Digital Literacy In Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum Guide

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Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 1Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science:A Curriculum GuideLogan PetlakPrefaceThis document was developed as an addition to the Saskatchewan ScienceCurriculum. Any individuals planning on using this document are stronglyrecommended to familiarize themselves with the aims and goals, cross-curricularcompetencies, broad areas of learning, and elements of “an effective scienceeducation program” found in the curriculum. The resources tend towards seniorscience courses.Additionally, this document was made in association with the DigitalCitizenship Education in Saskatchewan Schools policy planning guide and it isstrongly recommended that individuals familiarize themselves with its content asmany connections and references will be made to that document throughout thisresource.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 2Table of Contents1. Rationale .3a. Scientific Literacy and Digital Citizenship 3,4b. How to Use This Resource .42. Science Connections .5a. Indigenous Knowledge & Place-Based Narratives 5b. Connections to Science Curriculum 5,6c. Educator Philosophies and Practices 7d. Challenges of Media and Science Literacy 7,83. Recommended Digital Citizenship Resources 9a. Digital Citizenship Continuum for Courses 9b. Digital Citizenship and Science Resources 94. Course-Specific Lessons a. Health Science 20 Topic: Nutritionb. Environmental Science 20 Topic: Atmospheric Systems - Climate Changec. Biology 30 Topic: Evolution5. Acknowledgements .Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide1010101010

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 3RationaleScientific LiteracyScientific literacy is the goal of K-12 science education in Saskatchewan, thisis evidenced in the “Aims and Goals” section from the Environmental Science 20curriculum below.Digital Citizenship: Digital LiteracyDigital Literacy, Access, Communication, Etiquette, Law, Rights &Responsibilities, Health & Wellness, and Security all are applicable to the utilizationof digital citizenship practices in a science classroom. Each of these connect tocertain aspects of the foundations of scientific literacy (this is covered later in thisdocument), however digital literacy most accurately depicts the range ofapplications of digital citizenship to a science classroom.Digital literacy involves the “process of teaching and learning abouttechnology and the use of technology” and is one of Ribble’s Nine Elements ofDigital Citizenship most specifically associated with scientific literacy.Digital literacy represents an essential component of scientific literacy in adigitally connected world. Much of the information available related to science in the21st century is widely available online, however the means in which it is madeavailable to citizens is through media outlets and websites that may possesssubjective bias or is not available without paid access.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 4Digital literacy connects to the broad areas of learning in the Saskatchewancurriculum that seeks to establish lifelong learners and engaged citizens who have asense of self, community, and place. Scientifically literate students can utilizeelements of digital citizenship to continue learning and respond to a changing sociopolitical world climate to make decisions that are inclusive of the connectedcommunity online.Additionalinformation ondigital citizenshipeducation can befound in The DigitalCitizenship inSaskatchewanSchools PolicyPlanning Guide.This document highlights the role of schools, educators, and other investedparties to embrace and integrate digital technologies to pursue “responsible usepolicies” as opposed to “acceptable use policies” (see above) towards digitalcitizenship in classrooms.How to use this ResourceThis guide Is best-used as a resource or tool to provide science educators and learnerswith information on organically including digital citizenship into their scienceclassrooms based on the Saskatchewan science curriculum.Provides connections to curriculum, explanation of what exactly digitalcitizenship explanation is, suggestions of philosophies and lessons toincorporate in senior science classrooms.Is not a policy or guideline for all educators to practice in their classrooms –it is merely a suggestion given the interpretation of the SaskatchewanCurriculum and the Digital Citizenship Education in Saskatchewan Schoolsdocument.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 5Science ConnectionsIndigenous Knowledge, Place-Based Narratives and Science EducationIndigenous knowledge involvesknowledge systems that are a part of cultures.Extending our availability to different cultures,place, and settings is a means to achieve this.Different settings require diverse stylesof instruction and means to engage students.Educators should provide a variety ofperspectives on topics related to digitalcitizenship in their science classrooms. Thisincludes incorporating Ways of Knowing and varied assessment strategies thatallow for students to best-represent their understanding of content covered in thecourses. This can be made possible through the utilization of social media toevaluate and consider multiple perspectives beyond a students’ particular place andmay serve to overcome divisional financial barriers in achieving this (throughmaking connections online rather than requesting funding to physically haveindividuals present). Storytelling and the value of narratives to scientific literacyincrease in availability when using digital resources responsibly.The Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls toRecommended OnlineAction calls for “improving education attainment levelsCree Languageand success rates”, “parental involvement” andEducator: Bill Cook“culturally appropriate curricula” both of which may be(Website, YouTube)accomplished through digital citizenship education withscientific literacy. This can serve to improve First Nationstudent learning sense of place by improved networking with educators or otherstudents involved in indigenous education (such as language education).Connections to Science CurriculumThe Saskatchewan Science Curriculum calls upon educators to foster thedevelopment of “Scientifically Literate Students” through achieving growth in thefoundational areas of scientific literacy. All of foundations are realizable through thepractice and utilization of digital citizenship in a science classroom. Thesefoundations and their connections are listed below.a. Attitudes – appreciation, interest, inquiry, collaboration, safety andstewardship all are enhanced through the utilization of digital citizenshipprinciples when allowing students to pursue content that relates to thecourse but is more relevant to their context. They can connect and learn withothers using social media and search engines.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 6b. STSE Interrelationships – staying up to date on relationships betweendigital technology and their relationship to science is an ongoing process.Additional, utilization of social media allows for constant analysis on thesocial and environmental contexts in which science occurs in our world.c. Scientific Skills and Processes – planning, recording, analyzing, andcommunication are all essential aspects of practicing science that can beachieved through the establishment of online learning communities usinglearning management systems (LMS) such as Google Classroom.d. Scientific Knowledge – students are able to pursue knowledge pertainingto course content online potentially using peer-reviewed texts or otherreputable sources to further their understandings.A scientifically literate student can achieve all aspects of this throughresponsible utilization of the digital world. Many of the elements of digitalcitizenship fit into certain areas of the “scientifically literate student” visual asevidenced below with their location on the visual based on strongest affiliation witheach of the foundations of scientific literacy.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideEducator Philosophies & PracticesEducators are encouraged to adoptcertain approaches in their classroom that maybe explored with students that extend beyondthe scope of the Saskatchewan Curriculum(Attitudes and STSE) to create scientificallyliterate students.Logan Petlak - 7Science Educator Philosophy Blogsand Recommended Readings--One of an Infinite Means toApproach Science, Education,and the Universe – Logan PetlakTowards a PosthumanistEducation – Snaza et. AlThis includes:----Incorporating elements of open education using free-to-use, copyright-freeresources with support from websites like Creative Commons, or through theutilization of free resources (and textbooks) such as OpenStax, ECampusOntario, OpenTextBC. This views knowledge and learning as a natural part ofscience and the universe that should be available to all individuals interestedin learning.Development of a personal learning network using contemporary resourcesspecifically in following contemporary figures in STSE-related social mediacircles.Questioning and deconstruction of society through the lens of critical theoryto recognize influences on an individual, community and species capacity tointerpret perspectives and sources of information.Create opportunities for out-of-classroom digital citizenship learning throughBYOD (bring-your-own-device) policies, providing regular WiFi access ordevice-recycling programs that can make devices available to all students.Challenges of Scientific and Digital LiteracyIn a growing “Fake News” world in which misinformation is deliberatelyshared online, certain misconceptions and principles of scientific knowledge areoften misrepresented in online consumption.Students, in appreciating the value in multiple perspectives and worldviews,need to be prepared to analyze and dissect a variety of posts from different mediaoutlets and the objective thinking associated with scientific literacy would benefitthem in this process. A large part of this may be realized using inquiry-basedlearning with the specific use of digital learning tools. These tools can help realizethe achievement of reflections and revision associated with inquiry-based learningas well as promoting goals of questioning, analysis, creation, investigation,observation, planning and others (as observed in the visual below).Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 8Taken from the SaskatchewanScience 1 Curriculum (2011).These digital learning tools build on “responsible use policies” to incorporate“scientific use policies” and can further extend to goals related to the use of socialmedia for evidence-backed activism.Educators are encouraged to make resources available to students that willallow them to be critical consumers and be inherently skeptical of all content theyare exposed to online.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 9Digital Citizenship & Science Resourcesa.b.c.d.e.f.g.h.i.j.Digital Citizenship Continuum for Courses – this document providesguidelines for different grades indicating skills and understandingsstudents should possess as it relates to digital citizenship.LoganPetlak.ca – Science educator and digital citizenship blogger.Snopes – fact-checking website.Digital Citizenship – the home page for digital citizenship and Ribble’sNine Elements of Digital Citizenship.Assorted YouTube Science Channels: Crash Course, PBS Space Time,Veritasium, It’s Okay to Be SmartSaskatchewan CurriculumOpenStax – free online textbook for all senior science courses.OpenTextBC – free online textbook database for a variety of courses.Edutopia: Digital Citizenship Resources – an ongoing page that isupdated with different tools for teaching digital citizenship in yourclassrooms.Twitter – follow Alec Couros, George Couros, Katia HildebrandtScience and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital Literacy in Saskatchewan Science: A Curriculum GuideLogan Petlak - 10Course-Specific LessonsHealth Science 20 – Curriculum Lesson Name: “What the Health?” – Digital Citizenship and Dissecting VisualMediaOutcome: HS20-NU2 - Analyze dietary choices based on personal andcultural beliefs and scientific understanding of nutrition. ([SI, CP])Lesson Summary: Students critically dissect a Netflix documentary for factand opinion using digital citizenship skills.Lesson Plan Outline: What the Health DigCit Lesson Template.docxEnvironmental Science 20 – Curriculum Lesson Name: Climate Change in the MediaOutcome: ES20-AH2 - Analyze the production, reliability and uses ofgeoscience data to investigate the effects of a changing climate on societyand the environment. ([CP, DM, SI])Lesson Summary: Students critically dissect climate change articles for factand opinion using digital citizenship skills.Lesson Plan Outline: Climate Change DigCit Lesson Template.docxBiology 30 – Curriculum Lesson Name: EvolutionOutcome: BI30-LE2 - Examine the significance of evolution as a key unifyingtheme in biology through the principles, processes and patterns of biologicalevolution. ([SI, DM])Lesson Summary: Students find YouTube videos or Social Media posts thatare against evolution and formulate respectful responses to help debunksome claims made about evolution while respecting perspectives.Lesson Plan Outline: Evolution DigCit Lesson Template.docxAcknowledgementsI’d like to thank Alec Couros courses and information regarding educationaltechnology and digital citizenship. I strongly recommend taking courses (ECI 830ECI 834) at the University of Regina pertaining to open education, social media,digital citizenship, distance learning and contemporary issues in educationaltechnology to enhance your understanding of the content. In these courses weremany students who all contributed to learning about digital citizenship andextended personal learning networks for anyone involved.Science and Digital Citizenship in Saskatchewan Guide

Digital literacy involves the "process of teaching and learning about technology and the use of technology" and is one of Ribble's Nine Elements of Digital Citizenship most specifically associated with scientific literacy. Digital literacy represents an essential component of scientific literacy in a digitally connected world.

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