The Alaska Community Reentry Program

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Version 4Alaska CommunityReentry ProgramGuideSupporting community efforts to reducerecidivism to corrections.Alaska Community Reentry Program CoalitionsAlaska Mental Health Trust AuthorityDepartment of CorrectionsDepartment of Health and Social Services, Division of Behavioral Health0

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualThis guide has been produced through the efforts of the following:Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Behavioral HealthDeputy Director: Gennifer Moreau-JohnsonContact:Alysa Wooden, Program Coordinator, Community Reentry Program303 K St., Anchorage, AK (907) 264-0641Department of CorrectionsDeputy Commissioner: Karen CannContact:Morgen Jaco, Reentry Project Manager550 W 7th Ave, Suite 1800, Anchorage, AK (907) 269-5627The Alaska Mental Health Trust AuthorityChief Operating Officer: Steve WilliamsContact:Travis Welch, Trust Program Officer3745 Community Park Loop, Suite 200, Anchorage, AK (907) 269-7961Special recognition is given to the first four Alaska community reentry coalitions who helped pilot many ofthe procedures defined in this guide. Thank you to the Anchorage Reentry Coalition, Fairbanks ReentryCoalition, Juneau Reentry Coalition and Mat-Su Reentry Coalition.The Alaska Community Reentry Program Guide is periodically reviewed and updated. Produced in March 2017Revisions issued in June 2017, September 2017 and September 2018. Funding to produce this guide andassociated materials is from the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority. Technical support has been providedby Agnew::Beck Consulting. Inc.1

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualContents1. Overview. 6Terminology and Key Concepts . 6Programs . 6People and Groups . 7Plans and Documents . 8Presentations and Meetings. 9Practices. 9Abbreviations and Acronyms . 102. Alaska’s Efforts to Reduce Recidivism . 11The Alaska Community Reentry Program . 11Long-Term, Statewide Goals . 13Key Partners . 133. Alaska Community Reentry Coalitions . 15Coalitions . 15What is a Coalition? . 15Why Do Coalitions Form and Why Are They Effective? . 16Coalition Identity . 16Reentry Coalition Structure . 16Roles and Responsibilities . 17Coalition Processes . 19Nominations and Elections . 19Code of Conduct . 19Coalition Meetings . 19Community Education and Advocacy . 19Coalition Marketing . 20Operational Guidelines . 20Coalition Capacity Building . 214. Assessing and Planning . 23Community Readiness Assessment . 23Overview . 23Stages of Readiness. 24Conducting the Assessment and Using the Results . 242

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualACR Resource Assessment. 26Step 1: Establish an Assessment Workgroup. 26Step 2: Identify the Goals of the Assessment in Each Key Focus Area. 27Step 3: Select Your Method of Assessment . 27Step 4: Design Your Assessment Process. 29Step 5: Conduct Your Assessment . 30Step 6: Compile Your Data . 30Step 7: Analyze Your Data . 30Step 8: Prioritize Your Data. 30Step 9: Complete Your ACR Resource Assessment . 31ACR Comprehensive Community Reentry Plan. 31Goals for Increasing Resources . 32Long-term Goals and Performance Measures . 34Evaluation. 34Evaluation Plan . 345. ACR Case Management Program . 36Evidence-based Practices . 36Risk-Need-Responsivity Principles . 36The Level of Service Inventory-Revised . 37Roles and Responsibilities in Case Management . 38Pre-Release . 39Pre and Post-Release Timeline . 39Post-Release . 39Discharge and Aftercare. 40Special Case Management Procedures . 41Confidentiality . 41Wraparound Services . 41“Opting Out” . 41Working with the Department of Labor and Workforce Development . 41AKAIMS: Alaska Automated Information Management System . 42Participant Survey . 42Case Management Graduation . 42Case Management Goals and Process Measures. 42Long-term Goals and Measures . 423

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualProcess Measures . 426. Associated Templates (available from your ACR Grant Manager) . 43ACR Comprehensive Community Reentry Plan. 43ACR Resource Assessment. 43Coalition Capacity Assessment . 43Operational Guidelines . 434

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualFiguresFigure 1 Program Adaptations. 6Figure 2 Abbreviations and Acronyms. 10Figure 3 The Alaska Community Reentry Program . 12Figure 4 Goals for the Alaska Community Reentry Program . 13Figure 5 Roles within a Coalition . 17Figure 6 Consistent Messaging and Participant Confidentiality . 20Figure 7 The Community Toolbox . 21Figure 8 Assessments and the ACR Comprehensive Community Reentry Plan . 23Figure 9 The Nine Stages of Readiness . 24Figure 10 Sample Community Readiness Assessment. 25Figure 11 Planning for a Community Resource Assessment. 26Figure 12 Methods of Assessments . 27Figure 13 Components of the ACR Comprehensive Community Reentry Plan . 32Figure 14 Components of an Operationalized Strategic Goal . 33Figure 15 Sample Evaluation Plan . 35Figure 16 Principles of Effective Correctional Intervention9 . 36Figure 17 Central Criminogenic Needs . 37Figure 18 ACR Case Management Program Pre and Post-Release Timeline . 395

The Alaska Community Reentry Program Manual1. OverviewMultiple organizations, coalitions, and individuals in Alaska manage programs that provide support toAlaskans reentering the community after serving time in a prison or jail. The Alaska Community Reentry(ACR) Program provides funding and support to several reentry coalitions across Alaska. This guide is atoolkit for conducting the work of the ACR Program, a statewide effort to reduce recidivism to correctionsthrough partnerships, supports and services that address the complex needs of people reentering theircommunities after serving time in a correctional facility. Chapter 1 provides short definitionsof the key terminology and conceptsrelated to the ACR Program. Theseitems are further detailed in the mainbody of the guide.Figure 1 Program AdaptationsProgram AdaptationsCoalitions funded by the Alaska CommunityReentry (ACR) Program differ from oneanother in many ways, reflecting the uniqueneeds and characteristics of their communitiesand coalitions. Various adaptations of theprocesses described in this manual have beenused to address differences. Because the ACRProgram promotes an integrated approachinvolving both local and state partnerships, it isrecommended that the ACR coalitions discussany adaptions with their DBH or Trust grantmanager. Chapter 2 gives a brief review ofAlaska’s recidivism reduction effortswith a focus on the ACR Program. Chapter 3 offers an overview of theACR coalitions and thepeople/processes that shape theiroperations. Chapter 4 describes the CommunityReadiness Assessment, the ACR ResourceAssessment and the ACR ComprehensiveCommunity Reentry Plan. Chapter 5 focuses on the evidence-based practices in corrections and the ACR Case ManagementProgram processes used to support participating reentrants in their return to the community.Terminology and Key ConceptsProgramsAlaska Community Reentry (ACR) ProgramThe ACR Program is a statewide effort to reduce recidivism to corrections through partnerships, supportsand services that address the complex needs of inmates reentering their communities.Alaska Community Reentry (ACR) Case Management ProgramThrough funding from Alaska Division of Behavioral Health (DBH), the ACR Case Management Program isa pilot program of the State of Alaska using an integrated system of assessment, support and transitionplanning to reduce recidivism of reentrants and improve public safety and community well-being.6

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualPeople and GroupsAlaska Community Reentry (ACR) CoalitionsACR coalitions are those reentry coalitions who are working with the ACR Program.Alaska Community Reentry (ACR) Coalition CoordinatorReentry coalition coordinators help facilitate and coordinate the activities of the coalition. Funding for theACR Coalition Coordinator comes from DBH or the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority (AMHTA).Alaska Community Reentry (ACR) Case ManagerThe ACR Case Manager supports the reentry efforts of participants in the ACR Case Management Program.Community Grantee or Fiscal AgentThe community grantee supports the coalition by managing fiscal obligations such as budgeting, resourceallocation and grant reporting.InmateAn inmate is an individual who is currently incarcerated at a Department of Corrections (DOC) facility.Reentrant or Returning CitizenA reentrant or returning citizen is an individual who has been released from a DOC facility and istransitioning back to living in a community.ACR Case Management ParticipantAn ACR Case Management participant is a reentrant who is receiving case management services from anACR Case Manager as part of the ACR Program.Probation OfficerThe Probation Officer (PO) is a DOC employee who works outside the correctional facility supervisingreentrants who have court-mandated conditions of supervision.Institutional Probation OfficerThe Institutional Probation Officer (IPO) is a DOC employee who works within the correctional facilities tooversee and coordinate the needs of inmates.Single Points of ContactWithin each DOC facility, the “single point of contact” is the employee responsible for communicatinginformation about potential reentrants to the ACR Case Manager.Grant ManagersAlaska funding for the ACR Program and the ACR Case Management Program comes from both DBH andthe Trust. Each program has identified grant managers to oversee this funding. Names of the grant managersare identified on page 2 of this guide.7

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualPlans and DocumentsCommunity Readiness AssessmentThe Community Readiness Assessment measures the degree to which a community is ready to implement thepriorities of the ACR Program.Coalition Capacity AssessmentThe Coalition Capacity Assessment identifies the coalition’s strengths and areas of growth around a set ofdomains critical to the development of collaborative partnerships.The ACR Resource AssessmentThe ACR Resource Assessment is an assessment of assets, barriers and gaps in the available resources in acommunity for reentrants. This assessment uses data gathered through a variety of tools, including existingdata, focus groups, interviews, surveys, asset mapping and DOC regional data. Information from thisassessment is documented in the ACR Resource Assessment template (attached).ACR Comprehensive Community Reentry PlanThe ACR Comprehensive Community Reentry Plan is the strategic plan for the coalition and identifies goals relatedto resource development, community readiness and coalition capacity development.Operational GuidelinesOperational Guidelines outline the operations and procedures of the coalition. As an easy-to-access resource, theguidelines provide the framework for conducting the coalition’s business.Offender Management PlanThe Offender Management Plan (OMP) is developed at 90 days after remand and is based on a currentcriminogenic and needs assessment. It is used as the case plan during incarceration and, upon updating it at90 days before release, the plan is used to support development of the transition plan for those engaging inthe ACR Case Management Program.ACR Transition and Aftercare PlansThe ACR Transition Plans are the “road maps” for ACR Case Management participants. Jointly developed bythe participant, the PO, the ACR Case Manager and the providers of involved services, these plans outline acourse of supports and services to support the participant’s successful reentry. ACR Aftercare Plans aredeveloped just before participants graduate from the ACR Case Management Program. These plans outlinethe tools and actions needed for continued success.Behavioral ContractBehavioral contracts are developed at the start of the ACR Case Management and outline the expectations ofthe program. A specialized contract can be used when an ACR Case Management participant is not compliantwith the transition plan.Participant SurveyThe Participant Survey is given to ACR Case Management participants periodically to provide feedback on theACR Case Management Program.8

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualPresentations and MeetingsInstitutional PresentationThe ACR Coalition Coordinator conducts informational presentations in the correctional facilities aboutcommunity resources available to inmates upon release. At times, these presentations may be conducted by acommunity service provider talking about service availability after release.In-reach Case Management MeetingThe In-Reach Case Management Meeting is held with an inmate, the ACR Case Manager, and (whenavailable) the PO 30-45 days before release to discuss support service needs and expectations upon release.Other community providers may attend when asked by the ACR Case Manager.Community OutreachCommunity outreach presentations or contacts are made by the local ACR Coalition Coordinator andcommunity partners to educate organizations about programs and resources that support reentrants and toshare the goals of the ACR Program.PracticesEvidence-based PracticesEvidence-based practices are strategies or interventions that consistently demonstrate positive, effectiveresults when tested. Using evidence-based practices increases the probability that a new program or projectwill be successful.Level of Services Inventory – RevisedThe Level of Services Inventory – Revised (LSI-R) is a validated assessment used by DOC to identifyinmates’ risk and needs in relation to recidivism.Risk-Need-Responsivity PrinciplesThe Risk-Need-Responsivity Principles provide the framework for effective correctional interventions byprioritizing supervision and treatment resources for reentrants with a higher criminogenic risk and targetinginterventions that are responsive to temperament, learning style, motivation, gender, or culture.RiskUnless otherwise specified, the term “risk” as used in this guide, refers to the reentrant’s risk of reoffendingand the need to match services to the level of risk. Those identified as high-risk would receive more intensiveinterventions than those identified as low-risk, who would receive more stabilization services related tohousing and transportation. The target population for case management services through the ACR Programare those identified as having a high to medium risk for reoffending. It is also used to describe those factorsassociated with criminogenic needs.NeedsCriminogenic needs are changeable factors that reflect the likelihood of committing a crime. The central eightcriminogenic needs reflect a history of the following: anti-social behavior, antisocial personality pattern,antisocial cognitions, anti-social associates, poor quality family/marital relationships, low levels ofschool/work achievement, minimal involvement with non-criminal leisure activities, and substance use issues.9

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualResponsivityThis principle maximizes the inmate’s ability to learn through cognitive-behavioral and social learninginterventions that are aligned with the reentrant’s motivations, personality, ability, cultural identification andlearning style.RecidivismRecidivism is the tendency to relapse into specific behavior. In the context of this guide, recidivism is therelapse into criminal behavior. In Alaska, the DOC defines recidivism as the return to prison for anyconviction, including misdemeanors and parole violations, within three years of release. 1Abbreviations and AcronymsFigure 2 Abbreviations and AcronymsABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS1ACOMSAlaskan Corrections Offender Management SystemACRAlaska Community ReentryAKAIMSAlaska Automated Information Management SystemThe TrustAlaska Mental Health Trust AuthorityDBHDivision of Behavioral HealthDHSSDepartment of Health and Social ServicesDOCDepartment of CorrectionsDOLWDDepartment of Labor and Workforce DevelopmentPOProbation OfficerIPOInstitutional Probation OfficerLSI-RLevel of Service Inventory-RevisedOMPOffender Management PlanAlaska Department of Corrections, Commissioner’s Office.10

The Alaska Community Reentry Program Manual2. Alaska’s Efforts to Reduce RecidivismAlaska’s Recidivism Reduction Plan was developed in 2015 when the adult population in the state’s prisonswas increasing at an annual rate of 3 percent per year and released inmates in Alaska had a 66 percentrecidivism rate. 2 This high rate of recidivism was extremely costly to the State; faced with serious budgetaryconcerns, bipartisan passage of Senate Bills 64 (SB 64) in the 28th Alaska State Legislature and 91 (SB 91) inthe 29th Legislature began to shape a statewide reform of Alaska’s justice systems and mandated improvedoversight and management of the adult correctional system. These bills introduced system, community andtechnological innovations intended to reduce recidivism and costs while maintaining public safety.The mission of Alaska’s 2015 Recidivism Reduction Plan is to “improve public safety by reducing crimethrough implementation of a seamless plan of services and supervision developed with each returning citizensentenced to 30 days or more, delivered through state and local collaboration, from the time they enter prisonthrough their successful transition, reintegration, and aftercare in the community.” 3 The fundamental goals ofthis reform are to: Promote public safety by reducing the threat of harm to persons, families and their property bycitizens returning to their communities from prison; Increase success rates of reentrants by fostering effective, evidence-based criminogenic risk and needmanagement and treatment, improving accountability of returning citizens and ensuring safety forthe family, community and victims; and Advance positive public health outcomes for returning citizens, such as access to health care services,substance use and mental health treatment, public benefit programs and reduced homelessness.In addition to mandating practices like incentives for good behavior and reduced sentences for non-violentinmates, these bills provided a path for the development of the Alaska Community Reentry (ACR) Program, acollaborative partnership of state and community organizations and individuals working together toimplement a robust reentry program. This partnership joins the network of other reentry services offeredwithin Alaska in support of these bills.The Alaska Community Reentry ProgramThe ACR Program envisions that inmates sentenced to thirty days or more will have the services andsupports needed to successfully reenter their communities. These services and supports include, but are notlimited to, access to healthcare (physical health, mental health and substance use treatment), employment,transportation, education and training, and housing. Inmates are introduced to community services andproviders during incarceration to gain familiarity and establish relations with the supports they need forsuccessful reentry. Communities with reentry programs work with local coalitions to support their capacity tomeet the service needs of reentrants. These coalitions are supported, in part, through funding from the Stateof Alaska. This funding is channeled through community grantees working directly with the coalitions.2 Gutierrez,Carmen et al, 2015 Recidivism Reduction Plan: Cost Effective Solutions to Slow Prison Population Growth and ReduceRecidivism, page i. 5).pdf3 Ibid, page 3511

The Alaska Community Reentry Program ManualThe ACR Program is built around local reentry coalitions established in communities, most of which have aDOC facility. The coalitions consist of community members with an interest in reducing recidivism,improving lives for those released from a correctional facility, and increasing public safety. A keyresponsibility for these coalitions is to assess community needs and work with the community to addressservice gaps.Figure 3 The Alaska Community Reentry ProgramWork done by community reentry coalitions to increase public awareness of reentry needs and to increaseresources will impact all reentrants. Some reentrants, however, benefit from the coordinated support of ateam of people and agencies to help guide and encourage them. The coalitions partner with ACR CaseManagers to engage and support returning citizen in accessing the services and treatment needed uponreentry. Eligible applicants for the ACR Case Management Program are individuals who have served over 30days, are within 90 days of release, and

The Alaska Community Reentry Program Manual . 7 . People and Groups . Alaska Community Reentry (ACR) Coalitions . ACR coalitions are those reentry coalitions who are working with the ACR Program. Alaska Community Reentry (ACR) Coalition Coordinator . Reentry coalition coordinators help facilitate and coordinate the activities of the coalition.

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