Veterans Employment 2000 To 2013 - Veterans Affairs

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Veterans Employment2000 to 2013Prepared by the National Center for Veterans Analysis and StatisticsDecember 2014NCVASNational Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics

Data source is Current Population Survey The Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. CensusBureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the primary source oflabor force statistics for the population of the United States and District ofColumbia Current Population Survey, a sample of 60,000 households, data are collectedby personal and telephone interviews. Basic labor force data are gatheredmonthly; data on special topics are gathered in periodic supplementalsurveys CPS covers the civilian noninstitutional population, which includes personsage 16 and over but excludes people living in institutions (correctionalinstitutions, residential nursing, or mental health care facilities) and ActiveDuty Service Members in the Armed ForcesSource: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cps2

How do we define veterans?Key definitions Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in theUnited States Armed Forces and were civilians at the time of thesurvey. Members of the Reserve and National Guard are consideredto be Veterans if they have been mobilized for active military service Non-Veterans are men and women who have never served on activeduty in the United States military The civilian labor force is made up of the employed and theunemployed, excluding active military Service Members and othersliving in institutions Persons not in the labor force combined with those in the civilianlabor force constitute the civilian noninstitutional populationSource: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cps/faq.htm3

DefinitionofunemployedandunemploymentrateWho is counted as Unemployed? The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines the unemployed as– Persons who do not have a job, have actively looked for work in theprior 4 weeks, and are currently available for work– Workers expecting to be recalled from layoff are counted asunemployed, whether or not they have engaged in a specific jobseeking activity. In all other cases, the individual must have beenengaged in at least one active job search activity in the 4 weekspreceding the interview and be available for work (except fortemporary illness) The unemployment rate reflects the number of unemployed as apercentage of the civilian labor forceSource: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cps/faq.htm4

Veterans had slightly lower unemployment rates thannon-Veterans between 2000 and 201310%Annual unemployment averages of the total population18 Years and older (20 years and older for 2000 to 2006) by Veteran %0%Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/webapps/legacy/cpsatab5.htm5

Veterans 18 to 54 had similar or slightly lowerunemployment rates than non-VeteransAnnual unemployment averages of the population18 to 54 years old (20 years and older for 2000 to 2006) by Veteran ource: Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/webapps/legacy/cpsatab5.htm6

Unemployment rates for Veterans 55 and over weresimilar or slightly higher than those of non-VeteransAnnual unemployment averages of the population55 years and over, by Veteran %0%Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/webapps/legacy/cpsatab5.htm7

Male Veterans had lower unemployment rates thantheir non-Veteran contemporaries12%Annual unemployment averages of men18 years and older (20 years and older for 2000 to 2006) by Veteran status10%Percent8%6%4%Male VeteransMale non-Veterans2%0%Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/webapps/legacy/cpsatab5.htm8

Women Veterans experienced similar unemploymentrates as non-Veteran women10%Annual unemployment averages of women18 years and older (20 years and older for 2000 to 2006) by Veteran status9%8%Percent7%6%5%Female Veterans4%Female non-Veterans3%2%1%0%Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cps9

Veterans ages 25-34 as well as ages 65 and over were a growingsegment of the Veteran unemployed populationProportion of unemployed Veterans by age group, 18 years and older(20 to 24 years from 2000 to 2003)35%Percent30%25%18 to 24 Years20%25 to 34 Years35 to 44 Years15%45 to 54 Years55 to 64 Years10%65 Years and over5%0%200020032007Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cps200920102013Totals may not add to 100% because of rounding10

Among 722,000 unemployed Veterans in 2013about 60% were age 45 year and overUnemployed Veterans in 2013 by age group18 to 245%65 and Over15%25 to 3418%65 and Over55 to 6445 to 5455 to 6424%35 to 4417%35 to 4425 to 3418 to 2445 to 5422%Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cpsTotals may not add to 100% because of rounding11

Gulf War-era Veterans (1990-present)were about half of all unemployed Veterans in 2013Unemployed Veterans in 2013 by period of serviceGulf War era II — September 2001-presentGulf War era I — August 1990-August 2001Other periods24%Gulf War II28%Gulf War IIGulf War IWWII, Korea, VietnamWWII, Korea,Vietnam27%Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cpsOther periodsGulf War I21%Totals may not add to 100% because of rounding12

Veterans and especially Gulf War II Era Veteranswere more likely to work for theFederal government than non-VeteransEmployed Veterans in .8%70.4%68.8%50%Federal governmentState / local government40%Private nonagricultural30%Other work Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/cpsGulf War II EraVeteransTotals may not add to 100% because of rounding13

For more information Employment Situation of Veterans is available at:http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/vet.pdf “Veteran Labor Force in the Recovery” is available at:http://www.dol.gov/ Force.pdf “Women Veterans in the Labor Force” is available at:http://www.bls.gov/spotlight/2014/women-vets/ Women Veterans’ employment is available s.htm “Employment and earnings of recent Veterans: data from the CPS” is available f How the Government Measures Unemployment is available at:http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps htgm.htm CPS technical documentation is available ts14

Veterans Employment 2000 to 2013 Prepared by the National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics December 2014 NCVAS National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics . Data source is Current Population Survey The Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census

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