A Nutrition Guide For 11-18 Year Old Vegans 'WganSociety

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A Nutrition Guidefor 11-18 year old vegans 'WganSocietyOne wortd. l,.any hv :::;.Ourcho1cc.A well-planned vegan diet can supply your body with all the nutrients it needs during thisperiod of your life and beyond. As a starting point, take a look at the general advice aboutvegan nutrition on The Vegan Society's website.This guide will help you to learn more about vegan nutrition for 11-18 year olds. However, itis not designed to replace advice from health professionals. Please talk to a healthprofessional about supplements to ensure that they are suitable for you. If you haveconcerns about your diet. ask your doctor for a referral to a registered dietitian.High quality fuel and building blocksYour body needs fuel and building blocks because it is growing and developing fast. Makinghealthy choices can help you to feel great, achieve your goals. and protect your current andfuture health. If you need to eat between meals. choose high quality snacks like whole grainbreakfast cereal, wholemeal sandwiches. fortified plant milk and soya yoghurt, fruit, seedsand nuts.Getting the balance rightI he table below gives you an idea of how to balance the food groups in your diet:Suggested intakeFruit and vegetables (fresh, frozen, tinned or driec).inclJding orarge va·ieties and leafy g-eensAt least 5 x 80g portions(30g for dried fruit)Starchy foods ideally higher fibre choices. such asoats, sweet potato, wl olerrea.l hread. wholewhe,ltpasta and brown riceEvery mealProtein-rich foods such .is bear-s, chickpe.is, lentils.tofL. soya r-ril and yoghurt a.:erna- .es and peanctsMost mealsNuts and seeds, especially those ich in omega-3 '3t( 'C below)Calcium-rich foods such as calc .1m-fortified foodsand calciurr-set tofi,Finalised: 04/2017 by HAR.DailyMost meals-h(ink:; :::, :--i r,h,1! r, e:i:-ian An9 :1-r,d ; rne· '.,, he ex:; rti:;e r.n j :; .1prort'1-15 y er : IJS - -, '/F.')(ill :·.t. :;il:'ty - Pt-1\:i:' 1 : f

CalciumBones develop rapidly during this period of your life, and extra calcium is required .Recommended daily intakes are 1000mg (milligrams) for boys and 800mg for girls1. Thetable below provides some examples of the calcium contents of plant foods. You will noticethat calcium-fortified foods and calcium-set tofu are particularly good sources of calcium. Itis strongly recommended that your meals include these foods. Kale, pak choi, okra, springgreens, dried figs, chia seeds and almonds are also sources of calcium.Amount of food100g uncooked firm calcium-set tofu350 :::::: :::: 200ml fortified plant milk2402 slices of bread fortified with extra calcium242125g calcium-fortified soya yoghurt150 ::: 12030g dried figs75 ::: 30g almonds72Tablespoon of chia seeds69IronYou need plenty of iron too. Recommended daily intakes are 11.3mg (milligrams) for boys,and 14.8mg for girls to make up for menstrual losses1. Beans, chickpeas, lentils, tofu, cashewnuts, chia seeds, ground linseed, hemp seeds, pumpkin seeds and quinoa provide goodamounts of iron, as well as protein and zinc. Kale, raisins, dried figs, dried apricots andfortified breakfast cereals are also sources of iron. The table on the next page provides someexamples of the iron contents of plant foods.Adding vitamin C-rich food to meals helps with iron absorption. Good sourc es of vitamin Cinclude pepper, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kiwi fruits, oranges, strawberries,pineapple, grapefruit and orange juice.General guidelines issued by The Vegan Society. If you have co nc erns about your diet. please ask you r doctor for a referral to a diet itian.Finalised: 04/2017 by HAR.Thanks to Children's Dietitian Angharad Banner fo r her expert ise and support.11 18 year olds The Vegan Society Page 2 of 5

30g pumpkin seeds3.0100g uncooked firm calcium-set tofu2.730g hulled hemp seeds2.430g chia seeds2.3150g cooked quinoa2.280g cooked red lentils1.930g cashew nuts1.930g ground linseed1.780g reheated canned kidney beans1.680g cooked kale1.630g dried figs1.330g dried apricots1.280g reheated canned chickpeas1.230g dried raisins1.1Omega-3 fatsYou can obtain the essential omega-3 fat called alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) from nuts andseeds. The following options would help you to meet the minimum Europeanrecommendation for daily ALA intake5· 6 . One and a half tablespoons of ground linseedOne tablespoon of chia seedsTwo and a half tablespoons of hemp seedsSix walnut halvesThese foods can be stirred into cereal or soya yoghurt. or blended into smoothies.Our bodies can convert ALA into long chain omega-3 fats called eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). European guidance suggests a daily intake of250milligrams of EPA and DHA5, which vegans can obtain from microalgae throughsupplementation. However, we require research into the health benefits of thesesupplements for vegans.General guidelines issued by The Vegan Society. If you have c oncerns about yo ur diet. please ask your docto r for a referral to a dietitian.Finalised: 04/2017 by HAR.Thanks t o Children 's Dietitian Angharad Banner fo r her expertise and suppo rt11-18 year olds - The Vegan Society - Page 3 o f 5

Vitamin B12Every vegan needs a reliable source of vitamin B12 in their diet, either through fortified foodsor a supplement. Here are some tips: Fortified foods:o Eat at least twice a dayo Vitamin B12 is added to some milk and yoghurt alternatives, vegan spread,nutritional yeast flakes and breakfast cerealso Daily intake of at least 3mcg (micrograms)Take a supplement, either at least 10mcg daily or at least 2000mcg weeklyIodineA reliable source of iodine is an important part of a vegan diet. This is because the iodinecontent of most plant foods is low and variable. 11-14 year olds require 130mcg(micrograms) per day, and 15-18 year olds require 140mcg per day1. The use of asupplement is recommended.Vitamin DEveryone in the UK should consider vitamin D supplementation during autumn and winter.The recommended dose is 10 micrograms per day. It is recommended that people withdarker skin and those who do not regularly expose their skin to sunlight take a supplementall year7 . Vitamin D3 from lichen and D2 are vegan-friendly.Summary Eat a balanced and varied diet in order to feel great and help your body to growInclude good sources of protein in most of your meals, such as beans, lentils,chickpeas, tofu, soya alternatives to milk and yoghurt or peanutsHit your daily calcium target by including calcium-fortified foods or calcium-set tofuin your mealsEat nuts and seeds rich in omega-3 fat daily, such as walnuts, ground linseed, hempseeds and chia seedsUse fortified foods or a supplement to provide essential vitamin B12Ensure that your diet contains a reliable source of iodine (a supplement isrecommended)Take a daily vitamin D supplement during autumn and winter as a minimum (yearround supplementation is recommended for people who do not expose their skin tosunlight and those with darker skin)Consider supplementation of long chain omega-3 fats from microalgaeGeneral guidelines issued by The Vegan Society. If you have concerns about your diet, please ask your doctor for a referral to a dietitian.Finalised: 04/2017 by HAR.Thanks to Child ren·s Dietitian Angharad Banner for her expertise and support11 18 year olds The Vegan Society Page 4 of 5

References1. COMMITTEE ON MEDICAL ASPECTS OF FOOD AND NUTRITION POLICY (1991) DietaryReference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. London:HMSO2. PUBLIC HEALTH ENGLAND (2015) Composition of foods integrated dataset (CoF/D)available from: https ;//www.gov.uk! government/publications/cornposition-of-foodsin leg 'aled-da Lase L-co fi d (viewed 26-SEP-2016)3. UNITED STATES DEPARTME\lT OF AGRICULTURE !2016) Food Composition Databases,;1v,;1 l ":blc from: https:/ /ndb.n,;1l.usda.gov/ (viewed 26-Sc.P-2016)4. AL IED BAKERIES (Z017i Burgen Soya & Linseed ava lable from:http;/!vvww.bu rg en bread.comibrea os/soya-linseed/ (viewed 24-FEB-2017)5. EFSA (2010) Scientific Opinion on Dielary Reference Values for fals. includingsaturated fatty acids. polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, transtatty acids, and cholesterol av 1ilablc from:http;//www.efsa. europa. eu/ sites/ default/files/ sc ien tit ic output/tiles/ma in docu merts/1461.pdf (viewed 02-AUG-2016)6. DAVIS, BAND MELINA, V (2C14} Becoming Veg,1n: Comprehensive Edition,Su rimertown: Book Publishing Corr pany7. PUBLIC HEALTH ENGLAND (2016) PHE publishes new advice on vitamin D ,;IV lilab.cfrom: ht:ps :iiwww.gov.uk/ govern me nt/news/phe-pu blishes-new-advi :::e-on-vi :am in-d(viewed 02-AUG-2016)Finalised: 04/2017 by HAR.-h(ink:; :::, :--i r,h,1! r, e:i:-ian An9 :1-r,d ; rne· '.,, he ex:; rti:;e r.n j :; .1prort11-' /:I )'i:'3' :.: l t·) - T ·;; V (}3rl o:.:i lt - rr,9 :) :.: f .:;

A well-planned vegan diet can supply your body with all the nutrients it needs during this period of your life and beyond. As a starting point, take a look at the general advice a bout vegan nutrition on The Vegan Society's website. This guide will help you to learn more about vegan nutrition for 11-18 year olds. However, it

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