The Invisible Killer: Electrical Safety In The Food And Drink Industry .

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The invisible killerFood and DrinkGroupFood and DrinkGroupElectrical safety in the food and drink industryGUIDANCE FOR r responsibilities03Pre-start checks and defect reporting03Creating a positive safety culture04Cleaning issues04Moveable equipment (including scales)05Own equipment and DIY repairs05Electrical maintenance05Summary06Guidance and further reading06Food and DrinkGroupFood and DrinkGroup

IntroductionHazardsElectricity has been used commercially for over 100Electricity can be dangerous if not well controlled, particularly in thefood and drink industry, which has lots of equipment and machinery,often in wet areas.years and has transformed our workplaces. It’s difficultto imagine modern life without it. Used properly,electricity is both safe and extremely useful. However,we can’t see, hear, taste or smell electricity and wetend to take it for granted.HSE-sponsored research in 2010 revealed that electrical fitters in theelectrical wiring installation industries suffer the largest number ofaccidents involving electricity. This means that it is electricians who aremost at risk from electricity-related accidents.But it’s not only electricians who might be affected by an electricalaccident – it can be users of equipment too. Have you ever found a plugwith water in it after cleaning? Have you ever cleaned equipment andslopped water over it? Have you, or someone working for you, ever hada shock from equipment such as scales or conveyors? Did you report theshock or did you just brush it off as a ‘bit of static’?Electricity can cause:- shocks- burnsDID YOUKNOW- fires.?DID YOUKNOW?DID YOU KNOW?Electrical burns can take an extremely longtime to heal – sufferers often have to remain inhospital for weeks or even months.Injuries caused by electrical accidents can be horrific. In the UK, you’re10 times more likely to die from an electrical accident than accidentsdue to other causes.The ratio of fatal to major and reportable injuries from electrical causesis illustrated below.1This training package is aimed at managers, supervisors, employeesand electricians working in the food and drink industry, where there areparticular issues such as pressure to keep machines operating and usingwater to clean equipment.Fatality13Major injuries36Reportable accidentsIt will explain the hazards and controls that must be put in placeto protect electricians and users of equipment working in theseenvironments.It will also give you some background information about electricalhazards and controls and will outline your responsibilities in relation toelectrical safety.The training package aims to help you ensure that people working foryou, including electricians and electrical contractors, are safe.02

Many people may have had an electric shock with no ill effects.Shocks can occur in a number of ways, but perhaps the mostcommon is hand-to-hand or hand-to-foot contact, as shown below.LLNNHand-to-hand contactHand-to-foot contactThe effect of a shock depends on the:- current path- amount of current- duration.The effect of current on the human body is shown below.Current (mA)*0.2 to 1.010 to 16EffectYou’re in charge of your department and team. That includescontrolling the risks from electricity.Your responsibilities include:- ensuring that pre-start checks are completed properly- ensuring defects are dealt with- checking and signing off that actions are done- creating a culture which encourages people to work safely and toreport defects- ensuring that the people you’re responsible for are safe andunderstand electrical hazards and controls- giving electricians working in your area sufficient time to risk assessjobs and take the appropriate precautions- taking care of everyone in your area.Pre-start checks and defect reportingTo make sure equipment is safe, machine operators or supervisorsmust carry out checks at the start of the shift. This includes checkson electrical parts of the equipment such as plugs, cables and controlcabinets.There should be a pre-start check sheet that details the checks tobe made. Any defects should be reported and repaired. It’s thesupervisor’s and manager’s responsibility to ensure that any defects arecorrected.Threshold of perceptionLimit of ‘let go’; muscles contract30Breathing difficult; ‘safe’ limit50Irregular heartbeat60Breathing problemsmore than 60Your responsibilitiesHeart fibrillation, electric burns*mA milliamps or thousandths of an ampBy way of comparison, a domestic cooker typically has a 30,000 mA(30 amp) supply, which is more than enough energy or current tocause a significant electric shock.03

Creating a positive safety cultureCleaning issuesMost people come to work to do a good job and expect to returnhome safe and healthy. You’re responsible for the safety of thoseunder your care and for creating a culture where staff keep themselvesand their colleagues safe.To prevent the danger of electric shock during cleaning, electricalequipment must be switched off and isolated, unless the riskassessment states otherwise.Often electrical equipment is taken for granted and can be misused.It’s your responsibility to ensure that workers are aware of the risksand don’t misuse equipment such as plugs and sockets.Water in electrical equipment can be extremely hazardous, so beforecleaning equipment, electrical cabinets and plugs must be protected.Remember: you wouldn’t allow your television set to be hosed down athome, so don’t permit the hosing down of electrical equipment at work.Cable damage can be prevented if plugs are removed carefullyfollowing use. Only competent and authorised electrical workersshould hold keys for electrical cabinets.04

Moveable equipment (including scales)Own equipment and DIY repairsPulled earth cables, where the earth lead is detached from the terminal,can be a problem. It’s particularly likely to happen on equipment thatcan be moved around. Report any damage to plugs and leads, andalways carefully plug and unplug equipment such as scales.Most sites don’t allow people to bring their own electrical equipment,such as radios and kettles, on site. This is because all such equipmentmust be properly maintained. If such equipment is allowed on site, itshould be inspected and tested.Also, make sure that you inspect equipment before use.Also, operatives shouldn’t fix electrical equipment unless they’recompetent and authorised to do so – call a qualified person to ‘getit going’.Electrical maintenanceElectricians are the competent people in terms of electrical safety. Theymust be authorised by the site electrical duty holder to carry out work.The electrical regulations require work to be undertaken dead in mostcircumstances. When electricians have to do live work, such as testing,it needs to be in controlled circumstances, and an assessment ofthe risks must be undertaken. Barriers, the correct tools, a clean, dryenvironment and appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) areall important in keeping electricians safe.Production pressure shouldn’t be used as an excuse for workingunsafely. When electricians are working in your area, you’re responsiblefor their safety and you should ensure they’re working correctly.05

DID YOKNOW USummary?DID YOUKNOW?Guidance and further readingDID YOU KNOW?In the UK, one in 50 electrical accidents at workresults in a fatality, compared with one in 600from other causes.You’re 10 times more likely to die from anelectrical incident than from an incident due toanother cause.- Electricity can be dangerous if it’s not well controlled.- Electricity can cause shocks, as well as burns and fires.- To prevent shocks, electrical equipment must be well maintained1 The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989.2 Memorandum of Guidance on the Electricity at Work Regulations1989. Guidance on Regulations. HSR25. 2007.3 Electricity at work: safe working practices. HSG85. 2013.4 Electrical Safety Council. Guidance on the management of electricalsafety and safe isolation procedures for low voltage installations.Best Practice Guide no. 2 issue 2. 2009.5 Institution of Engineering and Technology. IET Wiring Regulations.17th edition. BS 7671:2008, incorporating amendment no. 1, 2011.and you must make sure any damage is put right.- You should create a safety culture where people working in yourdepartment treat electrical equipment with respect.- Remember: if you do this, people in your department will go homesafely.The IOSH Food and Drink Group has nearly 1,000 membersworking in the food and drink manufacturing, bottling andcanning industries.As part of our work to share good practice, we run an awardsscheme, support the national ‘Recipe for safety’ initiative, organisenetworking events and produce good practice guidance onissues specific to our industries.For more information contact networks@iosh.co.uk.Free videos and guidance are at www.iosh.co.uk/electricalsafety.IOSH, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, UKt 44 (0)116 257 3100 f 44 (0)116 257 3101 www.iosh.co.ukInstitution of Occupational Safety and HealthFounded 1945Incorporated by Royal Charter 2003Registered charity 1096790POL1669/240913/PDFThis training package explains some of the principles of working safelywith electricity, which are underpinned by the Electricity at WorkRegulations 1989 and supporting guidance. This guidance is listed inthe next section and is recommended for further reading.06

Electrical safety in the food and drink industry the heart of health and safety Food and Drink Group Food and Drink Group Food and Drink Group Food and Drink Group Food and Drink Group Frutiger 55 Roman 11.35pt/11.35pt with judicial tracking and kerning Distance from logo is 0.5 of the 'x'-height of the letter 'i' in the logo (without .

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