sibonghanoy, 23 SCRA 29c. Atty. Cudiamat, et al. v. Batangas Savings & Loan Bank, et al., G.R. No. 182403, March9, 20104. Error of jurisdiction as distinguished from error of judgmento First Corporation v. Former Sixth Division of Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No.171989, July 4, 2007C. Over the issueso TGN Realty Corporation v. Villa Teresa Homeowners Association (VTHA), G.R. No.164795, April 19, 2017o De Joya v. Marquez, et al., G.R. No. 163416, January 31, 20062

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAWD. Over the res or property in litigationo Ferdinand Marcos, Jr, v. Republic, G.R. No. 189505, March 12, 2014E. Jurisdiction of Courtso Supapo v. Sps. De Jesus, G.R. No. 198356, April 20, 20151. Supreme Court2. Court of Appealso Trinidad Diaz-Enriquez vs. Director of Lands, G.R. No. 168065/G.R. No. 168070.September 6, 20173. Sandiganbayan4. Regional Trial Courtso Philippine Bank of Communications, Petitioner, vs. Hon. Court of Appeals, Hon.Honorio E. Guanlao, Jr., In his capacity as Presiding Judge of the Regional Trial Court,Makati City, Branch 56, Traveller Kids Inc., Cely L. Gabaldon-Co and Jeannie L.Lugmoc, Respondents, G.R. No. 218901, February 15, 2017Mercedita C. Coombs v.Victoria C. Castaneda, Virgilio Veloso Santos, Sps. Pancho &Edith Leviste, BPI Family Savings Bank and the Register of Deeds of Muntinlupa City,G.R. No. 192353 March 15, 20175. Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts in Cities,Municipal Circuit Trial Court6. Shari’a Courto The Municipality Of Tangkal, Province Of Lanao Del Norte, Petitioner, Vs. Hon. RasadB. Balindong, in his capacity as Presiding Judge, Shari’a District Court, 4th JudicialDistrict, Marawi City, and Heirs Of The Late Macalabo Alompo, represented bySultan Dimnang B. Alompo, Respondents, G.R. No. 193340, January 11, 2017F. Jurisdiction over Small Claimso A.L. Ang Network, Inc. v. Emma Mondejar, et al., G.R. No. 200804, January 22, 2014G. Rule on Summary Procedure- Fiorello R. Jose v. Roberto Alfuerto, et al., G.R. No. 69380, November 26, 2012- Republic of the Philippines v. Valentina Espinosa, Registrar of Deeds of NegrosOccidental et.al., G.R. No. 186603, April 5, 2017H. Barangay conciliation1. Jose Audie Abagatnan et al vs.Spouses Jonathan Clarito And Elsa Clarito, G.R. No. 211966.August 7, 20172. Gegare v. CA, G.R. No. 83907, September 13, 19893. Sanchez v. Tupaz, G.R. No. 76690, February 29, 19884. Vda. De Borromeo v. Pogoy, G.R. No. L-63277, November 29, 19835. Peregrina v. Panis, 133 SCRA 756. Librada M. Aquino v. Ernest Aure, G.R. No. 153567, February 18, 20087. Crisanta Alcaraz Miguel v. Jerry D. Montanez, G.R. No. 191336, January 25, 2012I. Totality ruleo Flores v. Mallare-Phillips, 144 SCRA 377III. Civil ProcedureA. Kinds of actions1. Ordinary civil actions2. Special civil actions3. Criminal actions3

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAW4. Civil actions vs. special proceedingso Ramon Ching and Po Wing Corp. v. Rodriguez, et al., G.R. No. 192828, November28, 20115. Personal actions and real actionsa. Paglaum Management & Development Corp. and Health Marketing Technologies,Inc. v. - Union Bank of the Philippines, et al., G.R. No. 179018, June 18, 2012b. United Alloy Philipines Corporation, Spouses David C. Chua and Luten Chua vs.United Coconut Planters Bank, G.R. No. 175949, January 30, 20176. Local and transitory actions7. Actions in rem, in personam and quasi in rema. Belen v. Chavez, 549 SCRA 479b. Planters Development Bank v. Julie Chandumal, G. R. No. 195619, September 5, 2012c. Biaco v. Philippine Countryside Rural Bank, 515 SCRA 106d. Yu v. Pacleb, etc., G.R. No. 172172, February 24, 20098. Independent civil actionB. Payment of docket feesa. Manchester Development v. CA, 149, SCRA 562b. Sun Insurance Office Ltd. v. Asuncion, 170 SCRA 274c. Ballatan v. CA, 304 SCRA 34d. Heirs of Reinoso, Sr. v. CA, 654 SCRA 1e. Re: In the Matter of Exemption From payment of All Court and Sheriff’s Fees ofCooperatives Duly Registered in Accordance with RA NO. 9520, [A.M. No. 12-2-03-0,March 13, 2012]f. Ricardo Rizal, etal. v. Leoncia Naredo, et al., G.R. No. 151898, March 14, 2012C. Cause of action1. Meaning of cause of actiona. Manuel C. Ubas, Sr. vs.Wilson Chan, G.R. No. 215910, February 6, 2017b. Goodland Company, Inc. v. Asia United Bank, et al., G.R. No. 195561, March 14, 20122. Elements of cause of actiona. Relucio v. Lopez, 373 SCRA 578b. Juana Complex I Homeowners Association, Inc. et al. v. Fil-Estate Land, Inc. G.R. No.152272, March 5, 20123. Right of action versus cause of action4. Failure to state a cause of actiona. Asia Brewery Inc. and Charles Go v. Equitable PCI Bank (now BDO), G.R. No. 190432,April 25, 2017b. Butuan Development Corporation(BDC) v. Court of Appeals (Mindanao Station),et.al., G.R. No. 197358, April 5, 2017c. Miguel "Lucky" Guillermo and AV Manila Creative Production Co. v. PhilippineInformation Agency and Department of Public Works and Highways, G.R. No.223751 March 15, 20175. Test of sufficiency of a cause of actiona. Jose Diaz, Jr. and Adelina McMullen vs Salvador Valenciano, Jr.G.R. 209376, December 6, 2017b. Misamis Occidental II Cooperative, Inc. v. David, 468 SCRA 63c. Juana Complex I Homeowners Association, Inc. et al. v. Fil-Estate Land, Inc. G.R. No.152272, March 5, 20124

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAWd. BSP v. Legaspi, G.R. No. 205966, March 2, 20166. Splitting a single cause of action and its effectsa. Goodland Company, Inc. v. Asia United Bank, et al., G.R. No. 195561, March 14, 2012b. Philippine National Bank v. Getway Property Holdings, Inc., G.R. No. 181485,February 15, 20127. Joinder and misjoinder of causes of actionD. Parties to civil actions1. Real party-in-interesta. Salonga v. Warner Barnes & Co., 88 Phil 125b. Fortich v. Corona, 289 SCRA 624c. Samaniego v. Aguila, 334 SCRA 438d. Theodore and Nancy Ang, etc. v. Spouses Alan and Em Ang, G.R. No. 186993, August22, 2012e. Teodulfo E. Lao, Jr. vs. LGU of Cagayan De Oro City, G.R. No. 187869. September 13,20172. Locus standia. Most Reverend Pedro D. Arigo v. Scott S. Swift, G.R. No. 206510, September 16, 2014b. Resident Marine Mammals of the Protected Seascape Tanon Strait v. Sec. AngeloReyes, G.R. No. 180771, April 21, 20153. Indispensable partya. Philippine Veterans Bank, Petitioner, V. Spouses Ramon And Annabelle Sabado,Respondents, G.R. No. 224204. August 30, 2017b. Spring Homes Subdivision Co., Inc., Spouses Pedro L. Lumbres and Rebecca T.Roaring vs.Spouses Pedro Tablada, Jr. and Zenaida Tablada, G.R. No. 200009,January 23, 2017c. Simny G. Guy, et al. v. Gilbert Guy, G.R. No. 189486, September 5, 2012d. Living @Sense, Inc. v. Malayan Insurance Company, Inc., G.R. No. 193753, September26, 2012e. Philip L. Go, et al. v. Distinction Properties Development and Construction, Inc., G.R.No. 194024, April 25, 2012f. Sepulveda, Sr. v. Pelaez, G.R. No. 152195, January 31, 2005g. Socorro Limos, et al. v. Sps. Odiones, G.R. No. 186979, August 11, 2011h. Heirs of Faustino Mesina, etc. v. Heirs of Fian, et al., G.R. No. 201816, April 8, 2013i. Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management Corporation (PSALM), Petitionervs. Court Of Appeals (21st Division), and Francisco Labao, as General Manager ofSan Miguel Protective Security Agency (SMPSA), Respondents, G.R. No. 194226,February 15, 20174. Representatives as partieso Theodore and Nancy Ang, etc. v. Spouses Alan and Em Ang, G.R. No. 186993,August 22, 20125. Necessary partyo Seno v. Mangubat, 156 SCRA 1136. Indigent party7. Alternative defendants8. Compulsory and permissive joinder of parties9. Misjoinder and non-joinder of parties5

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAWIn the matter of Heirship (Intestate Estate) of the Late Hermogenes Rodriguez,et al. v. Jaime Robles, G.R. No. 182645, December 15, 201010. Class suita. Borlasa v. Polistico, 47 Phil 345b. Newsweek Inc., v. IAC, 142 SCRA 171c. Oposa v. Factoran, 224 SCRA 792d. Ortigas& Co., Limited Partnership v. Ruiz, 148 SCRA 326e. Banda, et al. v. Ermita, et al., G.R. No. 16620, April 20, 2010f. Juana Complex I Homeowners Association, Inc. et al. v. Fil-Estate Land, Inc. G.R. No.152272, March 5, 201211. Suits against entities without juridical personality12. How to implead unknown ownero Phil. Charter Insurance v. Explorer Maritime, G.R. No. 175409, September 7,201113. Effect of death of party-litiganta. Riviera Filipina v. CA, G.R. No. 117355, April 5, 2002b. Lawas v. CA, et al., G.R. No. L-45809, December 12, 1986c. Conchita S. Uy, Et Al. V. Crispulo Del Castillo, Substituted By His Heirs PaulitaManatad-Del Castillo Et Al., G.R. No. 223610, July 24, 201714. Substitution of partieso Spouses Amado O. Ibañez and Esther R. Ibañez, Petitioners vs. James Harper asRepresentative of the Heirs of Francisco Muñoz, Sr., the Register of Deeds ofManila and the Sheriff of Manila, Respondents, G.R. No. 194272, February 15,2017E. Venueo Planters Development Bank v. Spouses Ramos, G.R. No. 228167, September 20,20171. Venue versus jurisdictiono Pilipinas Shell Petroleum Corporation vs.Royal Ferry Services, Inc., G.R. No.188146, February 1, 2017o Nocum and Philippine Daily Inquirer v. Tan, G.R. No. 145022, September 23,20052. Venue of real actionso Paglaum Management & Development Corp. and Health Marketing Technologies,Inc. v. Union Bank of the Philippines, et al., G.R. No. 179018, June 18, 20123. Venue of personal actionsa. Theodore and Nancy Ang, etc. v. Spouses Alan and Em Ang, G.R. No. 186993, August22, 2012b. Sps. Teodoro Saraza, et al. v. William Francisco, G.R. NO. 198718, November 27,2013c. Planters Development Bank v. Spouses Victoriano and Melanie Ramos, G.R. No.228617, September 20, 2017d. Ley Construction And Development Corporation, represented by its President, JanetC. Ley, Petitioner, vs. Marvin Medel Sedano, doing business under the name andstyle "Lola Taba Lolo Pato Palengke At Paluto Sa Seaside,", Respondent, G.R. No.222711. August 23, 20174. Venue of actions against non-residentso6

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAW5. When the rules on venue do not applya. Theodore and Nancy Ang, etc. v. Spouses Alan and Em Ang, G.R. No. 186993, August22, 2012b. Paglaum Management & Development Corp. and Health Marketing Technologies,Inc. v. Union Bank of the Philippines, et al., G.R. No. 179018, June 18, 2012c. Polytrade Corp. v. Blanco, 30 SCRA 187d. Sweet Lines v. Teves, G.R. No. 28324, May 19, 1972F. Pleadings1. Kinds of pleadingsa. Complainto Philip L. Go, et al. v. Distinction Properties Dev’l and Construction Inc., G.R. No.194024, April 25, 2012b. Answer (Negative defenses, Affirmative defenses, negative pregnant)o Republic v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 152154, July 15, 2003o The Provincial Government of Surigao Del Sur , G.R. No. 220211, June 5, 2017c. Counterclaims (Compulsory counterclaim, permissive counterclaim, Effect on thecounterclaim when complaint is dismissed, effect if compulsory counterclaim is notansweredo Manuel C. Bungcayao, Sr., etc. v. Fort Ilocandia Property Holdings and Dev’lCorp., G.R. No. 170483, April 19, 2010d. Cross-claimse. Third (fourth, etc.) party complaintso Philtranco Service Enterprises, Inc. v. Felix Paras and Inland Trailways, Inc., etal., G.R. No. 161909, April 25, 2012f. Complaint in interventiong. Reply2. Pleadings allowed and not allowed in small claim cases and cases covered by the Ruleson Summary Procedure3. Parts of a pleadinga. Captionb. Signature and addressc. Verificationo Felix Martos, et al. v. New San Jose Builders, Inc., G.R. No. 192650, October 24,2012o Georgia T. Estel v. Recaredo P. Diego, Sr., et al., G.R. No. 174082, January 16,2012d. Certification against forum shoppingo Atty. Emmanuel Agustin, et al. v. Alejandro Cruz-Herrera, G.R. No. 174564,February 12, 2014o Pascual and Santos, Inc. v. The Members of the Tramo Wakas NeighborhoodAssociation, Inc., G.R. No. 144880, November 17, 2004o Elsa D. Medado v. Heirs of the Late Antonio Consing, G.R. No. 186720, February8, 2012o Vivian T. Ramirez, et al. v. Mar Fishing Co., Inc., et al., G.R. No. 168208, June 13,2012o Malayan Insurance Co., Inc., Yvonne S. Yuchengco, Atty. Emmanuel G.Villanueva,Sonny Rubin, Engr. Francisco Mondelo, and Michael RequijoPetitioners. vs. Emma Concepcion L. Lin, Respondent, G.R. No. 207277, January16, 20177

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAWe. Effect of signature of counsel in a pleadingf. Effect of signing by a person not authorized to signo Atty. Fe Q. Palmiano-Salvador v. Constantino Angeles, etc., G.R. No. 171219,September 3, 20124. Allegations in a pleadinga. Manner of making allegationso Ceroferr Realty Corp v. CA, 376 SCRA 144o Asian Construction & Development Corp. v. Lourdes K. Mendoza, G.R. No.176949, June 27, 2012o Spouses Fernando & Ma. Elena Santos v. Lolita Alcazar, etc. G.R. No. 183034,March 12, 20141. Ultimate factso Tantuico, Jr. v. Republic, G.R. No. 89114, December 2, 1991o D.M. Ferrer & Associates Corp. v. UST, G.R. No. 189496, February 1, 20122. Alternative causes of actiono La Mallorca v. CA, 17 SCRA 7293. Condition precedent4. Fraud, mistake, malice, intent, knowledge and other condition of the mind,judgments, official documents or acts5. Pleading an actionable documento Ledda v. BPI, G.R. No. 200868, November 21, 2012o Asian Construction & Development Corp. v. Lourdes Mendoza, G.R.No. 176949,June 27, 20126. Specific denials (effect of failure to make specific denial, when a specific denialrequires an oath)5. Effect of failure to pleada. Failure to plead defenses and objectionso Boston Equity Resources, Inc. v. CA, et al., G.R. No. 173946, June 19, 2013b. Failure to plead a compulsory counterclaim and cross-claimo Financial Building Corp. v. Forbes Park Association, G.R. No. 133119, August 17,20006. Defaulta. When declaration of default is propero Natividad Lim v. National Power Corporation, et al., G.R. No. 178789, November14, 2012b. Effect of an order of default, effect of partial defaulto Magdiwang Realty Corporation, et al. v. The Manila Banking Corporation, etc.,G.R. No. 195592, September 5, 2012c. Relief from an order of default, extent of reliefo Sps. Manuel v. Ong, G.R. No. 205249, October 5, 2014o Philippine Tourism Authority v. Philippine Golf Development & Equipment, Inc.G.R. No. 176628, March 19, 2012o Leticia Diona, etc. v. Romeo A. Balangue, et al., G.R. No. 173559, January 7, 2013d. Actions where default is not allowede. Effect of appeal by defaulted defendanto Arquero v. CA, G.R. No. 168053, September 21, 20117. Filing and service of pleadingsG. Filing versus service of pleadingsH. Periods of filing pleadings8

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAWI.Manner of filingo Benguet Electric Cooperative, Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 89070, May 18, 1992J. Modes of service of pleadingso Salvador O. Mojar, et al. v. Agro Commercial Security Service Agency, Inc., et al.,G.R. No. 187188, June 27, 2012o Mercedes S. Gatmaytan, vs. Francisco Dolor (Substituted by his Heirs) andHermogena Dolor, G.R. No. 198120, February 20, 20178. Amendmenta. Amendment as a matter of righto Lisam Enterprises, Inc. etc. v. BDO, et al., G.R. No. 14264, April 23, 2012b. Amendment by leave of courtc. Formal amendmentd. Substantive amendmente. Amendment s to conform to or authorize presentation of evidencef. Supplemental pleadings, distinction between amended and supplemental pleadingso Ma. Mercedes Barba v. Liceo de Cagayan University, G.R. N

DEAN’S CIRCLE 2019 – UST FACULTY OF CIVIL LAW 1 UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS FACULTY OF CIVIL LAW LIST OF CASES Civil Procedure I. General Principles A. Concept of Remedial or Procedural Law 1. Alfonso Singson Cortal

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