York StateEDUCATION DEPARTMENTKnowledge Skill OpportunityNEW YORK STATECAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATIONGUIDELINES FOR CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATIONADMINISTRATORS AND SCHOOL COUNSELORSJune 2020 EDITIONThe University of the State of New York/The State Education DepartmentOffice of Career and Technical EducationAlbany, New York 12234
Table of ContentsChapter 1: Career and Technical Education Definition and Requirement . 6Definition . 6Content Area Definitions . 6Availability of Career and Technical Education . 7Dual Enrollment: Services to Students in Nonpublic Schools. 9Characteristics of Career and Technical Education Programs. 9Chapter 2: Student Learning Standards. 10Career Development and Occupational Studies Learning Standards. 10Academic Standards. 11Career Clusters. 11The 16 Career Clusters. 11New York State CTE Content Areas alignment with the 16 Career Clusters . 12Chapter 3: CTE Instruction Grades P-12 . 14The CTE Continuum. 14Early Learning and Elementary CTE Instruction. 14Middle Level CTE Instruction . 14Curricular Framework for Middle Level CTE. 16High School CTE Instruction . 17Career Plan. 17Career Plan Requirement. 17Career Plan and Students with Disabilities. 18Career Plan and CDOS Credential . 18Developing and Documenting the Career Plan . 18Chapter 4: High School Delivery Options for CTE . 19Locally Defined Sequences. 19New York State Approved CTE Programs . 19Resources for Program Approval. 20CTE Electives . 21Work-based Learning. 22New Visions Programs . 22P-TECH. 22Chapter 5: Graduation Requirements . 23June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors2
Diploma Requirements . 23Graduation Pathways. 23Assessments Required for All Pathways. 24Requirements for Each Pathway. 24CTE Options for Meeting Graduation Requirements. 24CTE Pathway. 24CDOS Graduation Pathway . 25CDOS Commencement Credential. 25STEM Pathway . 25CTE Courses to Meet Other Graduation Credit Requirements . 26Integrated Academic Credits . 26Specialized Academic Credits . 26Chapter 6: Work-based Learning. 28Registered Work-based Learning Options. 28Career Exploration Internship Program (CEIP) . 28Cooperative Career and Technical Education Work Experience Program (CO-OP) . 28General Education Work Experience Program (GEWEP). 28Work Experience and Career Exploration Program (WECEP). 29Comparison of Registered Work-based Learning Options . 29Non-registered Work-based Learning Options. 30Comparison of Non-registered Work-based Learning Options . 32Workers’ Compensation Insurance . 32WBL and the CDOS Graduation Pathway and CDOS Commencement Credential. 33Chapter 7: Serving Special Populations . 34Students with Disabilities. 34Transition Programs and Services. 34Access to the Student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). 34Measuring and Reporting Progress . 35CTE and Special Education Collaborative Planning. 35CDOS Commencement Credential/Graduation Pathway. 36English Language Learners. 37Chapter 8: Technical Assessments and Credentials . 38Technical Assessments. 38June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors3
CTE Approved Program Assessments . 38Graduation Pathway Assessments. 39Industry Certifications and CTE Assessments . 39Other End of Program Assessments . 39Workplace Readiness Assessments for the CDOS Credential . 40Chapter 9: Federal and State Funding for CTE. 41Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 . 41Boards of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) . 42BOCES Service Delivery . 42State Aid–BOCES Services Aid. 42State Aid–Special Services Aid – Career Education . 43Chapter 10: Program Improvement and Needs Assessment . 44Perkins Required Comprehensive Local Needs Assessment . 44Chapter 11: Reporting CTE Student Data . 45Why Districts Delivering NYSED-Approved Program Must Report CTE Data . 45Data Reported by Program Providers. 45CTE Reporting Entities and Templates. 46Program Service Data . 46CTE Course and Grades Data . 47Work-based Learning Courses . 48CTE Middle Level Courses . 48Technical Skills Assessments. 48Career Path Codes. 49Verifying CTE Data Submission . 49Sample SIRS 306 CTE Report. 49Student Detail Report . 50Chapter 12: CTE Teacher Certification. 51Requirement for Certified Teachers . 51Types of Certificates. 51Classroom Teacher Certificates (P-12). 51CTE Teacher Certificates (7-12). 52Middle-Level CTE Teacher Certification. 52CTE Teacher Certification (5-6 extension) . 52June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors4
Transitional Certificates . 53Summary of CTE Certification Requirements . 56Other Certificates. 57Teacher Certification Resources . 57Chapter 13: Continuing Teacher and Leader Education (CTLE). 59Teacher/Leader Registration . 59CTLE Requirement. 59CTLE Approved Providers. 59Additional CTLE Activities for CTE Teachers and Administrators . 60Chapter 14: Community Connections. 61Advisory Councils . 61Education Connections . 62Resources for Working with Community Partners . 62Chapter 15: Career and Technical Education Student Organizations . 63Chapter 16: Professional Organizations . 66June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors5
Chapter 1: Career and Technical Education Definition andRequirementDefinitionCareer and technical education (CTE) is an umbrella term for instruction that introduces students tocareer opportunities and requirements and helps them obtain technical skills, apply academic skills, anddevelop career-related behaviors. In the past, CTE was called vocational, occupational, or practical artseducation, but today, career and technical education is the standard name.CTE is defined in New York State Commissioner’s Regulations (CR) as follows.CR Part 100.1(l), DefinitionsCareer and technical education means a kindergarten through adult program area of study thatincludes rigorous academic content closely aligned with career and technical subject matter, usingthe State learning standards of career development and occupational studies [CDOS] as aframework. In grades nine through twelve, career and technical education includes the specificdisciplines of agriculture education, business and marketing education, family and consumer scienceseducation, health occupations education, technical education, technology education andtrade/industrial education.[Note: Several of the CTE content disciplines currently use slightly different terms: agricultureeducation uses agricultural education, health occupations use health sciences education, andtechnical education and trade/industrial education combine to use trade and technical education.With the growth of pre-kindergarten many school districts, CTE, like other subjects, is considered toapply to the entire P-12 learning continuum.]CTE learning experiences provide students with career awareness and the skills needed for employmentor further educational opportunities. CTE programs prepare students for life after high school.Content Area DefinitionsFollowing are definitions of the six CTE content areas in New York State.Agricultural education teaches students about careers related to agriculture, food, fiber, naturalresources and about the science and technology of plant and animal production and/or aboutenvironmental systems.Business and marketing education covers the fields of administration, finance, marketing, andmanagement. Course content includes communications, information systems/technology, accounting,economics, entrepreneurship, international business, management and law, and interpersonal andleadership skills.June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors6
Family and consumer sciences education includes instruction in three broad learning strands: foods andnutrition; human services and family studies; and textiles and design. Individual course content focuseson human development, personal and family finance, housing and interior design, food science,nutrition and wellness, textiles and apparel, and consumer issues.Health sciences education prepares students for careers and postsecondary studies or employment inhealthcare fields including; nursing, nurse assisting, home health aide; emergency medical services;medical assisting and medical laboratory technician; dental assisting and dental laboratory technician;ophthalmic dispensing; pharmacy assisting; and physical therapy aide.Technology education prepares students for STEM-related postsecondary studies and careers, includingengineering, technology, design, and applied aspects of science and mathematics.Trade and technical education prepares students for postsecondary studies or initial employment in awide range of trade occupations including carpentry, masonry, electrical, and constructionmanagement; automotive technology; heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems; computeraided drafting and manufacturing, security, and cosmetology. It includes training for apprentice trades,technical occupations, and other industrial and service occupations.Availability of Career and Technical EducationThe requirements mandating public school districts to make CTE instruction available to all New YorkState students are specified in both New York State legislation and the Regulations of the Commissionerof Education.Education Law: Article 93§ 4602. Career education.1. The board of education of each school district shall provide secondary school pupils andadults access to programs of career education, commensurate with the interests andcapabilities of those desiring and having a need for preparatory training, retraining orupgrading for employment, and develop realistic programs in accord with manpower needsin existing and emerging occupations for present and projected employment opportunities.2. Career education programs and classes shall be organized and conducted by boards ofeducation or arranged through shared services as provided boards of cooperativeeducational services, in accordance with the rules of the board of regents and theregulations of the commissioner of education. Boards of education that are designated bythe commissioner as major career education providers shall submit to the commissionerevery two years, no later than the date specified by the commissioner, a career educationprogram plan, in a form specified by the commissioner, which shall be revised annually.3. Programs may include pre-vocational activities, career classes, apprentice relatedinstruction, cooperative education, work experience, continuing adult career education, andother effective means of preparation and of upgrading employment capabilities. Classes forout-of-school youth sixteen years of age and over and for adults may be conducted duringthe day and evening.June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors7
4. The board of education of each school district maintaining programs in career education,practical arts, vocational and educational guidance, or continuing career education foradults has full power and authority:a. To employ properly certified directors, supervisors, principals, teachers and counselors andassign them to serve in the schools and classes authorized by this article.b. To establish approved courses of study.c. To purchase or acquire sites and grounds; to purchase, acquire, lease or construct and torepair suitable shops and buildings or to arrange for shared services.d. To purchase necessary machinery, tools, apparatus, books and supplies.[Note: The law uses several historical terms like career education, practical arts, and vocational, allof which refer to what is now known as career and technical education.]CR Part 100.2(h), General School RequirementsAvailability of career and technical education and arts sequences.All public-school districts shall offer students the opportunity to complete a three- or five-unitsequence in each of the following areas: career and technical education and the arts.1. All public-school districts shall offer students the opportunity to begin an approved sequencein the arts in grade nine.2. All public-school districts shall offer students the opportunity to begin an approved careerand technical education sequence in grade nine. Only those career and technical educationsequences which have been approved by the commissioner may be used to fulfill therequirements for a diploma set forth in section 100.5 of this Part.3. For students first entering grade nine in 1985 and thereafter, each approved career andtechnical education sequence shall include a minimum of one unit of credit in Introduction toOccupations [now called Career and Financial Management, .5 credit], to be offered at anypoint in the sequence.4. For students first entering grade nine in 1988 and thereafter, approved sequences of threeunits of credit in a career and technical education subject shall be so organized that theymay be extended into approved sequences of five units of credit or more without loss ofcredit.5. For students first entering grade nine in 1988 and thereafter, approved sequences of fiveunits of credit or more in career and technical education shall prepare students for bothemployment and postsecondary education and shall be satisfactory to the commissioner.6. All public-school districts shall offer students the opportunity to meet the learning standardsin technology. Districts shall choose one or more options to meet this requirement pursuantto section 100.5 of this Part.June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors8
Dual Enrollment: Services to Students in Nonpublic SchoolsUnder Section 3602-c of Education Law, students in nonpublic schools may also enroll in public school asoccupational [CTE] students, gifted students, or students with disabilities.Dual enrollment does not in any way jeopardize the student’s enrollment in the nonpublic school nordoes it involve the student’s registration in a public school. Through a request for participation in a dualenrollment program, a student is considered enrolled in the public school, but no formal registration inthe public school is required. In order to arrange for participation in an education program, the parentsof a nonpublic school student must file a written request with the board of education of the district inwhich the pupil resides. June 1 is the deadline for these requests.Further information on this provision in education law is available in the Handbook on Services to PupilsAttending Nonpublic Schools.Characteristics of Career and Technical Education ProgramsElements of an effective CTE program include: appropriately certified CTE teachers who remain current within their professiona sequence of courses that prepares students for employment or postsecondary studya work-based learning opportunitya business and industry consultant committee that provides input into the programan opportunity to apply academic concepts to real-world situationsthe opportunity to earn college credit for college-level high school programspreparation for industry-standards based student assessmentsan opportunity to use the most current business/industry-based technologiesan opportunity to achieve the career majors standard (CDOS Standard 3b)an active CTE student leadership organization (CTSO) to promote leadership and serviceJune 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors9
Chapter 2: Student Learning StandardsCareer and technical education is a pre-kindergarten through adult area of study that includes rigorousacademic content closely aligned with career and technical subject matter. It uses the New York Statelearning standards of Career Development and Occupational Studies (CDOS) as a framework(Commissioner's Regulations 100.1(l)).The CTE learning continuum begins in pre-school or elementary school with classroom activitiesintended for career awareness, proceeds through the middle level with required coursework aimed atcareer exploration and progresses on to high school with the goal of career development and planningin preparation for postsecondary education and the workplace. The CTE learning continuum preparesstudents to become successful adults who are independent learners who can acquire the skills that willbe required in future careers.The New York State learning standards for grades P-12 were developed to assure that all studentsachieve a high level of knowledge and the ability to apply that knowledge in real-world situations.Standards-based education addresses two types of standards: content and performance. Contentstandards identify what students should know and be able to do. Performance standards identify levelsof achievement in relation to the content standards.Career Development and Occupational Studies Learning StandardsThe Career Development and Occupational Studies learning standards provide students the opportunityto learn about work as they become familiar with ways to use academic and technical knowledge tosolve real-world problems.Standard 1Career DevelopmentStudents will be knowledgeable about the world of work, explorecareer options, and relate personal skills, aptitudes, and abilities tofuture career decisions.Standard 2Integrated LearningStudents will demonstrate how academic knowledge and skills areapplied in the workplace and other settings.Standard 3aUniversal Foundation SkillsStudents will demonstrate mastery of the foundation skills andcompetencies essential for success in the workplace.Standard 3bCareer MajorsStudents who choose a career major will acquire the career-specifictechnical knowledge/skills necessary to progress toward gainfulemployment, career advancement, and success in postsecondaryprograms.See the New York State Education Department website for more information on the CDOS standards.June 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors10
Academic StandardsWhen integrating academics such as English language arts, mathematics, science, or social studies intoCTE programs, current academic learning standards approved by the New York State Board of Regentsmust be used.Following are links to current academic standards.English Language ArtsMathematicsScienceSocial StudiesCareer ClustersCTE Instruction in New York is offered in six separate subject areas. Agricultural education Business and marketing education Family and consumer sciences education Health sciences education Technology education Trade and technical educationAnother organizing structure used by the CTE community is the National Career Clusters Framework.The 16 Career Clusters, also used by the U.S. Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Education todefine career fields, provide the detail (i.e., information about the 79 career pathways within the largercluster framework) that gives program planners a better idea of how to align CTE programs of study tolabor market conditions.The 16 Career Clusters22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.9.10.11.Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesArchitecture & ConstructionArts, A/V Technology & CommunicationsBusiness Management & AdministrationEducation & TrainingFinanceGovernment & Public AdministrationHealth ScienceHospitality & TourismHuman ServicesInformation TechnologyJune 2020 New York State Guidelines for CTE Administrators and School Counselors11
188.8.131.52.16.Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityManufacturingMarketingScience, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsTransportation, Distribution & LogisticsNew York State CTE Content Areas alignment with the 16 Career ClustersAgricultural education aligns with:Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesEducation & TrainingBusiness and marketing education aligns with:Business Management & AdministrationFinanceGovernment & Public AdministrationHospitality & TourismInformation TechnologyLaw, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityMarketingFamily and consumer sciences education aligns with:Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesArchitecture & ConstructionArts, A/V Technology & CommunicationsEducation & TrainingFinanceHealth ScienceHospitality & TourismHuman ServicesMarketingScience, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsHealth science education aligns with:Education & TrainingHealth ScienceHuman ServicesTechnology education aligns with:Architecture & ConstructionArts, A/V Technology & CommunicationsInformation TechnologyManufacturingScience, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsTransportation, Distribution & LogisticsTrade and technical educ
EDUCATION DEPARTMENT Knowledge Skill Opportunity . NEW YORK STATE CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION . GUIDELINES FOR CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION ADMINISTRATORS AND SCHOOL COUNSELORS . June 2020 EDITION . The University of the State of New York/The State Education Department Office of Career and Technical Education Albany, New York 12234
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