Informative Inventory ReportSweden 2022Submitted underthe Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air PollutionSWEDISH ENVIRONMENTALPROTECTION AGENCY
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22Swedish Environmental Protection AgencyTelephone 46 10 698 10 00, telefax 46 10 698 10 99E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgAddress: Naturvårdsverket, SE-106 48 Stockholm, SwedenInternet: www.naturvardsverket.se Naturvårdsverket 2019Cover photo: Jonas Bergström
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22AuthorsSammanfattning/Executive summaryHakam Al-Hanbali (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, EPA)IntroductionHakam Al-Hanbali (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, EPA), OrtizCarina Josefsson Ortiz, Veronica Eklund, Julia Hytteborn and Mikael Szudy (Statistics Sweden), Karin Kindbom (IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute)Explanation of key trendsJohan Genberg Safont and Hakam Al-Hanbali (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, EPA)Energy (NFR sector 1)Carina Josefsson Ortiz, Peter Guban, Veronica Eklund and Martin Kellner (Statistics Sweden), Katarina Yaramenka, Gunilla Pihl Karlsson and Tobias Helbig (IVLSwedish Environmental Research Institute)Industrial processes and product use (NFR sector 2)Tina Skårman, Helena Danielsson, Gunilla Pihl Karlsson, Katarina Yaramenka,Karin Kindbom and Tobias Helbig (IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute)Agriculture (NFR sector 3)Julia Hytteborn (Statistics Sweden)Waste (NFR sector 5)Mikael Szudy (Statistics Sweden), Karin Kindbom (IVL Swedish EnvironmentalResearch Institute)ProjectionsIngrid Mawdsley and Tobias Helbig (IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute)Reporting of gridded emissions and LPSDaniel Englund and Johan Arvelius (Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute), Tina Skårman (IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute), CarinaJosefsson Ortiz (Statistics Sweden)
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22ContentsCONTENTS2EXECUTIVE SUMMARYES.1 Background information on the air pollutant emission inventory88ES.2 Overview of source category emission estimates and trends911.1INTRODUCTIONInstitutional arrangements111.1.1Legal arrangements21.1.2Institutional arrangements31.2Inventory planning, preparation and management51.2.1Quality system61.2.2Training, awareness and skills91.2.3Inventory planning (PLAN)91.2.4Inventory preparation (DO)101.2.5QA/QC procedures and extensive review of emission inventory(CHECK)121.2.6Finalization, publication and submission of the inventory141.2.7Data storage141.2.8Follow-up and improvement (ACT)151.3Key source categories151.4General uncertainty evaluation161.5General assessment of completeness161.5.1Energy181.5.2Industrial Processes and Product Use181.5.3Agriculture181.5.4Waste1822.1EXPLANATION OF KEY TRENDS.Emissions of pollutants regulated in the amended GothenburgProtocol192.1.1Nitrogen oxides (NOX)192.1.2Sulphur dioxide (SO2)232.1.3Ammonia (NH3)252.1.4NMVOC272.1.5Particulate matter (PM2.5)292.1.6Black carbon (BC)312.2CO, PM10, PAH1-4, HCB & Dioxins332.2.1Carbon monoxide (CO)342.2.2Particulate matter (PM10)3619
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 222.2.3Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH1-4)382.2.4Hexachlorobenzene (HCB)402.2.5Dioxins - Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and furans (PCDD/F)422.3Emissions of priority heavy metals442.3.1Cd452.3.2Hg482.3.3Pb5033.1ENERGY (NFR SECTOR 1)Overview53533.2Fuel combustion, NFR1A533.2.1Public electricity and heat production, NFR1A1a543.2.2Refineries, NFR1A1B583.2.3Manufacture of solid fuels and other energy industries, NFR1A1c613.2.4Iron and steel, NFR1A2a633.2.5Non-Ferrous Metals, NFR1A2b653.2.6Chemicals, NFR1A2c673.2.7Pulp, Paper and Print, NFR1A2d713.2.8Food Processing, Beverages and Tobacco, NFR1A2e733.2.9Non-Metallic Minerals, NFR1A2f753.2.10Other industries, NFR1A2g773.2.11Civil Aviation, NFR1A3a i-ii833.2.12Road transport, NFR1A3b i-iv883.2.13Automobile tyre and brake wear, NFR1A3b vi, and automobile roadabrasion, NFR1A3b vii983.2.14Railways, NFR1A3c1023.2.15Navigation, NFR1A3d ii1033.2.16Other transportation, NFR1A3e1093.2.17Commercial/institutional, NFR1A4a1123.2.18Residential, NFR1A4b1183.2.19Agriculture/Forestry/Fisheries, NFR1A4c1233.2.20Other stationary combustion, NFR1A5a1303.2.21Other mobile combustion, NFR1A5b1303.2.22Memo Items International bunkers, 1D, NFR1A3ai and 1A3dii 1303.3Fugitive emissions from solid fuels and oil and natural gas, NFR1B1373.3.1Coal mining and handling, NFR1B1a1373.3.2Solid fuel transformation, NFR1B1b1373.3.3Other, NFR1B1c1383.3.4Hydrogen production plants at refineries, NFR1B2a i141
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 223.3.5Refineries, NFR1B2a iv1433.3.6Gasoline handling and distribution, NFR1B2a v1453.3.7Transmission and distribution of natural gas and gasworks gas –fugitive emissions, 1B2b1483.3.8Venting and flaring, NFR1B2c1523.3.9Other fugitive emissions from energy production, NFR1B2d15544.1INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES AND PRODUCT USE (NFR SECTOR2)156Overview1564.2Mineral products, NFR2A1574.2.1Cement production, NFR2A11574.2.2Lime production, NFR2A21594.2.3Glass production, NFR2A31624.2.4Quarrying and mining of minerals other than coal, NFR2A5a1644.2.5Construction and demolition, NFR2A5b1654.2.6Storage, handling and transport of mineral products, NFR2A5c 1674.2.7Other mineral products, NFR2A61674.3Chemical industry, NFR2B1694.3.1Ammonia production, NFR2B11694.3.2Nitric acid production, NFR2B21714.3.3Adipic acid production, NFR2B31724.3.4Caprolactam, glyoxal and glyoxylic acid production (NFR2B4) 1724.3.5Carbide production, NFR2B51724.3.6Titanium dioxide production, NFR2B61734.3.7Soda ash production, NFR2B71744.3.8Other chemical industry, NFR2B10a1744.3.9Storage, handling and transport of chemical products, NFR2B10b1764.4Metal production, NFR2C1774.4.1Iron and steel production NFR2C11774.4.2Ferroalloy production NFR2C21864.4.3Aluminium production, NFR2C31874.4.4Magnesium production, NFR2C41904.4.5Lead, Zinc, Copper and Nickel production, NFR2C5, 2C6, 2C7aand 2C7b1904.4.6Other metal production, NFR2C7c1904.4.7Storage, handling and transport of metal products, NFR2C7d1934.5Other solvent and product use, NFR2D31934.5.1Road paving with asphalt, NFR2D3b1934.5.2Asphalt roofing, NFR2D3c195
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 224.5.3Solvent use, NFR2D3a, NFR2D3d, NFR2D3e, NFR2D3f,NFR2D3g, NFR2D3h and NFR2D3i1964.6Other product use, NFR2G42014.6.1Source category description2014.6.2Methodological issues2024.6.3Uncertainties and time-series consistency2064.6.4Source-specific QA/QC and verification2064.6.5Source-specific recalculations2064.6.6Source-specific planned improvements2064.7Pulp and paper industry, NFR2H12064.7.1Source category description2064.7.2Methodological issues2074.7.3Uncertainties and time-series consistency2074.7.4Source-specific QA/QC and verification2084.7.5Source-specific recalculations2084.7.6Source-specific planned improvements2084.8Food and beverages industry, NFR2H22084.8.1Source category description2084.8.2Methodological issues2084.8.3Uncertainties and time-series consistency2094.8.4Source-specific QA/QC and verification2094.8.5Source-specific recalculations2094.8.6Source-specific planned improvements2094.9Wood processing, NFR2I2104.9.1Source category description2104.9.2Methodological issues2104.9.3Uncertainties and time-series consistency2104.9.4Source-specific QA/QC and verification2104.9.5Source-specific recalculations2104.9.6Source-specific planned improvements2104.10Production of POPs, NFR2J2114.11Consumption of POPs and heavy metals, NFR2K2114.12Other production, consumption, storage, transportation or handlingof bulk products, NFR2L21155.1AGRICULTURE (NFR SECTOR 3)Overview2122125.2Manure management, NFR 3B2125.2.1Source category description2125.2.2Methodological issues2135.2.3Uncertainties and time-series consistency231
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 225.2.4Source-specific QA/QC and verification2325.2.5Source-specific recalculations2325.2.6Source-specific planned improvements2325.3Crop production and agricultural soils, NFR 3D2325.3.1Source category description2325.3.2Methodological issues2335.3.3Uncertainties and time-series consistency2395.3.4Source-specific QA/QC and verification2395.3.5Source-specific recalculations2395.3.6Source-specific planned improvements24066.1WASTE (NFR SECTOR 5)Overview2412416.2Solid waste disposal on land, NFR 5A2416.3Biological treatment of waste, NFR 5B2456.3.1Composting, NFR 5B12456.3.2Anaerobic digestion at biogas facilities, NFR 5B22486.4Waste incineration, NFR 5C2506.4.1Incineration of municipal waste, industrial waste, clinical waste andsewage sludge, NFR 5C1a, 5C1bi, 5C1biii and 5C1biv2506.4.2Incineration of hazardous waste, NFR 5C1bii2516.4.3Cremation, NFR 5C1bv2526.4.4Garden burning and bonfires, NFR 5C22556.5Wastewater handling, NFR 5D2566.5.1Domestic wastewater handling, NFR 5D12566.5.2Industrial wastewater handling, NFR 5D22596.6Other waste, NFR 5E2616.6.1Other waste, sludge spreading, NFR 5E2616.6.2Other waste, landfill fires, NFR 5E2636.6.3Other waste, house and car fires, NFR 5E2656.6.4Other waste, pets, NFR 5E2677OTHER (NFR SECTOR 6)2688RECALCULATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS26999.1PROJECTIONSStationary combustion2772779.2Mobile combustion2789.2.1Road transport2789.2.2Other mobile combustion2789.3Fugitive emissions279
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 229.4Industrial processes and product use2799.5Agriculture2799.6Waste2809.7Consistency with inventory data2801010.1REPORTING OF GRIDDED EMISSIONS AND LPSGridded 0.1.3Recent improvements30010.1.4Planned 2Completeness30210.2.3Methodology30310.2.4Recent improvements30310.2.5Planned improvements303REFERENCESReferences Section 1304304References Section 3304Stationary Combustion304Mobile Combustion305Fugitive emissions307References Section 4308References Section 5310References Section 6312References Section 8317References Section 9317References Section 10317
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22EXECUTIVE SUMMARYES.1 Background information on the air pollutant emission inventorySweden has carried out inventories on air pollutants since the 1980's to meet theobligations of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Conventionon Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (UNECE CLRTAP).The inventory reports of air pollutants for the year 2020 is prepared in accordancewith the 2016 and 2019 Reporting Guidelines and the CLRTAP’s revised Gothenburg Protocol as agreed by the parties to the Convention in Geneva, 2012. The inventory report is annually submitted to the UNECE Secretariat and to the EEA.This report constitutes Sweden’s IIR 2022 (inventory data 2020) for anthropogenicemissions of air pollutants: NOx, CO, NMVOC, SO2, NH3, TSP, PM10 and PM2.5,BC, heavy metals and other metals, dioxins, HCB, PCBs and PAH1-4 covering theyears from 1980 to 2020. The report contains methodology, data sources, uncertainties, the quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC), activities carried out,and trend analyses for many pollutants. Data on estimated emissions and corresponding activity data are provided in NFR tables. Thermal values and emissionfactors are provided in Annex 2. The report also shows how Sweden follows theguidelines to ensure the transparency, consistency, accuracy, comparability, andcompleteness of the reported emission data.Emission estimates are mainly based on official Swedish statistics, e.g. quarterlyfuel statistics, agricultural statistics, environmental reports from industry and emission factors (nationally developed factors as well as internationally recommendedones). Sweden uses the Guidelines for Estimating and Reporting Emission Data forreporting to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution(CLRTAP) and the EMEP/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook 2016and 20191 as methodological guidance. Sweden also uses methodologies in accordance with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories2.Due to changes in the routines for handling data it was discovered that a higher degree of confidentiality is required for some activity data. This has affected somesub-sectors in the energy sector (NFR1A and 1B) which have been classified withthe notation key Classified (C). Sweden works continuously on limiting the extentof confidentiality in inventory p/public/2006gl/
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22ES.2 Overview of source category emissionestimates and trendsThe main sources of air pollutants have been divided into the following sectors: energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture and waste. No air pollutantemissions have been estimated for the land use, land use change and forestry sector.Emissions of pollutants regulated in the amended Gothenburg Protocol (SO2, NOx,NH3, NMVOCs, PM10, PM2.5 and BC) have been reduced significantly since 1990.Other air pollutants, such as CO, poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH1-4), dioxins,HCB and priority heavy metals namely, cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and lead(Pb) and other metals have also all been reduced since 1990.Emission reduction of the air pollutants and heavy metals has been achievedthrough regulatory controls and application of better technologies in industry, energy, and transport sectors. Examples include switching from higher sulphur fuelsto lower sulphur fuels, phasing out the use of leaded gasoline, catalytic converterson vehicles and other instruments such as the NOx-fee.Nitrogen oxidesThe estimated emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) were about 118 kt in 2020. Theemissions have decreased by about 59% since 1990 and by 6.5% compared to theprevious year.The energy sector (NFR1) accounted for most of the NOX emissions (about 77%),of which transport was responsible for 43% of the national total. The industrial processes and product use sector (NFR2) and the agriculture sector (NFR3) were responsible for 11% and 12%, respectively. NOx emission from the waste sector(NFR5) is small.Emissions from the transport sector (NFR1A3) have declined by 70% since 1990and by about 12% compared to the previous year mostly from road traffic and national navigation. The reduction is mainly due to the tightening of the EU road vehicle emission regulation standards.Other important reasons for the general decline of NOx emissions are the increaseduse of district heating and the introduction of the NOx fee in 1992, which have resulted in a reduction of emissions from the manufacturing industries and construction (NFR1A2) and the energy industries sectors (NFR1A1).Sulphur dioxideEmissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) decreased from about 103 kt in 1990 to about15 kt in 2020, a reduction of 85%. Between 2019 and 2020 the emission decreasedby 7%. About 44% of the total SO2 emission comes from the energy sector. The remaining emissions (56%) are sourced to the industrial processes and product usesector. SO2 emission from the waste sector is very small. Among the largest
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22sources of SO2 emission are metal industry (NFR2C), 29%, pulp and paper industry (2H1), 20%, public electricity and heat production (NFR 1A1a) and manufacturing industries and construction (NFR 1A2) 17% each. Transport (NFR 1A3) wasa major source of SO2 in early 1990’s but now is responsible for about 2% of thetotal emission. The general reduction in these sectors, including the transport sector, are mainly due to a transfer from fuels with high sulphur content to low-sulphur fuels.AmmoniaThe total emissions of ammonia (NH3) amounted to about 53 kt in 2020. Comparedto emission levels in 1990, the emissions were 12% lower in 2020. The agriculturesector was the main source of NH3 in 2020, accounting to 88% of the total emissions. NH3 is emitted from farm animals’ dung and urine and the use of inorganicfertilizers. The rest of the emission originates mainly from pulp and paper industryand transport, mainly from urea in vehicles filters that release HN3. The main drivers for the reduced emission within the agriculture sector are a decline in number ofanimals, reduced use of inorganic fertilizers and emission reduction measureswithin manure management.Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs)In 2020, a total of about 133 kt of NMVOCs were emitted in Sweden. About 41%of the NMVOC emissions comes from the solvent use (NFR2D3). The energy sector and the agriculture sector contributed with 31% and 22%, respectively.The total emissions of NMVOCs have decreased by about 64% since 1990 and by1% between 2019 and 2020. The decline is sharp in the energy sector (mainly fromtransport) and also in the solvent use sector, amounting to about 82% and 39%, respectively. The main reason for the sharp decrease in the transport sector during thelast two decades are the increased energy efficiency in cars and the introduction ofstricter emission standards in the EU-regulations for road vehicles.Carbon monoxideThe aggregated emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) have decreased from about 1.1Mton in 1990 to about 288 kt in 2020, declined by 74%. Other energy sectors(NFR1A4) was the largest source for CO emission, accounting for about 53% ofthe total emissions in 2020. Most of the emission come from biomass combustionin residential stationary plants, (NFR1A4b). Emissions have decreased by 25%since 1990.In 2020, the transport sector (1A3) was responsible for 28% of the total emissionsof CO. Emissions from the transport sector have decreased by 90% since 1990, themain reason being the introduction of catalytic converters in passenger cars andlight duty vehicles.
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22Particles Matter (PM10 and PM2.5)In 2020, the total emissions of PM10 and PM2.5 in Sweden were about 35 and 17 kt,respectively. Compared to 1990, the emissions have been reduced by about 47%and 63%, respectively. The transport sector is responsible for about 47% and 24%,respectively of the emission in 2020. The amount of emissions depends on totaltraffic work and the use of studded tires. The combined emissions of PM10 fromroad abrasion and tires- and brake wear show an increasing trend due to increasedvolume of traffic. Other sectors (residential and premises heating) cause largeemissions of PM2.5 – they accounted for 31% of the total emissions in 2020. Emissions have decreased by 61% since 1990, when district heating has become morecommon and that today's wood boilers are more effective in combustion than olderones.Black CarbonEmissions of back carbon (BC) have been reported for the years 2000 to 2020. Theestimated emission was about 2 kt in 2020 and reduced by 64% since 2000. Thelargest single source of BC emission is other energy sectors (NFR1A4) accountingfor 48% and have decreased by 48% since 2000. The reduction is mainly due to atransition from wood combustion for residential and premises heating to districtheating. The transport sector (NFR1A3) accounted for about 25% of total BC emissions in 2020 where road traffic is the major contributor in the sector. Emissionsfrom road transport have declined by about 77% since 2000 due to stricter exhaustrequirements.Poly Aromatic HydrocarbonsThe total emissions of poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH1-4) were about 7 tons in2020. The emissions have been reduced by 64% since 1990. The largest source ofemissions of PAH in Sweden is wood combustion for heating residential, commercial and public premises, as well as agricultural and forestry and fishing which accounted for 78% of total emissions in 2020. Since 1990, emissions from this sourcehave decreased by 60% mainly due to a transition to district heating. However,emissions from heating of agricultural- forestry and premises have increased due tothe increased use of biomass. The largest reduction of PAH1-4 emissions since1990, about 80%, has been achieved in the metal industry (NFR2C) through application of new technologies.HexachlorobenzeneThe total emissions of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were about 2.6 kg in 2020. Emissions have decreased by 84% since 1990. The largest single source of HCB emissions in 2020 was the electricity- and heat production (NFR1A1) which accountedfor 34% of the total emissions followed by metal industry (NFR2C) 28%. Emissions from electricity- and heat production have been more than doubled since1990, mainly due to increased use of biomass as a fuel. The increased HCB emission from iron and steel industry since 1990 is due to increased production volume.
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22The largest increase of HCB in relative terms comes from the waste sector (incineration and open burning), which has increased by about 300% since 1990, due toincreased combustion of hazardous waste.Priority Heavy Metals (Cd, Hg and Pb)In 2020, the estimated emissions of Cd in Sweden were about 490 kg, a decrease of79% since 1990. The largest sources of Cd emissions in 2020 were electricity- andheat production (NFR 1A1), about 30% and stationary combustion sector (NFR1A4), 28%. The industrial processes and product use contributed with 25% of theemission and have decreased by more than 94% since 1990, mainly due to bettertechnologies applied in the metal industry.In 2020, the estimated emissions of mercury (Hg) in Sweden were about 370 kg, adecrease of about 76% since 1990. The largest sources of Hg emissions in 2020were electricity- and heat production (NFR1A1) and metal industry (NFR2C) accounted for 36% and 19%, respectively of the total emission. Emissions from metalindustry have decreased by 85% since 1990, mainly due to application of bettertechnologies in the metal industry. The waste sector is also a significant source ofHg emission and accounted for 9% of the total emission in 2020.The total emissions of lead (Pb) in Sweden were about 7.43 ton in 2020 and havedecreased by 98% since 1990. The largest source of Pb emissions in 2020 wasmetal industry (NFR2C) followed by electricity- and heat production (NFR 1A1)and accounted for 30% and 26%, respectively of the total emission. Emissions ofPb from the transport sector, which contributed 8% of the emission in 2020, has decreased by more than 99% since 1990 due to phasing out the use of leaded gasoline. The large decrease from metal industry (97%) is mainly due to application ofbetter technologies.
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 221 IntroductionReporting of emission data to the Executive Body of the Convention on Longrange Trans-boundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) is required in order to fulfil obligations regarding strategies and policies in compliance with the implementation ofProtocols under the Convention. Parties should use the reporting procedures andare required to submit annual national emissions of SO2, NOX, NMVOC, CO andNH3, particulate matter, black carbon (BC), various heavy metals and POPs usingthe revised 2016 and 20193 Guidelines for Estimating and Reporting EmissionData under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution4This report constitutes Sweden’s Informative Inventory Report (IIR) due by March15, 2022. The report contains information on Sweden’s inventories for all yearsfrom 1980 to 2019 including descriptions of methods, data sources, QA/QC activities carried out, and a trend analysis. The inventory accounts for anthropogenicemissions of SO2, NOX, NH3, NMVOC, CO, BC, TSP, PM10, PM2.5, Pb, Cd, Hg,As, Cr, Cu, Ni, Se, Zn, PAH, HCB and dioxins.Emission estimates are mainly based on official Swedish statistics, e.g. quarterlyfuel statistics, agricultural statistics, environmental reports from industry and emission factors (nationally developed factors as well as internationally recommendedones).Sweden uses the Guidelines for Estimating and Reporting Emission Data for reporting to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)and the 2016 and 2019 EMEP/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebookas methodological guidance5. Data are also reported under the EU National Emissions Ceiling Directive on emission of air pollutants to the European Commission.Sweden also uses methodologies in accordance with the IPCC 2006 Guidelines forNational Greenhouse Gas Inventories6 and methods that are in general in line withGood Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse GasInventories IPCC-NGGIP (Good Practice Guidance7). Some parts of the methodologies are taken directly from the IPCC Guidelines, the Good Practice Guidance andthe 2016 and 2019 EMEP/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook.1.1Institutional arrangementsThe national system is designed in compliance with UNFCCC decision 20/CP.7.Under the terms of Decision No. 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and guidebook-2016 te/emep/2014 Guidelines/ece.eb.air.125 ADVANCE VERSION reporting guidelines p/public/gp/english/1
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22the Council, the national system has to be in place by the end of 2005. The nationalsystem has to ensure the function of all the institutional, legal and procedural arrangements required to calculate emissions and removals of greenhouse gases.The Swedish national system came into force on 1 January 2006 and its aim is toensure that climate reporting to the secretariat of the Convention (UNFCCC) andthe European Commission complies with specified requirements. This means,among other things, estimating and reporting anthropogenic GHG emissions and removals inaccordance with the Kyoto Protocol, assisting Sweden in meeting its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, facilitating the review of submitted information, ensuring and improving the quality of the Swedish inventory and guaranteeing that submitted data is officially approved.The national system ensures annual preparation and reporting of the national inventory and of supplementary information in a timely manner and that the inventoryfulfils all quality criteria, i.e. is transparent, accurate, consistent, comparable andcomplete.The national system is, where applicable, used also for the reporting to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and under the EU NationalEmissions Ceiling Directive on emission of air pollutants to the European Commission.1.1.1Legal arrangementsThe ordinance (2005:626) concerning climate reporting has been updated and enlarged to fulfil all the reporting requirements under the EU Monitoring MechanismRegulation 525/2013/EC. The new ordinance 2014/1434 concerning climate reporting came into force and replaced the old ordinance the 29th of December 2014and have been operational since the preparation of submission 2015.The ordinance on climate reporting (OCR) describes the roles and responsibilitiesof the relevant government agencies in this area. The ordinance ensures that sufficient capacity is available for reporting. It also includes other improvementsneeded on the national level.Supplemental to the new ordinance, formal agreements between the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Swedish EPA) and other concerned national agencies have been signed, listing in detail what is required regarding content and timetable from each agency.Sweden also has legislation indirectly supporting climate reporting efforts byproviding a basis for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals. Environmental reports are submitted under the Environmental Code (SFS 1998:808), andthe Official Statistics Act (SFS 2001:99) imposes an obligation for large industriesto submit annual data. In addition, government agencies in Sweden must comply2
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT 2022Informative Inventory Report Sweden 20 22by the Information and Secrecy Act (offentlighets- och sekretesslag) (SFS2009:400).The General Statistics Act (SFS 2001: 99) and the associated ordinance (2001:100)concerning official statistics impose an obligation on companies and other organizations to submit annual data. The data then serve as a basis for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals in several sectors.There is legislation in Sweden that indirectly supports the work by providing a basis for the estimation of air pollutants. Under Chapter 26 Section 19 of the Environmental Code (1998:808), there is an obligation for annual environmental reports tobe submitted for certain environmentally hazardous activities so that governmentagencies can undertake supervision.The General Statistics Act (SFS 2001: 99) and the associated Ordinance(2001:100) Concerning Official Statistics impose an obligation on companies andother organizations to submit annual data. The data then serve as a basis for estimating air pollutants in several sectors.According to Directive 2003/87/EC and national Act (2004:1199) on emissiontrading, emission data for plants included in th
1.2 Inventory planning, preparation and management 5 1.2.1 Quality system 6 1.2.2 Training, awareness and skills 9 1.2.3 Inventory planning (PLAN) 9 1.2.4 Inventory preparation (DO) 10 1.2.5 QA/QC procedures and extensive review of emission inventory (CHECK) 12 1.2.6 Finalization, publication and submission of the inventory 14
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Inventory Approver and an Inventory Administrator has reviewed it and marked it to be posted to the core AM tables. In Process: The inventory transaction is being posted. Posted: Inventory Code and asset information updates have been posted to the core AM tables. PS 1.Use the Inventory Status field to approve or reject an inventory .
Annex A (informative) Cost and performance measurement analysis using earned value management data Annex B (informative) Schedule Analysis using earned value management data (Earned Schedule) Annex C (informative) Integrating other project management processes with earned value management Annex D (informative) Bibliography EV Management
16.1 Informative Speaking Goals. LEARNING OBJECTIVES. 1. Explain the importance of accuracy, clarity, and listener interest in informative speaking. 2. Discuss why speaking to inform is important. Identify strategies for making information clear and interesting to your speaking audience. A good informative speech conveys accurate
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Entering a new era Marc Fontaine, Airbus, on big data for planes Google visits TSE and exchanges with the students Christian Gollier on global warming and his new book Three evenings of public debate at TSE #19 SUMMER 2019. Editor ' messag Dear friends, In reaction to the “gilet jaune” social upheaval, France’s president Emmanuel Macron launched a Grand Débat .