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The Project Gutenberg EBook of TheComplete Herbal, by Nicholas CulpeperThis eBook is for the use of anyoneanywhere in the United States and mostother parts of the world at no cost andwith almost no restrictionswhatsoever. You may copy it, give itaway or re-use it under the terms ofthe Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online If you are notlocated in the United States, you'llhaveto check the laws of the country whereyou are located before using this ebook.Title: The Complete HerbalTo which is now added, upwards ofone hundred additionalherbs, with a display oftheir medicinal and occultqualities physicallyapplied to the cure of all disordersincident to mankind: towhich are now first annexed, theEnglish physician

enlarged, and key to Physic.Author: Nicholas CulpeperRelease Date: July 24, 2015 [EBook#49513]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERGEBOOK THE COMPLETE HERBAL ***Produced by Chris Curnow, Emmy and theOnline DistributedProofreading Team at file wasproduced from images generously madeavailable by TheInternet Archive) In loving memory ofPoppy Curnow, wholoved her herb garden.

Transcriber's Note: As withany medicinal work firstpublished in the 1600s andrewritten countless times, itshould go without saying tonot attempt these recipes.Just in case, the transcriberhas now said it. Also, manyand varied were the printingand publishing anomalies,for a more completeexplanation, see theextensive notes collected atthe end of this text.






TO WHICH IS ALSO ADDED,UPWARDS OF FIFTY CHOICERECEIPTS,SELECTED FROM THE AUTHOR’S LASTLEGACY TO HIS WIFE.A NEW EDITION,WITH A LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL DISEASES TOWHICH THE HUMAN BODY IS LIABLE,AND A GENERAL INDEX.Illustrated by Engravings of numerous BritishHerbs and Plants, correctly coloured from nature.———————“The Lord hath created Medicines out of the earth;

and he that is wise will not abhor them.”—Ecc.xxxviii. 4.———————LONDON:THOMAS KELLY, 17,PATERNOSTER ROW.———MDCCCL.


Transcriber's Note: Ifsupported by your device,larger versions of the platesmay be seen by clicking onthe plate itself. Apologiesare made for the quality ofthese images taken from avery old book.

PLATE 1.AlexanderAgrimonyAlkanetAmara DulcisAllhealAmaranthusor Bitter SweetAddersAlehoof orAngelicaTongueGround Ivy

PLATE 2.GardenArrachBasilYellowBedstrawAvensArs smartArchangelWhiteBedstrawBeetsWaterBetonyTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON

PLATE 3.Bird’s tort orSnakeweedBorageBrooklimeBrankUrsineBlue BottleTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 4.Burdock Butter-bur Wall BuglossBugle Camomile CarrawayCentaury Wild Carrot CelandineTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 5.ChervillComfryCleaversCrabs ClawsColtsfoot or Fresh water CowslipSoldierColumbine Shrub Cinquefoil CostmaryTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 6.Crowfoot Cuckow Point Water CressCudweed CrosswortDillDandelionDaisyDevils Bit

PLATE 7.Eringo Eyebright ElecampaneDockDragons Dog’s GrassDropwort Dove’s Foot Bloody DockTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 8.Foxglove Flower-de-luce FigwortFleawortFumitoryFluellinFennelFlaxweed Feverfew

PLATE 9.WallHart’sMouse-earHawkweed. Tongue. . Germander.Gilliflower.THOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE iteHerb RobertPennywort HorehoundHenbaneTruelove HemlockTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 11.KnapweedSea LavenderLoosestrife ilyLiver Lily of theWortValley

PLATE 12Loosestrife orLovage Lungwort Wood WillowherbFieldMaidenhairMarsh MallowMadderMarigold MelilotMasterwort

PLATE 13.Mouse teMulleinFieldMouse EarMotherwortWhiteMustardTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 14.BlackCommonDeadlyMustard Nightshade NightshadeNepNailwortOrpineCowRock Parsley Wild ParsnipParsnipTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 15.Pellitory of thePepperPeriwinkleWallwortPimpernelPlantain PolypodyCorn RoseWhite PoppyPrimrosePoppyTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE 16.PrivetCressRocketRagwortQueen of theMeadowRattle GrassRapture WortMeadowRueRocketCressSaffron

PLATE us f-healBurnetSaxifrageTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

PLATE SorrelSow ThistleWildSuccoryCommonSorrelTansy

PLATE efoilWildTeazleThoroughWaxTormentilCottonThistle

PLATE 20.Viper’sBuglossWoadWoodbine Wall FlowerSeaWormwood WormwoodYarrowVervainValerianTHOMAS KELLY, LONDON.

CULPEPER’SORIGINAL EPISTLE TOTHE READER.TAKE Notice, That in this Edition Ihave made very many Additions toevery sheet in the book: and, also, thatthose books of mine that are printed ofthat Letter the small Bibles are printedwith, are very falsely printed: therebeing twenty or thirty gross mistakes inevery sheet, many of them such as areexceedingly dangerous to such as shallventure to use them: And therefore I dowarn the Public of them: I can do nomore at present; only take notice of

these Directions by which you shall besure to know the True one from theFalse.The first Direction.—The true onehath this Title over the head of everyBook, THE COMPLETE HERBAL AND ENGLISHPHYSICIANENLARGED.ThesmallCounterfeit ones have only this Title,THE ENGLISH PHYSICIAN.The second Direction.—The trueone hath these words, GOVERNMENT ANDVIRTUES, following the time of thePlants flowering, &c. The counterfeitsmall ones have these words, VIRTUESAND USE, following the time of thePlants flowering.The third Direction. —The true one

is of a larger Letter than the counterfeitones, which are in Twelves, &c., of theLetter small Bibles used to be printedon. I shall now speak something of thebook itself.All other Authors that have writtenof the nature of Herbs, give not a bit ofreason why such an Herb wasappropriated to such a part of the body,nor why it cured such a disease. Trulymy own body being sickly, brought meeasily into a capacity, to know thathealth was the greatest of all earthlyblessings, and truly he was never sickthat doth not believe it. Then Iconsidered that all medicines werecompounded of Herbs, Roots, Flowers,Seeds, &c., and this first set me to

work in studying the nature of simples,most of which I knew by sight before;and indeed all the Authors I could readgave me but little satisfaction in thisparticular, or none at all. I cannot buildmy faith upon Authors’ words, norbelieve a thing because they say it, andcould wish every body were of mymind in this,—to labour to be able togive a reason for every thing they sayor do. They say Reason makes a mandiffer from a Beast; if that be true, praywhat are they that, instead of reason fortheir judgment, quote old Authors?Perhaps their authors knew a reason forwhat they wrote, perhaps they did not;what is that to us? Do we know it?Truly in writing this work first, to

satisfy myself, I drew out all thevirtues of the vulgar or common Herbs,Plants, and Trees, &c., out of the bestor most approved authors I had, orcould get; and having done so, I setmyself to study the reason of them. Iknew well enough the whole world, andevery thing in it, was formed of acomposition of contrary elements, andin such a harmony as must needs showthe wisdom and power of a great God. Iknew as well this Creation, though thuscomposed of contraries, was one unitedbody, and man an epitome of it: I knewthose various affections in man, inrespect of sickness and health, werecaused naturally (though God may haveother ends best known to himself) by

the various operations of theMicrocosm; and I could not beignorant, that as the cause is, so mustthe cure be; and therefore he that wouldknow the reason of the operation of theHerbs, must look up as high as theStars, astrologically. I always found thedisease vary according to the variousmotions of the Stars; and this isenough, one would think, to teach aman by the effect where the cause lies.Then to find out the reason of theoperation of Herbs, Plants, &c., by theStars went I; and herein I could findbut few authors, but those as full ofnonsense and contradiction as an egg isfull of meat. This not being pleasing,and less profitable to me, I consulted

with my two brothers, DR. REASON andDR. EXPERIENCE, and took a voyage tovisit my mother NATURE, by whoseadvice, together with the help of DR.DILIGENCE, I at last obtained my desire;and, being warned by MR. HONESTY, astranger in our days, to publish it to theworld, I have done it.But you will say, What need I havewritten on this Subject, seeing so manyfamous and learned men have writtenso much of it in the English Tongue,much more than I have done?To this I answer, neither GERRARDnor PARKINSON, or any that ever wrote inthe like nature, ever gave one wisereason for what they wrote, and so did

nothing else but train up young novicesin Physic in the School of tradition, andteach them just as a parrot is taught tospeak; an Author says so, therefore it istrue; and if all that Authors say be true,why do they contradict one another?But in mine, if you view it with the eyeof reason, you shall see a reason foreverything that is written, whereby youmay find the very ground andfoundation of Physic; you may knowwhat you do, and wherefore you do it;and this shall call me Father, it being(that I know of) never done in theworld before.I have now but two things to write,and then I have done.1. What the profit and

benefit of this Work is.2. Instructions in the useof it.1. The profit and benefit arisingfrom it, or that may occur to a wiseman from it are many; so many thatshould I sum up all the particulars, myEpistle would be as big as my Book; Ishall quote some few general heads.First. The admirable Harmony ofthe Creation is herein seen, in theinfluence of Stars upon Herbs and theBody of Man, how one part of theCreation is subservient to another, andall for the use of Man, whereby theinfinite power and wisdom of God inthe creation appear; and if I do not

admire at the simplicity of the Ranters,never trust me; who but viewing theCreation can hold such a sottishopinion, as that it was from eternity,when the mysteries of it are so clear toevery eye? but that Scripture shall beverified to them, Rom. i. 20: “Theinvisible things of him from theCreation of the World are clearly seen,being understood by the things that aremade, even his Eternal Power andGodhead; so that they are withoutexcuse.”—And a Poet could teach thema better lesson;“Because out of thy thoughts Godshall not pass,“His image stamped is on every

grass.”This indeed is true, God hasstamped his image on every creature,and therefore the abuse of the creatureis a great sin; but how much the moredo the wisdom and excellency of Godappear, if we consider the harmony ofthe Creation in the virtue and operationof every Herb!Secondly, Hereby you may knowwhat infinite knowledge Adam had inhis innocence, that by looking upon acreature, he was able to give it a nameaccording to its nature; and by knowingthat, thou mayest know how great thyfall was and be humbled for it even inthis respect, because hereby thou art so

ignorant.Thirdly, Here is the right way forthee to begin at the study of Physic, ifthou art minded to begin at the rightend, for here thou hast the reason of thewhole art. I wrote before in certainAstrological Lectures, which I read,and printed, intituled, AstrologicalJudgment of Diseases, what planetcaused (as a second cause) everydisease, how it might be found outwhat planet caused it; here thou hastwhat planet cures it by Sympathy andAntipathy; and this brings me to mylast promise, viz.Instructions for the right use

Instructions for the right useof the book.And herein let me premise a word ortwo. The Herbs, Plants, &c. are now inthe book appropriated to their properplanets. Therefore,First, Consider what planet causeththe disease; that thou mayest find it inmy aforesaid Judgment of Diseases.Secondly, Consider what part of thebody is afflicted by the disease, andwhether it lies in the flesh, or blood, orbones, or ventricles.Thirdly, Consider by what planet theafflicted part of the body is governed:

that my Judgment of Diseases willinform you also.Fourthly, You may oppose diseasesby Herbs of the planet, opposite to theplanet that causes them: as diseases ofJupiter by herbs of Mercury, and thecontrary; diseases of the Luminaries bythe herbs of Saturn, and the contrary;diseases of Mars by herbs of Venus,and the contrary.Fifthly, There is a way to curediseases sometimes by Sympathy, andso every planet cures his own disease;as the Sun and Moon by their Herbscure the Eyes, Saturn the Spleen,Jupiter the liver, Mars the Gall anddiseases of choler, and Venus diseases

in the instruments of Generation.NICH. CULPEPER.From my House in Spitalfields,next door to the Red Lion,September 5, 1653.

TO HIS DEARESTCONSORTMRS. ALICECULPEPER.MY DEAREST,THE works that I have published tothe world (though envied by someilliterate physicians) have merited suchjust applause, that thou mayest beconfident in proceeding to publishanything I leave thee, especially thismaster-piece: assuring my friends andcountrymen, that they will receive asmuch benefit by this, as by my

Dispensatory, and that incomparablepiececalled, Semiotica Uranicaenlarged, and English Physician.These are the choicest secrets,which I have had many years locked upin my own breast. I gained them by myconstant practice, and by them Imaintained a continual reputation inthe world, and I doubt not but the worldwill honour thee for divulging them;and my fame shall continue andincrease thereby, though the period ofmy Life and Studies be at hand, and Imust now bid all things under the sunfarewell. Farewell, my dear wife andchild; farewell, Arts and Sciences,which I so dearly loved; farewell, allworldly glories; adieu, readers,

NICHOLAS CULPEPER.NICHOLAS CULPEPER, the Author of thisWork, was son of Nicholas Culpeper, aClergyman, and grandson of SirThomas Culpeper, Bart. He was sometime a student in the university ofCambridge, and soon after was boundapprentice to an Apothecary. Heemployed all his leisure hours in thestudy of Physic and Astrology, whichhe afterwards professed, and set upbusiness in Spitalfields, next door tothe Red Lion, (formerly known as theHalf-way House between Islington andStepney, an exact representation ofwhich we have given under our

Author’s Portrait), where he hadconsiderable practice, and was muchresorted to for his advice, which hegave to the poor gratis. AstrologicalDoctors have always been highlyrespected; and those celebratedPhysicians of the early times, whomour Author seems to have particularlystudied, Hippocrates, Galen, andAvicen, regarded those as homicideswho were ignorant of Astrology.Paracelsus, indeed, went farther; hedeclared, a Physician should bepredestinated to the cure of his patient;and the horoscope should be inspected,the plants gathered at the criticalmoment, &c.Culpeper was a writer and translator

of several Works, the most celebratedof which is his Herbal, “being anastrologo-physical discourse of thecommon herbs of the nation;containing a complete Method orPractice of Physic, whereby a Man maypreserve his Body in Health, or curehimself when sick, with such thingsonly as grow in England, they beingmost fit for English Constitutions.”Thiscelebrated,andusefulPhysician died at his house inSpitalfields, in the year 1654. ThisBook will remain as a lastingmonument of his skill and industry.“Culpeper, the man that firstranged the woods and climbed

the mountains in search ofmedicinal and salutary herbs,has undoubtedly merited thegratitude of posterity.”— DR.JOHNSON.

THEENGLISHPHYSICIANENLARGED.AMARA DULCIS.CONSIDERING divers shires in thisnation give divers names to one and thesame herb, and that the common namewhich it bears in one county, is notknown in another; I shall take the painsto set down all the names that I knowof each herb: pardon me for setting thatname first, which is most common to

myself. Besides Amara Dulcis, somecall it Mortal, others Bitter-sweet;some Woody Night-shade, and othersFelon-wort.Descript.] It grows up with woodystalks even to a man’s height, andsometimes higher. The leaves fall offat the approach of winter, and springout of the same stalk at spring-time:the branch is compassed about with awhitish bark, and has a pith in themiddle of it: the main branch branchesitself into many small ones withclaspers, laying hold on what is next tothem, as vines do: it bears many leaves,they grow in no order at all, at least inno regular order; the leaves are longish,though somewhat broad, and pointed at

the ends: many of them have two littleleaves growing at the end of their footstalk; some have but one, and somenone. The leaves are of a pale greencolour; the flowers are of a purplecolour, or of a perfect blue, like toviolets, and they stand many of themtogether in knots: the berries are greenat first, but when they are ripe they arevery red; if you taste them, you shallfind them just as the crabs which we inSussex call Bittersweet, viz. sweet atfirst and bitter afterwards.Place.] They grow commonlyalmost throughout England, especiallyin moist and shady places.Time.] The leaves shoot out about

the latter end of March, if thetemperature of the air be ordinary; itflowers in July, and the seeds are ripesoon after, usually in the next month.Government and virtues.] It is underthe planet Mercury, and a notable herbof his also, if it be rightly gatheredunder his influence. It is excellentlygood to remove witchcraft both in menand beasts, as also all sudden diseaseswhatsoever. Being tied round about theneck, is one of the most admirableremedies for the vertigo or dizziness inthe head; and that is the reason (asTragus saith) the people in Germanycommonly hang it about their cattle’snecks, when they fear any such evilhath betided them: Country people

commonly take the berries of it, andhaving bruised them, apply them tofelons, and thereby soon rid theirfingers of such troublesome guests.We have now showed you theexternal use of the herb; we shall speaka word or two of the internal, and soconclude. Take notice, it is a Mercurialherb, and therefore of very subtileparts, as indeed all Mercurial plantsare; therefore take a pound of the woodand leaves together, bruise the wood(which you may easily do, for it is notso hard as oak) then put it in a pot, andput to it three pints of white wine, puton the pot-lid and shut it close; and letit infuse hot over a gentle fire twelvehours, then strain it out, so have you a

most excellent drink to openobstructions of the liver and spleen, tohelp difficulty of breath, bruises andfalls, and congealed blood in any partof the body, it helps the yellowjaundice, the dropsy, and blackjaundice, and to cleanse women newlybrought to bed. You may drink aquarter of a pint of the infusion everymorning. It purges the body verygently, and not churlishly as somehold. And when you find good by this,remember me.They that think the use of thesemedicines is too brief, it is only for thecheapness of the book; let them readthose books of mine, of the last edition,viz. Reverius, Veslingus, Riolanus,

Johnson, Sennertus, and Physic for thePoor.ALL-HEAL.IT is called All-heal, Hercules’s Allheal, and Hercules’s Woundwort,because it is supposed that Herculeslearned the herb and its virtues fromChiron, when he learned physic of him.Some call it Panay, and othersOpopane-wort.Descript.] Its root is long, thick, andexceeding full of juice, of a hot andbiting taste, the leaves are great andlarge, and winged almost like ash-treeleaves, but that they are something

hairy, each leaf consisting of five or sixpair of such wings set one against theother upon foot-stalks, broad below,but narrow towards the end; one of theleaves is a little deeper at the bottomthan the other, of a fair yellowish freshgreen colour: they are of a bitterishtaste, being chewed in the mouth; fromamong these rises up a stalk, green incolour, round in form, great and strongin magnitude, five or six feet inaltitude, with many joints, and someleaves thereat; towards the top comeforth umbels of small yellow flowers,after which are passed away, you mayfind whitish, yellow, short, flat seeds,bitter also in taste.Place.]Havinggivenyoua

description of the herb from bottom totop, give me leave to tell you, thatthere are other herbs called by thisname; but because they are strangers inEngland, I give only the description ofthis, which is easily to be had in thegardens of divers places.Time.] Although Gerrard saith, thatthey flower from the beginning of Mayto the end of December, experienceteaches them that keep it in theirgardens, that it flowers not till thelatter end of the summer, and sheds itsseeds presently after.Government and virtues.] It is underthe dominion of Mars, hot, biting, andcholeric; and remedies what evils Mars

inflicts the body of man with, bysympathy, as vipers’ flesh attractspoison, and the loadstone iron. It killsthe worms, helps the gout, cramp, andconvulsions, provokes urine, and helpsall joint-aches. It helps all cold griefsof the head, the vertigo, fallingsickness, the lethargy, the wind cholic,obstructions of the liver and spleen,stone in the kidneys and bladder. Itprovokes the terms, expels the deadbirth: it is excellent good for the griefsof the sinews, itch, stone, and toothache, the biting of mad dogs andvenomous beasts, and purges cholervery gently.ALKANET.

ALKANET.BESIDES the common name, it iscalled Orchanet, and Spanish Bugloss,and by apothecaries, Enchusa.Descript.] Of the many sorts of thisherb, there is but one known to growcommonly in this nation; of which onetake this description: It hath a great andthick root, of a reddish colour, long,narrow, hairy leaves, green like theleaves of Bugloss, which lie very thickupon the ground; the stalks rise upcompassed round about, thick withleaves, which are less and narrowerthan the former; they are tender, andslender, the flowers are hollow, small,and of a reddish colour.

Place.] It grows in Kent nearRochester, and in many places in theWest Country, both in Devonshire andCornwall.Time.] They flower in July and thebeginning of August, and the seed isripe soon after, but the root is in itsprime, as carrots and parsnips are,before the herb runs up to stalk.Government and virtues.] It is anherb under the dominion of Venus, andindeed one of her darlings, thoughsomewhat hard to come by. It helps oldulcers, hot inflammations, burnings bycommon fire, and St. Anthony’s fire,by antipathy to Mars; for these uses,

your best way is to make it into anointment; also, if you make a vinegarof it, as you make vinegar of roses, ithelps the morphew and leprosy; if youapply the herb to the privities, it drawsforth the dead child. It helps the yellowjaundice, spleen, and gravel in thekidneys. Dioscorides saith it helps suchas are bitten by a venomous beast,whether it be taken inwardly, orapplied to the wound; nay, he saithfurther, if any one that hath newlyeaten it, do but spit into the mouth of aserpent, the serpent instantly dies. Itstays the flux of the belly, kills worms,helps the fits of the mother. Itsdecoction made in wine, and drank,strengthens the back, and eases the

pains thereof: It helps bruises and falls,and is as gallant a remedy to drive outthe small pox and measles as any is; anointment made of it, is excellent forgreen wounds, pricks or thrusts.ADDER’S TONGUE ORSERPENT’S TONGUE.Descript.] THIS herb has but one leaf,which grows with the stalk a finger’slength above the ground, being flat andof a fresh green colour; broad likeWater Plantain, but less, without anyrib in it; from the bottom of which leaf,on the inside, rises up (ordinarily) one,sometimes two or three slender stalks,

the upper half whereof is somewhatbigger, and dented with small dents ofa yellowish green colour, like thetongue of an adder serpent (only this isas useful as they are formidable). Theroots continue all the year.Place.] It grows in moist meadows,and such like places.Time.] It is to be found in May orApril, for it quickly perishes with alittle heat.Government and virtues.] It is anherb under the dominion of the Moonand Cancer, and therefore if theweakness of the retentive faculty becaused by an evil influence of Saturn in

any part of the body governed by theMoon, or under the dominion ofCancer, this herb cures it by sympathy:It cures these diseases after specified,in any part of the body under theinfluence of Saturn, by antipathy.It is temperate in respect of heat,but dry in the second degree. The juiceof the leaves, drank with the distilledwater of Horse-tail, is a singularremedy for all manner of wounds in thebreast, bowels, or other parts of thebody, and is given with good success tothose that are troubled with casting,vomiting, or bleeding at the mouth ornose, or otherwise downwards. Thesaid juice given in the distilled water ofOaken-buds, is very good for women

who have their usual courses, or thewhites flowing down too abundantly. Ithelps sore eyes. Of the leaves infusedor boiled in oil, omphacine or unripeolives, set in the sun four certain days,or the green leaves sufficiently boiledin the said oil, is made an excellentgreen balsam, not only for green andfresh wounds, but also for old andinveterate ulcers, especially if a littlefine clear turpentine be dissolvedtherein. It also stays and refreshes allinflammations that arise upon pains byhurts and wounds.What parts of the body are undereach planet and sign, and also whatdisease may be found in myastrological judgment of diseases; and

for the internal work of nature in thebody of man; as vital, animal, naturaland procreative spirits of man; theapprehension, judgment, memory; theexternal senses, viz. seeing, hearing,smelling, tasting and feeling; thevirtuous,attractive,retentive,digestive, expulsive, &c. under thedominion of what planets they are, maybe found in my Ephemeris for the year1651. In both which you shall find thechaff of authors blown away by thefame of Dr. Reason, and nothing butrational truths left for the ingenious tofeed upon.Lastly. To avoid blotting paper withone thing many times, and also to easeyour purses in the price of the book,

and withal to make you studious inphysic; you have at the latter end of thebook, the way of preserving all herbseither in juice, conserve, oil, ointmentor plaister, electuary, pills, or troches.AGRIMONY.Descript.] THIS has divers longleaves (some greater, some smaller) setupon a stalk, all of them dented aboutthe edges, green above, and greyishunderneath, and a little hairy withal.Among which arises up usually but onestrong, round, hairy, brown stalk, twoor three feet high, with smaller leavesset here and there upon it. At the topthereof grow many small yellow

flowers, one above another, in longspikes; after which come rough headsof seed, hanging downwards, whichwill cleave to and stick upon garments,or any thing that shall rub againstthem. The knot is black, long, andsomewhat woody, abiding many years,and shooting afresh every Spring;which root, though small, hath areasonable good scent.Place.] It grows upon banks, nearthe sides of hedges.Time.] It flowers in July and August,the seed being ripe shortly after.Government and virtues.] It is anherb under Jupiter, and the sign

Cancer; and strengthens those partsunder the planet and sign, and removesdiseases in them by sympathy, andthose under Saturn, Mars and Mercuryby antipathy, if they happen in any partof the body governed by Jupiter, orunder the signs Cancer, Sagitarius orPisces, and therefore must needs begood for the gout, either usedoutwardly in oil or ointment, orinwardly in an electuary, or syrup, orconcerted juice: for which see the latterend of this book.It is of a cleansing and cuttingfaculty, without any manifest heat,moderately drying and binding. Itopens and cleanses the liver, helps thejaundice, and is very beneficial to the

bowels, healing all inward wounds,bruises, hurts, and other distempers.The decoction of the herb made withwine, and drank, is good against thebiting and stinging of serpents, andhelps them that make foul, troubled orbloody water.This herb also helps the cholic,cleanses the breast, and rids away thecough. A draught of the decoctiontaken warm before the fit, firstremoves, and in time rids away thetertian or quartan agues. The leaves andseeds taken in wine, stays the bloodyflux; outwardly applied, being stampedwith old swine’s grease, it helps oldsores, cancers, and inveterate ulcers,and draws forth thorns and splinters of

wood, nails, or any other such thingsgotten in the flesh. It helps tostrengthen the members that be out ofjoint: and being bruised and applied, orthe juice dropped in it, helps foul andimposthumed ears.The distilled water of the herb isgood to all the said purposes, eitherinward or outward, but a great dealweaker.It is a most admirable remedy forsuch whose livers are annoyed eitherby heat or cold. The liver is the formerof blood, and blood the nourisher of thebody, and Agrimony a strengthener ofthe liver.I cannot stand to give you a reason

in every herb w

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re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at Title: The Arabian Nights Entertainments Author: Anonymous Illustrator: Milo Winter Release Date: November 18, 2006 [EBook #19860] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE .