Radiation Dose Limits - WKU

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Radiation Dose LimitsRadiation Safety TrainingModule 3

This module will address Western Kentucky Universityradiation dose limits. Basis for WKU limits Kentucky Administrative Regulations, specifically 902KAR 100:019Radiation Dose Limits OverviewRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 2

Annual MaximumPermissible Dose Limits5,000 mrem (5 rem)50 mSv (0.05 Sv)Whole BodyDeep Dose Equivalent50,000 mrem (50 rem)500 mSv (0.5 Sv)Whole BodyShallow Dose Equivalent15,000 mrem (15 rem)150 mSv (0.15 Sv)Lens of EyeDose Equivalent50,000 mrem (50 rem)500 mSv (0.5 Sv)Extremities500 mrem (0.5 rem)/gestation period5 mSv (0.005 Sv)/gestation periodDeclared PregnantWorker100 mrem (0.1 rem)/year1 mSv (0.001 Sv)/yearMember of the PublicDose LimitsRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 3

Whole body The whole body includes the head, trunk (including male gonads), arms above theelbow, or legs above the knee. These locations contain most of the bloodproducing and vital organs. The whole body dose equivalent limit is based on the sum of internal and externaldose. Lens of the eye tissue depth of 0.3 centimeter (300 mg/cm2). Extremities The hand, elbow, arm below the elbow, foot, knee, or leg below the knee. Extremities can withstand a much larger dose than the whole body because thereare no major blood-producing organs located here. Skin and Other Organs Tissue depth of 0.007 centimeter (seven (7) mg/cm2) averaged over an area of one(1) square centimeter.DefinitionsRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 4

Declared pregnant worker: Embryo/fetus After a female worker voluntarily notifies her employer in writing that sheis pregnant, she is considered a declared pregnant worker. A form todeclare pregnancy is available in Appendix K of the WKU Radiation SafetyManual or Appendix E of the WKU Radiation Producing Machines SafetyManual. A special limit for radiation dose to the fetus/embryo is required. The employer may provide the option of a mutually agreeable assignmentof work tasks, with no loss of pay or promotional opportunity, such thatfurther occupational radiation exposure is unlikely. This declaration may be revoked, in writing, at anytime by the declaredpregnant worker. Measures must be taken to avoid substantial variation above the uniformexposure rate necessary to meet the 500 mrem limit for the gestation period.DefinitionsRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 5

Members of the public Members of the public are WKU employees visitors,members of the general public, etc. that do not useradioactive materials or radiation producing machines, butmay potentially receive small doses due to the radiationactivities of WKUDefinitionsRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 6

It is each employee’s responsibility to comply with theprescribed dose limits.If you suspect that dose limits or action levels arebeing approached or exceeded, you should notify yoursupervisor and the RSO immediately.Worker ResponsibilitiesRegarding Dose LimitsRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 7

Although most X-ray workers do not receive radiationdoses near the regulatory limit, it is important torecognize that X-ray device-related accidents haveoccurred when proper procedures have not beenfollowed. Failure to follow proper procedures has been the result of: Rushing to complete a jobBoredomFatigueIllnessPersonal problemsLack of communicationComplacencyRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 8

Radiological Worker Training, DOE Handbook, DOEHDBK-1130-98, October 1998, Reaffirmation withErrata May 2004, Change Notice No. 1, February 2005. Radiological Safety Training for Radiation-Producing(X-Ray) Devices, DOE Handbook, DOE-HDBK-110997, August 1997, Reaffirmation with Errata July 2002 WKU Radiation Safety Manual, Revised 2011 WKU Radiation Producing Machines Safety Manual,2006, Revised 2011 902 KAR 100:010. Definitions for 902 KAR Chapter100. rencesRadiation Safety TrainingQuestions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.eduRadiation Dose LimitsModule 3, Page 9

Radiation Dose Limits Overview This module will address Western Kentucky University radiation dose limits. Basis for WKU limits Kentucky Administrative Regulations, specifically 902 KAR 100:019 Radiation Dose Limits Module 3, Page 2 Radiation Safety Training Questions? E-mail the RSO: sarah.grant@wku.edu

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