Grace Wang Deputy Assistant Director For Engineering National Science .

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Grace WangDeputy Assistant Director for EngineeringNational Science FoundationOct. 8, 20151

Definition of Innovation“Innovation is the creation and delivery ofsurprising new knowledge, (products and services)that have sustainable value for society.”- Curtis Carlson

Myth: A Linear Innovation nment3Marketplace

Innovation Ecosystem Stakeholders Innovation infrastructure and culture Partnerships and technology/talent flow Living organisms Environment Links4

Building Innovation EcosystemBe catalystsEnabling innovation infrastructure and culturefor value-added partnerships andtechnology/talent flowGovernmentIndustryAcademePartnerships andTechnology/Talentflow5Infrastructureand cultureStartupsMarketplacePrivateInvestors

SBIRPFI: BIC/AIRI/UCRCI-CorpsSTTRERCGOALINSF overallSTCResearch to earchValley ofDeathFoundationsSmall ialization

Building Innovation Infrastructure Engineering Research Centers (ERC) System-level engineering research Transformative engineering research to enablenew industries Industry/University Cooperative research Centers(I/UCRC) Pre-competitive industry-inspired researchconsortia

ERC (Research) Strategic e chartSystemsRequirementsTestbeds ResearchStakeholdersTestbedsSystemsProducts & OutcomesTechnology riersEnabling Technology ResearchTestbedsSystem RequirementsTestbedsTestbedsEnabling Technology ResearchEnabling TechnologiesTechnology BaseFundamental InsightsFundamental ResearchFundamental ResearchFundamental ResearchFundamental KnowledgeFundamental ResearchBarriersFundamental ResearchFundamental ResearchKnowledge Base8

9October 12, 2015

New ERC Solicitation (NSF 15-589) What is the compelling new idea and how does it relateto national needs? Why is a center necessary to tackle the idea? How will the ERC's infrastructure integrate andimplement research, workforce development andinnovation ecosystem development efforts to achieve itsvision?10October 12, 2015

Industry/University Cooperative ResearchCenters (I/UCRC)Industry membersPooled Member ’sNSFSeed fundingCooperativelydefined researchResearch portfolioProjectsI/UCRC FrameworkRequires trust be builtUniversitiesValue Access toprecompetitiveresearch results Access to students Leverage funding Industry-relevanteducation Build researchstrength


I/UCRC Impact vs. Investment: ExamplesEach dollar invested by NSF-I/UCRC generated anestimated 64 in impacts.IUCRC investments & ImpactsIMSBSACCPaSS 846 M 410 M 9 MTotal investments (present value) 3 M 13 M 3 MBenefit: Cost Ratio270:131:13:1 843M 397M 6MEstimated impacts (present value)Net Present ValueIMS: Intelligent Maintenance Systems (2001)CPaSS: Center for Particulates & Surfactants (1998)BSAC: Berkeley Sensors and Actuators Center (1986)13

Cultivating Innovation Culture andEntrepreneurship14October 12, 2015

Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaisonwith Industry (GOALI)Co-funding opportunityIndustrialscientists andengineers touniversitiesFaculty,postdoctoralfellows, andstudents toindustryUniversityindustry teamsto conduct jointresearchprojects

Accelerating Innovation Research (AIR)Require lineage to previously NSF-funded basicresearch awards Proofs-of-concept and/or pre-commercial prototypes Promote entrepreneurial thinking among faculty andstudents TECHNOLOGY TRANSLATION (TT) (NSF 15-570) Single investigators 200k/1.5 years

Building Innovation Capacity (BIC) Platform technologies to enable human-centered andmarket-driven "smart" service systems Academe-industry partnerships required Industry contribution of market knowledge to ensurerelevance Social behavioral and/or cognitive science componentrequired to understand the potential interaction of thetechnology with users Up to 1 M for 3 years (NSF 15-610)17

Innovation Corps (I-Corps) Why I-Corps? Capitalize on previously NSF-funded basic research Cultivate entrepreneurial culture I-Corps approach “Lean Launchpad” curriculum Team: PI Entrepreneurial Lead Business Mentor Experiential entrepreneurial education18

Building a National Innovation NetworkI-Corps Nodes7 nodesI-Corps SitesI-Corps MentorsI-Corps Teams 36 sitesExtensive mentornetwork (200 )Supported more than500 teams; 261 startupswere established

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) & SmallBusiness Technology Transfer (STTR)Seeking high-risk, high-payback innovations withhigh commercialization potentialInvest in for-profit small businesses

Positioning of NSF SBIR/STTR Program– Help Mitigate RisksCompany/Team ket Risk

Strong Ties to Universities STTR Subcontract to universities is mandatory Strongly encourages NSF funding lineage Phase I: STTR 225K, 12 months SBIR: 225K, 6-12 months Phase II SBIR/STTR: 750K, 2 years

Inclusive Topic Areas Educational Technologies and Applications (EA) Information and Communication Technologies (IC) Semiconductors (S) and Photonic (PH) Devices and Materials Electronic Hardware, Robotics and Wireless Technologies (EW) Advanced Manufacturing and Nanotechnology (MN) Advanced Materials and Instrumentation (MI) Chemical and Environmental Technologies (CT) Biological Technologies (BT) Smart Health (SH) and Biomedical (BM) Technologies23

Encourage Fundraising from Private Sectors- Help mitigate financing risk Phase IIB supplement Match 50% of third-party investment up to 500k Third-party investment that SBIR/STTR Phase IIgrantees collectively raised 78 million in FY2012 83 million in FY2013 19 acquisitions in last 2 years for an estimated over 600 million acquisition value24

Cultivating Entrepreneurship Launched SBIR “Beat The Odds” Boot-Camp Focusing on customer discovery and understandingmarket needs Overwhelmingly positive feedback SBIR/STTR Grantees Conferences Focus on entrepreneurial education25

Looking Back and Looking into the Future 26October 12, 2015

Of 65 billion total in U.S. university R&Dexpenditures in FY2011* 4.9%, or 3.2 billion, was funded by businessesU.S. large R&D Companies** Funding to universities represents less than 1% ofcompany R&D spending in 2010Need to integrate industry-inspired basicresearch into universities’ mission*Source: National Science Foundation's Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey**SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics and U.S. CensusBureau, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2010.

Need new ways of seeing IP value 16 universities took 70% of total licensingincome of the university system in 2012 Over the last 20 years, on average, 87% oftechnology transfer offices did not break evenSource: University Start-Ups: Critical for Improving Technology Transfer(Brookings, Nov. 2013)

THE FUTURE OFEMPLOYMENT: HOWSUSCEPTIBLE AREJOBS TOCOMPUTERISATION?“ about 47 percent oftotal US employment isat risk.”How to prepare our studentsfor such a future?Osborne and Frey, 2013,Oxford University29

For Startups,How to continuously cultivate an innovativeand risk-taking culture?Source: Commerce Department’s Business Dynamics Statistics30

Encourage industry-inspired basic research Explore new IP practices Stimulate innovative education models Cultivate entrepreneurshipIt is all about infrastructure and culture31

for value-added partnerships and technology/talent flow . Partnerships and Technology/Talent flow . Research to Commercialization 6 Investors NSF overall Industry . GOALI STTR PFI: BIC/AIR . ERC. I/UCRC SBIR STC Discovery . Development Commercialization . Foundations . Valley of . innovation ecosystem development efforts to achieve its vision .

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All Life is Weak and relies upon the Grace of God to sustain it. We see this Grace in how a mother sustains a Weak child. Grace is the noun. Love is the verb, which means: showing Grace. Lets see how we find Grace in the 3-Square. Once again, the short line on the left is thin, not thick like the bar at the top.

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