Federal Civil Ip Litigation

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CHINA IP ROAD SHOW 2019ENFORCING IP RIGHTS IN THE U.S.-FEDERAL CIVIL IP LITIGATIONKeith J. McWha, PartnerDirect: 908.518.6360Email: kmcwha@lernerdavid.com

Civil Enforcement of IP in the U.S.I. U.S. Courts– Federal Courts– State CourtsII. U.S. Administrative Bodies U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)– Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)– Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)2

What U.S. Courts Can You Use? Federal Courts– Patents and Copyrights have Exclusive Jurisdiction– Trademarks have Original Jurisdiction– Diversity Jurisdiction: Citizens of different states orcountries AND a monetary value of at least 75,000 State Courts- unless diversity or Federal law violated– Trademark cases may be heard– Contracts– Product liability– Trade secrets3

Example of Federal Law Exception Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA)– Before DTSA, companies seeking remedy for tradesecret misappropriation had to sue in state court absentdiversity jurisdiction or independent federal COA– State laws protecting against trade-secretmisappropriation differs from state to state– Different definition of “trade secret”, different statutes oflimitations, and different remedies for trade-secretmisappropriation4

Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA) DTSA provides a uniform law applied in federalcourt DTSA does not preempt existing state trade-secretlaws-may be coupled with state law Remedies include Civil Seizure prior to finding ofmisappropriation– ex parte application trade-secret owner, court may“issue an order providing for the seizure of propertynecessary to prevent the propagation or disseminationof the trade secret that is the subject of the action”– Showing needed of an immediate and irreparable injury5

Federal Courts District (Trial) Courts– Organized by state– Can be more than one district in a state Circuit Courts of Appeal– Right to appeal District Court decisions– Usually three judges hear appeal– All patent cases go to Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit U.S. Supreme Court– Decides what appeals it will hear– Law of the land6

Patent Litigation Process (Generally) Complaint / Answer and Counterclaim Selection of trial court Fights over jurisdiction (transfer or dismiss) Declaratory Judgment Accused infringer can sue first Strategic value to accused infringer Deliver (serve) Complaint to adversary7

Patent Litigation Process (Generally) Preliminaries Exchange of initial documents and identification ofkey persons Protective Order to maintain confidentiality First meeting with judge Potential settlement exploration Initial timetable for case8

Patent Litigation Process (Generally) Discovery Ask and answer written questions about case underoath Ask for, obtain and review internal documents ofopposing party (including electronic documents) Depositions – sworn testimony given to opposingparty's attorney Periodic conferences and hearings with judge Expert witnesses and reports – technical, legal andfinancial9

Patent Litigation Process (Generally) Discovery Documents– All documents reasonably calculated to lead toadmissible evidence– Financial documents including those showing net andgross profit From patentee From accused infringer– Electronic documents including e-mails Check hard drive– Litigation hold letter(reasonable anticipation oflitigation)10

Patent Litigation Process (Generally) Markman Hearing Decide on claim terms in dispute Exchange proposed definitions of claim terms Submit written arguments and rebuttal arguments toCourt Court hearing Written decision by judge Post-Markman case analysis Review case strength following judge's decision Settlement discussions Summary Judgment motions11

Patent Litigation Process (Generally) Trial Prepare exhibits, explanations, witnesses for trial Jury demographics Jury selection expert Pre-trial hearings and motions Trial Post-trial motions Appeal12

Circuit Court Map-Where to File?13

Top 10 Districts Courts forPatent Litigation 1998-20171. Delaware2. Texas eastern3. California Northern4. New Jersey5. California CentralSource: 2018 PWC Patent Litigation Study14

U.S. Patent Litigation Filings andU.S. Patent GrantsPWC 2018 Patent Litigation Study15

Who is Filing U.S. Patent Cases?Source: 2018 PWC Patent Litigation Study16

U.S. Patent Litigation Cost (NPE)Source 2015 RPX Corporation17

Median Time to U.S. District Court Trial Source 2018 PWC Patent Litigation Study18

U.S. Patent Trial Success Rates Source 2018 PWC Patent Litigation Study19

Bench v. Jury Trial-Median DamageAwardFrom 2013-2017: 77% of cases decided by juriesSource: 2018 PWC Patent Litigation Study20

U.S. Patent DamagesHowever, the 2017 mediandamages award increased to 10.2 million, up from 6.1million in 2016.Source: PWC 2018 Patent Litigation Study21

Patent Holder Success Rate 1998-2017 Source 2019 PWC Patent Litigation Study22

Top Ten U.S. Patent Damages 1998-2017Source 2018 PWC Patent Litigation Survey23

The Appeal of Appeals-Overturn Rate2013 Chicago-Kent Journal of IP, Vol. 12, Issue124

The Appeal of Appeals-Overturn RateCircuit Court ReversalSource: 2016 Chicago-Kent Journal of IP, Vol. 16, Issue125

U.S. Customs and Border ProtectionU.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)targets and seizes imports of counterfeit andpirated goods, and enforces exclusion orders onpatent-infringing and other intellectual propertyrights (IPR) violated goods.26

U.S. Customs and Border Protection-Seizure of unauthorized goods-Exclusion Orders from ITC-Register IP for Products protected by IPIPRR-Intellectual Property Rights e-Recordationtrademark and copyrights https://iprr.cbp.gov-CBP E-Commerce Division - The IPR & E-Commerce Division(IPR Division) coordinates with rights holders, members ofthe trade community, CBP staff, other federal agencies, andforeign governments in developing and implementing theagency’s IPR strategy, policy and programs.27

FISCAL YEAR 2018 IPRSEIZURE STATISTICS BY NUMBER OF SEIZURESSource: U.S. Customs and Border Protection 2018 Statistics28

TOP PRODUCTS SEIZEDBY NUMBER OF SEIZURES 2018Source: U.S. Customs and BorderProtection 2018 Statistics29

Total IPR Seizures 2018 in USDSource: U.S. Customs and BorderProtection 2018 Statistics30

International Trade Commission ITC U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC)is entrusted with the enforcement of patents atthe border.31

International Trade CommissionIn the ITC, Companies can defend against a charge of patentinfringement: Without facing a jury that may favorpatent owners Is generally a speedy and less expensive proceedingwhich results in a quick decision within 12 months With no risk of a damage award32

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office(USPTO)U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is theadministrative body entrusted with examining andissuing patents and trademarks.– Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB), it also presidesover inter partes (IPR) post-grant proceedings where aparty can challenge another party's patent.– Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) is anadministrative board that hears and decidesadversary proceedings between two parties, namely,oppositions (party opposes a mark after publication inthe Official Gazette ) and cancellations (party seeks tocancel an existing registration).33

Inter Partes Review (IPR) IPRs may be filed during a patent litigation (within 1 yearof filing complaint) Used to attack patentability and scope of patent Generally less costly than patent litigation ( 100K- 500Kdepending on what stage is reached) Less time consuming than patent litigation-– USPTO will take up to 6 months to decide whether or not to grantthe IPR petition. If granted, the IPR proceeding will conclude in oneyear from the institution decision.34

Thank youQuestions?contactKeith McWhaDirect: (908) 518-6360Cell: (201) 563-074235

IPRs may be filed during a patent litigation (within 1 year of filing complaint) Used to attack patentability and scope of patent Generally less costly than patent litigation ( 100K - 500K depending on what stage is reached) Less time consuming than patent litigation-- USPTO will take up to 6 months to decide whether or not to .

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