National Strategy For Disaster Risk Reduction

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OFFICEDISASTERPREPAREDNESSANDEMERGENCYOFFICEOF MENTNATIONAL STRATEGYFOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTIONPresenterMajor (ret’d) Clive C DavisDirector GeneralOffice of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management

Jamaica’s Vulnerability to DisastersWorld Bank's JAMAICA HURRICANE AND EARTHQUAKERISK PROFILEGDP at Risk – 13.9 B (USD)BUILDING EXPOSURE – 36.4 B (USD)ANNUAL AVERAGE LOSS–HURRICANES 67.3M (USD)GDP)-EARTHQUAKES 36M (USD)GDP)(0.5% of(0.3% of

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYMANAGEMENTJamaica’s Vulnerability to DisastersAccording to the World Bank's Natural Disaster Hotspots ReportJamaica –Country 3rd most exposed to multiple hazards inthe world.Jamaica -87.7% of population in areas at risk from threeor more hazards.Jamaica -Over the past 20 years, disasters resulted incumulative costs of more than US 1billion.

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYMANAGEMENTJamaica’s Vulnerability to DisastersAmong the various hazards the country faces are Floods Landslides Earthquakes Tsunami Wild Fires Drought Hurricanes Health Technological (CBRN)

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTMission StatementODPEM is committed to leading the process ofreducing the impact of disaster on Jamaicathrough Comprehensive Disaster Management.Vision StatementA proactive world-class agency building adisaster resilient nation.

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTFRAMEWORK .

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTThe DISASTER ACT Disaster Preparedness and Emergency ManagementAct (1993) Repealed in 2015NATIONAL DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT ACT Passed in 2015 reflect new thinking and relating todisaster risk reduction in context of sustainable nationaldevelopment Intended to provide the legal framework upon whichdisaster risk reduction and disaster response operations

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNational Disaster Response MechanismThe National Disaster Response Mechanism functionsat three (3) levels: NationalLevel Parish Level Community Level

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNATIONAL DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT COUNCILCHAIRMANPRIME MINISTERDEPUTY CHAIRMAN(PARENT MINISTRY)NATIONALCOORDINATORDIRECTOR GENERAL7 COMMITTEES OF THE COUNCIL

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY TION&FINANCERECOVERYPLANNINGPREVENTION INFORMATIONAND EDUCATIONHUMANITARIAN

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTPARISH DISASTER COMMITTEEPARISH DISASTERCOMMITTEEOFFICE OF DISASTERPREPAREDNESSDIRECT COORDINATION(NATIONAL LEVEL) Implements Preparedness Plans Reviews Preparedness Plan Disseminates PreparednessInformationPARISH DISASTERPREPAREDNESSEXECUTIVEMAYOR ATIONCENTRE Act as Advisor to Executive Implement Policies of the PDC Coordinates Disaster Management

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYMANAGEMENTInter –agency collaboration The National Disaster Management programmerequires the support of public and private sector,donor groups, voluntary agencies and NGOs.– Each disaster has multiple implications for intervention– Often requires input from National, international agenciesCollaboration needed to save money, throughhaving a coordinated mechanism and reliance onexisting resources.

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNational Partners1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.All Ministries of GovernmentMeteorological ServiceEarthquake UnitPublic Works AgencyMilitaryPoliceFire and Rescue ServiceHealth Services

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNational Partners1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.Customs and Border ProtectionNational Information ServicesMeteorological ServiceEnvironmental ServicesAcademiaRed CrossFaith Based GroupsPrivate Sector

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNational Plan and Sub-Plans1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.Hurricane SOPsEarthquake ResponseChemical Emergency ResponseMedia Management – PublicCommunicationOil Spill ResponseFire ManagementNational Welfare PlanSub-Regional Coordination Centre SOPs

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTDevelopmentalFACTSFICTION

PERFECT IN DESIGNOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENT

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTcomplianceaffordabilityfunding sourcepolitical factorssocial factorsnational priorities

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTThe National Emergency OperationsCentre (NEOC)

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNational Disaster Response Matrix The National Response Matrix outlines therange of agencies and private sectororganizations with which the ODPEMcollaborates in disaster events. Decision makers are the primary users of theNational Response Matrix during emergencyoperations at the national and parish levels. It isalso a useful reminder for agencies of their rolesand functions during emergencies.

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENT The Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) is thedesignated administrative hub of disaster oremergency response mechanisms. The EOC is therefore the "nerve center" ofDisaster response and recovery services.

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTExecutive Command The Prime Minister is the ultimate NEOC Authority. The day to day activities of the NEOC are delegatedto the NEOC Executive Group. The executive group (NDE), exercises overalldirection and control of disaster operations. This group makes decisions, whether strategic orpolicy, which are beyond the authority of the NEOCdirector

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTDuring Emergencies Coordinate the activities of the relevant responseorganizations Provide national communication resources Handle requests for external assistance Activate Overseas Assistance Plan Coordinate Donor Support Mechanisms Monitor the emergency event and assess the longterm physical impact

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTThe Caribbean DisasterResponse Mechanism

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTThe Caribbean Disaster ResponseMechanismThe Caribbean Disaster Emergency l agency which was established inSeptember 1991 by an Agreement of theConference of Heads of Government ofCARICOMto be responsible for disastermanagement.There are currently eighteen Participating States.within CDEMA’s membership.

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTCDEMA Member States caGrenadaGuyanaHaiti JamaicaMontserratSt. Kitts/NevisSt. LuciaSt. VincentSurinameTrinidad & TobagoTurks & CaicosVirgin Islands (UK)

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY uyanaSaint LuciaMontserratHaitiSurinameSt. Vincent& theGrenadinesSaint Kitts &NevisJamaicaTurks &CaicosIslandsCDEMA Sub RegionsVirginIslands

OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCYOFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTMANAGEMENTNATIONAL STRATEGYFOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

NATIONAL DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT ACT Passed in 2015 reflect new thinking and relating to disaster risk reduction in context of sustainable national development Intended to provide the legal framework upon which disaster risk reduction and disaster response operations OFFICE OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

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