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BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMSProceedings of the Global R&D Forum on Compliance Monitoringand Enforcement – The Next R&D Challenge and Opportunity26-28 October 2011İstanbul, TurkeyEdited byArzu OlgunFatma Telli KarakoçFredrik HaagA REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND IMO-GLOBALLAST INITIATIVE

ATÜBİTAKMRCENVIRONMENTINSTITUTEPUBLICATION IN COLLABORATION WITH THE GEFUNDP-IMO GLOBALLAST PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAMMETÜBİTAK MRCPO. BOX. 41470KOCAELI-TURKEYFirst published in Turkey in 2012All papers Copyright TÜBİTAK-MRC Publications 2012. The views expressed are those ofthe authors and do not necessarily reflect the view or policy of TÜBİTAK - MRC or the GEFUNDP-IMO GloBallast Partnerships Programme. TÜBİTAK-MRC Publications and theEditors, while exercising the greatest care in compiling this volume, do not hold themselvesresponsible for the consequences arising from any inaccuracies therein.All rights reserved. Except for quotation of short passages for the purposes of criticism andreview, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, ortranslated, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording orotherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.ISBN 978-975-403-730-2Cover image provided by Onur TanEnglish Edition by Stephanie Messina Dikeçii

BİTAK Marmara Research CenterxiOpening AddressesIMO- Marine Environment Division1Forum program7SELECTED CONFERENCE PAPERLimitations with respect to vital staining techniquesfor use in treated ballast water13August D. Tobiesen, Anne-Marie Bomo, Stephanie Delacroix, Aina C. Wennberg and HelgeLiltvedEcological risk of treated ballast water: a mesocosm experiment21A.C. (Andrea) Sneekes, N.H.B.M. (Klaas) Kaag and E.M. (Edwin) FoekemaTechnology of ship’s ballast water treatment using ·OHradicals based on IMO Guidelines31Mindong Bai, Nahui Zhang, Zhitao Zhang, Yiping Tian, Xiyao BaiThe forgotten fraction: The importance of organismssmaller than 10 µm when evaluating ballast water treatment systems41Isabel van der Star, Viola Liebich, Peter Paul StehouwerERMA first BWTS an integrated and modular ballast watertreatment system. Performance and compliance with IMO guidelines51Efi Tsolaki, Konstantinos Stampedakis, Yannis Moulinos, Nikos KyritsisLab-Scale Chlorine GenerationCeren Bilgin Güney, Fatma Yönsel67A ballast discharge monitoring system for great lakesrelevant ships: a method for researchers, ship owners, and agency officials83Allegra Cangelosi, Tyler Schwerdt, Travis Mangan, Nicole Mays, Kelsey Prihodaiii

Sampling of ballast water for compliance control109Stephan Gollasch, Matej DavidValidation of a shipboard filer skid for sampling zoo planktonfrom ballast water115Matthew FirstEfforts to develop a ballast water detecting device117Goran BakalarA portable, sensitive plankton viability assay for IMOshipboard ballast water compliance testing127Nick Welschmeyer, Brian MaurerFinalized methodology for risk assessment of activesubstances under procedure (G9)141Jan LindersRisk assessment for exemptions from BWMthe Intra-baltic HELCOM study151Matej David, Stephan Gollasch, Erkki LeppäkoskiBallast Water Management in Turkey – an overview157Murat KorçakBiological efficacy of electrolytic BWMs(electro-cleentm system) during on board installation171Yong Seok Park, Dong Hyun Shon, Gwang Ho Lee, Hyun Ju Moon, Hyung Geun JeonAssessing of the Ballast Water Risk in Ceyhan Marine Terminal177Arzu Olgun, Aslı Suha Dönertaş, Cihangir Aydöner, Yasemin GümüşlüoğluClosing remarksMr. Espinoza Ferrey, Director, MED, IMO185Information about organizers189iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThis publication contains a selection of presentations and papers the IMO - GloBallast GlobalR&D Forum on Ballast Water Management “Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement: the NextR&D Challenge”, which was held in İstanbul, Turkey, on 26-28 October 2011.Special thanks are owed to the partners and sponsors who made this event possible, in particularIMarEST, and ICS.Our very special thanks go to the Mr. Jo Espinoza-Ferrey, Director, Marine Environment Division,IMO for their kind attention, contribution, welcoming addresses and his closing remarks to theForum.We would like to express our sincere gratitude to Dr. Özkan Poyraz, Mr. Ömer Tıktık and Mr.Murat Korçak from the Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs (UMA) for all their valuable supportand taking part in the organization process of the Forum.Many thanks are also due to our colleagues for their hard work who supported the 2011 R&DForum from IMO in particular Mr. Fredrik Haag, Ms. Aicha Cherif and Dr. José Matheickal, as wellas Dandu Pughiuc. A special acknowledgement must go to the GloBallast PartnershipsProgramme of the IMO for their initiative in recognizing the possibilities for this Forum towardsenhancing the momentum of the discussion on ballast water treatment and management systems.In particular, we would like to thank the International Scientific Advisory Committee who aided intoselecting the topics and the papers for the Forum; and of course, we would also like to thankevery one of those thirty-five expert presenters for their addresses, presentations, andinterventions in the discussions, as well as for their knowledgeable contributions of papers forpublication in these proceedings.We would like to express our heart-felt thanks to especially Dr. Özen Arlı Küçükosmanoğlu,Emrah Ali Pekdemir, İbrahim Tan and our friends in TUBITAK MRC Environment Institute for thegreat job they achieved in all the relevant activities. A special note of appreciation is also forStephanie Messina Dikeç for her outstanding efforts in the linguistic edit work.Arzu OLGUN, Ahmet BABANTÜBİTAK MARMARA RESEARCH CENTERv

FOREWORDGlobal R&D Forum on Ballast Water Management “Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement:the Next R&D Challenge” was held with the initiative of the GEF-UNDP-IMO GloballastPartnerships Programme, the TÜBİTAK Marmara Research Center (TUBITAK- MRC) and,the Turkish Undersecreteriat for Maritime Affairs (UMA). The R&D Forum was held inİstanbul, Turkey on October 26 - 28. In conjunction with the Forum, two different workshopsand conferences were held. The Forum was attended by more than 130 participants,representing technology developers, the maritime industry, academia, and the internationaland regional agencies from around the world and was considered a major success by forumparticipants.The third meeting of the Global Expert Forum on Ballast Water Test Facility Harmonizationwas held on 24-25 October, continuing their discussions and efforts to further harmonize theapproaches to testing and verifying ballast water treatment technologies. The Forum was alsopreceded by the 2nd IMO-IMarEST Shipbuilders’ Forum on Ballast Water Management on 25October.The R&D Forum itself focused on “Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement (CME) – the nextR&D issue?”, and was opened by UMA, IMO and TUBITAK. The welcome speech on behalfof IMO was delivered by Mr Jo Espinoza-Ferrey, Director MED.The welcome remarks were followed by keynote speeches. Ms. Theresa Crossley, Head ofImplementation, European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) gave a keynote speech whereshe highlighted the EU agenda for invasive alien species and EMSA’s ballast waterprogramme and research in terms of compliance. Mr. Alfonso Castillero, Director General,Merchant Marine, Panama Maritime Authority delivered a powerful speech ensuring theparticipants that Panama is committed to doing all it can, as quickly as it can, to addressmarine biosecurity issues in ways which will safeguard the shipping industry interests anddeliver substantial net environmental benefit.vii

Over the three days of the Forum, a breadth of topics were presented, including theexperiences from testing of technologies for compliance, Port State Control issues, anoverview of current ballast water technologies and how these meet the compliance criteria,sampling and monitoring (including latest developments in rapid diagnostic tools), riskassessments and related tools in the CME framework, regional and developing countryperspectives on CME, as well as the ship-owners’ and shipbuilders’ perspectives.The busy agenda allowed almost every community to share their views and ideas on how tomeet the challenge, but also their concerns and different perspectives. The Forum alsoillustrated the dedication of all those present from the shipping industry, academia andAdministrations.There were very informative presentations, followed by wide-ranging and active discussions,during both the plenary and panel sessions, that also addressed issues such as the challengeto meet the IMO Ballast Water Convention standards, compliance, and monitoring.A total of 35 technical papers and 8 posters were presented over the three days, covering thetesting of the technologies for compliance, port state control issues and experiences, riskassessments and related tools in the CME framework, sampling and monitoring, includinglatest developments in rapid diagnostic tools, performance of current technologies in meetingthe compliance criteria, developing country perspective on CME, and compliance foralternative technologies.The Forum concluded with a Panel discussion, highlighting the importance of the R&D effortsnow that the entry into force of the BWM Convention is imminent, but also on the need for thetechnologies to be validated for ship use and for the receiving environment to be closelymonitored. The Forum was also informed that the next R&D Forum will take place in Republicof Korea in October 2013, and that the next ICBWM (International Conference of BallastWater Management) will take place in Singapore in November 2012.viii

Over the course of the three days, the significant progress made since the last R&D Forum,which was held in Malmö, Sweden, in January 2010, was apparent. For example, in early2010 there were 7 ballast water treatment systems having received their Type Approvalcertificates. At the time of the meeting in Turkey, this had more than doubled (17 systems),with a further 30-40 systems in different stages of development. The theme of the Forum,taking a more in-depth look at the CME, was thus very timely. Even though challenges areundoubtedly still there as the field of ballast water management is still developing, the evergrowing pool of knowledge and experiences around the world is an encouraging sign that theglobal community is continuing to rise to the challenge, determined to work together toaddress the issue.Solutions that cater to the various needs of the shipping industry are being developed, butwhat is now more needed than ever is to share the growing amount of operationalexperiences to overcome the remaining hurdles. We therefore believe that conferences andforums a such as the IMO-GloBallast R&D Forum will therefore continue to provide a crucialplatform for exchanging views end inspire constructive dialogue.The Organizing CommitteeDr. Mustafa TırısDr. Arzu OlgunDr. Ahmet BabanMs. Özen Arlı KüçükosmanoğluDr. Jose MatheickalDr. Özkan PoyrazMr. Ömer TıktıkMr. Murat KorcakMr. Fredrik HaagMs. Aicha Cherifix

INTRODUCTIONThe increasing globalization of the world economy in recent decades has unavoidablyspurred international trade. While this development has brought some favorable opportunitiesaround the globe, it has caused some undesirable consequences. In this sense, one of theareas, in which international trade has raised concerns, has been environmental sciences.While the debates on this issue include a multidimensionality based on different interestgroups within the field, certain adverse effects emerged are obviously undeniable. One ofthese effects which needs immediate policy attention on a global base appears to be theballast water discharge of sea vessels.As well known, maritime transportation constitutes a major part of international trade,particularly in terms of tonnage, and hence is an inevitable means for transferring goods.However, the sea vessels operating for this purpose throughout global waters do not onlytransfer goods, but also a variety of biological organisms including animals, plants andbacteria, some of which deteriorate the aquatic ecosystem. This unfavorable fact,unfortunately, is led by the ballast water taken in by ships for stabilization purposes, which isdischarged upon the loading of cargo. Considering the huge amount of ballast water used bythe sea vessels due to the significant volume of maritime trade, the danger posed for theplanet is certainly nontrivial.The main problem is that because the ballast water unintentionally transmits the species of acertain region to another one, the biological materials ending up alive at their new locationcan act in an invasive manner to reproduce and establish a population. Such behavior ofthose alien organisms poses a threat for the native ones, in terms of crowding-out ordestruction, resulting in damage to the habitat they belong to.Various studies have shown that thousands of different species are carried in ballast tanks,which significantly threaten the biodiversity in the seas around the globe. It is also underlinedin these studies that the rate as well as the extension of the bio-invasions continue toincrease, affecting not only the marine environment but also the human health, in an adversemanner. Hence, the problems caused by invasive species de-ballasted into new nationalxi

waters, have been experienced by many countries to date, including Turkey. In this regard,the research has revealed that Turkish coasts host 400 non-native species, a significant partof which was brought by ships. Among these, one of the biggest damages known so far wascaused by the filter-feeding North American comb jelly, Mnemiopsis leidyi that depleted aconsiderable amount of native plankton stocks in the Black Sea, generating a major economicloss for the commercial fishery in the region.Therefore, Turkey is quite familiar with and very conscious about the ballast water problemand considers it one of the key environmental priorities to be handled both at national andinternational levels, as the solution lies at the heart of global cooperation. That is why Turkeyhas completed a national initiative to address the related threat by commissioning a onemillion US Dollar project, which has been conducted with collaboration between theUndersecretariat for Maritime Affairs of Turkey (UMA) and the Scientific and TechnologicalResearch Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), with the purpose of producing a synergy to developan operational ballast water management strategy and system in the country.Within the framework of the project, an inventory of the maritime transport activities of theTurkish coasts has been developed in the form of a database system in order to determinethe quantity and sources of the ballast water discharges at the Turkish ports. In thisframework, all these ports have been subjected to a risk assessment process using theGloBallast Risk Assessment Methodology. Furthermore, a Geographical Information System(GIS) as well as an Invasive Species Database have been developed during the projectperiod.So, Turkey takes the issue seriously and keeps investing in the R&D activities in the field inorder to offer effective solutions to the problem. In this regard, we gladly hosted the GlobalR&D Forum on Ballast Water Management in Istanbul in order to create a platform forinternational participants to discuss the related subjects ranging from treatment technologiesto shipbuilding. As expected, it resulted in the following outcomes:xii

Achieving close and fruitful collaboration among the scientists and administrators, Enhancing the awareness towards risks imposed by BW handling and transport, Providing the opportunity for the Turkish shipping sector to improve knowledge andmake assessment and projection for the existing conditions and future needs, Disseminating innovative methodologies and technologies for ballast watermonitoring and management, Adapting for the compliance of legislative issues and their relevant implementationpractices.Lastly, it is important to note that, Turkey has started the ratification procedure for the BallastWater Convention and hence it is believed that the successful results of the Global R&DForum on Ballast Water Management held in Istanbul would certainly have a positive impacton relevant developments. I am sure that this proceedings of the Forum will help disseminatethe research results on recent developments in the area of ballast water management andbenefit the scientists and researchers who try to bring solutions to the current issues.Prof. Dr. İbrahim Dinçer(Acting) President of TÜBİTAK MRCxiii

Global R&D Forum on Ballast Water Management“Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement: the Next R&D Challenge”Istanbul, Turkey26-28 October 2011Opening address by Mr. Jo Espinoza-FerreyDirector, Marine Environment Division, IMOWelcome to TurkeyDr. Poyraz, Director General of the Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs,Dr. Baban, Acting Director of Environment Institute, Marmara Research Center, TUBITAK,Distinguished Panel members, participants,Ladies and Gentlemen,It is a great pleasure to be with you, here in Istanbul, for this fourth Global Research andDevelopment Forum on Ballast Water Management.Dear friends,The news of the devastating earthquake in Eastern Turkey has filled all of us with greatsadness, even as we rejoice for the safe discovery of survivors and for the courage anduntiring determination of all those involved in the rescue operations.On behalf of the Member States of the International Maritime Organisation, our SecretaryGeneral, Mr. Efthimios Mitropoulos and all of us in the Secretariat, I wish to convey to theGovernment and people of Turkey, and especially to all those directly affected by theearthquake, our most sincere condolences and deep sympathy.As you may know, IMO has arranged R&D conferences on Ballast Water Managementfor almost a decade – in fact, since 2002. The first two conferences focused on treatmenttechnologies. Back then, what has now grown into an industry and global market of its own1

was just in its infancy, and the R&D Fora held at IMO Headquarters were part of our strategyto assist in the research and development efforts that were starting to grow around the world.The most recent and third R&D Forum was held in January 2010, hosted by the WorldMaritime University in Malmö, Sweden. That event focused on the emerging alternativesolutions to ballast water management. During that wintery week in Malmö, participants wereintroduced to solutions such as variable buoyancy concepts, thermal systems applyingretrieved heat, as well as single source systems to treat a variety of waste streams onboard,to mention but a few. During the pre-conference workshop, an open and constructivediscussion took place on how to prove equivalency between systems approved under the G8and G9 Guidelines of the Convention and these new, emerging ideas. Also, as a sidemeeting to the R&D Forum, the world’s test facilities for ballast water treatment systems metfor the first time, to plant the first seeds for a global network on harmonization of testingprocedures.The third Forum emphatically demonstrated that the R&D community is ready to take on thechallenge of meeting the needs of the shipping industry when it comes to adapting to theregulatory regime under the Ballast Water Management Convention. Since then, andalthough it is only 18 months ago, we have come even further; and it is most pleasing to beable to inform you that, during the sixty-second session of IMO’s Marine EnvironmentProtection Committee, which was held in July, earlier this year, the Committee endorsed aprocedure for approving ‘other methods’ of ballast water management in accordance withregulation B-3.7 of the Convention. This will certainly open the door for new methods andconcepts to prevent risks arising from the transfer of invasive species.In addition, as of today, 17 treatment systems have received type approval under the G8 orG9 Guidelines, which means that there are indeed a variety of technologies out there to meetthe demand from the shipping industry.2

And not least, we now have 30 Parties to the Convention, which actually means that the onlyremaining hurdle for the Convention to enter into force is the tonnage criteria. The currentcontracting Parties represent 26.44% of the gross tonnage of the world’s merchant shipping,whereas 35% is required for the Convention to enter into force. I, therefore, urge all of you ina position to do so, to promote the earliest possible ratification of the Convention by yourGovernments so that the benefits to the environment that it was designed to deliver can beattained expeditiously.So, with this recent progress in mind, what are the next challenges facing us? Well, as we getcloser to entry into force and countries prepare for implementation of the Convention, it isclear that there is a need to address the specific challenges of monitoring compliance with,and the enforcement of, the Convention. And, in this context, there is no doubt that the R&Dcommunity will be playing a pivotal role. This is exactly why we decided that the theme for thisyear’s R&D Forum should be “Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement: the next R&Dchallenge and opportunity”.The R&D Forum relay baton has now been taken over by the Republic of Turkey, welcomingus to and hosting this year’s Forum in the beautiful, historic and certainly maritime city ofIstanbul. We are extremely grateful to our colleagues and friends in the Turkish PrimeMinistry’s Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs and to TUBITAK, the Scientific andTechnological Research Council of Turkey, who have worked very hard over the last sixmonths or so to make this event possible. And our thanks go also to the ICS and IMarEST fortheir sponsorship of this week’s activities.But, even though the Forum starts today, there have already been plenty of activities earlierthis week. On Monday and yesterday, the world’s ballast water treatment test facilitiesconvened for their third meeting. This is a unique and truly commendable effort, with thoseinvolved in the testing of treatment systems having recognized the need for a constructiveand continuing dialogue on this issue, with a view to harmonize test procedures andreporting. Their aim is to set minimum testing standards and to strengthen cooperation and3

exchange of information between the test facilities, in order to improve the comparison oftesting and reporting of systems. This will both increase the buyers’ confidence in theproducts and have positive impacts on comparison of the systems’ performance, which will behighly relevant for compliance monitoring and enforcement. In their meeting over the last twodays, representatives from Administrations and class societies were invited to discuss theirexperiences and needs on issues such as reporting of test results. The next step is toformalise this network through the signing of a MoU.In addition to that activity, the second IMO-IMarEST Shipbuilders’ Forum on Ballast WaterManagement has also been held here at this hotel. The intention of the Shipbuilders’ Forumwas to provide the latest information to shipbuilders and ship repair yards, in particular, onthose issues in which they will play a crucial role, such as installation and retrofitting of ballastwater treatment systems. This one-day Forum, therefore, saw presentations from shipowners, class societies, vendors of systems, IMO and IMarEST. Furthermore, it was anopportunity for useful, open dialogue among those that will be involved in the task of makingsure that the world fleet is ready for the Convention requirements when it enters into force.So the week has already gotten off to a flying start, and we have a very busy programme forthe next three days. We will have the opportunity to discuss issues such as testing forcompliance, experiences with port State control, the current state when it comes to ballastwater treatment technologies, latest developments on sampling and monitoring and, not least,the developing country perspective.Ladies and gentlemen,Before the detailed technical sessions start, you will have the opportunity to listen to the viewsof three keynote speakers - three extremely relevant perspectives on the Ballast WaterManagement Convention delivered by Mr. Dandu Pughiuc from IMO, Ms. Theresa Crossleyfrom the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) and Mr. Alfonso Castillero from theDirectorate of Merchant Marine, in the Panama Maritime Administration. Providing you with4

views from the global, regional and national levels, I am sure that these three speakers willgive us an excellent backdrop for the presentations and discussions that follow.Fellow participants, I certainly look forward to the debates and exchange of ideas and viewsthat lie ahead of us in the next three days, and I am sure you do, too.So, on behalf of IMO, and with renewed thanks to the Government of Turkey and TUBITAKfor hosting what promises to be a most stimulating event, I hereby welcome you to the fourthIMO-GloBallast R&D Forum on Ballast Water Management, and I wish you a greatconference!Or, as they say over here, "İstanbul a hoşgeldiniz ve bu konferansa hoşgeldiniz".Thank you.5

FORUM PROGRAMTuesday 25 October08.30 - 09.00Registration09.00 – 09.15Welcoming remarksUMA, TUBITAK-MAM, IMO-GloBallast and IMarEST09.15 – 09.45Introduction: The regulatory framework - the Ballast Water Convention and itsimplication for shipbuilders and repair yardsJose Matheickal, IMO-GloBallast09.45 – 10.30Keynote address: Ship-owners Perspectives on Ballast Water ManagementOptions: Experiences and concernsWilliam Nugent, OSG10.30 – 11.00Coffee break11.00 – 11.45Ballast Water Treatment Technologies - Technical considerations, experiences andconcerns in retrofitting and new-buildsJad Mouawad, DNV12:30 – 14.00Lunch break14.00 – 14.45BWM Technologies – Remaining scientific and technological challengesDavid Wright, IMarEST and Jim Mackey, Hyde Marine14.45– 15.30Challenges of installing Ballast Water Treatment Systems on large vessels, such astankers and in Explosion ZonesLeif Erik Caspersen, OceanSaver AS15.30– 16.00Coffee break16.00– 16.30Class society perspectives on survey and certificationJad Mouawad, DNV16.30 – 17.00Discussion: Do the current solutions address the industry needs and concerns?Opportunities and challenges ahead for shipyards and shipbuildersDay 1 – Wednesday 26 OctoberOpening Session09:00-10:00Registration and refreshments10:00-10:15Welcome from the organizersUndersecretariat for Maritime Affairs of Turkey, TUBITAK-MAM and IMO-GloBallast7

FORUM PROGRAM10:15-10:30Opening addressJo Espinoza-Ferrey, Director, Marine Environment Division, International MaritimeOrganization (IMO)Plenary keynote sessionModerator Jose Matheickal, Chief Technical Adviser, GloBallast Partnerships, IMO10:30-11:00Keynote addressDandu Pughiuc, Head, Biosafety Section, IMO11:00-11:30Keynote addressTheresa Crossley, Head, Implementation Department, European Maritime SafetyAgency11:30-12:00Keynote addressAlfonso Castillero, Director, General Directorate of Merchant Marine, Panama12:00-12:30Q&A with keynote speakers12:30-14:00Lunch break14:00-15:30Session 1: Testing of technologies for complianceModerator: Mario N. Tamburri, MERC, United StatesSession keynote: Testing of technologies and the emerging global network of test facilities, including areport from the 3rd Global Test Facility ForumSjur Tveite, NIVA, Chairman of the Global Network of Test Facilities, NorwayHarmonisation of testing regimes – comparability of testing in tropical and temperate climatesMartin Andersen, DHI Ballast Water Technology Innovation Centre, SingaporeImproved procedures for sampling and analysis of disinfection by-products and toxicologicalparameters of treated ballast waterStephanie Delacroix, NIVA, NorwayLimitations with Respect to Vital Staining Techniques for Use in Treated Ballast WaterAnne Maria Bono, NIVA, NorwayEcological risk of treated ballast water: a mesocosm experimentAndrea Snakes, IMARES, NetherlandsTechnology of ship’s ballast water treatment using OH radicals based on IMO GuidelinesMindong Bai, Dalian Maritime University, ChinaThe importance of organisms smaller than 10 umIsabel van der Star, Viola Liebig and Peter Paul Stehouwer, NIOZ, NetherlandsSession 2: Port State Control issues and experiencesModerator: Murat Korçak, UMA, TurkeySession keynote: Key aspects of Port State Control under the BWM ConventionRaphael Baumler, World Maritime University8

FORUM PROGRAMA Proposed Framework for Compliance Monitoring of Ballast Water Discharge RegulationsMario N. Tamburri, MERC, United StatesThe Occurrence of Pathogenic Bacteria in Some Ships’ Ballast Water Coming from Various MarineRegions to the Sea of Marmara, TurkeyGülşen Altuğ, Istanbul University, TurkeyAn Examination of the Practicalities of Compliance Monitoring and EnforcementJon Stewart, International Maritime Technology Consultants, United StatesDay 2 – Thursday 27 October09:45-10:30 Session 3: Overview of current ballast water technologies: meeting the compliancecriteriaModerator: Allegra Cangelosi, GSI, United StatesSession keynote: Overview of current technologiesGraham Greensmith, Lloyd’s Register, United KingdomType approval of BW treatment systems – experiencesJad Mouawad, DNV, NorwayERMA FIRST ballast water treatment system: an integrated and modular ballast water treatmentsystem. Performance and compliance with IMO GuidelinesEfi Tsolaki, ERMAFIRST ESK Engineering Solutions S.A.Ballast Water Treatment Solution From Turkey "Akballast TM "Bülent İşmen, AK Gemi Company, TurkeyThe second generation of Ballast water treatment systemsLeif Erik Caspersen, OceanSaver AS, NorwayLab-Scale Chlorine GenerationCeren Bilgin Güney, Fatma Yonsel Department of Shipbuildin

Nick Welschmeyer, Brian Maurer Finalized methodolog y for risk assessment of active 1 4 1 substances under procedure (G9) Jan Linders Risk assessment for exemptions from BWM 1 51 the Intra -baltic HELCOM study