Wireless# Guide To Wireless Communications

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Wireless# Guide to WirelessCommunicationsChapter 1Introduction to Wireless CommunicationsJorge Olenewa – jolenewa@georgebrown.caOffice: E425 ext. 6809Objectives Explain how the major wireless technologies areused today Describe various applications of wirelesscommunications technology Explain the advantages and disadvantages ofwireless communications technology List several different wireless technologiesWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa2 of 541

How Wireless Technology is Used Wireless– Describes devices and technologies that are not connected by awire Wireless communications– Transmission of user data without the use of wires Wireless data communications technologies include:–––––BluetoothWireless LAN and WANSatelliteCellularWiMedia, ZigBee, WiMaxWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa3 of 54A Wireless World Wireless LAN devices– Distance: 300 feet (90 meters)– Bandwidth: 54 Mbps– Can also include Voice over IP (VoIP) Wireless network interface card (Wireless NIC)– Sends and receives data over radio waves Smartphone– Combination mobile phone and personal digitalassistant (PDA)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa4 of 542

A Wireless World (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa5 of 54Bluetooth and Ultra Wide Band Radio frequency identification device (RFID) tags– Small chips containing radio transponders Can be used to track inventory Bluetooth and Ultra Wide Band (UWB)– Wireless standards designed for very short ranges– Communicate using small, low-power transceivers Link manager– Special software that helps identify other BluetoothdevicesWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa6 of 543

Bluetooth and Ultra Wide Band(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa7 of 54Bluetooth and Ultra Wide Band(continued) Bluetooth– Distance: up to 33 feet (10 meters)– Bandwidth: 1 Mbps Ultra Wide Band– Distance: 150 feet (50 meters)– Bandwidth: 100 Mbps to 2 Gbps Piconet– Wireless personal area network (WPAN)– Consists of two or more Bluetooth devices that areexchanging data with each otherWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa8 of 544

Bluetooth and Ultra Wide Band(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa9 of 54Satellite Networks Used to transmit data over very long distance Repeater– Located in the satellite itself– Simply “repeats” the same signal to another location– Used to transmit data from one earth station toanother Transmission time is approximately 250 millisecondsWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa10 of 545

Satellite Networks (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa11 of 54Satellite Networks (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa12 of 546

Cellular Networks Modern cellular telephone network– Built around the concept of low power transmitters– Each “cell” handles a number simultaneous users– Transmission towers are spread throughout ageographical are– The same radio frequency channels can be reused byanother tower Located a few miles away to avoid interference Maximizes the use of a limited range of frequencychannelsWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa13 of 54Cellular Networks (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa14 of 547

Cellular Networks (continued) 3G (third generation) technology– Uses 100% digital transmission for both voice and data– Transmission speed Up to 2 Mbps when stationary 384 Kbps for slow-moving pedestrians Up to 144 Kbps from a moving vehicle 2.5G has a maximum data transmission rate of up to384 KbpsWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa15 of 54Cellular Networks (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa16 of 548

Wireless Local Area Networks Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)– Extension of a wired LAN Connecting to it through a device called a wirelessaccess point Access point (AP)– Relays data signals between all of the devices in thenetwork Each computer on the WLAN has a wireless networkinterface card (NIC)– With an antenna built into itWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa17 of 54Wireless Local Area Networks(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa18 of 549

Wireless Local Area Networks(continued) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)standards– 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g and soon 802.11nWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa19 of 54Wireless Local Area Networks(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa20 of 5410

Wireless Local Area Networks(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa21 of 54Wireless Local Area Networks(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa22 of 5411

Fixed Broadband Wireless (continued) Wireless metropolitan area network (WMAN)– Covers a distance of up to 35 miles– Based on the IEEE 802.16 Fixed Broadband Wirelessstandard– Uses small custom antennas on the roof of eachbuilding– Transmission speeds 75 Mbps at distances of up to 4 miles (6.4 km) 17 to 50 Mbps at distances over 6 miles (10 km)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa23 of 54Fixed Broadband Wireless (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa24 of 5412

Wireless Wide Area Network Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)– Standard language for displaying content from theInternet Microbrowser– Miniaturized version of a Web browser Wireless Application Protocol version 2.0 (WAP2)– Provides a standard way to transmit, format, anddisplay Internet data For small wireless devices such as cell phonesWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa25 of 54Wireless Wide Area Network(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa26 of 5413

Wireless Wide Area Network(continued) Programming languages– BREW (Binary Run-Time Environment for Wireless)– J2ME (Java 2 Micro Edition) Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN)– Enables employees to access corporate data andapplications from virtually anywhereWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa27 of 54Wireless Wide Area Network(continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa28 of 5414

Older Wireless Technologies Shared Wireless Access Protocol (SWAP)– Set of specifications for wireless data and voicecommunications around the home– Distance: 150 feet (45 meters)– Transmission speed: up to 10 Mbps– Includes not only computer equipment but also cordlesstelephones and home entertainment equipment– Established by the HomeRF Working GroupWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa29 of 54The Wireless Landscape Wireless communications– Has become a standard means of communication forpeople in many occupations and circumstancesWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa30 of 5415

The Wireless Landscape (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa31 of 54The Wireless Landscape (continued)Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa32 of 5416

Digital Convergence Digital convergence– Refers to the power of digital devices to combinevoice, video, and text processing capabilities As well as to be connected to business and homenetworks and to the InternetWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa33 of 54Wireless Applications Main areas––––––––––EducationHome entertainmentHealth CareGovernment and MilitaryOffice environmentsEvent managementTravelConstruction and warehouse managementEnvironmental researchIndustrial controlWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa34 of 5417

Education Ideal application for colleges and schools It frees students from having to go to a specificcomputer lab or the library– To get on the school’s computer network Wireless technology translates into a cost savingsfor colleges as wellWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa35 of 54Home Entertainment Wireless communication– Enables movie and audio enthusiasts to download,distribute, and control all forms of digital entertainmentfrom anywhere in the houseWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa36 of 5418

Health Care Administering medication in a hospital setting– A major problem area for the health care industry Wireless point-of-care computer systems– Allow medical staff to access and update patientrecords immediately Even telephones are now being connected tohospital IEEE 802.11 WLANs– Employing VoIP technologyWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa37 of 54Government Wireless communication– Lets city employees and contractors at remote sitesaccess data stored in a central database– Delivers broadband connectivity to schools, libraries,and government buildings– Provides free Internet access to residents and attractsvisitors and businesspeopleWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa38 of 5419

Military Universal Handset– A 1.5-pound device– Allows military personnel in the field to communicatethrough a variety of methods Using wireless technologies– Military is currently working on preventing enemies fromeavesdropping on or jamming the signalWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa39 of 54Office Environments Employees in all lines of work no longer have to beaway from the data they need– To help them make decisions Wireless technologies allow businesses to create anoffice– Where the traditional infrastructure doesn’t alreadyexistWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa40 of 5420

Event Management Wireless networks– Help identify a stolen or counterfeit ticket– Can also give a real-time look at traffic flow– In-progress game statistics are available to any fan inthe stadium with a wireless deviceWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa41 of 54Travel Wireless global positioning systems (GPS)– Tie into emergency roadside assistance services Satellite radio– Transmits over 150 music and talk stations Airport terminals are likewise turning to wirelesstechnologies Airplanes themselves are being equipped withwireless data accessWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa42 of 5421

Construction Wireless communications– Send information from the job site to the main office– Alert when maintenance operations need to beperformed on equipmentWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa43 of 54Warehouse Management Implementing wireless technology is key for manywarehouse operations Warehouse management system (WMS) software– Used to manage all of the activities from receivingthrough shipping In the near future– Most of the bar code functions, including inventorycounting, will be replaced by RFID tagsWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa44 of 5422

Environmental Research Scientists are now using small, battery- or solar-cellpowered WLAN sensors– In places that were previously difficult to access andmonitorWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa45 of 54Industrial Control Motes– Remote sensors– Can connect to a WLAN Then collect data and transmit it to a central locationWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa46 of 5423

Wireless Advantages andDisadvantages As with any new technology, wirelesscommunications offers both advantages anddisadvantagesWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa47 of 54Advantages of Wireless Networking Mobility– Freedom to move about without being tethered by wires– Permits many industries to shift toward an increasinglymobile workforce– Gives team-based workers the ability to access thenetwork resources Easier and less expensive installation– Installing network cabling in older buildings can be adifficult, slow, and costly task– Makes it easier for any office to be modified with newcubicles or furnitureWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa48 of 5424

Advantages of Wireless Networking(continued) Increased reliability– Network cable failures may be the most common sourceof network problems Disaster recovery– In the event of a disaster, managers can quickly relocatethe officeWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa49 of 54Disadvantages of Wireless Networking Radio signal interference– The potential for two types of signal interference exists Security– It is possible for an intruder to be lurking outdoors witha notebook computer and wireless NIC With the intent of intercepting the signals from a nearbywireless network– Some wireless technologies can provide added levelsof securityWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa50 of 5425

Disadvantages of Wireless Networking(continued) Health risks– High levels of RF can produce biological damagethrough heating effects Wireless devices emit low levels of RF while being usedWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa51 of 54Summary Wireless communications have becomecommonplace Wireless networks and devices are found in all circlesof life today Wireless wide area networks will enable companiesof all sizes to interconnect their offices– Without the high cost charged by telephone carriers fortheir landline connections WLAN applications are found in a wide variety ofindustries and organizationsWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa52 of 5426

Summary (continued) Remote sensors– Capable of communicating using wireless technologies– Used in large manufacturing facilities To monitor equipment and for scientific research Wireless communication advantages––––MobilityEasier and less expensive installationIncreased network reliabilitySupport for disaster recoveryWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa53 of 54Summary (continued) Wireless communication disadvantages– Radio signal interference– Security issues– Health risksWireless# Guide to Wireless Communications - Jorge Olenewa54 of 5427

Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications Chapter 1 Introduction to Wireless Communications . Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) - Extension of a wired LAN Connecting to it through a device called a wireless . network Each computer on the WLAN has a wireless network interface card (NIC) - With an antenna built into it .

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