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02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 1This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liabilityfor its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the OfficialJournal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the linksembedded in this document BREGULATION (EU) No 1169/2011 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THECOUNCILof 25 October 2011on the provision of food information to consumers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and(EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing CommissionDirective 87/250/EEC, Council Directive 90/496/EEC, Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Directives 2002/67/ECand 2008/5/EC and Commission Regulation (EC) No 608/2004(Text with EEA relevance)(OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, p. 18)Amended by:Official JournalNo M1 M2 M3Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1155/2013 of 21August 2013Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 78/2014 of 22November 2013Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of theCouncil of 25 November 2015Corrected by: C1 C2Corrigendum, OJ L 247, 13.9.2012, p. 17 (1169/2011)Corrigendum, OJ L 266, 30.9.2016, p. 7 (1169/2011)pagedateL 306716.11.2013L 27730.1.2014L 327111.12.2015

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 2 BREGULATION (EU) No 1169/2011 OF THE EUROPEANPARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCILof 25 October 2011on the provision of food information to consumers, amendingRegulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and (EC) No 1925/2006 of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council, and repealingCommission Directive 87/250/EEC, Council Directive 90/496/EEC,Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive 2000/13/EC of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council, Commission Directives2002/67/EC and 2008/5/EC and Commission Regulation (EC) No608/2004(Text with EEA relevance)CHAPTER IGENERAL PROVISIONSArticle 1Subject matter and scope1.This Regulation provides the basis for the assurance of a highlevel of consumer protection in relation to food information, takinginto account the differences in the perception of consumers and theirinformation needs whilst ensuring the smooth functioning of the internalmarket.2.This Regulation establishes the general principles, requirementsand responsibilities governing food information, and in particular foodlabelling. It lays down the means to guarantee the right of consumers toinformation and procedures for the provision of food information, takinginto account the need to provide sufficient flexibility to respond tofuture developments and new information requirements.3.This Regulation shall apply to food business operators at all stagesof the food chain, where their activities concern the provision of foodinformation to consumers. It shall apply to all foods intended for thefinal consumer, including foods delivered by mass caterers, and foodsintended for supply to mass caterers.This Regulation shall apply to catering services provided by transportundertakings when the departure takes place on the territories of theMember States to which the Treaties apply.4.This Regulation shall apply without prejudice to labellingrequirements provided for in specific Union provisions applicable toparticular foods.Article 2Definitions1.For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shallapply:

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 3 B(a) the definitions of ‘food’, ‘food law’, ‘food business’, ‘food businessoperator’, ‘retail’, ‘placing on the market’ and ‘final consumer’ inArticle 2 and in points (1), (2), (3), (7), (8) and (18) of Article 3 ofRegulation (EC) No 178/2002;(b) the definitions of ‘processing’, ‘unprocessed products’ and ‘pro cessed products’ in points (m), (n) and (o) of Article 2(1) of Regu lation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of theCouncil of 29 April 2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs (1);(c) the definition of ‘food enzyme’ in point (a) of Article 3(2) ofRegulation (EC) No 1332/2008 of the European Parliament andof the Council of 16 December 2008 on food enzymes (2);(d) the definitions of ‘food additive’, ‘processing aid’ and ‘carrier’ inpoints (a) and (b) of Article 3(2) of, and in point 5 of Annex I to,Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and ofthe Council of 16 December 2008 on food additives (3);(e) the definition of ‘flavourings’ in point (a) of Article 3(2) of Regu lation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of theCouncil of 16 December 2008 on flavourings and certain foodingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods (4);(f) the definitions of ‘meat’, ‘mechanically separated meat’, ‘meat prep arations’, ‘fishery products’ and ‘meat products’ in points 1.1, 1.14,1.15, 3.1 and 7.1 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 ofthe European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 layingdown specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin (5);(g) the definition of ‘advertising’ in point (a) of Article 2 of Directive2006/114/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of12 December 2006 concerning misleading and comparative adver tising (6); M3(h) the definition of ‘engineered nanomaterials’ as established by point(f) of Article 3(2) of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the EuropeanParliament and of the Council (7). B2.The following definitions shall also apply:(a) ‘food information’ means information concerning a food and madeavailable to the final consumer by means of a label, other accom panying material, or any other means including modern technologytools or verbal communication;(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)OJ L 139, 30.4.2004, p. 1.OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 7.OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 16.OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 34.OJ L 139, 30.4.2004, p. 55.OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 21.Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of the Council of25 November 2015 on novel foods, amending Regulation (EU) No1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealingRegulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Counciland Commission Regulation (EC) No 1852/2001 (OJ L 327, 11.12.2015,p. 1).

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 4 B(b) ‘food information law’ means the Union provisions governing thefood information, and in particular labelling, including rules of ageneral nature applicable to all foods in particular circumstances orto certain categories of foods and rules which apply only to specificfoods;(c) ‘mandatory food information’ means the particulars that arerequired to be provided to the final consumer by Union provisions;(d) ‘mass caterer’ means any establishment (including a vehicle or afixed or mobile stall), such as restaurants, canteens, schools,hospitals and catering enterprises in which, in the course of abusiness, food is prepared to be ready for consumption by thefinal consumer;(e) ‘prepacked food’ means any single item for presentation as such tothe final consumer and to mass caterers, consisting of a food andthe packaging into which it was put before being offered for sale,whether such packaging encloses the food completely or onlypartially, but in any event in such a way that the contents cannotbe altered without opening or changing the packaging; ‘prepackedfood’ does not cover foods packed on the sales premises at theconsumer’s request or prepacked for direct sale;(f) ‘ingredient’ means any substance or product, including flavourings,food additives and food enzymes, and any constituent of acompound ingredient, used in the manufacture or preparation of afood and still present in the finished product, even if in an alteredform; residues shall not be considered as ‘ingredients’;(g) ‘place of provenance’ means any place where a food is indicated tocome from, and that is not the ‘country of origin’ as determined inaccordance with Articles 23 to 26 of Regulation (EEC) No2913/92; the name, business name or address of the foodbusiness operator on the label shall not constitute an indicationof the country of origin or place of provenance of food withinthe meaning of this Regulation;(h) ‘compound ingredient’ means an ingredient that is itself the productof more than one ingredient;(i) ‘label’ means any tag, brand, mark, pictorial or other descriptivematter, written, printed, stencilled, marked, embossed or impressedon, or attached to the packaging or container of food;(j) ‘labelling’ means any words, particulars, trade marks, brand name,pictorial matter or symbol relating to a food and placed on anypackaging, document, notice, label, ring or collar accompanying orreferring to such food;(k) ‘field of vision’ means all the surfaces of a package that can beread from a single viewing point;

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 5 B(l) ‘principal field of vision’ means the field of vision of a packagewhich is most likely to be seen at first glance by the consumer atthe time of purchase and that enables the consumer to immediatelyidentify a product in terms of its character or nature and, if appli cable, its brand name. If a package has several identical principalfields of vision, the principal field of vision is the one chosen bythe food business operator;(m) ‘legibility’ means the physical appearance of information, by meansof which the information is visually accessible to the general popu lation and which is determined by various elements, inter alia, fontsize, letter spacing, spacing between lines, stroke width, typecolour, typeface, width-height ratio of the letters, the surface ofthe material and significant contrast between the print and thebackground;(n) ‘legal name’ means the name of a food prescribed in the Unionprovisions applicable to it or, in the absence of such Union provi sions, the name provided for in the laws, regulations and adminis trative provisions applicable in the Member State in which the foodis sold to the final consumer or to mass caterers;(o) ‘customary name’ means a name which is accepted as the name ofthe food by consumers in the Member State in which that food issold, without that name needing further explanation;(p) ‘descriptive name’ means a name providing a description of thefood, and if necessary of its use, which is sufficiently clear toenable consumers to know its true nature and distinguish it fromother products with which it might be confused;(q) ‘primary ingredient’ means an ingredient or ingredients of a foodthat represent more than 50 % of that food or which are usuallyassociated with the name of the food by the consumer and forwhich in most cases a quantitative indication is required;(r) ‘date of minimum durability of a food’ means the date until whichthe food retains its specific properties when properly stored;(s) ‘nutrient’ means protein, carbohydrate, fat, fibre, sodium, vitaminsand minerals listed in point 1 of Part A of Annex XIII to thisRegulation, and substances which belong to or are componentsof one of those categories; M3 B(u) ‘means of distance communication’ means any means which,without the simultaneous physical presence of the supplier andthe consumer, may be used for the conclusion of a contractbetween those parties.

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 6 B3.For the purposes of this Regulation the country of origin of a foodshall refer to the origin of a food as determined in accordance withArticles 23 to 26 of Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92.4.The specific definitions set out in Annex I shall also apply.CHAPTER IIGENERAL PRINCIPLES ON FOOD INFORMATIONArticle 3General objectives1.The provision of food information shall pursue a high level ofprotection of consumers’ health and interests by providing a basis forfinal consumers to make informed choices and to make safe use of food,with particular regard to health, economic, environmental, social andethical considerations.2.Food information law shall aim to achieve in the Union the freemovement of legally produced and marketed food, taking into account,where appropriate, the need to protect the legitimate interests ofproducers and to promote the production of quality products.3.When food information law establishes new requirements, a tran sitional period after the entry into force of the new requirements shall begranted, except in duly justified cases. During such transitional period,foods bearing labels not complying with the new requirements may beplaced on the market, and stocks of such foods that have been placed onthe market before the end of the transitional period may continue to besold until exhausted.4.An open and transparent public consultation shall be conducted,including with stakeholders, directly or through representative bodies,during the preparation, evaluation and revision of food information law,except where the urgency of the matter does not allow it.Article 4Principles governing mandatory food information1.Where mandatory food information is required by foodinformation law, it shall concern information that falls, in particular,into one of the following categories:(a) information on the identity and composition, properties or othercharacteristics of the food;

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 7 B(b) information on the protection of consumers’ health and the safe useof a food. In particular, it shall concern information on:(i) compositional attributes that may be harmful to the health ofcertain groups of consumers;(ii) durability, storage and safe use;(iii) the health impact, including the risks and consequences relatedto harmful and hazardous consumption of a food;(c) information on nutritional characteristics so as to enable consumers,including those with special dietary requirements, to make informedchoices.2.When considering the need for mandatory food information and toenable consumers to make informed choices, account shall be taken of awidespread need on the part of the majority of consumers for certaininformation to which they attach significant value or of any generallyaccepted benefits to the consumer.Article 5Consultation of the European Food Safety AuthorityAny Union measure in the field of food information law which is likelyto have an effect on public health shall be adopted after consultation ofthe European Food Safety Authority (‘the Authority’).CHAPTER IES OF FOOD BUSINESS OPERATORSANDArticle 6Basic requirementAny food intended for supply to the final consumer or to mass caterersshall be accompanied by food information in accordance with thisRegulation.Article 7Fair information practices1.Food information shall not be misleading, particularly:(a) as to the characteristics of the food and, in particular, as to itsnature, identity, properties, composition, quantity, durability,country of origin or place of provenance, method of manufactureor production;(b) by attributing to the food effects or properties which it does notpossess;

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 8 B(c) by suggesting that the food possesses special characteristics when infact all similar foods possess such characteristics, in particular byspecifically emphasising the presence or absence of certainingredients and/or nutrients;(d) by suggesting, by means of the appearance, the description orpictorial representations, the presence of a particular food or aningredient, while in reality a component naturally present or aningredient normally used in that food has been substituted with adifferent component or a different ingredient.2.Food information shall be accurate, clear and easy to understandfor the consumer.3.Subject to derogations provided for by Union law applicable tonatural mineral waters and foods for particular nutritional uses, foodinformation shall not attribute to any food the property of preventing,treating or curing a human disease, nor refer to such properties.4.Paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall also apply to:(a) advertising;(b) the presentation of foods, in particular their shape, appearance orpackaging, the packaging materials used, the way in which they arearranged and the setting in which they are displayed.Article 8Responsibilities1.The food business operator responsible for the food informationshall be the operator under whose name or business name the food ismarketed or, if that operator is not established in the Union, theimporter into the Union market.2.The food business operator responsible for the food informationshall ensure the presence and accuracy of the food information inaccordance with the applicable food information law and requirementsof relevant national provisions.3.Food business operators which do not affect food informationshall not supply food which they know or presume, on the basis ofthe information in their possession as professionals, to be non-compliantwith the applicable food information law and requirements of relevantnational provisions.4.Food business operators, within the businesses under their control,shall not modify the information accompanying a food if such modifi cation would mislead the final consumer or otherwise reduce the levelof consumer protection and the possibilities for the final consumer tomake informed choices. Food business operators are responsible for anychanges they make to food information accompanying a food.

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 9 B5.Without prejudice to paragraphs 2 to 4, food business operators,within the businesses under their control, shall ensure compliance withthe requirements of food information law and relevant nationalprovisions which are relevant to their activities and shall verify thatsuch requirements are met.6.Food business operators, within the businesses under their control,shall ensure that information relating to non-prepacked food intendedfor the final consumer or for supply to mass caterers shall be transmittedto the food business operator receiving the food in order to enable,when required, the provision of mandatory food information to thefinal consumer.7.In the following cases, food business operators, within the busi nesses under their control, shall ensure that the mandatory particularsrequired under Articles 9 and 10 shall appear on the prepackaging or ona label attached thereto, or on the commercial documents referring tothe foods where it can be guaranteed that such documents eitheraccompany the food to which they refer or were sent before or at thesame time as delivery:(a) where prepacked food is intended for the final consumer butmarketed at a stage prior to sale to the final consumer and wheresale to a mass caterer is not involved at that stage;(b) where prepacked food is intended for supply to mass caterers forpreparation, processing, splitting or cutting up.Notwithstanding the first subparagraph, food business operators shallensure that the particulars referred to in points (a), (f), (g) and (h) ofArticle 9(1) also appear on the external packaging in which theprepacked foods are presented for marketing.8.Food business operators that supply to other food businessoperators food not intended for the final consumer or to mass caterersshall ensure that those other food business operators are provided withsufficient information to enable them, where appropriate, to meet theirobligations under paragraph 2.CHAPTER IVMANDATORY FOOD INFORMATIONSECTION 1Content and presentationArticle 9List of mandatory particulars1.In accordance with Articles 10 to 35 and subject to the exceptionscontained in this Chapter, indication of the following particulars shall bemandatory:(a) the name of the food;

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 10 B(b) the list of ingredients;(c) any ingredient or processing aid listed in Annex II or derived from asubstance or product listed in Annex II causing allergies or intol erances used in the manufacture or preparation of a food and stillpresent in the finished product, even if in an altered form;(d) the quantity of certain ingredients or categories of ingredients;(e) the net quantity of the food;(f) the date of minimum durability or the ‘use by’ date;(g) any special storage conditions and/or conditions of use;(h) the name or business name and address of the food businessoperator referred to in Article 8(1);(i) the country of origin or place of provenance where provided for inArticle 26;(j) instructions for use where it would be difficult to make appropriateuse of the food in the absence of such instructions;(k) with respect to beverages containing more than 1,2 % by volume ofalcohol, the actual alcoholic strength by volume;(l) a nutrition declaration.2.The particulars referred to in paragraph 1 shall be indicated withwords and numbers. Without prejudice to Article 35, they mayadditionally be expressed by means of pictograms or symbols.3.Where the Commission adopts delegated and implementing actsreferred to in this Article, the particulars referred to in paragraph 1 mayalternatively be expressed by means of pictograms or symbols instead ofwords or numbers.In order to ensure that consumers benefit from other means ofexpression of mandatory food information than words and numbers,and provided that the same level of information as with words andnumbers is ensured, the Commission, taking into account evidence ofuniform consumer understanding, may establish, by means of delegatedacts in accordance with Article 51, the criteria subject to which one ormore particulars referred to in paragraph 1 may be expressed bypictograms or symbols instead of words or numbers.4.For the purpose of ensuring the uniform implementation ofparagraph 3 of this Article, the Commission may adopt implementingacts on the modalities of application of the criteria defined inaccordance with paragraph 3 to express one or more particulars bymeans of pictograms or symbols instead of words or numbers. Thoseimplementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examinationprocedure referred to in Article 48(2).

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 11 BArticle 10Additional mandatory particulars for specific types or categories offoods1.In addition to the particulars listed in Article 9(1), additionalmandatory particulars for specific types or categories of foods are laiddown in Annex III.2.In order to ensure consumer information with respect to specifictypes or categories of foods and to take account of technical progress,scientific developments, the protection of consumers’ health or the safeuse of a food, the Commission may amend Annex III by means ofdelegated acts, in accordance with Article 51.Where, in the case of the emergence of a risk to consumers’ health,imperative grounds of urgency so require, the procedure provided for inArticle 52 shall apply to delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Article.Article 11Weights and measuresArticle 9 shall be without prejudice to more specific Union provisionsregarding weights and measures.Article 12Availability and placement of mandatory food information1.Mandatory food information shall be available and shall be easilyaccessible, in accordance with this Regulation, for all foods.2.In the case of prepacked food, mandatory food information shallappear directly on the package or on a label attached thereto.3.In order to ensure that consumers benefit from other means ofprovision of mandatory food information better adapted for certainmandatory particulars, and provided that the same level of informationas by means of the package or the label is ensured, the Commission,taking into account evidence of uniform consumer understanding and ofthe wide use of these means by consumers, may establish, by means ofdelegated acts in accordance with Article 51, criteria subject to whichcertain mandatory particulars may be expressed by means other than onthe package or on the label.4.For the purposes of ensuring the uniform implementation ofparagraph 3 of this Article, the Commission may adopt implementingacts on the modalities of application of the criteria referred to inparagraph 3 in order to express certain mandatory particulars bymeans other than on the package or on the label. Those implementingacts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedurereferred to in Article 48(2).

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 12 B5.In the case of non-prepacked food, the provisions of Article 44shall apply.Article 13Presentation of mandatory particulars1.Without prejudice to the national measures adopted underArticle 44(2), mandatory food information shall be marked in aconspicuous place in such a way as to be easily visible, clearlylegible and, where appropriate, indelible. It shall not in any way behidden, obscured, detracted from or interrupted by any other writtenor pictorial matter or any other intervening material.2.Without prejudice to specific Union provisions applicable toparticular foods, when appearing on the package or on the labelattached thereto, the mandatory particulars listed in Article 9(1) shallbe printed on the package or on the label in such a way as to ensureclear legibility, in characters using a font size where the x-height, asdefined in Annex IV, is equal to or greater than 1,2 mm.3.In case of packaging or containers the largest surface of which hasan area of less than 80 cm2, the x-height of the font size referred to inparagraph 2 shall be equal to or greater than 0,9 mm.4.For the purpose of achieving the objectives of this Regulation, theCommission shall, by means of delegated acts in accordance withArticle 51, establish rules for legibility.For the same purpose as referred to in the first subparagraph, theCommission may, by means of delegated acts in accordance withArticle 51, extend the requirements under paragraph 5 of this Articleto additional mandatory particulars for specific types or categories offoods.5.The particulars listed in points (a), (e) and (k) of Article 9(1) shallappear in the same field of vision.6.Paragraph 5 of this Article shall not apply in the cases specified inArticle 16(1) and (2).Article 14Distance selling1.Without prejudice to the information requirements laid down inArticle 9, in the case of prepacked foods offered for sale by means ofdistance communication:(a) mandatory food information, except the particulars provided in point(f) of Article 9(1), shall be available before the purchase isconcluded and shall appear on the material supporting thedistance selling or be provided through other appropriate meansclearly identified by the food business operator. When other appro priate means are used, the mandatory food information shall beprovided without the food business operator charging consumerssupplementary costs;

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 13 B(b) all mandatory particulars shall be available at the moment ofdelivery.2.In the case of non-prepacked foods offered for sale by means ofdistance communication, the particulars required under Article 44 shallbe made available in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article.3.Point (a) of paragraph 1 shall not apply to foods offered for saleby means of automatic vending machines or automated commercialpremises.Article 15Language requirements1.Without prejudice to Article 9(3), mandatory food informationshall appear in a language easily understood by the consumers of theMember States where a food is marketed.2.Within their own territory, the Member States in which a food ismarketed may stipulate that the particulars shall be given in one or morelanguages from among the official languages of the Union.3.Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not preclude the particulars from beingindicated in several languages.Article 16Omission of certain mandatory particulars1.In the case of glass bottles intended for reuse which are indeliblymarked and which therefore bear no label, ring or collar only theparticulars listed in points (a), (c), (e), (f) and (l) of Article 9(1) shallbe mandatory.2.In the case of packaging or containers the largest surface of whichhas an area of less than 10 cm2 only the particulars listed in points (a),(c), (e) and (f) of Article 9(1) shall be mandatory on the package or onthe label. The particulars referred to in point (b) of Article 9(1) shall beprovided through other means or shall be made available at the requestof the consumer.3.Without prejudice to other Union provisions requiring a mandatorynutrition declaration, the declaration referred to in point (l) ofArticle 9(1) shall not be mandatory for the foods listed in Annex V.4.Without prejudice to other Union provisions requiring a list ofingredients or a mandatory nutrition declaration, the particularsreferred to in points (b) and (l) of Article 9(1) shall not be mandatoryfor beverages containing more than 1,2 % by volume of alcohol.

02011R1169 — EN — 01.01.2018 — 003.001 — 14 BBy 13 December 2014, the Commission shall produce a reportconcerning the application of Article 18 and Article 30(1) to theproducts referred to in this paragraph, and addressing whetheralcoholic beverages should in future be covered, in particular, by therequirement to provide the information on the energy value, and thereasons justifying possible exemptions, taking into account the need toensure coherence with other relevant Union policies. In this context, theCommission shall consider the need to propose a definition of ‘alco pops’.The Commission shall accompany that report by a legislative proposal,if appropriate, determining the rules for a list of ingredients or amandatory nutrition declaration for those products.SECTION 2Detailed provisions on mandatory particularsArticle 17Name of the food1.The name of the food shall be its legal name. In the absence ofsuch a name, the name of the food shall be its customary name, or, ifthere is no customary name or the customary name is not used, adescriptive name of the food shall be provided.2.The use in the Member State of marketing of the name of the foodunder which the product is legally manufactured and mar

(7) Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2015 on novel foods, amending Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1852/2001 (OJ L 327, 11.12.2015,

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