Diagnostic Medical Sonography Student Handbook 2021 - 2022

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HCC DMS Student HandbookDIAGNOSTIC MEDICALSONOGRAPHY STUDENTHANDBOOK2021 - 2022Revision History: Version 2.0 (August 20, 2021) Version 1.9 (July 18, 2019) Version 1.8 (August 23, 2018). 1.7 (July, 2017). Version 1.6(December 7, 2016). Version 1.5 (August 10, 2016). Version 1.4 (June 8, 2016). Version 1.3 (July 1, 2015). Version 1.2 (January 29,2015). Version 1.1 (January 07, 2015). Version 1.0(July 29, 2014).2021-2022Page 1 1

HCC DMS Student HandbookTable of ContentsIntroduction . 5Howard Community College Leadership . 6DMS Program Instruction Team . 6I.Program Information - DMS . 7Mission Statement . 7Program Description . 7Program Accreditation . 7Program Goals . 7SCANS Competencies . 8Application and Admission . 10Admission procedures and criteria: . 10Transfer of Course Credit from Other Institutions . 11New Student Orientation . 11Curricula/Course Descriptions. 11Costs Estimate (Tuition and Fees) . 11Computer Access / Email / Skills . 12Announcements . 12Course and Exam Schedules . 12DMS Course Grading Scales . 13Student Records . 13Permanent records . 13Access to records . 14Maintenance and Access of Records . 14Classrooms and Labs . 14Program concentration and selection . 15Didactic Education . 15Clinical Education . 15Clinical Rotations . 16Sonography Lab Sessions . 17Sonography Student Peer Scanning. 18Benchmark Levels AAS Degree Plans . 20II.General Policies and Procedures. 23Policies and Procedures . 23Academic Dishonesty . 232021-2022Page 2 2

HCC DMS Student HandbookStudent Complaint Procedure . 26Sexual and/or Racial Harassment Complaints . 26Grade Change Policies and Procedures . 26Family Education Rights and Privacy Act . 26Clinical/Practicum Policies Professional Behavior . 27DMS Program Dress Code . 27Professional Ethics and Confidentiality . 27Safe/Unsafe Clinical/Practicum Practices . 27Progressive Discipline . 28Health and Safety Information . 29Professional Risks . 29TB Testing and CPR Requirements . 29Vaccines. 30Health Insurance . 30Accidents/Exposure . 30Accident Insurance . 30Exposure Response. 30HIPAA . 30Latex Allergy . 31Security Screening . 31Drug Screening: . 31Criminal Background Screening: . 31Period of Validity . 31Positive Drug Screen . 31Confidentiality of Records . 31III.Program Policies and Procedures - DMS . 32Technical Standards and Essential Functions . 32DMS Program Technical Standards and Essential Functions. 32Professional Behavior . 33Sonography Programs Conduct Standards. 34Sonography Chain of Command . 34Electronic Devices . 35Sonography Programs Progression/Retention/Re-Admission . 35Sonography Student Retention . 35Affective Domain Performance Notification . 35Re-Admission Policy . 36Program Attendance. 37Student Work and Educational Schedule. 37Clinical Attendance . 37Call-In Procedure for Clinical Absence . 37Reporting of Serious Illness/Injury . 38Sonography Clinical Rules . 382021-2022Page 3 3

HCC DMS Student HandbookRequired Clinical Attire . 39Clinical Reporting Requirements . 40Case Logs . 41Required Scanning Experiences. 41Clinical Evaluations . 41Clinical Evaluation Tools . 42Off-Campus Clinical Volunteer Scanning . 42Donated Case Study. 42Sonography Student Pregnancy Policy . 42Student Working as Staff . 44Student Visiting the Clinical Site (non-assigned) . 44Student Use of Ultrasound Equipment (non-assigned) . 44Awards . 44Health Sciences Division Award. 44Lambda Nu Honor Society . 45Criteria . 45Invitation . 45Application . 45Induction . 45Graduation Requirements . 46American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS) . 46Letter of Recommendation. 47IV.DMS Program Student Resources . 47Important Phone Numbers . 47Sonography Profession Resources. 48Sonographer Credentialing . 49Program Development and Content Resources . 49DMS Program Student Practices . 50Frequently Asked Questions . 50Appendix . 58Appendix 1A . 58Appendix . 60Appendix 1B . 60Forms . 60-712021-2022Page 4 4

HCC DMS Student HandbookIntroductionThe Howard Community College (HCC) Diagnostic Medical Sonography (DMS) Student Handbookhas been compiled by the faculty to provide information pertinent to students enrolled in allconcentrations of the DMS Program offered at HCC. The faculty and staff wish you success in thepursuit of your educational goals.The DMS Student Handbook provides detailed procedures and policies specific to allconcentrations of the DMS Program offered by HCC. This handbook is used as a supplement tothe 2021-2022 HCC Catalog and the HCC Student Handbook, and serves to bridge the overridingpolicies of the College with the policies specific to this program. The information, policies andprocedures set forth in this handbook are designed to support the success of the student and areprovided to the student during the DMS Program New Student Orientation.A copy of the 2021-2022 HCC Catalog or HCC Student Handbook is available on campus or maybe downloaded from the HCC website at: www.howardcc.edu. Continuing DMS Program studentswill receive an updated or revised copy of the DMS Student Handbook at the start of the Academicyear (Fall semester).The DMS Program is just one of the programs within the Health Sciences Division. The HealthSciences Division is comprised of the following programs: Cardiovascular Technology, DentalHygiene, Diagnostic Medical Sonography, Emergency Medical Services, Exercise Science, HealthCare for the Professional, Human Services, Medical Laboratory Technician, Nursing, PhysicalTherapist Assistant, Radiologic Technology, Exercise Science, Human Services, Nutrition, andPublic Health. The Health Sciences Division is committed to providing quality educational programsfor the purpose of developing successful health care professionals. Developing caring, competenthealth care professionals prepared for diverse contemporary practice requires interactions withpatients and patient services, thereby resulting in an educational environment with uniquecharacteristics and requirements.The Health Sciences programs prohibit discrimination. Access to its programs or activities shall notbe limited on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, age, gender, sexual orientation,political affiliation, or disability.2021-2022Page 5 5

HCC DMS Student HandbookHoward Community College LeadershipVice President of Academic AffairsHealth Sciences Division ChairAllied Health Clinical CoordinatorDr. Jean SvacinaDr. Georgene ButlerMr. Dwayne LewisDMS Program Instruction TeamDMS Program ChairDr. Sepideh Abdollahzadeh, DHSc, RDMSHealth Sciences Center, Rm 224(443) 518-3430DMS Clinical CoordinatorBeth Hendler-Friedman, BS, RVTHealth Sciences Center Rm 228(443) 518-3409bhendlerfriedman@howardcc.eduDMS Vascular/Cardiac Concentration Coordinator & FacultyChante Robertson, MAED, RVS, RCSHealth Sciences Center Rm 310(443) 518-3246crobertson@howardcc.eduDMS General Track AdjunctRaminder Singh, MS, RDMS (AB, OB/GYN)Health Sciences Center Rm 263rsingh2@howardcc.eduDMS General Clinical Site VisitorEnna Mirza, RDMS, RVTemirza@howardcc.eduDMS Cardiac Clinical Site VisitorJherika Leslie, BSN/RN, RDCSjleslie@howardcc.eduOpen Scan Lab Adjunct Faculty2021-2022Page 6 6

HCC DMS Student HandbookI. Program Information - DMSMission StatementIn keeping with the mission and the vision of HCC, the DMS program is committed to providingstudents with a well-rounded education in the General (Abdominal Extended and Ob/Gyn), Cardiac,and Vascular concentrations of sonography. The DMS program includes instruction in sonographicpractices and principles and basic to advanced medical imaging skills intended to prepare the studentfor employment in the field of diagnostic medical ultrasound. The DMS Program faculty is committedto assisting the student toward achieving their greatest academic, personal, and professionalpotential through quality instruction and rigorous coursework.Program DescriptionThe DMS Program is offered as an associate of applied science degree. The length of the AASdegree plan is 4 major and 2 minor semesters. The DMS Program is designed to prepare entrylevel sonographers for employment in imaging departments, radiology, cardiology and/or vascularoffices and specialty practices. The program utilizes nationally published course manuals,standards, and outcomes in the development of sonography courses in the curricula. Thesereference materials are listed in the Appendix of this document.Program AccreditationThe DMS program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health EducationPrograms (CAAHEP) with the recommendation from the Joint Review Committee on Education inDiagnostic Medical Sonography (JRC-DMS).Students are encouraged to review this document, which is available upon request from the DMSDepartment Chair or at www.caahep.org.Program GoalsThe following goals of the HCC DMS Program respond to the expectations of the communities ofinterest served by the Program: students, graduates, faculty, employers (institutions andphysicians), patients, HCC, and the profession of Sonography. Achievement of goals are assessedthrough annual Program outcome data (graduate and employer surveys, ARDMS exam pass rates,and employment rates) which is reviewed relative to the MHEC Guidelines for Programs inWorkforce Investment Act (WIA), the HCC Curriculum and Instruction Committee, and the JRCDMS Annual Report. On-going assessment of course content and structure is performed by theDMS Program faculty through the use of end-of-course evaluations.2021-2022Page 7 7

HCC DMS Student HandbookThe goals of the HCC DMS Program are:1. Preparation To prepare competent entry-level sonographers, in the cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor(skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains for abdominal sonography-extended. To prepare competent entry-level sonographers, in the cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor(skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains for obstetrics and gynecology sonography. To prepare competent entry-level adult cardiac sonographers, in the cognitive (knowledge),psychomotor (skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains. To prepare competent entry-level vascular technologists, in the cognitive (knowledge),psychomotor (skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains.2. To produce skilled medical sonographers who actively apply acceptable principles andtechniques within the fields of General, Cardiac, and Vascular sonography throughout theircareers.3. To produce graduates eligible to apply, take and pass the ARDMS, the ARRT, and/or the CCIspecialty certification exams upon completion of the Program.4. To maintain high academic and professional standards in students and graduates.5. To maintain standards for program accreditation from the JRC-DMS.6. To provide for student retention during the program using a variety of methods and resources.7. To serve as a resource for the clinical agencies in the Howard County area.Student Learning outcomes: Program goals are based upon student learning outcomes. Withineach concentration, at the end of the program students are able to:1. Identify and demonstrate the legal and ethical aspects and responsibilities of the sonographer.2. Prepare the patient for the sonographic examinations based upon the appropriate specialty.3. Demonstrate proper instrumentation of ultrasound equipment and proper scanning techniquesand protocols of human body organs.Demonstrate preparation for the ARDMS Registry examination of the area of study.4. Demonstrate how sonographic instruments work.5. Identify anatomical structures in the different sectional planes and compare the changes due tothe pathology to normal anatomy.SCANS CompetenciesIn 1991, the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Labor established the Secretary's Commission onAchieving Necessary Skills (SCANS). The Commission found that, "Current and future employeeswill have to read well enough to understand and interpret diagrams, directories, correspondence,manuals, records, charts, graphs, tables, and specifications.” Integration of the SCANScompetencies in both academic and vocational/technical classes will help to prepare students tofunction more effectively in high school, in college, and in the high-level technological workplace.The know-how identified by SCANS is made up of five competencies and a three-part foundation ofskills and personal qualities that are needed for solid academic or job performance. SCANScompetencies and examples applicable to the Sonography Programs are shown in the followingtable:2021-2022Page 8 8

HCC DMS Student HandbookSCANS Competencies ExamplesSCANSCompetenciesExamples1.0 Resources1.1 Manages Time 1.4 Manages Material and Facility ResourcesCompletes all assignments within specified timeframe; maintains appropriate attendance in allcourses.Uses appropriate amounts of supplies inperforming sonographic studies. 2.1 Participates as a Member of a Team2.0 Interpersonal2.2 Teaches Others2.3 Serves Clients/Customers2.6 Works with Cultural Diversity 3.1 Acquires and Evaluates Information3.0 Information 3.2 Organizes and Maintains Information 4.0 Systems4.1 Understands Systems4.2 Monitors and Corrects performance 5.1 Selects Technology5.2Applies Technology to Talk5.0 Technology5.3 Maintains/Troubleshoots Technology 6.16.0 Basic Skills ReadingWritingMathematicsListeningSpeaking 2021-2022Participates with the on-site clinical instructorand other members of the health care team toprovide optimum patient care.Provides pre- and post-procedure instructions topatient, explains procedure process to patient,participates in peer-teachingThe sonography student communicatesappropriately and effectively at all times withpatients, families, staff, sonographers andphysicians in the clinical setting.Correlates patient history, laboratory data,related studies and surgical procedures to theperformance of the ultrasound exam; recognizesincorrect exam orders and alerts staffsonographer.Produce a written technical report ofsonographic findings, appearances and/ormeasurements as required.Applies technical settings using ultrasoundmachine controls to produce diagnostic qualityimages.Self-critiques images and views; adjusts imagingparameters as needed to produce diagnosticquality exams.Selects appropriate transducer and softwaresettings for required sonographic exam.Uses appropriate technical and medial terms.Assess ultrasound unit performance andcompensates for technical difficulties duringprocedure.Completes writing assignments and internetsearches of assigned topics.Able to perform calculations required inultrasound physics and specialty courses.Able to interview patient to obtain informationand history as related to the sonographicexamination.Able to provide verbal reports on sonographicfindings using clear and concise Englishlanguage.Page 9 9

HCC DMS Student Handbook7.27.37.0 Thinking Skills7.47.57.6Decision MakingProblem SolvingMental VisualizationKnowing How to LearnReasoning 8 -esteemSociabilitySelf-ManagementIntegrity/Honesty Correlates patient information and patientcondition with the requirements for thediagnostic ultrasound exam; adjusts scanningtechniques as needed.Correctly identify pathological conditionsdemonstrated on sonographic images andadapts exam as needed.Creates a study plan and seeks assistance witheducational goals as needed.Decide which formulas to apply given variousparameters.Manage personal time and activities as not tointerfere with lecture or lab class sessions,assignments or activities.Identifies and acknowledges scanning strengthsand weaknesses.Displays enthusiasm for profession; displays apleasant demeanor in all settings.Maintains confidentiality of personal and clinicalinformation.Complies with all ACC, Program and ClinicalAffiliate policies, procedures and rules.Application and AdmissionHealth Sciences admission requirements vary according to program and may include specifictesting, prerequisites, immunizations, criminal background checks, and screening (including, butnot limited to substance abuse screening). Students seeking information for any Health Sciencesprogram should contact the Office of Admissions and Advising or the Health Science Office.Interested individuals can obtain a DMS program brochure describing the program by contactingthe Health Sciences division office, searching the HCC website, and/or by visiting the Office ofAdmissions and Advising at HCC. Program specific information is found on the DMS icalSonography.html and is provided during the DMS programInformation sessions (online or on-campus). Application for admission to HCC is a separateprocess which must be completed prior to applying to the DMS Program. Please see the HCCwebsite (www.howardcc.edu) for the HCC Admission Process.The number of students accepted into the DMS program each year is determined by the number ofappropriate clinical sites (sites that meet CAAHEP programmatic accreditation Standards

DIAGNOSTIC MEDICAL SONOGRAPHY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2021 - 2022 Revision History: Version 2.0 (August 20, 2021) Version 1.9 (July 18, 2019) Version 1.8 (August 23, 2018). 1.7 (July, 2017). . The Howard Community College (HCC) Diagnostic Medical Sonography (DMS) Student Handbook has been compiled by the faculty to provide information pertinent to .

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within this handbook throughout their educational experience. Whenever possible, data from the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (SDMS), the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM), the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS), and the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) has been included.

behaviors are not recognized by an organization’s formal reward and recognition systems. Importantly though, Ramamoorthy et al. (2005) concluded that tendencies to engage in these extra-role behaviors can lead to enhanced team and organizational effectiveness and superior performance. Driven by the assumption that employees’ innovative work behavior contributes positively to work outcomes .