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FIDICAn Introduction to the 2017 FIDIC Suite

ContentsThe FIDIC conditions of contract have been inwidespread use internationally for decades andare the contract of choice for many internationalprocess plant and infrastructure projects particularlyin Europe, the Middle East and Asia.INTRODUCTIONIn December 2017, FIDIC published the secondedition of the Red Book (Conditions of Contractfor Construction), Yellow Book (Conditions ofConstruction for Plant and Design Build) and SilverBook (Conditions of Contract for EPC TurnkeyProjects) (“2017 FIDIC Suite”). This set of documents isintended to update the previous editionswhich were published in 1999.The 2017 FIDIC Suite is stated by FIDICto continue FIDIC’s fundamentalprinciples of balanced risk sharing whileseeking to build on the user experienceand to modernise the contracts. Theamendments are extensive with moredetailed contractual provisions, newdefinitions which are now containedin alphabetical order, and changes interminology, all of which have led to thecontracts becoming considerably longerthan the previous versions.Taylor Wessing has many years ofexperience in advising on FIDIC contractson projects in Europe, the Middle East andAsia.This briefing provides commentary onsome of the more important changes tothe 2017 FIDIC Suite. If you require furtherexplanation or assistance please contactyour usual Taylor Wessing contact, or oneof our experts listed at the back of thisbriefing.Overview and new structure5Extensions of time7Variations9Liability and indemnities11Claims Procedure15Disputes and Arbitration17Building Information Modelling193

Overview and new structureOverview and new structureOverview and new structureOn 5 and 6 December 2017 in London the International Federationof Consulting Engineers (commonly known as FIDIC, fr. FéderationInternationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils) launched its long-awaited2017 FIDIC Suite.At first glance 2017 FIDIC Suite appears to be more prescriptivebut at the same time more proactive than its predecessor FIDIC1999. The primary aim of the newly launched 2017 FIDIC Suite isto introduce increased clarity and certainty for the purposes ofreducing the risks of disagreements between the parties on theone hand and to further increase the probability of a successfulproject on the other. Broadly speaking the new 2017 FIDIC Suite isalso intended to: (i) encourage more active contract management,(ii) reflect international best practice, (iii) remodel and emphasizedispute avoidance.The structure of 2017 FIDIC Suite remains largely the same as theearlier 1999 edition. The contract consists of an Optional ContractAgreement, General Conditions and Particular Conditions. TheParticular Conditions have been split into Contract Data (formerlycalled the “Appendix to Tender”), the project specific informationwhich is to be completed by the parties and Special Provisionswhich are specific contractual provisions agreed between theparties.In terms of structural amendments, there are now 21 clauses (asopposed to the 20 clauses in the 1999 edition) and this is due tothe split of former clause 20 to separate ‘day-to-day’ parties’claims (Employer’s and Contractor’s Claims) from parties’ disputes(Disputes and Arbitration). New definitions, now in alphabeticalorder, have been added, i.e. among others “Claim”, “DelayDamages”, “Extension of Time”, whilst some have been renamed,i.e. “Force Majeure” to “Exceptional Events”.More detailed contract management obligations have beenimposed on both parties through: (i) introduction of the cocalledconcept of “Advance Warning” of any future events which mayhave an adverse effect on performance of the Works, increase ofthe Contract Price or delay in execution of the Works (Sub-Clause8.4), (ii) significant extension of details concerning the Contractor’sprogramme, e.g. start and end dates for each activity, the floatand critical path (Sub-Clause 8.3), (iii) new management meetings(Sub-Clause 3.8) and an updated quality management system(Sub-Clause 4.9).(Sub-Clause 1.13 (c)), obligations not to poach staff (Sub-Clause6.3), advance warning obligations (Sub-Clause 8.4). This furtherprovides a fair and balanced approach to risk allocation.An enhanced, strengthened and clarified role of the Engineer hasbeen marked in the 2017 FIDIC Suite (Sub-Clause 3.7), pursuantto which the obligation of the Engineer’s neutrality has beenconfirmed and details of the Engineer’s role in dealing with parties’claims through a step-by-step procedure has been re-introduced.Considerable modifications have been incorporated to the designprovisions in relation to the so-called Fitness for Purpose (FFP)requirements (Sub-Clause 4.1), under the new version of which “if nopurpose is stated in the Employer’s Requirements, then the Worksmust be fit for their ordinary purpose”. The foregoing modificationis further backed up by: (i) the indemnity clause, according towhich the Contractor is required to indemnify the Employer forfailures of the Works or any Section or any major item of Plant notbeing FFP (Sub-Clause 17.4), and (ii) the Contractor’s obligationto hold professional indemnity insurance against its liabilities forfailure to achieve FFP requirements (Sub-Clause 19.2.3).Best practice provisions have also been incorporated in the new2017 FIDIC Suite, e.g. Sub-Clauses 2.3 and 6.9, pursuant to whichindividuals engaged in fraud, corruption and similar practices canbe removed at the request of one of the parties. Similarly, safetyprovisions (Sub-Clause 4.8) and quality assurance provisions(Sub-Clause 4.9) have been expanded and updated.There are new Procedural Regulations for DAB Dispute Avoidance/Adjudication proceedings (now called DAAB proceedings), andtemplates of other contract documents such as the Letters ofTender, Performance Security documentation (such as ParentCompany Guarantee and Performance Bonds) and an advisorynote to users about Building Information Modelling. A new disputeavoidance role has been assigned to DAAB (Dispute Avoidanceand Adjudication Board), whereby it can also provide ‘informalassistance’ to the parties. DAAB is thus now intended to have amore prominent role to attempt to resolve any disputes betweenthe parties. Also, the standing DAAB is now to apply in all threeof the contracts as opposed to FIDIC 1999, wherein ad-hoc DABswere provided in the Yellow and Silver Books.Undoubtedly, the significant increase of the rights and obligationsof the parties which are based on the principle of reciprocitycan be found throughout the text of the new 2017 FIDIC Suite,e.g. obligation to assist the Employer in obtaining its permits4SYLWESTER ŻYDOWICZ, PARTNER, POLAND5

Extensions of timeExtensions of timeExtensions of timeThe extension of time (EOT) provisions are largely unchangedin respect of which events of delay entitle the Contractor to anextension of time, although the provisions are now contained inSub-Clause 8.5 rather than Sub-Clause 8.4. Note, however, thatthe exceptionally adverse weather provision has been altered sothat the Contractor’s entitlement to an extension of time is limitedto Unforeseeable adverse climatic conditions at the Site whichmay place an increased burden on a Contractor when making aclaim.Another notable addition is with regards to claims during periodsof concurrent delay (being circumstances where a Contractor’sdelaying event and a separate Employer’s delaying event arerunning in parallel). In these circumstances, Sub-Clause 8.5provides that the Contractor’s entitlement to an EOT shall beassessed in accordance with any rules or procedures provided forby the parties in the Special Provisions of the Particular Conditions,or if none are so stated “as appropriate taking due regard ofall relevant circumstances”. Concurrent delay is a contentiousarea and the subject of increasing debate in the Courts, but it isunclear what these words actually mean in practice or the extentto which this will clarify matters when claims arise. What happensif, for instance, the delay for which the Employer is responsiblecommences or occurs a week prior to the delay for which theContractor is responsible but both events in fact cause delay tocompletion. It is unlikely that this clause will prevent disputes insuch circumstances.6Parties should note that Sub-Clause 8.5 must also be viewedagainst the FIDIC’s increased focus on contract management,risk sharing and administration, particularly in respect ofclaims notification (dealt with separately in this briefing) andthe increased duties towards programme updates and “earlywarning” notifications in Sub-Clauses 8.3 and 8.4. The emphasis ofthe 2017 FIDIC Suite is to enable contemporaneous identificationand management of delays. In terms of Sub-Clause 8.3, 2017 FIDICSuite replicates the previous burden on a Contractor to issuerevised programmes “whenever any programme ceases to reflectactual progress or is otherwise inconsistent with the Contractor’sobligations” but increases the amount of detail a programmemust contain.At Sub-Clause 8.4 each party now has the responsibility ofproviding an advance warning of matters which might, forinstance, adversely affect the work, delay the execution ofthe work, or result in an increase to the Contract Price. Theseprovisions can be seen as both a positive amendment to FIDIC(in that it will hopefully lead to more efficient management of aContract, and because proper notification may have the effect oflimiting the rejection of valid claims), but can also be seen as anadministrative burden which provides an easy excuse for claimsbeing rejected if the Engineer was not provided with sufficientwarning or contractually-compliant programme updates.PAUL BLAKEWAY, SENIOR ASSOCIATE, DUBAI7

VariationsVariationsVariationsThe Variation procedure itself at Sub-Clause 13.3 is much moredetailed under the 2017 FIDIC Suite. Now there is a specificprocedure dealing with variations initiated by the Engineer namely,Variation by Instruction and Variation by Request for Proposal,and how the Contractor must respond to this. The procedure forinstructed variations is not entirely new but the update is muchmore prescriptive as to what the Engineer and Contractor haveto do than was previously the case. An instructed Variation mustalso now be clearly stated to be a “Notice” and comply with theprovisions of Sub-Clause 1.3 regarding its communication.If the Engineer does instruct a Variation, the Contractor mustwithin 28 days of receiving the Notice (or other period agreed)submit certain information to the Engineer. The introduction ofthis time period is new. The information which must be providedby the Contractor is more detailed. For example, the Contractormust provide details of the resources and method to be adoptedand proposal for adjustment to the Contract Price with supportingparticulars for any change to the Contract Price (including detailsof any omissions). Parties (i.e. the Employer and the Contractor)can now agree to the omission of any work which is to be carriedout by others and in such case, the Contractor’s proposal mayalso include the amount of any loss of profit and other losses anddamages suffered (or to be suffered) by the Contractor as a resultof the omission. The updated clause clarifies that if the Contractorcomplies with this procedure, the Engineer must proceed inaccordance with Sub-Clause 3.7 to determine any extension oftime (EOT) or adjustment to the Contract Price and Schedule ofPayments, if any. Sub-Clause 3.7 introduces new procedures andtime limits for determining the EOT and price adjustment. TheEngineer is to encourage the parties to reach agreement andgive a Notice of Agreement within a time limit of 42 days (or withinsuch other time limit agreed by both parties), and if the partiesfail to agree, the Engineer then has a further time limit of 42 days(or within such other time limit agreed by both parties) to make afair determination and give a Notice of Determination. Where theContractor is dissatisfied with the determination, the Contractorhas to give a Notice of Dissatisfaction with the Engineer’sDetermination within 28 days after receipt of the Engineer’sdetermination, failing which the determination is final and binding.There are also two methodologies set out for valuing Variations,namely, Cost Plus Profit when no Schedule of Rates and Pricesis included in the Contract, and rates or prices specified in theSchedule of Rates and Prices when such a schedule is includedin the Contract.8At Sub-Clause 13.1 there are more grounds for the Contractorto object to a Variation. These include that the work wasUnforeseeable having regard to the scope and nature of the Works,the proposed variation will adversely affect the Contractor’s abilityto comply with health and safety and environmental protectionobligations, and that it may adversely affect the Contractor’sobligation to complete the works so that they are fit for purposeunder Sub-Clause 4.1. The Engineer can cancel, confirm or vary theinstruction, but if it is confirmed or varied it is then treated as aninstructed Variation. There are however, no time limits given savefor the provision that the Contractor must give notice promptlyand the Engineer must respond promptly.There is a new procedure stipulating how the Engineer mustrespond to a proposal for value engineering from the Contractorat Sub-Clause 13.2. It is left to the Engineer to determine theadjustment to the Contract Price, taking into consideration thesharing of “any benefit, costs and/or delay” between the partiesas may be stated in the Particular Conditions (although there isno relevant reference to Sub-Clause 13.2 in the Contract Datasection of the Contract Particulars).There is now new provision for the Engineer to require theContractor to produce quotations from suppliers in relation toProvisional Sums.The process for dealing with quotations for Daywork is set outin more detail. There is also provision for the determination ofdisagreement relating to statements under Sub-Clause 3.7.The change in law provisions have been expanded to include achange in any permit, permission, licence or approval obtained bythe Employer or the Contractor under Sub-Clause 1.13 or changesin the requirements for any such permits, permission, license orapproval. There is now also a process whereby the Employer canrequest a reduction in the Contract Price as a result of any changein laws.Sub-Clause 3.5 now includes a mechanism by which theContractor can give a Notice to the Engineer with its reasons whenthe Contractor considers an instruction constitutes a Variation(or involves work that is already part of an existing Variation) ordoes not comply with applicable Laws or will reduce the safety ofthe Works or is technically impossible. The Engineer has 7 days torespond upon receipt of the Notice by giving a Notice confirming,reversing or varying the instruction, failing which the instruction isdeemed to be revoked. There is however, no guidance on whathappens if the Contractor does not give such notice.ANDRÉ GUSKOW, SALARY PARTNER, GERMANY9

Liability and indemnitiesLiability and indemnitiesLiability and indemnitiesLiabilityThe limitation of liability clause has been given greater prominencein its relocation to the front of the Contract at Sub-Clause 1.15.There are now more carve outs to the exclusion of liability forloss of profit, loss of use, loss of contract or any indirect and/orconsequential loss e.g. delay damages. Parties should pay closeattention to the carve outs to ensure that they are appropriate forthe project. In relation to the total cap on liability of the Contractor,provisions have been inserted to make it clear that limitationsof liability will not apply in the case of fraud, gross negligence,deliberate default or reckless misconduct. So, for example, delaydamages will not be capped in these circumstances.10There has been a clarification in respect of the fitness for purposeobligation at Sub-Clause 4.1. The works must now be fit for thepurpose as defined in the Employer’s Requirements rather thanthe Contract. Where no purpose is specified, the works must be fitfor their “ordinary purpose”. Employers should take care to specifythe purpose prescriptively if they have particular requirements inmind.NATALIE PILAGOS, SENIOR COUNSEL, UNITED KINGDOM11

Liability and indemnitiesLiability and IndemnitiesLiability and IndemnitiesIndemnitiesThe indemnity provisions in the 2017 FIDIC Suite differ in somematerial respects. Although the old Sub-Clause 17.1 did includeindemnities given from both the Employer and the Contractor, theindemnities were more favourable to the Employer. The new formsinclude more indemnities going back to the Contractor so as tointroduce more reciprocity.However, there is also a significant and controversial newindemnity given by the Contractor to the Employer in respect ofall acts, errors and omissions by the Contractor in carrying outthe design obligations that results in the Works, when completed,not being fit for purpose. Although, Sub-Clause 1.15 makes it clearthat the Contractor is not liable for loss of profit, loss of use, loss ofcontract or any indirect and/or consequential loss which arises asa result of such breach, and as noted above there is an overall capon the Contractor’s liability, this is still an onerous new obligation.Contractors will need to discuss this provision with their insurersand watch out for attempts to amend the exclusion at SubClause 1.15.iii) Exceptional Events – these replace the old form of“Employer’s Risks” (and it should also be noted thatsome of these events are now consolidated with whatwas “Force Majeure”). The list of Exceptional Eventsis broadly similar to the 1999 form but there are somesignificant differences. A notable change is thatpreviously certain risks/events were expressly stated ashaving to be “within the Country”. This wording has nowbeen omitted, taking into account, for example, that ariot in another country may have a potential impact forwhich the Contractor. New inclusions in the list includestrikes not solely involving the Contractor’s Personneletc. and natural catastrophes.iv) Any act or default of the Employer’s Personnel or theEmployer’s other contractors. This is a new additionwhich now mirrors the equivalent indemnity given bythe Contractor. Shared indemnitiesThe 2017 FIDIC Suite includes a provision which effectivelystates that each party’s liability to the other shall be reducedproportionately to the extent that any event is contributed toby a risk for which the other party is responsible. Intellectual and Industrial Property RightsThe indemnities in respect of infringements in respect ofintellectual and industrial intellectual property rights arebroadly unchanged.In summary, the other key indemnity provisions are Bodily injury, sickness, disease or deathThere are no substantive changes. The Contractor is stillresponsible and indemnifies the Employer for such claimsunless they are attributable to any negligence, wilful actor breach of the Contract by the Employer, the Employer’sPersonnel or their respective agents, and this is matched by areciprocal Employer’s indemnity as before. Damage to or loss of any property (other than the Works)This indemnity remains substantively the same to theextent given by the Contractor. The substantive changesto the Employer’s indemnities in respect of damage to orloss of any property (other than the Works) include newprovisions for:i)Interference with certain rights e.g. rights to light, whichare the unavoidable consequence of the Works.Parties may want to amend the indemnities to reflect what hasbeen priced. However, any such modifications or adjustmentsneed to be made with due care and it is suggested, to reflect theinsurance arrangements applicable to the project. Ideally, theparties’ insurance advisors would review the indemnity provisionsand confirm any inconsistencies and/or gaps prior to the contractbeing entered into.ii) Any operation of the forces of nature which is“Unforeseeable” or which an experienced contractorshould have taken adequate preventative precautionsother than those allocated to the Contractor at theContract Date. This was in the 1999 forms, however, theability to now allocate risk for certain forces of natureat the Contract Date is a change. The parties shouldcarefully consider who ought to bear such risks.12NATALIE PILAGOS, SENIOR COUNSEL, UNITED KINGDOM13

Claims ProcedureClaims ProcedureClaims ProcedureMaterial changes have been made to the claims procedureunder the 2017 FIDIC Suite. While through these changes a ratherdetailed and elaborated new claims procedure is established, italso imposes significant additional administrative requirementson the parties and reliable and diligent contract managementbecomes even more important. Failure to strictly comply with theserequirements may result in a loss of claims within very short period(the consequences, however, may significantly differ dependingon the applicable law).One of the most significant changes in the 2017 FIDIC Suite is thatthe entire claims procedure has become mutual, i.e. the sameprocedure now applies for claims of both, the Contractor aswell as the Employer. The former rather large gap between therespective claims procedures in the 1999 FIDIC Suite (Sub-Clause2.5 for Employer’s Claims versus Sub-Clause 20.1 for Contractor’sClaims), imposing a strict procedure on the Contractor while theEmployer was not required to comply with such procedure, hasoften been an issue resulting in heavy disputes when negotiatingParticular Conditions. It will be interesting to observe whether suchdisputes will now decrease and Employers will accept the newstrict requirements.If one party considers itself to have a claim for payment and/or extension of time (EOT), the new Sub-Clause 20.2 requiressuch party to submit a “Notice” latest within 28 days. Failure togive such “Notice” in time will generally result in a loss of such14claims. While this seems to be more or less identical to the formerprocedure applicable to the Contractor, the new definition of“Notice” and the requirements in Sub-Clause 1.3 can become acontractual monster which may quite easily destroy the prospectsof a claim. According to these new provisions, a “Notice” must beidentified as such, i.e. a valid “Notice” cannot be given within anyother communication not expressly identified as “Notice” and maythus not be “just” a paragraph in a general letter or in minutes ofmeeting any more. Even though the risk of losing claims increases,this new requirement ensures that claims have to be clearlycommunicated and potential disputes are discovered when theyarise which is a useful improvement for all parties involved.While the further procedure once a “Notice of Claim” is made stillrequires the Engineer to agree or determine a matter or claim,the respective provisions in Sub-Clause 3.7 of the 2017 FIDIC Suite(Sub-Clause 3.5 in the Silver Book) are far more detailed andformalistic. Failure to comply with the respective requirementsmay – again – result in a loss of claim. Thus, Contractors as wellas Employers may want to modify the new claims procedure byagreeing changes in Particular Conditions or adjusting it due tomajor inconsistencies with the applicable law. However, any suchmodifications or adjustments need to be made with due carein order to prevent material disadvantages or the imposition ofsubstantial risks underANDRÉ GUSKOW, SALARY PARTNER, GERMANY15

Disputes and ArbitrationDisputes and ArbitrationDisputes and ArbitrationClause 20 of the 1999 FIDIC Suite which covered the multi-tierdispute resolution provisions has been divided into two parts inthe 2017 FIDIC Suite. Clause 20 is now solely dealing with Claimswhereas Clause 21 covers Disputes and Arbitration.Major principles of dispute resolution already known from the1999 FIDIC Suite can still be found in the 2017 version. First of all,a claim has to be filed with the Engineer (with the Employer’sRepresentative in the Silver Book) which – if not settled and a partydisagrees with the Engineer’s determination – may be referred toDispute Adjudication again attempting an amicable settlementand thereafter to ICC Arbitration.However, the 2017 FIDIC Suite also contains a number of majorchanges and deviations compared to the 1999 version: TheDispute Adjudication Board (DAB) of the 1999 FIDIC Suite hasbeen changed into a Dispute Avoidance/Adjudication Board(DAAB), the latter now being a standing (!) DAAB in the Yellow andSilver Book, as already stipulated in the Red Book, rather than anad-hoc DAB. The DAAB shall now be appointed within 28 daysfollowing contract signature unless the parties agree otherwise.Learning from the 2008 Gold Book, the 2017 FIDIC Suite now putsmore emphasis on amicable settlements by allowing the partiesto ask the DAAB to provide assistance and/or informally discussand attempt to resolve any issue or disagreement. In this contextit is worth mentioning that the procedural rules for the DAAB havebeen tremendously expanded and have become more complex.Most remarkably there is the obligation of the DAAB to convenewith the parties on a regular basis even if formal proceedings arenot pending. This will undoubtedly lead to additional cost of thedispute adjudication process.Further, any amount decided upon by the DAAB or the ArbitralTribunal as being payable from one to the other party shallnow become immediately payable without the necessity of anyfurther certification or notice and the Engineer is bound by DAABdecisions.As in the 1999 FIDIC Suite, a Notice of Dissatisfaction (NOD) maybe issued with respect to a decision of the DAAB. However, thenew 2017 FIDIC Suite now allows to only partially contest suchdecisions. The parts defined in the NOD as being disputed (andany parts affected by such statement) shall then be deemed to becontested whereas the rest of the decision will become final andbinding upon the Parties.If one party does not adhere to a binding (even still not final)decision of the DAAB, the other party may refer the decisiondirectly to Arbitration under the 2017 FIDIC Suite. The ArbitralTribunal is then empowered to hand down an interim or provisionalmeasure or an award enforcing the decision of the DAAB. However,the before described provisional measures of the Arbitral Tribunalare of course subject to the final and binding decision on themerits of the matter.Finally, it should be noted that the arbitration clause has beenamended with respect to the number of arbitrators to beappointed, now providing for “one or three arbitrators” instead offormerly threeIn statutory law provisions of some civil law countries, referenceof a dispute to the DAAB shall now be deemed to interrupt therunning of any applicable limitation periods. However, in light ofthe 28 days amicable settlement period to be observed priorto commencement of an arbitration, it remains unclear, if suchlimitation periods might start running again in the meantime.16JANINA POCHHAMMER, PARTNER, GERMANY17

Building Information ModellingBuilding Information ModellingBuilding Information ModellingThere is no specific reference in the General Conditions of the2017 FIDIC Suite to Building Information Modelling (or “BIM” as it iscommonly known). BIM is described as not being a set of contractconditions but a mechanism to provide an environment to accessinformation relevant to respective parties’ roles.The 2017 FIDIC Suite does include however Advisory Notes whichprovides some guidance for projects in relation to the use of BIMand for the parties involved with the same. The Advisory Noteincludes summaries of the following matters: Which BIM service provider is preferred? Contingency planning to deal with technology advances,BIM Protocol changes or even service providers ceasing tooperate or exist. Are all designers and other participants enabled toparticipate with the BIM Protocol? This seems a conditionprecedent to selection. What resources will be required from all designers and otherparticipants?1. Background and use of BIM, as well as benefits.2. Reference to co-ordination and goals typically beingachieved by a BIM Protocol and a BIM Execution Plan.Protocols tend to regulate obligations and rights whereasExecution Plans and similarly named documents set outdeliverables and allocate responsibilities for the same.3. Risks in working with BIM including: Scope of service matters, presumably where the BIM modeldoes not correlate with the services being performed,individually or possibly more widely Use of data and reliance issues Poor quality data and/or management of the same Security matters Deliverables and approval mechanisms4. Transition from a design or construction phaseto an as-built phase. What cost will this resource involve? Further what ongoingcosts after the design and construction phase ought to beallocated for maintaining the data? What copyright and other rights may exist in respect ofdesigns or other data? Are there inconsistencies between any BIM Protocol and thesuite of building contract(s), sub-contract(s) and consultantappointments? From experience this occurs frequently andcan be problematic.In our view, the construction industry will need to continue todeal with innovation and technology advances. BIM is part of thecurrent evolution in the digital world but the industry has alreadynavigated through earlier technological change with computeraided design, electronic data interchanges and digitisation.Together with increasingly available smart technology, artificialintelligence and global connectivity, the construction industry isalready an industry of tomorrow.Looking ahead, FIDIC state that there are to publish “TechnologyGuidelines” and a “Definition of Scope Guideline Specific to BIM”in due course which will provide support and guidance to thoseusing BIM and FIDIC forms. That suggests that further workinggroups and possibly consult

The FIDIC conditions of contract have been in widespread use internationally for decades and are the contract of choice for many international process plant and infrastructure projects particularly in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In December 2017, FIDIC published the second edition of the Red Book (Conditions of Contract

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