TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2 - EGenerator

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2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.TCO CertifiedAll-in-one Computers 2.07 November 2011TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.01 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.Contents - TCO Certified All-in-one ComputersSUPPORT (ON THIS DOCUMENT AND TCO CERTIFICATION) . 5INTRODUCTION . 6ACRITERIA . 7A.1A.1.1A.2GENERAL INFORMATION . 7TCO CERTIFIED DOCUMENT . 8VISUAL ERGONOMICS . 9A.2.1 IMAGE DETAIL CHARACTERISTICS . 10A.2.1.1Native display resolution requirement . 10A.2.2 LUMINANCE CHARACTERISTICS . 11A.2.2.1Luminance level . 11A.2.2.2Luminance uniformity . 12A.2.2.3Black level . 13A.2.2.4Luminance uniformity - angular-dependence . 14A.2.2.5Greyscale gamma curve . 15A.2.3 LUMINANCE CONTRAST CHARACTERISTICS. 16A.2.3.1Luminance contrast – characters . 16A.2.3.2Luminance contrast – angular dependence . 17A.2.4 REFLECTION CHARACTERISTICS . 18A.2.4.1Front frame gloss . 18A.2.5 SCREEN COLOUR CHARACTERISTICS . 20A.2.5.1Correlated colour temperature, CCT, variation . 20A.2.5.2Colour uniformity . 21A.2.5.3RGB settings . 22A.2.5.4Colour uniformity – angular dependence . 23A.2.5.5Colour greyscale linearity . 24A.3A.3.1A.3.2A.4A.4.1A.4.2A.4.3A.5A.5.1A.6WORK LOAD ERGONOMICS . 25VERTICAL TILT . 26VERTICAL HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT . 27EMISSIONS . 28ALTERNATING ELECTRIC FIELDS . 29ALTERNATING MAGNETIC FIELDS . 30ACOUSTIC NOISE . 31ELECTRICAL SAFETY . 33ELECTRICAL SAFETY . 33ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS . 34A.6.1 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION . 35A.6.2 ORGANISATION . 37A.6.2.1Environmental management system certification . 37A.6.3 CLIMATE . 39A.6.3.1Energy consumption . 39A.6.3.2Energy consumption – external power supply . 40A.6.4 ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES . 41A.6.4.1Cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and hexavalent chromium (CrVI) . 41A.6.4.2Halogenated substances . 43A.6.4.3Non-halogenated substances . 45A.6.4.4Plastics with chlorine and bromine as part of the polymer . 47A.6.4.5 Information regarding plastics, flame retarding agents and plasticizers . 49A.6.5 PRODUCT LIFETIME . 51A.6.5.1Warranty and spare parts . 51A.6.6 PREPARATION FOR RECYCLING. 52TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.02 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.A.6.6.1Material coding of plastics . 52A 6.6.2Variety of plastics . 54A.6.6.3Moulded-in metal parts and metallization of plastic housing . 56A.6.6.4Preparation for recycling - Mercury lamps. 57A.6.6.5Take back system . 58A.6.7 PRODUCT PACKAGING. 60A.6.7.1Hazardous substances in product packaging . 60A.6.7.2Preparation for recycling of product packaging material . 61A.7CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY . 62A.7.1A.7.2CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY. 62SENIOR MANAGEMENT REPRESENTATIVE . 64RREFERENCES . 65BTEST METHODS AND CLARIFICATIONS . B.1B.1.1B.2GENERAL TEST CONDITIONS . 69DEFINITION OF A TEST OBJECT . 69REQUIRED TEST OBJECT INFORMATION . 69CONDITIONS FOR THE EQUIPMENT UNDER TEST . 69ALL-IN-ONE COMPUTER ALIGNMENT FOR TESTING . 70INSTRUMENTS USED FOR TESTING . 70SETTINGS OF THE ALL-IN-ONE COMPUTER . 70TEST IMAGE/TEST CHARACTER . 71MAKING AN 80% IMAGE LOADING TEST IMAGE . 71TEST REPORT . 72GENERAL INFORMATION . 73TCO CERTIFIED DOCUMENT . 73VISUAL ERGONOMICS . 74B.2.0 GENERAL TEST CONDITIONS FOR VISUAL ERGONOMICS . 74B.2.0.1Basic test requirements. 74B.2.0.2Photometric laboratory general requirements . 74B.2.0.3Power supply and test room climate requirements for testing . 74B.2.0.4Photometric and spectrometric measurements . 74B.2.0.5Measurement distance . 76B.2.0.6Stray light . 76B.2.0.7Overall uncertainty . 76B.2.1 IMAGE DETAIL CHARACTERISTICS . 77B.2.1.1Native display resolution requirement . 77B.2.2 LUMINANCE CHARACTERISTICS . 78B.2.2.1Luminance level . 78B.2.2.2Luminance uniformity. 79B.2.2.3Black level . 80B.2.2.4Luminance uniformity – angular dependence . 81B.2.2.5Greyscale gamma curve . 85B.2.3 LUMINANCE CONTRAST CHARACTERISTICS. 86B.2.3.1Luminance contrast – characters . 86B.2.3.2Luminance contrast – angular dependence . 91B.2.4 REFLECTION CHARACTERISTICS . 92B.2.4.1Front frame gloss . 92B.2.5 SCREEN COLOUR CHARACTERISTICS . 93B.2.5.1Correlated colour temperature (CCT) variation . 93B.2.5.2Colour uniformity . 94B.2.5.3RGB settings . 96B.2.5.4Colour uniformity – angular dependence . 96B.2.5.5Colour greyscale linearity . 98B.3WORKLOAD ERGONOMICS . 100TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.03 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.B.3.2B.4VERTICAL HEIGHT . 100EMISSIONS . 101B.4.0 GENERAL TEST CONDITIONS FOR EMISSIONS . 101B.4.0.1Basic test requirements. 101B.4.0.2Conditions and set up for the test object . 101B.4.0.3Emission measurement instruments . 104B.4.1 ALTERNATING ELECTRIC FIELDS . 108B.4.2 ALTERNATING MAGNETIC FIELDS . 111B.6ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS . 113B.6.0 GENERAL CLARIFICATION . 113B.6.0.1Signatures . 113B.6.1 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION . 113B.6.2 ORGANISATION . 113B.6.2.1Environmental management system certification . 113B.6.3 CLIMATE . 114B.6.3.1Energy consumption – All-in-one computer . 114B.6.3.2Energy consumption – external power supply . 115B.6.4 ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES . 115B.6.4.1Cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and hexavalent chromium (CrVI) . 115B.6.4.2Halogenated substances . 115B.6.4.3Non-halogenated substances . 116B.6.4.4Plastics with chlorine and bromine as part of the polymer . 116B.6.4.5Information regarding plastics and flame retarding agents . 116B.6.5 PRODUCT LIFETIME . 117B.6.5.1Warranty and spare parts . 117B.6.6 PREPARATION FOR RECYCLING. 117B.6.6.1Material coding of plastics . 117B.6.6.2Variety of plastics . 117B.6.6.3Metallization of plastic housing and metal parts. 117B.6.6.4Preparation for recycling - Mercury lamps. 118B.6.6.5Take back system . 118B.6.7 PRODUCT PACKAGING. 118B.6.7.1Hazardous substances in product packaging . 118B.7CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY . 119B.7.1.1General Clarifications . 119TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.04 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.Support (on this document and TCO Certification)If you would like to certify your products and are looking for support inunderstanding this document, then TCO Development has partner laboratories allover the world who can clarify the content of this document to you.Please contact TCO Development for a list of partner laboratories:certification@tcodevelopment.comOr visit the TCO Development webpage for a list of partner laboratories:www.tcodevelopment.comTCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.05 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.IntroductionTCO Development has, since the end of the 1980s, influenced the development of ITequipment, particularly Visual Display Units (VDUs). Today, TCO Development’sinternational certification system – TCO Certified – makes it easy to choosesustainably designed and produced IT and office equipment. It is a third partycertification, Type 1 eco label according to ISO14024. The point of departure for thisproduct group’s criteria is the commitment to sustainability, whereby long termeconomic gains are dependent on social and environmental considerations. Thecriteria for TCO Certified include environmental and social aspects, and have beenbroadened from product focus to also include the production phase. This is a result ofincreased expectations around the world to respect human rights in the productionand development of the products. The social responsibility criteria also cover qualityaspects of the product, such as ergonomics, emissions and electrical safety. Thecriteria related to the environment include, for both product and production, aspects,such as energy consumption, content of hazardous materials, preparation forrecycling and environmental management system at production sites.With every major update of the criteria the aim is to extend and tighten thecertification in order to keep in pace with technology innovation and development.All updates are a result of cooperation between key stakeholders, such as purchasers,users, producers, and researchers. This criteria document TCO Certified AIOcomputers 2.0, is the second version of TCO Development’s certification ofintegrated computers. Going forward, subsequent versions, 2.1, 2.2 etc., might bereleased. However, these are to be considered only as updates within the sixthversion with improved precision of the mandates and test methods.It is permitted to quote from these criteria (e.g. in procurements), provided that thesource is disclosed and the extent of the quotation is consistent with sound copyrightpractice. For further information, please visit November 2011TCO DevelopmentMartin SöderbergBusiness Area Manager ComputersTCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.06 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.ACriteriaA.1 General informationThis document contains requirements, test methods and references for All-in-oneComputers.An All-in-one computer is defined as a computer and display in a single unit. Otherterminology this document may cover is Integrated Network Computers and ThinClients.The aim of this criteria document is to provide relevant test methods and criteria forthe actual use of the product. This criteria document has an A- and a B-part. The Apart includes the mandated criteria and the B-part clarifications and test methods.Compliance to the mandates in this criteria document can be achieved in one of twoways. Those ways are either through a test report or through a verification report.1. A test report is defined as a report based on: Testing conducted by the laboratory issuing the test report on theproduct identified in the report.2. A verification report is defined as a report based on: A test report issued by a different laboratory. Declarations from the Company applying for the certificate.The alternatives accepted by TCO Development for each criterion can be foundunder each mandate respectively.TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.07 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.A.1.1TCO Certified DocumentBackgroundIt is necessary that the purchaser of a product that has been certified in accordancewith TCO Certified All-in-one computers receives information concerning thequality, features and capabilities of the product. This information is based on theviewpoint from the user’s perspective that TCO Development represents.ApplicabilityAll-in-one Computers.ReferencesThe contract between TCO Development and the applicant company or brand owner.Mandate:A TCO Certified Document written in English or the native language where the product is to besold shall accompany the product, describing why these particular requirements have beenchosen for the products within the program of TCO Certified All-in-one computers, and whatis expected to be achieved by them. The document may be provided as an electronic file. AnEnglish version of the text can be obtained from TCO Development.Examples of how the document can accompany the product are presented below:- A separate printed document.- As an electronic file or in the user manual.- At the manufacturer’s web site, together with the information about the product. A referenceto the web site shall accompany the productThe following information shall be submitted to the verifier at the testlaboratory:A written guarantee that the above mandate is fulfilled. The document shall be signed by theresponsible person at the applicant company.The following information shall be submitted with the application toTCO Development:A copy of a verification report from a test laboratory approved by TCO Development.We hereby guarantee that the above mandate is fulfilled. .Product brand and model name.Signature.Name and title in block capitals.Date.CompanyTCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.08 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.A.2 Visual ergonomicsToday computer displays are an essential tool for users in all kinds of environments.Good visual ergonomics is a very important aspect of quality that can also have adirect effect on the health, comfort and performance of the user.In developing requirements for visual ergonomics, the possible health effects ofvarious parameters have been taken into account. Other features that characterisegood quality displays have also been in focus for developing these criteria.TCO Development used three main methodologies to determine the suitable level foreach requirement and the test methods for the visual ergonomics part of the TCOCertified labelling program. One is based on acceptable visual levels, as determinedby scientific research. The second is based on statistics from tests carried out inaccordance with TCO Development, ISO, MPR regulations and from specializedVDU tests. The third way is based on manufacturers’ knowledge and experience,which is invaluable. Manufacturers, consumer groups and other organisations withinterests in the visual ergonomics field have contributed a great deal of valuableinformation and ideas throughout the development process.TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.09 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.A.2.1Image detail characteristicsA.2.1.1Native display resolution requirementBackgroundImage quality is negatively affected by a low fill factor, visible “jaggies”, poorrendering of details, etc. All of these parameters are related to the resolution of thedisplay. For display resolution characteristics, it is important to take the viewingdistance into account.The viewing distance in this TCO criteria document is defined as 1.5 the displaydiagonal, but no less than 500 mm which could be considered as an absoluteminimum viewing distance for comfortable viewing. This means that the mandate onresolution is independent of the display size and viewing distance but dependent onthe display format. Only the display format needs to be known.DefinitionA pixel is the smallest addressable imaging element of the All-in-one computerdisplay capable of reproducing a full range of luminance and colours.The native display resolution is the number of pixels in the horizontal direction bythe number of pixels in the vertical direction that the display can present.ApplicabilityAll-in-one Computers.Test procedureSee B.2.1.1.References2, 36 and 44.Mandate:The pixel density shall be 30 pixels/degree visual angle.The following information shall be submitted with the application toTCO Development:A copy of a test report from a test laboratory approved by TCO Development.TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.010 (123)

2011-11-07 2011 Copyright TCO Development AB. All rights reserved.A.2.2Luminance characteristicsA.2.2.1Luminance levelBackgroundIt shall be possible to set the luminance level according to the lighting conditions ofthe surroundings. Poor luminance can lead to low contrast and consequently affectlegibility and colour discrimination and thus lead to misinterpretations. It shall bepossible to set a sufficiently high luminance level with respect to the ambient lightingin order to present a comfortable viewing situation and to avoid eyestra

TCO Certified All-in-one Computers 2.0 7 (123) A Criteria A.1 General information This document contains requirements, test methods and references for All-in-one Computers. An All-in-one computer is defined as a computer and display in a single unit. Other terminology this document may cover is Integrated Network Computers and Thin Clients.

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