SYMPOSIUM IN HOMAGE TO EDUARDO MATOS MOCTEZUMA

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THE FOUNDATION OF HEAVEN:THE GREAT TEMPLE OF THE AZTECSSYMPOSIUM IN HOMAGE TO EDUARDO MATOS MOCTEZUMAAPRIL 21 & 22, 2017CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LOS ANGELESLOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ARTPROGRAM

The Foundation of Heaven: The Great Templeof the AztecsA Symposium in Homage toDr. Eduardo Matos MoctezumaApril 21 - 22, 2017Presented by The Art History Society ofCalifornia State University, Los Angeles andLos Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)1 Pa g e

Eduardo Matos Moctezuma was born in 1940 in Mexico City;he graduated as an archaeologist from the Escuela Nacionalde Antropología e Historia (ENAH, the National School ofAnthropology and History) and obtained his Master and Ph.D.degrees in Anthropological Studies from the UniversidadNacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). Matos Moctezumahas conducted field work in such revered places as Tula,Comalcalco, Cholula, Teotihuacan, Tlatelolco, Tenochtitlanand various others. He served as a professor in ENAH for over30 years. He has over 500 works in print as articles, reviews,catalogues, guides, books. Among his most acclaimed worksare Muerte a Filo de Obsidiana with 8 editions, Vida y Muerteen el Templo Mayor (Life and Death in the Templo Mayor), LosAztecas (Aztecs), Las piedras negadas: De la Coatlicue alTemplo Mayor (Lecturas mexicanas) to name, but a few. MatosMoctezuma has presented in over 1,000 conferences bothnationally and internationally. He has been bestowed with theChevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques, Chevalierde l’Ordre National du Mérite and given the Ordre des Artset des Lettres by the Republic of France; awarded the HenryB. Nicholson Medal by Harvard University and an honorarydoctorate in science by the University of Colorado Boulder. Heis a member of the German Archaeological Institute, ColegioNacional (Academy of Sciences of Mexico), and the MexicanAcademy of History. He is an Emeritus Researcher at InstitutoNacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), and was awardedthe National Science and Arts Prize in 2007. In 2009 he wasrecognized by the foundation “Mexico Unido en Sus ValoresCulturales.” In this 2017 symposium, he will be bestowed theTlamatini Award by Cal State LA.Presentation: La Vida de un Arqueologo en TresMomentos (with English Translation)2 Pa g e

THE FOUNDATION OF HEAVEN: THE GREAT TEMPLE OF TENOCHTITLANSymposium in Homage to Eduardo Matos MoctezumaApril 21 and 22, 2017Organized by California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA) and Los Angeles CountyMuseum of Art (LACMA)For full information please go ULE: Friday, April 21, 2017 ---- Bing Theater at LACMAStartFinishEvent9:00 am5:00 pmSymposium Registration and InformationLocation10:30 am10:45 amBing TheaterIntroductory Remarks by Dr. Diana Magaloni (LACMA),Dr. Manuel Aguilar-Moreno (CSULA) and Ms. April Ramos (AHS)10:45 am11:00 amWelcome by Mr. Michael Govan, LACMA DirectorBing Theater11:00 am11:30 amEDUARDO MATOS MOCTEZUMA AND THE REINVENTION OFMEXICAN ARCHAEOLOGYBing TheaterBing TheaterDr. John Pohl (California State University, Los Angeles)11:30 am12 noonPRECIOUS FEATHERS FOR THE AZTEC EMPEROR. FEATHEREDACCOUNTREMENTS FROM MOCTEZUMA’S TREASUREDr. Laura Filloy Nadal (National Museum of Anthropology,Mexico)Bing Theater12 noon12:30 pmON THE ORIGIN OF MEXICA ARCHAEOLOGY: ANTONIO DELEÓN Y GAMA AND HIS LOST DRAWINGS OF SCULPTURESFROM TENOCHTITLAN (1791-1794)Dr. Leonardo López Luján (Director Proyecto Templo Mayor(INAH), Mexico) and Dr. Marie-France Fauvet-Berthelot(Société des Américanistes)Bing Theater12:30 pm1:00 pmSUN, WAR AND AFTERLIFE: GOLD IN POSTCLASSICMESOAMERICADr. Elizabeth Baquedano (University College of London,England)1:00 pm2:00 pmLUNCH2:00 pm2:30 pmTHE TLAMATINI OF TENOCHTITLANDr. Elizabeth Boone (Tulane University)Bing Theater2:30 pm3:00 pmEL HUEI TZOMPANTLI OF THE SACRED PRECINCT OFTENOCHTITLANProf. Raúl Barrera (Proyecto Templo Mayor (INAH), Mexico)Bing Theater3:00 pm3:30 pmMYTHS, TRANSFORMATION, DEATH AND RESURRECTION INTHE ANCIENT WORLD: AGRICULTURAL RITUALS INMESOAMERICA AND GREECEDr. Teresa Uriarte [National University of Mexico (UNAM)]Bing Theater3 Pa g eBing Theater

3:30 pm3:45 pmBREAK3:45 pm4:15 pmAZTEC RITUAL ECONOMY: A VIEW FROM TENOCHTITLAN'STEMPLO MAYOR4.15 pm4.30 pmEDUARDO MATOS MOCTEZUMA: A MAN OF HIS TIMEDr. Leonardo López Luján (Director Proyecto Templo Mayor(INAH), Mexico)Bing Theater4:30 pm5:00 pmLA VIDA DE UN ARQUEOLOGO EN TRES TIEMPOS (with EnglishTranslation)Bing TheaterBing TheaterDr. Frances Berdan (California State University, San Bernardino)Dr. Eduardo Matos Moctezuma (Founder Proyecto TemploMayor (INAH), Mexico)5:00 pm5:15 pmClosing Remarks by Dr. Diana Magaloni (LACMA) andDr. Manuel Aguilar-Moreno (CSULA)Bing Theater5:15 pm5:45 pmAutographs and Photo OpportunitiesBing Theater6:00pm8:00 pmWe recommend the Public to visit these exhibits in LACMA:Picasso and Rivera: Conversations Across TimeDecember 4, 2016–May 7, 2017Revealing Creation: The Science and Art of Ancient MayaCeramicsMay 21, 2016–June 2017SCHEDULE: Saturday, April 22, 2017 --- Golden Eagle Ballroom at CSULAStartFinishEventLocation8:30 am10:00 am3:00 pm10:15 amSymposium RegistrationIntroductory Remarks by Dr. Manuel Aguilar-Moreno (CSULA),Dr. Diana Magaloni (LACMA) and Ms. April Ramos (AHS)Golden Eagle Ballroom10:15 am10:30 amWelcome by Dr. Octavio Villalpando, Vice Provost (CSULA)Golden Eagle Ballroom10:30 am11:00 amTHE OFFERING OF LIFE: HUMAN AND ANIMAL SACRIFICE ATTHE MAIN PLAZA OF THE SACRED PRECINCT, TENOCHTITLANGolden Eagle Ballroom11:00 am11:30 am11:30 am11:45 amBREAK11:45 am12:15 pmTHE CODEX MENDOZA AND THE RUBBER BALLS OF TOCHTEPECDr. Ximena Chávez [Proyecto Templo Mayor (INAH), Mexico]THE WEAPON OF HUITZILOPOCHTLI: THE SYMBOLISM OF THEXIUHCOATL IN ANCIENT MEXICOGolden Eagle BallroomDr. Karl Taube (University of California, Riverside)Golden Eagle BallroomDr. Manuel Aguilar-Moreno (California State University, LosAngeles)12.15 pm12:45 pmTHE FLAYING OF TREES AND THE DESTINY OF HUMANS: THEMEANINGS OF PAPER IN THE AZTEC WORLDDr. Barbara Mundy (Fordham University)12:452:00 pmLUNCHGolden Eagle Ballroom4 Pa g e

StartFinishEvent2:00 pm2:30 pmCONSIDERATIONS OF STYLE AND MEANING IN THEREPRESENTATIONS OF THE ALTEPETLDr. Diana Magaloni (Director of the Program for the Art of theAncient Americas and Deputy Director, LACMA)Golden Eagle BallroomLocation2:30 pm3:00 pmMENTIRAS Y VERDADES. SOBRE LA VERDAD DEL MITO (WithEnglish Translation)Dr. Alfredo López Austin [National University of Mexico (UNAM)]Golden Eagle Ballroom3:00 pm3:15 pmBREAK3:15 pm4:00 pmBREAKING THROUGH MEXICO'S PAST: DIGGING THE AZTECSWITH EDUARDO MATOS MOCTEZUMADr. David Carrasco (Harvard University)Golden Eagle Ballroom4:00 pm4:30 pmTLAMATINI AWARD PRESENTATION to Dr. Eduardo MatosMoctezuma(Bestowed by Dr. Rennie Schoepflin, Dean of Arts and Lettersand with the presence of Ambassador Carlos García de Alba,Consul General of Mexico)Golden Eagle Ballroom4:30 pm5:00 pmAutographs and Photo OpportunitiesGolden Eagle Ballroom5:00 pm7:30 pmCSULA LibraryOpening of the Book Exhibition: TRANSCULTURAL DIALOGUES:THE BOOKS OF MESOAMERICA. From the Ruwet, Glass andNicholson Collections of Cal State LA. Words by Carlos Rodriguez,Azalea Camacho, Dr. Susan Schroeder and Dr. Manuel AguilarMoreno. Accompanied by a RECEPTION.Symposium presented by the Department of Art and the Art History Society of Cal State LA, and LosAngeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) with generous contributions of the Consulate General ofMexico, Associate Students Incorporated, The College of Arts and Letters, the Provost Office, theAmerican Communities Program of California State University, Los Angeles, and private donors.5 Pa g e

Featured SpeakersDr. John M.D Pohl is an eminentauthority on North American Indiancivilizations and has directed numerousarchaeologicalexcavationsandsurveys in Canada, the United States,Mexico, and Central America, as wellas Europe. He has designed manyexhibitions on North and CentralAmerican Indian peoples, including“The Aztec Pantheon and the Art of Empire” at the GettyVilla in 2010, and co-curated the exhibit “The Children ofthe Plumed Serpent: The Legacy of Quetzalcoatl in AncientMexico” at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Dr. Pohlis noted for bringing the ancient past to life using a widevariety of innovative techniques and his experiences havetaken him from the Walt Disney Imagineering Departmentof Cultural Affairs to CBS television where he served aswriter and producer for the American Indian DocumentarySeries “500 Nations,” and Princeton University where hewas appointed as the first Peter Jay Sharp Curator andLecturer in the Art of the Ancient Americas. Among hisvarious titles:* Children of the Plumed Serpent: The Legacy ofQuetzalcoatl in Ancient Mexico. J. Paul Getty Museum,2012. Co-authors: Virginia Fields and Victoria I. Lyall.* The Aztec Pantheon and the Art of Empire. Scala ArtsPublishers Inc., 2010. Co-author: Claire L. Lyons.* Lord Eight Wind of Suchixtlan and the Heroes of AncientOaxaca: Reading History in the Codex Zouche-Nuttall.University of Texas Press, 2010. Co-authors: Robert LloydWilliams & F. Kent Reilly III.* Narrative Mixtec Ceramics of Ancient Mexico. StinehourPress, 2007.* The Legend of Lord Eight Deer: An Epic of Ancient Mexico.Oxford University Press, USA, 2002.* Exploring Mesoamerica (Places in Time). Oxford UniversityPress, USA, 2002.Presentation: Eduardo Matos Moctezuma and theReinvention of Mexican Archaeology6 Pa g e

Abstract: Beginning in the early 1970’s, many Mexicanand American archaeologists were trained in the“New Archaeology” which in turn was an outgrowth ofdramatic changes in the field of anthropology orientingitself to more Marxist perspectives on culture. This ledto an emphasis on population studies, environmentand subsistence, especially with regard to the originand evolution of the Mesoamerican state. In so doingarchaeologists began to set aside the study of theart of ancient civilizations as being elite, esoteric andpropagandistic while colonial histories were viewed asthe corrupted perspectives of conquest society. Thediscovery of the Coyolxauqui stone on the other handcreated a dilemma in that it forced Eduardo to have toseriously consider how to deal with monumental art andarchitecture in modern archaeological theory and inso doing also re-introduce the study of major historicalworks into analysis as well— all at a time when onlyarchaeology, it was advocated, could produce any real“facts.” I will use several examples from the Templo Mayorproject to illustrate how its investigators were able to getart and historical perspectives back out on the front end ofresearch into civilizational development using a scientificmethod of inductive and deductive reasoning between thefields of archaeology, art history and ethnohistory.Dr. Laura Filloy Nadal has a bachelor’sdegree in restoration by the National Schoolof Conservation, as well as a master’sdegree and a doctorate in archeology fromthe Sorbonne in Paris. Throughout hercareer, she has been a guest researcherat the University of Princeton Universityand the University of Paris, as well asguest professor at the University of Rome.Throughout her career, she has been a guest researcher at theUniversity of Princeton University and the University of Paris,as well as guest professor at the University of Rome. From 1994works in the Conservation Laboratory of the National Museumof Anthropology and serves as professor of Conservation inthe National School of Anthropology and History and in theNational School of Conservation, both of the INAH. Amongthe awards she has received are her appointment as a7 Pa g e

member of the National System of Researchers, in addition tothe “Paul Coremans Prize” for the best conservation work forthe restoration of the mask of Pakal of Palenque; the “PremioMiguel Covarrubias” in museography for the exhibition “MayaFaces: Lineage and power”, and the honorable mention of the“Premio Alfonso Caso” in archaeology for her doctoral thesis,which will be published soon by the Fund of Economic Culture(FCE). In the archeological zone of Teotihuacán, she hascoordinated the work of conservation in the Xalla Project andin the Pyramid of the Moon Project. In the National Museumof Anthropology, she had directed the Project NANOforArt,sponsored by The National Institute of Anthropology andHistory (INAH) and the European Community, to develop andimplement new products of restoration with nanoparticles tointervene mural paintings and archival documents. In TheNational Museum of Anthropology and History, she has alsospearheaded the restoration of emblematic pieces such asThe Wall Panel in the Temple of the Cross in Palenque andThe Statue of the Bat God of Monte Albán, as well as thebronze relief that covers the fountain of the central patio of themuseum, the work of the Chávez Morado brothers.Presentation: Precious Feathers for the Aztec EmperorFeathered Accoutrements from Moctezuma’s TreasureAbstract: Featherwork was one of the most delicate and refinedart forms in pre-Hispanic Mexico. A group of specialists wereresponsible for fashioning multi-colored plumes into all sortsof finery such as shields and headdresses. These beautifulobjects were of enormous importance to the Aztecs, for theyserved to exalt the hierarchy of gods, kings, lords, priests, andwarriors. Sixteen century written manuscripts are an excellentsource for understanding the manufacturing techniques usedby Aztec craftsmen to make luxury items, and, to comprehendhow feathers and feathered objects arrived and circulatedthroughout Moctezuma’s empire. The meticulous study ofthree Aztec feathered accoutrements and a magnificentheaddress has allowed us to understand, not only the materialsused in their manufacture, but also to estimate the number offeathers required to make these objects. This presentation willexamine the resources and techniques employed by featherworkers in the capital of the Mexica empire during the reign ofMoctezuma II.8 Pa g e

Dr. Leonardo López Luján is SeniorResearcher in Archaeology at the Museodel Templo Mayor in Mexico City, andDirector of the Proyecto Templo Mayorsince 1991. He holds a Ph.D. in Archaeologyfrom the Université de Paris Ouest. He hasbeen a visiting researcher at PrincetonUniversity and Dumbarton Oaks, as wellas guest professor at the Università degliStudi di Roma “La Sapienza”, the École Pratique en SciencesSociales and the Sorbonne in Paris. He specializes in thepolitics, religion, and art of Pre-Columbian urban societies inCentral Mexico. In recent years he has also devoted part ofhis time to research on the origins of archaeology in NewSpain. He has authored or co-authored sixteen books,including The Offerings of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan(1994, winner of the Kayden Humanities Award), Mexico’sIndigenous Past (2001, with Alfredo López Austin), Aztèques:la collection de sculptures du musée du quai Branly (2005,with Marie-France Fauvet-Berthelot), La Casa de las Águilas(2006), Escultura monumental mexica (2009, with EduardoMatos Moctezuma), and Monte Sagrado-Templo Mayor (2009,with Alfredo López Austin). Among his fourteen edited or coedited academic volumes and catalogs are Gli Aztechi trapassato e presente (2006, with Alessandro Lupo and LuisaMigliorati), Arqueología e historia del Centro de México (2006,with Davíd Carrasco and Lourdes Cué), and The Art ofUrbanism (2009, with William L. Fash). He has co-curatedseveral exhibitions, such as The Aztec World (2008, withElizabeth Brumfiel and Gary Feinmann) at the Field Museumand Moctezuma: Aztec Ruler (2009, with Eduardo MatosMoctezuma and Colin McEwan) at the British Museum. Hewas awarded the 2000 Prize in Social Sciences by the MexicanAcademy of Sciences. In 2013, he was elected fellow of theSociety of Antiquaries of London and the British Academy.Last year he received the Shanghai Forum ArchaeologyAward as the director of one of the ten best archaeologicalresearch programs in the world in 2013-2015.Presentation 1: On the origin of Mexica archaeology:Antonio de León y Gama and his lost drawings ofsculptures from Tenochtitlan (1791-1794)*9 Pa g e

Abstract: Between 1791 and 1794 many Mexica sculptureswere discovered in Mexico City, which were systematicallydocumented by Don Antonio de León y Gama. Unfortunately,after the death of this novohispanic astronomer andantiquarian in 1802, his drawings were forgotten and werenever published together with the book that tries to unvail theirenigmatic meaning: the so-called Advertencias anti-críticascontained in the second edition of the Descripción histórica ycronológica de las dos piedras (1832). In this presentation Iwill show those images and they will be anaylzed in full detail.*Co-author: Marie-France Fauvet-Berthelot of the Société desAméricanistes de ParisMarie-France Fauvet-Berthelot is a French archaeologistthat was a memeber of the French-Guatemalan archaelogicalmission who did excavations in the highlands of Guatemalabetween 1966 and 2002. She also participated in archaelogicalprojects in Michoacán, Mexico, about regional funerarypractices, between 1983 and 2002. She was in charge of thePre-Columbian collections in the Museum of Man of Paris from1982 to 1987 and in the Museum of Quai Branly from 19992004. She taught classes of Pre-Columbian Archaeology inthe University of Paris-West-La Défense from 1994 to 2007.She has numerous publications in Mesoamerican and Andeantopics.Presentation 2: Eduardo Matos Moctezuma: A Man ofHis TimeAbstract: An appraisal of Eduardo Matos Moctezuma’ lifetimeachievements.Dr. Elizabeth Baquedano obtained herPhD at the Institute of Archaeology,University College London. She is aLecturer at University College London,Institute of Archaeology and at the Spanishand Latin American Department atUniversity College London. She has curatedseveral exhibitions among them: Organiserof the Exhibition “Aztec Treasures from10 Pa g e

Mexico” for the State Visit of the Mexican President Miguelde la Madrid, Museum of Mankind, London. June 1985.“Henry Moore in Mexico”, Exhibition curated for HenryMoore’s centenary. University of East Anglia, SainsburyCentre for Visual Arts, Norwich, 1998. Among her recentpublications:* Aztec Sculpture, 1984, British Museum Publications*Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Aztec Deity (ed.)University Press of Colorado scheduled for publication inMay 2014* Baquedano, E. and Graulich, M. 1993. ‘Decapitationamong the Aztecs: mythology, agriculture and politicsand hunting. Estudios de Cultura Nahuatl, Instituto deInvestigaciones Históricas, Universidad Nacional Autónomade México, vol. 23, pp. 163-173.* Baquedano, E. and James, N.1995. ‘War and Sacrificein Mexica State Sculpture. In La Quệte du cinquieme soleil.Hommages a Jacques Soustelle. Ed. Jacqueline de DurandForest et Georges Baudot. Editions L’Harmattan, Vol. II, pp.163-173* 2005 ‘El oro Azteca y sus conexiones con el poder, lafertilidad agrícola, la guerra y la muerte’, Estudios de CulturaNáhuatl, vol. 36, pp.359-381.* 2011 Concepts of Death and the Afterlife in Central MexicoIn Living with the Dead: Mortuary Ritual in Mesoamerica.Edited by James Fitzsimmons and Izumi Shimada TheUniversity of Texas Press, Tucson, pp. 203-230.Presentation: Sun, War, and Afterlife: Gold inPostclassic MesoamericaAbstract: Most of the extant Postclassic gold objects seemto have a close connection to warfare. Warfare is the agencyand the iconographic motifs of gold jewellery revolve aroundeagle knights, shields, dead warriors or gold objects found infunerary contexts associated to warfare. This paper exploresthe importance of warfare and the function of gold jewelleryin Postclassic Mesoamerica, particularly among the Mexicas.11 Pa g e

Dr. Teresa Uriarte has completedher master’s and doctoral studiesin art history at the Department ofPhilosophy and Letters of the UNAM.She has been director of the Instituteof Aesthetic Research, Coordinatorof

Dr. Alfredo López Austin [National University of Mexico (UNAM)] Golden Eagle Ballroom 3:00 pm 3:15 pm BREAK 3:15 pm 4:00 pm BREAKING THROUGH MEXICO'S PAST: DIGGING THE AZTECS WITH EDUARDO MATOS MOCTEZUMA Dr. David Carrasco (Harvard University) Golden Eagle Ballroom 4:00 pm 4:30 pm 4:30 pm 5:00 pm TLAMATINI AWARD PRESENTATION to Dr. Eduardo Matos Moctezuma (Bestowed by Dr. Rennie Schoepflin .

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