2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests

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The Georgia Agricultural Experiment StationsDepartment of Crop and Soil SciencesAnnual Publication 100-10July 2018College of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Georgia Griffin CampusGeorgia2017-2018 Small GrainPerformance TestsDaniel J. Mailhot, Dustin Dunn,Henry Jordan, Jr., and J. LaDon DayEditorsWheatTriticaleOatBarleyRyeRyegrass

Conversion TableU.S.Abbr.UnitApproximate Metric EquivalentLength1.609 kilometers0.9144 meters30.48 centimeters2.54 centimetersmiydft or 'in or "mileyardfootinchsq mi or mi2acresq ft or ft2square mileacresquare footArea2.59 square kilometers0.405 hectares or 4047 square meters0.093 square metersgalqtptfl ozbucu ft or ft3gallonquartpintfluid ouncebushelcubic footVolume/Capacity3.785 liters0.946 liters0.473 liters29.573 milliliters or 28.416 cubic centimeters35.238 liters0.028 cubic Volume/Capacity61.02 cubic inches or 1.057 quartsliter0.06 cubic inch or 0.034 fluid ouncemilliliter0.061 cubic inch or 0.035 fluid ouncecubic centimeterMTkggmetric tonkilogramgrammgmilligramSam PardueDean and DirectorMass/Weight0.907 metric ton0.453 kilogram28.349 gramsApproximate U.S. EquivalentLength0.62 mile39.37 inches or 1.09 yards0.39 inch0.04 inchArea2.47 acresMass/Weight1.1 tons2.205 pounds0.035 ounce3.5 x 10-5 ounceAllen J. MooreAssociate Dean for ResearchRobert N. StougaardAssistant Dean of ResearchJoe W. WestAssistant DeanSouthern RegionLew K. HunnicuttAssistant Provost andGriffin Campus DirectorISSN 0072-128X

PREFACEThis research report presents results of the 2017-2018 performance tests of smallgrains grown for grain and forage. Grain evaluation studies were conducted at fivelocations in Georgia, including Tifton, Plains, and Midville in the Coastal Plain region;Athens in the Piedmont region; and Calhoun in the Limestone Valley region. Small grainforage evaluation tests were conducted at four locations in Georgia/Florida, includingTifton and Plains in the Coastal Plain region, Athens in the Piedmont region, Calhoun inthe Limestone Valley region, and in Marianna, Florida. Prior to 2017, Piedmont regiontrials were located in Griffin. For identification of the test locations, consult the mapinside the back cover of this report.Grain yields are reported as bushels per acre at 13.5% moisture for wheat, 13%moisture for triticale and rye, 12.5% moisture for oats, and 12% moisture for barley.Additional agronomic data, such as plant height, lodging, and disease incidence, arelisted along with the corresponding yield data. Footnotes include information concerningfertilization and cultural practices used in the tests. Since the average yield from severalyears indicates a variety's potential better than a single year's data, multiple year yieldsummaries are included.In order to have a broad base of information, a number of varieties, includingexperimental lines, are included in the tests, but this does not imply that all arerecommended for Georgia. Varieties best suited to a specific area or for a particularpurpose and agreed upon by College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciencesscientists are presented on pages 4 and 5 and also in the 2018 Fall Planting Schedulefor Georgia (available at your county Extension office). For additional information,contact your local county Extension office, the nearest UGA campus, or the nearestUGA Research and Education Center.The least significant difference (LSD) at the 10% level has been included in thetables to aid in comparing varieties and tests. If the yields' difference of any twovarieties exceeds the LSD value, they can be considered different in yield ability.Bolding is used in the performance tables to indicate entries with yields statisticallyequal to the highest yielding entry in the test. The standard error (Std. Err.) of an entrymean is included at the bottom of each table to provide a general indicator of the levelof precision of each variety experiment. The lower the value for the standard error of theentry mean, the more precise the experiment.This report is one of four publications presenting the performance of agronomiccrops in Georgia. For information concerning other crops, refer to one of the followingresearch reports: 2017 Corn Performance Tests (Annual Publication 101-9); 2017Soybean, Sorghum Grain and Silage, and Summer Annual Forages Performance Tests(Annual Publication 103-9); and 2017 Peanut, Cotton, and Tobacco Performance Tests(Annual Publication 104-9).This report, along with performance test information on other crops, is also availableonline at www.swvt.uga.edu. Additional information may be obtained by writing to Dr.Daniel J. Mailhot, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Griffin campus, 1109Experiment Street, Griffin, GA 30223-1797.

CooperatorsDr. M. A. Babar, Agronomy Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FloridaMr. A. Black, Southeast Research & Education Center, Midville, GeorgiaDr. A. R. Blount, North Florida Research & Education Center, Marianna, FloridaDr. J. W. Buck, Plant Pathology Department, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaDr. G. D. Buntin, Entomology Department, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaMr. J. Gassett, Iron Horse Plant Sciences Farm, Watkinsville, GeorgiaMr. G. Granade, Field Research Services, UGA-Griffin, GeorgiaDr. I. Flitcroft, Crop & Soil Sciences Department, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaDr. J. W. Johnson, Crop & Soil Sciences Department, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaMr. S. R. Jones, Southwest Research & Education Center, Plains, GeorgiaDr. R. D. Lee, Crop & Soil Sciences Department, UGA-Tifton, Tifton, GeorgiaDr. A. Martinez, Plant Pathology Diagnostics Lab, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaDr. M. Mergoum, Crop & Soil Sciences Department, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaMr. P. C. Worley, Northwest Research & Education Center, Calhoun, GeorgiaMr. J. Youmans, Plant Pathology Department, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, GeorgiaContributorsIndividuals who contributed to the gathering of data and the preparation of this report:M. Flynn, D. Gordon, B. Lopez, S. Sutton, A. Varner, G. Ware, and B. Weldy - GriffinR. Brooke, K. Cawley, M. Cofield, W. Mosteller - TiftonJ. Cartey, C. Fox, J. Griffin, and K. Roach - AthensJ. Stubbs, M. Tucker, and T. Turnquist - CalhounJ. Lanier, R. Milton, and T. Woodward - MidvilleW. Jones, and D. Pearce - PlainsJ. Jones - Marianna

CONTENTSThe Season . 12017-2018 Rainfall . 1Small Grain Recommendations for 2018 . 3Characteristics of Varieties, 2018 . 5Small Grain UpdatesDiseases . 6Insect Pests . 7Grain Test ResultsWheatState Variety TrialsTifton, Georgia: Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 10Tifton, Georgia: Late-Planted Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 13Plains, Georgia: Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 14Plains, Georgia: Wheat Grain Performance with Foliar Fungicide, 2017-2018 . 16Plains, Georgia: Late-Planted Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 19Plains, Georgia: Late-Planted Wheat Grain Performance with Foliar Fungicide, 2017-2018 . 20Midville, Georgia: Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 21Midville, Georgia: Late-Planted Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 24Athens, Georgia: Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018. 25Calhoun, Georgia: Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 27Statewide Summary: Wheat Grain Yields, Georgia, 2017-2018 . 29Statewide Summary: Late-Planted Wheat Grain Yields, Georgia, 2017-2018 . 32Uniform Southern TestsPlains, Georgia: Uniform Southern Soft Red Winter Wheat Nursery, 2017-2018 . 33Triticale and RyeTifton, Georgia: Triticale and Rye Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 35Athens, Georgia: Triticale and Rye Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 37Statewide Summary: Triticale and Rye Grain Yields, Georgia, 2017-2018. 38OatTifton, Georgia: Oat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 39Plains, Georgia: Oat Grain Performance, 2017-2018. 40Midville, Georgia: Oat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 41Athens, Georgia: Oat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 42Calhoun, Georgia: Oat Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 43Statewide Summary: of Oat Grain Yields, Georgia, 2017-2018 . 44BarleyPlains, Georgia: Barley Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 45Athens, Georgia; Barley Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 46Calhoun, Georgia: Barley Grain Performance, 2017-2018. 47Statewide Summary: Barley Grain Yields, Georgia, 2017-2018 . 48CanolaAthens, Georgia: Winter Canola Grain Performance, 2017-2018 . 49

Forage Test ResultsWheat ForageTifton, Georgia: Wheat Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 51Plains, Georgia: Wheat Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 52Athens, Georgia: Wheat Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 53Marianna, Florida: Wheat Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 54All-Locations Summary: Wheat Forage Yields, 2017-2018 . 55Triticale and Rye ForageTifton, Georgia: Triticale and Rye Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 56Plains, Georgia: Triticale and Rye Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 57Athens, Georgia: Triticale and Rye Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 58Marianna, Florida: Triticale and Rye Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 59All-Locations Summary: Triticale and Rye Forage Yields, 2017-2018 . 60Triticale SilageTifton, Georgia: Triticale Silage Performance, 2017-2018 . 61Athens, Georgia: Triticale Silage Performance, 2017-2018 . 62Statewide Summary: Triticale Silage Yields, 2017-2018 . 63Oat ForageTifton, Georgia: Oat Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 64Plains, Georgia: Oat Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 65Athens, Georgia: Oat Forage Performance, 2017-2018. 66Marianna, Florida: Oat Forage Performance, 2017-2018. 67All-Locations Summary: Oat Forage Yields, 2017-2018 . 68Ryegrass ForageTifton, Georgia: Ryegrass Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 69Plains, Georgia: Ryegrass Forage Performance, 2017-2018. 71Athens, Georgia: Ryegrass Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 73Calhoun, Georgia: Ryegrass Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 75Marianna, Florida: Ryegrass Forage Performance, 2017-2018 . 77All-Locations Summary: Ryegrass Forage Yields, 2017-2018 . 79Sources of Seed for the 2017-2018 Small Grains Performance Tests . 81

2017-2018 SMALL GRAIN PERFORMANCE TESTSEdited by Daniel J. Mailhot, Dustin G. Dunn,Henry Jordan Jr., and J. LaDon DayThe SeasonThe fall of 2017 provided adequate moisture for planting, and was a substantialimprovement over the previous fall. Moisture remained adequate through the remainderof the season, but excessive rain in late May and June caused harvest delays for some.2017-2018 --------------------------------------- inches . (8 months)33.030.532.029.926.331.7Normal (8 months)37.231.827.931.628.932. for Georgia sites collected by Dr. Ian Flitcroft, UGA-Griffin, Griffin, Ga.Floyd County location.Iron Horse Plant Sciences Farm, Watkinsville, Ga. Listed as “Penfield” on www.weather.uga.edu.University of Florida North Florida Research and Education Center location.Winter temperatures were cooler than in the two previous years, allowing adequatevernalization for most wheat varieties. Spring freezes were relatively mild and avoidedthe severe damage that occurred in 2017.Daniel J. Mailhot, PhD, is the program director of statewide variety testing, Henry Jordan, Jr. is a researchprofessional III, and J. LaDon Day is a research scientist in the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Griffincampus, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797. Dustin G. Dunn is a research professional III in the Department of Crop andSoil Sciences, Tifton Campus, Tifton, Georgia 31793-5766.

Hours under 45 7551. Floyd County location.2. Watkinsville, Ga.3. November 15, 2017 to April 1, 2018.During 2018, oat planted and harvested acreages increased somewhat from 2017.Rye planted acreage decreased by 10%, however it is primarily used as a forage andcover crop. Wheat planted acreage increased by 31%, but estimates suggest harvestedacreage did not increase proportionally.Small Grains Acres (thousands) by Harvest 151451801101609021090OatPlanted21. Data obtained from the National Agricultural Statistics Service.2. Includes plantings for forage, silage, and cover crop uses.3. Harvested for grain.2Annual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests

Recommended Varieties for 2018Recommended Grain Varieties for 2018BarleyAtlantic (P)OatGraham (S)2WheatAGS 2024 (S)*AGS 2027 (S)*AGS 2033 (S)*AGS 2035 (S)AGS 2038 (C)AGS 2055 (P)AGS 3000 (C)AGS 3030 (S)AGS 3040 (S)TriticaleNF201 (S)Secretariat (S)Thoroughbred (S)Horizon 270 (S)2*Horizon 306 (S)2Horizon 720 (C)2*Dyna-Gro 9171 (P)3*Dyna-Gro 9522 (P)Dyna-Gro Savoy (S)Go Wheat 2032 (C)2Hilliard (P)3*PGX 16-1 (P)PGX 16-4 (P)Pioneer 26R10 (P)Pioneer 26R41 (P)2Pioneer 26R59 (P)3Pioneer 26R94 (C)SH 5550 (S)SS 8415 (P)SY Viper (P)#Turbo (C)USG 3536 (P)Trical 342 (S)1. P Piedmont; C Coastal Plain; S Statewide.2. Consider using a labeled fungicide; highly susceptible to powdery mildew, leaf rust, stripe rust, orcrown rust.3. Susceptible to some Hessian fly; consider using an insecticide.* To be dropped from list in 2019.Recommended Oat, Wheat, Rye, and Triticale Forage Varieties for 2018OatHorizon 306 (S)*Horizon 720 (S)4WheatAGS 2024 (S)*AGS 2033 (C)*AGS 2038 (S)RyeBates RS4 (S)*Elbon (C)*Florida 401 (C)2TriticaleFL 01143 (C)2,3*Legend 567 (C)4NF402 (S)3Dyna-Gro Savoy (S)GrazeAll (S)Pioneer 26R10 (S)Kelly Grazer III (S)*Maton (C)*Maton II (S)NF 201 (S)3RAM LA99016 (S)TAMO 606 (C)Pioneer 26R41 (S)Pioneer 26R94 (C)*Oklon (S)Wrens Abruzzi (S)Trical 342 (S)1. P Piedmont; C Coastal Plain; S Statewide.2. Suitable for early planting.3. Seed may be limited in 2018-2019.4. Resistant to crown rust* To be dropped from list in 2019.Annual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests3

Recommended Ryegrass Forage Varieties for 2018VarietyRecommended Locations and Preferred Growth TimingCoastal ngEarly LateLongEarly yesyesBig yesyes.yesDiamond Tyes.yes.Earlyploidyes.yesyes.yesyes.yesFlying onPasserel esyesyesyesTetrastaryesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesWax nterhawk1. Seed may be limited in 2018-2019.* To be dropped from list in 2019.** Should not be planted within 100 miles of the Gulf of Mexico or 50 miles from the AtlanticCoast because of the risk of severe yield declines due to leaf rusts or other fungal infections.4Annual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests

CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIETIES, 2018WheatBrand-VarietyAGS 2024AGS 2027AGS 2033AGS 2035AGS 2038AGS 2055AGS 3000AGS 3030AGS 3040Dyna-Gro 9171Dyna-Gro 9522Dyna-Gro SavoyGoWheat 2032GoWheat LA754GrazeAllHilliardPGX 16-1PGX 16-4Pioneer 26R10Pioneer 26R41Pioneer 26R59Pioneer 26R94SH 5550ResistanceLeaf Stripe Glume PowderyHead TestRust Rust Blotch Mildew BYD1 SBWM2 Scab odfairfairgoodgoodmediummediummediummediummed. latemed. lateearlymediummediumlatemed. temediummediummediumlatemed. esnoyesyesyesnonoyesyesnoyesnonononoyesfair very earlygood very odgoodgoodgoodgoodgoodgoodgoodSS 8415SY Viper#TurboUSG 3536TriticaleFL 01143FL 08128NF 201MonarchgoodSS Triticale 1414 goodTrical 342good1. Barley yellow dwarf virus.2. Soilborne wheat mosaic airStrawStrength AwnedOatResistanceCrownRustBYD1Brand-VarietyGerard 224Gerard 229GrahamHorizon 270Horizon 306Horizon 720Legend 567SS 76-501. Barley yellow dwarf tegoodfairgoodgoodawnedawnedawnedawnedAnnual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests5

SMALL GRAIN UPDATESDISEASESJames W. Buck, Alfredo Martinez-Espinoza, and John D. YoumansDepartment of Plant PathologyUniversity of Georgia – GriffinGeorgia wheat acreage for grain production was again low this year. Fall, 2017 wasexceptionally wet and many production fields were planted late. However, no problemswith seedling emergence were observed. Plantings in the state received adequaterainfall into December. In December the southern half of the state began receivingmuch less rainfall than the northern half of the state. This trend continued through thewinter and spring. Low temperatures late in the winter caused some cold damage towheat. Late rains in May greatly hampered harvest and affected grain quality as well.Powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis) was observed throughout the state and foundat high levels at Calhoun and Tifton CAES research and education centers. Mildew wasalso observed at Plains and Midville.Fusarium head blight (FHB/Scab) (Fusarium graminearum) incidences were lowacross the state. Only one sample with confirmed FHB originated in Grady county inextreme south GA where the infection was minimal. The dry winter and springprevented infections from starting. This does not mean that we no longer have a scabproblem in Georgia. Given the amount of corn that is being grown across the state, wewill have a reservoir of inoculum for the foreseeable future. Cool wet winters andsprings will again lead to outbreaks of FHB. Please refer to UGA Extension Publication(c 1066), “Identification and Control of Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Wheat inGeorgia” for additional information on dealing with FHB.Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) was observed at all research locations in the state.Disease levels were low. Mild winter and spring temperatures as well as intermittenthumidity did not provide conducive conditions for leaf rust epidemics. Higher infectionrates were observed later in the season on susceptible varieties. Stripe rust (Pucciniastriiformis) was observed at Plains where plots were artificially inoculated and also inTifton and Midville at low levels. For additional information on leaf rust html?number C1060. Oat crown rust(Puccinia coronata) incidences were numerous and severity was high in commercialfields. Crown rust was observed at Plains and Tifton in the oat variety trial. Therecurrently is not much resistance to this disease in available production varieties.Stagonospora spot blotch and tan spot were observed throughout the state at lowlevels in wheat. Tan spot was also reported on rye in the state. Barley yellow dwarf virus(BYDV) was observed at low levels across the state.6Annual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests

Insect PestsHessian Fly Infestation in Wheat Entries in theGeorgia Small Grain Performance Tests atPlains and Griffin, Georgia, 2017-2018VarietyPlains1% Infested HF per stemGriffin1% Infested HF per stemTentativerating2Triticale390FL 00143FL 08128GO-100 Triticale3KTA 15S.MR.SNF201OlafTriCal 14T00208TriCal 342TriCal Merlin 50.100.00RSMRSMRTriCal Surge00.0000.00RWheat15MDX515MDX1815MDX20AgriMAXX 415AgriMAXX 0.500.800.00SSSSMRAgriMAXX 474AgriMAXX 480AGS 2024AGS 2035AGS 2055AGS 3000AGS 3030AGS 0500. 9701Dyna-Gro 9750Dyna-Gro 9811Dyna-Gro 9862Dyna-Gro 50.150.00RSMSMRRDyna-Gro TV8861FLLA10033C-6FLLA10191C-13FLLA10204C-4GA .050.300.100.300.20RSMRMRMSAnnual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests7

Hessian Fly Infestation in Wheat Entries in theGeorgia Small Grain Performance Tests atPlains and Griffin, Georgia, 2017-2018(Continued)Variety8Plains% Infested HF per stemGriffin% Infested HF per stemTentativerating1GA 071518-16E39GA 08070-16E21GA 081113-15EL8GA 081298-16LE1GA . 08535-15LE29GA 091291-16LE28GA 09129-16E55GA 09241-16E24GA 50.200.850.000.25MRSSMRRGA EGerard 557GoWheat 2032GoWheat .400. 08080C-31-1LA 09225C-33-3LA 10070GHB-88LA 12275LDH-128LA Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests

Hessian Fly Infestation in Wheat Entries in theGeorgia Small Grain Performance Tests atPlains and Griffin, Georgia, 2017-2018(Continued)VarietyPlains% Infested HF per stemGriffin% Infested HF per stemTentativerating1NC14-23372NF1013PGX 16-1PGX 50.350.10R.SSMRPioneer 26R10Pioneer 26R41Pioneer 26R45Pioneer 26R59Pioneer 000.200.15RMRRSSProgeny #BOSSProgeny #BULLETProgeny #TURBOSCLA 99049D-E1-J1SH 0.450.300.15MSMRSSSSX 6163SY MiskinSY ViperUSG 3118USG .650.000.35MRSSRSUSG 3536USG 3895VA12W-68204050.301.050.0552500.050.350.00SSR1. 2018 results at Plains and Griffin were from one sample of 20 stems.2. Rating: R resistant, MR moderately resistant, MS moderately susceptible, andS susceptible.3. This variety had no plants, therefore not rated.Test conducted by G. David Buntin, Department of Entomology, Griffin Campus, Griffin, GA.Annual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests9

Grain Tests ResultsWheatTifton, Georgia:Wheat Grain Performance, --- bu/acre -----------TestWeightlb/buHeightinFLLA10033C-6AGS 2024GA 09241-16E24GA 10559-17E14GA 00GA 09377-16LE18GA 08070-16E21PGX 16-7GA 00.25030.10300000Dyna-Gro 9811GA 081446-15EL47GA 091034-17LE44GA 11656-17E12Dyna-Gro SG 3118GA 081298-16LE1Pioneer 26R94Pioneer 26R59SX 10GA 101004-17LE17VA12W-68PGX 16-4GA 081113-15EL8GA 800000GA 09129-16E55AGS 3000FLLA10204C-4GA 100000.6NC14-2337215MDX20PGX 16-1SY ViperAGS 3104/0103/ 2035LA 12275LDH-128Dyna-Gro TV8861AGS 3030LA afHeadLodging DateAwned Mildew2 Rust3%mo/day 0-1 scale%0-9Annual Publication 100-10 Georgia 2017-2018 Small Grain Performance Tests

Tifton, Georgia:Wheat Grain Performance, 2017-2018(Continued)Brand-

Conversion Table U.S. Abbr. Unit Approximate Metric Equivalent Length mi mile 1.609 kilometers yd yard 0.9144 meters ft or ' foot 30.48 centimeters in or" inch 2.54 centimeters Area sq mi or mi2 square mile 2.59 square kilometers acre acre 0.405 hectares or 4047 square meters sq ft or ft2 square foot 0.093 square meters Volume/Capacity

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