Department Of The Army *TRADOC Pam 600-4 - Electric Scotland

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Department of the ArmyHeadquarters, United States ArmyTraining and Doctrine CommandFort Monroe, Virginia 23651-1047*TRADOC Pam 600-423 December 2008Personnel - GeneralINITIAL ENTRY TRAINING SOLDIER’S HANDBOOKFOR THE COMMANDER:OFFICIAL:DAVID P. VALCOURTLieutenant General, U.S. ArmyDeputy Commanding General/Chief of StaffHistory. This pamphlet is a rapid action revision. The portions affected bythis rapid action revision are listed in the summary of change.Summary. This pamphlet updates information that is intended for theprofessional development of all initial entry Soldiers.Applicability. This pamphlet is intended as a pocket reference for all initialentry Soldiers and Reserve Officer Training Corps Cadets. You will needexpertise in its many subject areas to conduct yourself professionallythrough IET and beyondProponent and exception authority. The proponent of this pamphlet isthe Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3/5/7. The proponent has the authority toapprove exceptions or waivers to this pamphlet that are consistent withcontrolling law and regulations. The proponent may delegate this approvalauthority in writing, to a division chief with the proponent agency or itsdirect reporting unit or field-operating agency, in the grade of colonel or thecivilian equivalent. Activities may request a waiver to this pamphlet byproviding justification that includes a full analysis of the expected benefitsand must include formal review by the activity’s senior legal officer. Allwaiver requests will be endorsed by the commander or senior leader of the*This pamphlet supersedes TRADOC Pamphlet 600-4, dated 4 September 2007.

TRADOC Pam 600-4requesting activity and forwarded through higher headquarters to the policyproponents. provisions.Suggested improvements. Users send comments and suggestedimprovements on Department of the Army (DA) Form 2028(Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly toDeputy Chief of Staff, G-3/5/7 (ATTG-TRI-II), 5 Fenwick Road, FortMonroe, VA 23651-1047.Distribution. This publication is available only on the TRADOCHomepage at of ChangeTRADOC Pam 600-4Initial Entry Training Soldier’s HandbookThis rapid action revision, dated 23 December 2008.oUpdates Army Values poster (para 2-6).o Updates picture of Medal of Honor winner SFC Paul R. Smith(para 2-6).oAdds outcomes based training (para 2-8).oAdds Soldier’s Prayer (para 2-9).oAdds ethical decisionmaking (para 3-18).oRemoves the individual supported fighting position (para 5-2).o Adds basic firing positions; prone supported, prone unsupported andkneeling position (para 5-2).oAdds weapons status (para 5-5).oAdds weapons clearing (para 5-6).oRemoves M9 pistol (para 6-5).oRemoves MK 19 machine gun (para 6-10).oUpdates combative principles (para 7-1).oAdds dominant fighting positions pictures (para 7-2).oRemoved vital targets (figures 7-1 and 7-2).oRemoved vital targets and strike effects (tables 7-1 and 7-2).oAdds key to defeating improvised explosive device threats (para 8-9).oAdds identifying improvised explosive devices (para 8-10).oUpdates composite risk management (chapter 9).ii

TRADOC Pam 600-4Rapid action revision, dated 4 September 2007.oAdds to Army history (para 1-1).oAdds interacting with media (para 1-19).oUpdates grade abbreviations (table 1-4).oUpdates customs and courtesies, saluting, cell phones, (para 1-8).o Updates rendering honor to the flag, added “The flag when flown athalf-staff (para 1-18(2)g).oAdds My Army Benefits website (para 1-16).oUpdates promotions (para 1-16(3).oAdds stored value card (para 1-17(5).oAdds stored value card picture (figure 1-6).oUpdates Medal of Honor winner, SFC Paul R. Smith (para 2-6(7).oAdds Article 107 (para 3-4(7).oUpdates drill formations (without weapons) picture (fig 4-1).oAdds and clarifies E-4 grade collar and shoulder marks (fig 4-6).o Replaces maintain your nutrition with fueling the body for optimalperformance (para 4-6(11).iii

TRADOC Pam 600-4ContentsPageChapter 1 General Subjects . 11-1. Army history . 11-2. Army heritage and tradition . 21-3. Army organization . 51-4. Chain of command . 61-5. Noncommissioned officer (NCO) support channel . 71-6. Grade insignia . 71-7. Military time. 101-8. Customs and courtesies . 121-9. Role of the chaplain. 161-10. Military quotations . 171-11. Declaration of Independence (extract) . 181-12. Preamble to the Constitution of the United States . 191-13. The Star-Spangled Banner - The National Anthem. 201-14. Pledge of Allegiance . 201-15. Soldier and family benefits . 211-16. Promotions . 251-17. Managing personal finances . 261-18. Leave and earning statement (LES) . 281-19. Public affairs - Interacting with media . 29Chapter 2 Army Values . 322-1. Oath of Enlistment . 322-2. Soldier’s Creed . 322-3. Soldier’s Code . 322-4. Soldier’s responsibilities . 322-5. Warrior Ethos . 332-6. Army Values . 342-7. Code of Conduct . 502-8. Outcomes based training . 50Chapter 3 Standards of Conduct . 533-1. The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) . 533-2. UCMJ: non-judicial punishment . 543-3. UCMJ: courts-martial . 553-4. UCMJ: punitive articles . 563-5. UCMJ: forms of punishment . 583-6. Army Equal Opportunity (EO) Program and policy . 603-7. Military Whistleblowers Protection Act (MWPA) . 613-8. Army policy on relationships between Soldiers . 613-9. Army Sexual Harassment Policy . 633-10. Appropriate behavior. 653-11. Alcohol and drug abuse . 653-12. Consideration of others . 663-13. Homosexual conduct policy . 663-14. Dignity and respect. 67iv

TRADOC Pam 600-43-15. Rape and sexual assault prevention . 683-16. Soldier stress and a resilient attitude: You can make it. 693-17. Suicide prevention . 713-18. Ethical decisionmaking . 723-19. Awards and decorations of the U.S. Army . 743-20. Terrorism . 76Chapter 4 Basic Soldier Skills . 784-1. The buddy system . 784-2. Drill and ceremonies . 784-3. Inspections . 804-4. Personal appearance and uniform . 804-5. Uniform wear and maintenance . 824-6. Personal hygiene . 874-7. Field sanitation and preventive medicine fieldcraft . 924-8. Guard duty: general and special orders . 1154-9. Guard duty: interior and exterior . 1174-10. Guard duty: reacting to an inspecting officer . 1174-11. Guard duty: challenging unknown persons (night) andsummoning the commander of the relief . 118Chapter 5 Rifle Marksmanship. 1205-1. Rifle marksmanship: fundamentals . 1205-2. Rifle marksmanship: firing positions combat applicable trainingcourse (CATC) . 1255-3. Rifle marksmanship: positions of the coach . 1275-4. Rifle marksmanship: checklist for the coach . 1285-5. Weapons status . 1295-6 Weapons clearing . 130Chapter 6 U.S. Weapons . 1326-1. M16-series rifles and M4 series carbines description . 1326-2. M203 grenade launcher. 1446-3. M249 machine gun . 1486-4. M136 AT-4 antitank weapon . 1526-5. Hand grenades. 1566-6. M18A1 claymore mine . 1656-7. M240-B machine gun . 1706-8. Caliber .50 M2 machine gun . 177Chapter 7 Modern Army Combatives . 1847-1. Modern Army combatives principles . 1847-2. Modern Army combatices: dominant body positions . 1857-3. Modern Army combatives: rifle with fixed bayonet . 189Chapter 8 Tactics . 1968-1. Fire team formations . 1968-2. Serve as a member of a team . 1978-3. Squad formations . 1988-4. Fire team/squad movement techniques . 2008-5. Fighting positions . 2038-6. Cover, concealment, and camouflage . 209v

TRADOC Pam 600-48-7. Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, (CBRN) - standardmission oriented protective posture (MOPP). 2168-8. Tactical foot marches and foot care . 2198-9. Key to defeating an improvised explosive device (IED) . 2268-10. Key to identifying an IED . 227Chapter 9 Composite Risk Management (CMR) . 2299-1. Principles of CRM and accident prevention . 2299-2. CRM tracking and documentation . 2349-3. CRM and the individual Soldier . 235AppendixesA. References. 237B. Soldier’s notes . 239Glossary . 258Table ListTable 1-1. The Army Song . 3Table 1-2. Active U.S. Army divisions . 6Table 1-3. My chain of command. 7Table 1-4. MY NCO SUPPORT CHANNEL . 7Table 1-5. Grade abbreviations. 10Table 1-6. Civilian/military time conversion chart . 11Table 1-7. Military quotations . 17Table 6-1. Accessory weapon system matrix . 142Table 6-2. Characteristics of the M16-/M4-series weapons . 142Table 6-3. Characteristics of various accessories for the M16-/M-4 . 143Table 6-4. M203/M203A1 grenade launcher technical data. 146Table 6-5. M249 AR technical data . 150Table 6-6. M136 AT-4 technical data. 155Table 6-7. M67 fragmentation hand grenade. 158Table 6-8. M18 colored smoke hand grenade. 159Table 6-9. AN-M83 HC white smoke hand grenade . 160Table 6-10. ABC-M7A2 and ABC-M73A riot control hand grenades . 161Table 6-11. AN-M14 TH3 incentiary hand grenade . 162Table 6-12. MK3A2 offensive (concussion) hand grenade . 163Table 6-13. M69 practice hand grenade . 164Table 6-14. M84 flash-bang stun hand grenade. 165Table 6-15. M240B machine gun technical data . 172Table 6-16. M240B ammunition and usage. 177Table 6-17. .50 M2 machine gun techincal data . 181Table 8-1. Fire team formation characteristics . 196Table 8-2. Squad formation characteristics . 200Table 8-3. Movement techniques characteristics . 201Table 8-4. Camouflaging skin . 216Table 8-5. Availability and wear of MOPP equipment . 218Table 8-6. Key to defeating an IED . 226Table 8-7. Identifying an IED. 227vi

TRADOC Pam 600-4Figure ListFigure 1-1. General Washington crossing the Delaware River . 5Figure 1-2. Officer insignia . 8Figure 1-3. Warrant officer insignia . 9Figure 1-4. Enlisted insignia . 9Figure 1-5. Military/civilian clock . 11Figure 1-6. Hand salute with visor . 13Figure 1-7. Hand salute with beret or uncovered . 14Figure 1-8. Hand salute with beret and wearing glasses . 14Figure 1-9. Eaglecash Stored Value Card . 27Figure 4-1. Drill formations (without weapons). 79Figure 4-2. Beret, male and female . 82Figure 4-3. Shoulder sleeve insignia of current unit . 83Figure 4-4. Distinguishing insignia . 84Figure 4-5. Grade insignia. 84Figure 4-6. Grade insignia, enlisted . 85Figure 4-7. U.S. and branch insignia, enlisted male . 86Figure 4-8. U.S. and branch insignia, enlisted female . 87Figure 4-9. Trimming of toenails . 90Figure 5-1. Steady position elements . 121Figure 5-2. Correct sight picture . 122Figure 5-3. Prone unsupported showing correct sight alignment . 123Figure 5-4. Breath control . 124Figure 5-5. Trigger squeeze . 124Figure 5-6. Prone unsupported position . 126Figure 5-7. Kneeling firing position . 126Figure 5-8. Seated firing position . 127Figure 5-9. Prone position of coach (right-handed firer). 128Figure 5-10. Weapons status . 129Figure 5-11. Weapons clearing . 130Figure 6-1. M16- and M4-series weapon systems . 133Figure 6-2. M16A2 and M16A3 major assemblies . 134Figure 6-3. M16A4 and M4/M4A1 major assemblies . 135Figure 6-4. Major assemblies for the M16- and M4-series weapons (rightand left views) . 137Figure 6-5. M16 and M4 series weapon system general accessories . 138Figure 6-6. M16 and M4-series weapon system optical accessories . 140Figure 6-7. Approved ammunition . 143Figure 6-8. M4 carbine with M203A1 (left side view) . 144Figure 6-9. M4 carbine with rail system . 144Figure 6-10. Major assemblies of the M203 grenade launcher . 144Figure 6-11. Cartridges for the M203 grenade launcher . 147Figure 6-12. M249 automatic rifle . 148Figure 6-13. M249 AR major assemblies . 149Figure 6-14. Cartridges for the M249 AR . 151Figure 6-15. M136 AT-4 antitank weapon major assemblies . 153Figure 6-16. Effects of M136 AT4 warhead . 155vii

TRADOC Pam 600-4Figure 6-17. Hand grenade components and fuze functioning . 156Figure 6-18. M213, M228, and M201A1 Fuzes (left to right). 157Figure 6-19. M67 Fragmentation hand grenade . 158Figure 6-20. M18 Colored smoke hand grenade . 158Figure 6-21. AN-M83 HC White smoke hand grenade . 159Figure 6-22. ABC-M7A2 and ABC-M7A3 Riot-control hand grenades . 160Figure 6-23. AN-M14 TH3 Incendiary hand grenade . 161Figure 6-24. MK3A2 Offensive (concussion) hand grenade . 162Figure 6-25. M69 practice hand grenade . 163Figure 6-26. M84 flash-bang stun hand grenade . 164Figure 6-27. M18A1 antipersonnel mine (claymore) components . 166Figure 6-28. M18A1 antipersonnel mine and accessories packed in the M7bandoleer . 166Figure 6-29. Danger radius and effects of M18A1 . 167Figure 6-30. Arming and testing the M18A1 claymore mine . 169Figure 6-31. M240B machine gun . 171Figure 6-32. M240B, M122A1 tripod assembly, ammunition adapter, andM24 blank firing attachment . 176Figure 6-33. M240B machine gun ammunition and metallic belt . 177Figure 6-34. Caliber .50 machine gun, M2 mounts . 179Figure 6-35. Caliber .50 machine gun, M2, heavy barrel, M48 flexible type. 180Figure 6-36. Caliber .50 machine gun, M2, heavy barrel, M48 turret type. 180Figure 6-37. Authorized .50 M2 machine gun ammunition . 182Figure 7-1. Back mount . 185Figure 7-2. Front mount. 186Figure 7-3. Guard . 187Figure 7-4. Side control . 188Figure 7-5. Side control . 188Figure 7-6. Attack position . 191Figure 7-7. Relaxed position . 192Figure 7-8. Whirl movement . 193Figure 8-1. Fire team wedge formation . 196Figure 8-2. Fire team file formation . 197Figure 8-3. Rifle squad . 198Figure 8-4. Squad column with fire teams in column . 198Figure 8-5. Squad line . 199Figure 8-6. Squad file . 199Figure 8-7. Squad traveling . 202Figure 8-8. Squad traveling overwatch . 202Figure 8-9. Squad successive and alternating bounds . 203Figure 8-10. Stage 1 - Fighting position preparation . 205Figure 8-11. Stage 2 - Fighting position preparation . 206Figure 8-12. Stage 3 - Fighting position preparation . 206Figure 8-13. Stage 4 - Fighting position preparation . 207Figure 8-14. Hasty fighting position . 208viii

TRADOC Pam 600-4Figure 8-15. One-Soldier fighting position . 208Figure 8-16. Two-Soldier fighting position. 209Figure 8-17. Types of cover . 210Figure 8-18. Troops moving along a ravine . 210Figure 8-19. Fire team dispersed . 213Figure 8-20. Camouflaged Soldiers. 213Figure 8-21. Camouflaged fighting position being improved . 214Figure 8-22. Colors used in camouflage. 215Figure 8-23. Standardized MOPP levels . 217Figure 9-1. CMR process . 230Figure 9-2. Risk assessment matrix . 231ix


TRADOC Pam 600-4Chapter 1General Subjects1-1. Army historya. “Resolved, that a General be appointed to command all thecontinental forces, raised, or to be raised, for the defense of Americanliberty.” The above resolution of the Second Continental Congress on14 June 1775 established the beginnings of the United States (U.S.)Army, as we know it today. The next resolution unanimously selectedGeorge Washington as commanding general of the first ContinentalArmy.b. From Lexington to Trenton to Valley Forge, the Continental Armyproved the critical force in fighting and winning the war for AmericanIndependence (see Declaration of Independence extracts beneathmilitary quotation section). The Army has been the keeper ofAmerican freedom ever since.c. From the outset, civilian control of the military was a governingprinciple of the American system. In 1787, the Constitution placed themilitary under the control of the President. His role as commander-inchief requires every Soldier to follow and obey his orders.d. In 1789, Congress created the Department of War to administer themilitary forces. The Army, now under the direction of the newlycreated cabinet, remained at strength of 60,000 or less from the end ofthe Revolution through the beginning of the Civil War. AlthoughCongress intended that the Regular Army serve only as a supplement tolocal militias, the “regulars” ultimately played the crucial role in boththe War of 1812 and the Mexican War (1846-48).e. In December of 1860, the Army consisted of merely 16,000officers and enlisted men. By 1865, Civil War expansion had increasedthat number to an astounding 1,000,000. Victory for the Union in theCivil War returned the Army to strength of only 25,000 troops.f. An analysis of the Army’s role in the Spanish-American War(1898) revealed deficiencies in the War Department. After becomingSecretary of War in 1899, Elihu Root reorganized and revitalized thedepartment. By the time the Army entered World War I in 1917, it wasat its peak in terms of training and professionalism. Over 2,000,000men followed General John J. Pershing to France as part of theAmerican Expeditionary Force.g. Following victory in the “War to End All Wars,” the Armyremained at strength of approximately 125,000 from 1919 to 1939.However, when Nazi Germany invaded France in 1940, the U.S.Government re-instituted conscription (the draft) and forces balloonedto 1,640,000.h. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 and during theearly 1940s, 8,300,000 men and women were part of a global effort toclaim victory in World War II. From the Pacific Theater and bloodybattles in the Philippines, to the D-Day invasion of Normandy1

TRADOC Pam 600-4on 6 June 1944, American forces fought with courage to preservefreedom for the world.i. Following the fall of the Nazis and the surrender of the Japanese inAugust 1945, the Army again contracted—this time to strength ofapproximately 500,000. Expansions followed during America’sparticipation in the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Though it reduced insize during the interim periods of peace, the Army remained relativelylarge due to the looming presence of the Cold War.j. When the forces of Communism fell in the late 1980s, civilianleaders began to re-evaluate the Army’s role and it again went througha dramatic reduction in size. In 1991, the Army claimed a majorvictory in Desert Storm, defeating the Iraqi forces, the 4th-largestenemy in the world in 100 hours, and liberating the country of Kuwait.The Army also had a crucial role in bringing peace to many areas ofconflict worldwide, as well as continuing to protect and advanceAmerican interests, throughout the 1990’s.k. The deadly terrorist attacks of 9/11/2001 on the U.S. brought theArmy into a new era of global warfare against terrorism, and thepersons and states, which supported these attacks on our Nation. InAfghanistan, the Taliban reign of terror was overthrown in OperationEnduring Freedom. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Armydefeated the Iraqi forces completely, and ended the regime of SaddamHussein. In these two countries, the Army is continuing efforts torestore stability and establish democracy. No matter how the Armychanges or what the specific mission may be, the Soldier’s role neverchanges: to support and defend the Constitution of the U.S. against allenemies, foreign and domestic.1-2. Army heritage and traditiona. The Army song. "The Army Goes Rolling Along" is the officialArmy song. The words are shown in table 1-1. While played, it isproper to stand at attention. Known originally as, “The Caisson Song”,the music was composed in 1908 by Lieutenant Edmund L. Gruber(who eventually rose to the gra

Department of the Army *TRADOC Pam 600-4 . Headquarters, United States Army . Training and Doctrine Command . Fort Monroe, Virginia 23651-1047 . 23 December 2008 . *This pamphlet supersedes TRADOC Pamphlet 600-4, dated 4 September 2007. TRADOC Pam 600-4 ii requesting activity and forwarded through higher headquarters to the policy proponents.

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