Immigration Court Proceedings 101 - Clecenter

1m ago
2 Views
0 Downloads
5.51 MB
142 Pages
Last View : 1m ago
Last Download : n/a
Upload by : Konnor Frawley
Transcription

Immigration CourtProceedings 101Presented by theAmerican Bar AssociationJudicial Division

American Bar AssociationABACLE321 North Clark Street, Suite 2000Chicago, IL 60654-7598www.americanbar.org800.285.2221Submit a ?SID SV 2uB91twXeymw6FL&pCode JD2006ICPto submit a question on the content of this course to program faculty. We’ll route yourquestion to a faculty member or qualified commentator in 2 business days.The materials contained herein represent the opinions of the authors and editors and should notbe construed to be the action of the American Bar Association Judicial Division unless adoptedpursuant to the bylaws of the Association.Nothing contained in this book is to be considered as the rendering of legal advice for specificcases, and readers are responsible for obtaining such advice from their own legal counsel. Thisbook and any forms and agreements herein are intended for educational and informationalpurposes only. 2020 American Bar Association. All rights reserved.This publication accompanies the audio program entitled “Immigration Court Proceedings 101”broadcast on June 17, 2020 (event code: JD2006ICP).

TABLE OF CONTENTS1. Presentation Slides2. Presentation Notes and Fast Facts AddendumChristina A. Fiflis3. Asylum, Withholding of Removal and Convention Against TortureLisa R. Green4. Asylum Procedures5. Standing Order of the Aurora Immigration Court Relating to Procedures forCustody Redetermination HearingsMatthew W. Kaufman6. Standing Order of the Aurora Immigration Court Relating to TelephonicAppearances of Counsel and Permitted Attendees at Detained Master Calendarand Individual HearingsMatthew W. Kaufman7. Judicial Independence Sidelined: Just One More Symptom of an ImmigrationCourt System Reeling (California Western Law Review, February 15, 2020)Mimi Tsankov8. Immigrant Numbers for June 20209. Appeal on Behalf of Respondent, Elsa D. Burchinow, on Behalf of DHS, SunikaPawar, Assistant Chief Counsel (April 28, 2020)10. Additional Resources

1

Immigration Court Proceedings 101Wednesday, June 17, 2020 1:00 pm EasternSponsored by the ABA Judicial Division@ABAesq www.americanbar.org

Immigration Court Proceedings 101www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

The Panel Elizabeth (Betty) Stevens, Attorney, Fairfax, VA Lisa Green, Attorney, Denver, Colorado Camila Palmer, Attorney, Denver, Colorado Christina Fiflis, Attorney, Denver, Colorado Hon. Mimi Tsankov, National Association ofImmigration Judgeswww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Objectives Become familiar with general sources of substantiveImmigration Law Identify and distinguish between various types ofImmigration Court proceedings Explain the general rules of the Immigration Court Understand practitioner and Immigration Courtlogistics Develop tools to prepare to represent individualsbefore the Immigration Courtwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Overview of Immigration PracticeImmigration Law:Citizenship LawAsylum LawLabor and Commercial LawConstitutional LawCivil Rights LawFamily LawAdministrative Law - Rules and RegsLitigationCriminal Lawwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Immigration System StructureDOJ: AG/Deputy AG; EOIR-Immigration Judges/Courts;Office of Immigration Litigation (OIL)DHS: Six operational components with regulatoryresponsibilities:U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)U.S. Coast Guard (Coast Guard)U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)Transportation Security Administration (TSA)www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Office of the Attorney Generalwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Executive Office for Immigration Reviewwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

DHS Organizational Chartwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

DHS Immigration ResponsibilitiesCBP: First call on who may be admitted into the UnitedStates; border securityUSCIS: adjudicates benefit requests, includingnaturalization, immigrant and non-immigrant petitions,asylum, adjustment and change of statusICE: investigations, workplace enforcement, detentionand removal operations, represents DHS in immigrationcourt proceedingswww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Other Agency RolesDepartment of State:Citizenship (passports, reports of Birth Abroad)Immigrant and Non-Immigrant VisasHealth and Human Services:Refugee ProgramsJuvenile ProgramsDepartment of Labor:Labor Certificationswww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Immigration CourtsMore than 460 immigration judges located in over 58locations throughout the United StatesWho’s in the individual court?: Immigration Judge;clerk; translator; ICE attorney; respondentBoth ICE and Respondent may appeal to Board ofImmigration AppealsIf appeal remains pending for more than 6 months,EOIR Director/OLP may decide appealOnly Respondent may appeal to the numbered circuitwith jurisdiction over the location of the hearingwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Sources of Immigration Lawand General GuidanceAdministrative Law Regime Power to Detain and Deport (INA Sections 212 &237)Immigration and Nationality Act, codified in Title 8, United Stated Code8 C.F.R., Aliens and NationalitySections 6, 20, 22, 28. 42 C.F.R.Board of Immigration Appeals (B.I.A.); Administrative Appeals OfficeCircuit Court decisions / SCOTUSInternal Agency Policy and Guidance (Memos)Executive OrdersEOIR Practice Manual /Unpublished BIA decisionsLocal practiceswww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Introduction to Master Calendar HearingsWhat is a Master Calendar Hearing, and how did I get here?The Master Calendar Hearing is a preliminary hearing (much like an “arraignment” inthe context of criminal court).1. A Notice to Appear (“NTA” or charging document) is served on a respondent byDHS and a copy is served on the Immigration Court.2. The Immigration Court mails a Notice of Hearing to the respondent (or therespondent’s attorney, if a EOIR-28, Notice of Entry of Appearance has been filed).3. The respondent appears in court for an open hearing, with 20-30 otherrespondents.www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Charging document: NTAwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Notice To Appear (“NTA”) Charging Document that commences removal proceedings (INA § 239(a)) Specific Requirements for NTAs set forth at INA § 239; 8 CFR §§ 239.2,1003.20, 1239.2. DUE PROCESS! Information contained in the allegations obtained in violation of due process? Motions to Suppress? Motions to Terminate?www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Preliminary Matters at a Master Calendar HearingAT THE FIRST MC HEARING: (discussed in more detail below)- Entry of Appearance (electronic v. paper filings)- Pleadings: Allegations (admit or deny) and Charges (concede or deny)- INA 212 v. 237- Filing Applications for Relief or Setting of Filing Deadlines- Scheduling of another MC Hearing or Final Merits Hearing (or “IndividualHearing”) with filing deadlines.www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Overview of Forms of Relief Asylum, Withholding of Removal and Relief under the UNConvention of Torture (“CAT”) – Form I-589 Cancellation of Removal – Forms EOIR-42A or EOIR 42B- LPR Cancellation- Non-LPR Cancellation Adjustment of Status – Form I-485 Waivers – Forms I-212 or I-601 (or no form?) Voluntary Departure- Pre-conclusion- Post-conclusionwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Pre- Hearing Motions Motion to Continue Motion to Suppress Motion for Telephonic Appearance Motion for Substitution of Counsel Motion to Withdraw as Counsel Motion to Withdraw and Amend Pleadings Motion to Consolidate Motion to Change Venuewww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Introduction to Bond HearingsWhen can you request a Bond Hearing? Before the NTA has been served on the Court Before the first hearing At the hearingwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Initial Bond Determination Initial bond determination is made by the ICE Office ofDetention and Removal with jurisdiction over the place ofarrest. 8 C.F.R. § 236.1(d) May also be released on own recognizance or undersupervision Minimum bond issued by court is 1,500; no maximumamount May seek bond redetermination before the Courtwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Bond EligibilityTHOSE NOT ELIGIBLE FOR BOND:- Arriving Aliens (see NTA)- Subject to Mandatory Detention INA 236(c)- Subject to final orders of removal (in Reinstatement Proceedings)CONTESTING MANDATORY DETENTION & BOND ELIGIBILITY THROUGHJOSEPH HEARING- Matter of Joseph, 22 I&N Dec. 3387 (BIA 1999)AND EVEN WHEN THE COURT GRANTS BOND:- ICE may seek emergency stay from BIA regarding any bond order. 8 C.F.R.1003.19(i)(l).www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Bond EligibilityPRESENTING A CASE FOR LOW or NO BOND:- Your client is not a flight risk- Your client is not a danger to the community or has beenrehabilitated- Your client is eligible for some form of reliefwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Logistics of Posting a Bond Advise obligor (person posting) about how and where to post thebond Payment made to ICE Payment must be made by someone in the U.S. legally Prepare client for the logistics of their release If you are not continuing with the case past the bond hearing, adviseclient of next steps and any deadlines Motion to Change Venue Motion to Withdraw New EOIR-28, Entry of Appearancewww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

The Status of the Status DocketWHAT IS A STATUS DOCKET AND HOW CAN I GET ONE?- Status docket is a place setting for certain types of case that do notrequire immediate adjudication by an immigration judge.- i.e. waiting on a decision from USCIS that is required before the IJ can rendertheir decision- An alternative to Administrative Closure after Matter of CastroTum (27 I&N Dec. 271 (A.G. 2018).- In 2019, the Courts were constrained by OPPM 19-13 (Aug. 2019),limiting the cases that could be placed on a status docket.www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Special DocketsJuvenile Docket- Age appropriate setting for minors- Now applies to any case involving an unmarried individual under theage of 18, not just unaccompanied alien children (“UAC”)- See OPPM 17-03 (Dec. 2017)Family Unit (“FAMU”) Docket- Expedited docket created in Nov.2018 for families placed in proceedings- Individual Hearing must be scheduledwithin one year of arrivalwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Introduction to Merits Hearingswww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

WHO WILL BE IN THE COURTROOM AND OTHERPRELIMINARIES Who will be in the courtroom? Immigration Judge; clerk; certified interpreter; ICE attorney; Respondent Where is the court? When is the hearing? http://www.justice.gov/eoir/ Immigration Court Information System: #1-800-898-7180 Who is representing DHS? http://www.ice.gov/about/district offices.htm If your client is detained, how do you locate a detainee and how do youcontact ICE? Online Detainee Locator System: https://locator.ice.gov/odls/homePage.do anbar.org www.abacle.org

OVERVIEW OF INDIVIDUAL (MERITS) HEARINGS Evidentiary hearings on contested matters, or merits hearingsChallenging removabilityApplication(s) for relief-sworn to in courtPrior to hearing: Submission of applications, exhibits, motions, witness list,briefs in compliance with court orders and Immigration Court PracticeManual; Pre-Hearing Conferences and Conferrals Between the Parties Narrow issues, obtain stipulations, simplify proceedingsMarking of exhibits and rulings on evidencePresentation of testimony of witnesses and evidence,Opening/Closing statementsDecision of the Immigration Judge (oral or written)Reservation of appealwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

MANNER AND RECORD OF PROCEEDINGSINA § 240(b)(2); 8 CFR § 1003.25(c)) Detained v. Non-Detained In person By video conference By telephone conference (evidentiary hearings on the merits may onlybe by telephone with consent) Record of Proceedings/Recordings of Hearings May be off-the-record discussions, which are summarized on the recordby the IJ Interpreters are provided at government expense for Individual Hearings Can be ordered removed in absentia for failure to attend even onehearing Rules of evidence and procedure are relaxed in immigration proceedings During hearing, always keep in mind the Recordwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

Pre-Hearing Preparation Confirm eligibility for relief (can be multiple forms) andupdate applications if necessary Review R.O.P., court scheduling orders, filing deadlines Submit FOIA requests and FBI checks if not alreadydone/Update Fingerprints/Med exams? Retain expert witnesses and/or expert reports-scheduleinterviews, set deadlines for reports and witnesspreparation Identify lay witnesses and schedule interviews Assemble evidence establishing eligibility for relief Prepare and File Pre- Hearing Submission/Trial Notebooks DHS conferral? Telephonic testimony? Pre hgconferences/Motions?www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

AT HEARING Initial matters: Confer again with DHS before going on the record Give the Judge your road map for the hearing Sequestration of witnesses/order of witnesses Mark up of exhibits ; rulings on evidence: Pay attention-: Judges don’tconduct their hearings identically Openings/Closings: Purposes for each Confirm when on and off the record Testimony: Respondent/Lay and expert witnesses Direct/Cross/Redirect Shifting Burdens of Proof/Offers of Proof Decision of the Immigration Judgewww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

POST HEARING APPEALS: After reserving appeal, a Notice of Appeal must be filedwithin 30 days to BIA. MOTIONS TO RECONSIDER: Request that the original decision bereexamined in light of additional legal arguments, a change of law, oran argument or aspect of the case that was overlooked; File within 30days of the entry of the final administrative order: Only 1 permitted MOTIONS TO REOPEN: Also only 1 permitted; File within 90 days,unless an exception applies: e.g., changed country conditions;ineffective assistance of counsel, in absentia order Client’s next steps following decision or in event of reserved deisionwww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

The Immigration Court The Immigration Courts suffer from an inherentstructural flaw Housed within the Department of Justice Same Agency charged with prosecuting immigrationcases in federal courts. The Attorney General controls the jurisprudence, docketmanagement, and even the terms of employment ofimmigration judges.www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

The Immigration Court Congress has so far failed to rectify the situation andcreate a new system that is truly independent. Our judicial system has made it vulnerable to theextreme policies of the Attorney General.www.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

The Immigration Court One such policy is the imposition of numericalquotas to measure the performance of immigrationjudges. The quotas compromise the integrity of the court,undermine due process, and add to the court’sbacklog, which now exceeds 1,000,000 cases. Inother words, the quotas are unethical, unfair, andinefficient. Article I advocacywww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

The Immigration Court Interpreter Concerns Cases often rescheduled due to lack of interpretation Use of VTC Technical issues Holding hearings during a pandemic telephonic hearingswww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

For more information Hon. Mimi Tsankov, mimi.tsankov@gmail.com Camila Palmer, g www.abacle.org

Questions?All attendees can submit questions via the Q&Afeature on the webinar interfacewww.americanbar.org www.abacle.org

2

PRESENTATION NOTES AND FAST FACTS ADDENDUMImmigration Court Proceedings 06/17/2020*v PRIMARY GOVERNMENT PLAYERS1. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICEEOIR: Executive Office for Immigration Review/Office of the Chief Immigration JudgeImmigration Courts/JudgesOffice of Immigration Litigation (OIL)Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)Both ICE and Respondent may appeal to Board of Immigration AppealsAttorney General2. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DHSSix (6) operational components with regulatory responsibilities:U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)USCIS adjudicates benefit requests, including naturalization, immigrant and non-immigrantpetitions, asylum, adjustment and change of statusSome forms of relief in immigration court require a USCIS approved petitionbefore the immigration judge can assume jurisdictionUSCIS Administrative Appeals Office (AAO)U.S. Coast GuardU.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)Border security; decides whether an applicant for admission may be admitted into the U.S.U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)Responsible for investigations, workplace enforcement, detention and removal operations,Represents DHS in immigration court proceedingsOPLA: https://www.ice.gov/opla. Government counsel is sometimes referred to asthe “TA” (trial attorney) or as “counsel for the department”.“The Office of the Principal Legal Advisor (OPLA) is the largest legal program in DHS, withover 1,100 attorneys and 350 support personnel. By statute, OPLA serves asthe exclusive representative of DHS in immigration removal proceedings before theExecutive Office for Immigration Review, litigating all removal cases including those againstcriminal aliens, terrorists, and human rights abusers.”U.S. FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (FEMA)U.S. TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINSTRATION (TSA)* Assembled and prepared by Christina A. Fiflis 2020 as to original content. This information is foreducational purposes only and not to be construed or relied upon as legal advice. Consult with a licensedattorney for legal advice. Not for distribution or publication without permission. Immigration laws andpolicies change rapidly, quickly rendering guidance and practice outdated.1

The mission of DHS as currently described in FY 2021 Budget in Brief for DHS 9found at DHS FY2021 Budget in Brief: ef) (BIB 2021) is asfollows:The Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) mission is to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure,and resilient against terrorism and other hazards. DHS has an expansive mission set: preventingterrorism and enhancing security; securing our borders; enforcing immigration laws; securingcyberspace; and ensuring disaster response and resilience. The men and women of this Departmentsupport key Presidential priorities, while protecting our country, our people, and our way of life. . .This year's budget comes at a particularly important time. The Department is witnessing historicchanges across the entire threat landscape and must remain vigilant to defend against and to combatthese dangers in a manner that does not hamper lawful commerce, transportation, economicdevelopment, or personal freedoms. Our enemies and adversaries include a spider web of terroristgroups, emboldened transnational criminals, resurgent and hostile nation states, and more. TheDepartment must continue to adapt in order to protect America and respond to rapidly evolvingdangers – in the homeland, at our borders, in cyberspace, and beyond.Last years’ BIB 2020 elaborated a little differently on the mission by adding:Nefarious actors want to disrupt our way of life. Many are inciting chaos, instability, and violence. Atthe same time, the pace of innovation, our hyperconnectivity, and our digital dependence have openedcracks in our defenses, creating new vectors through which our enemies and adversaries can strike us.This is a volatile combination. The result is a world where threats are more numerous, more widelydistributed, highly networked, increasingly adaptive, and incredibly difficult to root out. The “homegame” has merged with the “away game” and DHS actions abroad are just as important as oursecurity operations here at homeOther U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES/OFFICES WITH ROLES IN THE U.S. IMMIGRATION SYSTEM:U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE (DOS)Citizenship (passports, reports of Birth Abroad)Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Visa Eligibility and IssuanceU.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (HHS)Refugee ProgramsJuvenile ProgramsU.S. DHS OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIESU.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABORLabor Certificationsv SOURCES OF IMMIGRATION LAW AND GENERAL GUIDANCEU.S. ConstitutionAdministrative Law Regime Power to Detain and DeportImmigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended, codified in Title 8, United Stated CodeNB: Immigration Judges (IJs) are not ALJs8 C.F.R., ALIENS AND NATIONALITYC.F.R. Sections 6, 20, 22, 28,422

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)Administrative Appeals Office (AAO)Circuit Court decisionsU.S. Supreme Court DecisionsExecutive OrdersPresidential ProclamationsInternal Agency Policy and Guidance (Memos)Adjudicator’s Field Manual (AFM)Foreign Affairs Manual (FAM)EOIR Practice counts/USDOJ/subscriber/new?topic id USDOJ 621to sign up for stakeholder email updates from EOIR on “EOIR Topics” currently pertaining mostly toCOVID 19 driven issues (such as standing orders for telephonic hearings or bond determinations waivinghearing and agreeing to entry of an order based on written pleadings)OCIJ (Office of Chief Immigration Judge) 36/downloadBIA Practice ion-appeals-2EOIR Virtual Law braryUnpublished BIA decisionsNot precedential; collected by IRAC (Immigration & Refugee Appellate Center/ Ben Winograd) as anIndex of Unpublished Decisions of the BIAhttps://www.irac.net/unpublished/index-2/Local practicesReforming the Immigration System, a 2010 Report (updated in 2019) published by the American BarAssociation Commission on /aba/publications/commission on immigration/coi complete full report.pdfImmigration and Trial Handbook, Maria Baldini-Potermin, published by Thomson ReutersImmigration Law Sourcebook, Ira J. KurzbanThe Waivers Book, American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA)3

NB: EOIR’s posting on its site of EOIR “Myths and Facts” May, 2019, ownload is criticized by AILA as a misrepresentation ofimmigration court proceedings in its AILA’s Policy Brief: Facts About the State of Our Nation’sImmigration Courts AILA Doc. No. 19051438, dated May 14, 2019: ow.ly/29Fe30oJBgsPRACTICE TIP:Review the Act, Regulations, and Case LawLook to reputable secondary sources for overviewsKnow the EOIR Practice Manual and BIA Practice ManualKnow your local practice and conventionsJoin AILA-regardless of its expense; state chapter listserves and AILA National resources provide invaluableinformation on local practices, substantive law and current issuesThe learning curve for immigration law is straight upStart your case preparation EARLYKEEP ALERT to EOIR developments—they affect your work:E.g., the IJ “dashboard” and IJ Performance Quotas and other pressures on IJs and BIA membersProvisions of the INA of current interest:INA §212(f) [1182(f)] Suspension of entry or imposition of restrictions by PresidentWhenever the President finds that the entry of any aliens or of any class of aliens into the United States wouldbe detrimental to the interests of the United States, he may by proclamation, and for such period as he shalldeem necessary, suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens as immigrants or nonimmigrants, orimpose on the entry of aliens any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate. Whenever the Attorney Generalfinds that a commercial airline has failed to comply with regulations of the Attorney General relating torequirements of airlines for thedetection of fraudulent documents used by passengers traveling to the United States (including the training ofpersonnel in such detection), the Attorney General may suspend the entry of some or all aliens transported tothe United States by such airline.INA §215(a) [1185] Travel control of citizens and aliens(a) Restrictions and prohibitionsUnless otherwise ordered by the President, it shall be unlawful(1) for any alien to depart from or enter or attempt to depart from or enter the United States except undersuch reasonable rules, regulations, and orders, and subject to such limitations and exceptions as thePresident may prescribeINA 221(i) (i) Revocation of visas or documentsAfter the issuance of a visa or other documentation to any alien, the consular officer or the Secretary of Statemay at any time, in his discretion, revoke such visa or other documentation. Notice of such revocation shall becommunicated to the Attorney General, and such revocation shall invalidate the visa or other documentationfrom the date of issuance: Provided, That carriers or transportation companies, and masters, commandingofficers, agents, owners, charterers, or consignees, shall not be penalized under section 1323(b) of this title foraction taken in reliance on such visas or other documentation, unless they received due notice of suchrevocation prior to the alien's embarkation. There shall be no means of judicial review (including reviewpursuant to section 2241 of title 28 or any other habeas corpus provision, and sections 1361 and 1651 of suchtitle) of a revocation under this subsection, except in the context of a removal proceeding if such revocationprovides the sole ground for removal under section 1227(a)(1)(B) of this title.4

v OVERVIEW OF THE IMMIGRATION VISA SYSTEM-HOW TO ENTER THE U.S.LAWFULLY Two broad categories of non-citizens are allowed admission into the U.S. provided they meet specificrequirements: Immigrants: those who intend to remain as lawful permanent residentsFour major categories of immigrants (vs. nonimmigrants): Family-sponsored: Immediate Relatives-defined by statute:Spouse, child and parent if Petitioner 21No visa quotasPreference groups-Visa quotas apply (“the waiting line”):F1: Unmarried Sons and Daughters of USCsF2A: Spouse and minor children of LPRsF2B: Unmarried Sons and Daughters of LPRsF3: Married Sons and Daughters of USCsF4: Siblings of USCs Employment-based: five categories Diversity lottery: for foreign nationals of countries “underrepresented”; based onintricate formula based on immigration statistics from immediately preceding fiveyear period; high-admission countries precluded; 10 million applicants/year; highschool/skills requirements; check for suspension of the lottery for certain countries Refugees: Numbers permitted varySee the U.S. Department of State VISA BULLETIN (June 2020 Bulletin included here) for helpfuldescriptions of visa categories as well as for essential information about visa availability and processing gal/visa-law0/visa-bulletin.html Non-immigrants: those who enter the U.S. for specific purposes and for a temporary periodof stay: there are more than 20 categories of NIVs (Non- Immigrant Visas), including: Business-related – for work or investment in the U.S Victims –of domestic and sexual violence, human trafficking, and who have assistedlaw enforcement in investigation/prosecution of a criminal case Visitors – to visit family and friends, explore business opportunities, or for medicaltreatment; includes exchange visitors Student –to study at an American high school, university, college, or vocationaltraining school Fiancé(e)s –engaged to a U.S. citizen; must marry within 90 days of entry into theU.S.Other visa categories for authorized stay in the U.S.: ESTA (formerly Visa Waiver Program)Canadians/Citizens of BermudaMexican and Canadian NAFTA professionalsMexican Border Crossing CardsU, T, VAWAParoleAsylum, Withholding, CAT5

TPS, RegistryDeferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)—watch for imminent release of U.S.Supreme Court decision this month on three consolidated cases challenging terminationof DACADeferred ActionAuthorization Granted in/after Removal Proceedings: Prosecutorial Discretion; Administrative Closure; Termination; Deferred Action;Cancellation of Removal; NACARA Cancellation; Adjustment of Status .In removal proceedings, a grant of relief can result in a grant of a “green card”, a visa granting the Respondentlawful permanent residence.A visa does not guarantee entry into the U.S. but allows travel to a Port of Entry to request permission to enterthe U.S. CBP inspects the visa holder and makes the decision whether to grant admission.INA 101(a)(13)(A) defines “admission”: A lawful entry into the United States after inspection and authorization by an immigration officer. Ifsomeone has been “admitted” into the United States, they are subject to the grounds of removabilityunder INA Section 237.Generally speaking, a person who is seeking admission is not entitled to counsel until they have actually beenadmitted. E.g., during the “airport-defense” efforts organized after the first “Muslim Travel Ban”, whenpeople were detained at airports across the nation there were hundreds of lawyers ready to help but the lawyerswere not allowed to speak with their clients.Because immigration court removal proceedings are civil and not criminal proceedings, immigrants facingremoval are not afforded the Sixth Amendment constitutional protections afforded criminal defendants. Therespondent does have a right to counsel, but not to government appointed counsel.In any removal proceedings before an immigration judge and in any appeal proceedings before theAttorney General from any such removal proceedings, the person concerned shall have the privilegeof being represented (at no expense to the Gov

Asylum, Withholding of Removal and Relief under the UN Convention of Torture ("CAT") - Form I-589 Cancellation of Removal - Forms EOIR-42A or EOIR 42B - LPR Cancellation - Non-LPR Cancellation Adjustment of Status - Form I-485 Waivers - Forms I-212 or I-601 (or no form?) Voluntary Departure - Pre-conclusion

Related Documents:

FISHFINDER 340C : RAM-101-G2U RAM-B-101-G2U . RAM-101-G2U most popular. Manufacturer Model RAM Recommended Mount The Mount Depot Note . GARMIN FISHFINDER 400C . RAM-101-G2U RAM-B-101-G2U . RAM-101-G2U most popular. GARMIN FISHFINDER 80 . RAM-101-G2U RAM-B-101-G2U . RAM-101-

UOB Plaza 1 Victoria Theatre and Victoria Concert Hall Jewel @ Buangkok . Floral Spring @ Yishun Golden Carnation Hedges Park One Balmoral 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101. BCA GREEN MARK AWARD FOR BUILDINGS Punggol Parcvista . Mr Russell Cole aruP singaPorE PtE ltd Mr Tay Leng .

Basic Immigration Law and Vocabulary 1 Understanding how the immigration laws work will help you assist noncitizens seeking safety and security from abusive family members. This section will provide basic information on immigration law and information on immigration laws that specially benefit noncitizens who suffer domestic violence.

La planification de l’immigration au Québec pour la période 2017-2019 et la Loi sur l’immigration : des orientations sur la bonne voie Une stabilisation à 51 000? Accroître l’immigration économique jusqu’à 63 %: pas assez Accroître l’immigration temporaire et la rétention

The conditions of immigration bail 14 - 15 APPLICATION FOR IMMIGRATION BAIL 16 - 18 . The power of the First-tier Tribunal to grant immigration bail is contained in paragraph 1(3) of schedule 10 to the Immigration Act 2016. . normally within 3 working days. 17. The respondent (the Home

101.5, 101.8, 101.9, 101.13, 101.17, 101.36, subpart D of part 101, and part 105 of this chapter shall appear either on the principal display panel or on the information panel, u

proceedings blurb on its own page, and cert. (See Tab 3A} If there are proceedings before the sealed portion, a blurb must be placed in the transcript where the sealed proceedings take place stating the page numbers of the sealed proceedings and the next page number if proceedings

28, 1989] 232 §101–19.4800 41 CFR Ch. 101 (7–1–97 Edition) Subparts 101–19.7—101–19.47 [Reserved] Subpart 101–19.48—Exhibits . tration concerning low- and mod-erate-income housing. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND THE GENERAL SERVICES

(1) Immigration to the United States has gradually declined. (2) U.S. immigration remained the same from 1861 to 1910. (3) Immigration to the United States declined from 1901 to 1910. (4) Immigration between 1881 and 1890 was greater than between 1861 and JARRETT PUBLISHING COMPANY

Histoire de l’immigration au Canada, politique d’immigration canadienne et cadre Comprend le contexte historique (p. ex. les modèles de macro-immigration dans le monde, la mondialisation, etc.) qui a influencé la politique d’immigration canadienne.

contribute to the economic development of Quebec, we encourage the Ministère de l’Immigration et des Communautés culturelles to increase the share of economic immigration. In 2010, around 69.6% of immigration to Quebec was economic in nature, so we believe that a rate

Immigration, colonisation et propagande: du rêve américain au rêve colonial Comprend des réf. bibliogr. et un index. ISBN 2-89544-032-8 1. Émigration et immigration. 2. Québec (Province) – Émigration et immigration. 3. Colonisation. 4. Propagande. 5. Impérialisme. 6. Colonisatio

Immigration et diversité: projections de la population du Canada et de ses régions, 2011 à 2036, n 91-551 au catalogue de Statistique Canada. Scénario Taux d'immigration Répartition géographique des immigrants à l'arrivée Composition de l'immigration par pays

disponible jusqu’au 1er juin 2006 on display until June 1st, 2006 Spring / printemps 2006 Canadian Studies Program at Canadian Heritage Programme des études canadiennes à Patrimoine canadien Immigration and Families L'immigration et les familles Supported by Selection Branch, Citizenship and Imm

Oct 08, 2007 · Teaching Immigration History Immigration is central to the identity of the U.S. as a nation, and to the history of its citizens. For some people, the history of their ancestors’ immigration to the U.S. is ancient. Native American peoples arrived in the western hemisphe

the integrity of our lawful immigration procedures, and I think that is what we are all about, in your overall immigration reform legislation and this, that we want to continue our heritage of legal immigration. It is very important that we deal with these areas,

social, political and economic effects as well the immigrant groups involved 2. American public opinion has fostered fear and racism about most minority and immigrant groups . Through an analysis of political cartoons dealing with immigration and racism from the 19. th. century . immigration during the Red Scare and immigration in the late .

first applied to study in the UK. For the vast majority of applicants, the process will be entirely digital, and if your application is successful, you will be issued with an eVisa. You will start your application at GOV.UK where you will create a UK Visas and Immigration account and use the 'UK Immigration ID Check' app to verify your .

AIP Conference Proceedings 2001, 010002 (2018); 10.1063/1.5049960 Optimization of wire drawing die's cooling system AIP Conference Proceedings 2001, 020001 (2018); 10.1063/1.5049961 Preface: Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on Physics ESPOCH (ICPE-2017) AIP Conference Proceedings 2003, 010001 (2018); 10.1063/1.5050352

I felt it was important that we started to work on the project as soon as possible. The issue of how groups make joint decisions is important. Smith (2009) comments on the importance of consensus in group decision-making, and how this contributes to ‘positive interdependence’ (Johnson 2007, p.45). Establishing this level of co-operation in a