DEEP DIVE SESSION 1Sectoral Strategies for Transitioning to Low Carbon CitiesSUSTAINABLE ENERGY(ENERGY EFFICIENCY & RENEWABLE ENERGY)Abdul Razib DawoodChief Executive Officer1
NATIONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN(NEEAP) 2016-20251 billiontreesNATIONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN (NEEAP) 20162025NEEAP GUIDING PRINCIPLESSustainable DevelopmentEfficient Use of EnergyIncrease Competitiveness andWelfareConcerted ParticipationNEEAP STRATEGIC THRUSTSStrategic Thrust 1 :Implementation of EnergyEfficiency PlanStrategic Thrust 2 :Strengthen Institutional Framework,Capacity Development and Trainingfor Implementation of EE InitiativesStrategic Thrust 3 :Establishment of SustainableFunding Mechanisms To ImplementEnergy Efficiency InitiativesStrategic Thrust 4 :Promotion ofPrivate Sector Investment inEnergy Efficiency InitiativesNEEAP KEY INITIATIVESEquipment Program InitiativeIndustrial Program InitiativeBuildings Program Initiative1.Promotion of 5-Star RatedAppliances1.Energy Audits and Energy Managementin Industries1.Energy Audits and EnergyManagement in Buildings2.Minimum Energy PerformanceStandards (MEPS)2.Promotion of Co-generation2.Energy Efficient Building Design
BUILDING ENERGY LABEL (BEI LABEL)Star rating:1 star: Not efficient5 star: Most efficientBuilding Category:Office/Hospital/University/School &othersBuilding energy performanceUnit: kWh/m2/yearSTAR RATINGBEI RANGEVALUE5-StarBEI 1004-Star100 BEI 1303-Star130 BEI 1602-Star160 BEI 2501-StarBEI 250
ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM UNDERTHE RMK-11 (2016-2020)ENERGY AUDIT ANDENERGYMANAGEMENT ININDUSTRIAL SECTOR ENERGY AUDITCONDITIONAL GRANT(EACG)Objectives: To identify common energy saving measuresconducted in Industrial and Commercialinstallations To developed energy efficiency benchmarkfor each industrial sub-sector andcommercial sub-sector To promote the energy auditENERGYEFFICIENCYPROGRAMENERGY AUDIT,ENERGYMANAGEMENT& RETROFITPROGRAM INGOVERNMENTSECTORENERGY AUDITAND ENERGYMANAGEMENT INCOMMERCIALSECTOR ENERGY AUDITCONDITIONALGRANT (EACG) One of government initiativeunder “Government Lead byExample” Inclusive government officesand hospitals Retrofit measures includingimprovement of lighting andair conditioning systems.
EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENERGYREGULATIONS (EMEER) 2008Subjected to:Any installation consume electricityequal or exceeding 3,000,000 kWh in6 consecutive months1. To manage the electricityconsumptionDuties and Responsibilities of InstallationsTo appoint a Registered Electrical Energy Manager ;To submit a written confirmation of the appointment;2. Total annual consumption about40TWh annually3. About 25,000 installations underIndustry and about 1500 installationssubjected to EMEER 2008 andconsuming about 80% of totalindustry consumption.4. About 1.5 millions installationsunder Commercial and about 500installations subjected to EMEER2008.To submit information of affected installation Policy of EMEE Objectives of EMEE The Accounts & Document pertaining to EMEETo submit reports
Total REEM By Year1,26990%80%NUMBER ,4361,4540
MINIMUM ENERGY PERFORMANCE STANDARDGovern by Electricity Regulation 1994 gazetted on 3rd May 2013Air Conditioner Type :Non-ducted Single Split Wall Mounted Capacity 25,000 btu/hrFan Ceiling Fan with diameter less than 60 inch Wall fan,desk fan,table fan with diameter less than 16inchRefrigerator 1-door & 2-door onlyTelevision Type :LCD,PLASMA,LED,CRT Screen size up to or equal to 70 inchMEPS minimum requirement is 2-StarMore Stars More EfficientLamp T5 & T8 Fluorescent Lamp Self ballasted single capped CFL Single Capped Fluorescent Lamp & Circular Fluorescent Lamp Self ballasted LED Lamp8
MINIMUM ENERGY PERFORMANCE STANDARDMEPS ACHIEVEMENT(2013-2017)WAY FORWARD (2018-2022)Cumulative Savings 2013-2017 shall be 4937 GWhequivalent to 1.6 BillionCumulative Savings 2013-2022 expected to be 8,659GWh equivalent to 2.7 Billion165 milliontreesIntroduction of 6 new appliances regulated under MEPS6358197807437076739271,1241,1251,126ESTIMATED SAVING (GWH)Cumulative Saving2686GWhRM 850Mil1562GWhRM495 Mil Washing MachineRice CookerElectric FreezerMicrowaveCloth DryerOven3811GWh 4937GWhRM1.2 Bil RM 1.6Bil635GWhRM 201 Mil20132014201520162017The calculation of saving is calculated with baseline of Lowest of 2Star appliances. This baseline is determined with an assumptionthat if Malaysia did not adopt MEPS, then all the appliances thatwill be in the market are 2-Star rated product.20182019202020212022In June 2018, there will be a revision on testing method for refrigeratorand calculation method for air conditioner. Thus, the saving calculationmethod will be revised and the baseline will change. Thus, the savingvalue is expected to decrease. From 2018, saving expected to increase5% every year due to introduction of new appliances.
SUSTAINABILITY ACHIEVED VIA ENERGY 2.0 (SAVE)EFFICIENCY PROGRAMThe SAVE 2.0 program is an e-Rebate programof RM200 for the purchase of energy efficientair conditioners or refrigerators with 4- & 5stars ST energy efficient labeledType of DomesticAppliancesTargetE- Rebate per unitAllocation2021EstimatedSaving peryearAircond(split unit, wallmounted)Refrigerator 140,000 isi rumahRM200RM30 juta52.67 GWjRM20.78 juta35,553 tonne CO210
SUMMARYNEEAP 2016 - 2025BEI LABELEACGEMEER 2008MEPS 2013The Policy, Regulation and Initiatives mentionedare implemented with aim to REDUCE ENERGYCONSUMPTION as well as CARBON FOOTPRINT
WAY FORWARD FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY (EE) INMALAYSIAFUNDING MECHANISMPOLICY & LEGAL FRAMEWORKEstablish effective andsustainable fundingmechanism for EEprojectsStrengthen and streamline policy aswell as legal and institutionalframework – Enactment of newEnergy Efficiency and ConservationAct (Electrical and Thermal)CAPACITYTo improve the resourcesin EE such as expertenergy auditor and M&VENFORCEMENTIntensify enforcement ofEE legislationAWARENESSFoster EE culture amongindustry stakeholders andthe publicMONITORING (SMARTBUILDING)Improve monitoring system, datacollection and management, periodicenergy audit and analysis on savingpotential (smart meter and smartgrid)
NATIONAL ENERGY AWARDS (NEA) &ASEAN ENERGY AWARDS (AEA)13
LARGE SCALE SOLARPHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT,NET ENERGY METERING &SELF-CONSUMPTION
ENERGY POLICIES ON RENationalPetroleumPolicy (1975)Efficientutilization ofpetroleumresourcesEnsuring thenation exercisesmajority controlin themanagementand operation ofthe industryNationalEnergyPolicy (1979)NationalDepletionPolicy (1980)Supply Objective:Ensure adequate,secure & costeffective energysupplyTo prolong thelife span of thenation’s oil andgas reservesUtilization Objective:Promote efficientutilization of energyand eliminatewasteful and nonproductive usageEnvironmentalObjective :Minimize negativeimpacts to theenvironmentFour-fuelPolicy(1981)Aimed atensuringreliability andsecurity of supplythroughdiversification offuel (oil, gas,hydro and coal)Five-fuelPolicy(2001)Encourage theutilization ofrenewableresources such asbiomass, solar,mini hydro etcEfficient utilizationof energyNational REPolicy andAction Plan(2010)To prolong thelife span of thenation’s oil andgas reservesCOP 21:To reduce Malaysia’sGreenhouse Gas intensity ofGDP by 45% by 2030 relativeto the emissions intensity ofGDP in 2005
RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMMELargeScaleSolarFeed ndigenous RE resources to besold to power utilities at afixed premium price and forspecific duration Provides a conducive andsecuredinvestmentenvironment Provides incentives to REproducers as it only paysfor electricity producedAprogramthatallowselectricity produced from SolarPV to be sold to power utilitiesat a fixed price The procurement of solarpower plant is through acompetitivebiddingprocess1000MW target for theduration of 4 years from2017 – 2020 : LSS1 & LSS2500MW target to achieveCOD in 2021: LSS 31000MW target to achieveCOD in 2022 and 2023 :LSS MEnTARINEMRAKYAT,NEMGoMEn,NOVAA program that allows theenergy produced from theinstalled solar PV system to beconsumed first and any excesswill be exported to the grid Allocationcapacityof500MW by 2020 (one toone) Allocation of 500MW 2021– 2023SelfConsumptionA program that allows theenergy produced from theinstalled solar PV system forself-consumption.
OPERATIONAL SOLAR CAPACITIES IN PENINSULARMALAYSIARULE OF THUMB1MW 1.8 to 3.0 acres(assumption using 560W panelmodule)Solar irradiation3.98%4.29%0.7%LSSFITNEM34 MW17 MW1 MW22.81%6.90%13.91%LSSFITNEM195 MW27 MW24 SSFITNEMPERLIS0%2.18%0.95%0 MW9 MW2 MWKEDAHLSSFITNEM139 MW29 MW18 MW12.51%2.79%1.21%107 MW11 MW2 MWLSSFITNEM110 MW28 MW2 MW12.87%7.13%1.18%67 MW98 MW52 MW7.13% LSS12.39% FIT5.20% NEMLSSFITNEM61 MW48 MW9 MWTotal Operational Capacity:LSS855 MWFIT387 MWNEM181 MWLSSFITNEM57 MW19 MW4MW6.67%4.98%3.51%64 MW26 MW24 MW7.49%6.60%14.48%Notes:1. Data for LSS is as of 30 June 2021.2. Data for total NEM is as of 31 May 20213. Data for NEM percentage by states is of 7 April 2021.4. Data for solar FiT is as of Sept 2020.5. Percentage is in comparison to the specific programmes’operational capacities.
FEED-IN-TARIFF (FiT) PROGRAMMEMECHANISMMalaysia’s FiT system obliges Distribution Licensees (DLs) to buyfrom Feed-in Approval Holders (FIAHs) the electricity produced fromrenewable resources (renewable energy) and sets the FiT rate.The DLs will pay for renewable energy supplied to the electricity gridfor a specific duration.By guaranteeing access to the grid and setting a favourable price perunit of renewable energy, the FiT mechanism would ensure thatrenewable energy becomes a viable and sound long-terminvestment for companies industries and also for individuals.The quota is managed by Sustainable Energy DevelopmentAuthority (SEDA)PROCUREMENT MECHANISMThe procurement of FiT Solar Power Plant is through ballot.Solar FiT was only offered from 2011 – 2018.Mini HydroOperational70.30 MWBiomassOperational70.65 MWRELATED ACTRENEWABLE ENERGY ACT 2011An Act to provide for the establishment and implementation of aspecial tariff system to catalyse the generation of renewable energyand to provide for related matters.Renewable Energy covered under the RE Act are biomass, biogass,small hydropower & solar photovoltaicLandfill /BiogasOperational111.04 MWSolarOperational387.03 MW
LSS PROGRAMMEIMPLEMENTATION OF LSS AS PART OFMIXENERGYGUIDELINES“Guidelines for Large Scale Solar Photovoltaic Plantfor Connection to Electricity Network” has beendeveloped as a reference and guidance for thedevelopers.Project implementation will be in accordance toMalaysia’s Electricity Supply Act 1990 and itsrelated Regulations and Codes. Focus will be onsecurity of supply and reasonable, competitive costto consumers.PROCUREMENT MECHANISMEImplementation will be in steps, to manage theaddition to the system and the impact to tariff.The procurement of solar power plant is through acompetitive bidding process.COMMISSIONING & CAPACITY TARGETCycleCapacity Awarded*COD Target YearLSS 1371 MW2017 - 2018LSS 2522 MW2019 - 2020LSS 3491 MW2021LSSMentari823 MW2022 - 2023Jumlah**2207 MWNotes:1. *COD target year is as per specified during bidding2. **Not included fast track projects. Fast track project250MW
NEM AND NOVA PROGRAMMENET ENERGY METERING (NEM)GUIDELINES2016 - 2020“Guidelines for Solar Photovoltaic Installation on Net Energy MeteringScheme”The Government has introduced the Net EnergyMetering Scheme in November 2016 with quotaallocation of 500 MW up to year 2020 to encourageMalaysia’s Renewable Energy (RE) uptake.The concept of NEM is that the energy producedfrom the solar PV installation will be consumed first,and any excess will be exported to TNB at “one-onone” offset basis. Quota Taken Up*495MWOperational“Guidelines for Solar Photovoltaic Installation under the Programme ofNEM Rakyat and NEM GoMEn in Peninsular Malaysia”“Guidelines for Solar Photovoltaic Installation Under Net Offset VirtualAggregations (NOVA) Programme for Peninsular Malaysia”181MWNEM RAKYAT, NEM GoMEn & NOVAInitiative/CategoriesQuotaAllocationQuota OpeningDateQuota TakenUpNEM Rakyat100MW1 Feb 2021 – 31Dec 20238.61MWNEM GoMEn(GovernmentMinistries andEntities)100MW1 Feb 2021 – 31Dec 20233.4MWNOVA (Net OffsetVirtual Aggregation)300MW1 April 2021 –31 Dec 202326.46MW2021 - 2023The Government has provided more opportunitiesto electricity consumers to install solar PV systemson the roofs of their premises to save on theirelectricity bill.The new NEM will be in effect from 2021 to 2023and the total quota allocation is up to 500 MWwhich will be divided into the three (3) newinitiatives/ categories.Notes:1. *Cancelledquota hasbeen excludedfrom grandtotal figures.2. NEM 2.0 andNEM 3.0 datais as of May2021Application of Quotain progress : 230MW
NOVA PROGRAMME(CATEGORY A)Any excess energy produced in a month which is not consumedby the NOVA Consumer may be exported via the SupplySystem to the Distribution LicenseeValue of the exported energy shall be credited to theaccount of the NOVA Consumer to be used to offset the billpayment for the next Billing Period.i.Excess energy may be exported via the Distribution Network to the Distribution Licensee;ii.The value of the exported energy shall be credited to the account of the NOVA Consumer to be used to offset the billpayment for the next Billing Period.iii. The unit price (RM/kWh) of the energy exported in the Billing Period to the Distribution Network shall be based on theAverage SMP.iv. Only excess energy exported in the month can be used to offset bill payment for the next Billing Period and anyremaining excess energy shall be forfeited.v.The value of the credit cannot be used to offset the minimum monthly charge as stated in the tariff schedule.
NOVA PROGRAMME(CATEGORY B)i.ii.iii.iv.v.Any excess energy produced in a month which is not consumedby the NOVA Consumer may be exported via the DistributionNetwork up to three (3) Designated Premises.The value of the exported energy shall be credited to the accountof such Designated Premises to be used to offset the bill paymentfor the next Billing Period.The unit price (RM/kWh) of the energy exported in the BillingPeriod to the Distribution Network shall be based on the AverageSMP.Only excess energy exported in the month can be used to offsetbill payment for the next Billing Period and any remainingquantum shall be forfeited. The value of the credit cannot beused to offset the minimum monthly charge as stated in the tariffschedule.For the purpose of category B, a Designated Premises of theNOVA Consumer is a premises used or operated by its whollyowned subsidiary company
SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLARSELF – CONSUMPTIONGUIDELINESAllowed for PV rooftop PV installation encourageMalaysia’s Renewable Energy (RE) uptake.“Guideline on the Connection for Solar PhotovoltaicInstallation for Self-Consumption”Operational :122MW TxConnected
SOLAR IN PENINSULAR & SABAHCOMMITTED SOLAR CAPACITIES BYPROGRAMMEOPERATIONAL SOLAR CAPACITIES BYPROGRAMMEFIT12%FIT, 27%NEM14%LSS, 60%NEM, 13%LSS74%ProgrammesCapacity (MW)ProgrammesCapacity (MW)LSS2457LSS855NEM495NEM181FIT387FIT387
CAPACITIES OF SOLAR PROGRAMMEProgrammeCategoryCapacity AwardedIn OperationLSSSolar PV2,457MW855MWNEMNEM 2016 – 2020495MW181MWNEM RAKYAT8.61MW0.01MWNEM GoMEn3.4MW0MWNOVA24.46MW0MWFiTSolar PV387MW387MWOther FiTBiogass, biomass,small hydro963MW252MW3,241MW1,675.01TotalNotes:1. Data for FiT included Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Labuan.2. Data for NEM and FiT are based on report from SEDA as of 31 May 2021.3. Data for LSS is as of 30 June 2021.Application of Quota in progressfor NOVA : 230MW
renewable resources (renewable energy) and sets the FiT rate. The DLs will pay for renewable energy supplied to the electricity grid for a specific duration. By guaranteeing access to the grid and setting a favourable price per unit of renewable energy, the FiT mechanism would ensure that renewable energy becomes a viable and sound long-term
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