Geotechnical Design & Construction

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Geotechnical Design & ConstructionMir Zaheer P.E.INDOT Geotechnical Services Division

Geotechnical ReportA tool used to communicate the site conditions and design and constructionrecommendations to the roadway design, bridge design, and constructionpersonnel. Comprehensive Geotechnical Reports (GRs): Results of all office studies, site investigations, laboratory test results, analyses ofconditions relevant to multiple design elements (e.g., structures, roadway, drainage, etc.)and recommendations for design and construction. Geotechnical Reports/Technical Memos: Focused on one phase of the design, (e.g., preliminary, intermediate, final). Geotechnical Reports/Technical Memos: Focused on one design element, such as a bridge or retaining wall, a drainage culvert or astormwater retention pond.

Geotechnical Report Geotechnical Data Reports (GDRs): Contains factual information and data from an office and field investigation and laboratorytesting program for design elements of a project. These are typically developed by, or for,the owner and are used for Design-Build (DB) contracts. They are provided to proposalteams as a basis for developing designs and costs for the pursuit phase of the project.Owner agencies typically indicate any supplemental investigations required are theresponsibility of the contractor. Geotechnical Reports/Technical Memos: Can be developed as technical memos or even emails, for covering a single designelement or the modification of an element covered in a previous GR. Geotechnical Reports Using existing previous data: Analyses and recommendations for relatively minor or localized modifications to apreviously submitted GR could also be incorporated as an Addendum to that GR. Thiscould allow the modification to be included in the final document and not requireduplication of background information contained in the initial GR.

Purposes of Geotechnical Reports: Provide information used during project programming to establish the scope of work forprojects with significant geotechnical features Provide project management personnel and owners an adequate pre-constructionunderstanding of impacts that geotechnical considerations will/may have on cost andschedule, as well as other project considerations such as environmental, traffic andconstructability Provide design disciplines with the geotechnical information they need to develop theirdesigns, as well as construction plans and specifications Provide contractors with the information they need to develop a complete andcompetitive bid with an acceptable level of risk that is also cost effective for the owner Provide information that will allow project construction staff to recognize and understandsite subsurface conditions at the time of design development prior to construction Provide owners with information that the contractor has met minimum accepted levels ofinvestigations and design requirements, as well as provide information for future designelements, improvements, new construction, and maintenance

Basic Information Needed in a Geotechnical ReportAll Geotechnical Reports shall contain certain basic information including: Summary of all subsurface exploration data, including a subsurface soil and/orrock profile, exploration logs, laboratory or in-situ test results and groundwaterinformation; Interpretation and analysis of subsurface data; Specific engineering recommendations for design; Summary of limit states as well as loading conditions; Performance requirements (post-construction deformations and phaseconstruction or sequencing); Discussion of conditions for solution of anticipated problems; and Recommended geotechnical special provisions.

Suggested Format of a Geotechnical Report Title PageTable of ContentsExecutive SummaryIntroductionProcedures and ResultsField InvestigationsLaboratory TestingSummary of AnalysesDiscussion of subsurface conditions anddesign considerations, including geology,seismicity and geologic hazards. Recommendations (for design andconstruction of project elements) Construction Recommendations (includingconstruction observations, testing andinstrumentation) Figures (e.g., Location Map, Drawings, etc.) Appendices A - Boring and Test Pit logs, etc. B - In-situ Test Results C - Laboratory Test Results Other Appendices as necessary: photos,instrumentation data, analyses, etc

INDOT’S EXPECTATIONS Be responsible stewards of these investments Ensure high quality and cost effective services Obtain the greatest value for the money we spend Horizontal and vertical communication Better the specifications GREATER are the expectation of a BETTER bid The greater the risk for the contractor (the more he will charge us to do thework) Trade-offs among alternative designs All these are basically Asset Management

VALUE – RISK - EXPECTATIONS Cost effective Asset Management Good economics and engineering Good communication Invest more in initial investigations What if analyses Cost effective design decisions Trade offs among alternative design and investigation options Technical information to support decision making


CRI – SR 256 Improvements, Scott County Geotechnical report estimated 11.3 inches consolidation settlement (57 weeks). Aggregate columns recommended for MSE walls CRI report estimated 3.77 inches consolidation settlement (5.1 month/ 22weeks) 2 feet Undercut recommended for MSE walls

Geotechnical Report

CRI Report

Monitoring Data

Pile Driving & Construction

Pile Hammer Performance During Pile Driving

Upcoming ChangesAssuring Quality in Geotechnical ReportsRef. FHWA GEC 014

Geotechnical Consultants Role:The role and responsibility of consultants if they are performing geotechnicalinvestigations and developing Geotechnical Report’s is to: Review and understand the scope of the project and the geotechnical needs. Perform the investigation and analyses consistent with owner requirementsand/or industry standards (e.g., AASHTO, FHWA, GDM, etc.). Develop recommendations, including existing or new details and specificationsnecessary to implement recommendations. Verify that recommendations, including details and specifications, have beenproperly included in the plans and specifications. Perform and document Quality Control and Quality Assurance reviews of the GRs

QC & QA of Geotechnical Reports (DD Phase): Quality Control (QC):Checking of all subsurface information, analyses, specifications, details and specialrequirements for accuracy and their ability to meet the requirements provided by theowner or by standard of practice. Quality Assurance (QA):Is the process by which QC is verified for the Geotechnical Reports for accuracy andadequacy to meet or exceed project requirements and assist the design engineers in: Reviewing both geotechnical reports and plan, specification and estimate (PS&E)packages. Recognizing cost saving opportunities. Identifying deficiencies or potential contract dispute issues due to inadequategeotechnical investigation, analysis or design. Recognizing when to request additional technical assistance from geotechnical specialist

QA/QC of Geotechnical ReportsQuality Assurance Checklist and Documentation: General Information Form; Developed to document basic information for any Geotechnical Report (GR) reviewincluding:Project Title, Project Contracting Method (DBB, DB, PPP, other), QA Reviewer andFirm/Agency Affiliation, GR Title, GR Type (e.g., GR, GDR, Memorandum, Email), GR Authorand Firm, GR Author/Firm Client (Owner, Contractor, Other), Project Component(s) Covered(Roadway, Structure, Other) Project Design Development Stage (Planning, Preliminary, Final)and QA Review Level (Discipline Level Review; Project Level Audit) Checklists Attached (Attach Specific Applicable checklists) Quality Assurance Audits:Performed by the Owner Agency (INDOT)

Geotechnical Report (GR) QA Checklist Part 1

Geotechnical Report (GR) QA Checklist Part 2

Geotechnical Design & Construction Mir Zaheer P.E. INDOT Geotechnical Services Division Geotechnical Report A tool used to communicate the site conditions and design and construction recommendations to the roadway design, bridge design, and construction personnel. Comprehensive Geotechnical Reports (GRs):

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