The Wider Botanical Gardens AreaFrameworkAugust 2014
ContactEconomy DirectorateBirmingham City CouncilClick:Email:consultation P&R iderbotanicalgardensareaCall:Telephone:Keith Watson(0121) 303 9868Visit:Office:1 Lancaster CircusBirminghamB4 7DJPost:P.O. Box 2470BirminghamB1 1TRYou can ask for a copy of this document in large print, anotherformat or another language. We aim to supply what you needwithin ten working days.Call (0121) 303 9868If you have hearing difficulties please call us via Typetalk 180010121 303 9868 or email us at the above address.Plans contained within this document are based upon Ordnance Surveymaterial with the permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of theController of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown Copyrightand may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings.Birmingham City Council. Licence number 100021326, 2014. Photographs: Birmingham City Council and Calthorpe Estatesthe wider botanical gardens area framework / contact
deration of key assets8Policy context12Issues and Challenges14The Opportunity16Delivery18contents / the wider botanical gardens area framework
To LichfieldNBlake StreetNot to ScaleButlers LaneFour OaksSutton ColdfieldHS2A452A5127A453Wylde GreenTo WalsallBirmingham MetroChester RoadA453Birmingham CanalHamsteadM5A452ErdingtonBirmingham & Fazeley CanalM6A34M42A5127A38To ManchesterSpaghetti JunctionPerry BarrHS2Gravelly HillWittonA47Sandwell & DudleyA41AstonA38MHS2Smethwick Galton BridgeSmethwick Rolfe StreetM6M42Birmingham & Fazeley CanalBirmingham CanalLangley GreenA47BirminghamCity CentreTo WorcesterA457Snow HillA4040Birmingham & WarwickJunction CanalDuddestonHS2StechfordAdderley ParkLea HallMoor StreetA4540Ring RoadNew StreetBordesley Crown Copyright . All rights reserved Birmingham City Council 100021326,2014A456Five WaysMarston GreenThe WiderBotanical Gardens AreaSmall HeathA45Birmingham Airport& NECWorcester & Birmingham CanalA38TyseleyA41UniversityAcocks GreenBirminghamInternationalA34Spring RoadB4121Grand Union CanalSelly OakOltonHall GreenA435To WarwickA38BournvilleYardley WoodM5Stratford-upon-Avon CanalKings NortonNorthfieldShirleyA441A38LongbridgeB4096To Stratford-upon-AvonWorcester & Birmingham CanalPlan 1 Location Planthe wider botanical gardens area framework / forewordTo London
Foreword1The area surrounding Birmingham Botanical Gardens has a uniquecharacter, and is home to a number of important organisations. The City iskeen to ensure that they all have a bright future, but also that the characterof the area is maintained.This framework sets out clear recommendations for the wider BotanicalGardens Area, to facilitate the investment potential of several importantsport and education providers as well as Birmingham Botanical Gardensitself. It provides a co-ordinated local vision for the area building upon thestrategic approach within the emerging Birmingham Development Plan.It is our aim to ensure that the wider Botanical Gardens Area becomesknown as an important location for first class leisure, sport and educationprovision within Birmingham. This will be achieved by ensuring thedelivery of high quality facilities fit for the 21st Century.This framework will help to secure a co-ordinated approach to investmentproposals, assisting the Botanical Gardens, leisure organisations andschools to develop with confidence. The Council is committed to workingwith the local community, businesses and partners to achieve the goals setout in this framework, and invites you to comment on our proposals.Councillor Tahir AliCabinet Member for Development, Transport and the EconomyBirmingham City Councilforeword / the wider botanical gardens area framework
2IntroductionThe area bounded by Westbourne Road, Richmond Hill Road, FarquharRoad and the railway, (see Plan 2) referred to as the wider BotanicalGardens Area, is a unique area of Birmingham. It is characterised by green,open spaces with a number of nationally and locally significant leisure,recreational and educational uses which reflect the area’s rich history.The area is surrounded by someof Birmingham’s most prestigioushousing and Edgbaston Wardremains one of Birmingham’spremier suburbs.The importance of both the historicand green environment is reflectedin that the whole of the area fallswithin Edgbaston ConservationArea and the followingconsiderations are also recognised.There are: Two nationally recognised parksand gardens of specific historicinterest (Birmingham BotanicalGardens and The GuineaGardens). 3 areas of Protected Trees (TreePreservation Orders). 7 Listed Buildings ofhistoric and/or architecturalimportance. 2 sites of local importance fornature conservation. 5 different sports playing fields. 2 private sports clubs.An area of historic allotments(the Guinea Gardens). Important links in two wildlifecorridors.The area is home to BirminghamBotanical Gardens, some of thebest independent schools in thecountry, a number of substantialresidential properties, a publichouse/restaurant and offices.These activities, however, generateconsiderable vehicular trips withinthe general area. Peak periodcongestion raises concerns aboutcurrent highway capacity andparking issues in the area.The management of these assetslies in the hands of each of themain occupiers. To maintain what isspecial about the area and to tacklesome of the problems requiresa co-ordinated programme ofinvestment. It is clear, however, thatthe historical and environmentalassets that are worthy of protectionin themselves impose considerableconstraints on the ability toinvest. These assets have to keeppace with modern demands andneeds if they are to remain viable,competitive and attractive in thefuture.the Development Plan, it doeshave a valuable role in helping tosupport the delivery of appropriateDevelopment Plan policies andobjectives, defining how they areto be applied in the context of sitespecific delivery. It is hoped allparties will commit to it, endorseits content and use it as a means ofguiding and encouraging ongoinginvestment.To maintain the area’s uniquenessand make it suitable to meet thedemands of the 21st century isbeyond any one occupier or user.To move forward requires a sharedvision, an agreed set of prioritiesand action and collective effort.This framework has been preparedto facilitate and support thisprocess.Purpose of documentThe City Council considers aframework document to be anappropriate way to identify: What is special about the area. What needs to be protectedand enhanced. Issues and problems thatdetract from the area. How to address those issues. A vision for the area. A set of opportunities andactions to encourage ongoinginvestment and maintenance. A proposed way forward.Whilst this Framework does notcarry the same formal status asthe wider botanical gardens area framework / introductionPlanImage? 1Environment/ConstraintsBotanical Gardens
3NNot to ScaleneWestbourRoad2Richmond Hill RssCroyCiteLinrminharRoadster& BirquWorce Crown Copyright . All rights reserved Birmingham City Council 100021326,2014 Copyright Geoperspectives supplied by Bluesky International Ltd.ghamCanaloadFaThe ValeHalls of ResidencePlan 2 The Wider Botanical gardens Areaintroduction / the wider botanical gardens area framework
224ContextThis area forms part of the historic Calthorpe Estate, purchased bySir Richard Gough in 1717, and subsequently added to. Originally theparkland and surrounding fields to Edgbaston Hall; Edgbaston was largelydeveloped in the first half of the nineteenth century as a prestigiousresidential estate. Large parts of Edgbaston now fall within the EdgbastonConservation Area, characterised by tree-lined avenues, substantial housesand significant areas of open space.Edgbaston is a high-quality, highvalue suburb, and the key assetsfound within the Wider BotanicalGardens Area reflect this. Openedin 1832, the Botanical Gardenscover 6 hectares of land and is animportant facility attracting manyvisitors to the area and to the city.Edgbaston is widely regardedas offering some of the bestindependent schools in thecountry. 11 independent primaryand secondary schools are presentwithin the locality, 3 havingoperations within the boundariesof the Framework Area itself. Eachof the 3 schools has their owndesignated playing field.The Chad brook passes through thearea and is subject to occasionalflooding. The flood corridor and anumber of other environmental andconstraints are shown on Plan 3.A number of high-quality, highvalue residential properties are alsoin the vicinity fronting WestbourneRoad, Richmond Hill Road, andon Farquhar Road. The otherproperties within the study areacomprise The White Swan, a pub/restaurant, and Westbourne Manor,now occupied as an offices forPertemps.A number of sports clubs utiliseland surrounding the BotanicalGardens; the Edgbaston Archeryand Lawn Tennis Society (EALTS)and Edgbaston Croquet Club areboth well-established. There aretwo unused former playing fields,one off Richmond Hill Road, theother to the rear of Farquhar Road.Towards the south of the site,complementing the horticulturalpresence of the BotanicalGardens, are the Guinea Gardens– ‘Westbourne Road Allotments’– which date back to the late18th century. They are the lastremaining example of groupsof detached rented gardens inBirmingham and one of only foursuch sites remaining in the country.The Gardens are Grade II listedon English Heritage’s Register ofHistoric Parks and Gardens.ImageBotanical GardensPlan? 2Environment/Constraintsthe wider botanical gardens area framework / context
225NNot to ScaleHarborneRoadUCE(Westbourne Campus)RoadernWestbouEdgbastonHigh SchoolBotanical GardensCroThe ValeHalls of ResidenceRichmondHillRoaddss CRoaity RailwrchayChu Crown Copyright . All rights reserved Birmingham City Council 100021326,2014 Copyright Geoperspectives supplied by Bluesky International Ltd.Hallfield SchoolEd bKey: Environment/ConstraintsFramework BoundaryHistoric Gardensand ParksFlood Zone 2Conservation Area BoundaryStatutorily Listed BuildingsFlood Zone 3Wildlife CorridorsTree Preservation OrderPlan 3 Environment/Constraintscontext / the wider botanical gardens area framework
6VisionThe vision for the wider BotanicalGardens area is: to offer nationally recognisedleisure attractions, a first classindependent education offerand sporting facilities that aresecond to none. to secure ongoing investmentto maintain, enhance andpromote its position as apremier destination of choice. to have improved access andparking, and that the historic, environmentaland landscape assets that makethe area unique have beenmaintained and upgraded.former West Midlands Policesports ground to deliverupgraded facilities for theEdgbaston Girls High School. Improving connectivity – anew access is providedeasing pressure on the localroad network and providingadditional car parking servingthe Botanical Gardens, EALTS,the Guinea Gardens, TheCroquet Club, West HouseSchool and Edgbaston GirlsHigh school. Enhancing environmentaland historical character- maintaining the best of theareas assets and providingthe context to secure newfunding for maintenance andinvestment. Promoting sustainability –providing opportunities todemonstrate best practicein sustainable developmentand delivering an area thatminimises its carbon footprint.The aim is to achieve this over thenext 5-10 years.This vision is both aspirationaland challenging and recognisesthat to maintain what is alreadyexceptional and unique aboutthe area requires ongoingcommitment and investment fromthe land owners and occupiers.Implementation requires a unifiedapproach to taking the area forwardwhich this framework provides.ObjectivesAlongside this vision this frameworkalso sets out the conditions andopportunities necessary to attractinvestment and renewal. Theseinclude: Securing appropriate levelsof growth - opportunities areprovided for the BotanicalGardens, EALTS tennis cluband the Croquet club to investin, expand and enhance theirfacilities. Rationalising and enhancingplaying pitch provision – theframework maintains schoolplaying field provision andbrings back in to use thethe wider botanical gardens area framework / vision
7Image 3 EALTS and Botanical Gardensvision / the wider botanical gardens area framework
8Consideration of key assetsBirmingham Botanical Gardensoperate as an independenteducational charity and unlikemany other similar botanic gardens,such as Edinburgh or Kew, areself-financing. Attractions on siteinclude the Gardens themselves(recognised as an historic park andgarden), with over 7,000 plants ondisplay, four historic glasshouses,a tearoom, gift shop and plantsales area, gallery and facilitiesfor corporate events, banqueting,conferences and weddings. Thegrounds retain much of theiroriginal 1832 layout and are a Siteof Local Importance for NatureConservation (SLINC). The Gardensare a major visitor attraction toBirmingham and are keen tocontinue to be able to make anongoing positive contribution tothe city.The Gardens have aspirations toincrease the range of facilities andattractions on offer, however, plans,including one for a new glasshouse,cannot be implemented due topoor access and constrainedparking. There is limited availablespace to expand, meaning thatsuch underlying constraints cannoteasily be overcome. The gardensare currently re-assessing theirbusiness model and are keen toexplore how to maximise visitornumbers, provide improvededucational facilities and becomean exemplar of addressing the eco/sustainability agenda.Edgbaston Archery and LawnTennis Society (EALTS) is the oldestcontinuously operating tennisclub in the world, and the secondlargest in Birmingham. Recentinvestment at the nearby Priorytennis club, also in Edgbaston, hasincreased competition. EALTS hasan excellent reputation for juniorcoaching and wishes to remaincompetitive through strengtheningtheir existing facilities and securingtheir long term future through anew lease.At present, the Society has 12courts (6 grass, 4 shale, 2 artificialgrass), however all are outdoors,which constrains use especiallyin winter. In order to remaincompetitive, the Society mustbe able to operate throughoutthe year, in-keeping with moderntennis being an all-year game.Many associated facilities with theexisting courts are also outdated.The tennis courts are, at times,under-utilised during the daytime,and there may be an opportunityto increase local school’s use ofthem. There is an already existentpartnership in place which allowsWest House and EdgbastonHigh Schools to use the Society’sfacilities for junior tournaments.Access to the club, via a narrowsingle width lane is poor and egressonto Westbourne Road dangerouswith restricted vision. Parking islimited. There is a need to improvethese elements; however the club isunlikely to be able to pursue thesechanges without external financialassistance. Aspirations exist for newindoor and all-weather facilities,and the club may need additionalland in order to accommodatethese.The Lawn Tennis Associationis believed to be supportive inprinciple of expansion and newdevelopment, but requires securityof tenure through a renewed leaseas a condition of any funding beinggranted.Edgbaston Croquet Club has beenlocated on its current site since1915. Although it is recognisedthat croquet is a minority sportcompared to tennis, the club hasaspirations to expand its facilitiesand create a higher profile for itself.The club is self-funding at presentand seeks to attract externalfunding in order to increase itsinfluence.Membership is near capacity for itscurrent facilities, with three full-sizelawns and a small basic clubhouse.The current facilities are adequateto hold national tournaments,however there are aspirations tohave 4 courts which would notonly allow a larger membershipbase to be accommodated but alsowould facilitate larger competitionsto international level.Expansion has been underconsideration for some time, butcosts and funding have not beenImage 4 Edgbaston Archery and Lawn Tennis Society (EALTS)the wider botanical gardens area framework / consideration of key assets
9fully explored at present as therequired additional land had notbeen identified. Sharing of lawnfacilities would not be appropriatedue to the croquet lawns beingmono-functional, but a sharedclubhouse facility, possibly with thetennis club could be considered.Image 5 Edgbaston Croquet ClubImage 6 Guinea GardensEdgbaston Guinea Gardens arenot only a historical asset for theWider Botanical Gardens Area, butalso a local community asset. Anumber of original features remain– chiefly hedgerows – enablingEnglish Heritage to include the siteas Grade II Listed in its Register ofParks and Gardens and Gardens ofSpecial Historic Interest. It is alsolisted as a Site of Local Importancefor Nature Conservation (SLINC).There are no major problemswith the site, however there areoccasional minor issues withflooding. There is a waiting listfor allotment plots to becomeavailable but expansion has notbeen considered. Access is notideal; it shares the substandard rowaccess road with EALTS, and thereis no dedicated parking.Image 7 Guinea Gardensconsideration of key assets / the wider botanical gardens area framework
10Edgbaston High School for Girlsfounded in 1876, is Birmingham’soldest independent school for girls.It has over 940 students aged2 ½ to 18 and provides a very highstandard of education. In recentyears the school has undergonea period of refurbishment andmajor development. It opened anew all-weather surface playingfield for hockey, netball and tennisin 2007, refurbished its swimmingpool in summer 2008, as well ascontinuing to maintain a stateof the art gymnasium. It also hasplaying fields providing a runningtrack, rounders pitches and cricketsquare. In 2011, a 3.5 milliondevelopment programme added anew Sixth Form centre, new libraryand fitness suite to the School’sfacilities.There is sufficient on-site parkingfor staff and visitors, however, trafficgenerated by pick-up and drop-offsat the beginning and end of theschool day can be a problem.Hallfield School a leading coeducational day preparatory schoolfor 550 children aged between 3months and 11 years. The schoolhas extensive facilities including anextensive 4 hectare playing field,well equipped sports hall and anall weather area. The school isset within an 8 hectare campus.Whilst providing pupil drop offfacilities, these are regularly overstretched causing congestionon Church Road. The school isdeveloping plans to increase theirparking provision and considerways of improving safety. Theschool also has medium and longterm aspirations to upgrade andimprove their facilities throughselective redevelopment and siterationalisation.West House School is apreparatory day school for boysbetween the ages of 4 and 11,with a nursery caring for childrenfrom the age of twelve months.Image 8 Edgbaston High School for GirlsAlthough the main teachingcampus is located outside theWider Botanical Gardens Area onSt James Road, the school hasaccess to the Richmond Hill playingfields which include two full-sizefootball pitches, a cricket squareand pavilion. There is no dedicatedparking, parents and users havingto park on the road.Pertemps are one of the UK’slargest recruitment agencies andhave an office at WestbourneManor to the site’s north-west.Their offices are generally self-Image 9 Hallfield Schoolthe wider botanical gardens area framework / consideration of key assetscontained and there are no majorissues with their site or operationsat present.The White Swan public houselies just south of WestbourneManor, and is a popular eating anddrinking venue. It has a sizeable carpark.The vacant fields off Richmond HillRoad and to the rear of FarquharRoad have been used in recenttimes as sports pitches, for bowlsand for police dog training,however these activities no longer
11operate. There may therefore beopportunities to put these currentlyvacant spaces back into use whilstmaintaining the character of thearea.Residential properties flankthree sides of the area with twosubstantial houses on WestbourneRoad, maisonettes and a 12 storeytower block fronting Richmond HillRoad and substantial detachedproperties along Farquhar Road.A large parcel of land between theWest House playing field and theBotanical Gardens is currently usedas a private garden area.PlanImage? 10Environment/ConstraintsThe White SwanImage 11 Farquar Road Eastconsideration of key assets / the wider botanical gardens area framework
12Policy contextThe National Planning Policy Framework states that there is a need toachieve sustainable development; growth which meets the needs of today,with minimal adverse impact.One aspect towards achievingsustainable development isthrough conserving and enhancingthe historic environment (NPPF,section 12); particularly relevantgiven the historical context ofthe Edgbaston area. A need toprotect Birmingham’s historicallisted buildings is highlightedin paragraph 3.25 of the city’sUnitary Development Plan, withConservation Areas, such asEdgbaston, being a “powerfulmeans of preserving the bestof historical and architecturalheritage” (paragraph 3.20).playing fields will not normallybe allowed”. Whilst paragraph3.60 places further importanceon the provision of sports pitchesand playing fields; “The qualityof sports pitches is important.Encouragement will continue tobe given to improvements, forexample to changing facilities,and to the provision of all-weatherpitches, which can be used moreintensively than grass pitches”,a stance which facilitates thenumerous sports clubs and schoolsseeking to develop and expand inthe area.The number of playing fields inthe Wider Botanical Gardens areaalso means that considerationmust be given to the NPPF’s‘Promoting Healthy Communities’section (section 8). This promotesaccess to high quality open spacesand opportunities for sport andrecreation and sets out the needto protect existing playing fields,open space, sports and recreationalbuildings unless: there is a clearsurplus in provision; or that the losswould be replaced by equivalent orbetter provision in terms of qualityand quantity; or the development isrequired for alternative sports andrecreational provision, the need forwhich clearly outweighs the loss.In this case, a significant amountof work is being undertaken tounderstand the aspirations of thevarious educational, sports andleisure users of the site and thereis clear opportunity to significantlyimprove the overall quality ofprovision on a reconfigured andlogically arranged site.Chapter 16 of the UDP focusesspecifically on Edgbaston. Dueto the area’s desirable characterand high quality residentialenvironment, the UDP does notforesee any proposals for largeparts of the district. High qualityimprovements to existing facilitieswill be encouraged, subject to theneed to safeguard local amenity(paragraph 16.15).This policy context is also reflectedin the Birmingham DevelopmentPlan 2031, as submitted to theSecretary of State in July 2014.Once adopted it will replace andsupersede the Birmingham UnitaryDevelopment Plan (UDP).Paragraph 3.57 of Birmingham’sUDP echoes the stance of the NPPFby saying that “Development onthe wider botanical gardens area framework / policy context
13Image 12 Botanical Gardenspolicy context / the wider botanical gardens area framework
14Issues and challengesThose features and characteristics that make the Wider Botanical GardensArea unique require ongoing investment and maintenance to ensure theircontinued special status. For example listed buildings and historic gardensneed to be maintained, school facilities kept up to date and visitor facilitiesenhanced to meet changing needs and aspirations. Many people expectto travel to these facilities by car and expect safe access and egress andadequate parking facilities. Many of the area’s unique features, however,pose development constraints that are not easily overcome and haveprohibited investments and improvements. Given this the area now has anumber of pressing problems. These may be summarised as:upgrade existing facilities,including the clubhouse.This cannot be achievedwithout security of tenureand additional land fordevelopment.General Issues Capacity of roads, withcongestion particularly at peaktimes and the beginning andend of the school day. Pressure on parking placeswith limited scope to increaseprovision. Poor access to several of thefacilities.Croquet Club: Has longterm aspirations for a fourthlawn to attract internationaltournaments and increasemembership levels. This wouldrequire additional land.Limited opportunities forexpansion sites or newdevelopment opportunities. Guinea Gardens: would benefitfrom better, safer, access anddedicated parking. Issues over leases and longterm security acting as ahindrance to securing funding. Pressures to maintain listedbuildings and conserve historiclandscapes.Schools: Ongoing investmentby the schools can beconstrained by factors imposedby the Conservation Area. Playing Fields: Some of theplaying fields are affected bypoor drainage and occasionalflooding.Site specific challenges Botanical Gardens: Previousplans for new visitor facilitiesand expansion have beenhindered by an inabilityto provide additional carparking and improve upontheir constrained access. TheGardens have a desire toprovide new investment andfacilities but have limited scopeto achieve this. The listed glasshouses also need significantinvestment and maintenance. EALTS: Access to the site ispoor and parking provision islimited. There is a desire toprovide indoor facilities andTransport and ConnectivityIt is important to ensure thateach activity is well connectedto the existing streets, and easilyaccessible from surroundingresidential areas. Development offacilities will need to incorporatesafe, direct, legible, welloverlooked and well lit routes for allroad users, including pedestriansand cyclists.Improving the transport networkin the area is crucial to ensuringthat the area thrives and has asustainable future. To achievethis, this framework supports andthe wider botanical gardens area framework / issues and challengesencourages developments inthe wider area which contributetowards and provide theopportunities for delivering anenhanced network for all modesof transport. The Framework alsosupports and encourages theimplementation of Travel Plansin order to vary the modes oftransport that are used.Highways:The framework boundaryincludes Westbourne Road andHarborne Road which form partof Birmingham’s Strategic RoadHierarchy, and are classified as maindistributor roads. The other roadsforming the boundary, namelyRichmond Hill Road and FarquharRoad, are classified as Link Roads.These roads provide the mainaccess between Harborne, the CityCentre and Birmingham’s StrategicHighway Network. As a result,the capacity of roads is a matterof concern for local residents,with congestion at junctions andon certain roads, particularlyat peak times. All proposalsbrought forward must take intoaccount the sensitive nature of theimmediate road network, and willneed to mitigate against potentialadditional traffic which could beattracted to the area.Locally, there is a desire for junctionimprovements, particularly at thejunction of Westbourne Road,Harborne Road and Richmond HillRoad. Any major developmentthat comes forward will need toundertake a Transport Assessment
15which will, amongst othermeasures, consider any impact onthe junction and if necessary fundimprovements. These, however,would be subject to publicconsultation.From 2014, the City Council hasembarked on a policy to rollout 20mph speed limits on allresidential roads in the city.Parking:There is considerable local concernabout long stay on-street parking inresidential streets. Any additionaltraffic generation connected withimproved sporting and leisureactivities will need to accommodateadditional parking provision on sitewhich will be assessed against theCar Parking Guidelines 2012 SPD.Cycling:For many people cycling isbecoming a preferred mode oftransport and is ideal for shortjourneys. The current provisionfor cyclists in the area is limited.However, the promotion of cyclingis a key objective within theBirmingham Mobility Action Plan(BMAP), Local Transport Plan andmany other policy documents. Inaddition, as well as the currentLocal Sustainable Transport Fund,the City Council has launched theBirmingham Cycle Revolution, aproject worth 24.3m, including 17m of government funding. Itaims to achieve a target of 5% ofall trips in the City to be made bybike by 2023, and 10% by 2033. Asa result, there is considerable scopefor improving cycling provisionand activity and the Frameworksupports the development ofimproved walking and cyclingroutes in the area. Improvementswill be expected in all detaileddevelopment and investmentproposals including facilities forsecure cycle parking and storage Inline with the Car Parking Guidelines2012 SPD.and from the Botanical Gardensis traffic dominated with narrowfootways and limited opportunitiesfor controlled crossing facilities.The Framework seeks to createopportunities to make significantimprovements to the pedestrianrealm, to encourage more peopleto walk and cycle, thereby reducingcar use. These will complementexisting schemes such as SafeRoutes to Schools. Improvedconnections will not only improveaccessibility, but also assist withaccess to public transport.Public Transport:Improvements to bus stopsand waiting facilities would bedesirable and are supported bythe Framework. The area is servedby frequent services betweenHarborne and the city centre,making it a location which is easilyaccessible by public transport.Pedestrians:The current walking environmentfor pedestrians varies across thearea. The walking environment toImage 13
the wider botanical gardens area framework / vision Vision The vision for the wider Botanical Gardens area is: † to offer nationally recognised leisure attractions, a ﬁ rst class independent education offer and sporting facilities that are second to none. † to secure ongoing investment to maintain, enhance and promote its position as a
May 02, 2018 · D. Program Evaluation ͟The organization has provided a description of the framework for how each program will be evaluated. The framework should include all the elements below: ͟The evaluation methods are cost-effective for the organization ͟Quantitative and qualitative data is being collected (at Basics tier, data collection must have begun)
the wider botanical gardens area framework / vision Vision The vision for the wider Botanical Gardens area is: † to offer nationally recognised leisure attractions, a ﬁ rst class independent education offer and sporting facilities that are second to none. † to secure ongoing investment to maintain, enhance and promote its position as a
HISTORIC The New York Botanical Gardens AND/OR COMMON The New York Botanical Gardens LOCATION CITY. TOWN -VICINITY OF New York COUNTY Bronx STATE New York PHOTO REFERENCE PHOTO CREDIT NEGATIVE FILED AT The New York Botanical Gardens The New York Botanical Gardens DATE OF PHOTO circa 1962; confirmed 1975 IDENTIFICATION DESCRIBE VIEW. DIRECTION. ETC.
On an exceptional basis, Member States may request UNESCO to provide thé candidates with access to thé platform so they can complète thé form by themselves. Thèse requests must be addressed to esd rize unesco. or by 15 A ril 2021 UNESCO will provide thé nomineewith accessto thé platform via their émail address.
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10 Best Botanical Gardens In The World Source: Internet 4. Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum, Berlin, Germany - Opened to the public in 1910, this botanical garden has an area of 43 hectares and 22,000 plant hespecies. The garden is part of the Free University of Berlin and t Botanical Museum is attached to the garden
Botanical Gardens and two areas of open parkland now known as the North and South Gardens. The Botanical Gardens Nursery was established in 1859. Plants and seeds were received from the Royal Melbourne and Geelong Botanic Gardens. In the 1860s, the principal tree planting began while in 1888 a maze was built in the North Gardens to the same .
Botanical gardens have traditionally been landscapes of learning. Whether through passive or active opportunities, visitors to botanical gardens expect to be presented with new information, new sights and new experiences. When combined with the large scale of botanical gardens, their traditional role as educational landscapes puts them
Botanical Gardens were founded by Governor Macquarie, the RTBG is one of six Royal Botanical Gardens in the world - the others being at Sydney and Melbourne in Australia, Kew and Edinburgh in the United Kingdom and Hamilton in Ontario, Canada. ―The Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens (Map 1.1) are one of Tasmania's
Botanical Gardens at Sanibel Sanibel, FL 33957 (239) 472-4119 The Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens-6857 museum.org Fort Myers, FL 33901 (239) 334-7419 Everglades Wonder Gardens 27180 Old 41 Road Bonita Springs, FL 34135 (239) 992-2591 10901 Old Cutler Road (305) 667-1651 www.fairchildgarden.org Flamingo Gardens-2955 The Florida Botanical Gardens
Special events are held at the gardens: plant sales, concerts, and art exhibits. And best of all, botanical gardens provide us with a relaxing and peaceful green area to get away from urban pressures. The best-known botanical garden in our area is Selby Gardens, which was opened to the public in July 1975. William and Marie Selby owned
The Atlanta Botanical Garden ("Garden") is a 30-acre botanical garden in Midtown Atlanta, Georgia. Christy Jellets, Facility Manager, for the Atlanta Botanical Gardens emphasizes that, since 1976, the mission of the gardens has had a consistent focus and that is to: "Develop and maintain plant collections for the
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Undoubtedly "The objects of botanical gardens must be mainly scientific and predominantly instructive" as Ferdinand Mueller (1825 - 1896), the director of the Royal Botanic Gardens of Melbourne (1852 - 1873) stated, about 150 years before. At the same time the operation of botanical gardens has a significant impact on the
working title is Edwards Botanical Gardens. It will be important to agree on the name early as this will form the foundation of the future branding, fundraising and marketing efforts for the Master Plan and the Gardens in future. Edwards Gardens and Toronto Botanical Garden Master Plan and Management Plan 128
Botanical Gardens on April 7 and 8 or during the live plant sale on April 9 and 10. If you do not receive confirmation acknowledging receipt of your order, please call (352) 273-5832 BEFORE April 1. Thank you for your support! Wilmot Botanical Gardens 2023 Mowry Road Gainesville, FL 32610 Questions? Contact (352) 273-5832 or firstname.lastname@example.org .
The Botanical Gardens is located just NW of the 5th ring road. Take the exit from the 5th ring road signposted "Xiangshan Road/ Xiangshan" and follow the brown signs to the Botanical Gardens. There is a car park on the right hand side at the intersection of Xiangshan Road and Wofosi Road. Entrance Fee
The St Kilda Botanical Gardens is distinguished from other gardens in the municipality by its botanic function. A botanic (botanical) garden has four key roles - scientific (plant collections), conservation, education (including interpretation) and recreation. The St Kilda Botanical Gardens is recognised by Heritage Victoria for its cultural
Background Information: The Tucson Botanical Gardens was once a home and nursery belonging to the Porter Family. Several of the original buildings are still on the property. Once the Gardens became a non-profit endeavor, it grew to almost five acres consisting of many different garden areas that flow one into
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