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250501JPRS 812146JULY1982E0 BYIONALRMATS. DEPARTMESPRINGFIE5 § 0-nl :;OH001SI2mm -7oTO—m nn Latin America ReportNo. 2532DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT AApproved for Public ReleaseDistribution UnlimitedFBISLUUUOLOI079FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICEReproduced FromBest Available CopyS

JPRS 812146 July 1982LATIN AMERICA REPORTNo. 2532CONTENTSENERGY ECONOMICSBARBADOSProspects For NPC Petroleum Development Surveyed by OLADE(SUNDAY ADVOCATE-NEWS, 30 May 82)1TRINIDAD AND TOBAGOGovernment Opposes Heavy Spending Program Planned by TRINTOC(ADVOCATE-NEWS, 26 May 82)2Review of Nation's Problems, Prospects in Oil Production(CARIBBEAN & WEST INDIES CHRONICLE, Apr/May 82)3COUNTRY SECTIONARGENTINABackground Information on General Nicolaides Reported(AFP, 18 Jun 82)5Government Requests UN Intervention in Falklands War(NOTICIAS ARGENTINAS, 18 Jun 82)7Massera Terms Political Situation 'Confusing'(NOTICIAS ARGENTINAS, 21 Jun 82)9Impact of Falklands War Assessed(Editorial; LA NACION, 16 Jun 82)11'LA NACION' Views Crisis After Falklands Defeat.(Editorial; LA NACION, 18 Jun 82)13Episcopal Conference Communique Urges Unity(TELAM, 17 Jun 82)15- a -[III - LA - 144]

BriefsChubut Province Governor ResignationNational Liberation GroupFlooding Along Paraguay River171717BARBADOSAdams Interviewed On Economic, Regional Issues(Tony Best; THE NATION, 2 Jun 82)18Controversial Emergency Powers Bill(THE NATION, 27 May 82)21o Get 3-Month StudyBOLIVIAPresident Torrelio Criticizes Political Parties(EL DIARIO, 25 May 82) 22COLOMBIAELN Kidnappers Caught by Special Unit(Cesar Vallejo Restrepo; EL TIEMPO, 4 Jun 82)24Army Arrests Leaders of ADO(Cesar Vallejo Restrepo; EL TIEMPO, 31 May 82)28Plot To Destroy Tracking Station Foiled(EL ESPECTADOR, 31 May 82)32M-19 Network Broken Up By Army(Cesar Vallejo Restrepo; EL TIEMPO, 29 May 82)38BriefsAnti-Election Plan UncoveredMAS Delivers Death ThreatELN, FARC Kill 10454545DOMINICA 2.2 Million in Aid Granted Under Lome Mechanism(ADVOCATE-NEWS, 26 May 82)47BriefsIncentives for Companies48GRENADASeries of Parish Unemployment Conferences Initiated(FREE WEST INDIAN, 26 May 82)- b - 49

Peace Council Affiliate of WPC Formed; Leaders Named(Kevin Williams; FREE WEST INDIAN, 26 May 82)51Combat Readiness Stressed in Militia Training Exercise(FREE WEST INDIAN, 22 May 82)53Building Boom in High Gear; Rumored Lay-Offs Clarified(FREE WEST INDIAN, 19 May 82)55Bishop Meets Farm Hands Under Policy of Visits to Workers(Garvin Stuart; FREE WEST INDIAN, 15 May 82)57Three New Laws Serve to Protect Interests of Workers(THE NEW JEWEL, 7 May 82)59Coard Praises Private Sector's Role in National Economy(ADVOCATE-NEWS, 28 May 82)61Briefs62Tourism FalloffAid To Nicaragua62HONDURASForeign Minister Addresses UN General Assembly(Edgardo Paz Barnica; Tegucigalpa Domestic Service,19 Jun 82) 63BriefsNo Earthquake Damage68Bauxite-Aluminum Industry Only Trouble Spot(THE DAILY GLEARNER, 31 May 82)69JAMAICASeaga:Briefs73Australian CreditNICARAGUATefel Expects EEC Assistance to Continue(Managua Domestic Service, 19 Jun 82)Briefs7476USSR Relief AidST KITTS-NEVISExcerpts From Simmonds Report on Trip To U.S., Colombia(Kennedy Simmonds; THE DEMOCRAT, 22 May 82)- c -77

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGOProductivity Group Advises Reduced Sugar Production(ADVOCATE-NEWS, 29 May 82)82ONR Gaining Ascendency Over ULF as Opposition Party(David Renwick; THE NATION, 24 May 82)83d -

BARBADOSENERGY ECONOMICSPROSPECTS FOR NPC PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT SURVEYED BY OLADEBridgetown SUNDAY ADVOCATE-NEWS in English 30 May 82 p 2iText]CSO:; The prospects of petroleum: development in Barbados bytheNationalPetroleumCorporation (NPC) have beenva' Jhree:day Mm* byiby*»* ij J& §ft?mm*Latin «AmericanEnergyOrganisation (OLADE). b; The actual study was done,by Mr. Jose Luis Padron,i Adviser of Petroven, the stateowned oil holding company inVenezuela. He was sent byOLADE at the request of theBarbados Government forOLADE, among other thingsto provide advice on thestaffing of the two-month-old;. NPC.Mr. Padron had two days oftalks with the technical staffof the Energy and NaturalResources Division of theMinistry of Finance andPlanning and staff of the NPC.He climaxed his assignmentwith a meeting, on Friday,May 21 with Senator ClydeGriffith, the ParliamentarySecretary who is responsiblefor energy and NaturalResources. Following the meeting! Senator Griffith said that hewas particularly impressed by the swiftness of the response3025/320' to the request made only threeweeks ago during apreliminary visit by OLADE's; Executive Secretary, Ulisses:(Ramirez, who headed a three!member team to Barbados atthe end of April., The Parliamentary.Secretary noted that Mr.Padron had examined thepresent situation in theBarbados oil industry with aview to determining the areasin which Venezuela could giveassistance to the NPC.Following his evaluation. Mr. Padron outlined some of;: the areas in which Venezuelais able to give Barbados helpwith energy development. One important area is in the training of personnel involvedin field operations in theEetroleum industry in Barados.The Chairman of the NPC,Mr. Aaron Truss, the Corporation's Deputy Chairman,!Mr. Louis deVerteuil, andI technical staff of the Energy*andNaturalResources"Division, also attended the-meeting.!' Mr. Padron has returned toVenezuela. (GIS)

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGOENERGY ECONOMICSGOVERNMENT OPPOSES HEAVY SPENDING PROGRAM PLANNED BY TRINTOCBridgetown ADVOCATE-NEWS in English 26 May 82 p 3PORT-OF-SPAIN, Trinidad,Tuesday,(CANA)—Government officials havesuggested the state-ownedTrinidad and Tobago Oil"Company-(TRINTOC) scrapan upgrading programmeexpected to cost the stateTT 1 000 million (TT 1 — 50cents U.S.), governmentsources reported yesterday.Instead, TRINTOC wasbeing asked to try for a dealwith Texaco so that themaximum use could be madeof the twin island states oilrefining capacity, the officialsreported. The major complaint wassaid to be the proposed heavyspending in the face of excessrefinerycapacity in therepublic. "The upgrading programmewas proposed more than fouryears ago. It was expected tocost the state US 300 millionthe new price tag is a TT Jbillion.The Texaco refinery at onestage had nine primarydistillation units but six ofthem have been taken out ofaction and placed in mothballs.Two units have beenbrought back into service.Whether others are broughtinto service will depend onwhether TRINTOC's allows[Text]CSO:3025/320Texaco to handle some of itsmaterials down for refining,the officials said.They said Texaco had agreedto re-introduoft a programmefor reducing the thickness ofoil left after primary refiningand the lighter fuels have beenremoved.Texaco had successfullyexperimented with its largedesulphurisation unit using itas a s'hydro-cracker"j againwith the objective ofproducinglighter,morelucrative products, the officials reported.But they said further testsstill had to be done before theprocess could be consideredeconomically feasible.Questioned whether the"accommodation"- withTexaco would mean thatgovernment would have to buyinto the equity holding ofTexaco, the official said itwas not necessary in thebeginning."The operation can becarried out under a processingagreement but there isnothing to prevent partownership at a later stage,"one said.He added he did not knowhow Texaco would react tothis idea, "but at the momentTexaco is not resisting."

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGOENERGY ECONOMICSREVIEW OF NATION'S PROBLEMS, PROSPECTS IN OIL PRODUCTIONLondon CARIBBEAN & WEST INDIES CHRONICLE in English No 1567, Apr/May 82 p 13IText]Good housekeeping in previous years andrelative success with containment of recurrentexpenditure have ensured that the present dropin the average level of oil prices on internationalmarkets is unlikely seriously to affect theTrinidad and Tobago economy in 1982.The clue to the inflow of oil-related revenueinto the local economy is to be found in thesurplus income annually appropriated in theBudget to the Special Funds or Funds for LongTerm Projects, as they are also called.Taking the drop in local production (averagebarrels per day forecast for, 1982 W 180,000compared with 189,355 in 1981) as well as thetax incentives granted for new exploration anddevelopment into account, the Ministry ofFinance has estimated that it will obtainTT 3,388m in oil company profits tax andTT 572.5m in royalty from oil output duringthe course of this year. This will be TT 296.4mless than was collected in 1981. Since most ofTrinidad and Tobago's crude is purchased onfixed contracts, and 55 per cent of it fetchespremium rates because of its good qualityanyway, the additional loss from market pricefluctuations is likely to be modest, say an extraTT 20m, if that, making the total revenue lossin 1982 about TT 316m.Yet, the Prime Minister and Minister ofFinance and Planning, Mr George Chambers,has budgeted for a comfortable TT 1,147.8msurplus on current account this year and hasbeen able to divert a net total of TT 2,400.9m tothe Special Funds (derived from the currentsurplus, accumulated balances and borrowing).This is significantly less than last year'sSpecial Funds appropriation of TT 2,981.7m(when extraordinary payments from one oilcompany boosted the current surplus) but betterthan the 1980 Special Funds intake ofTT 2,142.5m and considerably in excess of the1979 figure of TT l,321.3m.In other words, oil price losses and even thefall in domestic output are not expected todeprive the Trinidad and Tobago Governmentof revenue to such an extent that any capitaldevelopment works on which it might wish toembark would be affected.The macro-economic effect is therefore likelyto be nil, though that is not to say that for otherreasons entirely — principally inflation control— the Chambers Government may not becontemplating a deliberate slowing-down onnew capital commitments.Any problems are likely to arise at the microlevel among the oil companies themselves, inparticular the two companies which ownrefineries, Texaco Trinidad Inc and Trinidadand Tobago Oil Co Ltd (TRINTOC).Because of fixed-price arrangements, thecrude producing side of these companies willmaintain their profitability; the refinery side,however, will suffer, not so much from oil pricereductions per se but from the drop in demandfor their products in North America broughtabout by the recession there, of which the oilprice situation is only a symptom.The strength of the Oilfield Workers TradeUnion (OWTU)Tias so far ensured that no onehas actually been fired but both Texaco andTRINTOC have ceased recruiting staff in theirrefinery operations and Texaco has embarkedupon a voluntary retirement scheme whichapplies to 1,500 of its workers, about 50 ofwhom have so far taken advantage of it.Both Texaco and TRINTOC have beencaught out by the drop in market demand forthe low-grade oils both companies generallyproduce; the United States recession has onlyhastened the onset of this reality but it has beencoming for some time, because more and moreprimary distillation demand is being met fromcheaper refinery and other sources on the USmainland itself.Ever since TRINTOC was bought by theTrinidad and Tobago Government from Shellin mid-1974, there has been talk of an upgradingof its refinery to produce higher-valuedproducts which do not suffer in a recessionaryperiod in the way fuel oil, used mainly toprovide energy in factories, tends to do.But though the National Energy Corporation

(NEC) has done extensive work on this subject,the Government has, so far, not made up itsmind to sanction the necessary expenditure.For its part, Texaco, still the wholly-ownedsubsidiary of Texaco Inc of the US, has beenwinding down its throughput from as far backas 1974, long before Ronald Reagan was eventhought of as a Presidential candidate and wellin advance of any policies introduced by him inthe White House to depress the economy in theinterests of curbing inflation.Texaco's refinery at Pointe-a-Pierre has anominal capacity of 355,000 bpd but its highthroughput has been no more than 280,000 bpdduring the last eight years. Some 220,000 bpd offuel oil distillation capacity has now been takenout of production (probably permanently),leaving the refinery with current maximumproductive ability of about 135,000 bpd. Actualoutput, because of the market situation, hashovered in recent months at 115,000 bpd.The Ministry of Energy and NaturalResources is not terribly worked-up about this,although the OWTU is naturally concernedover its members' medium and long-term jobstability."Coal is taking over much of fuel oil'sfunctions in the industrialised countries",explains a Ministry official,' 'and the loss of fueloil capacity at Texaco in particular is nothing tocry about. However, what we would like to seethe company do is improve what remains of therefinery over the next two years, so it could haveabout 175,000 bpd of higher-quality products,including some fuel oil;"Such an expansion would cost at leastTT 500m, according to industry sources, andwould obviously have to fit in with Texaco'sdevelopment plans worldwide.The Ministry hopes that it will, thoughprivately officials have strong doubts thatTexaco will agree to go ahead, which wouldmean a more or less permanent reduction in thelevel of refinery employment available inTrinidad and Tobago.«CSO:3025/320

COUNTRY SECTIONARGENTINABACKGROUND INFORMATION ON GENERAL NICOLAI DES REPORTEDPY181700 Paris AFP in Spanish 1229 GMT 18 Jun 82[Text] Buenos Aires, 18 Jun (AFP)--Maj Gen Cristino Nicolaides, 57, willbe installed as the new army commander in chief this morning replacingLt Gen Leopoldo Galtieri, who has resigned. Nicolaides is considered ahardliner, an anticommunist and someone who is against an opening and whodoes not like politics.A phrase Nicolaides uttered last year continues to be commented on: TheWestern world has been waging a war against Marxism since the 5th centuryB.C.Nicolaides will be the new member of the military junta. His participationin a government which ought to be one marked by modifications and directedtoward a political and labor union opening has raised some questions invarious sections of both military and civilian public opinion.The center-rightist newspaper CLARIN said today that some sectors of theair force and of the navy believe that Nicolaides' background does not makehim eligible for a broad and open dialogue with the political and socialsectors, nor for introducing the major changes called for by the presentsocial and economic crisis.Nicolaides, the present commander of the I Army Corps stationed in BuenosAires, outlined the four major responsibilities of an Argentine serviceman:To intensify his professional capability; to actively participate in thewar against subversion (which has been defeated but not annihilated); tosafeguard and defend national sovereignty, and to resolutely support theprocess initiated in 1976.Nicolaides took over as commander of the I Army Corps in 1981 replacingAntonio Domingo Bussi. Maj Gen Nicolaides has reasserted the fullimplementation of Christian moral values, national traditions and thedignity of the Argentine citizen.Nicolaides also said that the time has come to realize the most important,difficult and delicate things.

Galtieri's natural successor was Jose Vaquero, chief of the Army GeneralStaff, but [words indistinct]. Antonio Trimarco's name was bandied around,but that would have meant that five other generals would have had toretire. It was Trimarco himself who put forward Nicolaides' name, accordingto military sources.Nicolaides' father was bom in Greece and his mother in Cordoba Province.Nicolaides was born on 2 January 1925, is married to Elsa Juana TeresaBarale and has four children.CSO:3010/1739

COUNTRY SECTIONARGENTINAGOVERNMENT REQUESTS UN INTERVENTION IN FALKLANDS WARPY182102 Buenos Aires NOTICIAS ARGENTINAS in.Spanish 1855 GMT 18 Jun 82[Text] Buenos Aires, 18 Jun (NA)—Today Argentina requested the intervention of the United Nations in reaching a peaceful settlement to theconflict with Great Britain, stating that the British forces should withdrawand the blockade and the sanctions imposed on Argentina should be lifted.The request has been conveyed through a document submitted this afternoonto the Security Council by Arnoldo Listre, the Argentine representativeto the United Nations.The text of the document, which was released by the San Martin Palace thisafternoon, is as follows:"After vetoing the draft resolution imposing the cease-fire, which wassupported by a majority vote in the council, the United Kingdom of GreatBritain and northern Ireland continued its armed aggression against mycountry, ending eventually with the military occupation of Puerto Argentino,the capital of the Malvinas Islands, on 14 June."The legitimate defense resorted to by Argentina for safeguarding itsterritorial integrity could not prevail in the face of the military superiority of the aggressor."Therefore, the commander of the Argentine forces defending the MalvinasIslands had to surrender the forces under his command in order to avoidfurther loss of human life."Throughout the process which led to this situation, the United Kingdom ofGreat Britain and northern Ireland has taken no notice of the demand foran immediate halt to the hostilities included in Resolution 502 issued bythe Security Council on 3 April 1982."Neither has it obeyed the council's appeal included in paragraph 3 ofthe same resolution, calling upon the two governments to search for apeaceful settlement to the dispute through negotiations.

"As is known, the United Kingdom vetoed the draft resolution proposed bySpain and Panama on 4 June, thus making it clear that it was not interestedin complying with the cease-fire and in accepting Resolution 505 despitethe fact that it was adopted unanimously and obviously with its own favorablevote. [As received]"Argentina cannot and will not be able to accept the situation which GreatBritain is thus trying to impose by force. Today it becomes clearer thanever that the United Kingdom intends to perpetuate by all means a status ofcolonial domination in the South Atlantic, openly violating the UN charter."The Republic of Argentina today again appeals to the UN Security Councilto let it be clearly established, as it did on previous occasions, that itis fully determined to comply with Resolutions 502 and 505."My country also wants the council to continue to make efforts to have theUnited Kingdom fully comply with these resolutions."The United Kingdom continues to maintain its troops on the islands, itsfleet in the South Atlantic, its naval and air blockade against Argentinaand also the economic aggression it imposed with the participation of otherdeveloped countries."Furthermore, the United Kingdom has now extended its military operationsto the South Sandwich Islands as was reported by the Argentine mission bynote No 171 dated 17 June 1982 sent to the UN Security Council (documentS/15230). The United Kingdom then attacked the scientific station 'CorbetaUruguay' which Argentina has maintained on that island for several years."Given the present circumstances there is in fact a cease-fire whichArgentina is observing but which will be temporary as long as Great Britainpersists on a position which is translated into military occupation,blockade and economic aggression."Total cessation of hostilities will be possible only when the UnitedKingdom agrees to end naval and air blockade, these economic sanctions andto withdraw its military occupation forces from the islands, the naval taskforce and nuclear submarines it has dispatched to the region."The Republic of Argentina states once again that only negotiations heldwithin the framework of the United Nations in keeping with the appropriateresolutions which it has always been willing to accept can lead to a finalsolution to the dispute by eliminating a status of illegitimate colonialdomination imposed by force which by itself poses a permanent threat topeace."The document concludes by requesting that its content be distributed to allmembers of the UN Security Council.CSO:3010/1739

COUNTRY SECTIONARGENTINAMASSEKA TERMS POLITICAL SITUATION 'CONFUSING'PY220353 Buenos Aires NOTICIAS ARGENTINAS in Spanish 1930 GMT 21 Jim 82[Text] Buenos Aires, 21 Jun (NA)--Adm Emilio Massera, former commanderin chief of the navy and a former member of the military junta, said todaythat "the country is on the verge of bankruptcy," and that "the currentpolitical situation is confusing; it is a sort of passive anarchy due tothe confusion currently prevailing in the government."On referring to the Argentine defeat in the Malvinas, Massera asserted thatthe country is "not looking for those who are to blame, but requires thatthe responsibility not be diluted.""Battles," Massera asserted, "areare won or lost by those who haveTherefore, without trying to lookone of us must feel the weight ofnottheforourwon or lost by the soldiers. Theyhonor of directing those soldiers.the mistakes made by others, eachown conscience and act accordingly."Massera made these statements public in a written declaration he deliveredto the metropolitan press circles this afternoon.Massera, who leads Social Democrats, also said that "the situation we areundergoing cannot be more critical." Massera noted: "In addition to thepresent economic and social crisis, we are also undergoing a crisis offaith. Our country is at a standstill and on the verge of bankruptcy.The current political situation is confusing, it is a sort of passiveanarchy due to the confusion currently prevailing in the government."Massera added: "Therefore it will be necessary to start again, to reconstruct and to restore to relieve the pain and heal wounds, to think of thedrastic solutions the country is calling for and to make every effort toachieve national unity."Massera recalled the need for "reflecting on the immediate past, for whichwe are all responsible in some way."Massera noted:in good faith."We have all made mistakes, even though we were actingWe all support the Malvinas recovery, not only as an event

of strict historic justice, but because we feel it is an element of unityin pursuing the national cause. The Malvinas are and will always beArgentine."For this reason, Massera expressed his conviction that "[words indistinct]would be fruitless if we do not draw useful conclusions for the survival ofthe Argentine people as a nation.""The country," Massera noted, "wants to make this defeat less painful.It is not looking for those who are to blame, but it requires that theresponsibility not be diluted."CSO:3010/173910

COUNTRY SECTIONARGENTINAIMPACT OF FALKLANDS WAR ASSESSEDPY181832 Buenos Aires LA NACION in Spanish 16 Jun 82 p 8[Editorial:"With Responsibility, With Bitterness"][Text] One should not love his homeland in order not to feel bitter whenthere is an adverse national situation. Too many of our soldiers have paidhomage with their blood to a century-old claim in order for them not tofeel deeply hurt on hearing the news about the fall of Puerto Argentino,which was the ultimate objective of the British military operation. Wehave been defeated in terms of confrontation of arms, but the pain that iscurrently oppressing our hearts will not blind a reflexive attitude. Therefore there is nothing more advisable than to face as sensibly as possiblethe alternatives of this situation in which the hand of a powerful nationthat was supported by a military superpower today and for an uncertain periodthus far has frustrated Argentine zeal to materially recover the islands,which have been occupied since 1833 by a power that imposed its law andhoisted its flag there.The restoration of British rule to the Malvinas does not imply the automaticdisappearance of overall uncertainties. President Galtieri asserted lastnight that the restoration of the colonial regime will not afford permanentpeace. There is no doubt that this phrase needs a clarification on thepart of the Argentine Government. If theory, it is obvious that the achievement of a long-lasting peace is of interest to the parties to the conflictas well as to the other countries which are strategically linked to them.Therefore, the development of clear events must be awaited in this regardbefore drawing final conclusions on the nature of the period that has begunafter our armed forces withdrew from the war.The bitter feelings which are plausible among our community will not bedisguised by a remission of events which, from the British landing in SanCarlos Bay, led to admitting an eventual military confrontation. Theycould not be disguised either by conceding that the outstanding differencein the technological power applied to the belligerent actions theoreticallyfavored the colonial army. Such bitter feelings cannot be precluded fromarising when the weight of negative reality in the field of arms overwhelmsthe hopes raised by the community. It is precisely in situations such asthis one that those who bear the responsibility of ruling—and it is11

worthwhile noting that this responsibility does not fall exclusively onthose who give orders within the corridors of power—have to open pathsthrough which the warmness of the common feeling will strengthen the flowof ideas to face and resolve the problems derived from this sad experience.From a pragmatic viewpoint it may be said perhaps that the Malvinas arecurrently occupying a secondary place as unredeemed Argentine territory.On 22 May 1982, when the black events which caused the military confrontation were still far from coming true, we wrote in this same column: "Eventhough pushed into adversity by the transitory ups and downs of war, ourcause will not be a lost one in the field of law and of high-level politics,because the justice of our claim does not only form part of the nationalsoul, but it is supported by the comtemporary history."We repeat those words now, certain that they are suggesting the scope towardwhich the constructive work of Argentine foreign policy will be directed.As a matter of fact, and as it has been said many times before, both \Argentina and the majority of Latin American countries will not be able toshun making an in-depth review of their reciprocal relations and the commitments made thereunder as of 2 April 1982.The political problem of the Malvinas will never be the same as the politicalproblem that existed before 2 April. Notwithstanding the occasional Britishdemands, neither will the American continent be able to fend for itself bydisregarding the varying lessons one learns from a serious belligerentevent. The present knowledge that not all of those who yesterday we thoughtwere our friends have turned out to be such, must not be forgotten bysupposing that those extracontinental powers which have thus far voiced their support for our vindicating enterprise are true friends of Argentinaand of the Latin American countries that have supported Argentina. Itwould be very naive to replace hope with illusion. Above all, when whatone sees in the horizon indicates that by following the path of illusionentire societies are exposed to end in having their national identityalienated.We have asserted this before and we are reasserting it now in this uncertainday: Argentina's place in the world is marked by the culture with which weforge the characteristics of our country. Therefore, the scope of theLatin countries in Latin America and in Europe is where we must strengthenties, even though there may be some circumstances here or there that willmake us uncomfortable. The political, social and economic guidelines which,with their transformations, will have a decisive influence on our alreadyprolonged internal crisis also derive from the unfortunate outcome of themilitary actions carried out in the South Atlantic. After having lost thephysical domain of the islands, it would be impudent for anyone to say"nothing has happened here." Many very important things have in factoccurred. The most exalted and fruitful one has been national unity, andit will have to be preserved by making sacrifices no less than the eventswhich occurred in order to face the armed fighting. On the basis of nationalunity, Argentina immediately must clearly outline the path to be followedto restore the implementation of the constitution in the country.The Malvinas have taught us several lessons. No one of those lessons ismore noble than this one: The boldness of the spirit of a country is abovethe quality of the arms that country takes up.CSO:3010/1739

COUNTRY SECTIONARGENTINA»LA NACION' VIEWS CRISIS AFTER FALKLANDS DEFEATPY222226 Buenos Aires LA NACION in Spanish 18 Jun 82 p 8[Editorial:"A Government in Crisis"][Text] The reasons behind the crisis in the government headed by GeneralGaltieri are so obvious that they almost do not need to be analyzed.Argentina has just suffered a military defeat and the situation created bysuch an unfortunate fact needs prompt clarification. The outcome of thewar suggested that it would have internal repercussions, and certainlythe political developments following the Argentine capitulation in theMalvinas were bound to close in on the man who was the commander in chiefof the army until yesterday.In a manner of speaking, one could say that General Galtieri dealt himselfa hard blow last Tuesday. That was the day he tried to take advantage ofthe general frustration over the military defeat. This was why the peoplewere invited to come out to Plaza de Mayo, but the majority of the capital'spopulation did not respond. Instead, groups of activists from both the leftand the right showed up as part of an operation that was not entirelyspontaneous.Following the frustrated popular assembly, President Galtieri delivered amessage to the country. That message was not appropriate to the circumstances. Galtieri supposed that a country eager for objective informationand needing to be informed regarding the course of the nation and th

Ministry of EFinance and Planning and staff of the NPC. He climaxed his assignment with a meeting, on Friday, May 21 with Senator Clyde poration's Griffith, the Parliamentary Secretary who is responsible for energy and Natural *and Resources. "Division,. Following the meeting ! Senator Griffith said that he was particularly impressed by

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