Olympic Winter Games Villages From Oslo 1952 To PyeongChang 2018

1y ago
7.80 MB
63 Pages
Last View : 1d ago
Last Download : 4m ago
Upload by : Ronan Orellana

OSC REFERENCE COLLECTIONSharing history, enriching the futureOlympic WinterGames Villages fromOslo 1952 toPyeongChang 201817.12.2018

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo1952 to PyeongChang 2018The Olympic Studies Centre is part of the Olympic Foundation for Cultureand Heritage and is the official centre of reference for Olympic knowledge.The Olympic Studies c.org2

OSC REFERENCE COLLECTIONThe “OSC Reference collection” is published by The Olympic Studies Centre, your centre ofreference for Olympic knowledge. It gathers a series of documents providing key historicalfacts and figures related to different aspects of the Olympic Games, the Olympic Movementand the IOC.In the same collection:Demonstration sports: history at the Olympic Winter GamesElections of the Presidents of the IOC: candidates and voting resultsHistory of the sports at the Summer Olympic GamesHistory of the sports at the Winter Olympic GamesOlympic Summer Games VillagesOlympic Winter Games VillagesOlympic Summer Games medalsOlympic Winter Games medalsOlympic Winter Games postersOlympic Summer Games postersOlympic Summer Games mascotsOlympic Winter Games mascotsThe IOC, the Olympic Movement and the Olympic GamesThe Olympic programme evolutionThe Olympic stadiums of the Summer GamesThe sports pictograms of the Olympic Summer GamesThe sports pictograms of the Olympic Winter GamesTorches and torch relays of the Olympic Summer GamesTorches and torch relays of the Olympic Winter GamesYouth Olympic Games medalsYouth Olympic Games mascotsAll reference documents, as well as the full collection of digital and printed publications of TheOlympic Studies Centre are available on The Olympic World Library (OWL), our librarycatalogue entirely devoted to Olympic knowledge: www.olympic.org/libraryThis content (the “Content”) is made available to you (“You”) by the International Olympic Committee (the “IOC”) fornon-commercial, educational, research, analysis, review or reporting purposes only. The Content shall not be redistributed, as made available to you by the IOC, in part or in whole, except to the extent that such content is aderivative work created by You. Re-distribution of compilations of the Content made available to you is expresslyexcluded. You must give appropriate credit, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonablemanner, but not in any way that suggests the IOC and its affiliated entities including The Olympic Studies Centre(“OSC”) endorses you or your use. The IOC by means of the OSC endeavours to provide you with accurate and up-todate information. The IOC and the OSC make no warranties or representations about and assumes no liability for theinformation included in the Content, neither its accuracy nor completeness. 2018 International Olympic CommitteeThe Olympic Studies c.org3

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018CONTENTSIntroduction5Oslo 19528Squaw Valley 196011Innsbruck 196414Grenoble 196817Sapporo 197220Innsbruck 197623Lake Placid 198026Sarajevo 198429Calgary 198832Albertville 199235Lillehammer 199439Nagano 199842Salt Lake City 200246Turin 200649Vancouver 201052Sochi 201455PyeongChang 201858Credits61The Olympic Studies c.org4

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018INTRODUCTIONToday, the Olympic Village is a key element in the organisation and success of the Games. Itbrings together the world’s athletes in a unique location, and offers them an accommodationsolution adapted to their needs during the final phase of their preparation. The concept ofOlympic Villages is the fruit of an evolution process inseparably linked to that of the OlympicGames.Already in Antiquity, in order to take part in the Olympic Games, the athletes who had comefrom different cities gathered and lived in the same place. The town of Elis became the venuefor this gathering, and at least a month before the Games, the participants arrived here tocomplete their training and receive instructions for the competitions. They then went to thesanctuary of Olympia around 60 kilometres away, and stayed there during the actual events. 1As mentioned by the historian Nicholas Yalouris, the gathering of athletes from the AncientGreek world for the Games encouraged the development of a common awareness and sharedideal. Subsequently, the scope of the ancient Olympic Games expanded with the incorporationof Greece into the Roman Empire and the participation of Roman citizens in the Games. 2For the first editions of the modern Olympic Games, between 1896 and 1920, there was noreal Olympic Village. The teams generally stayed in hotels, public or military buildings, withlocal people or even on the boats which had transported them there. The General TechnicalRules applicable to the 1924 Games in Paris stipulated that “The Organising Committee forthe Olympic Games is required to provide the athletes with accommodation, bedding and food,at a fixed rate which shall be set beforehand per person and per day [ ].” 3 As a result, theorganisers established an accommodation centre called the Olympic Village, and offered theteams of the different nations the chance to stay in the same location, under the sameconditions, and with common services. 4 During the preparations for the 1928 Games inAmsterdam, consideration was given to creating an Olympic Village, but the organisers optedfor other solutions. 5 For the 1932 Games in Los Angeles, however, an Olympic Village with acapacity of 2,000 people was built to the west of the city. From then on, a Village would becreated for every edition of the Summer Games, with the exception of London in 1948, whichhad to face the material challenges of the immediate post-war period. 6 For the Winter Games,1Jordi Carbonell, “The Barcelona '92 Olympic Village”, Olympic Villages, Hundred Years of Urban Planning andShared Experiences, Miquel de Moragas, Montserrat Llinés and Bruce Kidd [ed.], International Symposium onOlympic Villages Lausanne 1996, IOC, 1997, p. 141; Ludwig Drees, Olympia, Gods, Artists and Athletes, London: PallMall Press, 1967, p. 43; Nicholas Yalouris, “The City of Elis. The Primordial Olympic Village”, Olympic Villages,Hundred Years of Urban Planning and Shared Experiences, Miquel de Moragas, Montserrat Llinés and Bruce Kidd[ed.], International Symposium on Olympic Villages Lausanne 1996, IOC, 1997, p. 24.2Nicholas Yalouris, op. cit., pp. 25-26.3Statuts du Comité International Olympique, Règlements et protocole de la célébration des Olympiades modernes etdes Jeux Olympiques quadriennaux, Règles générales techniques applicables à la célébration de la VIIIe OlympiadeParis 1924, Lausanne: IOC, ca 1924, p. 21.4Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924: rapport officiel, Comité olympique français, Paris: Librairie de France,1924, p. 60.5The Ninth Olympiad being the Official Report of the Olympic Games of 1928 celebrated at Amsterdam, G. VanRossem [ed.], Netherlands Olympic Committee (Committee 1928), Amsterdam: J. H. De Bussy, n.d., pp. 108, 191.6The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the XIV Olympiad, London: The Organising Committee for theXIV Olympiad London, 1951, p. 143.The Olympic Studies c.org5

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018between 1924 and 1956 the teams stayed mainly in hotels, apart from the 1952 Games inOslo, where three accommodation sites were created. 7With each edition, the concept was reinforced and developed. As well as the convivialityelement, creating an Olympic Village capable of compactly housing thousands of athletes andtheir entourage members presents numerous advantages, such as economies of scale andthe optimisation of team transport. As the success of the Games has grown, the size of theVillages has increased; the services have become more diverse; and the planning andfunctions of the different areas of the site have evolved and become standardised.The transformation of the Villages has also reflected that of society. For example, for theSummer Games, until the 1950s no women were housed in the Village, but rather in otheraccommodation sites. At the 1956 Games in Melbourne, for the first time they had their ownpart of the main Village, but one to which the male athletes were not admitted. However, thewomen had access to other parts of the Village such as the dining rooms. This situationcontinued until the 1980s. Starting with the 1984 Games in Los Angeles, the athletes wereaccommodated by team, and this gender separation disappeared.Technological developments have also had an impact on the facilities and services of theOlympic Villages with, for example, the appearance of internet access in the 1990s and, at theend of the 20th century, the increasing use of materials and methods of construction aimed atsaving energy and resources.The main Olympic Village is one of the imposing architectural projects which characterises anedition of the Games. While the first ones were temporary, as in Paris in 1924 or Los Angelesin 1932, they are now built to last. So re-using them after the Olympic event is of keyimportance to the host city. The authorities see a chance to develop an innovative project,capable of creating a strong urban legacy of lasting benefit to the local population. And what ismore, the Villages built today for the Olympic Games are also used for the Paralympic Gamesheld shortly afterwards.This document presents the editions of the Olympic Winter Games for which an OlympicVillage was created. It does not include the potential plans for the editions of 1940 and 1944which were cancelled or the accommodation used when there was no main Village (before1952 or in Cortina in 1956). It does, however, provide details about any other accommodationsites arranged by the organisers in addition to the main Village. As these sites were notnecessarily called “villages”, the terminology used varied from one edition to the next. Only theaccommodation sites for athletes and team officials are presented here.Note also that, unless indicated otherwise, the data and information concerning the mainOlympic Village and additional accommodation sites refer to their specific configuration for theGames. Indeed, depending on the reconversion project for after the Games, the sites aregenerally reconfigured to adapt them to their new use. This sometimes means removinginfrastructure and temporary services or reducing the capacity of the Village, which is oftenincreased for the Games themselves.7VI Olympiske Vinterleker Oslo 1952 - VI Olympic Winter Games Oslo 1952, Rolf Petersen, Organising Committee forthe Olympic Winter Games in Oslo in 1952, Oslo: Organisasjonskomiteen, ca. 1953, p. 81.The Olympic Studies c.org6

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 20181234561) Looking through the window. 2) Athletes from the Swiss delegation in front of the entrance to the Sogn Village. 3) Signing autographs. 4) Reading a newspaper. 5) The Ila OlympicVillage. 6) Daily life.The Olympic Studies c.org7

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018OSLO 1952The Sogn Olympic VillageA building in the Ullevål Olympic VillageMAIN VILLAGES: SOGN, ULLEVÅL, ILALocation:Sogn: Jon P. Erliens Road in the Nordre Aker district, Oslo.Ullevål: Nedre Ullevål Road in the St Hanshaugen district, Oslo.Ila: Iladalen in the Sagene district, Oslo.Type of infrastructure: NewArchitect:-Capacity:Sogn: 600 participants and their coaches.Ullevål: 400 people.Ila: 200 people.Surface area:-Athleteaccommodation:Sogn: six three-storey buildings and 363 apartments.Ullevål: 256 bedrooms in two eight-storey buildings.Ila: 121 bedrooms.Period of operation:The whole of FebruaryCONCEPT AND SERVICESTo house the participants and their staff, the Organising Committee arranged threeaccommodation sites in Oslo itself. For practical questions, the female athletes were alsoaccommodated there. The teams were split between the three Villages based on their ownpreferences. Those with the same dietary preferences were grouped together as much aspossible.The three sites offered identical service levels. They all had a post office, telephones andtelegraphs, and a laundry service. In each Village, areas were available to different serviceproviders, to allow them to offer additional facilities such as banks, kiosks, hairdressers, andsports equipment maintenance and sales.The Olympic Studies c.org8

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018In addition to these three sites, temporary accommodation was arranged in Sogn and Ullevål.The main entrances created for these two Villages were covered. At Ullevål, a temporarybuilding connected the two accommodation buildings. It housed a dining hall with a capacity of210 people and a central kitchen for the three Villages, capable of delivering 3,600 meals aday. A take-away meal service was also offered for people unable to eat at the Villages at thescheduled times.AFTER THE GAMESSogn became a student village. The buildings in Ullevål were constructed for the staff of thehospital located close by. Part of them became student apartments. The accommodation at Ilawere planned as housing for old people.A D D I T I O N A L V I L L A G E S A N D A C C O M M O D AT I O N S I T E SNOREFJELLUsed by:Participants in the downhill and giant slalom eventsCapacity: 250 peopleDescription:Three hotels, one newly built, provided temporary accommodationfor the athletes taking part in the events at Norefjell. This venue isaround 120 kilometres from Oslo, on the slopes of the Norefjellmountain range.DID YOU KNOW?‒ A group of sports enthusiasts volunteered to paint the outside of the temporary building atthe Ullevål site.SOURCES‒ Ullevål Studentby, Studentsamskipnaden i Oslo og Akershus website‒ VI Olympic Winter Games Oslo 1952, Oslo: Organisasjonskomiteen, [ca 1953], pp. 23-25,36, 41, 71, 80-88, n.p.The Olympic Studies c.org9

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018View of the Squaw Valley 1960 Olympic Village.The Olympic Studies c.org10

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018S Q U AW VA L L E Y 1 9 6 0Scale model with the Olympic Village (top left)The army clearing the streets of snowMAIN VILLAGELocation:Chamonix Place, Squaw ValleyType of infrastructure: NewArchitect:-Capacity:1,200 peopleSurface area:-Athleteaccommodation:Four three-storey buildings with 75 bedroomsPeriod of operation:-CONCEPT AND SERVICESRight from the outset of the Squaw Valley bid to host the Winter Games in 1960, it wasplanned to house all the athletes in a single Village. Originally planned on the shores of LakeTahoe, 10 minutes away from Squaw Valley, it was finally built in Squaw Valley itself, just fiveminutes on foot away from all the competition venues apart from the biathlon and crosscountry skiing.Three of the four accommodation buildings were for men, and the fourth for women. Builtbetween the summer of 1957 and March 1959, they all had a massage room and sauna.A multipurpose building called the Athletes’ Centre included a 900-seat dining hall with anoutside terrace, a lounge area and a laundry service for the athletes. Nightly entertainmentprogrammes were organised in the evenings in the dining hall converted into an auditorium.Celebrities such as Dany Kaye and Esther Williams performed there.The Olympic Studies c.org11

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018Two recreation buildings offered, for one, a cinema showing films non-stop between 1 and 9p.m. and for the other, a “dairy bar” and a recreation room equipped with a juke box, tabletennis and board games.A reception and transport centre, medical centre, buildings for storage and for athletes’equipment maintenance complete the installations of the Village. Close by, there were alsovarious other facilities, such as a hairdresser’s and a training rink.AFTER THE GAMESAccording to David C. Antonucci (2009), the Village was initially used as a hotel. In 1990, itwas remodelled into timeshare condominiums and a conference centre. Two of theaccommodation buildings were destroyed. Starting in 1977, the United States OlympicCommittee used the Village as a training centre for a number of years.DID YOU KNOW?‒ Particular attention was paid to the quality and presentation of the food. An internationallytrained team of cooks was brought in. The menus, in various languages, were posted inadvance in the rooms. At least one typical dish from each of the participating countrieswas on the menu during the Games. As a result, according to the organisers, the onlycomplaints came from coaches worried about their athletes putting on weight because ofall the tempting food on offer.SOURCES‒ California, Squaw Valley: United States’ choice for the Winter Olympics, [ca 1956], n.p.‒ David C. Antonucci, Snowball’s Chance: The Story of the 1960 Olympic Winter GamesSquaw Valley & Lake Tahoe, BookSurge, Charleston, 2009, pp. 20-21.‒ Dawn Moffit, “Olympic Training Centers: A First for the U.S.”, Journal of PhysicalEducation, Recreation & Dance, vol. 55-4, April 1984, p. 16.‒ John Ormond [ed.], The Pageantry story: VIII Olympic Winter Games, Squaw Valley,California, February 1960, Walt Disney Productions and VIII Olympic Winter GamesPageantry Committee, 1960, n.p.‒ Ski events - modern winter biathlon, [VIII Olympic Winter Games Organizing Committee],[ca 1959], pp. 2-3, 35.‒ VIII Olympic Winter Games Squaw Valley, California, 1960: final report, California OlympicCommission [publ.] and Organising Committee [ed.], [ca. 1960], pp. 29, 33-38, 121, n.p.The Olympic Studies c.org12

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 20181234561) The Olympic Village under construction. 2) Aerial view of the Olympic Village site. 3) A room in the Village. 4) Swiss athletes in a room. 5) Members of the Swiss delegation playingcards. 6) The restaurant.The Olympic Studies c.org13

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018INNSBRUCK 1964A building under constructionLife at the Olympic VillageSwiss athletes in the VillageAn athleteMAIN VILLAGELocation:Schützenstrasse and An-der-Lan-Strasse, InnsbruckType of infrastructure: NewArchitect:F. ThalerCapacity: 2,000 peopleSurface area:-Athleteaccommodation:273 residential units in four 10-storey buildings.Period of operation:15.01. – 12.02.1964CONCEPT AND SERVICESBetween January 1961 and the end of 1963, a new residential area composed of eight 10storey buildings, with 689 rooms, was built in the eastern part of the city of Innsbruck. Four ofthe buildings were used to create the Olympic Village for the Games. Three of them housedthe male athletes. In the fourth building, half was reserved for the female athletes, with theother half for the female staff at the Village. The furniture was loaned by the Austrian army.Each of the buildings had a restaurant on the ground floor which offered various types ofcuisine.A single-storey building built by the city was used as a team welcome area, an informationoffice and visitor reception. An 18-room leisure centre offered various leisure activities, suchas reading, television, music and table tennis. Folk evenings and variety shows featuringcontemporary performers like Eddie Fischer and Vico Torriani were organised.To ensure the smooth operation of the Village and the comfort of its Olympic guests, specificlogistical services and staff were put in place. For example, the bed linen was dealt with in theThe Olympic Studies c.org14

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018local town of Wattens, as no laundry service in Innsbruck was capable of handling this. Theathletes notably had access to a clothes repair service, banking services, a tea room and ahairdresser’s. They could also make use of the sauna put at their disposal by the city ofInnsbruck.AFTER THE GAMESThe buildings used for the Olympic Village during the Games became residentialaccommodation.A D D I T I O N A L V I L L A G E S A N D A C C O M M O D AT I O N S I T E SSEEFELDUsed by:Participants in the biathlon, Nordic combined, ski jumping (70m hill)and cross-country skiing events.Capacity: 450 people (250 athletes and 200 officials)Description:The participants stayed in hotels.DID YOU KNOW?‒ The Village for the Olympic Winter Games in 1976, also held in Innsbruck, was built rightnext to the one for the 1964 Games.SOURCES‒ “Das Olympische Dorf”, Innsbruck 1964: IX. Olympische Winterspiele Bulletin,Organisationskomitee der IX. Olympischen Winterspiele Innsbruck 1964, n. 2, December1961, p. 11.‒ “Das Olympisches Dorf – Village Olympique – Olympic Villages”, Innsbruck 1964: IX.Olympische Winterspiele Bulletin, Organisationskomitee der IX. Olympischen WinterspieleInnsbruck 1964, n. 8, mai 1963, p. 79.‒ Final report, Innsbruck: Organizing Committee for the XIIth Winter Olympic Games 1976 atInnsbruck, 1976, p. 191.‒ Offizieller Bericht der IX. Olympischen Winterspiele Innsbruck 1964, Organisationskomiteeder IX. Olympischen Winterspiele in Innsbruck 1964, Wien; München: ÖsterreichischerBundesverl. für Unterricht-Wissenschaft und Kunst, 1967, pp. 22-23, 32, 42, 50-59, 100,207.The Olympic Studies c.org15

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 201812345561) General view of the Olympic Village construction site. 2) Buildings in the Olympic Village. 3) Inside the Olympic Village in Autrans. 4) Florence STEURER (FRA) and Isabelle MIR (FRA) atthe Olympic village. 5) Annie FAMOSE (FRA) and Marielle GOITSCHEL (FRA) in an Olympic Village bedroom. 6) Olympic Village of Autrans.The Olympic Studies c.org16

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018GRENOBLE 1968View of the Olympic VillageThe Bachat-Bouloud Olympic Village in ChamrousseMAIN VILLAGELocation:“Village Olympique” district, sector 6, Grenoble.Type of infrastructure: NewArchitect:Maurice Novarina (chief architect)Capacity: 2,000 athletes and officialsSurface area:-Athleteaccommodation:A university hall of residence with 800 individual bedrooms in 11 fouror five-storey buildings. 300 individual bedrooms in a workers’ hostel.62 apartments in a 15-storey building.Period of operation:-CONCEPT AND SERVICESFor the Dauphiné city which, between 1954 and 1962 had experienced one of the highestgrowth rates of all French cities, this Olympic event speeded up the urban modernisationprogrammes which had become necessary. An Olympic accommodation complex for theGames was built as part of a wider-ranging plan for new residential areas south of the city.The complex was in two parts: the first was the Olympic Village itself, intended toaccommodate the athletes and their entourage, the second was a service centre for theOrganising Committee, the partner bodies and the public services. Made up of various types ofbuildings of different heights, a unified style was achieved, particularly through the use of woodcladding on some elements of the façades. The architectural concept, by using the notion ofstreet and square, also aimed at recreating a living atmosphere like that of a village.Construction work began on 1 April 1966 and ended in November 1967.The Village restaurant had a capacity of 1,800 people. It consisted of four dining halls, andfour different menus were served: Nordic, Mediterranean, far eastern and central European.The Olympic Studies c.org17

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018AFTER THE GAMESAfter becoming a residential area as originally planned, the district retained the name “VillageOlympique”.A D D I T I O N A L V I L L A G E S A N D A C C O M M O D AT I O N S I T E STo avoid their having to go back down into the valley each day and optimise their trainingconditions, two secondary Villages were established in the resorts of Autran and Chamroussefor the athletes competing in the Nordic and Alpine events. In these two Villages, like the mainone in Grenoble, the athletes had access to clubs, games rooms and a cinema. Entertainmentsuch as televisions, libraries, dance floors, pool tables, table tennis and bowling. Events wereorganised, and stars like Petula Clark, Dalida and Gilbert Bécaud visited the athletes.AUTRANSUsed by:Participants in the Nordic disciplinesCapacity: 650 people accommodatedDescription:Located 32 kilometres from Grenoble and newly built, the Villagewas intended to become a youth centre and family holidayaccommodation after the Games. Two buildings close by wererenovated and provided additional accommodation for the athletes.CHAMROUSSEUsed by:Participants in the Alpine disciplinesCapacity: 350 people accommodatedDescription:The houses of an existing holiday and school trip village wereadapted to create the Olympic village.SOURCES‒ Bulletin officiel du Comité d'organisation des Xes Games olympiques d'hiver, OrganisingCommittee for the X Olympic Winter Games Grenoble 1968, n. 5, November 1966, p. 26.‒ Équipement, logement-transports: Grenoble 68, Centre d'information technique etéconomique de l'équipement (France), 1967, pp. 3, 7, 65.‒ Guide officiel des Xes Jeux olympiques d'hiver: du 6 février au 18 février: Grenoble 1968,Organising Committee for the X Olympic Winter Games Grenoble 1968, 1968, pp. 96-97.‒ Les réalisations olympiques: Grenoble 1964 – 1968, Organising Committee for the XOlympic Winter Games Grenoble 1968, n.d., pp. 71-77.‒ Rapport officiel, Grenoble: Organising Committee for the X Olympic Winter GamesGrenoble 1968, 1969, pp. 63-65, 69-70, 74, 112-113, 252.‒ Report presented by the Organising Committee for the X Olympic Winter Games Grenoble1968 to the 63rd Session of the International Olympic Committee, Madrid, 1965, s.n., n.d.,n.p.‒ “Secteur 6”, City of Grenoble website.The Olympic Studies c.org18

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 201812345761) Welcome of the delegations. 2) The dance hall. 3) A building in the Olympic Village. 4) Welcoming of the athletes from Czechoslovakia. 5) A restaurant. 6) Athletes playing football in thesnow. 7) Athletes from Switzerland.The Olympic Studies c.org19

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018SAPPORO 1972A beauty salonA couple in a hallA volunteer with the US flagView of the Olympic VillageMAIN VILLAGELocation:Makomanai Izumi-machi, Minami-ku, SapporoType of infrastructure: NewArchitect:Eleven-storey buildings: joint enterprises body (design).Five-storey buildings: Japan Housing Corporation (preliminary design)and the Maintenance Department of the Hokkaido DevelopmentBureau (working drawings)Capacity:2,300 peopleSurface area: 150,000 m2Athleteaccommodation:772 accommodation units of various sizes in 18 five-storey buildingsand two 11-storey buildings.Period of operation:12.01.1972 – 17.02.1972CONCEPT AND SERVICESA single Village was created. The competition venues were all close enough to allow athletesto travel there and back the same day. The most distant competition site was Mount Eniwa,around 32 kilometres away. The Village was built in a residential area around 6.5 kilometressouth of the city centre, on land previously occupied by the Hokkaido Police Academy. It was afew hundred metres from the two rinks where, in one, the Opening Ceremony and the speedskating competitions were held and, in the other, the Closing Ceremony as well as the icehockey and figure skating competitions. Work started in mid-April 1970.The section of the Village reserved for women consisted of two 11-storey buildings. For theirpart, the men stayed in the 18 five-storey buildings. A clinic covering roughly 550 squaremetres was set up in a one-storey building.The Olympic Studies c.org20

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 2018The Village dining hall was a temporary building divided into four dining halls, each offering adifferent type of menu and with a capacity of 228 people. A total of 33,075 meals were served.The catering services also offered meals to take away, special meals and late meals.The services for the Village guests included a training centre, shops, a repair service, a waxingroom, a sauna and ion baths. The entertainment provided included an auditorium with musicand magic shows, and a 300-seat theatre. The programme featured plenty of folklore andJapanese culture, especially traditional activities such as floral art, tea ceremonies andorigami.AFTER THE GAMESThe Olympic Village became a residential area as initially planned.SOURCES‒ The XI Olympic Winter Games Sapporo 1972 – Official Report, Sapporo: OrganisingCommittee for the XI Olympic Winter Games, 1973, pp. 238, 244, 349-361, 384.‒ “Olympic Village under construction”, XI Olympic Winter Games Official Bulletin,September 1970, n. 8, pp. 4, 6.‒“Official report on the state of preparations for the Sapporo Olympic Winter Games”, XIOlympic Winter Games Official Bulletin, April 1968, n. 3, p. 24.The Olympic Studies c.org21

Olympic Winter Games Villages from Oslo 1952 to PyeongChang 201821345671) Aerial view of

Olympic Summer Games posters Olympic Summer Games mascots Olympic Winter Games mascots The IOC, the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games The Olympic programme evolution The Olympic stadiums of the Summer Games The sports pictograms of the Olympic Summer Games The sports pictograms of the Olympic Winter Games .

Related Documents:

Olympic Winter Games medals Olympic Winter Games posters Olympic Summer Games posters Olympic Summer Games mascots Olympic Winter Games mascots The sports pictograms of the Olympic Summer Games The sports pictograms of the Olympic Winter Games The IOC, the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games The Olympic programme evolution Torches and torch .

‒ The XI Olympic Winter Games Sapporo 1972: Official report, Sapporo: The Organizing Committee for the XIth Olympic Winter Games, 1973, pp. 342, 411. ‒ Miquel De Moragas Spà, "Pictograms in the history of the Olympic Games", Olympic Message, 1992, no. 34, p. 43.

Olympic Games and other Olympic Games marks, mascots, pictograms and posters, the wordmarks "Olympic", "Olympic Games" and "Olympiad", the Olympic motto "Citius, Altius, Fortius" and any English or other language translations of the same, and other Olympic-related terminology.

debut of women's boxing at the London 2012 Olympic Games to be a great success. The International Federation believes that the Olympic programme will benefit from including women's boxing in future Olympic Games. Lastly, the boxing competitions at the London Olympic Games received great support and participation from the public, television,

the Games of the VII Olympiad. - Since 1924, the Olympic flag has been raised solemnly during the Opening Ceremony of the Games in the Olympic stadium. - The Olympic flag for the Olympic Winter Games was given to the IOC by the mayor of Oslo in 1952. - After the World War II, the IOC persua

Olympic Summer Games-specific content . Olympic Winter Games-specific content . Paralympic Games-specific content . numbers and statistics . previous Games examples. Evolving content Each edition of the Olympic Games brings innovation, responding to the context of the host cit

Group-lending villages Individual-lending villages Control villages Uvs Khovsgol Bulgan Khentii Ulaanbaatar Arkhangai Group-lending villages Individual-lending villages Control villages 04 The experiment Mongolia is the most sparsely populated country in the world and this makes disbursing, monitoring and collecting small loans very costly.

I. DNA, Chromosomes, Chromatin, and Genes DNA blueprint of life (has the instructions for making an organism) Chromatin uncoiled DNA Chromosome coiled DNA You have 46 chromosomes or 23 pairs in the nucleus of each body cell. o 23 from mom and 23 from dad Gene a segment of DNA that codes for a protein, which in turn codes for a trait (skin tone, eye color, etc); a gene is a stretch of .