What Is Yoga - Durvasula

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What is Yoga ?Presented by:M.G. Prasad

The profound questions Who am I ? Why am I Born ? What is the purpose of life ? Where am I going ? . Yoga provides answers for thesequestions

Traditional definitions of yoga Yoga is the cessation of mental operation. Yoga is disconnection of connection with suffering. Yoga is balance. Yoga is said to the unification of dualities. Yoga is the union of individual self with the UniversalSelf. (note: there are many additional traditional defintions)

Various types of yoga Ashtanga yoga (eight-fold yoga) or Raja yoga Bhakti yoga Karma yoga Jnana yoga Mantra yoga (note: there are many other types of yoga)

Yoga* is the practical aspects of Vedicknowledge in all aspects of life“ The customs and habits, the dress andornaments, the manners and etiquette, theconceptions of right and wrong and of good andevil, the learning, literature and the various artslike music, the political thoughts, views regardingall actions and the consecratory ceremonies, etc.,of the Indians (Bharatiyas), are all permeated likethe warp and woof by Ashtanga Yoga.”Sriranga Sadguru1913 - 1969*Yoga means the union of theindividual soul with the Supreme

Vedic Knowledge as an Inverted TreeBramhan - GodNon - Dual Reality4 VedasVedic literatureIntegrated knowledge of Spirituality and Science

Three components of COSMOS (Tatvas) Jeeva refers to an individual soul and it is alsoreferred as chit, a conscious being. Jagat refers to the material universe composedof the five elements of nature–––––space.air,fire,waterearth. It is also referred to as achit i.e. inert. Ishwara refers to the Cosmic Soul or one Godprinciple as Bramhan or Paratatva.

25 Principles of Sankhya YogaIshwaraI. Purusa2. Prakrti3. Mahat ("Intellect")4. Aham-kara ("Egoism")5. Manas6-10 Sensory Organsearsskineyestonguenose11-15 Motor Organsspeech (vak)handling (pani)walking (pada)evacuation (payu)reproduction (upastha)16-20 Subtle elementssoundtouchcolortasteodor21-25 Gross elementsspace (akasha)air (vayu)fire (agni)water (ap)earth (prthivi)

Ashtãñga Yoga (eight limbs of yoga)(also called as Raja yoga or Royal way of yoga) Ashtanga yoga forms the practical and scientific basisof Vedic (Hindu) philosophy and spirituality. Yogaprocess described in eight steps. It is based on Aphorisms (sutras) of yoga by MaharishiPatanjali. He is also the author of treatises on Grammarand Medicine. There 196 aphorisms on yoga divided into fourchapters. There are several commentaries on this work.

Aphorisms of Yoga by Patanjali Sutra 1.1 Atha Yogaanushasanam(Now is the beginning of instructions on yoga)Sutra 1.2 Yogaschittavritti nirodaha(Yoga is cessation of mental operation)A mental operation is carried out through four-fold internalinstrument that associates to selfManas (mind) gathers information and is waveringBuddhi (intellect) discriminating and is decisiveAhamkara (Ego-sense) identifies and relates with selfChitta (impression/memory) retaining and recording(example: an elephant approaching me .

Modifications of Mind Pramana (True cognition)Through three means of validity1) Direct perception 2) Inference 3) Verbal testimonyfrom reliable person Viparyaya (False cognition) Vikalpa (merely verbal cognition) Nidra (sleep) Smriti (memory)

Mental afflictions Avidya (Wrong knowledge)(on the basis of temporal taken as eternal) Asmita (False notion)( based on mind identified as self) Raga (Passion)(attachment to pleasure) Dvesha (Aversion)(disliking of things, pain.) Abhinivesha (fear of death)(instinctive fear of death and its causes)

The 8 Steps based on Patanjali’s ama3- Asana2Niyama1- Yama

Yama Yama (self-control) deals with physical andmental disciplines and related practices. Ahimsa (nonviolence), Satya (Truth), Asteya (non-covetedness), Bramhacharya (continence), Aparigriha (non-receiving)

Niyama Niyama (discipline) also deals with physical andmental disciplines and related practices. Shoucha (cleanliness), Santosha (contentment), Tapah (austerity), Swadhyaya (Scriptural study), Ishvarapranidhana (Surrender to Supreme Being as God)

Asana and Pranayama Asana deals with the practice of postures forthe body. Pranayama deals with control and regulation ofPrana.

American Yoga Teachers

Surya Namaskara

Some Key Asanas

Asanas mimic Nature


108 Karanas

Rudra Dance(ref: iraivan Shankar Nathan, Kauai Hindu Monastery)

Pratyahara and Dharana Pratyahara deals with the practice ofwithdrawing the consciousness from themultiplicity of thoughts and directing ittowards innerself. Dharana deals with the development ofthe ability of the mind to focus andcontain the object.

Dhyana and Samadhi Dhyãna is meditation i.e. continuousconcentration on the object. This, in turn, leads one to Samãdhi which refersto a state of balance and superconsciounesslevel. The order is important and the Guru who is ayogi, is necessary for this yoga as genuineguidance is required in this scientific andpractical approach.

Ashtanga Yoga is the practicalapproach of Vedanta1. Yamai.ii.iii.iv.v.Ahimsa (nonviolence),Satya (Truth),Asteya (non-covetedness),Bramhacharya (continence),Aparigriha (non-receiving)2. NiyamaShoucha (cleanliness),ii.Santosha (contentment),iii.Tapah (austerity),iv.Swadhyaya (Scriptural study),v.Ishvarapranidhana (Surrender toSupreme God)3. AsanaFirm postures4. Pranayama Vital force regulation5. Pratyahara Withdrawal of senses from object6. DharanaFixing the mind on a sacred object7. DhyanaUnbroken flow of mind on asacred object8. SamadhiOriginal state of nayama3Asana2Niyama

Ashtanga yoga (eight-fold yoga) or Raja yoga Bhakti yoga Karma yoga Jnana yoga Mantra yoga (note: there are many other types of yoga) Yoga* is the practical aspects of Vedic . Pranayama 3 Asana 2 Niyama 1 Yama 7 Dhyana 8 Samadhi. Title: Slide 1 Author: bhattc Created Date:

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