National Heavy VehicleInspection ManualVersion 2.1
AcknowledgementsThe National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) would like to thank the following organisations for contributing to the review andupdating of Version 2.0 of the National Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual. Access Canberra, ACT Australian New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency (ANZPAA) Australian Road Transport Suppliers Association (ARTSA) Australian Trucking Association (ATA) Bus Industry Confederation (BIC) Commercial Vehicle Industry Association of Australia (CVIAA) Department of Infrastructure, Energy and Resources, TAS Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure, SA Department of Transport, NT Department of Transport and Main Roads, QLD Heavy Vehicle Industry Australia (HVIA) National Road Transport Association (NatRoad) Roads and Maritime Services, NSW Truck Industry Council (TIC) VicRoads, VIC Victorian Automobile Chamber of Commerce (VACC)The NHVR would also like to thank the following businesses for providing some of the diagrams and images displayed in this manual. Brisbane RVs Brown and Hurley Group Jost Australia Kangaroo Bus LinesCopyright National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (2016)Version 2.1 February auThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Australia Licence. To attributethis material, cite National Heavy Vehicle Regulator, National Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual.Please note: While every attempt has been made to ensure the accuracy of the content of the NationalHeavy Vehicle Inspection Manual, it should not be relied upon as legal advice.
ContentsIntroductionSection 8 Lights and ReflectorsHeavy Vehicle Inspection ChecklistAdditional Information – Headlight Testing ScreensHeavy Trailer Inspection ChecklistSection 9 MirrorsSection 1 Vehicle IdentificationSection 10 Windscreens and WindowsSection 2 BrakesSection 3 CouplingsAdditional Information – Replacing or Repairing WindscreensSection 11 Engine, Driveline and ExhaustAdditional Information – Safety ChainsSection 12 LPG and NG VehiclesSection 4 Steering and SuspensionSection 13 BusesAdditional Information – Shock AbsorberLeakage and MistingSection 14 TrailersSection 5 Wheels, Tyres and HubsAdditional Information – Mudguard andMudflap RequirementsAdditional Information – Retreaded TyresSection 6 Structure and Body ConditionAdditional Information – Mudguard andMudflap RequirementsAdditional Information – Rust and CorrosionSection 7 Seats and SeatbeltsAdditional Information – ADR OccupantRestraint RequirementsAdditional Information – Safety ChainsAdditional Information – Rust and CorrosionSection 15 Motorhomes, Caravans and CampervansSection 16 Vehicle DimensionsAppendix A – Vehicle Category Codes and ADRApplicability TablesAppendix B – Vehicle ModificationsNational Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual
IntroductionThe National Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual (NHVIM)has been revised by the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator(NHVR) as part of its task to develop and introduce a singlenational approach to ensuring heavy vehicle roadworthiness.The NHVIM applies to all vehicles that have a gross vehiclemass (GVM) or aggregate trailer mass (ATM) greater than4.5 tonnes.The aim of the NHVIM is to provide consistent criteria forwhen a vehicle should fail a heavy vehicle inspection. TheNHVIM details practical information about wear, damage orchange to important systems regarding vehicle in-serviceinspections for owners, operators and administrators in eachstate and territory.For a vehicle to be considered roadworthy it must complywith the Heavy Vehicle (Vehicle Standards) NationalRegulation (known as Vehicle Standards), and the relevantAustralian Design Rules (ADRs). These contain mandatoryrequirements for the safe design, construction andmaintenance of vehicles and for the control of emissions andnoise. Relevant legislation as applicable in each jurisdictionshould also be checked for requirements (e.g. specificregulations for passenger transport vehicles).When using the NHVIM, the following principles arerelevant: Equipment required by the Vehicle Standards or ADRs tobe part of a vehicle must be present and work properly Equipment which is essential for compulsory componentsto function, the safe operation of a vehicle, or the controlof its emissions, must be kept in good conditionNational Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual Equipment that is not required by the VehicleStandards and has no direct effect on the vehicle’ssafe operation or the control of its emissions doesnot have to function, as long as it does not interferewith compulsory equipment that is required Manufacturers’ recommendations relevant tothe safety of particular vehicle parts or to thecontrol of emissions must be considered Test methods or other conditions have notbeen specified except where they are necessaryto determine whether criteria are met Examiners will utilise their trade qualifications andexperience in vehicle repairs and maintenanceand refer to any relevant information regardingvehicle manufacturer’s specifications to ensurethat the vehicle meets the requirementsof the Vehicle Standards or ADRs.Some inspection processes and standards apply only tocertain heavy vehicles. Similarly, a heavy vehicle may havebeen exempted from a Vehicle Standard, dimension or ADR1.Relevant ADRs are noted at the beginning of each sectionof the NHVIM. Some of the ADRs may have been repealedor updated since publication of the NHVIM, however,depending on the age of the vehicle being inspected,the ADR or aspects of the ADR may still be applicable. Allrelevant documents should be consulted for a complete listof the requirements.An ADR, Heavy Vehicle (Vehicle Standards) National Regulation or HeavyVehicle (Mass, Dimension and Loading) National Regulation developedafter publication of the NHVIM may allow a variation or exemption.1
PurposeThe purpose of the NHVIM is to provide authorised officers(including transport inspectors and police) and approvedvehicle examiners (AVEs) with a nationally consistent setof failure criteria to be applied when conducting a heavyvehicle inspection.ScopeThe NHVIM will provide guidance to Authorised Officersand AVEs on the national failure criteria for heavy vehicleroadworthiness.The NHVIM is intended to apply to in-service heavy vehicles.Where heavy vehicles have been modified, AuthorisedOfficers and AVEs will need to assess the vehicle againstwhatever approvals have been issued for the heavy vehiclein question. These may be in the form of an engineer’sreport, a Vehicle Standards exemption, a second stagemanufacturer identification plate or a modification plateor label which signifies that the modifications have beencarried out to an accepted standard.The NHVIM will be supplemented by administrativeprocesses and procedures.The NHVIM at present does not cater for some vehicleconsiderations such as smart braking. The NHVR hasincluded these types of considerations into a forward workprogram for consideration in future revisions to the NHVIM.For the present, authorised officers and AVEs willbe requested to refer to the original manufacturerspecifications in the absence of failure criteria.It is important to note that the Vehicle Standards, includingthe ADRs and the original heavy vehicle manufacturer’sspecifications take precedence over the requirements of theNHVIM.ObjectivesThe use of the same failure criteria in all jurisdictions forheavy vehicle inspections will ensure a more consistentapproach to the management and detection of vehicleswhich are unsafe.As a general rule the application of consistent failure criteriawill prevent duplication of effort within and betweenjurisdictions and through mutual recognition lead to a moreefficient transfer of heavy vehicles between states andterritories.ConsultationThe failure criteria set out in the NHVIM reflect currentconsultation with road user groups, road transportauthorities, police agencies, manufacturers and suppliers.The NHVR seeks to continually update and improve theNHVIM. Contributions and feedback may be made bysending an email to firstname.lastname@example.orgV2.1 February 2016Please note: While every attempt has been made to ensure the accuracy ofthe content of this manual, it should not be relied upon as legal advice. National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (2016)
Heavy Vehicle Inspection ChecklistThis checklist has been provided as a guide to the types of information that may need to be collected, or components that needto be inspected, during a vehicle inspection. This checklist is not a reason for rejection.Vehicle IdentificationRegistration NumberVIN/Chassis NumberCompliance PlateSeating CapacityMake/ModelBody TypeMain Body ColourEngine NumberCylindersOdometer Reading (where fitted)BrakesBrake ComponentsAir/Vacuum System (including trailer breakawayprotection)Service BrakePark BrakeCouplingsFifth Wheel/BallracePin Couplings/Pintle HooksTowbarTowing AttachmentsSafety Chains/Cable AttachmentsSteering and SuspensionSteering WheelFree PlayArms/Linkages/ComponentsSteering Box/PumpShock AbsorbersAir Bag/Spring/CoilWheels, Tyres and HubsWheels/RimsWheel Nuts/FastenersTyresHubsWheel BearingsStructure and Body ConditionBody Panels/FittingsBody and MountingMudguardsMudflapsRear Marker Plates (as per VSB12)Cabin/Body ConditionNumber PlatesFront Underrun ProtectionElectrical EquipmentHornChassisNational Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual
Heavy Vehicle Inspection Checklist (cont.)Seats and SeatbeltsSeatsSeatbeltsChild Restraint AnchoragesLights and ReflectorsHeadlights (high/low beam)Fog LightsFront Position LightDaytime Running LightsDirection Indicator LightsClearance/End Outline Marker Lights (front/rear)Reflectors (front/side/rear)Brake LightsTail LightsReversing LightsNumber Plate LightSide Marker LightsMirrorsRear View Mirror(s)Windscreen and e, Driveline and ExhaustExhaust SystemNoise r SteeringFuel TankOil LeaksLPG and NG VehiclesLPG/NG Compliance PlateLPG/NG Number Plate LabelsContainerBusesFire ExtinguisherSchool Bus Warning System (if required)Entrances/ExitsEmergency Exits/SignsDoors/StepsGuard RailsMotorhomes, Caravans and CampervansFire ExtinguisherSleeping BerthsCooking ationElectrical/Gas CertificationNational Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual
Heavy Trailer Inspection ChecklistThis checklist has been provided as a guide to the types of information that may need to be collected, or components that needto be inspected, during a vehicle inspection. This checklist is not a reason for rejection.Vehicle IdentificationRegistration NumberVIN/Chassis NumberCompliance PlateATMMake/ModelBody TypeMain Body ColourBrakesBrake ComponentsBreakaway ProtectionService BrakePark BrakeBrake ConnectionsCouplingsDrawbarTowing AttachmentsSkid PlatesKingpinSafety ChainsSteering and SuspensionAxlesSprings/Air BagsHangersPinsBushesShock AbsorbersWheels, Tyres and HubsWheels/RimsWheel Nuts/FastenersTyresHubsWheel BearingsStructure and Body ConditionMudguardsMudflapsChassis/Sub-frameNumber PlateRear Marker Plates (as per VSB12)Tray/Body Condition (if applicable)Lights and ReflectorsBrake LightsDirection Indicator LightsTail LightsReversing Lights (optional)Reflectors (front/side/rear)Front Position LightNumber Plate LightClearance/End Outline Marker Lights (front/rear)Side Marker LightsV2.1 February 2016National Heavy Vehicle Inspection ManualPlease note: While every attempt has been made to ensure the accuracy ofthe content of this manual, it should not be relied upon as legal advice. National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (2016)
Section 1VehicleIdentificationObjective:To ensure that the vehicle being inspected is authentic and correctly identified.Australian Design Rules that are relevant to this section:ADR 61Vehicle markingNote: Where a vehicle fails theidentity inspection in this section, theTiered Identity Inspection Regime ofthe jurisdiction should be applied orthe matter referred to the police.1.1 Check the identity of the vehicleReasons for rejectionc) VIN/chassis number has been altered or tampered witha) No VIN/chassis number presentd) Engine number has been altered or tampered with Note: A chassis number is the identifyingnumber of a vehicle that was built prior to 1 July1989. The number can be any combination ofletters or numbers and can be any length. A VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) is the uniqueidentifying number of a vehicle that was built from 1 July1989. The number can be any combination of letters andnumbers (excluding the letters i, o and q) and must be17 digits in length.b) VIN on identification (compliance) plate differsfrom that stamped into body or chassisNote: Second edition ADR vehicles may have a chassisnumber stamped into the chassis that is different to thechassis number on the vehicle plate. Provided that one ofthe chassis numbers stamped into the chassis matchesthe vehicle plate, this is not a reason for rejection.National Heavy Vehicle Regulator 1300 MYNHVR (1300 696 487) 7am to 5pm (AEST)Email email@example.com Web www.nhvr.gov.aue) No engine number presentf) A motor vehicle manufactured from 1 August 1972 thatis not fitted with an Australian identification (compliance)plate and has not been previously registered in Australiag) A trailer manufactured from 1 August 1984 that is notfitted with an Australian identification (compliance) plateand has not been previously registered in Australia Note: Where a motor vehicle or trailer mentioned in (f)or (g) is not fitted with an identification plate, but proofof previous registration in Australia is provided, this isnot a reason for rejection.h) For a vehicle that is used in a road train or B-doublecombination, the vehicle plate does not includethe words “ROAD TRAIN” and/or “B-DOUBLE”;and for a trailer designed for use in a roadtrain, the words “ROAD TRAIN TRAILER”National Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual Vehicle Identification11 of 2
i) For a vehicle that has been modified for use in aroad train or B-double combination, the vehicle isnot fitted with a modification plate certifying it tocode S8 (Road Train Prime Mover), S9 (B-doublePrime Mover) or S11 (Road Train Trailer) of VSB6.V2.1 February 20162 of 21Vehicle Identification National Heavy Vehicle Inspection ManualPlease note: While every attempt has been made to ensure the accuracy ofthe content of this manual, it should not be relied upon as legal advice. National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (2016)
Section 2BrakesObjective:To ensure that the brakes operate effectively and are correctly adjusted.Australian Design Rules that are relevant to this section:ADR 35Commercial vehicle brake systemsADR 38Trailer brake systemsADR 42General safety requirementsADR 64Heavy goods vehicles designed for use in road trains and B-doubles2.1Check brake componentsReasons for rejectiona) Brake pedals do not have an anti-slip surface acrossthe complete surfaceb) Brake pedals or handles are broken, missing or areoutside the scope of manufacturer’s original designc) Brake control mountings, pivots, cables or links arekinked, missing, loose, broken, excessively wornor bindingd) Vehicle is not equipped with an effective mechanicalpark brakee) The locking device on a park brake handle or leveris missing or not operationalNational Heavy Vehicle Regulator 1300 MYNHVR (1300 696 487) 7am to 5pm (AEST)Email firstname.lastname@example.org Web www.nhvr.gov.auf) Park brake control is not designed to minimise risk ofinadvertent release (e.g. requiring two separate ordistinct movements)g) Abrasions or cuts on brake hoses penetrate further thanthe outer protective coveringh) Brake pipes, hoses and connections are not securelymounted, or are cracked, broken, kinked, crimped,damaged by heat, or have visible signs of leakage,swelling or bulgingi) Air reservoirs in the vehicle’s braking system do not havean automatic or manual condensate drain valve at thelowest point of each air brake reservoirj) Brake drums or discs are not fitted or have missingpieces, or cracks other than short heat cracks insidethe drums or in the discNational Heavy Vehicle Inspection Manual Brakes21 of 8
k) Brake pad or shoe material does not come in full contactwith brake disc or drum friction surface, excludingany crowning Note: Brake pad or shoe material should not protrudefrom the drum by more than 3mm.l) Drums or discs are worn beyond manufacturer’sspecificationsFigure 2.1 Drum and disc brake componentsBrake shoeShoe retainerspringReturn springm) Any caliper, wheel cylinder or master cylinder leaksn) Friction material of the linings or pads are contaminatedwith oil, grease, brake fluid or another substance thatwill reduce the friction coefficient of the friction materialo) The thickness of the linings or pads is less than themanufacturer’s recommended minimum. If this isnot known or is no longer appropriate, the thicknessof the linings or pads is less than the following:BackingplateCam rollersAnchor pinsBrake shoe the rivet or bolt head on riveted or bolted linings or within 3mm of the friction material mountingsurface on bonded pads or linings.ChamberPadsp) Brake chambers (including chamber clamps) or camshaftsupport brackets are loose, bent, cracked or missingq) Brake linings or pads are missing, broken or looseon their shoes or plates(r) Brake components such as springs, anchor pins,cam rollers or bushes, pull or push rods, clevispins, retainers or brake chamber mounting boltsare missing, loose, damaged or broken ote: It is acceptable to have small cracks, blemishes orNblisters that do not affect the way the friction materialsare attached or its contact with friction surfaces.s) In the case of hydraulic, or air-over-hydraulic brakes,the reservoirs, master cylinders or servo units areloose, cracked, broken, or excessively worn or aredamaged so that leaks are likelyt) Vehicles equipped with Antilock Braking Systems (ABS)where the antilock system warning light is inoperativeor indicates a system fault or is missing Note: Some servo units have a stroke indicator toindicate excessive stroke. This may need to be observedwhen the brakes are applied - see Section 2.2u) In the case of hydraulic, or air-over-hydraulic brakes,the fluid level in a master cylinder reservoir is belowthe minimum level.2 of 82Brakes National Heavy Vehicle Inspection ManualCaliperHubDisc
2.2Check brake adjustment2.5Check braking system operationReasons for rejectionReasons for rejectiona) With any brake fully applied, a brake adjustment indicatorruns out of travel or indicates that adjustment is necessarya) Any brake failure indicators do not operateb) Brake chamber push or pull rods move more than 80% oftheir maximum stroke when the brakes are fully appliedc) With any brake fully applied, any stroke indicator displaysevidence of excessive stroke (known as over-stroking)Figure 2.2 Example of excessive stroke/over-strokingNote: Not all push and pull rods will have a stroke indicator.Brakes oﬀBrakes onOver-strokedb) Any brake air or vacuum storage system is notfitted with a visual or audible warning device towarn the driver, whilst seated in the normal drivingposition, of a lack of air pressure or vacuumc) Any compulsory pressure, vacuum or low levelwarning devices or gauges do not operated) The brake controls do not cause the correspondingbrake to apply when they are operated(with the engine running if necessary).2.6Check vacuum assisted brakesystem integrityReasons for rejectionBACIndicatora) With vacuum depleted from the system and withmoderate steady force applied, the brake pedal doesnot travel towards the floor when the engine is startedd) The park brake and/or emergency brake is not capableof being fully applied without the control runningout of available travelb) With the engine stopped, one application of theservice brake with a moderate pedal force resul
and refer to any relevant information regarding vehicle manufacturer’s specifications to ensure that the vehicle meets the requirements of the Vehicle Standards or ADRs. Some inspection processes and standards apply only to certain heavy vehicles. Similarly, a heavy vehicle may have been exempted fro
The Heavy Vehicle Drivers' Handbook will help you understand the additional rules and regulations that apply to you and your heavy vehicle. It is a useful guide outlining rules and regulations, skills and correct attitude required by heavy vehicle drivers. This publication must be read in conjunction with the Road Users’ Handbook and Load
SECTION 11: VEHICLE INSPECTION TEST 198 11.1 All Vehicles 198 11.2 External Inspection (All Vehicles) 201 11.3 School Bus Only 205 11.4 Trailer 206 11.5 Coach/Transit Bus 207 11.6 Taking the CDL Vehicle Inspection Test 208 CDL Vehicle Inspection Memory Aid 209 SECTION 12: BASIC VEHICLE CONTROL SKILLS TEST 211 12.1 Scoring 211 12.2 Exercises 212
transporting students. The pre-trip inspection consists of two parts: a stationary inspection and an operating inspection. The stationary inspection consists of an interior and exterior inspection. The exterior inspection is also known as the “daily walk-around.” The operating inspection is performed while the bus is being driven.
Preliminary Inspection Responsibilities 1. Read and understand the job specification 2. Attend the pre-job conference 3. Become aware of safety hazards and responsibilities 4. Prepare inspection forms and inspection plan 5. Inspection of jobsite conditions 6. Inspection of materials 7. Inspection of equipment 8. Monitor ambient conditions
inspection? We will consider a full home inspection or 4-pt Inspection as an exception to the UPC home self-inspection. The inspection must be no older than 12 months in age and contain pictures and inspection notes outlining the condition of the home (the roof, air/hea
Jun 27, 2019 · 2021 SUTTON AVE CINCINNATI OH 45230 County HAMILTON Building Approval Date 03/09/1988 Use Group/Code E Occupancy Limit 49 Maximum Under 2 ½ Fire Inspection Approval Date Food Service Risk Level Inspection Information Inspection Type Quality Monitoring Inspection Scope Partial Inspection Notice Unannounced Inspection Date End Time 06/27/2019
INSPECTION INFORMATION 1.1 SUBJECT PROPERTY Commercial building xxxxxx Glendale, California 1.2 INSPECTION DATE Thursday February 25, 2016 1.3 INSPECTION TIME 2:30 p.m. . This inspection and report has been performed in accordance with the California Real Estate Inspection Association (CREIA) Standards of Practice which is incorporated herein .
A. Explain the historical context of the Cold War after 1945. B. Explain the causes and effects of the ideological struggle of the Cold War. C. Compare the ways in which the United States and the Soviet Union sought to maintain influence over the course of the Cold War. D. Explain the causes and consequences of China’s adoption of communism.