Sound Design - Llrc.mcast.edu.mt

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'm-\J/sounddesignclassic audioG hi-fi designDavid A t t w o o d

introduction*421960-1969 stereo t a k e s o f f681970-1979 decks &discoS 1980-1989 digital delivery1261990- a converging ents

indexPage numbers in italics indicateBeolit 8 1Coda model 8 2domestic interiors 3 6 , 3 7an illustration.Beosystem 2 5 0 0 : 1 4 3 , 1 4 6coffee-table hl-fi 25Dual 1 0 3Berliner, Emile 7Columbia 1 9 , 8 8ABerthier, M a r c 1 4 9compact disc see CDDudley, Anne 1 0 5The Absolute Sound 7 9 , 1 0 2 , 1 0 7Bitches B r e w 60compo portables 1 2 2 , 1 2 3Dupont, Patrice 5 3Acoustic Research 3 8 , 5 9 , 6 2 , 6 5Blaupunkt Woodstock 151computer-aided design [CAD) 9 6 ,OVD [Digital Versatile Oisc] 1 2 8 ,AR Turntable 62Blonde on Blonde 60AR2AX Loudspeaker 59Blu-ray 1 3 2150, 1 5 2computer-based audio 1 4 8CS 5 0 5 : 1 0 3130, 132, 1 4 4DVO-Audio 1 3 6acoustic suspension 5 9Blueroom Mlnlpod 140computers 1 3 4 , 1 4 5Dylan, Bob 6 0Advent 9 0Blumlein, Alan 4 1Concrete Stereo 125Dynaco 2 9 , 41Stereo 7 0 : 4 1boom boxes 1 1 2 , 1 2 2 , 1 2 3 , 129conrad-johnson Premier Three 1 0 7AEG 2 4Boothroyd, Alan 7 5consumer electronics industry 7 0Afrika Bambaataa 1 0 5Bose 8 4Cooke, Raymond 8 2vcopying 6 0 , 1 1 0 , 1 3 2Eagles 8 6Elcaset 9 22 0 1 : 88Aiwa 9 09 0 1 : 81EAD1 2 5 0 93Bower, John 8 1Costello, Elvis 1 2 0XSG5 152Bowers and Wilkins see B & WCouncil of Industrial Design 2 2electrostatic loudspeakers 3 9Bowie, David 8 6cult status 7 5Electrovoice Patrician 3 8DEM1 1 7 , 2 6 , 8 8D'Agostino, Dan 1 0 8Eno, Brian 1 0 4Akai 9 0 , 9 24 0 0 0 D 71Midi System 118Alessi 1 2 3Emerson 8 3 8 : 13brands 5 7 , 1 2 38raun 2 4SK4 Phonosuper 2 4Poe 1 4 8breakdancing 1 1 3dance music 1 0 4entertainment electron cs1 2 8Americana FP80 4 4Briggs, Gilbert 3 4dance styles 8 6 , 1 3 4EP [extended play] 4 8Ampex 2 4BrionvegaDansetteEsslinger, Hartmut 9 6amplifiers 3 2 , 78-9, 8 1 , 1 0 8RR 1 2 6 : 54"Hi-Fi" record player 51Apogee 1 1 1 , 1 1 5Totem RR13 0 : 97portable record player 2 1 , 2 2 , 5 2Scintilla ll 1European styles 46-7, 5 0Brothers i n A r m s 1 2 0Dark Side o f the M o o n 7 6 , 7 7FApple i-Pod M P 3 player 1 3 4Bush TR82 l 2DAT [Digital Audio Tape] 1 1 0 , 1 3 2Far East 1 0 7Arad, Ron 1 2 5Byrne, David 1 2 0Davis, Miles 6 0fashionable technology 1 5 1Armstrong, Edwin 1 6Day, Robin 5 0Ferguson unit aud o53Armstrong 6 2 6 : 79CDay Sequerra F M ReferenceTuner 116Ferrograph 2 6A r t of Noise 1 0 5cabinet styles see furniture lookdealers 1 5 6file-sharing 1 3 4 , 1 4 8audio engineering 9cables 116Decca 1 7 , 3 1Fisher 2 9 . 5 7 , 6 2Audio Innovations, Alto range 126C A 0 [computer-aided design] 9 6 .Audio Research 8 1 , 1 0 8150, 1 5 2Decola 4 08 0 C 29Decca/London 9 0Fisher, Avery 2 9Fleetwood M a c 8 6audiophile companies 1 0 3Cadillac car radio 51Decksanddrumsandrockandroll l 3 5Avantegarde Trio 140California Audio Labs [CAL]Deep Purple 7 6F M radio 1 6 , 3 2 , 5 7 , 8 1Def J a m 1 1 2Ford 6 6Avid 1 3 6Acutus 13Tempest 101Carfrae Little Big Horn 142Oenon 3 4Fountain, Guy R. 3 9cars 2 0 , 8 6Depeche Mode 1 0 4frogdesign 9 6 , 1 2 4furniture look 7, 2 2 , 2 4 , 3 6 , 3 7 , 1 4 1Baudio 2 0 , 6 0 , 1 0 7design 6 , 8 , 5 4 , 9 4 , 9 5 - 6 , 1 5 28&W 8 2radios 5 0 - 2Dettmar, Del 77801: 81, 8 2cartridges 6 6digital audio broadcasting [DAB] 1 4 6GD M series 8 2cassette decks 9 0 , 9 2Digital Audio Tape see DATGammon, David 7 2cassettes 6 0 , 6 5 - 6Digital Compact Cassette [DCC] 1 3 6Gandy, Roy 7 3Cassidy, David 8 6digital satellite channels 1 4 4Garrard 3 4 , 6 2143, 1 4 6Castiglioni, Achille 5 4digital technology 1 0 13 0 1 : 3 4 , 351900: 7 9CD 1 0 1 - 3 , 1 2 8 , 1 3 0 , 1 3 6Digital Versatile Oisc see D V 0401: 6 54 0 0 2 / 4 4 0 0 : 97CD-ROM 1 2 8Dire Straits 1 2 0SP25: 6 3 , 6 5CD4 system 8 8direct-drive turntables 7 2 , 7 5Zero 100 deck 7 2Nautilus 142Bang & Olufsen 5 0 , 7 2 , 8 1 , 9 2 ,Banham, Reyner 4 6BASF 2 4Celestion Ditton range 6 5disco 8 6GE Loudmouth 8-Track 67BBC LS3/5A design 8 2Cello 1 0 8DJs 8 6 . 1 0 4 . 1 3 5ghetto blasters 1 1 3 , 1 2 3Beatles 4 8 , 4 9classic audio 1 5 6Dolby, Ray 6 1 , 8 8 , 9 0Gibson, William 1 2 1Bell Laboratories 1 2clock radios 9 4Dolby noise reduction system 6 6 ,Bellini, Mario 5 5 , 8 9 , 9 7Close t o the Edge 7 688, 9 0glossary 1 5 4 - 5Gnutella 1 5 0

Model 7 Pre-amplifier 33Goldrlng GL75 6 5Johnson, Wllliarn Z . 8 1Goodmans 3 4 , 6 5J R 1 4 9 speaker 8 2Marantz, Saul 3 2 , 3 3Nokia 5 5 1 0 : 153Grace 7 8JVC MX-GT91 R 153Margolin 2 2NXT flat panel 1 4 1M a r k Levinson 7 9 , 1 0 8Grange, Kenneth 8 1 , 8 2Grundig 2 6 , 5 5 , 1 2 3noise reduction systems 6 1 , 6 6KM L 2 74Satelllt 1 0 0 0 : 78Kardon, Bernard 3 2Martln, George 4 8 . 4 9TK24: 27KB transistor radios 21Martin Logan 1 4 30Ogle, Oavid 1 2O'Heocha, Aonghus 1 4 1Guarnieri, Giuseppe 1 4 3KEF 8 2 , 1 4 5Ascent 143O'Heocha 02-150-5 141Gugelot, Hans 2 4KenwoodProdigy 1 4 3Olivetti 5 5Matsushita 9 2Omega 8 4HM-DV7 133Hstereo receiver 57Mclntosh 3 2 , 5 7M C 2 7 5 57open-reel taperecorders 9 0Hafler, Oavid 4 1KLH 5 9 , 6 2 , 8 2Harman, Sidney 3 2Klipsch. Paul 3 8Mclntosh, Frank H. 3 2C 0 2 0 0 0 138Harman Kardon 3 2Klipschorn 38Meek. Joe 49Delphi 115OracleKloss, Henry 5 9 , 8 8Mellontron 7 6Ortofon 3 4Hartsfield and Paragon 3 8Koetsu cartridges 7 8Memphis 1 2 4Osmonds 8 6Hawkwind 7 7Koss, John 8 3 , 8 4Meridian 7 5headphones 8 3 , 8 4 , 8 8Koss PRO 4AA 831 0 1 Control U n i t / l O 4 Tuner/lO3PHeal, Christopher 3 9Kraftwerk 1 0 4 , 105Power Amp 75PanasonicHeals 3 7Krell 1 0 8Festival Recelver 33Heath company 2 8Heathkit 28, 2 9Herman Miller 2 5Michaelson, Antony 1 1 5Pan-a-Pet 94KSA 8 0 : 108Michell Engineering 7 2quadrophonic system 85KSA 1 0 0 : 1 0 8Michell Gyrodec 7 2Kudelski. Stefan 9 0hl-fiToot-a-Loop bangle radio 68Mlnerva GA45 POP 55Panton, Verner 9 , 9 6Mini-Moog 7 6 , 77Paravicini, Tim de 8 1birth of 2 6 , 2 9Lminiatur zation8Paul. Les 31B r t i s hpioneers 3 2 , 3 4Lambda 8 4Mlnogue, Kylie 145Paul Voigt company 3 4press 7 5 , 7 9 , 8 9 , 1 5 6Laurent, Ed 4 1mobile phone 153Perdlo 45US pioneers 2 9 - 3 2Leak 2 8 , 6 2Moog, Robert 7 7personal listening 8 4Pet Shop Boys 1 0 4high-end trends 1 1 5 - 16 , 1 3 8 , 1 4 13 0 amplifier 5 8 , 59Moroder, Giorglo 8 7High Fidelfty 1 0 1Point One T L I 2 28, 3 2Morpheus 1 5 0Pet Sounds 6 1high f delitysee hi-fiSandwich speaker 6 4Motorola 56TI 16Phllco Transitone radio 10Philips 2 6 , 5 0 , 9 0 , 9 2 , 9 3 , 1 0 1 ,Hinde. Graham 1 2 4Leak, Harold J . 2 8 , 3 2MP3 134, 148, 1 5 0Hitachl 5 8Lear, William Powell 6 6MW 1 2 023, 1 3 6 , 1 4 6home entertainment 1 4 4Led Zeppel n7 6multimedia 1 4 2 - 3CDIOO: 101horn loudspeakers 1 1 5Lewis, Oavid 1 4 3 , 1 4 6Muntz, Ernie 6 6EL3300: 66Human League 1 0 4Lexon Tykho 149Murphy A242R 17GF303: 53lifestyle audio 1 3 0 , 1 4 4music centres 6 0 , 9 2Moving Sound series 1 2 4ILike a Virgin 1 2 1Music for Airports 1 0 4Roller 124lmhof 3 7Linn 7 5Musical Fidelity 11 5Vision 2 0 0 0 : 67Imhof, Geoffrey 5 0Sondek LP12 73, 7 5A I 115pick-up arms 6 3 , 6 5X-Ray 133Pink Floyd 7 6 , 7 7Loricraft 3 5MusicNet 1 5 0Pioneer 5 8 , 1 3 0loudspeakersM y Best Friend's Girl 86independent radio stations 3 0LLCool J 1 1 2individual entertainment systems 8Infinity 8 2car radio cassette player 109POR-05: 131lnternet 1 4 6 , 1 5 61 9 7 0 s 81-2, 8 4ITT Tiny Cassette 95bookshelf 5 8 , 6 2 , 64-5, 1 1 0NPL 1 2 0 : 7 2early 3 6 - 9NAO 1 0 8 , 1 1 0Rack System 117Jelectrostatic 3 9Nagra 9 0Jackson, Michael 1 1 2 , 1 2 0horn 1 1 5Jadis J A 8 0 power amplifiers 137James B. Lansing 3 8 , 4 0see also JBLJapan 7 0 , 7 2surround-sound 1 4 1Lowther 3 4 , 3 8Naim 7 5 , 7 8N A P 2 5 0 74LPs 1 7 , 3 0Nakamichi 9 0 , 1 0 9 , 1 1 0a11 0 0 0 ZXL 109, 1 1 0LUXJapanese imports 4 4JBL 6 2IV-S 90MSX636: 70piracy issues 6 0POP 4 8Porsche 1 2 3portable audlo equipment 8,12, 2 4Dragon 1 1 0Presley, Elvis 3 0Soundspace ll: 147Pressplay 1 5 0L1 00 "Century" 58Madonna 121Napster 1 4 8 , 1 5 0Prince 1 1 2Paragon 40magazines 7 9 , 8 9 , 1 5 6Nelson, George 2 4 . 2 5Propellerheads 1 3 5see also James B. LansingMarantz 3 2 , 5 7 , 6 2 , 1 3 7Jensen, Jakob 5 0 , 7 9 , 8 1 . 9 7 , 1 4 6Layla 130furniture 25networks 1 4 4Psion Wavefinder 1 4 6 , 149Public Enemy 1 1 2

punk 8 6SSpice Girls 112Pye 2 3samplers 1 0 4SPJ La Luce CS Centoventi 139Sansui 5 8Spotheim-Koreneef, Judy 1 3 9transistor radios 1 2 - 15 , 1 6 , 4 4 - 6turntables 34-5, 6 2 , 6 5 , 7 5 , 1 3 81 2 0 7 Stereogram 50Black Box 23Quad System 85SQ matrix system 8 8compact stereo player 93receiver 71Stanley Kelly 3 8 , 1 1 1QQS matrix system 8 8Quad 3 4 , 3 8 , 1 1 1 , 1 3 7 , 2 2 : 55SanyoStarck, Philippe 1 2 3 , 1 4 8Clock Radio 94Stax 8 4 , 8 8portable 119Sasha 135Transcriptors Hydraulic ReferenceTurntable 72Unison Research 7SR-X 84unit audio 5 4 , 9 2SRI 8 4v3 0 3 power amplifier 5 8Saturday Night Fever 8 6ESL 39Scandinavian styling 5 4Steely Dan 8 6vanity case radios 14, 1 5ESL63 1 1 5Scott 2 9 , 5 7 , 6 2stereo 3 8 , 4 0 - 1 , 5 4VCS3 synthesiser 77SRD-7 8 4Veersema. Rein 5 0GCll Control Unit 343 1 0 C 32quadraphonic systems 8 8Scott, H.H. 3 2stereograms 5 4video 1 2 0 , 1 3 0quadraphony 8 5Sennheiser 8 4Stereophile 7 9Villchur, Edgar 3 8radio cassette recorders 1 2 2'Stop Making Sense 120vintage audio 1 5 6separates look 5 4street culture 1 1 2vintage turntables 1 3 8rack systems 1 1 6 - 18Sequerra, Dick 3 2 , 3 3 , 1 1 6Stuart, Bob 7 5Radford 5 8 , 1 0 8Sergeant Pepper's Lonely HeartsStuder 2 7H D 4 1 4 83XSTA25 Series 4 : 107radio 7 , 1 1 - 1 7 , 20-2, 1 4 6building 4 5Club Band 49SharpGF4646 122vinyl 1 0 7 , 1 3 8see also LPs; records; singlesStuder, Willi 2 4 , 2 7Voigt 3 4sub-woofers 8 4 , 1 4 1VPI TNT 139Sugano, Yoshiaki 7 8radio-cassette recorders 9 4 , 9 5 , 1 2 2QT50 125Summer, Donna 87W"Radio" Radio 46radio recorders 1 2 4Super Audio CD 1 3 6Wadia 1 2 82 7 0 CD Transport 128radiograms 1 9 , 2 2short-wave reception 7 8Supex 7 8Ramones 8 6Shure 6 5surround-sound 1 3 0 , 1 3 2 , 1 4 1 , 1 4 4Walker, Peter 3 4Synthesis 1 3 7Walkman 1 1 8 , 1 2 0 , 1 2 1 , 132Rams. Dieter 2 4Sigma B 4rap 1 1 2Sinclair, Clive 4 5RCASinclair Micro 6: 45synthesizers 7 6 , 7 7 , 1 0 44 5 r p m discs 19singles 1 9 , 2 2 , 4 8 , 1 2 0synthetic sounds 1 0 4Quadradisc 8 8sleeve a r t 1 0 3Nimis 137"Sports" 98TPS-L2 122WM2 122Wega 1 2 4RCA Victor 2 6 , 6 6small products 1 4 3l-5 0 5 radiogram 9RDS technology 1 4 6Smart 8 4 5 amplifier 7TAG McLaren Aphrodite 131Concept 5 1 K 96SME 6 3 , 6 5Talking Heads 1 2 0Weltron 2 0 0 7 : 64Tandberg 9 0Wharfedale 3 4 , 6 2 , 6 5 , 1 1 0receivers81record changers 3 43 0 0 9 : 63record decks 7 2 - 3 , 7 5Smith, Sidney 3 2 , 3 3Tannoy 3 8record players 1 9 , 52-4Sobell Stereogram 36recordable CD 1 3 0solid state 5 7 , 5 8 , 7 6recordable DVD 1 3 2Sonab 8 4records, speeds 16-1 9Sonic Youth 1 2 0Teac 9 2Rega 7 3Sonus Faber 1 4 3Technics 7 2Planar 3 : 73Regency T R l 1 3Guarnieri 143Sony 1 5 , 5 7 , 9 0 , 9 2 , 9 6 , 1 0 1 , 1 4 4GRF Corner Horn 39tape 2 4 , 2 6cassettes 6 0Oenton 6 5 . 1 1 0Diamond 110Linton 6 5 , 1 10widescreen TV 1 4 4Williamson amplifier circuits 2 9Wilson Benesch Circle turntable 8La Mini Serie 7 19Wilson, Brian 6 1Personal CD 129Wilson, Oavid, pyram dalWATTmonitor l 1 1remixing 7 6C D P l O l 101SL 1 2 0 0 series 7 5remote controls 1 5 2D 5 0 123S L l O 102, 1 1 9Wolf, Arnold 4 0 , 5 8resources 1 5 6Discman personal CD, playertelevision 2 0 , 1 4 4Wollensak 2 6 , 9 0Revox 2 4 , 7 21 1 8 , 123Teppaz Bi-Balad 523 6 Series 27MiniDisc 1 1 8 , 1 3 6Texas Instruments 1 2Thorens 6 5T 1 5 1 5 - 4 26"world" receivers 7 8Riendeau, Marcel 1 1 5M y First Sony range 1 1 8Rio 3 0 0 : 150M Z R 9 1 132T D I 2 4 35YRoberts R T I 15Playstation game system 1 3 0 , 1 4 4T D I 5 0 65Yamaha 9 0Robertson-Aikman, Alastair 6 3TR55 1 43 M 25Yamaha TC800D 89rock 3 0 . 4 6T R 6 1 0 14Thriller l 2 0Yes 7 6Rogers, Jim 8 2Walkman see WalkmanThwaites, A.F. 1 7Rogers LS3/5A 8 2Sony Design Centre 5 7Tiefenbrun, lvor 7 5zRoxy Music 8 6Sottsass, Ettore 1 2 4ToshibaZiggy Stardust 86Run DMC 1 1 2Spector, Phil 48Music Centre 92Russell, Dick 1 7Spendor BC1 8 4personal stereos 1 2 4

Hafler, Oavid 41 Harman, Sidney 32 Harman Kardon 32 Festival Recelver 33 Hartsfield and Paragon 38 Hawkwind 77 headphones 83, 84, 88 Heal, Christopher 39 Heals 37 Heath company 28 Heathkit 28, 29 Herman Miller 25 hl-fi birth of 26, 29 Br tish pioneers 32, 34 press 75, 79, 89, 156 US pioneers 29-32 high-end trends 1 15-1 6, 138, 141

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