Basic Manners For Dogs

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pit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmityand opportunentA N I M A L FA R MFOUNDATION, INC.SINCE 1985 the skills to succeedGiving dogsBASIC MANNERS FOR DOGSANIMAL FARM FOUNDATION

We believe that all dogs are individualsand every dog deserves a chance to shine.How Dogs LearnTraining and Handling equipmentPlaying the Name gameNILFSit and Sit StayFor shelter dogs, having good manners will impresspotential adopters and increase their chances of adoption.And for dogs already in a home environment, training canbe the key to a happy, healthy bond between families andtheir dogs.Training is an excellent source of mental stimulationfor any dog. Spend a few minutes a day working on thefollowing basic manners with your dogs and you’ll givethem the tools they need to succeed!Stay ChecklistDownDown StayPLEASE NOTE: If your dog is displaying seriousbehavior issues, such as resource guarding oraggression, please consult a professional priorto using the training techniques included inthis booklet.OffDrop itLeave itWaitQuestions? Please contact us:Email: [email protected]: (845) 214-6908Heeland opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmFading LuresA N I M A L FA R MFOUNDATION, INC.SINCE 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.orgT R A I N I N GTeaching dogs good manners is a priority, whether you’reworking with dogs in a shelter environment or sharingyour life with a dog at home.CONTENTS

HOW DOGS LEARNPOSITIVE REINFORCEMENTPositive reinforcement utilizes anything that, whenpresented immediately following a behavior, causes thebehavior to increase in frequency. The most commonlyused reinforcers are treats and verbal praise, but somedogs respond well to favorite toys and activities. Themost important thing is that the reinforcer must bepleasing to your individual dog.After you determine what to use as a positive reinforcerwith your dog, you can then utilize it to strengthen yourdog’s behavior in various scenarios by presenting thedesired item immediately following your dog’s actions. Byrewarding them for their behavior, your dog will be morelikely to repeat his actions the next time he encountersa similar situation.Dogs can also reinforce themselves by acquiring something they want on their own.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmHere’s an example of Positive Reinforcement: You ask the dog to sit. He sits. You give him a treat. He is more likely to sit the next time you ask.A N I M A L FA R MFOUNDATION, INC.SINCE 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.org(continued on next page)T R A I N I N GDogs learn through consequences, just like humans do. Our training handouts teach dogs byusing positive reinforcement, such as treats and praise, to increase desired behaviors, likesitting and staying.

Here’s an example of how a dog can provide himselfwith a reward for his behavior: You left a piece of steak on the counter. Your dog jumped up, grabbed the steak off thecounter, and ate it. Oops – your dog reinforced himself by gettinga reward for counter surfing! Your dog is going to be more likely to jump onthe counter the next time food is left out.In order to control what your dog is rewarded for(instead of letting your dog reward himself forunwanted behaviors) you’ll need to manage positivereinforcements by setting your dog up for success. Youcan do this by putting away items you don’t want yourdog to have (such as food, shoes, or children’s toys) orrestricting your dog’s access to these items by usinggates or crates.TIPS FOR USING POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT EFFECTIVELYFor maximum effectiveness, a reinforcer shouldbe given immediately after the desired response.Immediately means within seconds ofyour dog performing the desired action.This very small window is when dogscan make the connection between theiractions resulting in a reward. If moretime goes by, your dog may not understand why he is being rewarded. Forexample, if your dog stands up, after theysuccessfully perform the desired sit, butyou give them the reward anyway, they’llthink you’ve rewarded them for standingup, not sitting. Remember, the reinforcer can only strengthen the behavior that itimmediately follows.SECONDARY REINFORCERBecause it can be difficult to accurately time the treatso that our dogs make the connection between theiraction and receiving the reward, we can use a secondaryreinforcer to bridge the time between the behavior andthe delivery of the reward.The most common and effective secondary reinforcersare marker words (such as “yes”) and clickers. We canquickly deliver a well-timed “yes” or a click within asecond of our dog performing the desired behavior.This quick and clear message helps dogs learn effectively.Using an audible secondary reinforcer establishes a veryclear message of approval and provides us with a momentto deliver the primary reinforcer, the treat or toy.CONTINUOUS AND INTERMITTENT SCHEDULES OFREINFORCEMENTContinuous reinforcement means that every time thedog performs the behavior, he gets a positive reward.When you begin training with your dog, use this scheduleuntil the dog understands what behavior you want himto perform. Continuous reinforcement should be useduntil your dog successfully responds to both the verbalcommand and the hand signal in various scenarios, aswell as with distractions that increasethe difficulty of the task.Once your dog is consistently andsuccessfully performing the desiredbehavior, you can switch to anintermittent (or varied) schedule, whichmeans that your dog is reinforced onlyoccasionally. For example, you could givethem a treat every other time they sit,then every third time, then a coupletimes in a row, etc.This variation will help a behavior to ‘stick’ becauseyour dog will never know when a treat is coming, sohe’ll continue to work, in the hopes that the next timewill pay off.(continued on next page

Why vary the reinforcement after your dog learnsa new command? A dog who has had continuousreinforcement every single time he performs abehavior, will quickly notice if the reinforcementstops. He may try this behavior a few times, but if noreinforcer is forthcoming, he’ll eventually stop tryingand this behavior becomes extinct. (continued on next page)Giving rewards intermittently will make your dog wantthe treats more and will continue to try, even if theyaren’t rewarded the first time they’ve successfullyperformed the behavior.The will allow your dog to getused to working even when there isn’t a reward.Here’s an example of how intermittently rewardinga dog will encourage them to keep trying: If you giveyour dog a bite of your dinner once in a while, but inbetween you say “no”, your dog will keep begging forfood. If you say “no” continuously, every single time,they will eventually stop begging for food. Butrewarding them with food every once in while will keepthem trying for more in the hope that you might slipthem one more bite! Same thing with sleeping in yourbed or letting them jump on you – letting them do itevery once in while will keep them trying for more.NATURAL REINFORCERSEventually, dogs will perform the behavior for naturalreinforcers, as well as the ones we have provided onan intermittent schedule.Here’s an example of a natural reinforcer: Whenyour dog wants to go outside, you ask him to sit andwait by the door, before you will allow him to go out.The natural reinforcer is that he will be rewarded bygoing outside, where he will likely enjoy a walk or playtime. Eventually, your dog will automatically sit and waitby the door, until you open it.DEFINITIONS OF OTHER COMMON TRAINING TERMSLURING: To use a desired item (like a toy or treat) toget a dog to move in a certain way by enticing them tofollow the item into a particular position or behavior.For example: When teaching a dog to sit, put a treatto your dog’s nose, then lift the treat over the dogshead and his rear end will touch the ground. You’reluring him into a sitting position with the treat.SHAPING: To break a desired behavior into smallerparts and marking and rewarding these steps whenthey happen. Shaping is especially useful in teachingmore complicated behaviors. For example: If youwanted your dog to pick up your keys and hand themto you, you would use shaping by marking and rewardingthe dog just for sniffing the keys. Once your dog isconsistently sniffing the keys, wait for him to mouththem, then reward that small step. Once he is mouthingthe keys consistently, only reward him for picking themup with his mouth.

TRAininG AnD HAnDLinGEquipment for you and your dogBAIT BAGThis is used to carry all of the “good stuff” like treats,toys or whatever else might motivate the dog to wantto learn.There are bags made specifically to hold trainingtreats, or you can improvise a treat bag. The style of bagcan be as individual as the handler. A pocket can also beused if the lingering smell of treats is not a problem!and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmTREATSTreats can range from kibble to real meat, depending onthe level of distraction the dog and handler are experiencing during a training session. Using kibble for trainingat home is usually good enough but out in the “realworld,” with real life distractions, the reinforcement willneed to be bumped up with treats that the dog thinksare worth his attention.A n i M A L FA R MLEASHESThere are many leash options. Use a leash that is soft onthe hands and about six feet in length for non-reactivedogs. A leash of four feet in length is best for a dog whoreacts to people or animals when out in public. Theshortened leash will allow the handler to help the dogavoid bad experiences. Exercise caution with expandableleashes, as they often give the handler much less controlof the dog, and can cause injury if the cable is grabbed inan emergency. If dropped on the ground, the plastic expandable leash handle will bang behind the dogs andcould frighten even the bravest dog, which could resultin the dog running away.FOUnDATiOn, inc.SincE 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.org(continued on next page)T R A i n i n GNo two dogs, or two human handlers, are alike. At Animal Farm Foundation, we treat every dogand every handler as an individual. We use a variety of training tools to help each dog and eachhandler have a positive, successful training experience that will promote the human-canine bond.

CLICKERThe clicker is used to mark the exact moment that a dog does the“right” behavior and is followed by a treat. In place of the clicker, theword “Yes” can be used, giving the handler one less thing to hold duringa training session.FLAT BUCKLE COLLARCollars that display the dog’s name, phone number, rabies tag and anyrequired licensing are a must to ensure a dog’s safe return home. If usinga flat buckle collar for walking a large dog, it is safest to have a metalbuckle. Plastic closures can snap open if the dog pulls, leading to anoff-leash pooch. For large dogs or strong pullers, consider a sensationharness or head halter for walking.SENSATION HARNESSThe sensation harness is designed to clip in the front of the dog, atthe chest. It is meant to be comfortable for the dog to wear, as it takespressure off the dog’s neck. It also makes it easier for the dog to useappropriate body language when he meets other dogs and people. Thesensation harness also gives the handler more control of the dog’s bodyas the dog is steered from the shoulders.HEAD HALTERThe head halter fits around the dog’s nose and back of the head. It is agood piece of equipment for reactive dogs. It will give the handler bettercontrol of the dog’s head, which translates to more control of the dog’sentire body. A note of caution for this piece of equipment: For thecomfort, safety and success of the dog, the handler will need to fullyunderstand the proper use of the halter.Training is a team effort and is most successful when the handler anddog are enjoying each others company while working together. Usetraining equipment that will promote a positive and pleasant experiencefor the dog and a sense of accomplishment for the handler.

PLAYinG THe nAMe GAMeAKA Cookie Toss!HOW TO: Show your dog a treat. Toss it a short distance. Your dog will run to get it. Say his name right after he grabs it. When he turns to look at you, praise him, thentoss another treat in a different direction. Repeat this a few times.TIPS:Always use a happy tone of voice when calling your dog’sname.If your dog is not interested in the treats, try trainingbefore meal time, when they’re hungrier, or using highervalue treats, such as chicken or cheese.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmThroughout the day, if you catch your dog offering hisattention to you (without being asked), give him a reward!A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inC.SinCe 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.orgT R A i n i n GTHE GOAL: Teach your dog to respond to their name. The Cookie Toss Game will help you getyour dogs attention whenever you call his name.

nOThinG in LiFe iS FReeAKA Say PleaseIntroduce NILF into your daily routines if your dogis currently engaging in behaviors that are rude or pushy,such as counter surfing, barking, whining, beggingfor food, pushing or grabbing items, nudging you forattention, digging, etc.In addition to your training sessions, using NILF will helpestablish the house rules for your dog, whether they’rea new addition to your family or just in need a refreshercourse.HOW TO: First, spend some time teaching your dog basiccommands, such as “sit” and “down”. Once your dog knows how to sit, you canintroduce NILF. Whenever your dog wants or needs something,they must sit first.For example:At dinner time, ask your dog to sit, and then give themtheir food bowl.When your dog wants to go for a walk, ask them to sit,and then put on their leash. As you teach your dog other commands, you canincorporate them into the NILF program, by increasingthe difficulty of your requests.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmFor example:When your dog wants you to throw the ball, put him ina down and ask for eye contact, then throw the ball.A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.orgIf your dog wants a treat, put him in a sit-stay, take a fewsteps away, then release your dog and give him the treat.If your dog nudges you to pet him, ask for a down, andthen give him affection.Incorporating basic training into everyday scenarios likethese will remind your dog that polite manners are thekey to getting the good things in life!T R A i n i n GTHE PROGRAM: Nothing in Life is Free (NILF) helps dogs acquire better manners by teaching themthat in order to get what they want, they must behave politely. In other words, nothing in life comesfor free. Dogs have to earn things they want with polite behavior, just like we do when we say “please”!

SiT AnD SiT STAyHOW TO: Grasp a treat with your thumb and pointer finger,like you’re pinching something. Hold the treat close to your dog’s nose. Move the treat slowly up over his nose, so thathis head tilts up to follow the treat. As his head and snout raise up, his rear end willnaturally move down to the floor. When your dog’s rear end touches the floor, markthe behavior with “yes” and then give him thetreat. Once your dog repeatedly succeeds at the behavior,you can add the verbal command “sit”, as you passthe treat in front of your dog.Tips and Troubleshooting:Pick a quiet spot to practice, free of distractions.If your dog jumps up to grab the treat, you’re holding ittoo far away from his nose. Try keeping the treat nomore than one inch from his nose.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmIf your dog backs up, instead of sitting, try moving him toa spot with a wall behind him, so that he can’t back away.Only say the command “sit” once. Wait until your doggives you the behavior (be patient!) and then mark with“yes” and a treat.A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.org(continued on next page)T R A i n i n GSITThe Command: “Sit” means to sit, a comfortable positionfor most dogs, and often the first command a dog learns.

Adding Hand Signals: The hand signal for “sit” mimics the movementyou used to teach them to sit: pass your (empty)hand over their head and then back up towardsyour shoulder, as you say “sit”. Imagine you’redoing an exaggerated bicep curl. As soon as your dog sits, mark the behaviorwith a “yes” and reward them with a treat fromyour other hand.SIT — STAYThe Command: “Sit – Stay” means to sit and stay inplace, until released. This can be used in everyday situations, both on and off leash.HOW TO Begin with your dog in a sit. Hold treats in your left hand, but do not let yourdog see them. Give the stay signal with your right hand (use aflat, outreached hand, like a traffic cop signalingyou to ‘stop’) and at the same time say “Stay”. Silently count two beats. Don’t move away. Aftertwo seconds, give the treat. After the task is completed say ‘yes’ andimmediately give your dog the food rewardfrom your left hand. Release your dog by saying “ok!” or “free”. Thistells them that the “stay” is over. As long as your dog is successful, continue toadd on time and, eventually distance to theirsit-stays. Use the sit-stay checklist to gradually increasethe difficulty. Aim for your dog to completeabout a dozen successful repetitions beforemoving onto the next step.Tips and Troubleshooting:Begin practicing sit-stay on leash or in the house. Asyour dog builds their skill level, move outside wherethere are more distractions. If you have an enclosedarea outside, you can practice off leash, but if not, tryusing a long nylon training lead, so you can increase thedistance safely.If your dog gets up as you try to extend the length ofthe sit stay, return to the last length of time your dogwas successfully able to stay sitting and then build upslowly from that point.As you go through the sit stay checklist, your dog maymove or follow you. If that happens, walk him backwhere he was originally sitting, then try again, makingit slightly easier this time. Always set your dog up forsuccess, so he’ll enjoy your training sessions!

STAy checkLiSTTaskCount 1Count 2Count 3Count 5Count 7Count 10Count 15Count 201 step to the left, return1 step to the right, return1 step back, return2 steps left, return2 steps right, return2 steps back, return3 steps left, return3 steps right, return3 steps back, return5 steps left, return5 steps right, return5 steps back, returnand opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatm2 steps left, count 102 steps right, count 102 steps back, count 10A n i M A L FA R M1 step back, about face, return2 steps back, about face, return3 steps back, about face, returnFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.org10 steps left, return10 steps back, returnStep CompletedT R A i n i n GPractice these steps in orderand, as your dog graduallybecomes successful at eachlevel of difficulty, try the stepsin random order to keep yourdog on their toes!# of Repetitions

DOWnHOW TO: Put your dog in a sit (see sit-stay handout) Put a treat in your right hand and hold it closeenough to your dog’s face so that he can smell it,but not eat it. Pass the treat straight down from your dog’s noseto the floor in between his front paws, thenstraight out in front of him. This looks like an‘L’ motion. When your dog lies down mark the behavior witha “yes” and give the treat. Once your dog repeatedly succeeds at the behavior,you can add the verbal command “down”, as youpass the treat in front of your dog.When luring your dog into a down with the ‘L’ motion,make sure the treat is kept very close to your dog as youmove it to the floor. He will follow it down with his headand then, as you draw it out slowly in front of him, heshould stretch and lie down to follow the treat. If thetreat is too far away from your dog as you lower it, oryou move it across the floor too quickly, your dog maypop up to follow the food.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmTips and Troubleshooting:Avoid practicing this on hard or cold surfaces. Pick acomfortable spot, like a rug or dog bed.Only say the command “down” once.Wait until your doggives you the behavior (be patient!) and then mark with“yes” and a treat.A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.org(continued on next page)T R A i n i n GTHE COMMAND: “Down” means to lie down. To avoid confusion, refrain from using “down’” whenyour dog jumps on you (or on furniture). In those situations use the command “off” instead.

Small dogs may take a little longer to learn the down,but keep trying and use high value treats to keep theminterested.You can also try placing them on a table andpractice “down” on an elevated surface.Not having any luck? Try sitting on the floor with yourfeet flat on the ground, knees raised. Lure your dogunder your legs with a treat. They’ll have to lie downunder your raised knees to get the treat. Mark thebehavior with a “yes” and “down”.If your dog refuses to lie down, try capturing thedesired behavior whenever your dog naturally liesdown by marking the behavior with a “yes” and“down”.ADDING HAND SIGNALS There are two hand signals commonly used fordown. Choose one and use it every time youask your dog to down. The first mimics the movement you used toteach the down: pass your (empty) hand downto the floor as you say “down” (see photo). The other option: extend your arm vertically, ata slight angle, as you say “down”. Imagine you’rereaching for an item on a shelf above your head,with a flat, empty hand. As soon as your dog lies down, mark the behaviorwith a “yes” and reward them with a treat fromyour other hand.Tips:The second hand signal is useful if you need to put yourdog in a down from a distance. They might not be ableto hear you saying “down”, but they’ll be able to seeyour arm reaching up from across a field or dog park.Once they are successful at “down”, you can move onto practicing “down-stay” (see our down-stay handout formore).

DOWn STAyHOW TO: Once your dog lies down readily, stop giving treatsfor only doing the down. Next, choose a consistent hand signal to use. Trya flat, outreached hand (imagine a traffic copsignaling you to ‘stop’ like in the photo). Now put your dog in a down. Ask him/her to “stay” while using the stay handsignal, then silently count to five. Do not moveaway from your dog. After five seconds, givethe treat. Release your dog by saying “ok!” or “free”. Thistells them that the “stay” is over. Once they can stay for five, repeat and count ten. Add on an additional five seconds, as long as yourdog in successful. Once your dog is staying for a length of time, youcan begin to move away from your dog. See thesit-stay program for more details on creatingdistance using stays.Tips and Troubleshooting:To make staying easier, try teaching your dog a “relaxeddown” first. A relaxed down is when the dog, alreadylying down, shifts onto one hip to be more comfortable.Some dogs do this naturally.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmTo teach a relaxed down, ask your dog to “down”, thenpass the treat from their nose to their hip in a semi-circle. When he shifts his weight onto the hip, say “relax”and give the treat. Now you have a relaxed down.A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.orgIf your dog gets up as you try to extend the length ofthe down stay or relaxed down stay, return to the lastlength of time your dog was successfully able to stay inthe down and then build up slowly from that point.Once you add distance and movement into the downstay, your dog may get up to follow you. In that case, walkhim back where he was originally lying down, then tryagain, making it slightly easier this time. Always set yourdog up for success, so he’ll enjoy your training sessions!T R A i n i n GTHE COMMAND: “Down Stay” Once your dog learns the down, teach them to stay down for anyperiod of time.

OFFand opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmTips and Troubleshooting:Why do dogs jump? To demonstrate affection, to becloser to our faces, and to get attention from us. Whena dog is jumping up, they are demonstrating affection bytrying to lick your mouth. As puppies, dogs learn thatthis gesture is a deferential and loving way to greet asuperior.When your dog is jumping up, they’re giving you acompliment and hoping you’ll pay attention to them! Themore upset you become, the more your dog will wantA n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.org(continued on next page)T R A i n i n GTHE COMMAND: “Off “ means to get off of a person or an item of furniture. To avoid confusion,refrain from using “down” when your dog jumps on you (or on furniture).HOW TO: When your dog jumps on you, stay calm andquiet. Do not react in any way. Turn to the side with your hands behind yourback, allowing your body motion to gentlydisplace your dog. As you move, say firmly and quietly “Off”. As soon as your dog’s feet are on the floor, askfor a sit. If your dog sits, kneel down by her side and praise. This teaches your dog that they will get attentionand praise when they are sitting, not jumping. Soon you’ll anticipate that your dog is about tojump and you can step to the side, before theymake contact with you.This surprise motion fromyou will cause your dog to pause. The final step is to anticipate that your dog isabout to jump and, before they do, ask them tosit instead.You’ll set your dog up for success!

to appease you and show you much they love youby jumping up again. Rather than punish your dogfor trying to greet you, teach your dog appropriatebehavior using the steps above.Do not push your dog with your hands or speak tothem in an excited tone. Your dog might mistake youractions for play. Stay calm and quiet. Don’t give themany attention until they have all four paws on the floor.*Note: You may have heard of other, more physical,techniques (kneeing them in the chest, stepping on theirback paws, or squeezing their front paws) that punish dogsfor jumping. These methods will likely teach your dog tofear you and/or strangers, but won’t teach them how topolitely meet people.

DROp iT OR OUTHOW TO:Try the proactive approach: whenever your dog hassomething in his mouth, use it as an opportunity to train“Drop It” by following these steps: Grab a treat in your left hand, but don’t let yourdog see the treat. Put your right hand in front of your dog’s mouthor, if the object is large, put your hand on the object. Use your left hand to pop the treat directly intoyour dog’s mouth, behind the object. As you dothis, say “Drop it”. Your dog will feel the treat in his mouth and,wanting to chew it, he’ll spit the object out intoyour hand.Your dog will be instantly rewardedwith a treat that’s already in his mouth! Practice this technique often. Not only will your dog learn “drop it”, but he’lllook forward to having your hands near hismouth, because he’ll never know when to expecta surprise treat.Tips and Troubleshooting:Dogs are naturally inclined to explore the world withtheir mouths.They investigate by tasting (and sometimeseating) everything. This goes for appropriate things, liketoys and treats, as well as potentially dangerous items,and even our favorite shoes.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmTo set dogs up for success, remove items that are dangerous or valuable from their reach by putting them inclosets and cabinets. Manage their environment so thatthey do not have access to expensive sweaters or poisonous chemicals and you’ll prevent them from makinga bad decision.A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.orgPlaying tug, grabbing at the item, or scolding and chasingthem will lead dogs to believe you’re playing a game andencourages them to play “keep away” with the item. Ifyour dog does get a hold of an item you want them todrop, stay calm and trade the item for a treat, using the“out” technique.You can also hold a treat directly in frontof their nose.If your dog displays behaviors such as resource guarding,please consult a professional for help prior to using thesetraining handouts.T R A i n i n GTHE COMMAND: “Drop It” means to drop whatever object is in their mouth.

LeAVe iTTips and Troubleshooting:In the beginning, your dog does not have to move herentire head away from your hand in order to get thereward. The instant her eyes look away from your hand,breaking attention from the treat, you can rewardyour dog.and opportunentitypit bull” dogsfor “ng equal treSecuriatmHOW TO: Ask your dog to sit. Show your dog a treat. Place the treat in the palm of your right hand, thenclose your hand around it. Put your closed fist in front of your dog’s noseand let her sniff your hand. Your dog will begin to nose, lick, paw, or mouthyour right hand. In a quiet voice say “leave it”. The moment your dog looks away from yourhand, mark the behavior with a “yes”, then givethe dog a treat from your left hand while saying“take it”. Repeat this several times. Your dog will quickly figure out that they get rewarded for looking away. With practice, when you say “leave it” your dogwill begin to turn her head away or move awayfrom the treat. After they master the behavior, switch the treatinto your left hand and repeat.A n i M A L FA R MFOUnDATiOn, inc.Since 1985 www.animalfarmfoundation.orgWhen giving the reward from your left hand, say “takeit” in a cheery voice.To make it easier for your dog to succeed, you can use aless exciting treat (like a baked biscuit) in your right handand reward her with a high value treat (chicken) fromyour left.T R A i n i n GTHE COMMAND: “Leave it” means to leave an object or an animal alone. This command is helpfulin countless situations, such as asking your dog to avoid food you’ve dropped, trash on the street,or other

Teaching dogs good manners is a priority, whether you're working with dogs in a shelter environment or sharing your life with a dog at home. For shelter dogs, having good manners will impress potential adopters and increase their chances of adoption. And for dogs already in a home environment, training can

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56 CHAPTER 5 7 ETiquETTE And PRofESSionAl MAnnERS this entire chapter is devoted to the single topic of etiquette. Both acceptable and unacceptable manners are discussed. Self-presentation through posture, verbal manners, and professional langu

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across the Eurasian continent, 11 indigenous dogs from southern East Asia, 12 indigenous dogs from northern East Asia, 4 village dogs from Africa (Nigeria) and a set of 19 diverse dog breeds distributed across the Old World and the Americas. Chinese indigenous dogs are dogs living in the coun-tryside of China [16] (Supplementary information, Data

Limb deformities in dogs: the role of the primary care veterinarian Denis Marcellin-Little, DEDV, DACVS, DACVSMR University of California, Davis EPIDEMIOLOGY Angular limb deformities are common in dogs. They are primarily seen in dogs of chondrodystrophic breeds. Chondrodystrophic dogs have a genetic make-up that leads to variable

och krav. Maskinerna skriver ut upp till fyra tum breda etiketter med direkt termoteknik och termotransferteknik och är lämpliga för en lång rad användningsområden på vertikala marknader. TD-seriens professionella etikettskrivare för . skrivbordet. Brothers nya avancerade 4-tums etikettskrivare för skrivbordet är effektiva och enkla att

Den kanadensiska språkvetaren Jim Cummins har visat i sin forskning från år 1979 att det kan ta 1 till 3 år för att lära sig ett vardagsspråk och mellan 5 till 7 år för att behärska ett akademiskt språk.4 Han införde två begrepp för att beskriva elevernas språkliga kompetens: BI

**Godkänd av MAN för upp till 120 000 km och Mercedes Benz, Volvo och Renault för upp till 100 000 km i enlighet med deras specifikationer. Faktiskt oljebyte beror på motortyp, körförhållanden, servicehistorik, OBD och bränslekvalitet. Se alltid tillverkarens instruktionsbok. Art.Nr. 159CAC Art.Nr. 159CAA Art.Nr. 159CAB Art.Nr. 217B1B

PROTOCOL FOR BASIC MANNERS TRAINING AND HOUSETRAINING FOR NEW . If you intend to show the dog in conformation, agility, or obedience, take the pup to shows early, even before he is old enough to be entered. This is possible with outdoor shows. . If your dog is not an absolutely top-quality breeding animal (i.e., all of your dog ' s .

GOOD MANNERS Abu Ad-Darda reported: The Prophet, (pbuh), said,: “Nothing is heavier on the scale of the believer on the Day of Resurrection than his good manners. Examples of good manners: Saying please and thank you Not interrupting, being patient Not arguing or shouting Being kind and sharing Asking permission

Response may include but is not limited to the central idea of the poem being the importance of having good manners. The speaker compares good manners to golden keys. He or she probably uses gold for the keys because gold is good like having good manners and being polite. In the poem, the speaker explains when to use different kinds of good .

Manners . Printable Activities . This section has the worksheets/crafts for your “Manners” theme. Worksheets are theme related . and also include the letter X, number 6, shape . heart, and color purple. There are enough sheets to do several a day. (This . depends on if you would like

Worksheets ‘Put Your Best Foot Forward’ book Pencils Assorted stickers Props could include a magnifying glass for when you do the Manners Detective Sheet. Sheriff badges (optional) Cassette player or radio (for ideas for manners songs) Costumes File Size: 904KB

ASTM Methods. ASTM Listing and Cross References 266-267 Physical Properties 268-269 Sulfur Standards 270-271 PIANO. NEW 272-273 Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis and SIM DIS 274-275 ASTM Reference Standards 276-303 Diisocyanates298 UOP Standards 304 Miscellaneous: Biocides in Fracking Fluids . NEW. 305 Skinner List, Fire Debris Biofuels 306-309 TPH, Fuels and Hydrocarbons 310-313 Brownfield .